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'ATTORNEY and COUN-
S ELLO R-AT-LAV.
LLt) YD HOUSE
JOHN R. THOMAS. Tr.of.
A FIRST CLASS LIVERY ...
In connection, lingular stage t j Poqua in
.For a good clenn Shnv9.cr
DICHIGAN "MINING SCHOOL
r A Ktate School of Surveying Mining.
'. Electrical ami Mechanical Engineering,
l'hysica, Ciimnii'trv, Oro Dressing. Miner-
' logy, rtrograpiiy, Geology, Drafting,.
'.-Machine Design, etc. Tuitlnn froo. For
i Win.......'. a r ii. it l ktMAnnM
-HcHDLLENa i GIRARD -BARAGA
. Singlo or Doublo Rigs with or
Pishing or Hunting Parties furnished
with competant guide.
We kee; nothing but good horses and
wagons and give good attention
' , to our patronB. ' . , ' i . "
: JLlEN .&;IRD.:
Xs Open at all Lours. Horse Shoeing a
SWIMESrUqnoRS ana CIGAHs;
Imported Culmbach ami Muencliener Beer,
Uniniiess's Humt, Bass' l'ale Ale. W. H. .
Mcllrayer Whiskies, MartcU's Cottnac,
Ie Kuyprr's Oin.'riherry, Port Wine,
, Itnpoiteil and . Domestic Cigars
and Smoker' Supplies.
nniN ST., I L'RNSB, M1GH.
G. P. Blankenhorn
L'ANSB and BARAOv
Choice Fresh, Salted and
' Smoked Meats. '
Lard, Poultry, Fish, Tegclablei and
""' Y . Y-'.' Produce. ,YY
OYSTERS & GAME IN SEASON
JAMES MCMAHON, :yY':
PEALSB IS - '
CORNER SALOON. '
' BARAGA. MICH
' V. :" Y V-'V:'-''' .' '? V'V
CLIPPED AND CONDJ)8Ep. FROM OUR
.' ' V- EXCHANGES. . ' '.
Typhoid fever ia prevalent at Iron
Mountain. I? Y' '
' The TJ. r. M ooda ore ' swarming with
hunters tbia fall.,. j . v
" Isbpeming ii" to hao a cracker fact
ory costing (150,000. , YY ''
Joseph Jnttner, one of the pioneers
of .Mcnominoe, died last Monday, '
' Isufeming Presbyterian ( propose to
build ft $15,000 chnroh next spring.
The i epublicans ' of Marquette have
renominated Goo. Wagner for the legis
lature. .". ,' ' ""'v
It it said that Carkoek has declined
the proffered pro(e?9?r-'i?j! ia Hzrvr3
: -. ' ;
' " :' icc-x';.wij.i
Zj i-lllrj ( dcas . in and
. . ;xJ. Hurley.; ",M ':",. . ,i
The village' of Corrinne, Mackinac,
coun'y, wns'nearly swept 1 out of exis
tence by fire, last week. -
Nicholas Thompson, a Swedish mason
of Iron Mountain, suicided last week,
by shooting himself in the head. ' :
Iron Mountain papers are in a fair
way to bankrupt themselves trying , to
see which can get up the biggest paper.
The Ishpeming and Negaunee Btreet
railway is to be ready for business next
June.. Work on it will be commenced
soon. ' ' " '' ' '
Tho Detroit Gold and Silver Mining
Co., of 'Ishpeming-, has been organized j
with a nominal capital stock of $2,
Although the Ishpeming Buildiug &
Loid Assocealioii l as been organized
only two years, it has lound already
over $13,000. -It
in reported that Weyerhausnr and
Rullfdge, of the Chippewa Lumber co.,
have purchased a half interest in the
Geneva mine, Gogobio range. .- '
The Kopublie Sun says Capt. Juliff,
of Champion, is exploring for iron with
a large force of mten near Nestoria, and
that he has recently discovered a. floe
vein of bard ore. ; ' : y ,",- :-v-,. '
VAn trv-i I ' t $u;' " ' ;Vi-i lorrv:
mftics " vicior'Vt t. 1 ra cf'ccr.
J ndgb fetoni g: rd C.9 j ... 1' ii5 iac'.ure
when his attention Avaa . called to it.
- Rov. John Bussell. at one ; time pre;
siding elder of this M. E. district, is the
prohibition candidate for congress in
tho eeveuth district. , We bplieve be
was once a candidate for that office in
this district but he wasn't elected.
The D., S. S, & A. railroad company
has caused a survey to be made for a
projected branch line from Cascade,
eight miles west of Negannee, to some
pointd on the Soo line Jwith a view to
securing an' outlet at Gladstone for the
iron ore of the Marquetto range. ' ,
A party,' couaisting of surveyors, en
gineers and assistants will make a snr
vey from Eucanaba tolshpoming. The
m?n nro in the employ of the Escanaba,
Iron Mountain & Western Railroad, and
the survey v ill be made with a view to
building a road between these two
The managements of the Winthrop
and Detroit mines have conceded the
demands of their mon for short hours
ou Saturdays and the men have returned
to work. At tha other mines the men
nro stil! out. They have been promised
aid from tbo miners of the Gogebic and
Escanabo's ponndmaster has no snap.
Because he did his duty under the city
ordinances the sheriff . called him a
"gray-headed old thief and two other
citizens beat him into insensibility, and
though he swore out a warrant for their
arrest, Ihe case was never brought to
trial. He ought to raign or arm him
self. ' 1 ,
' Henri Rousseau, an eminent engineer
of Paris,' has beon looking over the
canal and government works at the Soo
with a view to gaining thorough
knowledge of , their 1 construction and
operation, and making a report of his
obnervatious to the Freuch government
which is contemplating enterprises of a
similar nature. ' ' " ' ' ' ' ;
Thfl second engineer on. the steam
barge Charles Ilobard mot with a severe
accident Sunday, while the boat was at
tho Union dock and Coal co's wharf.
He was going' down into the engine
room and missed his footing on the lad
der, falling a diitauceof four feet, and
being a heavy mai the fall ' dislocated
his hlr. . He is receiving care at the
Marine hospital. Soo News. '.vt- .V...
, cave jn ocoured a$ the Ludmgton
mine Wednesday 1 morning entombing
five men nami4 P. Sliges,' Dunn, J.
Fisher, W. It. Davie ; and WJaiiey.
Singes, and Dunn wore taken out alive.
J.'Fishor was taken out three hours
later, dead. The other two are dead
but. their bodies have' not been recover
ed yet. - ; ; .
' David Kingston, a prominent lumber
operator of Eagle Harbor, has chartered
the City of Marquette for the transpor
tation of hay and oats from th is port to
Eagle Ilarbor. The Marquette took or
her first load yesterday from. He bard's
dock. ' The auppli es are destined for
Mr. Kingston's camps near that city.
Boo' News. .' Y, " V'';V' Y. . Y Y
.1' r.'From 'the BoithY.';.''''.'
- T!.a fIIawina nexry Uiisr, pcVILiei
11 I.ii Ore, was written by Prof. Lw-v.
ioni"'J-1-. .' .V.Y'Y; . t -
y (I have been for several weeks among
the iron ore deposits of the South in
Virginia, Georgia and Alabama, and as
an American cition,. prond of the re
sources and devel6pmcnt of his country,
I am greatly pleased with the outlook
here. Alabama and Georgia have great
resources; .thoy . are wonderful. The
iron and coal deposits are near together,
and they are extraordinary. Tho lime
stone is here also in abundance.
Tho Georgia and northeast ' Alabama
deposits of ore ore limonites brown
ore found in the hills and mountains in
the iron ore range. . They are richer in
iron and lower in phosphorus than the
ores at Birmingham.. ''In fact, it Is said
that without a mixture of the brown
ore with tho Birmingham ore, car-wheel
iron find iron of that grade cannot be
made. I send you a piece of the Birm
ingham ore that yon may see what it is
like. They called it fossiliforous ore.
It occurs for many miles along the ran
ge, Btriking northeasterly and dipping
southwesterly,' about ton degrees with
the horizon, sometimes more, nometimes
less, and outcropping along the top or
on the side of the westerly slope of the
mountains in sandstouo formation. The
underlying rock in all this country, is
limestone; over it is the sandstone, (and
ia th littrr it the ore., Thw ore- baa
t!JJu. of 8 feet to 15 feet. . The el
cv2Li!" r " " ' ; ' -p Li t :verl Lund
iH fc Y - j ru.tfcilij. bildw, soilry
ih:n't.rvte'd6wn ion gravity taclinev
sometimea, and soml'-Jmes t xrax it out
from tunnels to a ahnte or ore pocket. ;
: It costs about 10 or 12 cents per ton
to break the ore and put it into the cars
in the upper stopes along on the surface
outcrop. This is, of course, the most
favorable condition. . In the under
ground stopes whore they use timber, it
costs far more. ' In Georgia, at the Etna
Iron company's mines, the agent told
mo that the oro cost on tho average,
G3 cents per ton at the furnace.. The
company owns the mine. It ia a brown
ore, and has to be screened or washed.
They pay the men $1 per day of 12
hour's work. Here (Birmingham) they
pay miners $1.25 per day, and get 10 or
12 tons of ore to tho man. This was
told me at a favorable mine, where
thero was nothing to do but to break
down the ore and put it into car?.
People do not realizo that tho iron ore
which thy possess is worth far . more
th:n tluir King Cotton. In fact tho
mineral deposits of Alabama are of far
greater valoo than all other interest of
the state combined.
..The South has a great fnturo before
it. Its deposits of iron, coking coal,
stone, marble, slate, clay, . timber, cot
ton, etc., its eqnablo climate, streams
of water, its secure laboring popuk
tion, give to it a fundament! Larij for a
great iacrease of abounding prosperity
that has ' already began. Furnaces,
rolling mills, car ahops, cotton mills,
etc., etc. The multiple manufacturing
indnstrics that iaa grow out of the
raw material that beie abound mudt
inevitably- now that the attention of
the world has been turned this way
give to this region a great impetus for
ward and bring to its . advancement
wealth and prosperity. - ,'
I get conflicting statements regarding
the ores. Soma men tell me, furnace
men, 'too, ' that the Bi imingham ores
will not mike ear wheel iron, and that
it yields in the furnace but 40 to 45 per
cent Others claim 60 per cent- I
think that th ore varies somewhat.
The ore along the surface or near the
outcrop is softer and richer than that
mined at greater depth. The foot wait
aad hanging are I oth sandstone, and
seams of sajid rock occur in the ore, or
the ore may be ' separated ; in beds by
the same rock. It is conglomerate,
made up of fine pebbles and shells", etc.;
the whole ' formation sedimentary. ' It
breaks easily, is soft and friable, and
there is worlds of it.
.. The towns in the South in the iron
ore districts are- prosperous and the
people ore confident and happy. , . - y
Pf Interest, to Homesteaders.
" kpabtjckwtVw the Interior, )
' GKNKiuitiAKn OFFICR. - '
hTiBHiOToyD. Ci Sept 6, 1890. ) , -
eguiers firui receivers united state
i'y)fflc6.U T ,y,'v . Y' YvYYj
Gextuemen : 1 am directed' by the
Ilonorable Secretary of the. Interior.,
1y letter of September 4, 1890, to call
jut Dortion of the oot .ot Coo err ess.
fcfproved AngUBt CO, 1890V which re
noth so much of the act of October 2,
XbC3 (25 Stat520), as withdrawn the
lands in arid region of the United
fetes ' from 'entry, ocenpation, tc-!
settlement,!, with tb ettr-" : , T .
r -?rr":3 ! . 1:.-' 1 c? c;-
Y lt: 'i t-T-.-r'-'-i 1 1 f '"'
... ia proviJcJ by law, aad t:
v uUs tereifter locate! cr tzlnit 1
f 1 pntlio lands shall in Lke manner be
r served from the date ot tho looation
cr selection. Tlia circulars of this of
fice of August 9, 1890, are hereby re-.
Eu tries validated by this act will be
acted upon in regular- order, and ail
pateuts issued on entries made subse
quent to this act and on entries so val
idated, est of the one hundredth meri
dian, will contain a clause reserving. -the
Tight of way for ditches and canals' con
structed by authority , of the United
States. '' I
' Tour particular attention is called to
that portion of the law which restricts
the acquirement of title under the 1 and
laws to S20 acres in the aggregate.
, You will require from air applicants
to file or enter uudor any of tho land
laws of tho United State?, an affidavit
showing that since August 30, 1890,
they hod not filed upon or enterod, un
der said laws, a quantity of land which
would make, with the tracts applied
fqr, more than 320 acres. Or, provided
tho party should claim by virtne of the
exception ai to settler prior to tlio act
of August 30, 1890, you will require an
affidavit establishing the faot.
l- As oon us practicable a blank form
ot affidavit will be furnished yoi-. Y
&::' respectfully; - Y !'"
i' y:yjrbxmA. Groft. :. '
Ir Yi - ' '-r , -' Commissioner. ;.
-V t "v ...
, ?.Y YThe public Lands;
Accordiniit to the report of Comreis
1 3ner Groflf trt the secretary of the
i .terior lS.CCO.CCO acres of agricultural
Inds have been patented . dnring eth
past fiscal year to settlers on the public
domain, while the areas patented to the
stated under th swamp grai.t, and to
corporation under special grants, have
been great Although somewhat reduced,
as compared with previous years.
, The class of patents known as "agri
cultural" includes all patents issued on
final and commuted homestead entries,
on pre-emption, timber culture, desert,
private catb, town site and other entries
embracing lnnd of an agricultural non
ylxe numlier of such agricultural
pnienui isuou tiuxian nio periuu co er
ed by the report was 117,217, embracing
18.750,520 acres, as against 70,141 issued
in 1889, with an aggregate, area of 11,
220,560. The incronso for the year is
therefore, 47,180 patents and 536,900
iria of land.
fAt the same time the area of coal
find mineral lands patented hai been
rfratly increased over that of the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1889. The area
patented to tlio states, under the grants
tpt educational and internal improve
ment purposes has increased 300 per
Cent. Tbia comple'cd work, as shown
by the facts nnd figures contained in
this report, indicating incrensed popu
lation, increased coal and mineral de
elopmpnt and increased educational
development and resourcs, are referred
to as suggestive e'e'iitntsin the national
There were patented or certiflel nn
ir the law, for thn benefit of railroad
eoiwpanieH dnring the year 303,8(52 acres
thin ia a decrcaso for the year of 61,183
acres. ', '.,
It ia shown in tho official records that
en June 30, 18S9 there were 276,751
final eutrics of all kinds ponding and
that at the clooo of the fiscal year, 1890
there were 208,064 entries pending,
showing a deoreasa ns compared with
the previous year 68,687 entries. Rail
pad selections amounting to 29,776,955
acres Were pending at the close of the
tear, an increase over the previous year
of 332,704, acres. There ' were, also
Oregon wagou road se'e -tions pending
to the amount of 304,920 acres.
I - Ex-parte mineral entries are in arrears
about two and a' hatf years. Contest
caes, rJsi-oontesU and es-pute coil
entries' are up1 to date. The mileage
bf land-grant railroads actually con
structed np to the close of the last fiscal
year was 18,070 miles, of which 40 miles
were constructed during the year.
i In the investigation of fradulent land
ipntrios 61 special agents were employed
during that part of the year. To these
special aeents w re referred for investi
gation 2.684 cases : 437 cases were held
Sor cancellation: 538 were cancelled.
rana l,vuJ were examined uuu uuwwu.
. - nnn . . Jl
The non: Commissioner doos not
inform '. the , public bow far the
contest divwion is in arrears, the proba-
bilitles beinar that the showing would
m - - v
not be yerf satisfactory, ;
Havintr just returned from a purot- '
;' ;. ' - "r V - - that my Et;.a Ij :
.'; ) Much care t '
varied tiy f "
' " "i'
-"Y 1. Mvfwi y i L , . , 1, v. . 'f j. 1
If imn: ; J cr GOY Mll , O' c; any kind, YU. ' IZ3 "
, w- OVERCOATS, bUIVC c: v.iiy ci2Qcvv .
' BOY'S KNEE x?AKXS, you'll rind' ' i
. :' what is needed right here. - ; ! .
Havo received a valuable line ot H ' ' Y
1.ADIIS TEIMMBD fflJi
Y SHAPES, and TRIMMINGS. ,
Here are a few things we keep: Blankets, fine and heavy Under wear.
Carpets, Oil cloth, Stove mats, Feather dusters, all kinds of Mitts, Kid gloves,
block and colored, Stationery, Curtain poles. Pillow-sham holders, Buckles,
Silk umbrellas, Gossamers and Rain coats, Knitting, Embroidery and Wash
Silks, novelty and stitched brands, Tinsel cords, Curling irons, Banner 'rod,, i .
Bilk and Linen Laces, Colored Tissue Paper, Hand satchels, Side combs, Hair . '
Pins, Rick Rack . vV. ' .-Y
A LARGE LINE OF CORSETS. Yi
Girdles, Cloaks, Table linens Butchers linen. Plain and drawn net 'for fancy-;
Work, White jtlnslins, Lace curtains and curtain cloths, Hoods, Leggings, Lace i
flowers, feathers, etc., etc., etc. Anything you want. ' Y
My shoe.btock this fall is large and complete and includes Ladies' heavy t'-i-i
shoes, tipped. ;. Jv; '- "Y Y '' Y: Y;I''';'-' 'S'." '7
You can depend oa my GROOHRIEJ3 as being ' firsli qualij tY 'i r " V
We DONT HAirDLU GROUND CC?rnr tnt oaly Gren and Ecr
Watch Repairiug and Engraving a Specialty, 4
MONDAY, SEPT. lSl
Y "'. ' 1 ' , . ' ';-"; ' -,;'v YY
': I have a large stock of : ; ... . V. . .,
No. IO and 12 Shells
. bDth foaded and empty, also :,'';iVltvl:,'."-i' i&V-
Gunpowder, ':;::' -
Rifle and Revolver Cartridges etc v
, Y " SHELLS LOADED TO ORDER. V ; Y
NORTON'S DEUG !CS ;
L'ANCE ''i" '"' AND y" ; cr.:..YCh.
:'r:V.3l:' - "