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PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY, At No. 1 Market Block, Elliot Street Brattleboro, Vt., by 0. H. DA7ENP0BT CO. Friday, November 26,(1880. gisirENTBHKD as Skoono-ulass Mattkh AT TIIK PoST-OKFIOE IN DllATTI.KBOHO, Vt. The Reform bk'8 circulation last week Iwo editiont for Windham and Bennington Counties was 4375. he l.nr.l, Htt " rhep I mnl Paper He MlltIIER. The most VumUa, IndrpeHilent d r o.t Vigorous Political ! in Ver- ,, II..... Il - " fur.H. 'I II. 1 . Hill Jan. 1, It. 0,,, Subscribe now. 1 ..)(. "Brick" Pomeroy's old partner Al phons Foote of LaCross, Wisconsin, has been convicted of forgery. Tub Democrat have a majority of 81 on joint ballot in the Nevada Legisla ture. James Obrien, o!ia Robert Lindsay indicted for perjury in the Morey matter pleaded guilty at his arraignment ia New York. Gen. W. S. Rosecrans, a red hot Democrat, is the most prominent Union soldier elected to the present Congress to confront the "rebel brigadiers." Tkb Virginia supreme court has ren dered a decision which praotically for bids any foroible readjustment of the State debt. Tub Legislature has already cost about $40,000. All the business it has thus far completed, though many good things have been proposed, is ol less than six cents value to the State. The Chinese Commission headed by Minister Angell is understood to have completed and forwarded to the State Department, a treaty with China which puis a satisfactory limit on Coolie immi gration. By an error of some of the eleotion officers in Indiana, several thousand re publican votes were returnel for a man who was not a candidate. On the prin ciple of not goiog behind the returns, this will elect the democratic candidate. Thb Detroit News says : "The Dem ocratic party is simply an 'organized ap petite' for office". This is true. Like wise it is true that the Republican party is nothing but an organized enjoyment of office. The Democratic vote in the interior of New York, as compared with the Repub lican, falls on" only 1320 from 1870. The 5J.G00 Republican gain comes almost wholly from the lower wards of New York and Brooklyn,' where men like McLaughlin and Kelley have the power to trade votes away. A syndicate of American and Euro pean brokers has been formed, guaran teeing $40,000,000 for the completion of the Northern Pccifio railroad, of which Fred Billings of Woodstock, is president. Within the last 15 days the company has bought steel rails for 800 miles of the road, and promises to have the whole completed insido of three years. It is difficult to see any objection to the passage of Gov. Page's bill for the taxation of corporations, substantially in its present form. It claims only to be an inant. susoends present laws for twolyeurs, and at the end of that time, if any or oil of its features prove imprac ticable, they can be remedied by simply neglecting to pass the bill again. THe bills to exempt manufacturing establishments and G, A. R. halls from taxation do not look much as if any thorough reform could be expected from the present legislature. As the Monlpe- iier Farmer aptly observes "the beajty of our present system of taxation is that pretty much everything ia getting to be exempt. Alex. R. Cockiiukn, Lord chief just ice of England is dead, at the age of 78. Though of very immoral private life he was one of the most versatile, cultured, and profoundly learned men, in modern European affairs. His charge to the jury in the Tichborne case, was an extraor dinary effort which won him world wide attention. The bars are all down. The spoils men and extremeists of Republicanism are apparently having things all their own way. Hayes' civil service reform gave many of the employes in the Wash inton departments courage to express their honest convictions, and they come ont strongly for Hancock. As a result, it is announced, seemingly with authority, that tbey must every one lose their places. Likewise, every Democratic congressman eleet from the South, is to be refused his seat, where any pretense of fraud or ir regularity can be found or manufactured. The crazy demagogues, who have once wrecked the Republican craft, fancy themselves again at the helm, and prob ably they are. The Southern press is almost unani mous in opposition to the scheme to eon- test New York's presidential rota. The Memphis Appeal says, "Garfield ia pros ident elect, and will be inaugurated on the 4th oi March next. His title is in disputable." "So far as the people of the south are concerned, they are satis fied that Gen Garfield was fairly elected," remarka the Atlanta (Ga.) Constitution, which wants Barnum and bis confeder ates to drop the whole "silly scheme," of counting bim out. "The Southern Democracy cannot make a more griev ous mistake than to countenance the at tempt," chimes in the Charleston (S. C.) News and Courier. Gov. James D. Williams, "Blue Jeans." of Indiana, died Saturday, 72 years old. He was born in Pick way county. Ohio, but early moved on to Indiana, farmed it in a rough way, served an occasional torm in the Legisla ture, rising a little higher with every Democratic victory, till at last the tidal wave of 1871 landed him in the House where bis home-spun manners and bis practical honesty won him marked dis tinction. His first onslaught on the torn plain ista was in "towels," whose re ported size and ridicalouslj large num ber wss only to hide thievery. He was elected governor of Indiana in 1876. His administration has not been a success mainly because of his ill-advised decency in pardoning criminals, bat partly owing to party scandals. However through them all, be bas been recognized as an boaestand rigorous, tkoogb a rough-spoken oW maa. , The Outlook for Tax Reform. A tremendous fight ia brewing in the Legislature over the question of equitable taxation. Stupidity, demagogy and ring service are so plenty and in such equal proportion, that it ia almost hopeless to got through any practicable, coinprchen sive measures. There is unquestionably a pervading fueling that something ought to be done, and among a largo majority of the members a disposition to do it but the corporations and the exempted interests are sure to rally such a lobby. to oppose, amend, emasculate and mix up all measures affecting them, that the poor farmora are likely to got hopelessly bewildered, and adjourn without doing anything. Gov. Page's bill to tax corporations it seemB to us touchea exactly the worst nart of our present avstem, where the fight ahould be made. The great trouble now ia not with the failure of listers to assess the property of individuals though there are many remediable defects here but with the vast amounts of corporate property which are practically or wholly exempt. Gov. Page proposes : 1 A tax ot ! por cent, payable illrect to the State treasury on the gross receipts ot railroads ; ami if tK receipts exceed ! a mile. per cent; pro vided that ill real estate o.tslde their right of way shall uo subjeol local taxation like other prop- "il A tax of S per cent on the gross amount of nrcminnis and assessment of all insurance eom EsnuYs foreign as well as domestic; and those Zmt buslSi wholly or partly on the mutual pSnT ."an pay x por cent on n6t lf ore .i.imiiinles aud M por cent If life. T n ill tuloIS per cent on the gross re ceipts of telegraph and express companies by hnainpHM done in tlie State, business uime n market value of the stock of State or National Van' ?' ''i';ich'"f,,f; a tax of 1 ner cent on both savings banks and trust companies similarly payable; except that in both , 3 Such amounts 0 capital as are Invested to government bonds or real estate, subject to 'T A ux'oTi peVSn'-the bonds, certmcatee or evidences of debt of corporations, so far as held hv riH tienta or me ohvuj, 7 A tax of 1 per cent on all personal property not taxed by the preceding provisions, and on m.;i. cured by mortgage, as returned by the KraMhs dTfferaiit towns,' payable directly to " Aduaw peuaTtles are provided for the neglect or refusal of any treasurer or financial officer of any if these Institutions to alTord the necessary Information for the taxes laid. This bill is certainly right in principle, and though some of its features may need modification, the adoption of its main provisions are absolutely necessary to avoid the grossest inequalities of the pres ent system. Gov. Page has been giving this subject of taxation an exhaustive study for several years, and he sought his election to the Legislature chiefly to effect some good in this matter. His idea is to secure an average total rate of taxation throughout the State of about 1 per cent. Three-fifths of the property now escapes in one way or the other. The plan he proposes will probably bring nearly two-fifths of it un der assessment. Tabulated, his figures show : The grand list for WO Is 1,008,500 00 being one per cent of the real and personal estate, aud the.polls at $'i Assuming that the average total taxa tion in the State is $2 on the f 1, as is probably about the fact, he finds that the people pay $2,007,000 00. Of this amount under the present ays- tern the real estate will pay Mr'!?' 94 The personal estate will pay 8(K ,,45 W The polls Ssd.960 no Now the real estate pays nearly five times as much as the personal property, and the polls almost as much as the per sonal property. Gov. Page, after care fully digesting all the statistics at hand, thinks his special taxes would raise upon the personal estate, at least $750,000. He proposes to reduce the polls to $1 in the list, asTaft'sbill also contemplates. With these changes, the approximate sum re quired, would be raised thus ; The real estate, under Its present low appramal 01 not exoeeuunrioriy per cent of us true value, vruuld Day... sl.116.020 00 The personal estate, etc tao.boo ou rue pons w Furthermore, deducting a7O,O0O lor state expenses, which is certainly all they ought to be, from thb $750,000 which it is proposed to make corporations and per sonal property pay, every dollar of State expenses would be paid, with out any grand list tax at all, and a bal ance of $480,000 be left to be distributed to the towns, a sum equal to a tax of about 48 cents on the dollar of the pres ent grand list of the several towns, which would leave only $1.22 on the dollar to be raised for town, village, city and school purposes, by a grand list tax. The whole question then is, whether our property-holders shall continue to pay an average of $2 taxes, when $1.22 would suffice,if the property now exempt. and easily taxable, were made to bear its fair share of the burdens. The main objection thus fur urged to Page's bill, is that it proposes to raise too much money, it should only provide for enough to pay State expenses. If it would help the passage of the bill we do not see why it is not practicable to drop the last provision, and let general personal property and mortgages be left to local listing as now. None of the taxes on cor porations are excessive or unjust. They will be fought desperately of course, but so would any equitable and honest tax They shonld never be lowered one iota in order to avoid the opposition- of the corporations. The only objection to the bill, it seema to us, is the proposition to list polls at only $1. Polls are paying oppressive taxes now, it is true, but it is because those that belong to corporations, and nch men are piled on to them, not that they are listed too high. Let them re main in the list at $2, collect the other taxes that Gov. Page proposes, and the local taxes would come down towards a dollar for a dollar on the grand list Certainly $2 is not too much for even a poor man to pay for the privilege of being a freeman in Vermont Several other measures of tax reform are proposed which we will discuss more at length next week. Amonc them Dwinneli's plan to apportion the State tax according to population, with an amendment that towns of less than 800 inhabitants should pay osly three-fourths of their proportion, ought to be adopted if we have any State lax at all. Other bills for "iron clad" oaths in listing and to relieve mortgaged property of double taxation, especially that which exempts 4 per ct. mortgagee of not over $3000, have merits which deserve careful attention. The Leuislature took a lone recess for Thanksgiving, especially to get time to consider the tax question. It is a good time for the constituents to take a hand in. A stiffening for the right will not hurt the best of our leg islators. Let them understand that the people are thoroughly in earnest on this subject; if they allow themselves to become the dupes or tools of the rings and corporations, let them be made to realize that their political demise will be next in order. The Alabama legislature has elected Jas. L. Pugh, a bourbonish, unrecon structed sort of rebel, though very able man, to the U. 8. Senate. Ia response to the call of the Legislature, State-Auditor Powell publishes a statement of the net amounts paid to county clerks throughout the state. The best paid of all is the clerk of Rutland county, who has averagrd for the last four years $1777. On the whole the clerks average to receive only $1060, which is not any such exorbitant pay as has been represented. Neverthe less, the fee system is a vicious one. j Dr. Webster's Beport. The annual reoort of Daniel P. Webster of Pcitnnv. railroad commissioner, allows that there are 804 miles of track, includ ing Bidlmrs. in tho State ; that the oper ating expenses of all roads have been $4,413,541, and the gross eurii..1B ", 4MH08! From passengers, $1,811,- 828; freight, $4,117,225; mails, $173,959 ; exiiress. $75.453 ; other sources, $250,829. Of nil onlv i the Passumpsio, Valley, Montpelier and Wells River, and Rut land and Burlington nave paiu uivi rina passenger was killed dur ing the year and 8 wero injured, and 11 employes killed and b injurea. Db. Webster makes some very sensi ble recommendations. He tells the Legislature plainly that his offloo is of no sort of account under the present sys tern, and advises that it be either abol ished or given such powers as will make it of some use. He believes if the office be retained it should be made to consist of three members, with duties and pow ers like those in Massachusetts. The question of taxation he reviews at some length, admitting that the present method iB inadequate and radically wrong in principle. He quotes with seeming approval the report of the Saratoga con ference, advising a percentage tax on gross earnings, after the fashion provid ed in Gov. Page's bill. The people of the South-west have been holding conventions to demand liberal ap propriations from congress for improvement in the transportation facilities, of the Missis sippi andthe sectional journals in the North have already raised their cowardly and pesti ferous cry of "another rebel scheme to rob the treasury. " The fact is that the whole practice of national subsidy for local river and harbor improvements is wrong and de moralizing. It ought to be cut off short and such things left to local pride and enter prise, but as long as the central govern ment is bound to keep dabbling in it, there is no reason why the Mississippi river should not receive its fair share of the benefits. The people interested number 24,000,000, about half of our entire population, and yet the rivers of the South and West havo re ceived only $10,000,000 out of a total of $100,000,000, which has in the past been appropriated for rivers and harbors. The country owes somothing to the Mississippi because of past neglect, which has come from sectional demagogy. Furthermore President-elect Garfield, in his letter of acceptance, pledged himself explicitly to the policy of improvements for our great river. Language cannot measure the mean ness of the men and journals which are now trying to dsitort the question into one of sectional significance. Russian affairs are enveloped in a cloud, ominous of some sort of trouble. and as a result the air is thick with ru moas of revolution, plots on royal life o. It seoms to be certain that an attack bas been made on the Czar, and several of his body escort killed. It is reported he has fled into retirement, been virtually ban ished, with Princess Dolgourouky, his new wife and former mistress. Every thing indicates a crisis in the cities. In the most public places of St. Petersburg placards have mysteriously appeared proclaiming the opening of the revolu tion, and declaring that the throne will be vacant before the new year. The re sult is immediate search and numerous arrests by the police, throwing the city into a state of intolerable terror. The deplorable destitution of the country at are, wmch in many quarters verses on famine, adds the apprehension of a peas ants reoemon to tbe other troubles Another report says that the Czarowitch is engaged in the plot to force his father's abdication, so as to uscend the throne himself. He has always been accused with sympathy for the nihilists, he is pledged to give the constitutional govern ment when he has the power, and it is known that he has had a bitter quarrel with his father over the latter's demand for the legitimization of his illegitimate children by Dolgourouky. Centuries of cruel and corrupt despotism are bearing their terrible fruits. Gen. Garfield lectured at Williams College in 1876, and this is what he said on the spoils system: "Congressmen have.beccme the dispensers, sometimes the brokers, of patronage, and civil office has become a vast corrupting power to be used in running the machine of party politics. Every man of the 102,000 feels that his only hope of, staying ia in toady ing to those in power, so that the office are an immense bribe, securing te the party in power an army of retainers who are the most servile oi their sort in the world, Nothing less than the absolute divorce of the appointing funotion from Congress oan remedy the evil. It ahould be done so completely that every mem' ber of Congress shall be able to make such boasts as Thomas Hughes, M. did on bis visit to this country that although be was personally on good terms with every member of the cabinet! he could not influence the appointment of a clerk". Gen. Garfield talked what he believed then. It was only when he had become a candidate for president that he presumed to advocate the distri bution of patronage by Congressmen, Words of a Noble Btatosman, On Monday evening last tlie "R. D, Hubbard Escort" of young freemen pre sented ex-Govornor Hubbard at their Hartford Ct,lioadquartera with the banner carried fy them during the recent cam paign, and which beara a finely executed portrait of himself. Commander JoBly u made the presentation imd Governor Hubbard responded in those eloquent words: I congratulate myself chat your organi zation is pledged to the support of that political faith in which I have lived from ray youth up, and which I still cherish in my mature years as the best hope in the 1011K run ui 1110 iiuerues 01 uie people, the greatness aud glory of the republic. and aliove all the stability of the Union. tne union 01 tne lathers, a Union not 011 military politics and brute force, but 011 inegroai irulermties and equalities of citizenship and brotherhood. If there are any who are willing, for personal or party miiii, to proionir tun diamri s fif Mm war auu send its hatreds down through uiu uiuuu ui unuoru generations, we are not of them, and we come not into their secreis nor into their assemblies. No, nothing of thia, nothing of this. Rather than this, we go out to meet our brethren, ouiuigou tuuugu tuey may have been for a time from their loyalty, and we welcome them back into the brotherly hospitalities of the common hoiMnhnld with music and dance and witli gratitude to God for their return to obedience. Sectionalism in arms has been once put down by the defenders of the Union in arms. Sectionalism in politics has got to ue put uown oy me neienuers of the Union in politics, or the war will nrove empty of useful results, and Antietam. Gettysburg and Appomattox will stand in history for impious fields of carnage uuu iratnciue. In conclusion. I thank von for this banner under which you have rallied in the campaign.and which now at itsclose you kindly commit to my keeping. I know full well you had no need to tell me that it has suil'ered no dishonor at your hands, that it has represented no venal, lying or gutter politics, but hones ty and intelligence of political convic tions, steadfustness and honor in their maintenance, and a course and persever ance which are in no wise shaken or slackened by the temporary defeat which has overtaken us, whether that defeat be owing to ourselves or to our adversaries. I acknowledge with you that the nation's ballot-box has spoken. Whether its voice ts not a little to ventriloquial and metallic to be altogether an honest voice, whether the augurs have not somewhat bewildered the omens and are now laughing in their sleeves at the success of this fraud, is a question which here and now I do not care to put or answer. It suffices for you and me that the great umpire of a nation's differences has pro nounced its award. We give heed, and bow our heads and furl our flags in obe dience to its authority. Tne victors, we take pleasure in remembering, are not our enemies, but our friends, neighbors and fellow-citizens, divided from us only by dilterences of opinion, sometimes a little thin and mixed, but always more or lesi destructive and radical. Apart from party bummers, camp-foliowers and spoilsmen, we have all a common inter est iu a common heritage. We therefore begrudge our opponents nothing of their success save its opportunities for needed reforms in laws, politics and administra tions, nothing of" their rejoicings and il luminations, and above all nothing of their divisions of the pay and the feed ing of the animals. Hut let me say if 1 may throw trom our fast a single bitter herb into their fenst a battle lost is not a war ended ; for no question is fust settled until it is settled right. The democratic party has a history and a long career of achieve ments. It is as old, well-nigh as the re public. It has witnessed the extinction of I know not how many rival jiarties. It will, live as long as the republic. It lias sometimes been defeated, but never conquered. It has gone down into cap tivity, overborne sometimes by numbers, sometimes by fraud ; but it has regather ed its strength and reformed its legions and come up again out of its captivHy like a Hon trom the swellings 01 joruan. It will do so again ; do not for a moment doubt it. The old euard dies, but never surren ders. The democratic party neither dies nor surrenders. Th New tclk Herald's Washington special says: Jhe reports of the secre tary of the inierjorand the commissioner of poni'ons admit that the present pension system hl)B broken down, wheth er as a meansojj protecting the treasury or distributee minsions. The niodo of granting ponstns now is substantially the same as heUra the war. when but 10.000 names, oslling for loss than $1,- uw.uuo annually wore on the roll, jxow the roll oon taim morn than 250.000 names and calls for $26,000,000. Three hun dred thousand applications awuit decis ion, 01 wnion at least rwo-tuirus are ex pected to be fnvobally deckled when reached, requirlnsr a further annual charge of $20 000,000. Applications are coming In at toe rale of two lor every three old npplinitionH decided, rendering it impossible to foresee the time when the pension olliue will cease to be as now, more than eight years behind its business. Tho ponsion commissioner has urged on Congress a plan to have pension applications presented to be in vestigated by tho government otuoers in each congrossioual district. It is claimed that this would pievent fraud and hasten the settlement of oases. Four million dollars is the estimatod yearly loss to the treasury from fraudulent pensions as tho system is now administered. NEW ENGLAND NEWS. Park and the Emma Mine. New York. Noveuhbr 12. Trenor W. Park being questioned to-day by a repor ter regarding a dispatch announcing the settlement of the Emma Mine disputes in London, said that he had been inform, ed some time ugo that the London Com- fiany desired to compromise mo suit and le had been asked to go to London or send an agent to effect a setllement About three weeks ago he authorized D. A. Gager of the firm ot .field, naveland & Co., to go to L udon and act as -his agent. Park Baid purchased the mine at Sheriff's sale in 1H78, for $350,000 ; that he never had any fears as to the result 01 the suits, but tliat-li" had always been ready to make any suttleutcnt by which he could recover wliat tlj.pnine had cost him. and he had given Oiteer authority to Bottle on this buuUL the amount due him in the uuk 1 inoTtgages, stock or other satisfactory 1 univalent or secur ity. He received a c.iole dispatch from Gager on Tuesday nisht to the effect that he had made sutisfiutorv nronress. and expected to complete the settlement the next morning. He unuerstoou mat an litigation hart been withdrawn. NOTES AND CLIPPINGS. Gen. Cjonwat predicts another negro exodus next year. He is working it up as a speculation, alike duping the poor negroes and their poor philanthropic friends at the North out of their money. TiiK feeling that Gen. Grant is a pau per whom the rest of the people are bound to support now crystalizes into the suggestion that an office of Senator for life, fashioned after that of European monarchies, be created for him. Of oourse be is totally umfit for it; it is merely desired to provide him a living He ia too good to earn it by honest work as other men do, and other ex-presidents have done. The census ot this State, as officially announced at the oensm bureau at Wash ington, shows the total population to be 332,286, a number which is less by 2,169 than was reported some time ago. The gain from 1870 is only 1735, about one half of one per cent, probably the least of any of the New England States. What can be the reason, except State or local misgovernment, an infamously onerous system of taxation and railroad rascality, which stifles all industrial progress, and drives our youth and health to other fields The number of males bas increas ed more than twice as much as the nam ber of females, but even now the sexes are very evenly divided, as there are 991 females to every 1000 males. The native population bas increased and the foreign born residents decreased. The increase of natives Is almost exactly 8,000, while the foreign population is less by more than 6.000. There are now less than 41,000 foreigners 'n Vermont, or little more than 12 percent The scarcity 01 colored people is another feature They number but 1,043, of whom 11 only are Indians and ball-breeds. Now a Democratic congressman comes out and says that the records of congress will probably show that Garfield was not at Washington at the time the Chinese letter purported to have been written, as he remembers there was an important vote taken in the House on that day, and from that circumstance rememticrg that Garfield wss not present If true, this proves the forgery of the letter be yond all cavil. J. W. Rawell of Randolph, has resigned is position as reporter of the Suprrme court, fori jog spparrntly sun- of an elmioo at the bench. E. F. Palmer, the Representa tive from Waterbury bas been appointed to succeed him. 1 The legislature took a recess over from Friday to Deo. 3. The closing scenes be fore the adjournment were disgraceful in the extreme. The Senate defeated motion to reconsider the bill to reduce the number of judges from seven to six, which it had before defeated, and a joint assembly was held to elect the 7th judge But a few of the factions advocates of "economy" defeated it by filibustering, Though the speaker's desk was piled with unfinished business, they made ail sorts of dilatory motions and called for the yeas and nays no less than 10 times. Thus they frittered away the whole afternoon and broke up the joint assembly, with out anything being done. Though the Legislature has now been in session six weeks, nearly as long as the usual term, it has succeeded in passing only 36 bills, and those of no public importance what ever. It bas been oostijg the State almost twelve hundred dolllars apiece, to patch np illegal grand lists, change somebody's name or pass some charter of incorporation. f there was only a fair prospect of fome sensible measures being taken on tlie great questions of taxation and reform, this shiftlessness in the past would be more endurable. BiAtNE riddles the suggestion of mak ing ex-presiuents life senators at large very effectually. He savs that under the rule Virginia would have bad at one time five senators, and Ohio would be likely to have four or more. Si'eaker Randall's majority in his Congressional District is 3,004, as against 2,010 iu 1878. This is a substantial and just tribute to a gentleman who will probably leajj the opposition in l::? next House, The outcries of the Persians acainat me naroariiiea 01 tne Kurds sound rather strange side by side with the news that tney themselves have j-ist destroyed twenty-nve .urdisn villages. Yesterday was a double holidav for New York the anniversary of the Brit ish evacuation of the citv. as well as the day of thanksgiving.' The veterans of the war ol 1812 bad charge of the cele- orauon 01 evacuation day. Corruption In Delaware. From Ue MUford (Del,) Kan.J In some hamlets one-fourth of the voters were purchased. Not only men in indigent circumstances, but men own ing real estate to the value of several thousand dollars, sold their voles for 10. (15 and $i0 each. In some ckmm fathers included in the bill of sale the ballots of their sons who voted for the first time. Amoncr these nnmanlv retches were profi-ssing Christians, en prominent in church and Sunday- school work. The evil is so wide-spread that the candidate with the longest puree, o matter what bis Qualification for office, ia almost sure to carrr off the aDinatios, The people of Vermont will not forget that gross inequality of taxation still ex ists, and will havj to be remedied in spite of party liner or affiliations. If the Uepublican party is notauve 10 inis ques tion, the time will come wheu it must step down and out. Brandon News. The Burlington Clipper observes apro pos the "Morey coniession": To put it mild. B. B, Smalley is seldom caught in nolitical trioks.. although we are not re quested to vouch for his striot political honesty. A Vermont legislator can talk longer and say less than any othor man in ex istenco. Jixcnange. The Springfield Retublican assures us that the vision of Grant in 1884 is less substantial even than an ordinary back yard ghost. We shall have no dispute with our esteemed contemporary in re sard to this. It's none of our business. as tresuiy-pamtcd reoeis, traitors ana assassins, we would probally get along as well under Grant at we hope to under Garfield. Ibe probability, however, u worth discussing. Atlanta (67a.) Con stitution. The most vicious feature of our presi dential system, as at present worked, ii the impossibility of providing a skilled and tiained force of subordinates to steady and balance the course of a new and reforming cniet. bood ouicial work cannot be expected or secured if the whole official class is to be changed when ever a Gladstone pushet out a Beacons Hold, oraGarheldafcents to the place 01 a Hayes, to say nothing o the terrible de moralization which results from the use in a presidential election of bribery in the form of promises oftpatronage. New York World. I "I would rather votsYor a long.eared donkey than for you, Mid an independ ent voter to a Gnlvestop nundMntA. '!) oome now I j,ou aught to allow your- 00., w bo inuuuce(ivrs rnmuy lies," responded the candidate. Xhe voter has been puzzling his hetd ever since to find out why the crowd Lilghed.-. Galveston News. 1 I know more about e rank and file of the Northern democrat? than all the ed itors in South Caroling and never had any laiui in them, itiey are a party wun a name, out witiout principle. We Southerners, Democraic to the core, have pinned our faith to tint name, or mere shadow, and, of courts) have lost by it. I have long contendid, that the South should become more nationalized, and lay less stress upon the principles for wn.cu iee and JacKson tought. Uon gressman Aiken of South Carolina. The Democratic party is still a ereat. historical party, but it has no leaders none not one wortby of the name. What it needs more than anything else is a Democratic Conkling. Pulitzer's bt. Louis I'ost-Dispalch. There are many public officers now feasting on Republican spoils who were brave defenders of slavery until the chances of fortune were seen to lie on the side of freedom. N. Y. Sun. GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY. FOREIGN. War between Ezvpt and Abyssinia is expected, orders being issued from Cairo to drive back the AbjSnmiar.s by force. Two thousand troops are at Keren, and a battalion has been sent to Sanhit. It is stated that 16.000 soldiers have left Cairo, and that the klne of Abyssinia is oonvinced that Egypt intends to attack him. Lavcock, the Australian, won the final heat in the international regatta on the Thames, England, Monday, and has challenged Hanlan to a contest foi the championship of the world. The Irish land troubles still continue. Tliir- ty-nino new league clubs were organized last week. It is thought that, notwith standing the assurances that no harsh measures would be adopted, tue govern ment will be pompelleJ to make some decided movement. It is said that Bea- consfield will move for the suspension of the habeas corpus when parliament meets, Healey, ParneUs secretary, bas been elected to parliament. rDul- cigno bas t last surrendered to the Turks. 250 lives--were lost by a steamer collision near Spetzio, Italy. The Hayani polioe have discovered 330 counterfeit receipts for collecting contributions, representing $17,000 in gold. The counterfeiter has been arrested. OOHBSTtJt Mayor Kalloch of San Francisco is now charged with making officeholders. wuom no appoints, pay him a part of their salary.- The California town of Jameson, Plumas County, with 40 houses was wiped out by fire Friday eveaing. Edward Dangon of Kankakee, 111., bas been arrested, accused of poisoning bis four children. A lot of vitriol ex ploded in Lord & Stou ton burg's drug warenouse at luicngo yesterday, and the whole building was destroyed. Twelve persons narrowly escaped. At a reception tendered Joel Hernbree and bis wifeat the residence of thn bride's father. Col. Dail, near Kingston, Tenn., recently, arsenic was used by mistake for sod-i. Six persons have died from the effects and about 30 others are danger ously ill. Margaret McDonougb of w illiamsbnrgn, a. 1 .. bas been com mitted for the murder of her child bv throwing it alive into a vault A reg ular battle in which one man was killed outright and several wounded, occurred last week between the citizens of Fort Pierce, Dakota, and a band of outlaws, who have terrorized the neighborhood for four months. Fint snow storm of the season at New York yesterday. Heavy snow storm in Central Illinois yesterday. The Hudson is closed by ice and the Mississippi is frozen over at some points between Iowa and Illinois. Extreme cold continues through the West Vermont. SHOCKING ACCIDENT. A lighted lamp was knocked to the floor of the Catholic school house B t Win- Vooski, and the clothing of one of the teachers, a lady, was salunitod with tho burning oil and she was so badly burned that she died the noxl day. There Is couxidorablo excitement over the mysterious death of an old farmer naned William dimes, which took place in the town of Sutton, adjoining Barton, a day or two siuoe. The victim is Willinm Ciirnes, Irishman, 60 years old. He settled at Poverty Hollow, and married a widow Cortess. They have frequently quarreled, and at dusk on the day in question, M a peddler named Ulodgett was driving by tlio house, tho old lady called to him from the piazza to come into the bouse, as her man had poisoned himself. Blodgott saw tho dead body of Wui. Carnes stretched upon the Boor, and the wile pointed to an empty saucer standing on the table, which she said had contained stryohnine and sweet ened water, the fatal dose that her hus band had mixed and swallowed. No motive was assigned for tho alleged sui cide, an'Hho next day a post mortem ex amination was held by tho town author ities over the body. While public sen timent hinted at foul play, the evidence in the oase was not sufficient to warrant the authorities in finding a verdiotof this character, and so it was decided that the deceased com mittrd suicide by poison. The old couple lived alone, and the old woman is said to be of a quarrelsome disposition. Carnes is stated to have been worth $2000 and W 'S a bard-working man. The state has finally succeeded in con necting Mrs. Meeker with the murdor of Alice. Mrs. Pookett ol Waterbury testi fied at Montpelier Tuesday, to seeing Mrs. Meeker in a wagon with Almon and little Alice at nearly 9 P. M.. Friday night, wheu Alice was killed, the team being headed in the direction of the place where Almon said poison was given. This is the first witnoss who has identi fied Mrs. Meeker as the person in the team with Almon and Alice. A. H. Atherton, the deputy sheriff who ferreted out the murder, took the atand and start ed to tell what Mrs. Meeker told him relative to little Alice's disappearance when be went to interview hor Monday evening before the body was found. Respondent's couusel objected, claiming that he used undue influence to get Mis. Msekei to tell the story. The Boston train for Uurlington bad a narrow escape near the latter place Tuesday night, a cattle-guard having caught fire and most of the supports be ing consumed as the train dashed over it. Robert Maranville of Rutland, a wood carver and inventor of the Maranville clock and a patent car buffer, was killed Tuesday bv falling; on to a fly-wheel iu the sash and blind factory of Charles Harris. A man supposed to be one Hatch of Norwich, was found frozen to death in a barn at Tunbriage Tuesday. A Huntington man 83 years old was recently sentenced to 75 days in jail for intoxication, nnd was much disgusted when ber son paid his fiues.thinking it a waste ot money. A South Royalton house and carriage and blacksmith shop, with tools and sev eral new sleighs, were burned Friday night the fire starting in the carriage shop; loss vzouu, insured. Rutland's new city charter is said to put all the democrats in one ward, so tbey will stand no chance of securing the control 01 the city government. William Carnes of Sutton died from a doss of poison a few days ago, and it was first suspected that it bad been given him by his wife, but a coroner's inquest has deoided it was a case of suicide. A Burlington girl recently had one of her teet modeled in marble and gave It as a paper weight to her betrothed for a birthday present, but the unfeeling wretch put H into the foundation of his house. The discovery of a rich oopper mine is reported from Strafford, and a compa ny are endeavoring to get an aot of in corporation in order to work it. Eben Woodard, an old citizen of South Royalton, purposely olioked himself to death with a handkercbief the other day. The trial of Emeline Meeker and ber son, Lewis Meeker, for murdering little Alice Meeker at Waterbury last spring, began in the Washington county court at Montpelier Monday. Mrs. Meeker insists upon a separate trial. Young Lewis Meeker pleaded not guilty. New Hampshire. A bar-room fieht took nlncn in thn Somerworth house. Great Falls, Friday night, in which Sanborn, the bar-keeDer. was dangeronsly wounded by one Knox, who has been arrested. The oldest voter in the state is aairl to be William Masters of Stratford. 110 years old. The bodv of William (T fVinnrir nf Blue Hill. Mo., a seaman attached to thn schooner J. J, Clark, has been found in the mud at Fredick's wharf, Portsmouth, wun luuiuauoos OI IOUI Dlav. Thn van. sel arrived in Port Saturday nOnmnnn nun mo msi, Been 01 uonerv a ivn was about 7 o'clock thai nicht nn thn wharf His face shows some cuts, with a Severn gasn on one side of the head. The macbinerv of the old stntn-nriaon at Conoord will be at once moved to the new one, and everything is expected to be in readiness for the convicts next week at the new building. Hiram Judkms of Salmon Falls at. tempted to shoot his father while drunk a few days ago, and, on the gun being taken from him, stabbed the old man in the abdomen, indicting possibly a fatal wound. The asiirnee of the snsnendnd Arm nf Perry, Balwin & Co., of Concord states that all matters are perfeotly square, and that the disapperanee of Baldwin some time ago was on business connect ed with the firm. Nicholas Zembelli was probably fatal ly injured Tuesday, by some earth fall ing upon him while at work on Frank Jones's summer residence at Portsmouth. Hale's woods in Barrinirton. which have belonged to the Hale family for more than a oentury and a quarter, were -A .1 U r mn - louuuny auiu lor ojq,wu. Massachusetts. Mrs. Mullen of Natick was found dead in a coal-bin In ber oellar Tuesday, with ner nead crushed, but her death is sup posed to be due to accident. Rhode Island. Donahue Froeman shot nnd probably fatally wounded Peter McCauly at Cum berland, Saturday, MoCauly having just orosen open ireemau s door alter being warned 10 go away, freeman is a col ored men, wh-we white wife, it is charg ed, had received attentions from MoCau- ley. AH the parties were intoxicated. recman gave himself up to (be ofifeerg. Maine, The clothing of James Sbanrahan, employed in a pulp mill in Canton, re cently became entangled in a moving belt but he. by bis great strength, was able to seise the belt and actually stop the mill, thus saving his life, though his clothing was completely stripped from his body. Wants 1. ihs Republicans lake insir own Doss. Mr. JCditor. Your idea of punishing political knavery ia good but inadequate, lor neither the present administration nor the Republican party in general, are not in the habit of convictinir and nun. billing those men who do its dirty work. The Republican party is too shrewdly managed to thus thin and weeken their votiny, and fighting rank and file. Tho Democrats have learned them to many lessons by weeding out political rascals, and thev never will do it : tbev want the money and the votes of all of ttiese knaves, and paramount to every thing else they want and must have year alter year at every election these men ot bnuen lacto and knavish charactor to enrry on their political iniquity, aud year alter year iniquity is plunged deepor into the sacredness of the ballot-box, and the time is not far distant, in fact if it has not already come, that the purity 01 tne ballut-box bequeathed to us a century ago by the blood and statesmanship of the noblest patriots and wisest statesmen that ever lived, has become but a delu sion, a mockery, a snare. Why is it that Republican organs are quaking about the electoral count in two western Btatos, ana me empire hihiu ( Are their conscience stung by what hap pened four years ago, or what has been perpetrated at a more recent date ? Are they quaking for fear that the trap that they set and sprung four years ago is now wider opened, and that with but a twist would swallow them up for the next four years. In 187U, Mr. Tilden'a apparent majority in Louisiana was about 8,000 in a vote of 160,000. Iu 1880, Mr. Garfield's majority 111 Jxew Kork, trom lo,0U0 to i!0 000 in a vote of 1,200,000. The Republi can theory four years ago was, that Louisiana was naturally a Republican State that Republican voters were int imi dated, and that the state belonged to Mr. Hayes. Now iB it not easier to suppose as New York being a Democratic State, that Mr. Garfield's apparent majority was obtained by buying and intimidating Democratic voters, and more easier to be lieve, when Mr. Tilden's majority of 8,000 in Louisiana, would be an equiva lent of 60,000 majority in New York for Mr. Garfield. Shall Republicans live up to the laws they make. The constitution provides that every state shall have the riuht to prescribe "the mode and manner." or of choosing the presidential electors. A Republican legislature of New York in 1870, did prescribe the manner of the electoral vote, "printed upon white paper, captions uniform, with black ink," with no device or marks thereon. The Democratic State Committee issued all the Democratic votes strictly in con formity to the law. The Republicans in many localities wilfully violated their own law, and thousands of these illegal votes went into the ballot-box. Was this done so that their agents could easily check off the votes and know that the voters who had received one, two, three and five dollars, had done their day's work 7 If facts should corroborate the reports fjom Illinois and Indiana, that in Chicago and Indianapolis and at other places, that the pollB were actually closed by Republican officials, while hundreds of Democrats were waiting for the opportun ity to give in their votes, and the most daring, repeating and intimidation of voters unblushingly presented in by Republican Agents. The Republicans in 1869 and 1873, es tablished a president which they deemed just, and Mr. Garfield as a member of Congress, took part in making them to exclude whole states from the electoral count. The news papers now give Mr. Garfield 219 electoral votes. A congressional de cision based upon these Republican pre cedents, throwing out the 21 votes of Illinois and the 15 voles of Indiana, would reduce his vote in the electoral college to 183, and throw the election into the house, and in that event the country would not blush with shame to a decision 8 by 7, and good Republicans and good citizens would accept the legitimate elec tion of Hancock and English as Demo crats, and good citizens accepted the election of Hayes and Wheeler. The reports which came from Washing ton from high authority, if based upon facts, that all the head cabinet officers upon the eve of the election were absent from tneir departments, and tnat unom- ciai men ana strangers were permitea to overhaul and examine the records in the various arc-hives of the government. Was this done without a oumose 7 Was there a design ever steeped in deeper iniquity? The Republican rule reaches over 20 years of the history of this govern ment, nnd none but Republican eyes have ever examined these records. llus is a precident unknown in the history of the government. In 1876 it was generally believed that Mr. Tilden had received a majority of tlie electoral college upon the face of the returns, but concress throuerh the elector al commission, by the voice of Mr. Gar field a visiting statesman, and by the vote 01 mr. uarneiu npon the electoral count, declared that it was a mistaken belief, and that Mr. Hayes was the lawfully elected presidentand the American people loyally acquiesced in the decision of congress. In 1880 it is generally believed that Mr. Garfield has a majority upon the face of the returns. Now if congress when there will be no dead lock between the two houses of congress, shall after probinu this roten body politic to the bottom, shall find that tins is a mistaken belief and shall declare that General Hancock has received a majority of all the lawful electoral votes, and shall declare that he is the lawful elected president, then the American people will loyally acquiesce in the decis ion of congress. November lfl, 1880. LooqI Nows. Looal Notes and O-ossip. There will be a vesper sorvioe In the Universalist church next Sundny even ing. Subject of the pastor's remarks, "A full reward." Oystor supper and sale of Christmas gifts by the Unitarian people at Crosby opera hall December 7th. Hon. Geo. Howe leaves soon to spend the winter in Washington. W. F. Richardson lits the roof on his new burn, rebuilding on the site of that recently burned. Most of the local blacksmiths worked through Sunday in order to render trav eling possible on the icy roads. Quilp says the result of the liquor law enforcement amounts to just this: If one wants It fur sickness he can't got it; if he wants it to drink somehow lie man ages to find it. Capt. R. W. Clarke opens a law office in roBtiy oiock, next Monday, In tho room adjoining that of Lawyer Stoddard, Rev. Mr. Green's sermon Sunday morning was appropriate to Thanks giving. The suhjeot of his leolure next Sunday evening is: "Jesus' teachings as 10 wiioi uu win no tor mankind. oeuu-.ui ruuur oas Deon makinc Bi. periments to determine the condition of the atmosphere in the House of Repre sentatives, and has attached a Thermo stat, by moans of which a bell is runir in the engine room at every change of tne tnermometer indicating its position. Thanksgiving trade was unexpectedly good on the narrow gauge. There were 60 passengers down Wednesday morn ing, and iuu to return, so that even by using an excursion car, tbey were not all able to get seats. Mr. D. J. Smith of Boston Mass. spends Thanksgiving in Brattleboro. C. W. Stewart has bougot the Williston estate between Elliot nnd Spring streets, and proposes to put up a dwelling house, Under the postmaster general's order. the annual count of all mail mutter orig inating in the Brattleboro port-office for one week, begins on Wednesduy next. Dec. 1st. Save money, time, labor and risk by ordering your papers and magazines through u. W. Wilcox, ut the post-office. Special inducements in the way of re duced rates on all the leading periodicals. Dr. J. Draper reads the paper at tho first meeting of the professional club, next Wednesday evening. Subject, "Professional Men nnd their Duties to Themselves and the Community." War is declared on Tut key this week. A dangerous counterfeit of the fifty cent coin is in circulation. Its bogus qnalitius, by ordinary examination, can be delected only by the ring. Messrs. A. W. Jackson & Son show us volume ol the Lund Records of Marlboro, bound in Russia a job which they have recently completed at their establishment. It is a neat and skilful piece of work. U. W. Frink, who Is workine np a very handsome trade in Hampton watch es an d rings, has just put in a large stock of ltulies and gents plain gold bind rings and otters some lamous bargains in watches which he sells for $7. It is both strange and Bad that so large a proportion of our travelling temperance lecturers should be dead beats or villains. C. M. Brown, one of them at North Adama, has just been in a little forgery scrape. The wicked stand on slippery places these days. The band gave another pleasant serenade Friday evening, E. M. Applin, drum ma jor, congratulatory of his recent marriage, Ap served up the oysters and cigars in flue style. Hon. Horace Hoskins of Boston briefly visited his friends hereabouts this week. Mr. G. W. Holhrook has accepted an engagement as book-keeper for R. II. White & Co., the great dry goods mer chants of Boston, and leaves about Jan uary 1st. Col. Hooker, so the newspapers say, has covered into the State treasury his pav of S3 a day for the 26 days during which he was absent from legislative duties in New York. Thus, according to the lyfontpelier Watchman, he "exhibits that due sense of honor which has always been attributed to him." Hancock's Native County. Pennsylvania's official vote shows the following details: Montgomery, Han cock's native county, is carried by Gar field by one vote, the figures standing, Garfield 11.026. Hancock 11.035. Mont gomery township, where Hancock was horn, gave him a majority ot 18, a gain of 8 votes over Tilden s majority in 1876. According to Petroleum V. Nasbv, the future of the Democratic party is not full of encouragement "Ef the De mi criy of Kentucky," he says, "hev to go on four years more, euhsistin' on husks, and gittin its likker on credit half iu votin strength will hev passed in its chips and gone into the hereafter. We hev tested our endurance to the last pint and the strained bow wont bold oat any longer." I According to Quartermaster-General Meigs, in the eighty national cemeteries there are buried the bodies of 147,495 men whose names are still nnknownl Of the known there are 170,997, and therefore nearly half these graves are of men of whose identity every trace is gone. Before the war it cost tiiOO to be elected Congressman in Boston. Now it costs from If 10,000 upward, and the Boston Journal wants to have the city divided at the next apportionment into two districts, one of which shall be strongly Republican and the other strongly Democratic, In order to check the growing demoralization of Hub politics, "Tho Boy Should be Believed." Mr. Butterfield of Whltinsham. was the victim in the house recently of a sharp though biaokEruardinsr thrust from Mr. Hinckley, of Cbelaaa. Tha dubate was npon the bill giving to probate courts tue rigni to cnange names nnder a gen eral law. Butterfield was strenuous in opposition and, by way of illustrating h. point exclaimed, "Why, if this bill s ould pass there is no reason why my ten years old boy shonld not get his name changed without consent 1" Cuick as thought the ex-lieut Qoy. was on the floor. "Mr. Speaker," said he, "I think that in all conscience the boy should have the right to be so relieved," Roscob Conkunq is to-day the dic tator of the Republican party. The ad ministration of Mr. Hayes turned Chester A. Arthur out of the offloe of Collect r of the Port of New York. Mr. Conkling bas made him Vice-President eleot. Gen. George H. Sharpe had lo leave his fat office in New York, and Mr. Conk ling made bim Speaker of the Assembly. Alonzo B. Cornell got the grand bounoe rom the Hayes people, and Mr. Conk ing made bim Governor of New York. THE LATEST, A CONDE-K-D M CRDKRBB MARRIID wrrniH a jit hours or his bxecu tiok. Marcos Hawley, to be banged to-day for the cold-blooded murder of Zacba- riah Hayes, was married in jail at Salem, Va . yesterday, to Nannie Hawkins, who has borne him two children. He was subsequently baptised. An Episcopal minister officiated at both emmoniea. The peace negotiations in Sooth Amer ica have again been declared at an end. Frank Stock well and wife have hosts of friends, and so a surprise party of 25 or 30, gathered Saturday evening at their Clark-st. home, to compliment them on the date of their "crystal wedding." Warm expressions of well wishes, with a "sleepy hollow" chair, a fine new dress for Mrs. a., and a wealth of other fine presents, were the features of the pleas ant evening. At the annual meeting of the Choral Union the followingofficers were elected lor the ensuing year : rresident . Geo. M.Taylor; vice-president W. H. Taft; secretary and treasurer, Annie Stevens; executive committee, L. W. Hawley, (J R. Stevens, E. L. Parker. This society will begin rehearsals Ibursday evening, December iid, in (Jrosby hall. We un derstand it is for mutual improvement in singing without any concert in view, and a cordial invitation is extended to alftnterested, to be present and join the chorus at tnat time. Judge R. Tyler was chosen chairman of the state returning board of county clerks at Montpelier last week, to can vass votes for presidential electors. The highest vote for Republican elector was that for S. S. Thompson 45.091; the lowest that for Gen. W. W. Lynde 45,083. The highest Democratic vote was that for F. II. Biuoom of Montpelier 18.182; the lowest that for . N. Bullard 18,172. A correspondent of the Bellow.) Falls Times bints that the stories of S. M. Waite's exceeding poor health are man ufactured to create sympathy for bim, and that the county jail is not in any such wretched condition as represented. There is also some "talk" in Fayettoville that Waite is "making" bis sickness so as to postpone trial, and both the correspond ent and gossips argue that a sharp look out should be kept, or the bird will fly away. At any rate, if Waite is playing sick, be does it vory skillfully; all the of ficers and newspaper men who have been to see him, are positive that be is a sick man. The Festival and sale of dolls by the young ladies of the Mission Circle, at the Academy Hall rridav evening proved a decided success. The decorations of Hemlock boughs interspersed with Chi nese lanterns were very pleasing, the arrangement of the dolls in groups quite artistic, the fancy articles just what every one seemed lo want and the sup per exceptionally good, There were recitations by Miss Sarah Sawyer, and little Mary Richardson; and songs by the children of the Circle. The beautiful doll's chamber set on one of the tables was made and presented to the Society by John Honkel the son of the Cabinet maker. The Phoni doesn't deny that S. M. Waite used to control it and do a good part of its editing, not because it isn't willing to lie about it, because the evi dence is too conclusive. It contents it self merely with whining that Waite should "tell of it," and says it is due to its "fearless exposure of his crimes." 'Fearless exposure" is iromi, exceedingly good. It was just that kind of "fearlessness that a small boy shows who pounds another while somebody holds nim down, or that rampfollowers and bushwhackers exhibited during the war, when they valiantly came up alter a battle and stuck their bayonets into all the dead bodies, and helpless wounded they could find. "Fearless exposure !" Yes, the I'hanix fearlessly exposed Waite, after be had ran away and no more pap could he got from him. It barked vociferously after the hand it had been lirking ani sucking was gone. But when S. M. Waite was in power here, no man ever had a more servile adulator a more devoted flunkey than was it Then whoever sought lo "expose" his crimes was sore to be deluged with vit riolic abase from bis organ. Ibe KB former, week after week, and year after ; year, called for an investigation of tne bank, such as tbe most onlinay boBineas principles demanded, and tha fasraw eohoing the great thief's words, pro nounced it a "scandalous attaok on Brat tleboro's institutions." Indeed. "Wid seme powar the giftle gle us To sue oursols ui illiers son us," What oontemptlble pictures they would see of themselves over at lbs Phoenix office. By an aooident, In tho burry of its "makeup" last week, the Rbfomibb omitted 'its report of the Catholio fair, one of the most brilliant and enjoyable occasions of the season. The ball was filled each of the three evenings and the last evening nearly a thousand peo ple must have dropped in. The re-fro.-hments and fanoy articles were of the usual fine order. In the raffle Pat rick Moran drew agold watoh, Mrs. John Breen a barrel of flour. Win. Martin, an order for a ton of coal, Morris Ryan, a silver pitcher, A. M. McDonald, a nice satin sofa cushion, John Fluhlve, an oil painting, and Mrs. C. C. Turner, a allver onke basket. A grand dance, with nnsic hy Knapp & Burnett's orchestra, closed the last "evening. The receipts were about $1000. The cases of Hildreth & Holmes, manu factures of tanner machinery of Boston against John M. Grout and E. L. Wat erman, which have been pending in the county court, are being heard before J. M. Tyler, refereo, at Davenport & Eddy's office to-day The controversy is over some tannery machinery, costing about $800, which the plaintiffs claim. Grout purchased it in Boston, as agent for his wife, and put it into the Reed tannery building in Jamaica in November, 1877. Grout soon alter failed and Hildreth & Holmes, wishing to save all their rights, bid off Grout's interest in tbe machinery at his assinees sale the next year. The plaintiffs also claim that the sale was conditional, that tbe machinery shonld be theirs until paid lor. Defondant Wat erman, who ownes a large interest in reul estate, claims the mcchinery is part of the real estate, and cannot be moved. That the transaction in Boston was only in the name of Mrs. Grout, in Mr. Grout's in terest, that the sale was not conditional. Mr. Tyler will settle the disputes in regard to the facts, and the case will go to the supreme court in law poi nts. The narrow gauge did not get in till nearly noon to-day. A box car left the track at Jamaica Inst night, delaying tbe up train nil night, so that it was unable to get away from South Londonderry till 9 o'clock this morning. One car also left the track to-day, though causing only about ten minutes delay. The theermometer has been scoring 20 and 30 below aero up in Canada this week. The selectmen's office in the town hall building has been moved to the room for merly occupied by the North Eastern In surance Company. Nelson A. Miles, colonel of the Fifth United States Infantry, has been appoint ed chief signal officer of the army. This gives him the full rauk of brigadier-general. Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Mc Dowell McCook, now on General Sherman's staff, will succeed General Miles as colonel of the Fifth infantry. Helen Potter's Pleiades will occupy Crosby opera hall, Dec. 6th. Tbe one great block to Brattleboro's prosperity, is the lack of a competing railroad outlet to the South. New man ufacturers will not locate here because they cannot get freight rates which will allow them to compete with those in other places. The Estey's wouldn't re main here a day, were it, not for their large and expensive plant of property, and local associations. Four years ago they bad to pay 20 cents a hundred for treighting their organs to south Vernon; they could do it by team for 10 cents and so put on a lot of teams. Then they got the price down to 10 cents, where it re mained for awhile, but has lately been raised to 15 cents. A case of Saratoga water, which Is delivered at Greenfield for 35 cents, here has to pay a tariff of 99 cents. The same outrageous dispro portion has to be paid on all goods from Boston and New York. The result is as our merchants must and do sell a cheap as any where else that business in Brattleboro has to be done at a very much smaller profit and a good part of it at a dead loss. Nobody in town can buy and chip farmers' produce, because tho freights will eat np their profits. No refrigerator carcan be ob tained from Gov. Smith to ship butter in the summer, and so all business men and neighboring farmers have to stand slill and see Bellows Falls, Green field, anil Keene control this bnsiness. O. L. Miner this year shipped 20 car loads of apples to Canada, and had to pay a freight on them of $53 a car to St. Albans, vastly more than it would cost to get them from Chicago. The same railroad management which thus throt tles our local enterprise, has got contract of the narrow gauge, and it looks from the freight and passenger rates that they have established, as if they proposed to manage this in the same way, robbing the counjv wholly of its anticipated bene fits from the line." There must be a change and a new railroad must be got some how or our business prosperity will con tinue to wane. The Conn. River roads' affairs are so mixed with Gov. Smith, and Waite that there is little hope from that quarter. We understand that an effort ia to be made to get a charter from the pres bnt legislature, for an independent line eetween Brattleboro and So. Vernon. Every business man and tax payer in Brattleboro should put his shoulder to the wheel, and help such a road to be built not by bonding but by subscrip tion if in any remote contingency, Gov. Smith should not be able to pre vent the granting of the charter. This has been a week of runaways. Sunday Dr. Dearborn's team, hitched back of the Brattleboro house, got fright ened from some cause, ran up South Main street and overturned and demol ished tbe carriage near Piper's store. No other damage was done. Wednes day had three runaways. The worst was that of J H. Atwater's double team which be left unhitched in front of Starkey & Wellman's store. It dashed down Main and around Elliott streets. collided with two wagons and knocked them clear of the horses, then overtook Dr. Bruce with one of Burke's teams in front of the Farmers' and Mecbauics' Exchange freed the sleigh from the horse, smash ing it badly, and knocked Dr. Bruce to the sidewalk, senseless for a few mo vents, then proceeded np Green street, stringing hitching posts recklessly along tne way, and finally bringing np against a tree on Oak street Meanwhile Burke's horse took a trip by itself np Green, and down School and oack Elliot, streets, till it was caught in Mrs. Simond'a yard. Tbe damage by the scrape, as a whole, was pretty heavy. There is a strong movement among; the political managers of tbe county to elect Hon. C. B. Eddy of Bellows Falls to a plaoe on tbe bench to succeed Judge Barrett. Congressman Tyler was at Montpelier last week in Eddy's interest, and tbe mere sight of bim there was enough to put it into the beads of soma of the rural members to vote for bim. That was all there was of the movement in his favor and this much be bas squelch ed by announcing bis preference to re main in Congress. Very likely Col. Hooker and Speaker Martin favored his selection when he was talked of, but there appears to be nothing more to the report that they "originated" the idea. There is little prospect however, of Mr. Eddy's election, though neither of the southern counties now have any repre sentative on tbe bench. Mr. Eddy is onquestionably a lawyer of large ability, forceful and v goroos. There are very few better triers of cases. But be is a man of very slack business habits and kt may be questioned if be bas fast tbe ju dicial poise of mind needed for tbe po sition. Farther, and mora important than all this, there were evidently bar gains made to compass Judge Barrett's defeat which will probably prevent the election bitting anyone below Windsor County. Doubtful things are mighty onoertain. especially amoosi the trad currents ot politics, bat Ibe mors intel- lurent sToessers turn re it tnat Jodfre w. H. Walker of Lad low. a very worthy and honorable seallemao, will be act ed, or thai tbe amber of Jadge will he reduced 10 six, which is jast Um sensi ble thing to do.