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The Windham County reformer. (Battleboro, Vt.) 1876-1897, April 11, 1884, Image 7

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LAND. Can Thoy he Restored to Fertility.
There is no donylng tlie fact that many of
tbeftirnnin New England are deteriorating.
Their productiveness Is much less at present
than formerly, nd In many instancei Bnf
less voar by year. Their formor fertility has
most cheaply to restore th .
lertlhty is an important problem upon the cor
rect solution of which the success of fuming to
this section in a groat degree !
soil has been depleted by a system of fanning
which has taken away more than has boen ro
stored. Undor such management the result
tSTtnerltalito, aud could easily have been fore-
t0Tue remedy would seem to bo In reversing
this process and in applying to the soil such
qnantUic. of plant food In available form as the
grow tag crops may require. In what form and
what source shall this plant taod
A Dlenty of stable manure would doubtless an-
tu assert that If the crops of the farm are leu
JpXVStae. and all the fertilizing to
monts saved and restored to the soil there
won d bo sufficient to maintain the present far
tiZ. This is probably true, but -at -prMen
managed there is aptto be a loss. Besides his
Sere are very many farms that need something
now thon jt sufficient to maintain their own
They need to be made much more produrtlw
or the mortgage will increase in size instead of
d ashing! Buttothta neo
ductiveness something more than the mere
Sg out of the scanty crops and the aPPl fa
tten of the resultant manure is needed. It Is
evment that something from outside fources
must be secured. Shall the owner ol ! .nth
farm who has determined to improve It, de
pend upon-commercial fertilizers, or shall ho
C g aln to feed to stock and in that manner
Sase the size and value of the manure heap
We have in mind a farm of about loo acres
which U a type of many others about the conn
S This farm was sold a short time since for
J&O, a little more than one-half he co t 15
voars aco A large portion of tho hay tor the
fast few y art fcu been sold, and but hto
8?ock has been kept so that the farm Is well
worn, most of the fields yield a scanty crop o
Stop. Now what course shall the .present
owner pursue in order to restore the lost ferUl
fty to the farm and at the same time make a
living. This may seem a difficult task, but It
roust be done or the farm will again be sold to
satisfy a mortgage. If tho owner had plenty of
capS wUh whifh to purchase fortlUzers i the
question would be very much simpl fled, for by
the judicious use of abundant capital, almost
any question in farming can be solved. But
-capital is not always abundant with young
men who purchase wornout farms in Vermont.
The first great need of course is fer Uizeis, for
without these his labor will be in vain. To in
crease the size and value of the manure heap s
the first and most Important, work, for this
means an increase of the fertility and produc
Uve capacity of the soil. With this end in
view the first thing to be done is to tear up the
stable floors and remove the rich fertilizing ma
terial which has been accumulating there for the
past 20 yearB or more. This, added to the lim
ited supply to be found at the stable windows
will fertilize the garden and a small field of
com and potatoes. But if he does nothing
more than this each year the farm wi 1 only
hold Its own. The man who gets a living by
the cultivation of a farm must sell some of the
products, and he will improve his farm much
faster if these products are in the form of fat,
because with fat he sells no fertility. This be
ing the case perhaps the best stock that he can
keep will be dairy cows the, selling product of
-which is butter. As upon the farm that we are
considering, the feed in the pastures is mostly
white top, and as this is of very little value if
allowed to head out, but If "closely fed during
the season Is worth something, then it follows
that It should be closely fed. To do this more,
cows should be turned m than the pasture will
support, and the deficiency supplied at the barn
with a ration of bran, corn meal or cotton seed
" meal, or all combined,- ns tho -case may., be.
Good cows should be keptj such as with the
-care indicated above will yield a product of at
least two hundred pounds of butter per year.
Regular customers should be obtained who will
take the butter each week. This will give
ready money, with which to pay current ex
penses, " .
For the purpose of utilzing the waste pro
ducts of the dairy let several early pigs be pur
chased. These, if weU fed will Ixs made fit for
the butcher by early winter, and if disposed of
at that time will yield a profit besides adding
materially to the size of tho manure heap. To
' eke out the feed in the pasture during the sea
son of draught which is pretty sure to come at
the latter part of summer, a field of fodder corn
must be planted, even if fertilizers have to be
bought. .
The cows should be stabled during the sum
mer and the manure mixed with the proper
amount of absorbents, and sheltered, Irom
m pig-pen and cow stable there will have ac
cumulated a large quantity of the very best ma
nure. Here the question of the application of
manures comes in. To increase the production
ef grass must be the object at present. A hat
ever may be said about the importance of pro
ducing our own corn, it will not 1 profitable to
undertake to raise it at first very extensively
upon a wornout farm in Vermont. On such a
farm grass is more easily and profitably grown.
Instead of following the time-honored system,
which has been practiced during the last few
iterations and under which the farms have so
many of them reached their present condition
ririi!t- fim farmer must cet out of the
iuivn.".j , . .
ruts. He must avoid the practice of putting
aU the manure each year upon a Biuuu
corn to be followed the next year by oats and
seeded to grass a course which of necessity
takes a greater part of the plant food from the
manure which was applied to the corn crop, so
that at tho end of the rotation, the soil is in no
better condition to produce a crop of grass than
when it was first broken except that it is in bet
ter tilth. The better way would be, during the
n m hroak nn a few acres of this
VUIUIII& All", '
woi out land which gives now about one-half
ton of hay per acre, anu eveniy Bureau mi m
;,.rtn,i fnn-nwn elioiit ten loads per acre of
that excellent manure which has been saved
during the summer. Harrow down nne, get
41. -x.il .Tiallnnr and snw a ilcntv of crass seed.
This, if the work Is well done, will give .a good
crop of grass next year anu ior ncvcrm jcni iu
..whnnt tlin intcrvenine and exhausting
m;wv iwjv - -
t.tos of corn and oats. There are other things
connected with the management of such farms
.that we wlU treat oi nereaucr.
Hint on Maple Sugar Making.
. inu-r ivtl T1ABK MAPLE SUOAH.
Th roonnfartni-G of nianle sugar Is becoming
-an important industry. The demand for fine
- . 1 - 1 .I.- .....wvACA
articles of sugar ana nioiusscs " "i-!
Only a small per cent of that which is made is
. ix.. nni. article. Nearly all sugar or
chards are capable of supplying us with fine
The fault is with the maker if they are not ob
tained. In making sugar as to grauc, as mucn
.1 J- AM iu tnfllvMtt nl oa tinnn (111 mptliAil.
UtltmtB uu lire iiminwuB.. 1 -4 "
home men will make very nice sugar with sheet
iron pans, while others make poor and dark
... . . i 1 1
sugar even wita an evaporator, a biiusuuu anu
.tnintir nan wlllVnalrM rnnr smrar prpn with
the best of tools and by the most approved
.i , .
There are very many points that serve to vary
the quality or grade of the products of the sugar
orchard. If one would succeed in raising poul
try, he must acquire a knowledge of the bird
nH Ita tinlilti- Tf nne wUhea in lb tirr-eKfifiil
in farming, be must understand the nature and
ruake-np or ootu sou ana pianu. emcees in
any trade or industry is in ratio with the
amount of knowledge that is brought to bear
npon it. with the sujrar industry, the better
we understand the inside make-np of the tree,
iu habits, the lawi which govern the flow of
..n a Icy. (1:A Ift-ar which mntrrtls and makes the
various grades of sap which lie in all parts of
. . i , . r.. I - .1.-1! 1. :
tOe IrCC, II1C tUUlV BUIT1?3S1U1 " C BUBll ire ill lilt
urt. rrob-bly in no industry is there so little
absolute knowlodge of essentials as utilized
.... nt moiiln Eiiirnr. According
early tradition, it we only got ft hole in the tree
and spoilt it into a tuu, unu uoh uutyh, v....
all that is necessary. Well, this old Indian
style ot work will rosult lu an ordinary quality
of sugar, but higher grades are now domanded,
with prices accordingly. .
Moro knowledge on this subject is absolutely
necessary to success. This Is obtained by study ,
observation and experiment. I have studlod
the maplo,-and experimented with it for fifteen
years. I have drawn its sap from clrcuinier
ence to centre, and from fifteen foot below the
stump or bottom of the tree to the top, or among
thA n,nli thirtv-six loci mgu. i
that sap vorlos in three respects in all parts
Tt ,iur,.ra in piinr. sweetness a
WVIJ UVOl Mi.iv.- . l T
density. From any oruinaiy u v..
draw sevon varietlos of sap, and from a very
largo 'treolcan take ton varieties, which shall
be so distinct one from another that no two por
sons can mistake their ditferenco.
I have tested this with soveral Individuals on
several occasions, and always with the same results.-
Two. men may bore the same sugar
placo i one will make white sugar and the other
Sark sugar, tho only difference being in the bor-
'"f'have a good illustration: A few years since,
in the summer season, I mot an old BUgar mak
er who makes very nice sugar. lie said to me,
I have made dark sugar this year, and I do
not know the reason, neither can any one tell
me: how can you explain the matter? 1 re
plied at once, "Vou bored deeper than common,
Sid you not?" "I was sick,'' he answered, "at
the time of tapplgn, and my hired man tapped,
and since getting better, while helping gather, I
pulled out several spouts and found that he had
bored considerable deeper than I am in the
habit of doing, but I did not realize before that
such a course would account for the dark
It is ft fact that the deeper we bore the darker
Is the sap and sugar. Sap near the centre en
trees is but little better tbaa water; it weighs
the same, two pounds and one ounce per quart
by my cup, while our ordinary and average sap
from our store-tubs weighs two pounds and
1 1-2 ounces. Again, the sap Incrcasos in den
sity as we go np the tree, until, as I have found
by experiment, it may weigh two pounds and
seven ounces, taken from tho top ot the tree or
among the limbs. A second-growth sugar p ace,
bored half an inch deep, is capable ol making
very nice sugar, and the trees are injured but
'"contrary to the common opinion, white sngar
can bo made through the entire sugar season by
drawing sap from the snrface, which can be
done bv moving tho tub and tapping in a new
place. ' Two shullow holes will not do the in
jury that ono deep ono will incur. If one has a
second-growth sugar orchard, on dry. rocky
land, scattered In open country, with plenty ot
room for sunshine between the trees, with short
bodies and low bushy tops; and if he uses tho
double-tinned spouts, or tho liurcka, boring on
the south side of the trees one-half iuch deep,
supplied also with the white metal tubs ; and it
he has for a boiling apperatus an improved
style evaporator, ho is armed ond equipped for
making a fancy article of maple sugar.
Waterbury Centre, t.
Timothy Wheeler in Cultivator.
New Jersey intends to have agricultural edu
cation in her'public schools.
The woods of the United States are estimated
to cover 380,000,000 acres, or 16 per cent of the
total area.
It is said there is more food raised in the
poultry yards of Frnnce than In the stalls and
pastures of England.
A little copperas in tueir unnk is an excciiem
tonic for fowls. It is good to ward otf disease,
.1,,. 1Hn if 1M.fntno will ,11ftlrA tllfttr COml)8
red, an unfailing indication of thrift.
A nn a twan a onM in mnlrn inanure worth
814.50. This leaves its cost for stock feeding
very sman. isuv u is prouauie i mo muii
rial value is much less when fed to milch cows
to increase the production of milk.
Where good judgment is exercised in their
use no implcmont is more valuable than the rol-
,l,..a a-a nrna till. loCfi QniTlA ft'OnR Which
like corn, need a light, loose soil where the rol
ler will do more harm than good.
To avoid possibility of balks in sowing grass
..aari it 4o Hatta tv. riii'iilfi thn nnnlitv to be sown
on the field into two equal parts and sow one-
nan across iub omor. i io v.vu ......
this precaution, to lap over a littlo rather than
make a balk.
nvnTioniMB ctftfa flint tllpTA ju TIOW lit
tie doubt as to the value of ensilage as food for
il- A A MnQnf avnoiHrnpn ill its flfl &
fattening material showed 49 pounds in its fa
vor on 6 cattle, as against 6 other cattle fed on
the more common hay and turnips, both lots of
cattle receiving the same quantity of meal and
oil cake.
T1.A nMn..nl laUt r.f fllA nvUMffn CflW lg 4H0
gallons, and as there are 15,000,000 milch cows
in the United States we have 6,750,000,000 gal
lons of milk a year. At 12 cents a gallon this
. .... A.n nnn nr t . 1 fl.nf 1 Hn.,n1
18 WOriU S IU,UUU,UUU. imuuuus . ium
of prime betf is equal to 3 1-2 pounds of milk,
and that a steerurnishes 50 per cent of boneless
beef, It would require about 24,000,000 steers
linn nAiinila Annh tn nrndnce the 'same
VI. A.vu KviMwua V"" I - -
amount of food the 15,000,009 cows supply per
The Red River Valley is thus spoken of by a
disgusted correspondent: "Three months to
grow the crop of spring wheat, yielding but 13
to 16 bushels per acre and costing from 40 to 75
cents per Dusnei, nooui on we uoiiom iuu mm
An tiia .inland a limited market and a
railway monopoly, the extreme northwest will
always remain the Siberia and Finland of our
Continent." This Is not a nattering picture, ou.
is undoubtedly true in a great measure.
It is estimated that 500,000,000 tons of the
South Carolina phosphate rock are within reach
e n;f,.l,1A .,f,.,.lri,.A Tliia 4a nr slinuld. he.
ijl piuiiwmio v"iiift. .
good news for farmers everywhere. The sup-
low, and phosphate rock makes a fair substitute.
7 . 1 11 i . i xi.- r .1. I"l 1 : .In.
lnougn caneu a tock, tue doiuu vaiumm uo
posits were undoulitedly once the bones and
shells of marine animals, and rank next to
bones in fertilizine properties, though of course,
having now no nitrogen in their composition.
About 300,000 tons of their deposit were ship
ped north last year. Tho results are so favora
ble, and the supply can lie so cheaply obtained,
that this amount is likely to largely increase.
rri.AVA n..a monir nlaiAo in fliiu pnnntrv where
lucio mo iiiinj ...v.vb ' - - -
the inferior grades of wheat are now relatively
clicaper as ioou iur siucii. muu cimm vuva v.
corn. It is very probable that some of the poor
i. in hnia irnne as food for
WliUUK giunii . v.u o " , xi
horses, and will never find its way to market in
flour. Whole wheat ground makes a strong
feed for working horses, and, considering tne
nii nn..i,nt noAdAil far A Rinrrle feed, it is verv
often cheaper than oats. Whole wheat for fowls
is always most economical wuere large prouue
tion oi eggs is desired.
Tiw.,;.il riminra nrrt u-pl! RWArp. thfit there is
a difference in the value of different varieties of
corn for fodder, me soutnern or western cora
111 ,l.a fTWiatnuf wAiidlt at fepil. hut In
duality some of the sweet varieties will quite
make up ior tueir uiuiiuer biiu. mumo im-ivip
find even so dwarf a variety as Early Minneso
. .VAn,Qi.ia fir fnAilinrr. Tta Rniall. sweet
stalks and abundant ears are very nutritious,
and are greedily eaten green or dried.
A flock of sheep wilFVork up a more valua-
1.1 ;1a nrtnonnni frnm tliA cnillA foAll thntl 811V
I.IO jlllO 11 1. 1 1 1 1 ... i v ..u.u " j
other stock. In winter their tread Is not so
heavy as to prevent ngnt rcrmentation oi tue
a.".m ;i miiinh iaflnifl iitiAil fur immediate
juttnuiw J'".., " ... . - - - - -
..in. Ti. iiimmor thpv Hpnncite their droo
ping more evenly than any othar grazing animal
during mo uay time, anu hi mgumiu -oio..
some dry, poor Knoll to enrich. The Spanish
proverb is true which says : "The foot of the
sheep is goiuen.
More-people are made poor by keeping dogs
lUttii is cuuaiy jkuivunj .
had a doff come with, some relatives who were
visiting hira, and he noticed that the presence of
al.A ...Ia1 nnn irnint fl it ttnfi 11 tr mnnntl Y ! a
nlf-- A ttnr 3 nr A Aara lira fnnnrl tlift minnlv
UUUiU J .nv u wi - ' F r
of eggs rapidly declining, and the decline con
tinued Until Hie annual was liii.cn una.v. in n
week's time he reckoned that he easily lost f 2
worth of eggs from the worrying that his fowls
ITnttpn vnml hnf Btrflur. rllinn and Slli'll anh-
stance are excellent manures for fruit trees if
properly used. If kept In a pile in a moist
place, and a little quicklime tie added, the acidi
ty of the decayed wood will be neutralized and
I . n mnliwial. nil! n I, ill II 1 'll IT1 flW T"H 111 1 1 1 V T " II .
IIIO lUUKimi. " " ...... u ...... . J - - - -
less pretty tboronghly decayed, the sultan-
ces sbotiiu not i useu ior muirucs.cu;., as uivj
mB hapluw, fx... Imam, If in ifirteiilpraMA
quantities in shaded places they are also too
SOUr TOr tue gOOU OI ll,C irw. nmu-iiiuu
usuallv needs to lie composted and lime added
liefore'it is fit to use. Tnie muck 4s thoroughly
f.: .1 I. .1 nl.pivA.t 1 l.a anKGlnnun nciiatlT.
11 Ixiiiic aim iiiiii.iii.i.u. x . . buu..hi.
so called Is more properly peat, containing nn-
uecayea iem roots ana sour Tcrruiuiu iim.Lcr.
Mulches sbonld nrt lw removed from plants too
earlv. A sndden freeze in late Jpring may ruin
plaiits which 1 10 re the winter well.
r u a...n imnnrlv nf tlin Peonln'i bank
of this place, has beon appointed teller as well
ma lifinklinnnnr nf the Millers River national
bank at Athol, Mass. .
It Is suggested wioi a imiuuor uibu"
tenement houses would find an easy rontal.
Scarcely a day passes without a demand from
various sources for tenement accommodations.
Hero Is an opening ior a goou iiitusuhduv
oapltnl that will pay a fair per cent.
II. C. Williard, who for several years past
has made a speciality of handling the cholcost
maple sugar, has an ordor for tv box to be
m,nt. tn tim United States consul at Ilrema,
Gannany' anothor to Albuquormie, New
MeXICO. 110 Utt 1UBU uiuum "
Md.. Omaha, Neb., San Francisco, Cal.,
m.i' 111 Auri a inn tnr Deliver. Col. lhe
uuicauu, xiii, mil. ..... . ,
ordsrs are from old Vermont residents, who
acknowledge Vermont sugar to oe mo m
the world. Willard has also a very excellent
brand of maple syrup.
tx 1. ..,. ,l xi,f ii,0 iimtlnenii men of
Brattleboro organize a "Commercial Club like
that of Burlington and so many other large
i .a n..i,iw.ita a iiA.tpr mutual ncnuaint-
anco. and strengthen one another in every way
. . . -r . , . . 1 j . Al.-i- annli ait m ifanif a.
tion would be most pleasant, and there is no
I... U ol.ni.Kl nf hA nil flllOG'Saftll as
the Professional club, and it could do a large
work lu jjraitieooros upuuuumn. "
move in the mattor f
iri AlAli Tlavia aafllRtant editor Of the
xixlia .xuixiu x 1 x.-" .
Rkfoumke is taking a few weeks vacat on, of
ter a year and a half of the most constant and
unremitting work. Miss Davis, like a number of
-.i v..-i..i.t. , nA . r, ri rn rwi ant wnni,n in the coun-
try. has proved her high capacity for journal-
iSUC work, mere are oumo ucimii.i.v.1.-x .
work, like reporting lectures, speeches &c., in
1.1.1. .1.. . in-piiii and nr ireneral odi-
WU1CU DUO UM 1IV1 1 O - .
torial work, she ranks among the best, and has
added materially to uio Tigui mm w.ur.v..
glvenessofthellBFoiunEn. During her vaca
tion she will write tho Reformeh a fashion let
ter from Boston.
--The Carpenter organ company is now got-
X,-- -.,,,i thn VAuth'a Comnan-
nn 1111 n now wsau wi ::. , r
ion, of which about 1200 a year will be used.
Thoy ngnre it nere mm xxuuei w i.vn
England National committeeman who has been
t..ii..r of rnisliixf SbIOO.000 to buy up Southern
delegates for Edmunds, ,
Rather a singular piece 01 miscuier occur
red Saturday nt3ht at the house of Patsey l)im-
j -iirast .imi hridirA Ditndan and his
wifo passed that night at the house of his
motner. me wiuuw xuuun "
..nni. AntrltlA hnllflA Nfl. f). On retlim-
in;? home Sunday morning Dundan reports that
no IOUI1U IUO uuuoo fc,.i ; ' a
oiv nanoB nf rrlriq were broken from
one window and an entire sash from another.
Four lines of clothes that were left hanging out
of doors were stripped from the lines and thrown
n 1 l.kiia aw1 matr rr tnA
upon tne tioor 01 tne uouhc, uuu man , ...
',.x ,nH ond atnined nitli lilnoil. Fatsey
claims to have found a hoe minus a handle in
his bed, and whether in ms ansence xuo iiuuod
was nsed as a slaughter pen, or a raid of the
T1....1.! ijn..n..ia waa intended nnon the ffcntie
J)ttSlil-13IHiUUIVO ,1MB ' " " "1 ' I.
Patsey, deponent eaith not, but Patsey has
gone to Montreal to view mo icuui '
val and ponder over a solution of the mystery.
Col Kitredee Hasklns has purchased the F.
A. Nash place.
Erwln Brown of Whitinghain, nas purcuus
ed A. V. May's place on the West river road.
R.I H. Willard and family from West
Brattleboro started for Dakota last week.
Mak Levy, now of New York, leaves the
23d for a visit of a few months to the old coun
try. Dr Gale has sold his interest in the Higby
oAiviiio- mnehine manufacturing company to
Geo. E. Crowell.
Geo. W. Davenport, now of Leyden, was
thrown from a buggy on Thursday of last
week, breaking his right arm at the elbow.
A. J. Weeks of the large drug firm of Potter
B.wir. nf Hoot-mi Kn been b trnestof the Brooks
(X I1GVAOVI xpuuivi. . o - - ; , .
1 .v.,. n tnnr iiaa dnrinir whipn he has been
looking after the interests of his Guilford farm.
The Masons havo been looking over wwis
ton block with a view to purchasing.
It is a prominent local Republican who says
he is much obliged to Cols Hooker and Fuller
for returning to town. For now the fleamx can
in .nmetliinif almut the covernorship and oth
er matters of public interest.
, ..11 I ' - lHx.xf in 4-liA
1 . li. iJiiss nas soiu iub iuvcico- .1.
ti 1. iina. Kii RtnrA frt hm nartner. F. E.
DIUVOB IIUUBB ' ' miviv J '
Drnwn who will here after conduct the business
tinder his own name. He will remove his
family here soon from spnngneiu, reniuniB ou
High Street. Mr Drown has many friends in
Rrnttiehoro who will eladly welcome him to
local citizenship. .. ..
The Montpeller Arus has got it now. It
finds that Col Hooker is not only trying to
t,..f iii after the nension
creep uiiu uiiiiiwap, '. . , rl,.
agency at Concord, worth ?15,000 a year ! The
0 . . X. ! -. . I.. ... ..T.tll ( .1 1 I ' 1 11
"news comes irom uu niraicn nn... ...
gree, who was an aspirant himself ; and as
Capt Cnttle would say it is a fact "when found
to make a note of" unless the Argus "inter-
... x in... xi.. uritU l?rlitx.r
view snouia turn ouv uius lbi m."
Greene on the Billings matter.
Correspondents should always be careful
to put the name of tho town at the head of
their items. Some items we can tell by the
names, &c, but not always. One batch of
items had to go out this week because we were
unable to tma tne snguesi irtice 01 us muuuj
Harding & Jackson, the former skating
ii. ...,. owi flirhtiniT. Tlnrdintr was
arrested yesterday, on tho claim that he was
aoout to leave tue sime, ivr nxm-x. xx
son claims to be due him from the business.
Though both parties live in Fitchburg, the suit
is brought in Vermont.
A now nrrangement has just been effected
t.nK.i.w 41.A ..in tt fra. tmnsnnrtation to Brat-
niiciciijr 1x10 miv v.x v.vH 1 ' 1
tleboro via Greenfield has been reduced to $1.10
against ql.M, tne tornier pricu. uciiu x-
pay $1.00, but has so many facilities of secur
fni hpttpr tmnsnortfttion than Brattleboro that
the rate is from 10 to 20 cents less.
South Windham. Dr Follard has arrived
intownnnd commenced practice. He comes
highly recommended by the medical fraternity-
Mrs Lyon gave the people a sudden surprise
last Saturday by moving away to Springfield.
At the annual school meeting the following
officers were chosen : Ezra fierce, mooeratoi ;
( 'hna. .Tnnes.nriidential committee : F. O. Smith,
clerk and treasurer ; H. S. Kingsbury, collect-
.lump v.. Whinnle. auditor. Voted to have
8 weeks summer, t5 weeks fall, 10 weeks winter
school. Raised 25c on grand list.
M. W. Kingsbury has moved on to his old
place to remain through the sugar season.
The great question now is "shall we repair
the church this season ?" The ladies' aid society
have raised nearly $100 for the purpose, and it
is proposed by the gentlemen to raise two or
three hundred more and give it a general over
hauling and put it in a respectable condition,
both lor beauty ana comiori.
nr... 1 ... inx riatwttfi W.' Knu'inmh who
ncBiiiiuini'ii uwi " - ,1 -
hat been gradually failing for several year
died Friday, at the good old age of 84 yrs.
Charles Sabln and daughter ot warren
Mass. aro visiting at George P. Sablns.
Goorgo E.Motcalf is homo for a low weeks.
1 .nun nf urnrlr linVUBIl WCTO StolOll at Bat-
tlevllle tho othor night, no trace of them yet.
Our highways are gulled out considerably,
and soveral horses have rcelvod Injuries in con
sequence. The rivor cleard ot ico last week, no
.1 .. I x- ni.nnnr,.v in P1T1 SPHPI IICP of
UniUU(U UUUB u nrv..i 1 i iM.
high water hero abouts. Mrs. Holman of 1 itzf
Williams N. 11. is visiting m utr iiun.
v n iill nf iliio lilAPA MTU. Vilinl Of
J. j, xVWUiuumiii v . ' - r-
Westhoro, Mass. another daughter oi Mr. Rich-
' X .1....X l.nA Ki.. wiliivnuil
ordson passed a tow uaj uoio, , ismmvu
home on Tuosday. '
1,11.1.1 rimi'lna f '11 tier hag moved
V lIlllllKiinni' , , , . .
into the Sadawga house, wteiy occupieu wy
Allen Sibley. S. G. Bickford has moved into
. ..1 -x iirklitxlani rinntni tlAlirv
tlto notei at nmuiBu wv.... .
Haynes, who has sold his farm toWinslow
Dix, has moved on to a farm in Rowe, Mass.
Frank Morse has sold his farm to Alvin Dix
son George, and air worse kouik iy u"
to the Harriet Shumway farm. 1-red Wellman
1 .1 v.mila Rtjirk'ft house. H. A.
lias IIIUYCU INW . ...... --- - xl 7
Whoelor is hauling lumber to build a barn this
xx . . 11 I ...III. manliliiaim n Ilia
spring. uaivin uaitoi, " uim-iinivij
own invention, is about to commonce manufac
turing butter boxes at Sadawga.
wr-xx. lrxiiAi nuilnrr tn tile had trflvelinir
ncm nuuiiiAi w.n
last week we did not get iho Reformer until
Saturday. Timothy Larrabco has lost the sight
of one of his eyes. Tom Lambert, who has been
sick with pneumonia for a long time, has so far
recovered as to be out of doors. Willard 0.
Nichols has purchased o farm in Coleraino,
Mass., near Elm Grove, and has moved thereon.
There are several cases 01 erysniciua m hju.
fi.l. .. s ! -.1.. nnma trn nn wflAAlH tlOW. TllA
luo xjojuuh cmB r-1- " . . . . .
.1.1-1.1 ii.ii nf thA nnst. Altliniixfh nlentv
tfieiuiiuiu iq a 111 n'ts v 1 ' . ci 1 ,
of snow is still to be seen. Timothy Larrabee
advertises an auction tue lam.
AVintlliam. A. 0. Mason has let his mill
property to Geo. A. and warren lucuaiusuu,
and moved to Grafton. .
t r vt-aa liaa tnb-An nfrtrm nf vin. Harris.
the James Smith place, and will move on soon.
J. T. Buntnall has let his two farms that J.
A. Whipple carried on last year to George
L. A. Ballon has hired the Lamlphere farm
and J. A. Whipple will carry on the same on
shares for mm. ,
.1 .. x.i uM T A wliinulA werrt mAdn it nil
jut 11 11 1. mi 1 - xi. x,.j..v. r
by receiving an addition to their family, of a bt-
. . .. . , x . i- . nn.u 11 1. A
tie iriri tne morninir 01 tne xmu ui miuvu.
School district No. 1, atitu annual meeting,
. x .1 . . . . 1 . T i lullm.
resulted as lonows: .huuhwoi, u. .iiii
clerk, L. B. Chapman ; prudential committee,
it . .1.1.,. it. ....iiti.ru P. If. Harris. 8. C.
11. .'1 . AUUllUl .mi...--1 x.. -
Woodhtirn, F. H." Harris. Tax raised thirty
.TrsnT Crt cBJUTTii In the popuiaritv of Ion
tr" old Londoa Dock Gin. In all part- of the
world it in we! known. Kold hy dru?vita mnd
trrocrm in lrfMt! only. Itmter liottlinri. ompuiy,
I.'S Water iiwt, Bostoa, eole bottler.
Wliltlngliani. Win5lciw Dix has moved
onto the Haynes farm which he has recently
Newton Chase is iu town for a few days,
from Winchester, N. IU where he has been at
work during the winter.
Frank Morse and family have sold their farm
In the south part of the town, and are about to
remove to the Harriet Shumway farm east of
the center of the town.
Farmers have mostlv tapped their trees, but
owing to the bad weather not a great quantity
of sugar has been made yet.
James Tike has moved onto the farm that he
boiii.bt this winter.
At the town meeting on the 27th ult. it was
voted to rescind the articles voted on March 4,
in relation to the adoption of the town system
of schools and the Vwn commissioners system Of
highwavs, and also to build a tomb at Sadawga
and Jacksonville. -Voted to pass over all of the
articles with the exception of two, in regard to
the setting of real estate from one district to an
other. H. C. Millinstun was elected town su
perintendent of schools, E. H. Porter and F. V.
Stafford were elected text book committee.
Voted to raise l.'t cents on the dollar to be ex
pended in breaking roads during the following
w n T.'TT. menHnff at Mra
iivwiuuci 11. v. " ------ a ;--
Booth's on the 9th. Addison Carpenter has
moved to Marlboro, and Mr Mather into the
1 1... 41ia former. Mra A 11 Mill Kir-
chard will present to Birchard Post a flag and
Stall COSting OU. IUO uuuudv wwdo
i 4-.ni.uT.A,i a moL-A wflv fnr thA tipw hank
building, the plan for which, drawn by G. A.
Hines or urauieDoro, utw ucbu oLxcu;u.-i.
Parsons has been busy this week tearing down
ii, iimic.. imAwn nq thn .Inhnaon nlace.
lilO JlA IIVUOV " " .
Mr Fratt is painting and papering a number of
rooms at tne notei,iresueiiuis miu uu iui oum
mer boarders.
mcr boarders. A leap year dance to-night in
Union hail.
u..,..iixiiiii l ast Rutiirdnv evenlnt? La-
rtiAciwimvi x. . . .. - - ' i
fayctte Division, No 10, S. of T., elected offi
cers for the ensuing qnarter. This Division
commenced with 15 members nearly three years
ago. It has now 7 on us roiusoiue ou ui wuuui
reside in Newfanc and Brookline. During last
quarter there were ao nuuiuuiu, wu nuu
25 by initiation.
wiitntiio-ton. The sticar makers begin to
i i. i!.i Linn 'Tiiiw r TC. Tlftrher. fion.tn-
1UUIV a ULLIO UllxU. x.v.11 V .7 . ' xi 7
of C. T. Beyd, wifo and child, left town this
week for their new homo In Oswego, N. Y.,
wiiern Mr Harher will Breach to his former
parishioners next Sunday. Ho will be greatly
missed nere, wueru u nuimuj u nv-vn ouv.-
,a. manii YrAnrQ. end diirlnf which time
he has made many warm friends outsldo of his
immediate congreuauon. u niuuigiuu lusua o
kind hearted and scholarly man, whose place it
in 1.- i . nil Doaidps the removal of
Will US 11IUJ iu mi. --
his family from our midst is deeply regretted.
We trust, However, uitw " itjr v"i
Hnt. rtAnnln ftrfl Wfl.tP.il illiT With
near miuio. vu cr ,, i
deep interest tho movements for a railroad up
the Ueerlieiu, ana nope win bucu, s
now looks as though it would. George Kendall
rt i..a "nAnninirhnTi hnmn. after a
brief visit. N. W. Sargent is again failing.
Anotuer case oi ecarici. iooi ia ici'mi.
Arvine Bovd. one of our most
esteemed citizens, Is quite sick.
Will Averill is quite sick witu consurapuou ai
the home of his father. Our old friend, Mr
oi i - Dictin mi a In town this week.
Mrs John Stanley has gone to New York for
a visit. it is reporteu tuai riBiuinu i.j.uxiio,
I liia enna nlauft In the dllflffA and will
UUlv-UHOCl "ID OWl. o pxw ... o 1
come here to live. Our listers are on the war
path. W. II. Hawks and tamuy oi ion,u au
ams, has moved into the Estey tenement.
n xil.l ..lAa nam. luion nliL'lniT lin Tflttle
hereabouts this week. Good sugar sells for
1 rt Kn Hf nitiA Inrt-mnil am
14 cents per pouuu. iuu aviuihu luftn
.anitf thnir t-lvup 'Mrivft" immediate! V.
-Let the people of AViImington bear in mind that
some or tne men wuu uro eecreti uiipwoinfi
railroad to Brnttleboro and who are known to
, i ii:. ,i n -iin Umlth itiflnnnnoa ni'A ftU
e cioseiy ttiJiwu. w mo -
bo planning to put thotirtl in nomination
foruign otnee in mis cuumv auu mww.
railroad, that an excellent place to administer a
. i x . xi t.. Kn 1 l.-.f hnv
solemn reouice to demagogy ia ui. un.nu
Scif-seekers and shallow pretenders will conUn-
Anna.t-a no mn lnnrf aa irP. finnrnVS Of tlieif
methods by endorsing their nomination, tien-
tlemen, let your earnest piowjoiB uuun.
. . x. .!i .i.-n n-lin wnil Id be led bv a COl-
IXIUlxyllipi. IU1 wvjav nuw . " ,
lar, and who would bow the knee to a political
DOSS, lllOUgn 11 COlliprouiise a uuai,
Oummerston. Rev M. H. Wells, of Clare-
4. -KT H l.na nnAi.froil a rflTI tn hfpnmfl tllfi
nnotK tP .)m f 'nucrtvcrjitinnftl pnurcLl in
icoiuciib paewi ui "-"-:;
Dummerston, and will begin his service next
. . . 1 I .1.x II .......... l-lt
Sunday. it was rcporieu m mo iimuiii
some weeks ago that tho hiding place of Ben
n.i... .-hi i tn hivn ehnt William French
UU1VC1, I Hi' in omu xx... . -' ' i
at Westminster, March 13, 177a, was in Guil
ford. Now is it truo that Ben Baker shot Wm
French ? It is also reported that French was
shot by a man named Butterfield. It was eleven
o'clock at night when French was killed; how
could any one state positively who shot him ?
Rockingham. J. B. Divoll has been con
fined to his house for some time by severe ill
ness, but is now about his business again.
Levi Kice, of Springfield, has bought ;tho
"Wm Pulsipher" place, and after smaking ex
tensive repairs will move here.
Stephen French is dangerously sick.
Edwin Baker, of Danby, is to work for P.
O'Brien tho coming season.
eleeted rirndentiftl commit
tee in District No. j! and Royal Gamrael in
jmo. .
If any one wishes to see a nice stock of sheep
and cattle, call at J. 11. Kollins, ho has them.
At the "Putnam" auction.on Saturday, the
sheep were bought by J. L. andJ. I. Divoll.
Royal Gammcl Is the successful hunter jn this
part of the town, having killed 23 foxes within
two weeks.
Not much snaar made yet this season.
John Grant has rented the Fay place and is
i carry on the poultry buisiness quite exten
In the death of Mrs Charles Loveland which
occurred at her home, in this place Mar. 22, the
community loses one of its oldest inhabitants.
Having a large family her life has necessarily
been passed at home, caring for her husband
and children. And who shall say that a life thus
. . . 1 I .. ..... a nnlile nne ?
uusrcu 10 iivv m ...... w -
The last few months of her life she was a great
eufferorer, nut "pain is not iuo cuu m uam ,
and having patiently endured the cross.we may
believe that she will wear tho crown prepared
for all who love the Father. She will be sadly
missed by her famlly.yet in their sorrow they
can feci that it Is well with her.
SlAthcns. Ceylon Ball has removed to
Grafton. Mrs J. O. Kingslcy, Daniel I'erham
and Franklin Oaks are all confined to their
beds by sickness.
TownsUend. John W.Johnson and family
have sold out and gone to Plymouth, 111., to
engage in farming. -V beautiful sugar snow
came down npon us Wednesday afternoon and
evening to the depth of 10 inches strong, giving
our sugar makers new hope.
Mr Fred Coombs aud family of Hlnsdalo, N.
II., stopped at C, 1. Stlckncy s the past week.
The many friends of Mrs Haw Icy will be
pleased to learn that both sho and Mrs Lowell
are bettor but still unable to sit up.
Thorn will be a school In district No. 1 the
coming season.
Stratton. A. L. Wheeler has bought the
Ooo Putnam place in Wardsboro, and will soon
move thereon.
K. Allen has traded his place with Danlol
Willis, for the home farm and will soon move
Iiowis Wilder, has a daughter quito sick with
bilious fever.
Lafayette Sprague has gone to Brattlclioro to
work this season.
Londonderry. The listers are appraising
Eroperty this week and numerous tax dodgers
avo taken loavo of us (for a while).
On account of the weather the sparring exhi
bition has been postponed until the 8th of May,
One of tho most sudden and violent changes
In the weather ever experienced took place from
Saturday night to Sunday morning, the latter
being one of the worst days of tho winter to be
out in.
Dr Marden has lot his farm to Mr Younge of
It was voted at school meeting to repair the
school house. Will It be done or dropped as It
was last year ?
Parker & Richardson's quadrille band fur
nished music for a ball at Proctorsvllle Friday
night. -
Miss Lettie Whitman has been engaged to
teach the summer term of school in the village.
Putney. Our citizens met at tho house of
P. S. Hannum, Tuesday evening, to congratu
late him upon the result of tho recent trial, and
express their sympathy and entire confidence in
his integrity of purpose. Mr and Mrs Hannnm
had been invited to spend the evening at the
house of a neighbor. At a proper time they
were notified that they were wanted at home,
but, remembering the date, hesitated at first to
obey. Full possession had been taken of the
house, and they were obliged to surrender.
After music, under the direction of C. A. Tefft,
the largo company was colled to ordor by Walter
Crawford, and Rev N. D. Parsons, in an appro
priate soeech, presented to Mr Hannum a hand
some siim of money to aid him in tho payment
of the necessarily heavy expenses of his defense.
Mr Hannum was much affected at such mani
fest evidences of esteem by his townspeople
He was unablo to more than express his heart
felt thanks
Grafton. Rev M. L. Rugg will preach at
the Baptist church next Sunday at 1 o'clock
p. m. The younir ladies had a leap year mas
querade party at "the town hall Saturday even
ing. All arrangements had been perfected so
that everything was in good taste and much en
joyed. It was unanimously moved and car
ried by the gentlemen shortly before dlspeis.tgn
that the next party be a leap year party.
Bellows Falls.
A. Winnewisser has sold his cigar store to
Kinney & Heckcr, and gone west. A portion of
the apron built to the dam last summer, was
carried away by the recent high water. The
wind and storm of Sunday morning was evi
., .1- x ..! t ft iiuninra fttmlnnn. The Indies
of the Methodist society had a sugar festival at
their vestry Wednesday evening. The Catholic
society will commence to build a $25,000 church
this summer. Ten inches of snow sell Wednes
day afternoon and night. The schools com-
Z 1 nirA.lft.. A linr rf irold weilflllnr? 140
xl.OUv.eu. xuvlliucji. XX. Ill- "x-.n -o
ounces and valued at $2,897.00, passed through
Dy express vveuuesuaji. xu ao mw piwuui,,
a months work at the Plymouth mines. L. S.
Hayes has returned from his trip to Chicago. -
The ladies OI tne uranu Army uuoi., om no.. si
an entertainment at Union hall Tuesday even
in inniis Wlineler X-Marnard's orchestra
turnish the music F. C. Charfran as "Kit,
The Arkansas Traveler unuer me xuuiiuguicun
of Edward D. Murphy, will play at Union hall
nHI 93. Rev N. A. Wil-
Y CUllCOlx.J mv......&, -. I . - ' ,r
Hams, the noted elocutionist of Albany, N. x .,
will give a reacting unuer me nusiiitw m
ladies' aid society of the Methodist church, at
it.i. n lmii Vvldoir ovenlnir. Anril 11. N. G.
V I.1U11 .1 1 ' 1 X IUJ X. I ...... "Ol 1 .
Williams has moved into O. B. Ames house on
School street. F. A. Mitcneli, nany napgoou
and John II. Williams, with their families are
x i i rpumi'a hnlel The treasurer's re-
IAJ iiui.i i . m x v. ! .1 " ......... x
port of the village corporation shows tiie receipts
tO DO aiU,Ul.l", I"" OAlnJUUlHUilW f.l .
leaving a Daiance oi viuoxi.ii.
Its Closing Up nd tho Dividend Prospect
upeneu iti tue ruur oiunuviu. o.
(Sunday Republican Correspondence.)
TU A..kTTiAnf thacA BTi.fa TlT thA HAH S fill t
X ilC OObli..ll&lsii vj-i. iiivav wwvu -j
of alljparties interested, save perhaps Waite, is
important to the stockholders of the defunct
bank, inasmuch as it probably Insures an early
and final disposition of the aff.iirs of that insti
tution, which conld not be settled until these
suits had been disposed of. What are the
stocknoiuers niteiy to uvo irum mo icv.n i
That's a question not easily answered, owing
to the present uncertainty as to what Waite's
insolvent estate will finally pay. It will be re
membered that the bank obtained a judgment
against his estate for something over $70,000,
which will be the. largest claim of the many
presented. The assignees may havo in their
possession $15,000, which was realized from the
sale of Waite's property here, and possibly a
little more. Suppose that the estate pays 10
cents on 1 ; then there would be less than
$7000 to divide among the stockholders from
this source. It may pay moro than this, but it
is hardly probable that it will without happily
disappointing the stockholders. The receiver
of course has a much larger sum than this
which will be distributed after the legitimate
expenses have been deducted. This having
been done, perhaps the sum to be apportioned
among the stockholders will amount to $30,000.
The capital stock of the bank was represented
to be $300,000, but a portion of this was found
to be fictitious, and therefore could not be as
sessed for the losses and will not be reckoned
of course jn the division. Receiver Price, who
has been instrumental in settling these suits, to
the end that he could straighten out the bank s
affairs, is expected here soon, and until his
report is made the nraount to be apportioned
cannot be definitely stated; but in no event
will the stockholders get back the 42a per
cent assessment which was made necessary
by Waite's heavy haul. It is reported
that Waite is dissatisfied with these set
tlements and will move to undo them.
There is a wide conviction that the fruits of his
peculations await his freedom, and snch a con
viction is not calculated to soothe the feelings
of many a financially ruined stockholder.
Whitingham votes to rescind her, ."March
meeting" action on the town school and town
highway systems.
C 1 x .. -Vnnmmit QMl'.na llf WestnTl fit
X) 11 111 1111 llliuuui xiivivii. - . , .-
tempted to commit suicide by toklnjj a dose
composed ot ciorotonu, eiuer mm um.vi,
medicine his wife had to use for the toothache.
Medical aid was summoned at once and finally
succeeded in bringing him out of its effects. It
seems tfc act was prompted by family difncHlty
follow iiij a conjugal tilt.
West Townshcnd. Dr F. I. Wilder form
erly of this place but now of Adams, Mass.,
passed triumphantly from the state of single to
that of don ble blessedness on March 27. The
special cause of this transition was Miss Allie
L. Thaver, of F.ast Jamaica. The ceremony
wa s performed at the bride's home. Rev O. G.
Baker officiating. Tbey took the train Wodnes
dsv morning for Adams, Mass., where Dr
Wilder is doins thrivine business. They
have our best wihes. The voters at the an-
nual school meeting elected tho following or
ficers: Moderator, J. W. Taft ; clerk. L, W.
l'atre; prudential committee, O. R. Garfield;
collector, 8. O. Garfield. It was voted to raise
10 cents on the dollar of the grand list for the
support of schools daring the year, and to have
three, terms of school of 8, 10, and 12 weeks
t . v, '
llrookllne. ir II. F.ddv. of Orange, M ast.
has liccn in town for a few days at J. A. Shat-tack's.
Saxtons Klver. H. F.. Lake moves to
Kecne where be ill open music store.
Uncovered In SleUira!
llr Kilted ta a-'I
Bl, Avar, tom
Itff .Ix.in'
1. I.- Knmntir. SCTOl"
elans ad lemaale Oaf
AXO itl
Yi-.-!r d for l -rrarm. It e-r- OO jwr retit f
r:e t I'-jrr Hirxd r.irr-: li:Ki;r Hr.!thS
;.' f-ir i. i I Jinru: ecrta.'s
1. lu . : :-. i .. i: . . i- .
U.i.c i,ii4fi-ri.r,54.. ui -i dmr.i, rt.t
r At ii Kl'NMilf, n. Itcttlcct, K. T.
Tell the ohlldren to cut out and save the eomla
llhoustta pieturo u they appear from issue to
issue. They will be pleated with tlx ooUnUob.
1 ued to looks vluir. but now I smoke BUok
well's Bull Durham, and am hippy.
This ipaoo is owned by
Of eotine we mt&n the fatteni anlmsl appearing
on the label of every genuine package of Black,
well's Bujl Durhun Smoking Tobseco. Every
dealer keeps this, the tut Bmoking Tobacco suds.
None gonulns without trade-mirk of the Bull.
Tho Barks, Boots and Herbs
From which VEGETIN E Is made
in po7der Fonu
Mo other blood-purify! ng inedlolne Is made,
or has ever beeu prepared, whiah so com
pletely meeU the wants off physicians aud
the general publio as
Ayer's Sarsaparilla.
It leads the list as a tmly solentlflo pronara
tlon for all blood diseases. If there is a lurk
Cnnnrill ing taint of Scrofula about you.
OunUrULA avku's sausa-auilla will
dislodge it and expel It from your system.
For constitutional or scrofulous Catarrh,
PiTinnu Avku's Sabsax-auii.la is tho
UAIAKKH true remedy. It has cured
uuniberlcss oases. It will stop the nauseous
catarrhal discharges, and remove the sicken
ing odor ot the breath, which are indications
of scrofulous origin.
Ill PtTDtlllQ "Hutto,Te..,Bept.28,1882.
ULwCnUUtf "At the age of two years one of
OnD CO my ohlldren was terribly attlioted
OUliCO with ulcerous running sores ou iM
faoe and neok. At the same lime iM eyes
were swollen, mucn lnuameu, ana very sore.
Onnr Euro Physicians told us thnt a pow
uUnt LI tv erful alterative medioine must
be employe J. Tbey united in rooommeudlug
Avrh'b harhaparilla. A few doses Dro-
duoed a perooptible improvement, which, by
an aduerence to your directions, was conun
ued to a complete and permanent cure. No
evidence has since appeared of the existence
of any sorofulous tendencies; and no treat
ment oi any aisoraer was ever atwuuuu
more prompt or effectual results.
xours truiy, u. . uoimuux-.
Dr.J.C.Ayer& Co., Lowell, Mass-
soid by all Druggists; SI, six bottles for S3.
Prussian Remedy
for gar -jet nroswc:.
Prostrated from Weakness.
B.iltihore, Md., June 5, 1879.
Mr. Stevons Dear Sir: I can tcrtlfy to the good
eHeCts of your medicine. For several years I was
Ulicted with a severe cough aud weakness, and was
perfectly prostrated ; but after taking three bottles of
your VEGETINE made from the Pa-ader, I was en
tirely relieved. Very Respectfully,
MBS. M. . STREET, SI GOmore St,
One Tackage In Powder Form Cured
SO Bremen Street, Eaii Boston, Mass.
Sept. 80, 1879.
Mr. TJ. B. Stevcnfr-Dear Sir: My little danRhter
Stella has lieen afflicted a loiw time witli Scrofula,
BUlterlnit everything. 1 employed dtuerent physicians
in East Boston, liut they In Ipeil her none. I bought
some or your Powder Form Vegdliu, and my wire
steeped it and gave it to the child according to the di
rections, and we were surprised in a fortnight s time
to see how the child had gained in flesh and Btrencth.
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