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Qient it ranks with the oldar institutions of
We have gont down to th normal school
applause mill there we have added room
enough lor all to come and learn how to
Wo hare gone over to Landing and Imilt np
a college there tho agricultural college
that is the tint of ite lund iu any oX the
While we have been doing all these
tli imo we have nut forgotten to do that that
would materially advauoe our commercial
prosperity and wealth. We knew that we
had many square mile of vacant lands in the
country and we wanted laborers and people
to oome here and settle with us, and so
wr originated the liumigiation scheme that
has placed before the world the facta as to
what Michigan is facte which make a very
THUHT W KM. BXKOUTED.
While all these things have been going on
I belie " 1 am stating the truth when I say
to you that in each and every
department of the state government
11. i'l economy, and Intelligent discharge
of dnty, and fidelity to trust nave been ex
hibited by the officers that the Republican
party has given the state. Applause.
Now. my friends, while we hare built up
t he state to its position of to-day and have
quadrupled the number of its inhabi
tants, we had to have all these in
stitutions that make the state great.
THC DEMO-QREKNBAOK WHAT-I8-IT.
We witnessed a spectacle of a few days
ago that leads us to another idea. Those op
posed to us politically convened at two neigh
boring cities. They said substantially this:
"Of all these acts that, are tangible' and
stand out in relief we are unable
to point to the particular wrong that
the Republican party has done in ad minis
taring the uffairs of the state, but put us in
otlice and we will get in there and when we
get at the books we will develop something."
Now I have just this to say to my good
friends of the opposite political faith: 1 ad
vise them not to wait until they get into
ottlco to do it, for they may never get in.
Laughter. I say to these men, exercise
the rights of every American citizen and
come down to the capital of our state
and say that you want to
seo our books. Applause. I will
guarantee a very patient and respectful
hearing, aud an exhibit of everything wo
have done and are doing. I ask them to
come to the capital of the state and make
tins examination, and not only thin,
but I invito them to go to your asylum
here and to any institution of a similar kind
in the state and tho books aro ready for an
This much I have said about the condition
of our state. I know that your time is short.
I will only say in conclusion that two
vears since when 1 stood before a simi
lar convention in the city of Jackson
1 said substantially thts: that if I should be
come governor of the state of Michigan I
would discharge every duty of my offlce
with fidelity and with impartiality, as every
man in this country who is called to discharge
important public trusts should. And finding
no fault with whut was in the constitution
or tho laws, I deemed it mv duty to see
that every provision which 1 found in either
was executed with punctuality and cer
tainty. I beliove I have done it. Applause,
and cries of "Yes, you have." Now I believe
that this party which has placed me in
nomination to-day is a progressive
part y. 1 be iovo that in your action to-day
you have ke t step with tho better sentiment
of the cnmu.uuitN '. Applause. I believe it
la my duty to co-operate with the pulse of
i he party which has placod mo in power, to
carry out yotw wishes today.
1 on only ay to you that should I bo re
elect",! governor 1 shall continue to dis
charge my duty in tho future as I have in
the post Applause. 1 I have only to thank
you ugain for the honor you have conferred
iipou BM and I accept your nomination wito
, the re ponaibUitlw that attach thereto
in viy official capacity. Prolonged ap-plamw.
He, Parker of Monroe moved that Moreau
S. Cro.hy ha nominated for lieutenant gover
nor by acclamation. A delegate from
K" 1 1 1 -aid that that county was under
nl i.. gat ions to Monroo for the motion,
hut that part of the house had declared itself
in favor of a ballot on all ofllqers. However,
n the rest of tho convention desired to nom
inate Mr. Crosby by acclamation, Kent
county certainly would not seriously object.
Mr. Caplis thought there was not a
finglo delegate who was opposed to Mr.
Crosby's nomination; it was useless to take
time for a ballot. He hoped the nomination
aiight bo made unanimous.
Mr. Crosby was then nominated by accla
mation, and Messrs. Farr, killings and Kin
uie were appointed a committee to notify
him of his nomination.
They soon aftorwards returned with Mr.
Crosby, who addressed the convention as
Mil. President and Gentlemen of the
Convention You have still too important
work before you for me to detain Vou by
any lengthy remarks of mine. But I should
he umniudful of my own feeling did I not
return to you my most hearty thanks
for the confidence you have renosod
in me, as shown by your renomination of
me. I can simply pledge you that if elected,
as I expect to be applause J shall be
lieutenant governor of Michigan, and her in
terests shall be my interests. I,t me say
further that after the adoption of the resolu
tion which you have heard read here this
afternoon we have only to march forward to
certain victory ; and 1 promise you success.
secretary of state.
Judgo Fhinney of Monroe proposed the
name of Horry A. Conant of Monroe in a
Mr. Shepherd of Bay City proposed the
tamo of William Crosby of Emmet
George W. Kmith of Oakland nominated
losephus Hmith of the aame county.
Ex-Gov. Blair offered the name of Will
iam Jonney, the present incumbent After
numerous seconds an informal ballot was
taken as follows:
AVhole number of votes 080
Harry A. Conant of Monroe 283
Win. CrMby of Fmmet 24s
J isrphus Smith of Oakland flo
Wm. Jenneyof Macomb 61
FIRST FOItMAL nn.nr.
Whota number of votes 61
Necessary to a choice 342
Hi A. Conant .... )B4
Wa Otosb aw
. I osrp bus riinith 41
HBCONn Koumai, BALLOT.
Whole numter of votes 673
Ksjoeatary to a choice gift
H. A. Conant JfflS
Wni. Crosby 278
Mr. Conant's nomination was mode unani
mous. stats treasurer.
The nominations for state treasurer being
in order Mr. JohnH. Newberry presented the
name of K. H. Butler of Wayne.
H'-nator Farr of Ottawa, 011 behalf of the
h le fifth district and in compliance with
Uvtish, nominated K. . Stanton.
.lodge Cpson of Branch, in behalf of that
unity, presented the name of George Starr
Of I 'o'd water.
Tho nomination of Mr. Butler was sec
onded by a majority of tho delegation
from Livingston, by ex-benator J. B.
Monre for Lapeer county, by
W. If. C. Mitchell of Grand Traverse, by
1 lulu i'arsooa for the united delegation from
Wayne, by the entire tenth district with the
exception of two votes, by O. A. Howen In
behalf of Schoolcraft county, and by Jas. H.
( 'amplmll in liolialf of a majority of the dele
gate from Muskegon county.
The notumat ion of Mr. Stanton was aup
erfted by Capt E. M. Allan of Portland in
behalf of Ionia county and by the delegation
from Ingham county.
Mr. Starr's nomination was sup
ported by Senator Hewitt for
Hillsdale count v, by Austin Blair
in behalf of Jackson 1 county, and
by Barry, Calhouu, Eaton and Lenawee
In the first ballot 728 votes were oast sod
the ballot was thrown out for excess of votes.
Subsequent ballots were as follows:
IX FORMAL BALLOT.
Whole number of votes M
Bdward H. Butler of Wayne. JH
(leorgn Ktarr of Branch M
K. H. Stanton of Ionia M
Mr. Stanton's name was then withdrawn
and his friends uiged to vote for Mr. Starr.
The following was the formal ballot:
Whole number of votes 684
Neceasary to a choice 843
E. H. Butler 885
Geo. Starr W
Mr. Butler's nomination was made unani
mous. AUDITOR GENERAL.
Iosco county presented the name of Wm.
C. Stevens of that county for auditor gen
eral. Mr. Birney, In behalf of Bay county, aup
ported the nomination.
Gen. Cutcheon, in behalf of an almost
solid delegation from the ninth district, pre
sented the Hon. W. Irving Latimer for re
nomination. It. L. Warren, In behalf of Van Buren
county, presented the name of A. B. Copley
of Van Buren. Mr. Copley's nomination
was indorsed by the entire fourth district,
and Mr. Stevens' by Washtenaw county.
The following ballots were taken:
Total number of votes AM)
Wm. C. Stevens of Iosco 2-10
A. B. Copley of Van Buren M7
V. Irving Latimer of Mecosta 1 14
Total number of votes 650
Necessary to a choice 330
Mr. Stevens' nomination was made unani
mous. NOMINATIONS BY ACCLAMATION.
Sumner Howard of Genesee presented
the name of Capt. Miner 8. Newell for com
missioner of the state land office. There be
ing no other candidate, Mr. Newell was nom
inated by acclamation.
The following officers wars also re
nominated by acclamation: Attorney Gen
eral J. J. Van Riper of Berrien; Supriu
tendent of Public Instruction Varnum B.
Cochran of Saginaw; member of the state
board of education, Bela W. Jenks of Bt
State Central Committee.
The following members of the state cen
tral committee were then designated;
Chairman, Edward H. Lacey of Eaton.
1. E. W. Cottrell of Detroit and Win. Living
Stone of Detroit.
2. A. Dickerman of Hillsdale and Burton Parker
8. John C Sharp of Jackson and O. D. Tomp
kins of Calhoun.
4. James Mouroe of South Haven and J. M.
Shcii. 1 r.l of Cassopolls.
6. E. Q. D. llolden of Cram! Rapids and J. W.
MeBrlde of Crand Haven.
1;. ( has. T. Kimball of Pontiacand K. C. White
7. Win Hartsuff of Port Huron and Edgar
Weeks of U. Clemens
K W in. Kllpa trick oi Owosso and A. Darr&gU
of St Louis.
ft. Geo. K. Shaw of Newavgo and John A.
Wright of Cadillac.
10. T. C. Phillips of Bay City and Albert Pack
11. Tho. T. Bates of Traversa City and W. f,
Swift of Ishpemlng.
With resolutions of thanks to the local
committee for the excellent accommodations
furnished the convention adjourned
I A iw? ' ' a
Sketches of the Candidates on the Repub-
cku State Ticket.
DAVID II. JEKOMIC.
Governor David H. Jerome, who has
Imen selected n second timo as the standard
bearer of Michigan Republicans, is a native of
tho state, and is not yet 5Ii years old. He was
tirst elected to the state senate in lift, and
was afterwards twice re-elected, serving con
tinuously from Sk to INK). In the senate
he wns one of its most promiuent figures.
He is a man of affairs, with clear and posi
tive ideas, and being such he could not fail
to exercise commanding influence on tho
legislation of that time. It was he who pro
posed and secured the passage of the bill
which created the Soldier's Home at the Har
per hospital, and he championed the policy
of saving the proceeds of swamp land sales
to aid tho local governments of now counties.
During his whole legislative career he was
untiringly industrious, aud his industry and
zeal, fortified by a confirmed hnbtt of careful
investigation, united with good judgment
and an unblemished reputation, gave him
great influence which he used in shaping the
legislation growing out of tho war and the
other legislation necessary to a developing
lu 1873 Gov. Jerome was appointed a mem
ber of tho constitutional commission, of
which body he was chairman of the commit
tee on finance. And here he also was re
cognized as a controlling spirit
Two years later he was appointed by
President Grant as a member of the board
of United States Indian commissioners, and
soon afterwards he was made chairman of the
commission. Believing that the important
duties of this trust could not be intelligently
discharged without knowing for himself
the conditions, views and treatment of the
Indians, he made a tour of observation dur
ing which he visited nearly all the numerous
uncivilized tribes of the northwest. The re
sults of the tour was the outlining of a pol
icy which, if it had since been rigorously
pursued by the government, would have
preserved us from many border calamities.
Tho Hlicy outlined was wiso and humane.
It looked to the treatment of the Indian as
a human being. It had regard for Ins rights
and his foelings. In brief it was n policy
which won the hearty commendations of all
benevolent persons in this country and In
Kurope. And this humane Indian policy Is
truly characteristic of the man.
In 1RH0 the Republicans of this state nom
inated David H. Jerome for their standard
bearer. The incidents of that campaign have
not yet passed from memory. The liquor
dealers' association, backed by a large cor
nipt ion fund, selected Gov. Jerome to test
thsir strength. They traded and bargained ;
they scattered their corruption fund with
lavish hand to make a show of strength, and
the net result of this assault, hacked as it
was, resulted only in the loan of a few thou
sand votes in the largest poll ever had in the
Since January 1, 1881, Gov. Jerome has
been the executive of the state.
And he carried to the dis
charge of this new responsibility
the same fidelity, conscientiousness and
fores of character which made him sucoeas
ful in the discharge of all the other trusts
confided to him.
Gov. Jerome has not gushed as some have.
It ia not in him. Ha is not A sloppy man in
anything. And he has not gratified every
body in everything, for that waa impossible.
Hut this can be said of 1dm : Where ho has
appointed he has appointed only honorable
and capable men. And whero he has decid
ed ho has only doue so after patient and
careful investigation, and In his final conclu
sion he has always boen guided by a desire
to do that whioh was for the best Interests
of the state. He has been an upright gov
ernor and he has given the state a doan
administration. With such a record he
merited renomination. And the people will
ratify the action of the convention which
thus honored him.
Mi JUKKA IT 8. CROSBY,
The Hon. Moreau S. Crosby, nominated
for lieutenant-governor, is the present incum
bent of that offlce. He was born in Man
chester, Ontario oounty, New York, in l&W.
Ho emigrated to Michigan when he was 18
years old aud settled in Grand Rapids. He
was an active member of tho board of educa
tion of that city for four years and was after
wards several years one of the trustees . f the
Kalaciazoo college. He was also five years
president of the youug men's Christie asso
ciation ot Graud Rapids; and of tho young
men's state Christian association he was
president two years; he has also beeq for
some years a member of the state boqrd of
charities. In November, lHT2, Mr. Crosby
was elected to the state senate front Cent
county, which was then the 'JSth district, and
during the session of the next year he was
one of tho most industrious and notable
members of that body, lu 1S80 he wa the
Republican nominee for lieutenant-governor
and at the November election he raotived
180,719 votes to VM,:m cast for Edward II.
Thompson, Democrat, and 34,831 for Suljivan
Armstrong, Greenbacker. He hastlce
given moro than ordinary satisfaction in the
dieoharge of the duties of that office. Mr.
( 'rushy is in the prime of life. He is intelli
gent purposeful and conscientious. Ha is in
every way qualified for tho office, and fit to
be the candidate of the great party which
has nominated him.
HARRY A. CONANT.
The Hon. Harry Armitage Conant, the
Republican nomineo for secretary of state,
was born in Monroe, in ls44, prepared for
college at that place, and entered the stato
university in 180.5. After leaving college he
was engaged several years in manufacturing
end mercantile pursuits in which he met with
considerable success. He afterwards studied
law and wns admitted to the bar in 1878.
Mr. Conant's first vote wns cast with the
Republican party, and since then he has
never fnlterod iu allogiance to it or to its
principles. Among the young men of Mon
roe he early became a power and a recog
nized leader. He was nominated for alder
man and supervisor, and though there
was a strong Democratic mnjority
agniust him, so considerable was
his popularity that he was elected trench
office by handsome majorities. The fooling
of doubt pervading the minds of Republican
politicians in 1878 is yet well remembered.
Mr. Conant was among the earliest and most
earnest in urging that the 1 'art v should take
high and honorable grounds on the issues of
that year, let the consequences be whtfihey
might. Mr. Conant, partially in recogni
tion of his courage, was nominated
for state senator in the Monroe districU The
most sanguine regarded it as a hopolow con
test. But Mr. Conant had not lived a life
of probity in Monroe county in vain. He
surprised the most confident of his friends by
being elected. The vote of Monroe for
governor that year was for Croswoll 2,184,
for Barnes !2,674 Barnes' majority being
1 41K). The vote at the sanio tims for
senator was Conant 2,475), Redftald. demo
crat, 2,407, Conant's majority being "iB, and
he roceived 'J'Jo more votes than Gov. Cros
woll did. In the senate Mr. Conant's career
was honorable, ho secured tho esteem of his
fellow members, and fully justified tho expec
tations of the friouds who nominated and
elocted him. Mr. Conant is yet a young
man; he is intelligent, methodical ami ener
getic, and it is not a reflection tion X:om
petitors for the nomination to sny thoTby no
possibility could the convention have made a
EDWARD H. BUTLER.
Mr. Edward Harter Butler, the Republi
can nominee for state treasurer, is tho f on of
Detroit's eminent citizen, Mr. WilUtm A.
Butler. The nomineo was born in Detroit in
1841, and ever sinco has resided hero. Ho was
educated in the public schools of Detroit,
and after a brief visit to Europe he entered
the banking house of his father, and a fow
years later liecame a partner in the hank.
In 1870, when tho bank was organized under
the general state law, Mr. E. H. Butler was
made Its cashier, which position he has ever
since occupied. Mr. William A. Butler, the
father, was among the earliest Republicans,
and the son has never done discredit to his
political training. His first vote and his last
vote and his every vote has been cast with
the Republican party.
Among business men the Republican can
didate occupies a m(t honorable place. He
is the soul of candor aud fairness in his deal
ings with his fellow men, and trained to bus
iness in all its minutest details, he has grown
up until promptness and absolute accuracy
have become a part of his nature. For years
ho has been the custodian of great moneyed
trusts, and the manner iu which he ho dealt
with his responsibility is a guarantee of fidel
ity in the new position to which he b ailed.
Mr. E. H. Butler has been a f reqiaml -falcate
to Republican conventions, ancW 1SS0
he was a delegate to the national conntion
and was among those whose lifo-lyYgf vjdtt
it will be that they cast a Tote at Chicago
for the Immortal Garfield.
And though Mr. Butler has near held
office or sought office, he has boorh Utfiong
those who have nover forgotten that most
Important duty of citizenship to attend the
primary caucuses of his narty. If all good
men would imitate him in this respect, the
purity of the party in the great cities would
lie secured aud maintained.
In Detroit, where Mr. Butler has spent his
life, no nomination that the Convention
could have mads would have been more
gratifying. The young men will be sathusi
antic over it, and the older ones who have
transacted business with him, and placed
large trusts in hi custody for nearly 20
years past, will see In it a reassurance that
the Ilspublican party is resolved to b clean
CAPT. WM. C. STEVENS.
The candidate for auditor genor.il is one of
the energetic business men of tho enterpris
ing northern counties. He is commended to
the voters of the state by faithful military
service, high character and excellent busi
1 iess habits and a In lilies
MINER S. N'KWRU,.
Captain Miner S. Newell of Genesne, the
nominee for commissioner of the stat !nd
office, enrolled himself among tli jiJrs
of the Union early in 1HHI, and Wi the
Kith Michigan infantry went away to Vir
ginia in September of that year hew with
It as its quartermaster. He "wtfc with
Ida heroic regiment in the disastrous
peninsular campaign, and immediately after
joioed l'ojie's army 'before Fredericksburg.
He was with McClellan at Antietam and af
terwards at Chaucellorsville and Gettysburg,
and in all the many desperate conflicts in
which the gallant Kith was engaged until he
resigned because of illness late in the fall of
Capt Newell was much loved by his old
comrades in arms, and he is highly esteemed
by his neighbors in Oenesee. He is an hon
est and prudent gentleman, and the people
may be sure that during his administration
the land office will not be defiled by jobs of
Living as he does at the home of the com
post candidate for governor it was a happy
thought to place Captain Newell upuu the
ticket He will give decided strength to it
, , JACOB J. VAN RIPER.
The' Hon. Jacob J. Van Riper, candidate
for attorney general, waa born at Haver
straw, Rockland county, New York, March
8, 1838. He received an academic education
at Char lot tevi lie, N. Y., and removed to
Cass county in this state in 1857. At first
he taught school aud l his amiability speed
ily won the affections and confidence of his
pupils. In 1800 he began to study for the
profession in which he has since rison to
eminence. Two years later, after attending
a series of law lectures in the Michigan uni
versity, he was admitted to the bar. Soon
after that he was appointed deputy oollector
of internal revenue, and a little later assist
ant assessor of internal revenue for Cass
county. In 1807 he was elected a member of
the constitutional convention, and with one
oxception was the youngest member of that
body. In the convention he was a member
of the committee on the judiciary and bill of
rights. In 1876 he was elected prosecuting
attorney of Berrien county, to which he had
previously removed from Cass. Early in
1880 he was appointed a regent of the uni
versity to fill the unexpired term of George
L. Malts, resigned, and in the fall of the
same year he was nominated and elected
attorney general on the Republlcau ticket.
The important duties of the office he has dis
charged with ability and courage. Mr. Van
Riper is suave of manner and courteous of
speech, but back of that he is possessed of
unalterable firmness in the things he believes
to bo right. He is fully equiDped mentally
for the office to which ho is nominated, aud
where he is best known he will add mate
rially to the strength of the ticket
VARNUM B. COCHRAN.
Mr. Varnum B. Cochrau, nominee for su
perintendent of public instruction, is the
prosont incumbent of that office, to which he
was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by
the resignation of Mr. Cornelius A. Gower.
Mr. Cochran is a highly educated gentle
man and ho has had the advantage of large
experience in connection with educational
systems of the state. During the brief time he
has discharged tho duties of the office ho
has demonstrated an admirable fitness for it
Vho office for which he is a candidate is in
110 souse political, and never ought to have
been placod among the list of purely politi
cal offices, and though it is there wo forbear
to urge his elect ion on political grounds.
We simply say Mr. Cochran is eminently
qualified for tho offlce of superintendent of
public instruction and is entitled to receive
the votes of all men of all parcies.
BKI,A W. JEN KB.
The Hon. Bela W. Jenks of St. Clnir, the
Republican nominee for member of the state
board of education, was born nt Crown
Point, Essex county, N. Y., in 1824. He ro
ceived instruction in Vermont, and in 1848
he emigrated to Michigan and settled lu St .
Clair, where he has ever since resided.
Soon aft. e coming to tho state he engaged
in mercantile pursuits, which he prosecuted
for a number of years and with suoh success
that ho is possessed of ample wealth, which
he uses liberally to build up the interest of
tho city and countv in which he resides.
Mr. Jenks has acted with the Republican
party since its organization. In 1868 ho wns
elected a stato senator on the Republican
ticket, and he was again re-elected in 1870.
He carried his buAuess habits with him into
the legislature, and there he was cautious
and prudent. He carefully examined before
acting. Aud he acted in the affairs of the
state precisely on the same principles that be
would in His private affairs.
Gn tho resignation of Mr. Baxter Mr.
Jenks was appointed to the offlce for which
bo has been nominated. And he has dis
charged the duties of the office intelligently
The Hepubllcan Platform.
Detroit Post and Tribune.
The platform adopted by the Republican
state convention which met at Kalamu.oo
Wednesday imprecisely what was anticipated.
The Republicans of Michigan have no super
iors in courage, in conscience or in intelli
gence. The mautle of the great party which
confronted slavory witn liberty, which
$aved the Union, and preserved the
credit of the restored government,
has fallen upon worthy shoulders. Its
wearers think purely and wisely, and the
courage of the founders of the party remains
with them to speak it bravely and clearly.
Its allusion to the dead President and its
endorsement of the living one are both the
echo of Republican sentiment throughout
the country, most happily expressed in the
The demand for a fair and free ballot and
an honest count nud the denunciation of
txdygamy, are none too strougly stated.
These are fundamental Republican doctrines,
and every Republican will heartily sub
scribe to these two planks in the platform.
Tue fifth resolution, relating to the tariff, is
as clear a statement of the Republi
can position as has recently been
made anywhere. There must be rev
enue. The poor ntid all those who
aAp best able to bear the burden of taxation
ougist as far as practicable to be relieved
form it, and the duties levied should be of
such Oiioracter and on such articles as will
contribute most toward maintaining the
Amerioav standard of wages.
This plakk will encounter the opposition of
free traders, but that is to be expected from
anything short of the entire abandonment of
the policy under which the American people
have prospered so marvellously during the
past 22 years. Bn no matter what form this
opposition may take in the future, this reso
lution expresses the sentiment of the Repub
lican party of Michigan, and they will abide
the consequences not oriiy of its utterance
but also of its defense through every
channel by which it appeals to the under
standing of the people.
The ninth resolution demands the submis
sion to the people of a constitutional amend
ment prohibitory of the liquor traffic. There
are undoubtedly not a few that have voted
the Republican ticket who will be disap
pointed at this action. With some this dis
appointment is the result of timidity. But
there aro others who are of ths opinion
that the resolutioii asserts a false
theory. These should remember that the
people are the real source of oar politioal
power. It is true that constitutions ought
not to be changed with every varying mood
of public opinion. They ought to be pre
served against suddon gusts and storms.
And our constitution Is so preserved
by the requirement that a constitu
tional change must flrt pass through
the legislature, thus compelling
a cooling time upon the people. 11 after
they have had this cooliiig tlma, the people,
who are the origin 0 all power, desire to
ohangn their sonstitutlon, it can not be said
they have done it of a sudden and ill con
sidered impulse, nor can It be maintained
that they, who are the hegiiMiing of all power,
ought to be deprived of thts right. Ana
sura it is if the. attempt was made it would
fall. Not perhapa in a month or a year, but
k. una time it would sgnominiouslr fail, and
the majority woutd assert themselves.
' That the 1 emocratic" party should distrust
the ! pie is natural. Tney always have
done it. And the result has always been the
aame The people have paid them back with
compound interest by distrusting the Demo
cratic party. The Republicans, on the con
trary, never have distrusted the people, and
they have no disposition to inaugurate dis
trust on a question which so nearly and
deeply concerns all the people.
The traffic which mors than 100,000 of the
people have petitioned for the privilege of
regulating through the constitution, is pe
culiar. Its relations to pauperism
and crime are such that In all
civilized countries It is made the sub
ject of police regulation. And this regula
tion has the sanction of the profoundest
statesmen and wisest jurists. In this respect
it is without a parallel among ths articles
which are made merchandise of. It stands
alone; and no reasoning based upon the
slut us of anything else, and no conclusion
drawn from the dealings of governments
with anything else, offers an absolute guide
hi dealing with this.
The liquor traffic is and ought to be the
subject of police regulation. It is so con
ceded in Europe and the United States.
The courts have so held with uniformity.
And from this there will be little dissent
even among those engaged in the traffic.
What ought to be the measure of restraint!
Upon tins point good men are not agreed.
Men who aro iu perfect accord ou the tariff
and on finance split upon this. And men
who are hostile to each other on every point
of politics find themselves in perfect har
mony on this vexed question . For these
reasons it is not and can not bo a partisan
question. And for these reasons parties can
not decide satisfactorily upon the measure of
restraint which ought to be imposed upon
this traffic. In view of this inability there
is but one tribunal to appeal to. That is the
sovereign people. The evils of the traffic fall
upon then. If it has tears, it is upon
tho hearthstones of the people they fall;
if it has blood ; it is upon the doorposts of
tho people it is sprinkled ; if it costs taxes, it
is out of the people's pockets they must be
aid ; anil these people who live beside the
raffle and who know whether it is a benefit
or an evil, are the ones who are most com
petent to decide upon tho measure of
restraint that ought to bo put upon It
and to them, in their capacity
at individuals, as fathers and brothers and
citizens, and uot as partisans, it ought to be
relegated. For these reasons the question
ought to go to the people, so that they oan
act upou it and decide it free from all par
tisan bias. And the resolution which asserts
this doctrine it worthy of all oommendation.
Speech by ongrsmau Burrowa Before
the Foil illi District Convention The
Work of the Forty -seventh Congresa.
Tho following is the Kalamazoo Telegraph's
report of the speech made by Congressman
Burrows before tho convention which re
Mr Chairman and Gentlemen of the Conven
tion. For this renewed expression of your con
fidence and partiality permit me to return
you my heartfelt thanks. For the fifth
time the Republican party of this district
has conferred upon me the distinction of
leading the forces in the contest
for congressional representation, but
at no time has that honor been be
stowed under circumstances more gratifying
than to-day. Detained as 1 have been at
Washington until a week ago, in the dis
charge of public duties, it is peculiarly grat
ifying to receive this unanimous approval of
my public acts and unsolicited renomination
from the largest congressional convention
ever assembled in the fourth district. It Is
an honor of which any man may justly be
promt I again thank you.
i shall uot detuiu the convention to enter
into an extended discussion of the issues in
volved in the approaching campaign, but
may be pardoned for alluding iu the briefest
possible terms to the leading features of the
work of the first session of the 47th congress
Just closed, and reply as briefly to some crit
icisms rassQd upon "
1 1 will he remembered that the presiden
tial campaign of 1 880 resulted 111 the restora
tion of the Republican party to power in
the legislative branch of the government,
after six years of Democratic control. Dur
ing those six years but little was done in
the way of general legislation beyond mak
ing provision for tho ordinary expenses of
the government. Tho session just closed is
the first under Republican control since its
return tooower, and the result of ite labors
must be eminently satisfactory to tho party
and the country. Besides providing for the
needed exjiensee of the government many
measures of a public character have beei
considered and passed, contributing to jsW
well being of tho nation. 1 The mi eject
of polygamy in the territories ra
coived prompt and efficient oonsiuerer
tion. A delegate from tho tor
ritory of Utah, himself a confessed
polyganiist and the avowed representative
and champion of that "twin relic of barbar
ism," demanded a seat in the lower house of
congress. Heretofore it had been granted
bun. It was for this congress to take cogni
zance of his ofTonse and decline to accord him
a place in the national council. More than
this, such measures have been taken, which,
it is to be hoped, will ut no distant day put
an end to this national disgrace.
The Chinese problem has for the time
being, at least, boen solved. Tho people of
the Pacific coast demanded protection against
1 1 ie importation of cheap labor which was
driving her peoplo from the avenuos of
trade and threatening the good order of her
states. While it will be admitted to be con
trary to our traditions and the spirit of
our institutions to exclude any people
of any race or tongue from our shores, yet it
may mvII be doubted whether we would be
justified in throwing wide open our doors to
a race having no interest in our institutions,
contri buting nothing to the support of the
government in poaeo or to its defense in war,
and looking forward only to the time when
their enhanced fortunes might enable them
to return to the land of their nativity. Hap
pily this question has lioen settled in the in
terest of American labor, and in accordance
with treaty stipulations between the nation
Another question has teen settled. The
charters of national banks were about to ex
pire by limitation of law and it became nec
essary to continue this system or devise an
other adopted to our business needs. The op
1 Mineii t s of the present system, the advocates
of a greenback currency, made haste to ad
vanco their theories anil urge the retirement
of the national bank circulation and the is
suing of government notes in their stead in
quantities sufficient to meet the demands of
trade. The count r Is to be congratulated
that all such vagaries are discarded, the pub
lic credit maintained and tho presont bank
ing system continued, giving to the people a
safe and a stable currency.
Ths ytrlff question demanded attention.
Its revision is a necessity. The considera
tion of the subject provoked general and ex
tended debate between the advocates of pro
tection and free trade, and resulted in the
creation of a commission, whose labors it ia
believed will contribute to a thorough and
intelligent revision of our tariff laws. It is
ho)od and expected that at the nex session,
a code oan be adopted whioh, while repudi
ating the doctrine of free trade and its twin
folly "a tariff for revenue only," will so Im
pose duties ns to yield sufficient revenue and
afford Just and ample protection to Ameri
cau industries and domestic labor.
It may be of interest to note in passing
that at the close of our late civil war a large
number of soldiera who had served faithfully
to the end. without waiting for the formali
ties of a discharge, hnstened to their homes
and from that hour they have been borne
upon the rolls as "deserters." Those faith
ful men have been relioved of this un
just imputation, and upon proper proof are
to receive that honorable discharge to which
their honorable service entities them.
Uther measures of mora 01 less importance
have been matured, and received executive
approval. Others again have passed one
house and await action by the other body.
Of this class I may mention the agricultural
bill. The agricultural department has been
! and is wholly unworthy this great people
I whose material prosjierity rests upon and do
I pends t so Urge an extent upon the cultiva
I t mil of the soil A measure has been passed
1 the house of representatives and is awaiting
the action of the senate, by which the com
missioner of agriculture is made a cabinet
officer aud his department elevated to thut
dignity which its importance merits.
The house also perfected and passed a
measure to protect the purchasers of
patented articles from unjust exactions, and
while it may not be all that the necessities of
the case may require, yet it will go far to
correct abuses which have become well nigh
Another measure of national importance
only waits the favorable action of the senate
to become a law. I refer to the bill reducing
taxation. With an overflowing treasury,
with a surplus revenue more than sufficient
to bear the ordinary expenses of the govern
ment and provide for the public debt, it is
high time that war taxes to the extent em
braced in the bill of the house, should be
completely removed. I have no doubt of
the success of the measure at the next session
of the senate.
These, Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, are
soma of tha many measures which have en
gaged the atteution of the first session of
the 47th oongress. There was only one
question during the entire session which, as
sumed a distinctively partisan character, aud
that was the subject of southern elections.
The seats of several members from the
southern states were contested, and after
the committee on elections had investi
gated these cases and reported against
some of the sitting members, the un
usual posit ion was assumed that the house
of representatives should not even con
sider the merits of these cases and by
parliamentary chicanery it was sought to
keep men iu their seats who were not in re
ality elected. We were forced at last to
amend the rules that these cases could bo
brought to a hearing and the parties really
elected admitted to their seats. It is to be
hoped that the people of the south, when it
is established that they oanaot profit by their
fraud, will permit every lawful voter to cast
one honest ballot and see to it that it s hon
estly counted. Upon no other theory can
free representative government be main
tained. But it is charged that this congress has
been extravagant and that its appropriations
have been largely in excess of the last fiscal
The river and harbor bill is cited as an in
stanco of lavish expenditure, and it has
been the subject of severe criticism by the
public press aud denounced as a steal. But
what are tho facts?
L No work is appropriated for in that
bill that was not recommended by govern
ment engineers. 2. The amount appropria
ted is in no instance in excess of tho recom
mendation, and, Tho total amount of ap
priatlou is less than one-half the sum which
thoy affirmed could bo profitably expended
during tho present fiscal year.
The amount carried by the lost river and
harbor bill was $11,441,300.
The sum appropriated this year is $18,
743,875 an increase of i7,aO"i,.r)75.
It is assumed that this additional sum of
$7,000,000 iu round numbers, has been ap
propriated for creeks and streunis and ob
jects not of a national character. But
what does tho bill disclose upon this point
The following are some of the items going
to make up this increase of $7,000,000:
Improvement of Mississippi river and
Hull in lor.- VO.000
Providence river 6o,000
Charleston harbor 196,000
.Savannah hurbor 1115,000
ialveston harbor 50,000
Oakland harbor 110,000
Hiiffalo harbor 2ft,000
Lynn harbor tfO.OOO
Potomac flats 400,(100
The foregoing items of increase, it w ill lie
observed, aggregute more than tlvo millions,
and other works might be pointed out, equal
ly meritorious, sufficient to account for the
This examination shows how unjust and
unfair the charge is that the river
and liarlior bill is a "steal." It will be ob
served that the main portion of this increase
is for the improvement of tho Mississippi
river and its tributaries, that great national
highway through which the surplus products
of the west may lie cheaply conveyed to the
markotti of the world.
It must not be forgotten, either, that much
of the criticism of too river and harbor bill
may emanate from the railroad interest of
the country, which would be materially
aided by arresting all improvement of the
great national waterways.
And finally it is charged that tho amount
appropriated lor the support of the govern
ment for the current year, Is greatly iu ax
cess of tho amount appropriated for tho lost
Here again n simple statement of facts will
show how uujust such criticism is. In de
termining tho increase of appropriations this
year over those of last, we must first add to
the appropriations for last year the amount
of deficiencies made necessary by insullicient
allowances. This sum is 30,948,liW '.,
which added to tho regular appropriation
aggregate the sum of $319,807,963 88, the
Amount actually made use of in support of
f he government during tho last fiscal year.
The amount appropriated lor the current
year for oxjienses including tho river and
nnrbor bill is 865,910.068, an increase it will
be observed over tho proceeding year ot
46,80,001 71. This increase was made
necessary by the enlarged service of the
country and tho pension list.
The chief items of increase are tho follow
ing: Kxcess for pensions over last y car.. $3-1, 000,000 00
Increase pension forco 1,648,480 00
Increase of river and harbor hill 7,:W,.")7.'i 00
bicrease of iiostal and other service. 1,416,116 77
Aggregating. . . $44,538,121 77
The amount deducted from tho total
increase leaves only a balance of $1,
!)8tf,87W W8, to be accounted for, which was
projterly allowed for legitimate objects.
Having thus briefly alluded to the chief
work of tho first session of the 47th congress,
it only remains for 111c to accept tho nomina
tion which you tender and to assure you that
if your choice shall be ratified at the polls,
by the good people of this district, 1 pledge
you that in the future as in the past, I will
carry the Republican standard with a stonily
hand and unflinching courage, aiming to ad
vance the interests of the people 1 represent
aud by just and wholesome laws promote
tho welfare of tho republic.
The Free Press Roorback.
From the Haglnaw Herald.
The Detroit Free Press tries to put a feather
iu Mr. Edward Kanter's cap by claiming that
"as a member of the legislature Mr. Ranter
was instrumental in ferreting out and expos
ing the huge defalcation of John McKinney,
the Republican state treasurer of Michigan."
The Free Press is not a reliable historian.
Mr. Km nt 1 1 was in the legislature iu 18.57 of
which this writer was cluof clerk. Ho at
tempted to gain notoriety by attacking the
extravagance of the Bingham administra
tion, but the writer made a roply to this re
port that squelched his facts and his future
political ambition for years. McKinney w as
elected treasurer in 1858,after Kanter's legis
lative oxperionco had ternunated. His defal
cation as state treasurer was exjio&ed by
the writer in the Jackson Citizen, iu
the summer of 1666, and the oxosure
resulted in the party dropping the entire
state administration, and nominating a new
ticket with "our Blair" at tho head. In the
senate of 1861, Senators Baldwin, Ntoitt and
DeLand, as committee on finance, fully in
vestigated Mr. McKinney's defalcation and
exposed it, as the records will show, and the
writer, as one of that committee, preiared
and offered the resolution in open senate that
caused the trial, conviction and imprison
ment of John McKinney for his crime. Wa
aro not aware that any Democratic paper
ever applauded us for these acts, and do re
collect that some of them abused us consid
erably at the time for our illiberallty and
"vluuietive pohqy." Kanter had expired,
legislatively and politically, liefore any of
these events transpired. Edward is a good
fellow; we met him only a few days ago in
Detroit, and talked over the old legislative
days, and we know he is too decent and just
to try to rob us of any laurels won iu the
McKinney business, even at this late day.
Tho Charleston News, which has endorsed
and advocated every plan for cheating the
colored voters of South Carolina out of their
rights, is just at thin time clothed in the ha
biliments of woe to find that Mr. Mackey has
taken up a residence In the biadk district,
with a view of depriving that constituency
of their right to elect one of their
number to congress if they ware so
disposed. Tho tears that are thus coursing
down the editorial cheek of the Charleston
Newt ware furnished by crfpodiles.