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Use kerosene oil for scaly legs.
Green cut bone, let us repeat. makes bens lay. . Poultry like variety in food, Just like bumans. Old bens are better than pullets for hatching rjurnoses. Cleaner quarters for the poultry will lessen the bacterial troubles. It Is not wise to plant too many va rieties If you are to do commercial or chardlng. number of bacteria to be found In the milk at the next milking. uui out ine star ooaraers irom your herd. Many a cow does not pay for Its keep. Silage Is not considered suitable feed for the brood mare, being too laxative. Remember, too much care cannot be given to the selection and preparation of seed. While cattle may be successfully grazed on rape. It Is better for sheep and hogs. Look hard after those rubbish heaps which have accumulated about the house and barn. . As a general principle It Is better to hold to one breed and to patiently breed up for better layers and strong er birds. As a farmer's seed is so shall his crop be, for be cannot get away from the solemn fact that whatsoever he aoweth, that shall be also reap. It is not the cattle on a thousand hills, but the cattle on our own one hill which should be our chlefest con cern. Paint woodwork of horse manger "with tar to stop gnawing. The tie Tope may also be smeared with the tar If the horse is in the habit of biting it If the money some folks spend in sowing wild oats could be used in sow ing tame oats, what a profitable crop xnlght be harvested. ' Don't accept as final authority In management and treatment of poul try the instructions of numerous ad vertising poultry books. f When the farmer has progressed far enough to see the wisdom of us ing a pure-bred sire he will be con tent no longer with the old slip shod methods. I To alve that boy the best education you can in the line of business he is to follow is to give him an equipment (or life which he will appreciate more and more as the years unfold. ' No farmer's son who is to follow the high calling of his sire should be denied the fullest preparation which the agricultural college can give him lor his life's work. , During the days you cannot do any thing else Improve the moments in replenishing the woodpile. The rush of spring work prevents such work. Shame to make it necessary for the women folks to chop the fuel. i ', Prof. Forbes, Illinois state entomol ogist, has no word of commendation ;for the English sparrow, but he esti- ' matca mat uie uiuauumaift u mu iu- jMct destroyer is worth 90 cents a (year to the farmer. Worth protecting, Jdon't you think? What kind of poultry shall one keep? That aepenas. 11 you are rais ing poultry for market you want the table fowl; if for egg production you .want some one of the great laying breeds; if for family use only, you want the general purpose fowL By careful breeding the Maine ex periment station has Increased the average yield of its hens from 120 eggs per year to 144 eggs per year. No female has been used in the breed ing pens for six years whose mother did not lay at least 160 eggs in her pullet year. No males have been used as breeders unless their mothers laid above 200 eggs per year. j The feeding' of the heifer la an Im portant factor In developing her dairy qualities. The food should be rich in lash to make bone and rich In protein to make muscle and blood. If fed too xnnch starchy food, such as corn, the fat habit is formed and once this ten 4ency is developed it Is hard to r- rent her from putting the 'increase on her back instead of into the palL Cora stover and straw as roughage will necessitate the feeding of a more expensive grain ration than would be the case if better fodder were used. Is the ground feed you buy largely made up of ground fiber with little nutritive qualities? Examine it care fully and see. Lots of humbug in ground feeds. Plant hogs and grow rich, is the, ad vice that the Colorado agricultural col lege is giving many farmers in that state. The advice is good for other states, too. r Angora goats are becoming a con siderable factor in farm statistics. The American Angora Goat-breeders' association reports 1,000,000 goats now in the United States with an output of fleece last year valued at $750,000. Durum wheat has come in for more attention in the market centers, ow ing to large purchases being made by Russia.-' Several million bushels of this wheat , have been borght of late for shipment to Russia, Ever have stock standing near a wire fence struck by lightning? Good plan is to ground the wire of such fence every eight or ten rods. All perpendicular wires should connect with horizontal wires and reach moist ground. , You are foolish if vou disDose of th lambs that are half finished, that are not fat enough to be desired by butch ers and are not wanted by buyers or feeders. They are eure to bring low prices and you can finish them on the farm much better than allowing them to be sold in the half-finished state. The discussion is still going on In some of our leading farm journals as to the relative merit of the large or Bmall farm. A determined factor in the question is the man who works the farm. The man with the large ability will do better on the large farm, and the man of small ability will find the small farm will pay best To become a successful dairy man, capable of meeting the demands of the modern dairy one should attend one of the agricultural schools where the dairy business can be studied in detail. If the young man already has a fair practical knowledge of the busi ness so much the better, for he will more readily grasp the real value and Import of the latest scientific meth ods. Squab breeding statistics show that the price of three dollars per dozen for squabs has been a high average during the past year. While it Is true that they have commanded high er prices than this in winter, this is Just the tlmo that they are difficult to raise. Go slow In your invest ments in the business. Work up from small beginnings. After weaning the pigs they should be pushed along as rapidly as pos sible by giving them bone making feed and a grass plot to graze on. If one has not milk with which to mix the ground feed the addition of the five to ten per cent tankage will grow them about as well and make Just as large a pig for age as If fed mUk,' and at little expense. Mix all feed quite thickly. "Wall, now, what I can't teach thet boy about farming," remarked the old farmer, "ain't worth his while bother Ing about Why, hain't I been farm ing fo' the last fo'ty years, and I have made it pay, too. I got along with out all this experimentln and flgurln' and the'rlzln', and I guess he kin do th' same. The old farm is the best skule fer him. He's been to the dee strict skule and that's enuf." Thank goodness, this class of farmer is grow ing beautifully less. If the churn is used dally it should be cleaned at least once a week with sal soda or the clear liquid from slacked lime, to remove the grease which always soaks Into the wood, oven though very hot water is used on the churn. After cleansing use two hot water washings, and do not rinse with cold water. Before using the churn rinse with cold water, which will fill up the pores of the wood and prevent the escape of odors Into the cream. Are you careless about the way In which the manure is handled upon your farm? These facts ascertained by experiment by the Cornell univer sity ought to arrest your attention and make you consider your wasteful methods. Four thousand pounds of ordinary . manure from the horse stables, worth $2.74 per ton for the plant food it contained, were exposed in a pile out of doors from April 21 to September 22 (less . than Ave months), but at the end of that time the total weight bad decreased fo 1.730 pounds, and that was worth only $2.34 per ton. In other words, , the value of this pile of manure was re duced from $5.48 to $2.03 during five months' exposure. In another ex periment manure exposed for six months lost 68 per cent of its dry matter and 43 per cent of its plant food value. In this case the fresh manure was worth $2.27 a ton, while the rotted manure was worth $3.01 a ton, but the loss In total weight and in plant food was such that for each ton originally worth $2.27 there remaining only $1.30 worth after six months' exposure. HOME-MADE LAND ROLLER. One Which Will Do Good 8ervlce In Pulverizing the 8oll. With four old mowing machine wheels, with the earth slugs cut off, an axle and a elckle bar, a very satisfac tory roller can be made after the man ner shown in the accompanying illus tration. One-half inch holes were drilled every four inches, about the outside rim of each wheel. Two by four oak planks three feet six Inches long with half-Inch holes bored close to the end, .were bolted on the old mowing machine wheels, being careful not to let the two by four project over the edge of the wheel. . In the center an old sickle bar with guards off was used with a twoJnch hole in the center. The ends were turned half around to fasten to the frame. This bar was placed between the two sections of the roller. The Roller from Mowing Machine Wheels. ends of tho center shaft were inserted in boxes In the two outside pieces of the frame, which was made of four by four hardwood material. Four two by eight planks were used for the front and rear of the frame. A platform was made on which the seat was attached by taking an. old wagon tire and bending it in position shown. Platfoim was placed on these bars and an old mowing machine seat bolted for the rider. An old mowing machine tongue was used for the tongue on the roller. When a roller Is. devised in this manner, says Prai rie Farmer, it is much easier for a team to turn around than is the com mon log roller. TREATING GRAIN FOR SMUT. How It Is Bene with Formaldehyde Solution. For the benefit of those who have not already treated seed grain for smut with formaldehyde, I will state my experience In doing so, writes a correspondent of The Farmer. Three years ago I had 300 bushels of wheat that was so smutty that I could not sell it at the elevator but had to grind It and rse it for hog feed. I did not buy different seed the follow ing year but treated the grain I had In the following manner and it cleaned It so effectively that very little emut Is to be found .in the grain now. I made a solution as the directions with the formaldehyde stated. In a barrel about half fu';l or more with water. By having a board Blant onto the edge of ' the barrel and placing the drip ping sacks on the board, the solution which drips from them will all run back into the barrel. By having two coarse sacks,-one submerged in the barrel and . trie other on the board dripping, It dees not take very long to treat though grain for the following day's seeding, thus giving it one day's time to dry. 1 consider this less work than sprinkling and shoveling and far surer of getting all the grain treated. Have also treated oats with very good results. I treat oats the same way only they hare to be stirred more on the floor and left longer to dry as It Is very difficult to sow swollen oats. I also believe In cleaning all seeds in the best possible way, but if they are found to contain foul seed it is safest not to use it for seed at all. From costly experience I have learned the old saying to be true: "As we sow so shall we nap.". Growing Better Corn. Now for a better stand of corn, Over much of the corn belt it is es tlmated thfct not more than two-thirds of a stand of corn Is secured. The fault Is largely with the seed. It Is not graded or sorted so that the plant er will drop uniformly. ' It is surprls ing how tf any different shape kernels are found on a single ear, and when all of these are put into the planter boxes the best you can expect is un even drois. Not only use good seed. but size It so hat two, three or four kernels & ay be dropped in 95 bills out of 100. Hate Faith In the Farm. , . Mako farming a business. Put money. aitd brains into the farm with the expectation that it will return a profit To manage a farm in a half hearted way, being afraid to Invest a dollar 4n Improvements or to apply sufficient fertilizer for fear that it will not pay, is a sure way of having one's fears realized. If the effort is made to make the farm better year by year It Is pretty certain to be a success. Don't Waste. The manure made from fattening iteers Is too valuable and much too costly to permit waste. Keep the sheds well bedded so that as much of the manure as possible will be saved. Too often feeding is done out of doors and every rain or' thaw drains away great streams of costly fertiliser. 8top these drains. IRISH POTATOES. p. Methods of Planting and Cultivation of the Crop.'. I prefer a sandy loam for potato land, writes an Illinois farmer in Orange Judd Farmer. This to be at its best should contain a good supply of well-rotted humus, furnished either by turning under a sod or growth of vegetation of some kind, or by a lib eral application of barn yard manure. I generally select the piece of land for potatoes the fall previous to the spring the crop is to be planted, in order to give it a dressing of well rotted manure if It Is not already rich enough. It is then plowed. If early potatoes are desired, a fair Job of getting them in may be done by elm ply running furrows the proper dis tance apart as early in the spring as the soil can be decently turned, dropping the seed In the bottom of the furrow and covering them by run ning another furrow alongside the first one and throwing the dirt over them. If the soil in which one is obliged to plant his potatoes is such that it runs together or packs badly during the winter, nothing may be gained by fall plowing. With soil of this. kind, to get an early start In the spring one should not apply the manure in the fall or during the winter and leave it upon the surface, as it holds frost and moisture and prevents early plowing. Neither should the draw ing out of the manure be left until spring, as a few days' delay then may make the difference between a paying crop and one that does not All things considered, a piece of land that had a good supply of hu mus given It the year previous to the one It is used as potato ground is the best Experience teaches me that fresh manure, even sod, is apt to produce scab or other diseases, on the tubers. ' I am fully persuaded that it is much more profitable for me to use good sized potatoes for seed rather than small ones. ' When' the former are used, I cut as nearly as possible to pieces having two eyes each, when small tubers are used I cut off, the seed end. - When late potatoes are desired, it Is hardly possible to get the land In too good condition. It should be plowed and harrowed and disked till It Is so fine that each piece of seed will He in a bed of mellow earth and have a fine covering of the same. The object In raising early potatoes Is to get tubers, as early as possible, big enough to pass In the market; in late potatoes, a good yield of large, smooth tubers, is desired and to get these the ground must be In the best shape possible when planted. In selecting the land, in deciding upon the variety and whether to raise early or late potatoes, one must be fore hand determine upon his market and plan to meet its requirements it he would have his venture successful. 8TILE FOR STONE WALL. Convenient Steps for Crossing from One Field to Another. This Is made much like a step-ladder, except for the hand railing. The four side pieces are of plank cut the same length, and long enough to come well up above the wall. The hand rail ing is made of five strips of board, nailed together as shown in sketch. The upright strips set on the ground, and extend far enough above the stile to make the hand rail convenient for anyone walking up and down the steps. The center upright standard, explains Farm and Home, is set as close as can be to the stone wall on one side or Steps to Cross Wall. the other and then, nailed securely In place to the frame of stile. The end standards for hand rail are nailed se curely to stile frame, near the bot tom. Land for Goat Raising. In a general way, all land in the United States except very low, swampy tracts, are suitable for goat raising. The feed that goats prefer Is browse with a small admixture of weeds and grass, and therefore those tracts burdened with brushwood and briers are' especially desirable. The fact makes it clear that in the colder parts of the country It would be neces sary to provide some feed in winter, as nothing but the soft twigs remain at that time as browse. Goats will eat grass if required to do so, and will thrive upon It but grass land is regarded as being so much more profitable for hay production or as pas-' ture for cattle and sheep that the plac ing of goats upon it is not to be con sidered. G. F. Thompson, ' United States Department of Agriculture. Prime Butchers. : Hogs that will grade as prime butch ers, either heavy, medium or light must be perfect In quality, ideal la form, and must show much evidence of ripeness la condition as well as maturity. ' PLANTING VM-WtadMitiwIMMSfrn. Fortkildraa him, Mlm tk nma. nimem t S.Mm.lkm, alljf ra,caw wtad toiln, 3ohnll There is some good,, even In those who appear at the worst - PUTNAM FADELESS DYES cost but 10 cents per package and color more goods faster and brighter colors. There is always room for a man of force, and he makes room for many. Lewie' Single Binder .the famous straight Be cigar, always best quality. Your dealer or Lewia' Factory, Peoria, HI. All eartniy joys go .less to tne one Joy of doing kindness. Geo. Herbert A Natural Remedy Garfield Teal It Is made of simple Herbs. Take it fer consti pation, indigestion, sick-headache: it reg ulates the liver, purifies the blood, brings Good Health. The average woman seems to think she Is responsible for all her hus band's Joys, but that all his sorrows are due to his own foolish actions. It Cures While You Walk. ' Allen's Foot-Eae is a certain cure for hot, sweating, callous, and swollen, aching feet. Sold by all druggixts. Price 25c. Don't accept any substitute. Trial package FREE. Address Allen S. Olmsted. Le Roy. N. Y. Long-Lived Bishops. Prelates and bishops are certainly what Insurance men pall "good risks," no matter what the form of their faith. Still active are the Methodist Bishop Bowman at 90, the Episcopal Bishop Huntington at 88, the Catho lo Archbishop Williams at 85, the Catholic Bishop McQuald at' 84 and the MethodiRt Bishop Andrews at 82. A Big Bargain tor 12 Cents Postpaid. Tha vear of 1906 was one of prodigal s lenty on our seed farms. Never before id vegetable and form seeds return such enormous yields. Nov we wish to gain 200,000 new cus tomers this year and hence offer for 12c postpaid I pkg. Garden City Beet lOe 1 " Earliest Ripe Cabbage 10c 1 " Earliest Emerald Cucumber.... 15c 1 M La Crosse Market Lettuce 15c 1 " 13 Day Radish.... 10c 1 " Blue Blood Tomato 15c 1 " Juicy Turnip 10c 1000 kernels gloriously beautiful flow er seeds . 15c ' "Total .....$1.00 All for 12a postpaid in order to intro duce! our warranted seeds, and if yon will send 16c we will add one package of Berliner Earliest Cauliflower, together with our mammoth plant, nursery stock, vegetable and farm seed and tool catalog. This catalog is mailed free to all in tending purchasers. ' Write to-day. John A. Salzer Seed Co., Box W, La Crosse. Wis. Wages Good "Smellers" Earn. There are several trades which pro vide men and women with good liv ing simply because they enjoy an ex ceptionally keen sense of smell, says the London World. Scentmakers, for example, need some one with a very delicate sense of smell to aid them In mixing the Ingredients of perfumes in proper proportions. Queen Alex andra's favorite perfume violet costs 10 per ounce bottle, and it has to run the gauntlet 'of five pro fessional "smellers" before it is passed as boing correctly blended and ready for her majesty's use. Some of the leading firms of per fume makers pay their "smellers" from 4 to 7 a week. .Contractors for the lighting of streets, large pub lic buildings and pleasure ' grounds very often engage "smellers" to find escapes of gas, one shilling. being gen erally paid for each escape reported. ! Some of these men frequently make over 3 In a single week, the result being that In many cases the fee has been : reduced to 9d. per escape re ported. ' , . FIFTEEN YEARS OF ECZEMA. Terrible Itching Prevented Sleep Hands, Arms and Legs Affected Cuticura Cured In 6 Days. "I had eczema nearly fifteen years. The affected parts were my hands, arms and legs. They were the worst in the winter time, and were always itchy, and I could not keep from scratching them. , I had to keep both bands bandaged all the time, and at night I would have to scratch though the bandages as the itching was so severe, and at times I would have to tear everything- off my hands to scratch the skin. I could not rest or sleep. I had several physicians treat me but they could not give me' a permanent Cure nor even could they stop the itching. After using the Cuticura Soap, one box of Cuticura Ointment and two bottles of Cuticura Resolvent for about , six days the itching had ceased, and now the sores have disappeared, and I never felt better in my Jlfe than I do now. Edward Worell, Band 30th U. S. In fantry, Fort Crook, Nebraska," BUTTON THEIR OWN WAISTS. New York Women Have 8urmounted Great Obstacle. Marvelous as it may seem, , New York women have lately discovered a way of fastening their waists np the back without calling for assistance. Thought not lacking In generosity, they became so tired of the outstretched palm of the chambermaids that they now feel that it is time to guard their pockets. The Gotham woman discov ered that if she put her blouse on hind side before, with the sleeves hanging free, it could be fastened from top to bottom, with the excep tion of the hooks at the neck, and then turned around and the arms slipped into the sleeves without un duly straining the fastenings. So sim ple I , So strange that no one had thought of it before. Or is it possible other women have used the plan and meanly kept it to themselves T Will the. waist that buttons In the back sow have a new lease of life? ' Poor Paint is Expensive ' If one is rich enough to repaint hts buildings every year for the pleasure I of having a change of color scheme,' the quality of the paint used may cut little figure. But if it Is desirable to cut the painting bills down to the least amount possible per year, it is of the utmost importance that the paint be nude of Pure White Lead and the best of Linseed OiL There are imita tions in the form of alleged White Lead, and there are substitutes in the' form of ready-prepared paints. ... We guarantee our White Lead to be absolutely pure, and the Dutch Boy on the side of every keg is your safe- guard. Look for him. SEND FOR BOOK "A Tlk on Ftiat glM lnbl lufoft mattoa on th Mint uhjeot, 8tt if npoa nQMak . I NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY in hiKr af IU fallow '. ima nitimm tm xonil vo , KmrTork. Boaton. B"jlo. Cl!"?'". u- .1 rhl.M HI. Lonla. Phllxltil. nklJohn'T.Yrt.Bra.Oo.i Pltutmrs Dog's fclalm to Honor. When Capt Ronald Amundsen left San Francisco for the east he made special and particular arrangements for the transportation of his dog, of which he said: "This faithful dog, which Is attached to me almost as much as I am to him, is the only one of his kind to have made the north west passage." Gives Mark Twain Laurela, Prof. Lyon William Phelps, of Yale, In a recent lecture in Connecticut de clared that "Mark Twain Is easily ths greatest American novelist In the his tory of the country's literature." TWO YEARS IN BED Dr. Williams' Pink Pills Cured Stub born Rheumatism When Other, Treatment Gave No Relief. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have been curing the most stubborn cases oi rheumatism for nearly a generation and thousands of grateful patients have given testimony that cannot be ignored. Mr. Robert Odbert, a machinist, liv ing at 201 Cameron Street Detroit Mich., had a very distressing experi ence with rheumatism for about two years. He makes the following state ment: "About the year 1887 I felt the effects of rheumatism which gradually grew worse until I was compelled to give up work for a time. The years of '97 and '98 I was confined to my bed most of the time. I was under doctors' treatment but found no relief. My legs were swollen from the hips down ward and red blotches appeared all over them. Frequently they pained me so that I had to bind them tightly with strips of linen. This sometimes relieved the pain but at other times failed to do so. At times I had to crawl to my work, using two crutches. During these spells I suffered greatly from pain around my heart which I at trlbuted to the rheumatism.- "At last my mother wrote me and asked me to try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. I did and in a short time I found myself getting better and have had no trouble since. I may here add that I consider myself perfectly cured I have not had the least sign of the disease since and feel better now than I ever did. For these reasons I recommend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills to any one affected the same ss I was." Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold by all druggists, or sent by mall, postpaid on receipt of price, 50 cents per box, six boxes for $2.60,- by the Dr. Wil liams Medicine Co., Schenectady, N.Y. SIGH HEADACHE Positively cured by these Little rills, i They also relieve Dis tress from Dyspepsia, In-. digestion and Too Hearty Gating. A. perfect rem edy tor Dizziness, Nanaea. Drowsiness, Bad Taste tn the Mouth. Coated Tongue, Pain to tne Bile, TORPID LIVER. ' They regulate the Bowels, purely Vegetable. SHALL FILL SHALL DOSE. SHALL FF.'.CL Genuine Must Bear Fao-Simile Signature BEfUU SUBSTITUTES. To oonvlne e any woman thai Px- tlM Antlamttla will , 1 1 i l 4 improra ner neaitn 111 -1 do all we claim Wil I for It XV m will send her absolutely free a large trial box of Paztlne with hook of Instruc tions and genuine testimonials, fiend your name and addiea on a postal card. r m r n ra i enst i and neals J tnocous 'Jl Franca: factions, such as nasal eatarrh. prlrte eaiarrh and Inflammation eauaed by temV nine Ills a tor eyes, sore throat and month, by direct local treatment lU cur at! r power OTr these troubles is extra, ordinary and gives hnmadUta rellel Thousands of women are using at4 ren omntendlng it arery dT. bj eanta at d ru ri i o r b y ma IL r mb- t IT iu CS TOU KOTHliql JJtTI.. iHa b. raxxc co -- it. ICARTEI&I iVEh CARTERS JsfleLsl