Use kerosene oil for scaly legs.
Green cut bone, let us repeat.
makes bens lay. .
Poultry like variety in food, Just
Old bens are better than pullets for
Cleaner quarters for the poultry will
lessen the bacterial troubles.
It Is not wise to plant too many va
rieties If you are to do commercial or
number of bacteria to be found In
the milk at the next milking.
uui out ine star ooaraers irom your
herd. Many a cow does not pay for
Silage Is not considered suitable
feed for the brood mare, being too
Remember, too much care cannot be
given to the selection and preparation
While cattle may be successfully
grazed on rape. It Is better for sheep
Look hard after those rubbish heaps
which have accumulated about the
house and barn.
. As a general principle It Is better to
hold to one breed and to patiently
breed up for better layers and strong
As a farmer's seed is so shall his
crop be, for be cannot get away from
the solemn fact that whatsoever he
aoweth, that shall be also reap.
It is not the cattle on a thousand
hills, but the cattle on our own one
hill which should be our chlefest con
cern. Paint woodwork of horse manger
"with tar to stop gnawing. The tie
Tope may also be smeared with the tar
If the horse is in the habit of biting it
If the money some folks spend in
sowing wild oats could be used in sow
ing tame oats, what a profitable crop
xnlght be harvested.
' Don't accept as final authority In
management and treatment of poul
try the instructions of numerous ad
vertising poultry books.
f When the farmer has progressed
far enough to see the wisdom of us
ing a pure-bred sire he will be con
tent no longer with the old slip shod
I To alve that boy the best education
you can in the line of business he is
to follow is to give him an equipment
(or life which he will appreciate more
and more as the years unfold.
' No farmer's son who is to follow
the high calling of his sire should be
denied the fullest preparation which
the agricultural college can give him
lor his life's work.
, During the days you cannot do any
thing else Improve the moments in
replenishing the woodpile. The rush
of spring work prevents such work.
Shame to make it necessary for the
women folks to chop the fuel.
', Prof. Forbes, Illinois state entomol
ogist, has no word of commendation
;for the English sparrow, but he esti-
' matca mat uie uiuauumaift u mu iu-
jMct destroyer is worth 90 cents a
(year to the farmer. Worth protecting,
Jdon't you think?
What kind of poultry shall one
keep? That aepenas. 11 you are rais
ing poultry for market you want the
table fowl; if for egg production you
.want some one of the great laying
breeds; if for family use only, you
want the general purpose fowL
By careful breeding the Maine ex
periment station has Increased the
average yield of its hens from 120
eggs per year to 144 eggs per year.
No female has been used in the breed
ing pens for six years whose mother
did not lay at least 160 eggs in her
pullet year. No males have been
used as breeders unless their mothers
laid above 200 eggs per year.
j The feeding' of the heifer la an Im
portant factor In developing her dairy
qualities. The food should be rich in
lash to make bone and rich In protein
to make muscle and blood. If fed too
xnnch starchy food, such as corn, the
fat habit is formed and once this ten
4ency is developed it Is hard to r-
rent her from putting the 'increase on
her back instead of into the palL
Cora stover and straw as roughage
will necessitate the feeding of a more
expensive grain ration than would be
the case if better fodder were used.
Is the ground feed you buy largely
made up of ground fiber with little
nutritive qualities? Examine it care
fully and see. Lots of humbug in
Plant hogs and grow rich, is the, ad
vice that the Colorado agricultural col
lege is giving many farmers in that
state. The advice is good for other
states, too. r
Angora goats are becoming a con
siderable factor in farm statistics.
The American Angora Goat-breeders'
association reports 1,000,000 goats now
in the United States with an output of
fleece last year valued at $750,000.
Durum wheat has come in for more
attention in the market centers, ow
ing to large purchases being made by
Russia.-' Several million bushels of
this wheat , have been borght of late
for shipment to Russia,
Ever have stock standing near a
wire fence struck by lightning? Good
plan is to ground the wire of such
fence every eight or ten rods. All
perpendicular wires should connect
with horizontal wires and reach moist
You are foolish if vou disDose of th
lambs that are half finished, that are
not fat enough to be desired by butch
ers and are not wanted by buyers or
feeders. They are eure to bring low
prices and you can finish them on the
farm much better than allowing them
to be sold in the half-finished state.
The discussion is still going on In
some of our leading farm journals as
to the relative merit of the large or
Bmall farm. A determined factor in
the question is the man who works
the farm. The man with the large
ability will do better on the large
farm, and the man of small ability
will find the small farm will pay
To become a successful dairy man,
capable of meeting the demands of
the modern dairy one should attend
one of the agricultural schools where
the dairy business can be studied in
detail. If the young man already has
a fair practical knowledge of the busi
ness so much the better, for he will
more readily grasp the real value and
Import of the latest scientific meth
ods. Squab breeding statistics show that
the price of three dollars per dozen
for squabs has been a high average
during the past year. While it Is
true that they have commanded high
er prices than this in winter, this is
Just the tlmo that they are difficult
to raise. Go slow In your invest
ments in the business. Work up
from small beginnings.
After weaning the pigs they should
be pushed along as rapidly as pos
sible by giving them bone making
feed and a grass plot to graze on. If
one has not milk with which to mix
the ground feed the addition of the
five to ten per cent tankage will
grow them about as well and make
Just as large a pig for age as If fed
mUk,' and at little expense. Mix all
feed quite thickly.
"Wall, now, what I can't teach thet
boy about farming," remarked the old
farmer, "ain't worth his while bother
Ing about Why, hain't I been farm
ing fo' the last fo'ty years, and I have
made it pay, too. I got along with
out all this experimentln and flgurln'
and the'rlzln', and I guess he kin do
th' same. The old farm is the best
skule fer him. He's been to the dee
strict skule and that's enuf." Thank
goodness, this class of farmer is grow
ing beautifully less.
If the churn is used dally it should
be cleaned at least once a week with
sal soda or the clear liquid from
slacked lime, to remove the grease
which always soaks Into the wood,
oven though very hot water is used
on the churn. After cleansing use
two hot water washings, and do not
rinse with cold water. Before using
the churn rinse with cold water,
which will fill up the pores of the
wood and prevent the escape of odors
Into the cream.
Are you careless about the way In
which the manure is handled upon
your farm? These facts ascertained
by experiment by the Cornell univer
sity ought to arrest your attention
and make you consider your wasteful
methods. Four thousand pounds of
ordinary . manure from the horse
stables, worth $2.74 per ton for the
plant food it contained, were exposed
in a pile out of doors from April 21
to September 22 (less . than Ave
months), but at the end of that time
the total weight bad decreased fo
1.730 pounds, and that was worth only
$2.34 per ton. In other words, , the
value of this pile of manure was re
duced from $5.48 to $2.03 during five
months' exposure. In another ex
periment manure exposed for six
months lost 68 per cent of its dry
matter and 43 per cent of its plant
food value. In this case the fresh
manure was worth $2.27 a ton, while
the rotted manure was worth $3.01
a ton, but the loss In total weight
and in plant food was such that for
each ton originally worth $2.27 there
remaining only $1.30 worth after six
HOME-MADE LAND ROLLER.
One Which Will Do Good 8ervlce In
Pulverizing the 8oll.
With four old mowing machine
wheels, with the earth slugs cut off, an
axle and a elckle bar, a very satisfac
tory roller can be made after the man
ner shown in the accompanying illus
tration. One-half inch holes were
drilled every four inches, about the
outside rim of each wheel. Two by
four oak planks three feet six Inches
long with half-Inch holes bored close
to the end, .were bolted on the old
mowing machine wheels, being careful
not to let the two by four project
over the edge of the wheel.
. In the center an old sickle bar with
guards off was used with a twoJnch
hole in the center. The ends were
turned half around to fasten to the
frame. This bar was placed between
the two sections of the roller. The
Roller from Mowing Machine Wheels.
ends of tho center shaft were inserted
in boxes In the two outside pieces
of the frame, which was made of
four by four hardwood material. Four
two by eight planks were used for
the front and rear of the frame.
A platform was made on which the
seat was attached by taking an. old
wagon tire and bending it in position
shown. Platfoim was placed on these
bars and an old mowing machine seat
bolted for the rider. An old mowing
machine tongue was used for the
tongue on the roller. When a roller
Is. devised in this manner, says Prai
rie Farmer, it is much easier for a
team to turn around than is the com
mon log roller.
TREATING GRAIN FOR SMUT.
How It Is Bene with Formaldehyde
For the benefit of those who have
not already treated seed grain for
smut with formaldehyde, I will state
my experience In doing so, writes a
correspondent of The Farmer. Three
years ago I had 300 bushels of wheat
that was so smutty that I could not
sell it at the elevator but had to
grind It and rse it for hog feed. I
did not buy different seed the follow
ing year but treated the grain I had
In the following manner and it cleaned
It so effectively that very little emut
Is to be found .in the grain now. I
made a solution as the directions with
the formaldehyde stated. In a barrel
about half fu';l or more with water.
By having a board Blant onto the edge
of ' the barrel and placing the drip
ping sacks on the board, the solution
which drips from them will all run
back into the barrel. By having two
coarse sacks,-one submerged in the
barrel and . trie other on the board
dripping, It dees not take very long to
treat though grain for the following
day's seeding, thus giving it one day's
time to dry. 1 consider this less work
than sprinkling and shoveling and far
surer of getting all the grain treated.
Have also treated oats with very good
results. I treat oats the same way
only they hare to be stirred more on
the floor and left longer to dry as It Is
very difficult to sow swollen oats. I
also believe In cleaning all seeds in
the best possible way, but if they are
found to contain foul seed it is safest
not to use it for seed at all. From
costly experience I have learned the
old saying to be true: "As we sow so
shall we nap.".
Growing Better Corn.
Now for a better stand of corn,
Over much of the corn belt it is es
tlmated thfct not more than two-thirds
of a stand of corn Is secured. The
fault Is largely with the seed. It Is
not graded or sorted so that the plant
er will drop uniformly. ' It is surprls
ing how tf any different shape kernels
are found on a single ear, and when
all of these are put into the planter
boxes the best you can expect is un
even drois. Not only use good seed.
but size It so hat two, three or four
kernels & ay be dropped in 95 bills out
Hate Faith In the Farm. , .
Mako farming a business. Put
money. aitd brains into the farm with
the expectation that it will return a
profit To manage a farm in a half
hearted way, being afraid to Invest
a dollar 4n Improvements or to apply
sufficient fertilizer for fear that it will
not pay, is a sure way of having one's
fears realized. If the effort is made
to make the farm better year by year
It Is pretty certain to be a success.
The manure made from fattening
iteers Is too valuable and much too
costly to permit waste. Keep the
sheds well bedded so that as much of
the manure as possible will be saved.
Too often feeding is done out of
doors and every rain or' thaw drains
away great streams of costly fertiliser.
8top these drains.
Methods of Planting and Cultivation
of the Crop.'.
I prefer a sandy loam for potato
land, writes an Illinois farmer in
Orange Judd Farmer. This to be at
its best should contain a good supply
of well-rotted humus, furnished either
by turning under a sod or growth of
vegetation of some kind, or by a lib
eral application of barn yard manure.
I generally select the piece of land
for potatoes the fall previous to the
spring the crop is to be planted, in
order to give it a dressing of well
rotted manure if It Is not already rich
enough. It is then plowed. If early
potatoes are desired, a fair Job of
getting them in may be done by elm
ply running furrows the proper dis
tance apart as early in the spring as
the soil can be decently turned,
dropping the seed In the bottom of
the furrow and covering them by run
ning another furrow alongside the
first one and throwing the dirt over
If the soil in which one is obliged
to plant his potatoes is such that it
runs together or packs badly during
the winter, nothing may be gained by
fall plowing. With soil of this. kind,
to get an early start In the spring
one should not apply the manure in
the fall or during the winter and
leave it upon the surface, as it holds
frost and moisture and prevents early
plowing. Neither should the draw
ing out of the manure be left until
spring, as a few days' delay then may
make the difference between a paying
crop and one that does not
All things considered, a piece of
land that had a good supply of hu
mus given It the year previous to the
one It is used as potato ground is
the best Experience teaches me that
fresh manure, even sod, is apt to
produce scab or other diseases, on the
I am fully persuaded that it is much
more profitable for me to use good
sized potatoes for seed rather than
small ones. ' When' the former are
used, I cut as nearly as possible to
pieces having two eyes each, when
small tubers are used I cut off, the
seed end. -
When late potatoes are desired, it
Is hardly possible to get the land In
too good condition. It should be
plowed and harrowed and disked till
It Is so fine that each piece of seed
will He in a bed of mellow earth and
have a fine covering of the same.
The object In raising early potatoes
Is to get tubers, as early as possible,
big enough to pass In the market; in
late potatoes, a good yield of large,
smooth tubers, is desired and to get
these the ground must be In the best
shape possible when planted.
In selecting the land, in deciding
upon the variety and whether to raise
early or late potatoes, one must be
fore hand determine upon his market
and plan to meet its requirements it
he would have his venture successful.
8TILE FOR STONE WALL.
Convenient Steps for Crossing from
One Field to Another.
This Is made much like a step-ladder,
except for the hand railing. The
four side pieces are of plank cut the
same length, and long enough to come
well up above the wall. The hand rail
ing is made of five strips of board,
nailed together as shown in sketch.
The upright strips set on the ground,
and extend far enough above the stile
to make the hand rail convenient for
anyone walking up and down the steps.
The center upright standard, explains
Farm and Home, is set as close as can
be to the stone wall on one side or
Steps to Cross Wall.
the other and then, nailed securely In
place to the frame of stile. The end
standards for hand rail are nailed se
curely to stile frame, near the bot
tom. Land for Goat Raising.
In a general way, all land in the
United States except very low,
swampy tracts, are suitable for goat
raising. The feed that goats prefer
Is browse with a small admixture of
weeds and grass, and therefore those
tracts burdened with brushwood and
briers are' especially desirable. The
fact makes it clear that in the colder
parts of the country It would be neces
sary to provide some feed in winter,
as nothing but the soft twigs remain
at that time as browse. Goats will
eat grass if required to do so, and
will thrive upon It but grass land is
regarded as being so much more
profitable for hay production or as pas-'
ture for cattle and sheep that the plac
ing of goats upon it is not to be con
sidered. G. F. Thompson, ' United
States Department of Agriculture.
Prime Butchers. :
Hogs that will grade as prime butch
ers, either heavy, medium or light
must be perfect In quality, ideal la
form, and must show much evidence
of ripeness la condition as well as
Fortkildraa him, Mlm tk nma. nimem t
S.Mm.lkm, alljf ra,caw wtad toiln, 3ohnll
There is some good,, even In those
who appear at the worst -
PUTNAM FADELESS DYES cost but
10 cents per package and color more goods
faster and brighter colors.
There is always room for a man of
force, and he makes room for many.
Lewie' Single Binder .the famous
straight Be cigar, always best quality.
Your dealer or Lewia' Factory, Peoria, HI.
All eartniy joys go .less to tne one
Joy of doing kindness. Geo. Herbert
A Natural Remedy Garfield Teal It Is
made of simple Herbs. Take it fer consti
pation, indigestion, sick-headache: it reg
ulates the liver, purifies the blood, brings
The average woman seems to think
she Is responsible for all her hus
band's Joys, but that all his sorrows
are due to his own foolish actions.
It Cures While You Walk.
' Allen's Foot-Eae is a certain cure for
hot, sweating, callous, and swollen, aching
feet. Sold by all druggixts. Price 25c. Don't
accept any substitute. Trial package FREE.
Address Allen S. Olmsted. Le Roy. N. Y.
Prelates and bishops are certainly
what Insurance men pall "good risks,"
no matter what the form of their
faith. Still active are the Methodist
Bishop Bowman at 90, the Episcopal
Bishop Huntington at 88, the Catho
lo Archbishop Williams at 85, the
Catholic Bishop McQuald at' 84 and
the MethodiRt Bishop Andrews at 82.
A Big Bargain tor 12 Cents Postpaid.
Tha vear of 1906 was one of prodigal
lenty on our seed farms. Never before
id vegetable and form seeds return such
Nov we wish to gain 200,000 new cus
tomers this year and hence offer for 12c
I pkg. Garden City Beet lOe
1 " Earliest Ripe Cabbage 10c
1 " Earliest Emerald Cucumber.... 15c
1 M La Crosse Market Lettuce 15c
1 " 13 Day Radish.... 10c
1 " Blue Blood Tomato 15c
1 " Juicy Turnip 10c
1000 kernels gloriously beautiful flow
er seeds . 15c
' "Total .....$1.00
All for 12a postpaid in order to intro
duce! our warranted seeds, and if yon
will send 16c we will add one package of
Berliner Earliest Cauliflower, together
with our mammoth plant, nursery stock,
vegetable and farm seed and tool catalog.
This catalog is mailed free to all in
tending purchasers. ' Write to-day.
John A. Salzer Seed Co., Box W, La
Wages Good "Smellers" Earn.
There are several trades which pro
vide men and women with good liv
ing simply because they enjoy an ex
ceptionally keen sense of smell, says
the London World. Scentmakers, for
example, need some one with a very
delicate sense of smell to aid them
In mixing the Ingredients of perfumes
in proper proportions. Queen Alex
andra's favorite perfume violet
costs 10 per ounce bottle, and it
has to run the gauntlet 'of five pro
fessional "smellers" before it is
passed as boing correctly blended and
ready for her majesty's use.
Some of the leading firms of per
fume makers pay their "smellers"
from 4 to 7 a week. .Contractors
for the lighting of streets, large pub
lic buildings and pleasure ' grounds
very often engage "smellers" to find
escapes of gas, one shilling. being gen
erally paid for each escape reported. !
Some of these men frequently make
over 3 In a single week, the result
being that In many cases the fee has
been : reduced to 9d. per escape re
ported. ' , .
FIFTEEN YEARS OF ECZEMA.
Terrible Itching Prevented Sleep
Hands, Arms and Legs Affected
Cuticura Cured In 6 Days.
"I had eczema nearly fifteen years.
The affected parts were my hands,
arms and legs. They were the worst
in the winter time, and were always
itchy, and I could not keep from
scratching them. , I had to keep both
bands bandaged all the time, and at
night I would have to scratch though
the bandages as the itching was so
severe, and at times I would have to
tear everything- off my hands to
scratch the skin. I could not rest or
sleep. I had several physicians treat
me but they could not give me' a
permanent Cure nor even could they
stop the itching. After using the
Cuticura Soap, one box of Cuticura
Ointment and two bottles of Cuticura
Resolvent for about , six days the
itching had ceased, and now the sores
have disappeared, and I never felt
better in my Jlfe than I do now.
Edward Worell, Band 30th U. S. In
fantry, Fort Crook, Nebraska,"
BUTTON THEIR OWN WAISTS.
New York Women Have 8urmounted
Marvelous as it may seem, , New
York women have lately discovered a
way of fastening their waists np the
back without calling for assistance.
Thought not lacking In generosity, they
became so tired of the outstretched
palm of the chambermaids that they
now feel that it is time to guard their
pockets. The Gotham woman discov
ered that if she put her blouse on
hind side before, with the sleeves
hanging free, it could be fastened
from top to bottom, with the excep
tion of the hooks at the neck, and
then turned around and the arms
slipped into the sleeves without un
duly straining the fastenings. So sim
ple I , So strange that no one had
thought of it before. Or is it possible
other women have used the plan and
meanly kept it to themselves T Will
the. waist that buttons In the back
sow have a new lease of life? '
Poor Paint is Expensive '
If one is rich enough to repaint hts
buildings every year for the pleasure I
of having a change of color scheme,'
the quality of the paint used may cut
little figure. But if it Is desirable to
cut the painting bills down to the least
amount possible per year, it is of the
utmost importance that the paint be
nude of Pure White Lead and the
best of Linseed OiL There are imita
tions in the form of alleged White
Lead, and there are substitutes in the'
form of ready-prepared paints. ...
We guarantee our White Lead to be
absolutely pure, and the Dutch Boy
on the side of every keg is your safe-
guard. Look for
"A Tlk on Ftiat
glM lnbl lufoft
mattoa on th Mint
uhjeot, 8tt if
npoa nQMak .
I NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY
in hiKr af IU fallow '.
ima nitimm tm xonil vo ,
KmrTork. Boaton. B"jlo. Cl!"?'".
u- .1 rhl.M HI. Lonla. Phllxltil.
Dog's fclalm to Honor.
When Capt Ronald Amundsen left
San Francisco for the east he made
special and particular arrangements
for the transportation of his dog, of
which he said: "This faithful dog,
which Is attached to me almost as
much as I am to him, is the only one
of his kind to have made the north
Gives Mark Twain Laurela,
Prof. Lyon William Phelps, of Yale,
In a recent lecture in Connecticut de
clared that "Mark Twain Is easily ths
greatest American novelist In the his
tory of the country's literature."
TWO YEARS IN BED
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills Cured Stub
born Rheumatism When Other,
Treatment Gave No Relief.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have been
curing the most stubborn cases oi
rheumatism for nearly a generation
and thousands of grateful patients
have given testimony that cannot be
Mr. Robert Odbert, a machinist, liv
ing at 201 Cameron Street Detroit
Mich., had a very distressing experi
ence with rheumatism for about two
years. He makes the following state
ment: "About the year 1887 I felt the
effects of rheumatism which gradually
grew worse until I was compelled to
give up work for a time. The years
of '97 and '98 I was confined to my bed
most of the time. I was under doctors'
treatment but found no relief. My
legs were swollen from the hips down
ward and red blotches appeared all
over them. Frequently they pained
me so that I had to bind them tightly
with strips of linen. This sometimes
relieved the pain but at other times
failed to do so. At times I had to
crawl to my work, using two crutches.
During these spells I suffered greatly
from pain around my heart which I at
trlbuted to the rheumatism.-
"At last my mother wrote me and
asked me to try Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills. I did and in a short time I
found myself getting better and have
had no trouble since. I may here add
that I consider myself perfectly cured
I have not had the least sign of the
disease since and feel better now than
I ever did. For these reasons I
recommend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
to any one affected the same ss I was."
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold by
all druggists, or sent by mall, postpaid
on receipt of price, 50 cents per box,
six boxes for $2.60,- by the Dr. Wil
liams Medicine Co., Schenectady, N.Y.
Positively cured by
these Little rills, i
They also relieve Dis
tress from Dyspepsia, In-.
digestion and Too Hearty
Gating. A. perfect rem
edy tor Dizziness, Nanaea.
Drowsiness, Bad Taste
tn the Mouth. Coated
Tongue, Pain to tne Bile,
TORPID LIVER. ' They
regulate the Bowels, purely Vegetable.
SHALL FILL SHALL DOSE. SHALL FF.'.CL
Genuine Must Bear
To oonvlne e any
woman thai Px-
tlM Antlamttla will
, 1 1 i l 4 improra ner neaitn
111 -1 do all we claim
Wil I for It XV m will
send her absolutely free a large trial
box of Paztlne with hook of Instruc
tions and genuine testimonials, fiend
your name and addiea on a postal card.
r m r n ra i enst
i and neals
factions, such as nasal eatarrh. prlrte
eaiarrh and Inflammation eauaed by temV
nine Ills a tor eyes, sore throat and
month, by direct local treatment lU cur
at! r power OTr these troubles is extra,
ordinary and gives hnmadUta rellel
Thousands of women are using at4 ren
omntendlng it arery dT. bj eanta at
d ru ri i o r b y ma IL r mb- t
IT iu CS TOU KOTHliql JJtTI..
iHa b. raxxc co -- it.
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