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O 0.; THE L'ANSE SENTINEL. "BIG DITCH" NOW Removal of Gamboa Dike Means End of Work Is Near. WATERS OF OCEANS MEET Pint 8teps Are Taken Toward De atructlon of Big Embankmsnt Which Holds Gatun Laka Out of Culebra Cut. , " Colon, Panama, Oct. 1. The climax 9f oine years of untiring work on the part of the men who have been build ing the Panama canal came today when the waters) of Gatun lake wero permitted to run for the first time Into the Culebra cut This simple operation marked the virtual comple tion of the great Isthmian waterway. The water was permitted to flow Into the cut today through four 211 Inch pipes extending through the Gamboa dike, which has held the waters of the lake back from the cut. This was done in order that there may bo enough water in the cut to prevent any damage when the dike is finally removed. The final destruction of the big dike Is scheduled for October 10, when charges of dynamite placed in holes already drilled in the dike will be ex ploded. The explosion of these charges will not completely destroy the dike, but will weaken it and loos en the . dirt so that the force of the waters from Gatun lake will carry It away. Steam shovels will remove the remnants of the dike, leaving an open passageway from ocean to ocean. Canal Rsally Complete Now. Although the canal will not be offi cially declared completed for Some time, and the formal opening of the waterway to the commerce of the world more than a year distant, the canal engineers look upon the de struction of the Gamboa dike as mark ing the real completion of the canal. The big engineering feats have all been accomplished, the excavation . work practically has been completed. This picture gives a view of the great expanse of water now gradually filling the Panama canal, which is alnnst ready for the admission of the big hips. To look at tho picture one would think that the canal was finished. The embankments that flank the channel, the broad expanse of water and the MIraflores locks in the distance are Just as they will be when the open ing of the canal takes place. This Is the only photograph received up to the present time which shows the canal as it will appear at the opening of the big waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. ni fhn ereat blocks have' been con strUcted. TbeVork that remains to be done is largely detail, and Is but child's play as compared with that which has been done. More dirt is to be removed from the channel, but this will be done with suction dredges floating upon tho waters of the canal. There still remain some finishing touches to be placed upon the locks, but this work will take comparatively little time and presents no engineer ing difficulties suc! as have been en countered In the past The fact that the canal stands prac tically complete more than a year be fore the time originally set as the date for Its completion is one of the remarkable features of the work. When Count de Lesseps, the great French engineer, abandoned his ef forts to build the Panama canal after eight years of labor, he had scarcely made a beginning upon the gigantic task. In nine years, the American engineers, starting almost at the same point as de Lesseps, for the latter's work was of little value to the Ameri cans, have vlrtuaHy completed the undertaking. When the work was started the world scoffed at the Idea that It could be completed within the time limit set. but hats are now off to the American army engineers who hate more than kept their word, de- To Avoid Counterfeiting. In the production of their notes, the Bank of England authorities' chief aim is to issue a note which la impossible for anybody to counter feit Toward this end, all the parts ef the note the paper, the water mark, the Ink, the engraving, the printing are prepared and done In a special, and. as far as possible, se cret manner. At the mills where the paper Is manufactured the most stria gent precautions are taken to pre nnt tnr of 9 paper bs" toleo- spite unforeseen difficulties that haw beset them at every hand. (-, Gotthals to Make Final TeBt-'f) The first vessel to pass through the canal probably will be a .boat of the Isthmian canal commission, Col. George W. Goethals, chairman of the commission and chief engineer of the canal, and his principal assistants. The final voyage through the canal It scheduled for some time during this month. Within another month It is expected the waters In Gatun lake will have risen high enough to bring the waters in the entire canal up to the deep water level required for the passage of the largest ships. ' It Is said that as long ago as the early part of August, assurances were given Washington officially that if the emergency should arise, the entire Atlantic battleship fleet could be put through the canal Into Pacific waters within 60 days from that date. The work has been hurried with that end in view, it is said, as no emergency has existed, but this assurance Is an4 - Indication of the belief of the engl neers that their work is now practical ly finished. Culebra Cut Caused Trouble. The excavation of the Culebra cut. Into which tho water has Just been turned, has been one of tho engineer ing feats connected with the building of tho canal, and has caused the en gineers more trouble than any oth er portion of the big "ditch." To Col. D. D. Galllard, the engineer "of the central division, is given the credit for carrying this portion of the work through to a successful termina tion. The disastrous slides In the cut were discouraging to tho engineers, nullifying in a few hours the work of many weeks, but Colonel Galllard and his assistants have kept untiringly at their work, and at last have conquer ed th treacherous banks of the deep cut. The engineers believe that the danger of slides will be eliminated now ttut the water has been turned into the cut A little more than a month ago the giant steam shovels finished their work in the Culebra cut Since that time the workmen have been busy removing the shovels', the railroad tracks and other machinery used In the excavation work. There Is still some dirt to be removed from the cut before the channel Is finished, but this work will be done by suction dredffes floatinc on the waters of the canal, afnd will not interfere with nav igation of the waterway by such boats as may be allowed to pass through. Immense Artificial Lake Created. Gatun lake, the waters of which are now flowing into the Culebra cut, Is the pivotal point about which the en tire canal system revolves, and the creation of this lake, together with the construction of Gatun dam, consti tuted another gjreat engineering feat In the construction of the canal. Gatun lake Is an artificial body of water covering about 164 square miles of territory and was created by the building of the immense Gatun dam and the Impounding of the wild wa ters of Chagres rivor. Deneath the waters of Gatun lake lies what a few months ago was the valley of the Chagres, dotted with native villages and plantations. The channel of the canal passes through this lake for a distance of 24 miles with a width vary ing from COO to 1,000 feet At the northern end of the lake Is the Gatun dam, which is in reality an artificial ridge more than a mile and a half long. Figures alone give an adequate Idea of the magnitude of tlits dam. Nearly half a mile wide at Its base, about 400 feet wide at the water surface, and 100 feet wide at the top, the dike which many engl- Of course, there have been many at tempted robberies, but only once, in the year 1S62, wero thieves success ful In obtaining any of the papor. Very shortly afterward forged notes were in circulation. The thieves did not enjoy the triumph long, for with in a short tlmothey were captured. Reading Between the Lints. To get the good of the library in the school of life you must bring Into It something bettev than a mere book ish taste. You must bring the poser neers' predicted would never with stand the rush of the .Chagres' wa ters, is admitted! now to) be so strong that nothing short of - an earthquake such as has never been known in tee Central American region can harm it. The Gatun dam, Gatun lake and the Culebra cut, so gigantic are the proportions of each, dwarf the other engineering works of the canal that in themselves have challenged the admiration of the world. World Gives Goethals Credit. To Col. George Goethals, chairman of the Isthmian canal commission, chief engineer of the commission and governor of the canal cone, the world will give the credit for the successful completion of the Panama canal. Col onel Goethals could not have accom plished his task without the assist ance of such men as Col. H. K. Hodges, Lieut. Col. David Du D. Gall lard and Lieut. Col. William L. Slbert, army engineers, who have had, charge of various phases of the work, but Colonel Goethals Is recognized as the real builder of the canal Under Colonel Goethals the greater part . of the $375,000,000 which the canal will have cost when it is com pleted has been spent. It has been by far the costliest engineering project in the world. Nearly three-fifths of a billion dollars has been spent in dig ging a 40-milo "ditch." This means that the Panama canal has cost the United States $10,000,000 a mile. Over $16,000,000 of the total amount spent has been used to make the canal zone habitable and sanitary. It has been suggested, that this is an enor mous amount of money to spend in cleaning up a place In which few peo ple will reside permanently, but the engineers say that the sanitation of the canal zone was the chief factor In making the canal a reality. The tail ure of the French has been attributed to a large extent to the fact that the workmen could not survive in the fever and pest ridden country. The building of the great locks which raise a vessel to a height of S7 feet above sea level at one end of the canal and lower it the same dis tance at the other end, has been in charge of two of Colonel Goethals' assistants. Colonel Hodges and Lieu tenant Colonel Sibert. Colonel Hodges work in Installing the Immense lock gates that form so Important a part of the -operating machinery of the canal, and his ability to overcome all obstacles had led Colonel Goethals to call him a genius. The building, pels Ing and operation of the lock gates constitute one of tho delicate prob lems of lock canal construction, and the proper handling of this problem has been Colonel Hodges', contribu tion to the, work of constructlqn of the canal. Lieutenant Colonel Slbert has had charge of the building of the great dam and locks at Gatun, In addition to other duties. lie saw long, ac tive service In -the Philippines, and he is known In the army as a fight er as well as an engineer. His fight ing qualities have enabled him to carry through the great work of which he has had charge in the canal zone. Realize Dream of Centuries. Through the work of these men all of them members of Uncle Sam's fighting body the United States has been able to attain what has been in truth the dream of centuries. In nine years these men have carried through an undertaking that was first thought of several hundreds of years ago There Is evidence that the idea of an Isthmian canal was born as early as tho sixteenth century, for history re cords the fact that the Inquisition declared such a project to alter the face of the earth to be Impious and further .discussion of the matter was forbidden by Philip II. of Spain, whose reign began in 1S56. More than a cen tury later a Scotchman named Patter son revived the scheme, established a colony on the shores) of tho Isthmus, and made a crude survey of the route. The United States government first took definite action looking toward the construction of an Isthmian canal In 1834, when the senate voted for the building of a Nicaraguan canal. An expedition was sent to Nicaragua to make an investigation, and report ed that the canal could be construct cd for 125,000,000, hardly one-twentl eth of the amount that tho Panama canal will have cost when completed De Lesseps First to Dig. The matter rested until after the Civil war, when negotiations ror a canal commission were entered Into by the United States government Be fere anything had been accomplished the concession for a Panama canal had been given to Lucien Napoleon Banaparte Wyse, a Frenchman. He organized a company, which sold out later to the financiers associated with Ferdinand de Lesseps. The company organized with de Lesseps at Its head was the first one to actually begin op erations on the Isthmus. For eight year's de Lesseps struggled manfully against the greatest odds that man ever was called upon to face. Such was the history of the Isth mian canal project for some 300 or 400 years, until the day In 1904 when Uncle Sam undertook the task. In nine years the dream of the cen turies has been realized. to read between the lines, behind the words, beyond the horizon of the printed page. Philip's question to the chamberlain of Ethiopia was crucial: "Understandest thou what thou read est?" I want books not to pass the time, but to fill It with beautiful thoughts and Images, to enlarge my world, to give me new friends li the spirit, to purify my Ideals and make them clear, !o show mo the local color of unknown regions and the bright stars of universal truth. Henry Van Dyke. PYTHIAN KNIGHTS PUN GELEBHII THIRTY-SIX LODGES TO TAKE V PART IN THE GOLDEN v JUBILEE. WILL DEDICATE NEW TEMPLE Ceremonies to Take Place In Detroit on November 12 Initiation of Candidates at Damon Castle. Lansing. Arrangements for a golden iubllee to be hold In Detroit by 36 lodges In lower Michigan on November 12, in honor of the founding In tne United States of the Knights of Pythias, were made at a meeting of the general committee and the various branch committees in charge of the celebration. TYta nrlnclnnl fentlino f"he cele bration will be tho dedication by the supreme grand castle of i-he United States of the new temple of Wayne castle, at Cass avenue aud Hagg street. This ceremony will take placi at threo o'clock In the afternoon or November 12. Wayne castle, too. will be the gath ering place of the visiting delegates who, with members of Detroit caatleB, will parade through the principal streets in the downtown section of the city that night The initiation of candidates into the order will take place at Damon castle. Another meeting of the committees to complete details regarding the re ception of visitors and places in the parade will be held at Peninsular nau next Sunday afternoon. The Jubilee here will be part of a general celebration of the founding of the order to be held In every state In the union at various times between now and next February, which will mark the fiftieth year of the organiza tion's existence. s Alton May Head State Druggists. The nominating committee of the Michigan State Pharmaceutical asso ciation has arranged tho following ticket for the annual meeting begin ning In Grand Rapids: President D. D. Alton, Fremont; D. G. Look, Low ell; F, li.Pe.ters. Davidson. First Vice-President E. E. Miller. Traverse City; Charles Abell, South Haven; C. H. Frantz, Bay City. Second Vice President C. A. Weaver, Detroit; A. J. Huixinga, Holland; Van I. Witt, Grand Haven. Secretary Von W. Furnlss, Nashville. Treasurer R. A. Abbott, Muskegon; E. Dekruff, Grand Rapids; E. C. Varnuni, Jouesvllle. Executive Committee C. H. Jongejan, Grand Rapids; J. D. Gllleo, Pompeii; James Robinson, Lansing. Second Vacancy Grant Stevens, Detroit; F. Dullam, Flint, and G. 11. Knaak, St Joseph. Trustee of tho Prescott Me morial Fund J. W. T. Knox, Detroit. The nominating committee consists of C. M. Surtne aud Earl Dekruff, this city; A. J. Huicing, Holland; R. A. Abbott, Muskegon, chairman, anT J. II. Webster, Detroit. National Baptist Congress. The program of the National Baptist congress, which will be held in Grand Rapids November 11-13, was received here. It shows the names of some of the most prominent speakers and writers in the United States, and is as fol lows: Tuesday afternoon "Bergson's Phil osophy and Its Effect Upon Human Thought" writers Prof. Gerald B. Smith, Chicago; Rev. Clarence M. Gal lup. Providence, R. I.; speakers Prof. George M. Forbes, Rochester. N. Y.; President E. Y. Mulllns, Louisville, Ky. Tuesday night "The Moral and Re ligious Effect of the Feminist Move ment," writers R. A. Ashworth, Mil waukee; Mrs. Allyn K. Foster, Wor cester, Mass.; speakers, Rev. O. P. Gifford, Brookllno, Mass.; Mrs. An drew McLeJsh, Chicago. Wednesday afternoon "The Socio logical Interpretation of the Bible," writers Prof. Shirley J. Case, Chi cago; Prof. W. E. Rafferty, Kansas City, Kan.; Prof. C. H. Moehlman, Rochester, N. Y.; speaker Dean D. J. Evans, Liberty, Mo. Wednesday night "What is the Mission of the Church?" writers Rev. Washington Gladden, Columbus, Or.; Rev. Charles D. Williams, Detroit; Prof. Thomas C. Hall. New York city. Thursday afternoon "What Is the Best Method of Dealing With the Re ligious Life of Our Institutions of Higher Learning?" writers Rev. Henry F. Cope, Chicago; Rev. F. W. Padelford. Boston, Mass.; Tjvt. Fred Merrlficld, Chicago. Thursday night "The Need of Unc tion In American Preaching," writers, Prof. Theodore G. Soares, Chicago; Rev. L. A. Crandall, Minneapolis, Minn. Will Expel for Hazing at University. "Haze, and you leave college," was the ultimatum Issued by the student council of the University of Michigan. The student council Is a group of men chosen by the student body for Its government In so far as self-government Is permissible. The unlver-' Ity authorities refuse to countenance hazing, and have said that any stu dent caught would be expelled from the university. A special pommlttee under the direction of Albert Fletcher of Kalamazoo ban been appointed to deal with this problem. - Militiamen Not Protected by Act) Although .Secretary Drake of the Industrial accident board gave a ver bal ruling several weeks ago to the effect that members of the Michigan National guard are In reality state employes and as such are entitled to the protection afforded by the work ingmen's compensation and employ ers' liability law, Attorney General Fellows has rendered an opinion to the effect that the compensation law is not Intended to protect members of the militia, but.be points to an other statute which enables the board of wtato auditors to compensate na tional guardsmen In case of Injury. The decision resulted from the death of Ora Green, the Lansing boy who died as the result of injuries re ceived In the copper country while on duty with Battery A, First Michl gan Field artillery. It was thought that Green's widow would receive compensation from the state and that the case would be acted upon by the industrial accident board. However, Inasmuch as the compen sation act makes no mention of pro tecting the militiamen, Attorney Gen eral Fellows says that a law passed several years ago which authorizes the board of state auditors to com pensate the widow out of the general fund of the state treasury. This sec tion of the law provides that tho aud itors shall determine what shall con stitute a Just and reasonable j settlement It Is expected that tho matter will be taken up at the meeting of the board of auditors. In Wisconsin the Industrial accident board held that members of the national guard were covered by tho state compensation law, but Attorney General Fellows points out that if it had been the intent of the Michigan legislature to bring the national guard under the provisions of the act some provision would have been made to take care of an extraordinary liability shlch might result from a serious riot. To Unify Prison 8ystem. At a meeting of the Marquette club tho Michigan penological commission was organized. Those In attendance were Governor Ferris. O. H. I Wer nicke of the Jackson prison board, Al bert Stlckley and Jos. Robson of the Ionia board, W. H. Johnson, Ira Car ley and E. C. Anthony of the Mar quette board and Warden Russell of Marquette prison. The work of the commission will be done largely by six committees designated as follows: Legislature and investigation. Levi L. Barbour, Detroit; rules and classification. Otis Fuller, Ionia; James Russell, Mar quette; Nathan F. Simpson, Jackson; products and sales, Edward Frensdorf. Hudson; Ira Carley, Ingalls; Joseph H. Robson, Ovid; records and Identi fication, Dehull N. Travis of Flint; Henry Kinney, Bay City; Otis Fuller, Ionia; research and statistics, Alfred Locke, Ionia; Harry Coleman, Pon tlac; W. H. Johnson, Ishpeming; em ployment and compensation, James Russell, Marquette; Otis Fuller, Ionia: Nathan F. Simpson, Jackson. The committee named .Tackr.on as the next meeting place. Ferris May Call 1914 Session. Governor Ferris reiterated his declaration that there would be no special session of the legislature called to consider matters connected with the copper country Btrlke. "Hut does this mean there will bo no 1914 session?" the governor was asked. He replied: "I would not say that I was greatly interested In procuring passage of the blue sky law in tho regular session this year. This law is now being attacked on the ground that It is unconstitutional. If it wero ibVown out, I should feel like taking steps to have it made constitutional. Other conditions may arise that would make a 1914 session advisable. I should say that it is among the possibilities." To Evict Striking Miners. Eviction of the striking copper mtn ers from the Copper Range Consoli dated Mining company's houses wan made possible by legal proceedings brought before the Houghton county circuit court commissioner, the Jury decided that a striker had violated his company contract by refusing to work and is therefore liable to eviction from his home within thirty days. It was reported In Calumet that many of the Keweenaw county strik ers voted to go back to work. A large number are said to have ap plied for their old positions at tha Mohawk mine and the company Is preparing to reopen ono of its shafts Keweenaw county has been the hot bed of unionism and the report Is not credited by the federation leaders but others believe the Injunction against picketing and parading has broken the back of the strike In this locality. r The last of the First Infantry, 75 men and Captain Roebl. Lieutenants Brnce and Beaton of Detroit wll) leave for home. Major Bersey, Cap tains Dumas and Baskerville, the oth er Detroit officers doing strike senr Ice, will remain on the Job for a few days. Michigan Suffragists Gather. Officers of the Michigan Equal Suf frage association met In Jackson for the purpose of arranging for the an nual state convention which Is to be held In Jackson in November. Those in attendance were: Mrs. Clara B. Arthur, Detroit; Caroline Bartlett Crane, Kalamazoo; Mrs. James H. Blair, Hillsdale; Mrs. Hunt ley Russell, Grand Rapids; Mrs. Wil liam Blake, Grand Rapids; Mrs; C. O. Parnall, Jackson, and Mrs. .Jennie C. I Hardr: Tecumseh. FEMALE MAKES THE TR0U8LE Certainly In the Case of the MoaqwJtC They Are "More Deadly Than the Mate." . The attention of many of eur cttt tens who hitherto have taken little In terest In entomological investigation , has been attracted to what they bo lleve Is a new variety of mosenlto. a mosquito which In the course of evo J lutlon has lost Its bark, bat not it ; bite; that comes upon one unaware - without a musical accompaniment Whatever may be said against the lav sect it should be set down to Its red It that It takes its nourishment without music, declining to give that addition al smart to one's misery. This active, but diminutive specimen of the ge nus Culex, now at the close of snn mer, Is beginning a work that will continue until the .first sharp frost. As a matter of fact these mosquitoes"- that have had no difficulty In pushing- j . their way through the smallest mosh-'. ed wire screens are all females, and for that reason we hear no song. The males are larger, perhaps cannot make their way through tho screen, and re main outside, where they stag solos) or Join In numbers and give haUehv Jah choruses, and encourage the suf fragette sisters at their work Inside. The sisters have an insatiable thirst for blood, while the mouth of the mala mosquito is not equipped far biting and bo does not come into our bouse. While the sisters are Inside drinking blood the more temperate fathers of the family are outside sipping rain water. . Eye Alone Detects leebergs. There at present Is no absolute method of detecting Icebergs, except Captain C. E. Johnson and A- SL Gam ble of the cutters Seneca and Miami. which patroled the route of the trans atlantic liners from April to May. Captain Johnson refuted the preva lent theory that a sudden drop In tem perature meant the proximity of Ice bergs. Little or no change in tempera ture was noticeable, he said. Nor cms Icebergs, as generally supposed, be detected with any certainty by aua echo from a ship's whistle or bells. as, according to Captain Johnston a perpendicular berg may give an echo from some directions, but n slant lag face reflects the sound. About ninety per cent, of the Seneca's efforts te get echoes were futile. . The presence of. murres (a kind 01 auk), the officer declares. Indicated the presence of Icebergs, but ba ad vises mariners to pay no attention to other-birds. . Real Excitement. "Yes," said the meek-looking nan. "I've no doubt you've had some crest hunting experiences In your travels abroad." "I have, indeed." "Buffalo hunting" -Yes." "And bear hunting " "Of course." "Well, you just come arosod and lot my wife tako you house buxtllsg and bargain hunting with ber. Then you'll begin to know what real excite mtnt Is." Not Mercenary. "1 havo a friend who Just marries' for money." "Why, how disgraceful!" "No, not exactly. You see, he's a minister." Cornell Widow. Keeps It . "My hubby gone out every eventns for a constitutional." "Mln don't; ho keeps It la tbeN, house." ( ' 1 v.. It is a wasto of time to whitewash l character that could not be saved lif Ihick enamel. Germany gets by far tho largest portion of Its tin oro from Poll via. DIDN'T KNOW That Coffee Was Causing, Her Troebfa. So common Is the sse of coffee as n beverage, many do not know that it Is tuo cause of many obscure ails which are often attributed to other things. The easiest way to find oat tor one self is to quit the coffee lor & whilst at least, and note results. A VlrgJai lady found out la this waj, nod also learned of a new beverage that Is wholesome as well as pleasant to drink. She writes: "I am 40 years old and all my lire, up to a year and a half ngv I ' been a coffee drinker, "Dyspepsia, severe headache and heart weakness made me feel some times as though 1 waa about to' die. After drinking a cup or two of hot coffee, my heart would go like a clock without a pendulum. At other times ft would almost slop and 1 was so nerv ous I did not like te be alone. "If I took a walk for exercise, an soon as I was out of sight of the house I'd feel as If 1 was sinking, and this) would frighten roe terribly. My Baste would utterly refuse to- support sse. and the pity of it air was. I dhf net know that coffee was eauslng the trou ble. "Reading In the papers that snasnr persons were relieve of such all meat by leaving off coffee and drlnklns Ptost um, I got my hssbsad te bring bo sse a package. We made ft according to directions and I liked the first cap. tat rich, snappy flavor was dellcions. - "1 have been using Psstnza nhont ' eighteen months and te wj great Joy. digestion Is good, any serves sad heart are all right In fact 1 am a well wesson once more, thanks to Psstsns." Name given by Poitum Cet, Cettle Creek, Mich. Write for copy of the little book, "The Road te WeOvin. Postum comes In two forms: Regulsr Postum must be wa boiled. Instant Postum Is a soluble powdsc A tea spoonful dissolves quickly la s cup of hot water and, with erenna snsdj agar, makes a delicious beverage fts , ttantly. Grocers sell both kinds. "There's a reason' for Postssa. 1 .n ,1 : 1 .-V ; A " I ' n A) Ijir 1'