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(A 6 0 The L'Anse Sentinel. E0. C. JiCIMiJf, Editor u4 rblkt L'ANSE, MICHIGAN. HEVSOF AWEEK TERSELY OUTLINED A SUMMARY OF TBS HOST IM PORTANT EVENTS AT HOME AND ABROAD. TOLD IN CONDENSED FORM Complete Review of Happenings of Greatest Interest from All Farts - of the Globe The Lateet Foreign Information. CONGRESSIONAL NEWS. The Allison amendment to the rail way rate -bill, with many important concessions, is agreed to by the vari ous factions of the Republican scna tors, and the passage of the measure is believed to be sure. President Roosevelt sent to congress a message recommending the appropri ation of an additional 1500,000 for the relief of San Francisco earthquake suf ferers. Speaker Cannon was the guest at a teceptlon given him by his colleagues In the house of representatives in hon or of his seventieth birthday, May 7, Congressman Fobs defeated an effort In the notice to strike out an appropri ation for the naval station at Lake Bluff. MISCELLANEOUS. Startling revelations of the Stand- - ard Oil company's alleged bribery of railroad employes in order to leurn secrets of competitors' shipments were brought out before the interstate com merce commission at Chicago. Courtiers and spectators, other than , members of the national parliament, V , led the cheering, when the czar deliv ered his speech, but the members were ominously silent, expressing neither approval nor disapproval. What rankled most was the failure of the emperor to mention amnesty. A boiler at Brown Brothers' tile factory, Crawfordsvllle, la., exploded, two workmen were killed and the plant was wrecked. During the voyage of the steamer FatiUa from India to Suva, Fiji Islands, 124 coolies were taken sick with cholera and CI died. Officers of Wesleyan college, Mount Pleasant, la., have been notified that Andrew Carnegie will give $25,000 on condition that $75,000 bs raised. Counsel for Mrs. Duke filed an ap peal at Trenton, N. J., carrying to the court of errors and appeals the di vorce granted to her husband, James B. Duke. A Luke Erie freight engine struck and instantly killed Herbert, the' 12-year-old son of Brad O. Bryant of Al exandria, Ind. The boy was trying to catch a ride. Three hundred attended the opening of the Southern Illinois Odd Fellows' ) Rennlon association at Carbondale, 111., at which Grand Master William R. Humphrey spoke. By an explosion In a rolling mill f the Dupont Powder works at Wil mington, Del., William McCrea was Instantly killed and James Camac was so badly hurt that his death is ex pected. At the request of Acting Secretary Newberry, underline direction of the president. Rear Admiral ' Converse, chief of the bureau of navigation, who will go on the retired list May 13, Ban consented to remain in that office. AdJL Gen. Scott has Issued an order accepting the resignation of Gen. JameB B. Smith as brigadier general commanding the Fourth brigade, Illi nois national guard. Col. Edward C. Toung succeeds him., State Bank Examiner Peter G. I V Cameron, who took charge of the Co lumbla Savings and Trust bank at Pittsburg, said that there was no shortage or defalcation and that the depositors would probably be paid In full. The Rev. Henry Sewell, for 52 con secutive years a Methodist preacher, died at Evansville, Wis.. He was 73 years old. Jeremiah Murphy, aged C9 years, a wealthy St. Louis pork packer, died at his home from a complication of dis eases. Mr. Murphy Is survived by a widow and five sons. . The bank of Thornton, Iowa, owned by J. D. Barlow and G. L. Ehlers, made an assignment for the benefit of Its creditors., D. II. Houston, Inventor of the ko dak, died at Fargo, N. D. Besides in venting the original of the modern kodaks, he bred to a high standard what is known as blue stew wheat, winning prizes at Paris, St. Louis, Portland and other expositions. Smallpox has broken out in a chil dren's home near Sterling, III. Nearly ' every Inmate is said to be afflicted. Charles L. Spier, confidential agent ' and the only, man who had the com plete confluence of Henry H. Rogers, the actire hood of 'the Standard Oil company, , was killed almost Instantly , In his home in New Brighton, Stated ' Island, by a snot from his own re , "". volver. : v' Thomas W. Lawson has decided to ' ' dispose of bis kennel of dogs, and will sell them at the Readvllle trotting . track Tuesday, May 22. The daughter of H. O. Havemeyer, the sugar king, was lined $20 by a . ew Jersey justice fir speeding her auto. ' ,She borrowed money to pay the fijne. , While seeking a free ride, Herbert Bryant, 12-year-old son of Brad O. Bryant, of Alexandria, Ind., was In stantly killed, ; - W. J. Bryan In a letter to Col. Mose Wet more, of St Louis, states be will do nothing to secure another nomina tion and will not be a candidate un less circumstances demand it. Revolutionary movements' or elec tion troubles in Panama, which In any way interfere with work on the canal zone justify the Interference of the United States in support of the Panama government Such: is the tenor of the instructions .sent to Gov. Magoon by Secretary Taft. W. H. Sylvester, president of the First National bank, of Montezuma, Ind., was shot and killed in his home by his brother, whose mind is believed to be affected. Mrs. Jefferson Davis, widow of the president of the southern confederacy, Is dangerously ill of the grippe in New York. As Mrs. Davis is nearly 80 years old, it is feared that the attack may be fatal. Senator Arthur P. Gorman, of Mary land, is critically 111 at his home In Washington. He has not been in his scat in the senate for many months. Charged with having embezzled more than $100,000, Edwin S. Green field, head clerk of the banking and brokerage firm of Harrison Snyder & Son, of Philadelphia, has made a' full confession and is doing everything possible to assist the firm In straight ening out its tangled books. Rev. "Algernon S. Crapsey has been found guilty of heresyby the Episco pal ecclesiastical court before which he has been on trial for his opinions con cerning the virgin birth and resurrec tion of Christ and the nature of the Trinity. Robbers held up the Imperial Lim ited on the Canadian Pacific railroad near Kamloops, and rifled the mail car. . The yncht Nahma, with Mrs. Robert Goelet on board, in entering the har hor at Venice, collided with an Italian war ship and both vessels were dam aged. A band of Salvadors. long-haired re ligious fanatics known as "Fuzzy Wuzzles," looted the town of Malasita, in the province of Pangaslnan, P. I. Eugene N. Foss, of Boston, vice president of the Reciprocity league. . addressed the American Association of Commerce and Trade at Berlin, urging reciprocity between the United States and Germany. The relchstag passed a bill taxing automobiles from two to ten marks per horse power. The Viceroy of Canton has paid to the American consul at Canton, $60, 000 as Indemnity for the mission buildings and property of missionaries destroyed during the rioting nt Leln chow In October last. R. M. Snioot, who was in the plot to kidnap President Abraham Lincoln and who Bold to John Surratt the boat with which it was intended to convey Lincoln acrosi the Potomac died at Fort Smith. Ark. aged 73 years. Fire damaged the Masonic temple at Indianapolis to the extent of $15,000 and caused a total loss of $25,000, Raper commandery and several blue lodges lost their paraphernalia, Shortly before the time for the Co lumbia Savings and Trust company, of Pittsburg, to open its doors for busi ness Wednesday word was received from the state commissioner of bank ing, ordering the bank ciosed. The order was at once obeyed. Victor L. Gangelln, for many years city editor of the Milwaukee Herald and one of . the well-known German newspaper men of Wisconsin, died at his home in Milwaukee A. C, Bentley, editor of the PIkeT7' w,th a hatchet- nd then took P1 County Times and former secretary of the Democratic state central commit tee, died in Springfield, 111., of apo plexy, In the first American women's chess congress, at New York, Mrs. Charles P. Frey, of New York, won the cham plonshlp, while Mrs. Frank W. Lynn of Chicago, was placed second, and Mrs. M. Wilkinson-Robert Shaw, of New York, third. The marine strike which has tied up lake traffic for ten days was de clared off and 20,000 dock laborers re turned to work The eighty-first annual meeting of the American Tract society was held In New York, when William Phillips Hall, was elected president, to succeed Gen, O. O. Howard. The court at Pana. III., held J M, Mosby to the grand Jury for swapping wives, . Paris strikers still number 110,000, but there is no disorder. The house of commons called upon the British government to sound the powers as to a plan for armament re duction. Moses Haas, arrested at the in stance of the government In connec tion with the cotton leak, was dis charged. The announcement by insurance companies that Frisco losses will soon be paid created Interest In the de vastated city. F. Wenham, formerly of Chicago, ar. rested In New York on the charge of using $56,000 of the Canadian Pacific railway's money, was discharged. - A syndicate has been formed to fur nish $50,000,000 for rebuilding San Francisco. ' , After carrying on negotiations for nearly three months, the subcommit tees representing the anthracite mine workers and operators of eastern Penn sylvania agreed to continue the award, of the strike commission for another three years. Serious rioting occurred at Lemberg. Gallcla, arising out of political ani mosity. In the conflict between the police and a mob several workmen were killed and several were injured on both eides. I Chancellor Day of Syracuse unlver slty flayed President Roosevelt for so called anarchism in attacks on corpor ations and courts. The Standard Oil company con tinues to violate the anti-trust laws of Ohio, declares Attorney General Ellis, despite the decree of the su preme court of Ohio, which In 1899 compelled the Standard Oil company to reorganize, cancel all Its trust cer tificates, and put all property In Ohio into the hands of the Standard Oil company of New Jersoy. The construction bureau of the navy is willing .to . undertake the .building of a 20,000-ton battleship in 48 months. The dam of the Crlvltz Paper A Pulp company at Marinette, Wis., was carried out and the town is flooded with five to ten feet of water. Farm ers lose heavily in stock drowned. James Henderson's house was nearly washed away and bis family forced to flee. ' - Hundreds of pigs, cows and chickens were drowned. - Vesuvius is again showing consider able activity. A dense column of smoke is rising from the crater, accom panied by loud detonations and elec trlcal discharges. The main crater Is discharging sand and cinders. Charles F. McKenna, former Judge of the United States court in Porto Rico, denied at Pittsburg the story that he borrowed $800 from a litigant A dispute between Mrs. Joseph Jef ferson and her children over a part of the estate left by the actor, amount ing to $229,000, which the children seek to obtain from their mother, Is taken Into court John Marshal, a poor blacksmith of Marshall, Mich., while digging a hole at the rear of bis house, found a yel low metal which a chemist declared to be gold. W. F. Dunham,, former president of the Chlcugo Numismatic society, paid $2,1C5 for a Ave dollar piece dated 1822. Mrs. Edward P. Massa, wife of a foreman In Ohio Brass works, and Lo renzo D. Frasher, a prominent con tractor, were shot to death In the wom an's house at Mansfield, O. Chairman Shonts in a report to the secretary of war says tleup of Panama canal work is menaced by indecision over type of water way. Dr. T. B. Sachs, of Chicago, speaking at the Jewish charity conference in Philadelphia, declared that 100,000 lives annually could be saved by prop er methods of combating consumption. Gov. Pardee, of California, an nounced he would give five days' warning before discontinuing legal holidays. ,! A blizzard did great damage through out Wisconsin, excepting along -the Lake Michigan shore. Judge Wright at hearing at Belvl dere, 111., proposed to place manage ment of Zlon In hands of a committee of three. Mayor Thomas A. Combs, of Lex ington, Ky., announced that he would close the saloons on Sunday, and keep them closed if he bankrupted the city. The steel rail requirements of the Pennsylvania Railroad company for its lines east and west of Pittsburg for 1907, as determined by President Cas satt. are 180,930 tons. Eva Bullls, seven-year-old daughter of Davis Bullls, of Brighton, Mich., was shot dead while silting in a chair In the kitchen of Claude Newman by bis six-year-old daughter. An Englishman named Frazer was sentenced at Vienna to two years at hard labor for representing himself to be the son of Joseph Letter, of Chi cago, and drawing checks in Mr. Let ter's name on London bankers. Near Brlnley's Station, O., Isaac Mackey, aged 65 years, split the skull of his brother, David Mackey, aged Eon. An Ashtabula, O., hen has been per forming the feat of laying two eggs a day for a week. The superintendent of the Ashtabula Bethel church vouches for this statement. ( Elmer Ellsworth, a potter of War ren county, Illinois, has discovered the secret of making genuine china from American clay. Judge Henry C. Hyde, prominent an a lawyer, was found dead in bed at Freeport, 111. He was 70 years old. Max Judd, of national reputation as a chess player, died suddenly In his room at St. , Louis from angina pec toris. . The police of Barcelona discovered an anarchistic conspiracy. There have been 16 arrests and eight bombs have been seized. ' A man was stabbed to death In an electorlal disturbance at Doulon, near Nantes, France. Umpire Tim Hurst struck Manager Griffith, of New York, In game at Highlanders' park. ' Mayor Helskell, of Knoxville, Tenn., swore to having paid Reese .. Galyon $125 for holding an honest election. Fourteen passengers were injured when a coach of the Cape May express on the Jersey & Seashore railroad overturned on a curve near Camden, N. J., and burned. It is estimated that the failure of the Traders' Fire Insurance comnanr leaves an Indebtedness of at least $1,- 500,000 to policyholders for unearned premiums. Under favorable conditions 50 per cent, of these claims will be paid. Harry McCarthy, 18 years old, of Sharon, Pa., died in the hospital as a result of injuries received. in a boxing bout Congressman' Longworth and wife. with two friends, were arretted by Cincinnati police for auto scorching. A fierce student riot ocmrred In Champaign, 111., in which the Wolker opera house was ' wrecked, the police station battered with bride and stones, the chief of police overcome. and the mayor narrowly escaped death br the hub o. a wagon wheel .hurled through a transom at the police sta tion.' METHODS OF STANDARD TO CRUSH RIVALS Startling Revelations of Corruption Are Brought Out at Hearing of Charges : Before Interstate Commerce Commission at Chicago. Chicago. Revelations of the intrigue and trickery by which the greatest cor poration in the world is alleged lo maintain its complete supremacy were laid before the interstate commerce commission In Chicago in the hearing of the charges against the Standard Oil company. In brief, the points brought out dur ing the day by the witnesses follow: Independent trade was secured through fake companies, apparently working in opposition to Standard Oil, and Independent dealers were driven to the wall through systematic price cut ting on the part of dealers backed by the Standard. Through special secret freight rates, one-half the open rate, the trust was able to control most of the trade with out price cutting. Through the suborning of local oil Inspectors Inferior oil- was distributed and competitors were put at a disad vantage. Different brands of oil were sold from the samo barrel at different prices. Railroad employes were bribed to give the Standard information concern ing shipments of competitors. Payment of compensation to the Santa Fo railway for oil transported by the Standard pipe line was 'demtd by President Ripley of the former. Commission in Session. The evidence was heard by commis sioners Clements, Prouty and Coekrfell sitting in the district court room of the federal building. The presentation of the testimony was conducted by the commission's coun3el, J. T. Marcha.id, and F. S. Monnett, former nt'omcy general of Ohio. Attorneys John S. Miller and Alfred D. Eddy appeared for the Standard Oil company, while other attorneys were Gardiner Lathrop and Thomas R. Mor row, representing the Santa Fe rail way; John M. Baldwin and Brode B. MAP SHOWING PIPE LINES LAID BY THE STANDARD OIL COMPANY. NEW "i7i" atrsa Davis, representing the Union Pacific, and W. H. Lyford and S. F. Andrews, the Illinois Central. A 'Stubborn resistance to the Investi gation is being made by the Standard. Attorney Miller deputed the authority of the commission to go into the ques tion at issue. , The concrete Instances of the meth ods by which the trust succeeded In stifling competition were furnished to the commission by Maywood Maxon, of Decatur, 111., a former district manager for the Standard Oil com pany. Mr. Maxon's exposure of the Standard's policy In regard to local competition was complete. To show the intimate relations of the trust with the railroads. Attorney Monnett began by asking Mr. Maxon concerning the passes he and his sub ordinates had. "I had 17 or 18 annuals," replied the witness. "So did seven or eight of my agents. The passes were Is sued on the account of the Union Tank Line company and saved us a total of about $300 railroad fare each month. It was the sarnie in the other districts in Indiana, Illinois and Ohio." "Fake" Republic Company. - The witness was asked to describe apparently independent companies which the Standard organized to wrest business from the independent oil dealers. "Well," raid Mr. Maxon, "you see there was some of the trade which was opposed to buying oils of the Standard, and bo . the Republic Oil company was organized by the Stand ard people to get that trade.", "Were there any more of these fake companies?" asked Mr. Monnett. "Yes; there , was the Paragon Oil Seek' Sherriek's Release. Indianapolis, Ind. Attorneys for Da vid E. Sberrlck, former state auJi'or, convicted of embezzlement and now serving a sentenco of from two to 14 years, in the stare prison, Thursday filed In the supreme court a brief sup porting their petition for supersedeas in the reviewing of the Sherrick case. The brief alleges that Louis Held, one of the Jurors, was prejudiced against the defendant. Sherriek's re lease Is sought pending the" review, of his case by the court ' I--- r ;-ra i SSiLST, I jl company at Decatur and the Banner Oil company at Springfield, which later became Kercher Bros., and still later the Springfield Oil company. My brother, John Maxon,. was man ager of this company at different times. This went on from 1899 to 1905." "What were the methods of the fake companies In getting the trade?" asked the attorney. "We canvassed a town from house to house and located every consumer of independent oil." said Mr. Maxom. "Then the lists of the dealers were Bent to headquarters. I employed five girls to make this canvass In De catur. They made a list of the inde pendent dealers, which I sent to Charles Kercher with Instructions to get their trade away from them by any means and at any cost." Make Lamp Burn Smoky. "What were the means employed?" "One way," explained the witness, "was to visit each consumer and tell hlra that the Independent oil ho was using was Inferior. The agent would prove this by lamp tests. By the sim ple trick of regulating the amount of air which reached the flame he could make the Independent oil burn smoky and the Standard oil clean and bright. That's easy to do with the same oil in each lamp. In the course of time we would win over most of these housekeepers, and the independ ent dealers would have to come back into line or lose their business per manently. "At Paris, 111., the Standard agent left the service because an Independ ent got the majority of the dealers. Under the orders of Charles T. Col lins, second vice president of the Ken tucky company, I started out to get that trade back. I sent a man to Paris to arrange to get a dealer to sell oil for five cents a gallon to the consumer. This was arranged. The i sv 1 auvsws current price was then 10 cents to the retail trade, but we made the price to this one dealer five cents, and he sold it at cost." Send Around a Rebate. "How could he make a living at that rate?" asked the attorney. "Well," said the witness, "once a month we sent a man around who gave the dealer a rebate of one cent a gallon on all the oil he bought. V.'o paid for his advertising also." . "What happened to the Independent yon were fighting?" "I finally bought his plant, dis mantled It, and had it shipped to an other point." "How long did it take yon it wreck him?" "One year." "Then what happened to the price of oil?" "It went back from five cents to the price it was before the Independent cut In." Mr. Maxon said the same thing took place at Urbana and Vandalla. There were other means employed to crush competition. "Every town of Importance," said the witness, "has one dealer who holds the greater part of the trade. If an Independent gets this dealer he can put oil Into that town In carload lots and compete with the Standard. To meet this situation I would send a man to this dealer who would assure him of the Standard's deep interest in his welfare, in proof of which senti ment the company would allow him one-half cent rebate on every gallon of oil he should buy. This would win him. Without his shipments the re mainder of the dealers would be un able to command carload rates. The result was that (heir business was ruined and the Standard got It all." Florida Water Kills Indians. Rosethorn, Sask. Two more In dians dead ' and six In a erloi condition. This is the latest re velopment in the Florida water trag edy on the Duck Lake Indian reserva tion. " Many Die of Cholera. Sidney, N. Sv W. During the voy oge of tho Steamer Faukla from India to Suva, Fiji Islands, 124 coolies were taken sick with cholera and 01 died. tejli There la no Rocherte 8alte3ium, Lime or Ammonia In f cod mad wltfc SlULiLJE NOT IX THE BAKING FQWPER TRUST It makes puro food. IN OTHER LANDS. An electric railway will probably soon connect Moscow with St. Peters burg. In tho insane asylums of Germany more than a thlrfi of the patients owe their condition to strong drink. Last year there were 39,211 millions matches sold In France, bringing into that nation's treasury $5,216,950, this being a state monopoly, i A man of SO, elected adjudge for Frutigen, Switzerland, is to go through a university course in order to enable him to pass the examination require J by law. A proposal to enact that no newspa per shall be edited, composed or print ed from Saturday midnight until sun rise on Moriday t lornlng, has been negatived in the French senate. Denmark holds the record among nations for thrifUness. Her inhabit ants have, oji an average, 10 9s. apiece in the savings banks; English people have only 3 2s. a head. ; In Australian gold mines it is con sidered that ventilation becomes bad when the proportion of oxygen falls below 20 per cent., or less than 70 cubic feet of air a minute is supplied for every man working in a mine. The city of London's chief inspector of weights and measures reports that the weight of all loads of coal test ed last year was satisfactory, and that "In most cases he weight exceeded the amount specified on the ticket." One of the labor party's members ol the new house cf commons lately re ceived from a constituent who thought he had a grievance to which the gov ernment should give attention, a let ter of no less than 1,700 closely-written pages. FLOATING FACTS. Bank of England notes cost a half penny 8 piece to produce. The Church of k'ngland has an in come of 15,000,0u a year. In the Indian ocean only 730 out of 1G.300 Islands an inhabited. In Marrh l,64o Japanese left the Hawaiian Island-? lor the Pacific coast A watch taken to the top of Mount Bianc will gain CO seconds in 24 hours A ray ol light could move eight times around tin &lobe between the tick of a watch. Rain Is never known to fall in the region between t lie first and second cataracts of the Nile. Never In the history of parliament have tb3 lull nunior of members beeu present at one silting. ' Wood intended to be made into pianos requires to be kept 40 years to be in pel red condition. It, Is estimated that 80,000.000 worth of British treasure lies sunk along lc route from England to India There are more accidental death from drowning eery year In most countries than from any other cause, MATING GARTJ OF BIRDS. The gnatcatche.r isaa dull brown bird, but In the spring his plumes turn a beuutiful green) Thus the warrior bird of Germany puts on for the nuting season a ruff tif many bright hues, while the female dons a cape ot white. The grebe's wedding-dress is'tw? tus of brilliant b'.ue feathers. They stand like horns upon his head. They enhance his beauty greatly. . The flre-weaver'a wedding dress U tn? most splendid of all. . This bird, sober fellow In the winter, wears, when he takes a wife, a dress of bright red. Preparing to Get Even. "Yes," he said, "1 wish to adopt a girl." "A little girl?" "No, a girl old enough to have en ergy and perseverance, and one who has had enough experience with the piano to make her think she knows how to play. And if she thinks she can sing, why, so much the better. I tell you I am going to get even with the people In the next flat, even if I have to adopt two musical prodigies." Llpplncott's Magazine. (SolumoU Poudcr TRANSFORMATIONS. Curious Results when Coffee Drink ing Is Abandoned. ' ' It is almost as hard for an old coffee toper to quit the use of coffee as It is for a whisky or tobacco flend to break off. except that the coffee user can quit cot fee and take up Postum Food Coffee without any feeling of a loss of the morning beverage, for when Postum l; well boiled and served with cream, it is really better In point of flavor than most of the coffee served nowadays, and to the taste of the connoisseur it Is like the flavor of fine Java. A great transformation takes place in the body within ten days or two week after coffee Is left off and Postum Food Coffee used, for the reason that the poi son to the nerves has been discontinued and In its place Is taken a Hqnld that oontains the most powerful elements of nourishment t , It Is easy to make this test and prove these statements by changing from cof fee to Postum Food Coffee, ' 'There's a reason." ... ' ' - ;Tv'."; -- isJU-Unfft art.