Newspaper Page Text
THE OHAULEVOIX COUNTY HERALD, (East Jordan, Mich.) FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1920
IS SWEPT BY DEADLY TYPHUS Two Million Cases in Russia' -Conditions in Poland Appalling. U. S. RELIEF BOARD SWAMPED Several of Its Office re and Men Have Died, Among Them One In Charge at Tamopol Shortage of 8uppHe. Warsaw. General Petlura's Ukrain ian government, which, despite Its amazing weakness, remains the near est approach to organized authority that exists between the East Gallclan frontier and the Dnieper, has sent Its minister of public works, Mr. Bezalko, to Warsaw, to appeal for assistance In fighting the incredible typhus condi tions In the Tetlura country. He re ports that 10,000 men, the remnants of Petlura's Ukrainian force, have been stricken with the disease and that the 30,000 men of the East Gallclan army, commanded by Tavlenko, who from time to time have co-operated with Petlura, are In an almost equally bad plight About half the- cases have proved fatal. Hands Are Occupied. It Is virtually certain that the roles will 'not bo able to give assistance to the Ukrainians because their hands are more than occupied in combating the spread of the disease In Toland. There is some typhus In Warsaw 5,000 cases perhaps; Dvlnsk, recently captured from the bolshevlkl, Is In an appalling condition; the epidemic has swept In virulent form as far west as Cracow, where the normal activities are half paralyzed ; In most of the vil lages on the eastern frontiers more than half the Inhabitants are sick and there is a disturbing amount of typhus in the army. Where 20 fumigating ma chines are needed, the Poles have one ; where a gallon of carbolic acid Is re quired they have a gill. The American typhus commission, which, with 5,000 men and 750 officers, came here last summer to prepare to combat the disease this winter, has been overwhelmed ; even the vast sup plies the commission brought have proved Insufficient. Several officers and men of the commission have 6ed, Including a colonel who was In charge of the work at Tarnopol. So there Is small prospect that Petlura can find any help here. Reliable reports indicate that soviet Russia is being devastated by the dis ease. In the recent exchange of pris oners between the Poles and the bol shevlkl, there arrived here a Doctor Czechowltz, who over a year ago was Impressed Into the bolshevik service as a sanitary expert and assigned to the. work of dealing with typhus. He says that In March of last year there were 1,340,000 known cases of typhus In bolshevik Russia and that condi tions this year are worse than last year. He estimates that there are Qfjw nt least 2.000.000 cases In. Russia. The sovleflgornrrienf" has almost no facilities for controlling the disease and comparatively few physicians are available to care for ' the sick. In consequence " the percentage of deaths Is now enormous, Czechowltz says. Ueu-ally Follows War. Such an epidemic as the present one almost Inevitably follows a period of war In central Europe. It Is to be at tributed to Insufficient food supplies, weakening the resistance of the peo-y pie, and to lack of clothing, frequently making .cleanliness difficult even for the moderately well-to-do and impos sible for the poor. A common assertion is that typhus Is as great a menace to social quiet as bolshevlsra. But competent observ ers here do not believe this. The peo ple of this part of the world, they argue, ' have ' come through centuries to accept the peril of typhus as an un escapable concomitant of life. Cer tainly from roles' one hears little out cry at present conditions; it Is only those who have known Western civil ization who are shocked by the spread and virulence of the disease. The, Polish cabinet has reached no decision on the proposal to quaran tine the country and It Is hoped that suspension of the railroad service for two weeks, because of the coal crisis, may have n favorable effect upon the typhus situation, which could never have attained the proportions It has If travel had been supervised and re stricted a month ago. CHINESE KILL RUSS Captives Are Shot to Death With Revolvers. CURE FOR PLANT DISEASES Botanists at Cambridge University, England, Claim to Make Vegeta tion Immune. Cambridge, England. Cambridge university botanists claim that It is now possible to breed disease-proof plants. A special body of Investigators who have been devoting themselves to the practical testing of the Mendellan he redity law are engaged in immunizing wheat, oats, barley, potatoes and roots, the results of which will be shown in the summer to a distinguished assem bly of medical men. The "plant doctors,' as they are called, have already succeeded In breeding a new wheat known as "yeo man" which has yielded 12 quarters (00 bushels) to the acre three times an ordinary crop. 55,000 FOR MOSQUITO BITE Demand Is Made by Sailor in Suit Brought In Brooklyn Supreme Court. New York. The tale of a ship beset by swarms of mosquitoes during a royage along the south Atlantic coast tvos unfolded In a complaint filed In :he Brooklyn supreme court In a suit for $5,000 damages brought by Hen Jrlcus De Raay, a sailor. De Raay alleges that after he had ieen bitten severely, officers of the steamship Gulfcoast, belonging to the J Sulf Refining company, refused to five ointment to him. The company has asked for a bill of particulars, denying that the officers refused the ointment, and declaring that mpsquito bites were part of the assumed risk of employment. frst' Make. Victims Dig Graves, Then Execute Them for the Bolshevlkl. Amsterdam. The correspondent of the Handelsblad, who recently re turned from' a trip In soviet Russia, ;lves the following account of his In vestigations of the activities of the Chinese employed there by the bol shevlkl as' executioners. 'Such horrible storlojfl were being told In Europe about these Chinese that I thought It worth my while to learn more about thorn. As a Joke, I asked everyone who asked my opinion of the bolshevlkl to show me some Tal man-kllllng Chinese,' but I always was told they couldn't produce any Just now because they had all gone to the Denlklne front. 'I was told the Chinese, If com manded by their own officers were ex cellent soldiers, but they rnn like hares If 'their officers were killed. Execu tions are now very rare In Moscow, but. In August, when thousands of counter-revolutlonnrles were slaugh tered. It was carried out by the Chi nese because the authorities feared the Russian soldiers would refuse to do the work. "The Chinese do this work Indiffer ently like they do all other work they are ordered to perform. They are blind, conscienceless tools In the hands of the men who feed them and pay them and who raised them from the position of coolies In which they came to Russia to the rank of soldier, of the guards. "If the 'boltsjak' (his name for bol shevik) orders something, the Chinese does It, nnd he does It In his typically practical way. He first makes the vic tim dig his own grave and then shoots him with his revolver. He Is not cruel about It, Just practical. "When boltsjak says kill, then he kills with an unperturbed face. And when boltsjak says, 'You may stop now, with the same cool face he lets his victim go. The correspondent after some weeks. In Russia left when he was refused permission to make investigations freely as he pleased. HI ITALY MAKES OYSTERS SAFE Removes Impurities by Keeping Them in Sterilized Sea Water for a Week, Washington. An Italian company bas perfected a process for removing Impurities from oysters, according to a report to the bureau of foreign and domestic commerce. On being taken from beds along the Venetian coast the oysters are shipped to Rome, the shells carefully washed and thrown Into great tanks filled with sterilized sea water. The tanks are constantly replenished and the flowing water has been found to wash all Im purities from the oysters which, cfter a week's "treatment" are shipped to the retailers. . Another Royal Suggestion BISCUITS, BUNS and ROLLS From the New Royal Cook Book BISCUIT! What de light this word sug gests. So tender they fairly melt in the mouth, and of such glorious flavor that the appetite is never satis fied. These are the kind of biscuits anyone can make with Royal Baking Powder and these unusual recipes. ' Biscuits J cups flour 4 teaapoons Royal Baking powder L teaspoon f.alt 2 tablespoons shortening cup milk or half milk and half water Sift together flour, baklnj? pow der and salt, add shortening and rub In very lightly; add liquid slowly: roll or pat on floured board to about one . Inch In thickness (handle as little as possible); cut with biscuit cutter. Bake in hot oven 16 to 20 min utes. Royal Cinnamon Buns cups flour 1 teaspoon salt 4 teaspoons fioyal Baking Powder 2 tablespoons shortening 1 egg V cup water cup sugar 2 teaspoons cinnamon 4 tablespoons seeded raisins Sift 2 tablespoons of measured sugar with flour, salt and bak ing powder; rub shortening In lightly: add beaten egg to water and add slowly. Roll out Inch mm, Absolutely Puro thick on floured board: brush with melted butter, sprinkle with sugar, cinnamon and raisins. Roll as for Jelly roll; cut Into 1H inch pieces; place with cut edges up on well-greased pan; sprinkle with a little sugar and cinnamon. Bake In moderate oven 30 to 35 minutes; remove from pan at once. Parker House Rolls 4 cups flour ' 1 teaspoon salt 6 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder 2 tablespoons shortening lft cups milk Sift flour, salt and baking pow der together. Add melted short ening to milk and add slowly to dry ingredients stirring until smooth. Knead lightly on floured board and roll out Vt Inch thick. Cut with biscuit cutter. Crease each circle with back of knife otie aide of center. Butter the small section and fold larger part well over the small. Place one inch apart In greased pan. Allow to stand 16 minutes in warm place. Brush each with melted butter and bake in mode rate oven 15 to 20 minutes. FREE Write TODAY for the New Royal Cook Book; con tains 400 other recipes Just as delightful as these. Will show you how to add inter est and variety to .your meals. Address ROYAL BAKE7Q POWDER CO. 115 Fulton Street New York City Bake with Royal and be Sure" Assert Ancient Tribes Did Much Irrigating Albuquerque, N. M. That prehistoric peoples of New Mex ico did a good deal of Irrigat ing is Indicated by the remains of canals and ditches found In the state, as well as In other parts of the Southwest, accord ing to II. F. Robinson, head of the Indian irrigation bureau here. The remains of 217 miles of ditches built by the Pueblo In dians alone are to be found, and there are evidences of elaborate water systems at the Salt River valley In Arizona. These ditches were all dug by hand, according to Mr. Robin son, and clay banks and beds were constructed where the way lay over a sandy plain, while the method of blasting through rocks was to heat the rocks, crack them with large stones and remove them from the way. Not a Joshua. Two little brothers had quanVled and after their supper their mother endeavored to re-establish friendly re lations between theirt. finally quoting to them the llible verse. "Let not th sun go down upon your wrath." 1 urg ing to liernard, the elder, she said: "Now. Hernnrd. are you going, t l?t the sun go down on your wniili?" Her nard squirmed n little ns he h:okel Into her face. "Well, how mn 1 !! It?" he nked Giving Them Their Due. The mnn with brains who does not nse them Is n sluggard: vim me him. The hard worker with few talents Is a drudge; encourage him. The man with talents who works hard to make the most of them Is n uenliis; pruise him. HELPED MAN AND WIFE Walter Farraud, 1093 Springfield Ave. Irvington, N. J., writes: "My back ached continuously, as did my wife's." After taking Foley Kidney Pills, we were surprised with the quick . results. I recommend them to any one who has kidney or bladder trouble." Hite's Drugstore, adv. Patience the Greatest Elixir. Life has such hard conditions that every dear and precious gift, every rare virtue, every genial endowment, love, hope. Joy. wit. sprlght lines, be nevolence, must sometimes he put Into the crucible to distill the one elixir patience. ClnU Hamilton OPEN NOSTRILS! END A COLD OR CATARRH How To Get Relief When Ilead and Nose are Stuffed Up. Count fifty I Your cold 'in head or jatarrh disappears. Your clogged nos trils will open, tie air passages of your head will clear and you can breathe freely. No more snuffling, hawking, mucous discharge,. dryness or headache; ao struggling for breath at night. Get a small bottle of Ely's Cream Balm from your druggist and apply a little of this fragrant antiseptic cream ji your nostrils. It penetrates through every air passage of the head, soothing and healing the swollen or inflamed mucous membrane, giving you instant elief. Head colds and catarrh yieU like magic. Don't stay stuHed-up and niser&ble. Relief is sure. TOP! LOOK! US TEN! GOME, TO "J U J In )l U.ULJL J UULU For Northern Michigan's Grandest Celebration of Our Nations Natal Day THE GLORIOUS FOURTH WILL BE COMMEMORATED BY THE BIGGEST FESTIVAL EVER ATTEMPTED IN NORTHERN MICHIGAN. There will be Death-Defying Airplane Stunts; Balloon Ascensions and Parachute Drops, ; fireworks, Street Sports, Five Bands, A Human Fly Will Climb Pctoskey's Highest Steeple, A Grand Parade of Wonderful Floats, And Other Attractions To Make The Day Long To Be Remembered. PETQSKEY REfDY - - fRE YOU?