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"Let all the ends thou aimest at be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's." , 5 cents a copy. Vol. IX. BRATTLEBORO, VT., JULY 17, 1885. No. 49. he Reformer, ft. H. DAVKNPOKT A OO, Propt'l S"Tb. Rrrnnwii 1 Urned la (It. tfilf .r.Tit feranehai fa edltlea Tub Ubattlsbobo RBrontctB, Stat 4MHIoa, pabli.kd .t o'olaek p. m. 'i'huradeyi 4h Bs!CTtr.ro! Rji-obitib. devotta t B MTOB (01101 B.W. UIDM tit B O'OIOO p. try Urtday, at Beanitistaa : Ota Piumum Oomt r HarosjiiEn, devoted to Franklin cocoty, . we. taund at Omenileld nrr Prldav at t. m. i WninauM Ooukvt Ua un too out vUslcu rtth all tkai9itul Bratstcbor new, published tip. m., u.V. wHiDiJi Cotmrr Ruroasra, Kl edition, eoatalnlBf aowlderabl extra Bratilo- oro new. ui (eiip, wbjcb i reaay at o p. , rtdt.y. and mail ad to iubaorlb.r at dlatanoi tdttrfui mnrnlua - . . o'b.oirlboM roar bar whichever of theae tlwj , JrTefer, and will e ebanged lrom on edition w bother If Batlo If Mat to th. eeutral olSo st jSrattlebere. Tr Dkattuibobo Rbiobkkii, But. Rdltha, u 4k campLieat n.wspapor In Vermont. Bubacrlb. fia to either of eur other edition, may bar. th!. IB Wat form, eontaluinf iBbftaatlftlly the eddittetal w. at luo a year. ADVRRTISIXQ RATES. 1 wk 2 wka 8 wk 1 mo 8 mo moa 1 y 1.2J $1.50 .l.Tt .00 4.00 ee.OO 2.(10 2.26 2.69 JT6 t.U M.oO 15 "', 2.00 3.60 4.00 4.60 8.00 M.OO 24 4.00 4.M t.oo .6 lo.oo is .cw as .& 0.W T.bO H.W 16.00 xc.uu ! M.V0 K.00 liM 1.C0 M.OO .00 C la.00 22.00 96.00 M.OO 40.00 M.OO 16C mi Card, Are column, first pass. 91.60 Km par year. tpee. 1T1 Btort ffBB Bzvokkbb 1. aav the t.adlnf ooimtij mtklj tn Now Unzland. r otfter vremvj cow. u.i. ancdttaaciau who a aniiv. v wxc " vir. nauon wr.htn ae-tmra. ror im inere a wpor id m (laltiid atataa whoe eiron atton la u. nom. .Id U ki Bearly anlveraal a. t WtNUA Cods. r ttToaia'. it avarac. oae uimoi uie pupi iti.a In Urattlebero. one In oiue ui the popnlatio i WlndbaiM ennntv aa a whole. In the oeuntv and rltory unmadiai.iy eajouimfr on in. norm, iw I weal. 1U elronlatlon exceed, tout of alt th. Gth. t paper eoniblned whica ax published la th. mtmm terrltorv. Adrerttnaa rder oy Inclad. th rVnUncto r Ue state .ditto at aa aavano. or sa i-s por eeni pa tk above rate.; th tfreealleld at an ad lean. f SO .r ceal, aad all four at an adrants of to er wmt. Hmteked at the Post-Office ik Biiattle- eoro fob tbaksmisrion through the jjaiiis as Skcond-Clasb Matter. The circulation of The Reformer latt week 4tt various edition! tca 10.744. BUSINESS CARDS. Taniei Conland, tf Surgeon, irl. . 1'IivbIcIbu and Brattleboro, Vt. Ofliso In Crosby 'Slock, opposite Tolephoiie Eichaute. Kesidunco Vrs Kirklnnd'e, Walnut Bt. Ollice hours from 8 to A. M., 1 to 3 P. M. , H. HOJuXOWv-M. $., .'arsiciAN anb Surukon, llKAiiLtBOHu, Vt. ollice and eTesidenoe ooracr Main and Walnut -treetH. At home from 1 to 2. and from 6 to 7 o'clock P. W. Oja. POST, Dentist. All operations done in lha bebt manner and warr&nted. Oflice and Kestdence junction High and tirVen Street. Brattleboro. Vt. t WM. I,, BEMIS, House an'J fcirrn Va nrnr. itriu.tniti.tl 1'iiiiitinir. KrKcriiiij-J Graining, KalsomiuiiiR, Paper HaDging, etc. i 3 (Sreen street. Brattlrro. Vr, ? I -v m jrinc v f mvr fn a .. ........ ? . ... .f oirtLt'tJuuru, VI. The laws passed by the legislature of 1S80 make a volurco uf 331 pages, including tbe in Sfeaxeb Caeljsi.b says that "as a general thing tbe people of Kentucky are pleased with tbe administration." This la true of tbe people all over the country. It was a bogus report that Quoen Vtdtoria had written a letter of sympathy to the' Pall Mall Gazette for Its exposures of tbe London do baucheries of the nobiUty. The Prince of Wales however, stopped his paper. Almost all the strikers at Cleveland, are Poles imported by the companios to take tbe place of other striking workmen because the Poles were ignoiant and would work cheap The companies can hardly expect sympathy In the ;crape into which iher got tuemsolves Mms Cleveland refused resolutely to per mit her portrait to appear as tho frontispiece of her book. She preferred to trust her fame to the product of her mind rathtr than the beauty of her person. But she was unable to cheat public curiosity in this way. The pictorial as eociated press has managed to get hold of a photograph of her in some way and the result appears in the Kefobbieu this week. The new conservative ministry in England has decided to appoint a parliamentary commls' slon to investigate into the causes of depres. sion in the various industries of that country. Salisbury, the pressnt premier, is not a be liever in free trade, and it is regarded as quite probable that a commission appointed by his government would find the facts very much in favor of the growing demand for "iree trade' or retaliatory duties. T : President Clbveland and party were away from Wasliington from Friday to Monday night for a fishing excursion to Woodmount, on the Potomac. We have been treated to a number of dolorous editorials during the week about the sinfulness of Sunday fishing by tbe chief magistrate of the nation. But the New York Herald denies that any fishing was done Sun day, and insists that the day was spent quietly in rest, f.nd the fishing confined to Saturday and Monday. The chorus ought to start in at once. An other office holder has been "removed," by Cleveland. IIo was the pension examiner at Eimira, N Y. It was done solely to get a place for some greedy aspiraut &c, &e, &c. Only one thing savos ut from the usual wailing a'lout tbe ravish of the civil service reform prin ciple This offlcejholder was a Democrat. Probata lylthe organs will be willing on mature refleciion taadmit in this case that the man was removed for inefficiency in office. v rjiiv E A. CLARK, Hard-Ware, Iron iwa and Blinds. No. li Oroahy Hlock. Brattleboro ITEimY TUCKER. M. Phyi- )A c.a-i anil-sr.rL'eoti. omob iu Leuuftri' .Saw Block. Reairtence. Hlgli ftreet. 0 R. D. P. WEBSTER, Elliot street, tirattletioro. Office uoum. 7 to 8 a. in., and I to 18 and 6 to 8 p.m. t leans p i' tjywit PT WRIRITT & CO.. Cnitam and ileady .Made (jiuthing, Gent's Fuiun.lim Meade, tlie bounced Copiah county (Miss) ' do! t master, has written a letter to a New Or t y- paper to declare that he had no compile- with the Matthews murder and to defend bii course in endorsing it afterwards. He eayi (ilevtland K-movtd hira to 'irteet tho endcrteJ rient of his northern Republican allies. He ihay now expect lots of sympathy from the Re publican organs. ' WHITE & QALV1S, Stores; and Tto Ware. Main tjtreet, Eay'a Block, .jopvoeif. American Hotigft. Dltl'A Woodbary. Dentist.. Office and residence, Glllot-.t, Brattleboro, Vt. Anrea theln given and applied, for Extractrng Teeth.-4yl HM. BURKE. Iilrery. Feed and . Boarding Stable, jnst irtl of Harmon yBl'k CHENEY & ClaAPP. Booksellers and Ht.Bt1oners.fi :ro!lr Block. Brattleboro AF. BOYWTON, Dealer in Boots . and KhoKg. Mursniill A KMerorooka Block. AV. COX CO., Stoves and Tin Wure. Main Street, opp. Amwricau tlouMe THOMAS JUDCrK, L'cale. In Boot, and JL tshoea, Judge Block, opp. American Bouse. HAS. IP.. BARRETT, Machinist Tyler eioce, Alain gireei, near me inuge. SALISBURY'S Dining and Lodging KooruH. 41 Main st. open Bt ail houra. D K. AT.LHN & CO., Lumber Deal- . era, Flat Klrrei, Bratlleboi o. t. R. A. .. PETXEE & SON, Den. tiara, over i ripp a Mui e. J. GEEASON, Coal Dealer, Office i in Wreem;'' 1'Uk Htore. . H E. WIXLARB. Dealer in Rooiingr bluto, 69 riouth Mulu tiireet. Uyl ENRY PTOWE, Manufacturer of liulUT lioies, ureen Klver, vt. ,- iwiy M EO. E. GREENE, DruKgiat, Union kji diocb, mailt at.. The first of Jufy witnessed the summary dis charge of 200 clerks in a single department at Washington. One of the backwoods papers in this state, we notice, calls this proceeding "a disgrace to tbe country, showing tbe inherent vicionsness of the spoils system when men who earn only their daily bread are sent adrift with out notice." These clerks were discharged be cause they were superfluous, and there was no i x use for wasting the public money in employ ing them. Their discbarge may look "mean" to those people who suppose the sole purpose of government is to provide salaries for Rep ibll can office-holders, but to ordinary practical men it looks like one of the most commendable things this adminstration has done. The polphln. Attorney General Garland rendered his opln Ion Monday upon the question submitted to him by Secretary Whitney, as to whether the government had In tbe new dispatch boat, the Dolphin,!a bad bargain which It mutit sub mtt to. or a broken contract against which it could piotect Itself. The facts in the case were plain. Aside from numorous technical defects which the examining board reported, it is cer tain that Mr Roach contracted to have the Dol phin completed by July 23 1881. That he failed In by many months. He contracted to put into her steel shaft. That be failed in, and at his own request was allowed to substi tute iron. Congress ordered a ship of fifteen knots sea speed. And that he failed to give her. In fact, the Dolphin is not the kind of ship congress ordered and appropriated the public money for. She is perfectly -worthless for the purpose for which she was Intended, too slow io catch another vessel or to get away from a pursuer, so constructed that it would be Impossible, ibr her to fire at a ship she is pur suing or one that she is running away from, structurally weak and awkward, and with en gines that .can't l)e depended npon. But she was ballt under the superintendence of an ad visory board appointed by Secretary Chandler, and tbe contractor John Roach claims that this fact relieves him from the responsibility. It is a fine question, but Mr Garland decides that the contractor cannot shelter himself be hind the plans, where he knew that the act of Congress, which was part of his engagement, required a certain result in speed and in other respects. He knew his own business; be had the plans and specifications before him ; and if they would not produce the required results. he need not bid. This is substantially what Roach himself said and promised, when he was after the job, in his testimony before tbe congressional committee. Ho said ho would not undertake to build upon plans which were faulty. He said : "If a merchant comos to me and fays that ho wants a ship of such and such speed under conditions which I think will not permit me to get that speed, I tell him that I will not build the ship in that way that such and such changes must be made." And again he said to Congress : "When the plan is finally determined on make your contract, and throw upon tbe contractor all the responsibility that he would havo to bear if he were dealing with a merchant." This is precisely what Garland says the government has a right to do under the law. He holds that the requirement! of Congress as to results were a part of the con tract which Mr Roach undertook to fulfill. Nor is it true in point of fact that Roach has followed the plans of the advisory board "9 S CO K s . o trg w e s 5 e I? 1 r s S r3 ef S3" c -2 g - 2 5 s 5- - S- E 5 PHOTO GRAPHEB UNION BLOCK, BRATTLEBORO. Appointments by telephone or mail. Iv39 F. O. BURD1TT, UNDERTAKER. COVERED, BLACK WALNUT, WOOD CASKETS AND COFFINS, with a complete assortment of UNDERTAKERS' GOODS, constantly on hand. Also, one of the best Embalming Preparations in tbe market. Fayetteville. Jone 9. 18X5! 6w44 GRANITE STATE MOWERS. I bar for ale two prood reoood-hand Mowing Machine which I will aell chrap; aim will ttirninh new naehlne u cfaan aa they can be bone hi of IK manufacture-ra. f am also atrent for eland wheel liar Kakea ; all ordfm pronjp'iv attended to . N. W. ULNKLKK. Waet BniuVhoro, Yt. tf4t BEAtOLL'TIOMS. ' At th rmlar awtlnc of Col Job 8 1 ylrr Camp fo 2, 8 ut V, Jaly L It, th folktwlog reeolntwa. mfrr xWwUI - BMolTcd . that th tbaofc Of tbti Camp ar heart. itv riKod4 10 Cot WllllM AoMla for the nato, nd iDvaieabU juft of mm meient epanhh wall ran. 2d, KeolTd, ahat a copy of thea nwuimton. .s anDear ta vruw " wOwiir inam.i, CFR Ji.il, 4 W t'lATTOa. The best feature of this administration Is the steady and uncompromising war it is making upon land-grabbing. Commissioner Sparks has rendered anotner decision this week which will restore many millions of acres to tho public do main for entry and settlement under the home stead and other laws. These lands have in previous years been withdrawn from the pablic domain by the land office entirely without requirement of law for railroad indemnity in case of loss on shortage in the regular ' giants. Tbe great corporations of course stretched this contingent demand into a claim of abso. lute ownership of every acre of the land, and as long as the Republican party was in power, no one interfered with the wrong. The Congregationalism, tbe "Episcopalians and the Baptists of New Hampshire have united in a petition to the legislature of that state for a reform of the divorce laws. They show that divorces average oae to each 7 3-4 marriages in the state, a worse condition of af fairs than any of the other New England states show, and for a reform they recommend the two main features af the restraining law of Massachusetts, first, "that all decrees of di vorce in the first instance be granted nm, to be come absolute after the expiration of a fixed time, say six months, unless the court shall for sufficient cause otherwise order;" and sec ondly, "that af.er a divorce from tbe bonds of matrimony, tbe party against whom the di vorce was granted shall not marry within a fixed time, say two years from the final decree of divorce." Tbe first requirement has been of large practical good wherever it has been adopted, because it affords a substantial safe guard against fraud in undefended cases. Tmb New York World correspondent, who probably talked with half a dozen disappointed would-be office brokers, has since been trying to make out that all the Vermont Democrats are sitting in bitterness "apon tbe towors of the Green Mountains, trying to spy something good In the political land at Washington." To ac count for this imaginary wrath, he quotes a conversation which B B Soialiey recently held with the president on tbe subject of patronage. "He asked tbe President to make certain chang es here, so as to help tbe party. The President replied: "What is the good of making any change in Vonnont tor that purpose i What could I do that would help the Democratic par ty of Vermont !" He then went on to say that he intended to devote himself to change in Ohio and Virginia flrt-t and then take op New York and other close states. After he got through with that be might find time to give hs attention to tbe Federal office of Vermont. Of course inch talk widely reported and repeated. tbe corresponCent made out was enough to tlr all the depths of Democratic anguish. Bat the main trouble with it is that Mr Smelly say be never bad such a talk or anything like ft with he president. i .er as others, tbe boaj' protestftd'against his work. Wm Ji Cnandler appeared Tuesday in one of his usually trenchant letters, as the defend er and apologist ot Roach. He does not un dertake to say that the sbip as built is good for anything. That would be too much evon for his cheek. Ignoring the fact that the contract or or secretary of tho navy is responsible for the wretched failure, ho argues that Roach is not at fault, because the act of congress re quired that tlie bids should be made Upon plsin and spcLI.&tions approved in, writing by the secretary and a majority of the advisory board, and Roach cannot be at fault if be has done bis work in accordauce with these plans. This is admitting in effect that the plans were good for nothing, and it is probably the fact. It is also possibly the fact that Chandler never intended them to be, and that his whole ener gies were devoted to making it a profitable job for his old client and lobby employer, Roach. It turns out that Roach has been paid $15,- 880.57 for extras and changing of plans while constructing tho csel. It is apparently the old game. It has been the regular way for the last 19 years in nearly all the departments to modify plans, specifications, terms ant con ditions npon which contracts have been award ed. This vicious system has extended from the pettiest contract for painting a hall way to the construction of great pub lic buildings. . Its existence has been so well known and its application so surely anticipated that bidders have taken ruinous chances in putting their bids below cost, in the expecta tion of coming out far ahead by the whittling down of the requirements of the contract, in their interest, by the officials charged, with tbe making and execution of it. Mr Garland hits this practice a knock-down' blow by holding that the requirements of congress must be held to be a part of the contract and if they are dis regarded it must be at tbe contractor's tisk. This opinion if finally sustained will be pro ductive of immense good, because it will com- j pel honest dealings with the government, Mr Garland's conclusion with regard to tbe Dolphin is not only that Secretary Whitney is not obliged to accept her, but that he has no right to do so without a special act of congress, and the large sums of money paid towards the boat may be recovered. It ought to begin to be understood before long that President Cleveland was in earnest in what he said about tbe misuse of official posi tion for political purposes. A Democrat by the name of George Parker, who was appointed special treasury agent at Chicago about months too has found it out. Instead of at tending to the business of bis office as a "de cent public servant" should do, he went to Springfield and took an active interest in Judge Tree's senatorial candidacy. Now he bas rot a notice from Washington that his services wilt no longer be required. , . ltoyal Debauchery, Royalty is doing its best In Europe to prove itself a nuisance on the' face of the earth Many events demonstrate this impressively. A prince pf the ruling House of IloUenzollern in Germany, gets into a brawl in a house of prostitution this week, strikes a soldier in the face, the poor fellow Is so mortified that he can not resent tbe indignity that he goes and com mits suicide, and Kaiser Wilhelm writes a letter of condolence to the bereaved father. W hy shouldn't the toiling masses of Germany be asking themselves why 'millions of dollars are wrung from their hard earnings every year to support this brood of royal profligates in idle debauchery and bagnio brawling f A thousand times more impressively must this question be forcing itself upon the English people. Tho Pall Hall Gazette exposures, however exaggerated they may be, however much "sensationalism" may have been worked into them,show a most hideous state of beastli ness in the upper strata of London society,. Tho curtain which Dickens prayed to be lifted, in Dombey and Son, has been' lifted, and a state of crime disclosed of which Dickens could never have dreamed, of crime so revolting and un bridled that it is a wonder that tho society which contains it does not at once relapse to barbarism. Tie Gazette when "good society" turned upon It last week in all its fury, warned it to be careful, unless it wanted to see tho very foundations of social ordor overturned by tbe summoning of the "princes of the blood" into court to confront the victims of their lust. It is understood and conceded "vow that the Gaz ette's revelations are "based on facts, the gov ernment prosecutor admits he will not proceed against the paper, ncfife'ii shown by our "Old World" news, some of the best men In England have consented to act' as a committee, before whom the Gazette shall confidentially place its evidence. The worst of the Gazette's charges is that there exists a regular conspiracy and traffic in young and innocent girls for the lusts of the nobility and the so-called aristocratic classes. These girls are procured from all over the world, regardless of expense, allured into houses of crime under the semblance of an "employment bureau" or some other trick, and in some private room brought by force or threats into submission to iristocratic beastli ness. Tiu desire for tenilaf and beautiful vic tims seems to have develop d into a mania, and t like all forms of unncittu.fjlioe, sweeps every thing before jjBSV3Tame fBit-as nown to exist ago, as is at wn ty oflicAl inves- , No Need of It. A foolish report was telegraphed from Wash ington Tuesday that the president had called a bait In tbe spoils distribution of the depart ments and ordered that all dismissals and ap pointments to 1111 places not vacant must stop at once. .Of course tbe silly Ho was exploded the next day. There is not and has not been tbe slightest need of such action on the part of the president in tbe fullest fidelity to his civil service reform pledgts. - In the four months ending on July 4, there were but J5108 appoint ments made in all branches of tbe federal ser vice. This is less than 6 per cent of the entire number, and of these more than one-half were appointments of postmasters, the larger por tion ot tnem to till vacancies. Neither tho president nor any fair-minded man can believe that thore has boen any "lnde- asm uuew in making coanges. Jsvery new Republican administration has made' more of tbem. . . -f i - faithfully. In the matter of iron shafts. aswtfttti'jns ttt tbat time aa lav has '-ohtnb- uteei n its rapid progress. These pirenscs of ordinary degree are not easily reached by criminal law ; only civil damages are permitted. And it is not easy.it is n!orionily and iniquit onsly difficult, for the facers and brothers of poor working girls in Upland to push a civil process against a member of the titled classes. So notorious and so stanicluris the miscarriage of English criminal procedure in this particu lar; so hard is it for poor men to start against powerful transiressors, iy 70 fibrous, intricate, and antiquated? mechanlsajMt-h evon when started can bidenecTeti Smt retarded In a thou sand crooked and clandestine ways, that a sweeping renovation of the whole apparatus has long figured among Radical demands, and the Pall Mali Gazette, as a Radical organ.has made tenibly clear ,-the needot it. Now one of the projects of reform gravely proposed in Parlia ment is that the age when a girl can legally con sent to criminal intercourse be raised from 13 to 18 years. What means tt, that With more or less knowledge of this evil,wise legislators have permitted the law to stand in its present shape all these years ? Does the Brtitisb gorrnment There were two bad cases of organic hyster ics last week, one over the dismissal of Col Stephenson, a Union soldier from the pension department and the appointment of an ex-rebel in his place, the other ever Mr Garland's solec lion of a rebel, Col Howard, as bis assistant. A shocking showing was made as to bow this terrible rebel colonel would squelch all pro ceedings against southern bull-dozers and ne-gro-shouters, and fortify tho . whole of Dixie in a reign of blood and anarchy. . Then a lot of instances were narrated of the fire-eating career of this unreconstructed' colonel.-'..: They were easily manufactured from the fact that his home la at Little Rock, Kansas. It may damp en the ardor of the organs a little to inform them that Col Howard was a Union soldier, commanding a Nebraska regiment, and that ho only settled at Little Rock, after he had laid siege to it and helped to take it. As to the other case Pension Commissioner Black's pri vate secretary wntos to a Springfield citizen, wno inquired about it. 'Your favor of Julv 3 incloslnir nrintetl lin icinuvo i me uisuiissai 01 uoi steDnenson. late chief of the middle division of tbis office, came to tbe attention of Gen Black as he was on tno eve 01 leaving tne city. I am author ized to say that tbe statement is absolutely lalse. Tlie successor of Col Steohenson. Col Wm P Davis, is a Democrat and a soldier n( high character, stainless courage and reputa tion, having eerved gallantly during tbe war in an Indiana regiment. He is a man who bears such recommendations as few officers of the volunteer services nave received and Is possess ed of great business capacity." TheJies about this administration seem to be launched with singular stupidity. ROSE E. CJ.EVIiI.AND, At tbe meeting last week of the advisory committee of the Bennington battle monument association, it was unanimously voted to recom mend a plain monumental shaft 300 feet high, and that is doubtless what will be voted at the annual meeting, Aug 12. .. Secuetary Bayard, it is said, scouts at the story la circulation that any steps are thought of looking to the acquisition by this govern ment of any part of Mexico by purchase. Speculators have been prolific ot ; schemes agnst Mexico, Cuba and Pertf, but Ui6y get no encouragement at Washington. It is pointed out that the decision of the New York Court of appeals, annullng the anti-oleo margarine law,strikes at the vitals ot liquorpro- hibition also. Tbe New iork decision was based on tbe 14tb amendment to th e Federal Constitution, which says : "No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge tbe priv ilege or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property ,&c," It was held that the manufacture of oleomargarine, without de ceit or fraudulent method, is tbe right of any ciliaen, and tbe State has 10 right to prohibit it because it may be a damage to tbe dairy inter est. Tbe same reasoning will certainly apply to the manufacture and sale ot liquor. But tbe New York court applies the amendment to a use and construction for which its framers never Intended it. Thb Spanish government declines to make new commercial treaty xor wans ana lnu country. It would be of too much benefit to tbe Cuban people in relieving tbem from the extortion of the Spanish Monopolies. Gex Geabt's conditioa shows little change from week ago. Saturday be seemed much belter and hi voice wai clearer than for long time, bat Monday be was won and hi voka ha grown baaky and indistinct. He is bt jig afforded absolute qaiet tad gains under that treatment. deliberately pander to the vices of it tv'ihflltv ? The Gazette has made pablieiUHiaincs iu Its revelations except to declare that "princes of the blood" are among the criminals. No won der. For what else do the1 miserable idlers ex 1st, squandering millions of the English people' money ? Events are hastening with rapid tread towards a political upheaval in England. The suffrage has been enlarged and extended to tbe country districts ; tbe demand for what honest old John Blight calls real land reform has ex tended from Ireland to Scotland and England herself, and tbe people are coming to see that tbe common sense of the age demands the total obliteration of the old privileges and extortions of feudalism ; tho House of Lords itself is the subject of political attack; a political party is consolidating whose watchword and whose avowed aim is Democracy, and even tbe Con servative party sees that its only chance of pow er is in seeming to be at tho head of this current. These revelations cf tbe iwttenncss, tbe absolute putrescence of the titled classes, must ine itably add a great impetus to the revolution. It is stated and has not been denied that to a gentleman wuo called upon Secretary Lamar a few days since to inquire in iciard to an ap pointment that officer made tbe following re mark : "I care no more for a northern Demo crat than I do for a northern Republican. It is simply a question of north and south with me." If this is lalse it should be denied. Boston journal. As Mr Lamar will not probably be Idiotic enough to "deny" such stuff or pay any atten tion to it, the Journal will by next week be quoting it as proof of tbe desperate wickedness of this administration and there will be as much sense and plausibility Jo it, as to most of its attacks. Thb Montpelier Argus says, significantly "There Is a great deal more opposition to Mr Edmunds' re-election than is generally supposed outside of Vermont." The only sense in which this can be trne is that no one outside of Ver mont can believe that the opposition to Ed munds will have any Democratic help, openly or on the sly, for tbe benefit of Qov Smith. Tbe Argus has once promised, so far as it is con cemed, that It won't, and we nope so. The fact is that among tbe people of Vermont, as distinguished from tbe free pass politicians, there is a great deal less opposition to Edmund than outsiders generally sappose. 1 B Wat Shaw, a colleague of Parnell in the leadership of tbe Home Rule party, was chair man of tbe board of directors of the collapsed Munster bank Inlreland. He turns out to be a debtor' for 730,000. and to hare been largely n possible for tbe loose and reck lea. manage ment of tbe Institution Bnd iu 29 provincial branche. The snflerirg from tbe failure will be great and widespread. Kerrwai Debllltatnl Ma Yon are allowed free M of irfjr day of th nee of Ir Dve' Celebrated ollajc Bell with Electric SatprBsory Appliance, for the tpeerlr relief and permanent care of Nervous Debility, iot of Vitality and Manhood, and all kindred trouble. Abe. tut many other d.a- e. Complete rentoraUon to bcaitb. rigor and manhood gaaranteed. No risk is incurred, liiaatasaad pamphlet, with tall information, krrraia, c, anal led fre try addraasinsr Voltaic Co Manhail, MkA. 3ed4yl A New Hampshire solon this year stepped beyond the usual line in catering for the "sol diers vote" by introducing a bill to exempt all veterans from paying a poll tax. But the old soldiers themselves set down plump on the silli ness, every vot3 they could control In tho legis lature went against and they gaye demagogues to understand that they are self resDectinn citizens, not state paupers. It is a fact tact some of the most hopeful acd philosophic thought on the negro problem comes from the old slaveholding South itself. The Charleston News and Courier for instance recalls the fact, that the "Intelligent, far-sighted, prudent, white man is the product of cent uries of surviving, suffering and working." And speaking to the philanthropists who are discouraged because of the slow progress of the colored peoplo of the south. "Can there be any reason for serious discouragement in the circum stance that the colored people, who have been their own masters for only twenty years, and whose ancestors 100 years ago were naked sav ages, should at tbis time compare dlsadvanta geonsly with the white citizens of tbe United btates t . x The New York Times gives the following summary of what has bean done in France and. Austria in promoting industrial training : "la Paris sixty live evening art . schools are sup ported by tbe municipality alone, besides the numerous religious orders, workingmen's soci eties and private enterprise. In consequence of thfs, almost every workman in France is a good draughtsman. In addition to this, evening lec tures or 'cours' on almost every subject of in terest in art, science and literature afford gratu itous instruction to the workmen. The crowd ed schools of drawing, modeling, wood-carving and painting, -.furnished with the best models and casts, and nnder the charge of teachers full of enthusiasm for the work, give an impetus to those trades and manufactures which are closely connected with art which is without a parallel. In Austria, which ranks next to France in ir dustrial advance, eighty-four trado schools aie already established, which may be classed un der tbe following heads: Firtt, schools for weaving; second, wood and iron trades; third, ceramics and elai-s trades ; fourUi, metal indus tries; and, fifth, toys and various small indut- tries. Tne latter class of industries am princi pally confined to the mountainous districts-ot the Tvrol. It will be seen that weaving schools take the first rank in Austria, and this is an in dustry which employs a vast uumtier of work people of both sexes. There are in Austria alone twenty-two weavinc schools. Tbe local.needs and resources of different localities in most rases determine tbe character of the school. Thus, tbe first trade school established in Germany was fur the manufacture of metal work in the collicrv district of Westphalia, and owed its or igin to tbe want felt hy tbe manufacturers for trained labor. It includes a three years' coarse. and the pupils are trained as designers, model ers, wood-carvers, founders, turners, engine-tit ters, engravers, gilders and etchers. Ir seems curious that there should never have been a dedstun on tbe point which the national banks of St Jobnabury, Brandon etc, bave de termined to raise, in resisting tbe assessment npon theia ordered by tbe comptroller of tbe currency on account of tbe failed Vermont national bank of St Albans. Tboy loaned Bar low and Sow I money, and took the stock of tbe St Albans banks as collateral, and the re siat the payment of the assessment on tbe ground that they are not tbe owners of the stock.- It is d.fficalt to see however, bow they can fapve a reasonable hope of escaping nay- naent; when, bank Uke collaterals they are careful to make thcnselres tbe absolute owner as against any other claims, and ownership doe not asually st p at just tbe point of risk loss. . It if true . that atsessibihty make national bank stock a risky kind of collateral, bat tbe time to think ot that was when they look It. The most prominent figure to-day in tie field of literature is Miss Rose E Cleveland, the mistress of the White House. No book of recent times bas created such widespread inter est and comment as her maiden effort as an au thoress. While this is true partly beca-ise of her position as tbe "first lady of the land,' there is, nevertheless, due to her the credit of being a remarkably bright woman, gifted with a lively imagination and originality of thought and expression rarely encountered in the pro ductions of female authors. Miss Cleveland, of the long lino of ladies who have presided over the President's Man sion is the first to enjoy tho additional distinc tion of becoming a lady of letters. Although the inference may be drawn that Miss Cleve land stands alone among her twenty predeces sors as possessing 'sufficient ability to write a creditablo work, the correct conclusion is prob ably tbe fact that her past life has been devot ed to teaching and lecturing upon educational subjects. In fact, tho work she has now given to the public is really the product of several years' labor in her professional sphere, revised and enlarged for publication. Rose Elizabeth Cleveland was tho youngest of nine children born to Richard and Anna Cleveland. Her native home was Fayetteviile, N Y, from whence her parents removed to Clinton when she-was a little girl, and later to Holland Patent, a littlo hamlet near Utiea, where her father took charge of tbe Presbyterian church in 1S53. Her father diad in that year leaving little Rose an orphan at the age of seven. The parsonage had to bo given up and the education of Rose became the mother's life thoupht and labor. In lateryears she was sent to Houghton Seminary, where she proved a brilliant pupil, graduating with the highest honors. "Original People" was tho theme of her graduating essay, her audience pronouncing it a most happy effort. Miss Rose then became a teacher in the Houghton 1 Seminary, when, after remaining In that posi- as principal of the Collegiate Institute in that tOWll.;- .-,. .y-. , ,. v .,, J... She afterwards tauRht in Pennsylvania at a private scnooi xor a snort time, and then con ceived the idea of lecturing before classes, and proposed to tbe Principal of Houghton Semi nary to make the beginning ut her Alma Mater. Tbe latter entering heartily into the arrange ment. Miss Cleveland wrote a course of histori cal lectures which she delivered that season As she devoted herself to ber aged mother, she was unable to leave Holland Patent to pursue ner wora continuously until alter ner mother s aeatn in tne summer ot issz. After this sad event her brothers and sisters naturally expected that she would make her home with one of them, but beine of an mde pendent nature and Self-reliant, she preferred to remain in the old home, where she continued to live when not away lecturing until she assumed tne exaitea position as mistress 01 the Whito House. Miss Cleveland will remain to the White House as long as her brother remains a bachel or, but by her own efforts she has created for herself a position among celebrities in literature that will be more enduring than the honor and fame dependent upon tho political fortunes of her distinguished brother. If a Mrs Grover Cleveland should appear at the threshold of the president s mansion, Miss liose wilj, quietly reopen the door of the homestead at Holland Patent (which she has purchased out of tbe earnings of ber own labor), and resume tbe work which she reluctantly abandoned for her brother's sake. Miss Cleveland is an earnest and industrious woman, and never contemplated a life of lux ftrv, much less one of conspicuous position be fore the country. She Is as unique in ber way as ber brother is in his, though they are ap parently not at all alike in general character. Nor does she physically resemble him. The portrait at the head of this article presents the reader with the features of Miss Cleveland, and though a wood engraving for tho columns of a newspaper precludes the possibility of doing tbe fair subject accurate justice, our portrayal nevertheless reveals the conspicuous traits of a l8y irwed with superior talents, cultivated and rjnueand withal a most pleasing couute- .... Thb Brattleboro Phoenix has been wastlrg stationery and postage to enquire of members of the late legislature "whether they supposed the bill for a state library building contemplated -an annex or a separate building.'' Out of 180 answers received last week the Phoenix says that HO say they supposed a separate building was intended, 20 expected that there would be an annex and 20 supposed It was left to tho discretion of the committee. If all this proves anything at all, It proves that legislators are too apt to "suppose" Instead of knowing what they arc- about. The plain, simple fact is that the bill left tbe matter wholly to tho discretion of the commtsrlorf, and nobody has any right to "suppose"' that the legislature intended to do anything different than it did do. . It is un doubtedly true that a great majority of tho legislature believed from what they knew about the matter that a separate building would be more desirable, and tbis is all that tbe Pba'oix's suppose" convass means. But because its in formation was not at the time exhaustive, be cause of the doubt of the sufficiency of the ap propriation, and because there were a great many points to be investigated, tie leglslatmo omitted to give any directions about the loca tion, although it bad been much discussed, and l;?t it to the discretion of the committee to do what it thought best, taking every thing into consideration, for the state. This is all there le of it, and is all the Phwalx can make of it nc- less it wishes to accuse the legislature of being a pack of Imbeciles. - A few more Vermonters ga week, II M Teacbout has been appointed putw,a8ter at Woodbury, in place ef L E Heath, resigned ; John G Flanders at Canaan, in place of G W Brackett, resigned ; and Andrew Applebee at Morgan Center, in place of D A Currier, re signed. Several other cases bave occurred where tbe government has found (bat postmas ters' bonds were defective, and bas required their remedy. But this does not mean that the postmasters have been reappointed, as several papers suppose. -" Jt poE PotAXD was Interviewed .at Montpe lier last week by a Boston Record reporter, and in referring to the newspaper . report that he wanted Edmunds' seat in the senate said : "What fool started that ? The whole thing is so ridiculously absurd that I have thought a denial uncalled for." The judge declined to say anything further on the subject at present, and closed with the following significant re mark : "But I shall have something further to say later, and it will be something sharp, too. Understand I am entirely out of politics now. I shall say just what I please, and I don't care a copper for tho result. No, nothing further now ; I shall put it in writing." It is to bo hoped that the judge intends to empty out a little truth about the ringsters and their ways in Vermont politics. He bas known tbe facts for the last twenty years. Ex-Govs Proctor and Smith, Congressman Stewart, Judges Powers and Poland, were the gentlemen to whom Gov Smith's scribbler attributed this senatorial ambition, with tie idea,apparently,f of dealing the impression that the Blaine fee'- ing against Edmunds was so tremendous in this state that about all our pablic men were eager to take adiantago of it. This looked like quite a shrewd device at the time, as it wee necessary to fan the Blaino feeling as the one thing which Gov Smith's canvass had to de pend on. But it has proved quite a boomerang in the end; for Stewart, Proctor, Powers and Poland have taken occasion promptly and em phatically to say that they are not candidates,' and that they believe Edmunds ought to be re elected. : The astute Smith has simply suc ceeded in drawlrjg the eyes of tbe whole state . hpon fahnaelf as ilio only ma.a wio doesn't di4 " claim any ambition in the matter, and as tho man who has pulled the strings which have produced all the anti-Edmunds', feeling that appears. He always succeeds best when be manages covertly. Gov Smith is a very diplomatic gentleman. There was never a better illustration of "this than in his Boston Record interview about Ed munds, which appears In another column. It is In marked contrast with Ihe straight forward, unequivocal utterances of all the other men who were accused of intending to fight Ed munds. Translated iito square, English, the ex-governor's interview mean6 that he proposes - to do bis best to beat Edmunds, and then if he can't succeed, to be able 10 say that he never wanted to. A writer in the New York San reciles the "noteworthy fact that after the inauguration of Jefferson ther6 was a revival of the celebration of tbe Fourth of July. For some years tbe an- nivcrsary had not bten observed " in Pbilndel- . phia, and in 1799 the feelings of patriotic Amer icans were onuaved by the ringing of the bell of the Episcopal church on the 4th of June in hon or of tbe birthday of George III. But in 1801 there was a grand celebration of the Fourth of July by the Republicans. And though tbe char- . ter of the aforesaid Episcopal church reo.uired its Incorporation to furnish a round ut' bells from sunrise to sunset on the national anmver sarv, no sound was heard from its steenle nn. til 12 o'clock, when tm order came from thevj governor to ring that bell." It needed a Demo-" ' ; cratic vlirtory in those da vs, as in these, to bring revival ct a uroad ana umy national patriot ism. , ! .fly- Arnopos the current "ar articles" in the A dozen counties ,of Southeastern Kansas were in a panic at the close of last week over as threatened invasion of Cheyenne and Arrap ahoes Indians fr jm lot I in Territory. It seems clear now that the reports of the danger were greatly exaggerated, though bodies of the Cheyenne, disliking Dr Dyer their agent, bad become Insubordinate and threatening. The government promptly concentrated 3000 troops at tbe threatened points' and President Cleve land ordered Gen Phil Sheridan to go and su perintend the operations in psrsoi. The presi dent said in tbe order; Your acquaintance with the hiatory and the habits and customs ot these Indians lead me also to request that yon in vite statements on their part as to any real or fancied iniurv or injustice toward tbem, or any other caunet that may have led to discontent, an 1 to inform yourself generally as to their con dition. Yon are justified in assuring them that any cause of .complaint will be fully ex amined' by tbe authorities here and if wrong exiat tbev shall te remedied. I think I hardly need add that tbev must be fully assured of tbe determination 00 the part of tbe govern ment to enforce their peaceful cocduct and by all th power it ha at band to prevent and pun Iftaacuof Uwleasnea and any outrages npon our settlers. Gen Sheridan think tbe trouble I caused by the construction of cattlemen's fences and the influx of cattle on Indian, lands ; and that almost all Indian trouble arise from accidents and snbanderstandings. Te the KhnmaUa. Kbfa.tl.ai bar . doai baa anrvalewt aa at tbe pri.aai tlaa. alaaa'a slieiier kb Ihi Pi a area. bae pM a w I mmrmt4 fwpatattww ft. betag law Ml tfieeteal reawdy kao Try V Century Magazine. Wade Hampton has written a letter to the Charlestown 9 and Courier. in which ho raises the claim and fortifies it with reports and documents, that he with his legion of COO men turned the tide of battle at tbe first Bull Run. He shows that tbev arrested tbe victorious columns of Keyes and Sherman, and so delayed the federal advance that the confed-, "rate reinforcements could come up and change tno fc.Tpnt 0t success, The News and Courier .ollows Hie kmT Wita n elaborate review of the battle, reachm, conclusion that Hamp ton was to Jackson at Mu, wbat j,,,, was to the whole confederate- . Hampton saved Stonewall Jackson as Jackson. u.i the army. It was the magnificent nguting ot legion under terrible odds tbul gave Jackson time to bring his troops into position. Had be not bad tbe opportunity to form the Virginians who altcrwards stood "Uke a stone-wall,'' tho battle would have heen irre,risMv lost, ' The New li.impahire kgitiaiura bas a num ber of novel schemes before it. One of them is a bill establishing flogging as a punishment furwiie beaters. It provide that any man convicted of beating his wife shall be publicly beaten with lrom 10 to 40 stripes "well laid on, or as an alternative imprisoned for ft months. Another is a high license bill introduced by S'.ilson Hntchins. It provides for tbe license of a qualified voter woo shall present to the authorities of hi town or city a petition to that effect, signed by a rotiiority of the qualified voters of his town or tity, the' full name and addi esses of the signers being given. The h cenne l to he good tor two years, and tbe fee to he f 1000 iu every city and every town of "i000 Inhabitants, 70J in towns of from 4000 to jOtH), $600 in town of from 3000 to 4000, and $100 leas for each 1000 decrease in population. Another is what is called the "valued policv" insurance bill, so that iu the event of a loss the emire amount expressed on tbe face of tbe pol icy may be paid without tbe necessity of an adjustment. Such a measure might be a cor rective in a measure of the reckless way in hich iusorance is done through the overgrown agency system, bJt the companies r.vt t.t it woukl increase tbe expense of lookinw after their risks tenfold, and they are so stirred up a! tout it that out 01 the its companies now rep resented there, 44 bave already notified their agent that, it toe valued puiicv bill become a law, tbey will w ithdraw from tbe state, whiic several more will follow their example, and " "noipante will at once canoe I existing policie. Perofala, am It rbram. Btasnbw, bet and all bcaxnw will thrlT oa tbe impure nailer ta roar eyaarai if oa arflect terrawi elu Thai la the bib whew vmir wboW body ta .aawpilM to th m Uvea In lit.. raiwot Hrown'.UarwparHla. 1 bt bkvod, woaaarb. ktdnrr and liver will imtM Iv hnDrov. Bun ih.r the Bans, Brown. Xmtmpmtuim. XeB BB get at any arf wore, - wot.