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UNITED PRESS Impartial Coverage of All Local Nows 82nd Y«or, No. 266 JAP CONVOYS FLEE U. S. BOMBERS Predict Hitler May Offer 'Foolish Peace' Next Fall late*** bulletins African Alarm DURBAN, NATAL, UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA, July 24 (Delayed)— (JP) —Durban, a sea* port of 150,000 population and third ranking Urban center with in the Union of South Africa, was under air raid alarm for an hour and 13 minutes tonight, but it was lifted at 8:28 p. m. without incident. Prussia Raided LONDON, July 25 (U.R) Radio Moscow reported today that Russian planes bombed Koenigsberg, in East Prussia, last night, starting 12 large fires and causing five heavy explo sions. Nazis Aid Japs BERLIN (From German Broadcasts), July 25 </P) German sailors have entered the Japanese merchant navy to help in the task of supplying the Or iental Axis partner, the German Radio said today. Villages Burned LONDON. JkW 25—The Nazis and thofr puppets of Cen tral Europe have begun the sys tematic burning of entire vil lages In an effort to halt grow ing Guerilla activitiy, it was re ported today. Cross Don MOSCOW, July 25—(/P)—Ger man forces screened by a heavy bombardment have established a hazardous bridgehead across the lower Don in the Tsimlyansk area and the invaders have wedged dangerously into Rus sian defenses at Rostov, 120 miles to the southwest, Soviet dispatches said today. Talk Shipping LONDON, July 25. (U.RV— Lewis Douglas, Deputy United States War Shipping Adminis trator, has arrived here to dis cuss the shipping situation with British officials, it was revealed today. He was accompanied by Richard Bissell, also of the Ship ping Administration. Acclaim Speech CHUNGKING, July 25.—(A*) —The Chinese press acclaimed today Secretary of State Cordell Hull’s Thursday night speech in which he promised maximum aid for the allies of the United States, but editorial writers as serted that the United Nations must seek to gain the initiative at once to achieve victory. Raid Airdrome CAIRO, July 25.—(U.PJ—Bri tish aircraft shot down two ene my planes, forced two other to crash in taking off and damaged more than 20 aground in two raids on the Axis air base at El Daba, west of the Alamein line, a communique said today. 'Move Quickly' SEATTLE, July 25. (A 5 ) Concerned with the military sit uation in the Aleutians, the 84- year-old Catholic Bishcp of Alas ka, the Most Rev. Joseph R. Cri mont, S. J., cautioned that “the United States must move quickly and in great strength.” Cut Off Retreat GEN. MCARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, July 25— (U.R)—The new Japan ese invasion forces in the Buna- Gena area of New Guinea, with «M transport sank, two disabled and the others withdrawing on* dor eenstaat allied air attack, nearly are eat off from retreat an army spokesman said today. THE DAILY Monitor JIH LEADER Unacceptable Terms Planned Benes Declares Czech President Joins Plea for Allied Second Front LONDON, July 25 (JP) President Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia's exiled govern ment, urging a second front in Europe in 1942, declared today that the Germans will offer peace to Britain, the United States and Russia by Oct. 15 if they do not score a decisive mil itary success by that time. “Foolish unacceptable terms” already are being prepared, he said in a talk to Czech soldiers. Benes spoke as ten London munitions workers, who said they represented 4,000 col leagues, took a petition to No. 10 Downing street, the resi dence of the Prime Minister, asking for a western front in Europe. Benes predicted that Hitler's peace offer would not be ac cepted and if the Russians hold out “and I think they will” —Germany would be exhausted by Spring. “How ‘long the war will last depends upon whether there is a second front in Europe this year,’* he continued. “I myself desire there should be one and am making endeavors to obtain this solution of the question. There is a certain risk connect ed with it but the risk next year will be greater • • • “If a second front can be es tablished within the next three months to divert a certain pro portion of the German forces from tj)e eastern front it is prob able that things will develop quickly and we might be home within a year.” Seeks Volunteers For Ration Work A request for volunteers for sugar rationing work during the Fall canning season was issued today. Those who can serve in Ma comb Township are asked to contact one of the following: Florence A. Rosso, Rt. 3, Mount Clemens; Robert Sawyer or H. rather than to attempt to obtan Koline. In Harrison Township, volun teers are asked to contact Louis H. Thoel, Rt. 3, Mount Clemens; Clare Patterson, Washington, or Mrs. Tesscner. Big American Bombers Bolster Grim Red Lines Garmons Knife Deeper Into Vital Don River Area BY CLYDE A. FARNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor After four weeks of their ma jor offensive action for 1942, the Germans have gained a foot hold on the southern, or deep Caucasus side of the lower Don river—a strategic line on which Russian forces have taken a stand to shield their southern contact with the allied world. United States bombers had be come a powerful bulwark of the Red Air Force in the battle of the Caucasus. An American source at Mos cow said that Douglas Bostons, twin-engined medium bombers from America, were participat ing in the Red Air Force s ham mering of German armored col umns on the Don steppes. PILOTS UNKNOWN Presumably the planes were flown by Russians although the M scow dispatch did not speci fically My so. There have been previous reports of U. S. planes being flown to the Don front,* and going directly into action. ; The U. S. Army has a -strong air force in the middle east, and <r- . . ■L* 1 •••• I ‘ '*' * * fc ' , gfly ■> AFTER A STIFF TEST RUN, these all-welded M-4 tanks built by Fisher Body at Detroit are lined up awaiting inspection, their hard-hitting 75 mm. cannon pointing upward in a formid able line. Such tanks are rolling out of the new Fisher Body plant in train-load quantities only six months after ground for the plant was broken. 43 Seledees Leave Tuesday Boord 2 Men ore Accepted EAST DETROIT—Forty-three selectees accepted for military service will report at the Detroit induction center for active duty next Tuesday, it was announced today by Macomb County Draft Board No. 2 of East Detroit. The group will leave at 7 a m. All but two of the group are from communities in the south ern section of the county, with the exception of eight from Mount Clemens. The list follows: MOUNT CLEMENS Walter Emil Schroeder, Rob ert James Stead, Edwin Jacob Willner, Frederick Charles Weiss, Richard Garfield Towns, Stanley Arnold Nieman, George Anthony Jeka, Charles Franklyn Satterlee. ST. 4 CLAIR SHORES James Lee Stokes, Richard Lee Kneir, Louis Dave Mc- See DRAFT—Page 2 presumably this command sent th planes. Official sources at Cairo said that in seven daylight operations of the past week the American fliers had caused heavy damage to port installations and ship ping at Tobruk and Bengasi, in Libya, and at Suda Bay, Crete, an Axis troop com "ntration poin in the Mediterranean. At the Egyptian end of the middle east lifeline, the RAF had cut drastically deeper into Axis air power, hr.ving shot up nearly 30 more plants in yesterday’s stafing and air combat. The El Alamein land front was static. U. S. bombers heavily damaged Axis ports. Russian dispatcher conceded the Don crossing today but de clared that the German. now dug in on the south bank of the Don opposite in the Tsimlyansk area, were the focus of strong attacks to dislodge them before the po sition could be exploited for a deeper thrust into the vital Csu casus. The wandering Don was ting- See RUSSIA—Page 2 Mocomb County's Only Doily Nowipopor " MOUNT CLEMENS, MICH., SATURDAY, JULY 25, 1942 Ready for Battle Proxy-Baby Case Slated for Monday Custody of smiling, blue eyed, three - year - old Patricia Hoge, born to an unwed younger sis ter by an older sister’s husband, likely will be determined Mon day at 2 p. m. when Circuit Judge James E. Spier re-opens the bizarre baby by proxy case. According to an agreement between the litigants to be pre sented Monday, Patricia would live with her natural mother, Alice Juanita Horvath, 19, in Cleveland for the six month pe riod starting Aug. 1. During that period her fath er, Carmel Hoge, 37, of War ren township, would be allow ed one monthly visitation of one hour. The process would be re versed during the second sixth month period. After hearing closing argu ments in the bitter habeas cor pus hearing July 9. Judge Spier suggested divided custody as a means to avoid a ruling where by neither parent would be given the child. Philip McHugh, attorney for the Horvrths, said Harold Ged des, counsel for the Hoges, drew up the agreement and that he had approved it as to form Third Blood Donor Program Set for Monday Registration for the Red Cross Blood Donor program will be ac cepted from 12:30 until 5 p. m. Monday during which time vital ly needed blood will be taken from the 130 volunteers at the First Methodist church, j Additional volunteers need only to go to the church, corner Cass and North and offer their blood. Officials are hopeful" of meeting their 120*pint quota, i The two previous blood don or programs were successful. On Jan. 19 and 20 patriotic citizens contributed 120 pints of blood and on April 19 another 101 pints were taken. 1 Mrs. John Kantncr, chairman of the program, said the same mobile unit will be in charge. Gray Ladies, headed by Mrs. Daniel Sourwine, will assist and ’ the. Canteen Service, headed by Mrs. Thomas Babcock, will serve orange juice, cookies, a sand wich and coffee to each donor. Warn Nation of Saboteurs Hoover Asks Public Cooperation WASHINGTON, July 25—(A 3 ) —J. Edgar Hoover, FBI direc tor, asked the nation today to be on the lookout for three men identified as expert German sab oteurs who he said might come to the United States. The three have been trained in the German sabotage school and have received orders from the Nazi high command to come to this country to destroy vital war industries. Hoover said in a statement. They are associated with the eight Nazi saboteurs now on trial before a military commis sion sitting secretly in the jus- See HOOVER—Page 2 Harry Fuller Naval Officer Engineer Wins Lieutenancy ($. G.) Harry Fuller, 37, of the Bish op hotel, East Detroit city engi neer, has been commissioned a lieutenant, senior grade, in the civil engineering corps of the U. S. I’aval Reserve, it became known today. A registered civil engineer since 1927, Fuller served as county surveyor from 1928 un til 1932. He has served East De troit for the past two years. Fuller, the son of Mr. and Mrs. James Fuller, of Chester field township, is immediate past Grand Knight of the Mount Clemens chapter of Knights of Columbus. He has not yet been assigned to duty. Ignored Warnings; Gels Jail Term Warned three times by city police for fast driving. Albert DeHate, 21, of Union Lake road today was sentenced to 15 days in the county jail after he pleaded guilty to reckless driv ing before Justice Frank E. Jeannette. U«Hate lacked the alternative $25 fine. In addition, Justice Jeannette revoked his driver's license for 90 days. Jap Threat to Behead Captives is Revealed Reporters, Interned with Other U. S. Citizens, Tell of Captivity LOURENCO MARQUES, Portuguese East Africa, July 23 (Delayed) (£>) The first diplomatic transfer of Nationals between the United States and Japan since the start of the Pa cific war was completed here to day when more than 1,100 North and South Americans boarded the Swedish liner Gripsholm to take the places vacated by Japanese diplomats and their families brought from America. The Americans arrived here on the liners Conte Verde and Asama Maru. They walked down the gangplanks of the two ships as the Japanese, the Grips holm and the two groups mov ed along the quay in parallel lines to their new staterooms. A line of railway cars had been drawn up on the quay, sep arating the Japanese and Amer icans as they marched to their new ships. Soon after moving to the Gripsholm, the Americans were permitted to disembark and tour the city. SUPERVISE EXCHANGE The exchange was supervised by the Portguguese foreign of fice. The North and South Ameri cans brought wtih them from Japan and Japanese occupied territories stories of their ex istence in the Orient under Jap anese supervision. Some of these accounts told of hunger, cold and threats. (Four Associated Press cor respondents arrived with the group. Following are portions of a composite story on condi tions in Japan and Japanese-oc cupied territory written by the Grim War Show Opens Tonight DETROIT, July 25—(/P)—The U. S. Army’s “War Show” opens a nine-day stand here tonight. Lumbering tanks, charging ca valry, squadrons of jeeps and pioneer squads armed with flame-throwers went through a dress rehearsal for the first per formance yesterday. The only interlude came when 750 of the 2,000 soldiers bivouated here for the event slicked up to par take of a home-cooked lunch served by housewives in homes adjacent to their camp. Tent Stakes and Hatchets Shatter 'Big Friday' Calm Officers Intervene as Gypsies Settle Differences 'the Hard Way' Rival gypsy tribes were to be questioned today after state po lice and sheriff s deputies were called to their camp on Hall road, two miles east of Utica, to quell a riot inspired by (a) a keg of beer and (b) Big Friday. Hurt in the fracas were John Sterga, 50, leader of the Sterga clan, and George Nicholas, 34. chief of the Nicholas tribe. Nicholas and his 18 relatives lived happily in the camp for three months until Stergo hap pened along three weeks ago with 49 of his kin, all fortune tellers. A BIG FRIDAY The rival clans argued among themselves, but nothing serious resulted uAtil yesterday when the Nicholas boys gathered around a keg of beer to celebrate Big Friday, a gypsy holiday. According to Trooper Ferrell Babcock of the Romeo State Po lice post, the Stergos were ob serving the holiday at a tavern across the way. When the Nicho las clan sought sureease at the same tavern, the trouble started. The clans went outside where, correspondents. Some parts of the story are omitted to con form with official requests from Washington that nothing be done which could interfere in the slightest with the welfare or repatriation of Americans still in Japanese-occupied territory. The correspondents are Max Hill, chief of the former Associ ated Press Bureau in Tokyo; Reiman Morin, who was in Indo-China; Joseph Dyn an, who was in Tokyo, and Vaughn Meisling, who was in See EXCHANGE—Page 2 Draw August Jury Panel Clork Ravools Potential-Jurors Names of jurors who will serve during the August term pf court were reveabM tJdiPHP County Clerk Guy L. Brown. The jurors were selected yes terday by Brown, Circuit Judge Neil E. Reid and Sheriff Jacob F. Theut. Sheriff Theut will not ify the jurors when they are to report. Those selected are: Armada—Charles Bankhard and Bruce Mosher. Bruce—Charles Lembkie and Mrs. Helen Saul. Chesterfield—Otto Beck and James Marsack. Clinton—August Dryer and Walter Nieman. Erin—Jane Fraser and Edna Steffens. Harrison—Carl Alderman and Lenora P. Murray. Lake—Emma Payne and Ma bel Rose. Lenox—Roy Schermer and Louis Bentley. Macomb—Herman Yaek and Charles Frendt. Ray—Albert Steinbrink and Mrs. Madeline Douglas. Richmond—Jennie B. Kenne dy and Belva Smith. Shelby—Margaret Gill and Lenna Morgan. Sterling—Eli Saver and A. G. Rouschelback. Warren—Frank Tatro and Ferdinand Gottschalk. Washington—Mrs. Alice Ben nett and Will Ziglow. ee JURY—Page 2 Nicholas stated, one of the larg er Stergos hit him on the right shoulder with a tent stake. At St. Joseph’s hospital Nicholas was treated for a dislocated shoulder and released. PLAY ROUGH Stergo charges that the Ni cholas boys, all coppersmiths, worked on his face with hatchets. He was treated at Pontiac Gen eral hospital for face lacerations. Held at the county jail for in vestigation are lesalel Costello, 55, and his son Loubo, 3C, both attached to the Nicholas group. BRAYES RETIRE After the Costellos were lod ged in jail, Assistant Prosecutor Howard R. Carroll ordered state police and shcr ;## ’s deputies to arrest all of the men, but by that 'time only women and children were still at the camp. State police confiscated a U calibre rifle and an ax when they answered the first call at 8:30 p.m. yesterday. Two hours .later deputies joined the troopers sh a second trip to the camp af« ter Carroll issued the pick-up order. " WEATHER REPORT THUNDER SHOWS* TOMORROW Monittr-LniarOffbt MONITOR-LKAOIB BM CuitWiM THRU CSMTS Deadly Aerial Attacks Cut Supply Lines Amoricon Pilots Roin Dtoth on Inyadsrs GEN. MacARTHUR'S HEAD* QUARTERS, Australia, July 39 ! (/P) Steady Allied dhre* bombing has broken off ths landing of Japanese supplies fen the newly occupied Buna-Goa* area of New Guinea and sev eral fully loaded enemy vessel# have withdrawn northward un der naval escort, a communion# announced today. Gen. Douglas MecArthur*#: headquarters said 45,000 pound# of explosives and incendiaries were dropped yesterday an troops, invasion barges, stow# and installations in that raslm low on the northeast coast ad the Papuan Peninsula. Large fires were started and an anti-aircraft battery was si lenced, the communique report* ed. SHIPS WITHDRAW “A number of the enemy*# cargo vessels have bean uaabia of naval forces,'* it said. Eighteen Japanese bomber# and a 16 - plane fighter escort were reported, meanwhile, to have struck ineffectively at tbi airdrome of Port Moresby ad* vanced Allied base on Near Guinea’s south coast 110 mile# below Buna. * 'There were no casualties and only slight damage,** it wa# said. The dive - bomber which ft# playing a big part in Allied op erations over New Guinea Is the twin-engined Douglas A-34, first used by the U. S. Navy and then by the Army, officers said* Buna, surrounded by #ra#m plains suitable for air fields, can* trols the only paisbla trail t# Port Moresby. Natural obstacles halt vehicles only 39 miles front Buna at the government station of Kokoda. Raid Casualty Bill Studied $35 to SBS Monthly vtfmte rrePQDif WASHINGTON. July 25—(T) —A bill to provide $29 to $lB a* month death or injury Vmflto for civilian war cenalttes may emerge from the Senate Finance Committee ahead of the MW tax measure which now is keeping committee members buy five days a week. ] Senator Clark (D-Mo), chaftfe man of a subcommittee ha charge of the Bill, celled di g , meeting scheduled lev today hos said “we’ll get to It aa soon an.. we can— at the first lulL" The propooal. authored b# i Senator Pepper, (D-Fla) wool* offer financial proteetM It dU vilians who nistahi a war Ik* jury, to the dspsndarts ti feoeo who die as a mult oi such aw injury, and to fee dependants es civilians detained by fee SMUUfe deOnfeea of ewrfe. j They might reault action, from ooMbntttag wak^j insurrection, or ferae ooflhfeMj of veeoels in convoy* > I J A civilian defease wrikHf im jured while on duly IsSSHmI blackout wouM bo MOOiefe J a JOWW SOT'