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THE REFORMER: BRATTLEBORO, VT.f FRIDAY, J
THE REFORMER. FRIDAY, JULY 13, 1804. "THIS Is rebellion," said Grover. proceeded to stamp it out. And lie Mn. rowDKiav puts the whole truth into a sentence when he says, "Every Htriko on a line of railroad is a strike against tho whole country." Tiik New York World has nmde u canvass of the house on the sugar schedulo of the Gorman-Sugar-Trust bill, and Iluds 201 who are prepared to vote against its adoption. The markets have been remarkably llrin all through the last fortnight's agitation and disorder. This is the business world's re- spouse to the early certainty of tarifl' reform. Those were some grandly patriotic speeches that Davis of Minnesota and Gor don of Georgia made in the senate on the strike situation Tuesday. Our Washington news gives quite an account oi mem. Tim; A. P. A. has won its first victory in Vermont politics, carrying the Republican caucus at St. Johnsbury Monday to elect del egates to the Republican county convention. It vote was 148 to 75. This ought to mean an afterwards at the polls. Veugkxnks with a population of about 1700 has 18 places where liquor is sold. So the Bristol Herald says it is informed by an official of that city. And the Herald jubilates because with 100 larger population Bristol .'has less than one-fourth of that number." And yet there are good people that profess to be shocked when It is charged that our pro hibitory law promotes instead of preventiiij drunkenness. Till! wife of the late President Curnot of France has always been regarded a a supe- rior woman and she has demonstrated it by the dignity and the large-minded good sense with which she declines a pension for herself and children. She writes to deputy Meline with regard to a bill the latter has ottered : 'I and my children are very much touched by the proposal,but we think that the French people, in giving the late president with such unanimity such magnificent obsequies have paid the supreme and only homage worthy of France." We are very glad to see a denial of the re mark attributed to Col. Woodbury in his state convention speech that he entered the "Union army composed of members of the Republi can party." Not believing the colonel to be a fool, we could not think him capable of such a statement. The St. Albans Messenger and Morrisville News and Citizen assert that his statement was that the army was "largely coinposed" Ac, which is better, though not quite graceful or true, if it means that there was more than a proportionate share of Re publicans. None of the press reports so far as we noticed credited the colonel with the use of the qualifying word, though it is only justice to him to believe that he used it. ' The Freilaud Socialist colony in East Af rica which 15 young Englishmen started out lat February to found to put into . practice . the social theories of Prof. Theodor Hertzka, the Austrian conomist, has already proved a failure. Prof. Hertzka wrote a book, "Frcl- land" upon an imaginary African town in which all the socialistic and communistic theories from Fourier down to Bellamy, the land and productions of all sorts owned by the community, necessaries of life distributed from community storehouses, profits annually distributed among members, money loaned without interest, etc., etc., were represented as working most charmingly in practice. But thifi colony of young euthusiasts that starteil out under the lead of a Dr. Wilhelm found, as It has been found hundreds of times before, that it doesn't work at all. Ghavk as the strike trouble in Chicago and the west has been, panicky people should re member that that of 1877, with Its saturnalia of fire and destruction, battling and bloodshed, was worse. The field of dis turbance spread over the entire country from New York to San Franeisco,fully 100,000 men were involved and 7000 miles of railroad tied up, the state troops were actually driven away from the protection of property in Pitts burg", between 50 and 75 rioters were killed and fully 100 wounded in conflict with the soldiery, while the destruction to property all over the country has never been calculated but it amounted to $10,000,000 in Pittsburg aloue. Very likely the conditions were ready for even a worse destruction of life and prop erty in this strike, and the difference Is due to the promptness with which the president moved. . r ... Grovkk Cleveland has again shown himself the man for the situation aud few there are to deny it. Republican papers all over the country are as emphatic as Demo cratic ones in commendation of the charac teristically straightforward and resolute course he ha? taken. Boards of trade In all the cities are passing votes of thanks, as does the Senate almost unanimously. Ex President Harrison has been quoted in an interview as mildly criticising Cleveland' action as "unprecedented," but he has thus set himself right by denyinif the accura cy of the report and saying : "On the contrary, I do not think the presi dent has transcended his power. The en forcement of the laws of the United States is the sworn dutv of the president, and thearmv is an appropriate instrument to use in the en forcement oi i nose laws wnere iney nave been violently resisted and the civil author!' ties have Issen unable to deal with the situa tion. If the posse couiitatus law limits the nresident's constitutional power at all, which is very doubtful, it only requires the procla mation to precede tne use or tne troops. Bad as the business situation is and has been, a signal proof of the fact that the causes are deeier than fear of tariff reform Is afford ed by the statistic of new mills building In the past six monthsforthe textile industry .as dithered bv the American Wool and Cotton Reporter. It shows no less than 17 new woolen mills, 43 cotton mills, 31 knitting mills, 13 silk mills and 12 miscellaneous factories or 110 textile mills in all against 127 in the aauie period last year before the panic struck the country. Of these new construction there were 51 in the, first three months of the yeir and 65 in the last, against 56 and 70 last year. New York leads the list with 17, Penn sylvania with 16, while New Jersey lias 10, and Connecticut and Massachusetts have six each. The inescapable meaning of such figures Is confidence in the future, and no stock taken in the urattle of the politicians that kw. er tariff means "ruin of industry," oven in those branches that have been suposed to I most dependent on the tariff and whose representatives have been making tlie ktudest noise at Washington against reduction. The wool and cotton Re porter states the case moderately when it savs "the figure scarcely warrant many of the dark and discouraging statement which some bave nude. A Madmen's Dream. It is quite likely that the strikers had the right on their side in their original quarrel with the Pullman company. The refusal of the latter to arbitrate or even; to join with a citizen's committee appointed by the courts and the city government of -Chicago to con sider whether there was anything to arbi trate was not the conduct of men conscious of right and is not the way men proceed In this world who want only what Is right. AH that outsiders know of the situation tends to disci-edit the company's attitude We don't and can't know whother it Is true as they I . . , i ....i. t.. ... claim him mey nau uikuu num wuiuu w keep their mcu employed at less than the cost of labor and material and so had to cut wages that were already reduced to a very low point but we do know that the claim which they make in the same breath that they have not realized i per cent, in the last two years Is false; for their own official report for tho last full fiscal year they have had ending July 31, 1803, showed that they made more money in that vear than they ever had before, and be sides paying a dividend' of 8 per cent, on stock watered three times over they had a surplus of $4,006,448 and $750,000 larger than the previous year. Out of an income of $11,- 389,896 their "operating expenses" were ouly $3,825,940 aud other expenses $1,038,508; more than half was clear profit and $2,520, went to dividends on stock aud the $4,096,448 to surplus. But however righteous the cause may be against this company, it furnishes no ground for making war on society at large, for that is what it amounts to when the American Railway Union aud all the other unions and orders that have followed it, un dertake to carry their point by stopping busi ness on all the railroads that use Pullman cars, and then ordering "sympathetic'' strikes in trades and industries that have not the re motest relation with ears or railroad. The ethics are precisely those of the fellow who says "I will poison your well if you buy milk of this fellow who has cheated me on a horse trade," and then "I won't let any dry goods store or organ factory run in town until he has returned my horse." As Senator Davis well said in his speech Tuesday : "Where is Debs' patent of right to say to the citv of Chicago that it shall not be fed to say to the people of the northwest that they shall not leave their homes or shall not be able to get back to them if they are away? This Aladdin of a day, drunk with power, has un loosed agencies' which he cannot chain, and set at work destructive forces which he can not recall. It Is a notorious fact that this vio lent action has drawn from the caves and dens of Chicago the vilest criminals, the idle and the vicious, the anarchists. Everybody who is conspiring to put uown mouern civili zation is now moving under the mask of this strike, aud is taking life and destroying prop erty in its name." The logic of it would be ludicrous if the re sults hadn't been so bloody and destructive. The idea of the strike was that it was in some far fetched way going to bring pressure on the Pullmans to settle with their men, but it turns out that a large share of the roads against which it was directed -and which it was sought to prevent doing business didn't use Pullman cars at all but those of the oppo sition company, the Wagners! The strike leaders have protested that the violence and lawlessness was not the work of the strikers at all, but of criminal elements taking advan tage of the situation, and hired or encouraged by the companies themselves ; then lu the sanle breath these same leaders have howled that in ordering troops to ' repress this lawlessness the ifovernment : was ''taking the side of the companies" and wronging labor, They think somehow to punish capital and the railroads by setting afire all the property they can reach. Tho city aud the state will have to pay for this destruction as they did at Pittsburg, on the ground, held to be valid by the supreme court, that the city aud state, after collecting taxes for the pro- tiou of property, can be held responsible to furnish it, and the millions of damages paid will the bulk of them come out of labor, as all taxes filially do, in the way of rents and living prices. President Cleveland's action m forwarding troops was primarily for the purpose of pro tecting the mails and interstate commerce, duties of the Federal government, whose per formance was paralyzed by the mobs in de fiance of the injuctions of federal courts. The action was not only unobjectionable, it was absolutely necessary. Our people are natural ly aud properly very jealous of the employ ment of troops, and it Is delicate business that must be carefully handled. They should never lie brought to any scene to deal with any ordi nary disorders when the civil or local author ity is competent and willing to cope with the difficulty, as it was not here; but in such cases after the issuing of a proclamation the right of the federal army to strike is unqucstion able. The authority Is expressly conferred by the Revised Statutes. Similar proclama tions have been issued by Presidents Wash ington, Tyler, Taylor. Filmore, Grant and Hayes. Hayes Issued three with reference to the strike troubles of 1877. Grant's was about the rioting over the election dispute in Arkan- Filmore's was about the mob in Boston that rescued a fugitive slave from a marshal in Boston. But back of the whole affair looms auotber problem of government. This duty of protect ing the transmission of the mails and the con duct of inter state commerce, of preventing obstructions of the the very arteries of our national life, has a long train of correlated duties. We have only gone so far in this case as to prevent strikers or anybody else from interfering with the mails and commerce. But some of our courts have gone so far as to say that men engaged in carrying on these important functions have no right to strike or suddenly quit work In a body.beeause it would stop or disarrange their duty. This seems like pretty extreme doc trine for this country and If necessity finally compels its adoption, it must be accompanied by an arbitration system to guard the rights of employees, giving the adjustment of wanes to the interstate commission and having that body stand between the roads and employees as it now disss between the roads and the public. . It will probably have to come to that Immigration Ntntistics. A valuable study on the Immigration ques tion on its statistical side and In its larger re lations is made by Prof. Richmond Mayo Smith entirely from material afforded t by the census aud under the title, "Statistical Data for the Study of the Assimilation of Races and Nationalities lu the United States." He finds that the foreign element, Including in this term both the foreign-born and those of foreign-born parentage,coustitutes about one third of our population. Or In other words, of the 62,622,260 Inhabitants of the country as shown by the last census, 12 per cent, in round numbers were colored, 15 per cent. were white but of foreigu birth, 18 per cent, were American born, but 'of foreign parent age, and 55 per cent, were white native born of native parents. The proportion against the native stock is not so much greater than In previous generations as would be supposed by the superficial observer. But it is in the analysis by states that Prof. Mayo-Smith's figures are most suggestive. In two New England states, for example, he finds 57 per cent, of t he population of Massachusetts and only 23 per cent, of that of Maine is foreign-born or of foreign parentage. Maine, therefore, would have to be called more than twice as much a pure American state as Mas sachusetts and if the forebodings of some of our good people about the evil of the "foreign element" are justified, it ought in its laws and Fukk lumber, for which the new tariff bill provides by agreement of both houses of con gress, will operate like free coal In an Incalcu lable benefit to the people who have to use It without injury to the producers. The talk about "Canadian competition" amounts to just this In both cascs,that lu some parts of the country where Canadian lumber or coal Is near-by and American lumber would have to be hauled a long distance, the Canadian will be used, aud the tariff is simply to protect the railroads In doing an artificial business through i LY 13, 1894. VOL. XVIII. NO. 50. NOTINUS. ho gold exports fell Inst week to $1,100,- 001 son of Commodore McDoiiomrb, the hero of,' Luke Cbamplaiii, died In New Jersey re- ctjmy. I'he trial of W. S. Htreetor at Minneapolis, Mini., resulted In a disagreement of the Jur ors. Mr. Gladstone lias formally anil finally de clined to stand for re-election in the Midloth ian district. He is determined to retire from jpubllc life. - nte president nas approved ami signeu tne unnatural channels. 'As a ireneral fact and fact providing that a term of the Circuit and except where the difference is one of waste In Wrtrlct court of the United Wales for the (lis ..i ,t..o i. . . I trlct of criuont may be held In Montpeller. freights, tho American lumber manufacturers, in . i . need have no fear of Canada, for they are de- of of 15 In the end. Tiierk is for some reason a decided im provement In the fire loss record. The losses in June aggregated only $8,282,300, against $16,344,950 in June last year, and 0,205,550 in the same month of 1892. For the half year the losses aggregate 61,613,200, against $85, 12,1)00 in the first six months of 1893, and $65,473,250 in the corresponding period of 1H92. CXIPS. institutions, tho life aud character of its peo ple, to make much the better showing of the two states. But does it? . But single comparisons like this are not sufficient for safe conclusions, because of other elements that may enter into the problem, like Maine's demoralizing liquor law, the greater proportion of urban population In Massachusetts and the potent influence state traditions. But where, out one hundred voters, Maine has "foreigners" of voting age, Vermont has 19. Both the states have suffered for practically the same time from an unwise handling of the liquor problem, and the populations of the two states are very similarly divided as be tween city and country. But In Vermont the criminal statistics, the average of prosperity among the people, the character of govern ment, state and local, and the plane of poli tics, all the evidences of moral health, appear the better ot tho two, and they at least prove that the life of the state has not been lowered by Its larger "foreign" infusion. In a still.wider range it is found that for each hundred of males of voting age, Illinois has 36, Michigan 40, Wisconsin 53, Minnesota 59, Kansas 19, Missouri 17 and Indiana 12. Of tho older states of the Northwest there fore Indiana is the "purest American." But is there any respect, as regards its people, their sobriety, intelligence, good citizenship, in which it can be classed as superior to those states that are more than half "foreign?" We all know that it is the worst state in the union as regards vote buying and selling, which is perhaps as good a test of public vir tue as there Is. This may be said to be due to the fact that It has so long been close fight ing ground between the two parties, as Con necticut and New York have been, But the evil has had a less spread in the two latter states where the proportion of "foreigners" is much larger. Again New Hamp shire, J another state of comparatively "pure .American stock", has reached a degree of debasement in this respect close to that of the worst of the others, though very seldom classed as a "doubtful" state in the past 20 years. It is at least true tnat immigration is not a promoter of corruption at the fountain of political life. Generally speaking, the im migrant, if intelligent enough to compre hend it at all, appreciates too highly the right of suffrage, realizes too profoundly the duty it involves, to allow it to be bought in "blocks of fire" or any other way. But in other respects the comparison is not to the disadvantage of the populations of foreign birth or descent. The Populists who could make no impression on Wisconsin and had much briefer strength in Minnesota, still are a large factor in Kansas politics. In fact of all the northwest, Wisconsin with next to the largest "foreign" population has always stood the firmest against financial heresies, Indeed it cannot be claimed that there is any higher grade of intelligence, public spirit or material prosperity in Indiauua;and Missouri, the two states in the group show ing a strong anti-foreign complexion than in Wiscousin and Minnesota. Rather the con trary of the two. As a whole, therefore, the census does not give evidence that the "foreigu" population is injuriously affecting the welfare of the coun try. But there is a branch of the subject into which Prof. Mayo-Smith does not enter, that might be profitably pursued and in whit ground might lie found for the notions that are prevalent on the subject. The general idea is that the Immigration of the last few years, of French Canadians, Italians Slavs, Poles and Hungarians, is of a muc worse character than that which formerly came to us. To be sure this Is just what they were saying a few years ago about the Irish the German and the Scandinavian immigra tion, which they are now disposed to regaru as all right. Still there is no mistaking the fact, which has had so melancholy a proof at Chicago in the Anarchist uprising and again n the recent strike, where nearly every fatal ity and arrest has lecn that of a man with an unpronounceable foreign name, that a big,'bad element from foreign shores has got among us. But is it a matter of race or of individ uals? The. Hungarians for instance in some rts of the west are regarded as model citi zens, intelligent, industrious and law-abid ing. Historically, both they and the Poles in their own countries have been people that we bave been accustomed to admire, and the same is true of the Italians. We do not le- lieve that a close and exhaustive study of the facts of crime and pauterism, and anarchism so far as it can 1e niade.would show anything to the discredit of these races as races, but it would show instead that our carelessness and lack of a proper inspection system has admitted a lot of criminals and leaders of crime cast off from Europe by the social up heavals of recent years, and that a large and dangerous element of this kind has been re-in- forced with the worst of material gathered in the slums of European cities by the agents of steamship lines and land-grant railroads, and employing corporations that wanted to Iteat down the prices of lalior. In short the iiiiini. gration from which we are suffering is not the natural one of poor people but enterprising spirits who arc a lenefit from whatever coun try they come, but an artificial, stimulated one, not of people that come here of their own motion but of those that are brought here in some corporate Interest. The remedy is not in the raising of the mo.t senseless of all prejudices, a race prejudice againt certain eople, but of an intelligent, I closely administered system of discrimination fyiug Canadian competition not ouly in al South American countries and Japan, but in the British possesions of Australia and Afi(- ca, and even in England Itsolf.to all of whlcli, us the consular reports just Issued show, tbuy are making enormous exports of lumber. The business of manufacturing lumber for export was greatly stimulated in this country by the Canadian reciprocity treaty. Free lumber would do the same thing again. It would lu crease the business of all the lumber niaminic turing concerns In the country. In fact it may be set down as a principle that normally any Industry that Is doliurau exnort business does not need and ought not to have any tariff pro tection at home, and when it Is asked It is for the purpose of robbing home consumers for illegitimat profits either for itself or for some railroad. It is perfectly plain to the common sense view that where the Yankee can go abroad to beat the foreigner and he can in a much larger proportion of cases than Is gen erally imagined he cim also take care of him self on his own ground without any help from government. That so obvious a truth is dis puted or dodged bv so many men anil inter ests, only proves how wide" a hold doctrines of cowardice and greed have obtained in the past 20 years of subsidy systems. Statu Tkeasjuiihh Field has published has annual report f receipts and disburse meuts for the year ending June 30. It! shows expenditures of $854,298.40 of which fc87,500 went for temporary loans. $22,017.4"i for In terest, including $12,059.91 to towns for in terst on Huntington fund. $87,620.77 for the distribution of the five per cent state school tax and $87,587.26 for the five per cent state highway tax to towns. The auditor's orders aggregated $542,672.50 and the ijoldier's Home orders $4,974.50. These substantially represent the year's expenses, anil are just about twice what they ought to be and what they will be when the people of the htate get ready to have a HOUSE CLEANING of the petty misrule that afflicts them. The avails of tlie corporation tax, which was originally expected to pay all the state's expenses, as it ought to do, were $338,749.19. The amount of it is now that this tax is about all "blown in ' for needless and excessive exjwnses, and we are fast combis to pay as much direct state tax as we did before the law was passed. 4 The question is now much longer are tne people going to stand it? The Kansas llemocrats who Indorsed Cleveland and then voted for the free coinage of silver at the 19 to 1 ratio turned an artistic double somersault, but they didn't land on their feet. fBoston Herald." Gov Mutt hews of Indiana has won conshlcr- 11 ween individuals. able prestiire diirimr the past week simplv tie-1 cause he did not make a fool of hiin-elf after i the manner of the irovernor of Illinois.- Mat-i Travell t hews, moreover, has licen a iK-moerat as The New York World has published a series of articles on the smuggling of Chinese laborers, founded on the investigation of one of its reporters and Col Scharll', an inspector from the Treasury department. Though its statements are grossly exaggerated and un just in reflections on Collector Smalley and Gen Greenleaf, it has established the fact that extensive fraud has been practiced, Col Smalley is convinced of this, though he does not believe any of his subordinates are impli cated ,and he has ordered that no more China men be allowed to pass at all for the present Asa matter of fact and as even the World ar ticle admits, the system or .inspection in tbis district is the mostthorourh of any along tho line. No more jCbiuaijieu have passed his ' vear thai JWUli t-he previous administration, tlie nuiuner being from 650 to 700 yearly at this custom house. The facts as developed bv tlw Wjrld man. who eot into the confidence of one of the leading smugglers, are that laborers are passed in violation of law at a cost of about $200 each, only $10 of which Is honest passage money, even the Canadian government "swiping'' $50 apiece import tax which is supposed to bo refunded when they leave the country. There are three laro establishments in Montreal through which the business is done by the aid of simi lar ones in New York and Boston. The modus operandi is to secure full descriptions and photographs of the Chinamen when they arrive at Montreal and as the law allows the admission of merchants, Chinese storekeepers in Boston swear that these men are their partners, two white witnesses swear to it, notaries make out the papers straight, all get ting a share of the $200, aud some Chinese firms being shown by the records to have sworn to 30 and 40 and even 75 partners. These piqiers all go to the New York or Bos ton custom houses for verification before ad mission is allowed, and as the papers in each case appear to be alsolutely straight there is no way for the Vermont office to stop them. Col. Smalley has repeatedly explained the dif ficulty and the grounds for suspicion to the Washington office. The Vigilant was again beaten '"yesterday for the sixth time straight, by the Prince of Wales' yacht Rritttmin on the Clyde course. Evidently the cup is not going to stay on this side this year. Max Taepfer, a lunatic, was arrested at Philadelphia Wednesday for having written letters to President Cleveland threatening his life unless given a situation. Lord Randolph Churchill, the br illiant but eratic young British Tory, arrived in New York last week and will spend the summer at Newport and then proceed to a journey through the west und to Japan. "I have great faith in the administration of President Cleveland," said Senator Walsh of Georgia in his Fourth of July address to Tam many, and lo ! there was loud und prolonged cheering. Then Walsh went on to vigorously (lerenu tne income tax list as tniiuifli Liavld B. Hill were not the ideal of Tammany. Venezuela has declared a commercial war against Great Britain and suspended temnor arilv the payment of interest on such of her debt as is held there because of the hitter's refusal in most positive terms to arbitrate the Guiana boundary (pies t Ion. Gov. Flo.wer of New York has determined to appoint a commission to make further in quiry into the question of the sanity of the Hullldav woman, who is under sentence of death in New York for murder. Ex-Gov E. B. AVInans of Michigan, elected by tne uemocruts in issio and tlie nrst gov ernor that party ever had had for a genera tion, died on the Fourth at the age of 68. He was a native of Avon, N Y, a graduate of the University of Michigan, and a wealth-miner in California in the tities. He returned to Michigan in 1858 engaged in farming and was a member of congress in 1883 6. The 13th International Christian Endeav or convention opened at Cleveland, O., Wed nesday evening with gatherings in 14 churches and the l . iu. I '. A. auditorium. jMtcn meet ing opened with a praise service at 7.30 o' clock, followed by addresses from distinguish ed divines. A large number of delegates from all over the United States are present, anil it is expected to be as large, II not the largest gathering of its kind ever held. Another reminder of the old days comes by way of the Vicksburg, Miss., Herald, which savs: President Debs says the first shot fired by the federal soldiers wM'brlng on civil war. e ad vise him not to fight the United .States army. We've been there. Speaking of Senator Troctor's tariff speech, from which the Refokmeu quoted so largely at the time, the Washington Star says : "Sen ator Proctor achieved a sudden reputation as a senatorial humorist by making what is RUTLAND COUNTY. probably the most unique speech on the tarifl' bill that has yet been delivered. The senate was convulsed bv the senator's opening sen tences and the closest attention was paid to the quaint remarks of the tall statesmau from Vennoi.t." The Post said: "Senator Proc tor's dry wit und his early Sunday-school training were combined in u speech upon the tariff which was an oasis in a desert of dreary talk." The laying of the' Commercial Company's third cable, the seventh across tho Atlantic, was completed last week. The report of the national railway commis sion shows that the roads hud as hard a time as tlie rest of us last year. Over 61 per cent, of their stock paid no dividend, aud 11 per cent, of the mortgage bonds, and over 80 per cent, of income bonds, paid no interest. The total of all dividends puid was but about 2 per cent. Of the gross earnings of all the rail roads, amounting in the aggregate to some William Germond und Jlmnile Powers of Brundou, about 20 years old, were arrested last week Saturday, on a charge of nssaiilt and robbery preferred bv Joseph Hall, the old half breed Indian, wl'io claimed that the boys had robbed him of $25 that afternoon. The trial was set for that evening, but Hall was too drunk to give his testimony, so he was given a day to sober up, and the case was heard on Monday. The five bovs were put under $100 to appear at tho County court. James Waters of Rutland, fell from the sec ond story window of a building on Wood stock avenue last Monday, injuring bis buck and left shoulder. Edwin Prcvost of Rutland, had his right hand mangled by a band saw last Monday. The hand was cut neurly in two so that tlie doctors were obliged to amputate the entire index flutter and the middle fimrer at the sec ond joint. Forrest Battles of Brundou, was watching a game of ball last Wednesday when the bat slipped from the hands of one of the players, striking him on the forehead und iiitlicti'ug a oau cut. Fourteen of the Rutland Honor dealers were brought Into court Saturday by State's Attor ney Jones and 12 of them heavily fined. The fines, including costs amounted to $1850.24. Brandon. C M Willard has retired from the practice of law on account, of ill health. His local practice in Brandon aud vicinity ho has sold to E H Edgerton, a young lawyer of itocnesier. iur r.dgerion taxes possession wis week. E C Knickerbocker and wife of Albany, N i , are in town. J C Cram of Carteasville, Ga, Is visiting his lamuy. Mrs C F Wekrel of Lafayette. Ind. Is at Mrs jonn nowe's on rurK street. Miss Elsie Lockwoo'd of York city is ut Ar nold luuncnesier'S. Rev Mr Herrins, pastor of the Baptist church, has gone to 3Iassachusetts with his lamuy. Miss Annallusse is taking her vacation with her brother ut Proctor. Mr and Mrs Clcrmond of Montclair. N J. are visiimg xurs iarroii a irnme. , Miss Gertie Cahee is home from Smith col lege on her vacation. J O Bowman of Philadelphia and F E Backus of Williamsport, Pa, have joined the Backus party. Several other parties are vet to come and pass part of the summer. Mechanicsville Mr and Mrs Barrett and Mrs Whitford returned to Providence. Siiturt day and Mrs David Eddy went back to Rut land Monday. C D Seward purchased a lura-e pair of work horses of Lon Drury Monday. Billings & Crowthers closed their store Sat urday. A meeting of the creditors will lie held July 25th. George Perkins has gone to AVallimrford to work at blncksmithing. - Mrs Herbert Fassett and dausrhter from Bellows Fulls are visiting ut Mr Sturbird's. Mrs Bertha Germond from Rutland is visit- ng her brother, Frank Kales. Mrs May IT Seward and Arthur ilinvn In Pittsford .Saturday aud retuaned Tuesday. Ed Holden commenced ninni'iiir a meat cart Tuesday. Miss Hut tie Hill is at work at Green Moun tain cottage. Maud Acklev has srone to Hortonv lie to stay with her aunt, Mrs Ella Cndorett, a few weeks. Most of the 'farmers here commenced ing Monday. Ardie Marshall is at work for Cole Bros, at Tiirbcllvillo. Chas Marshall and family from Ludlow are visiting friends here. Mrs Frank Parmenter is visiting her son in FRANKLIN COUNTY. At the meeting of tho school board held at St Albans Tuesday, Alfred Turner of St Al lans, wa elected superintendent of schools and E J Coicord inado principal. Fire was discovered In the bouse occupied bv H N Parker and C L Pierce at St Albans Tuesday morning. The flumes were extin guished without much damage except from the water which drenched the whole of Mr Parker's tenement. Ernest, son of Nat Sheels, a farmer of Swan ton, was struck by lightning last Friday and Instantly killed. ADDISON COUNTY. The house of Special ProsccntorF W Noyes of Barre, was damaged Tuesday night by a fire cracker exploded by four unknown men, who were evidently seeking revenge for cer tain official acts of "his. They placed under his steps and veranda three large cannon fire crackers, two of which exploded, tearing up several feet of the veranda and breaking u pane of glass In the bay wludow, a few feet distant. ' The kitchen door was open but the screen door was closed und hooked. One of the party kicked a hole in the screen door and and threw a fire cracker into the kitchen. The explosion broke several dishes that were on the table. The explosions awoke Mr Noyes aim wire nut ueiore iney couiu get to the door the parties had lied. They were seen by a neighbor, but tbey were not recognized. The real damage done did not amount to more than $5. The supposition is that Noyes' official acts as prosecutor was the cause of the outrage, us he has been a terror to those who form tho element of the lomiiui n lev. CALEDONIA COUNTY. An attempt! was made to burglarize Sho rey's grain store at Lyndonville one evening last week. The burglars pried up a window and had drilled two holes iu the safe evident ly Intending to blow it open but were probab ly frightened away as there were evidences of a hasty departure. Groton. F M Weld is tism. ill with rheumu- hiiy- $1,220,000,000, over H25,000,(XI0 went for op- Wallingford crating expenses, and most of that was paid Miss Bertha Griffin has irone to Woodstock to employees. ,;to vlHt relatives. :.. . !... .! ..,.ii.,o.i in.ttL v -l" au,l A'rs JNewton started for their boinn Hart, Mich, on the 2 o'clock train Tuesday. Vice Phehidext Stevenson talks with sense when he says : - There is but one question now lieforc tho American public which needs Immediate de cision, and that is the question of law und or der. To ull right-thinking men there is noth ing now to do but to see to it that the author ity of the United States and of tlie state shall be respected, und that mob law and disorder of all sorts shall be suppressed. This republic must endure. It cannot endure so long as any organization of men shall be successful in raising their hands against it ; und, according ly, wnatever may ue tne just grievances or decision in a case against the collapsed Fideli ty National bank of Cincinnati, that is of im portance to national bunks. It holds that money lent by one bank to another cannot be recovered at law unless the officers of the bor rowing bank were duly authorized by the di rectors to make the loan. That is the presi dent and cashier, or either, cannot borrow money in the bank's name and the bank lie held responsible, unless their action is author ized by the directors. This decision has led manv "of the New York bunks to warn those correspondent bunks to which loans are some times made that hereafter applications for loans must be accompanied with the written assurance that the directors have authorized he applications. The destruction of the once beauteous White Citv on the shores of Lake Michigan was practically completed last week iu the burninif of the six great buildings that made a blaze that could be seen for 40 miles. The entire Court of Honor is wasted by fire and there remuins only a congeries of dismal iron skeletons mocking tlie vision of transcendent beauty which delighted millions of visitors last year. The stutiie of the Kcpuhlic now stands solitary in the basin as if it held its roy al place amid the strife of men. The fire hits generally been credited to the strikers but re membering the systematic way the other structures have gone, suspicion may properly be directed to other quarters. At. all events the work of the removers is much facilitated by the destruction of ail the stuff and ull the w:ood work which were valueless und the fire though fierce was brief and cannot have in jured the iron frame work to any great extent. Henry Carlton is failim; fast. His death is hourly expected. Lyle Clark, who hus been visitine ut Dr Eastman's returned home last Friday. A W Cofl'rin was badlv iniured last Sstnr. day night by falling through a hole in the burn tloor. His side is badlv hurt. Mrs B Welch is ill. Hon T B Hull is at home this week. The court adjourned for one week. Mrs Charles Heath is convalescent. Ralph Welch, the "sport" from Boston, is here on his annual visit. Cyrus Eastman and Nellie Welch went to the mountains last Monday where they will work in the Look Off Hotel. A Mrs Cheney and Mrs Bailer of Boston are boarding at Neal McRae's. Alex Pusre of Boston is at home iloino- his haying. He will bo in town one monih. Ada Shcrburn. who has been visitimr tit T B Hall's returned home last Monday. Mrs Charles Corruth is failing. Willium Russell was a guest at Alex Coch ran's over Sunday. Mrs Orson Ricker and Mrs George Melville have returned from their visil at Woodsville, N H. Mrs Jennie Belknap and daughter Katha rine of Littleton, N 11. were guests at II L Gilman's over Sunday. B M Ricker is now pushing business. He went to Boston on Friday with 108 hogs, fif teen calves and ten head of cattle. He went again this week with another loud. orange: county. Miss Mabel Ackley visited her aunt. Mrs S M Dickerman, last week. . Rev Dr George W Bicknell, wife and son and Miss Gertrude Sprague from Cambridge, Mass, Mr and Mrs Scripture from Lowell, Mass, und Mrs and Miss Clark, Lowell, Law rence P Robinson from Rockford, 111, are the latest arrivals at tlie cottage four more are ex pected Saturday. The Crusaders are still holding meeting here, and quite a good deal of interest is manifested. A Suggestion for Gov K Her. (From the Burlington News.) Our worthy governor from the beautiful town on the Connecticut, who has had a good deal of fun going about the country and tell ing his fellow citizens how to run the world, has broken out at the seashore. This time he is presiding over a good roads convention at Asbury Park, the watering placed; owned by Senator Bradley of New Jersey. As usual when the governor is "humping" himself the wires are kept hot and the printers are kept Proctor. Axel Lagerquist, who wus se riously injured about three months airo bv fulling over buckwards from the loading dock of the building marble shop to the railroad truck, running alongside of it with a truck, and piece of marble on top of him, returned from the hospital at Burlington Tuesdav afternoon. He is still obliged to use crutches, and it will be a long time yet before he is able to use his left limb again, 'but the prospect lor an ultimate recovery is a favorable one, ac cording to present indications. ere Rood hiiHtHni? to ennvpv his liioiiientons infnrniu- c'oinplaints of labor, they cannot le redressed tion to an expectant world. Presiding over in the manner in which it is now sought to re dress tnein. l lie law must he respected. Life and property must be secure. There must lie free transit between the states. The constitutional rights and privileges of every citizen must be maintained. and nothing shall be allowed to interfere with this. Rev. John Suvder writing; to the St. Louis Globe Democrat makes a good answer to some of our foreign critics, who see national weak ness in the liberty of sisjech allowed in this country, even to Coxey armio . Mr. Snyder savs : If fiiivmie will travel alonir thfl Rrnmlvu-liiR river lie' will nee larjie ihiwiIit factories, which are somewhat rnrioiislv built. They are con structed with three sides of tine and one side of the lightest timber. When tin explosion oc curs the tiiiiher si' It' Is Mown out, hut the stone sides are priwrved. The rivtlit of free speech, free press and free lia lot make the timlu.r side of nur lM.llti.-nl Hti'tieture. Thev offer hut Utile rOHistHiire lo tin explosions of liopularmrhatimi. Russia Is liuilt of stonu tliroii'shoiit. W ) tlin explosion comes all the walls will shatter." 1 ne I ill tl, ilo courier reprints a brief mblt-ess of Mr. Cleveland's made I."! years ago as mayor, on the o.vasion of tbeoOth anniver sary or that city s founding and which breathes the lofty ideal that has governed his w iwi-hi hoc uie; llni k and mortar may make a larro -ltv lint the oiK-frtjrnifeiNfMiif tliosf tliimrs whu-h Wat and purify, the exaction of the highest stindanl of iiili-irrlly iu ullii-ial place, anil a -onstnnl, ac live hue est on the part of the -rood people in aiunk-iMil rnremment, are needed to make a treat rily. Let It le twlrt of ns In the rni-iinlnl time, w hen only nur names and memory are left, that we fnithfiilly administered the trt'iat we received from our fathers, and rvll(ri,,nlv per. formed our parts, in one day and (reiteration, tow aril nutkiujf our city not only rovuerous,but truly (treat. a irood roads convention in torrid weather may be harmless enough if the act is confined to the wicked eople of Ashhury who volun tarily come within range of the governor's battery, but we protest against the bringing of bis convention within range of the news paper offices during the hot weather. The Sews cannot refrain from adding that it thinks our gallant governor would be better employed in assisting the gallant New Jersey senator in looking after the morals of the Park and sewing additional frills upon the abbreviated bathing suits of the prettv girls of that famous resort. The labor of fucreas ing tlie size of these seductive garments to con form to the Asbury Park standard has de volved wholly upou Brother Bradley for sev eral years and we are sure ne would welcome the services of so gallant and handsome an assistant as the governor of Vermont. Mt. Holly A pleasant yet sad event of the season was the marriage "of Miss Nellie R Collmrn, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs L A Colburu, to Herbert S Newton of Hurt. Mich. The ceremony was informed in the presence of only the immediate family by Rev G W Clough, and the presents were useful and valuable. Neither of these young people need an introduction to the people of Mt Holly as the bride was born, and hus always resided here, while the groom spent the first 15 years in this town. The event is sad. inas much as we lose from our midst one of our most amiable, talented und populur' young ladles;, and one wno will be missed from the community, the public school, social gather ings, und church choir, but most of all will she lie missed from the home. 3Ir and Mrs Newton started for their home in Hart.where Mr Newton is extensively engaged in fruit raising, on the mail train, followed by many regrets for the loss of Miss Co I burn but by best wishes for a long and prosperous future, by a host of friends. Our quiet little village has put on quite a lively appearance with 14 city boarders at "The Elms" and two at W D lfolden's. Mrs J P S Packer has a new piano, pur chased of Estey Co. jirs ina iMCKerman or iuuiow, nas oeen a guest at L A Colburn's the past week. Mrs Angela Parker of Wallingford and Mrs Ella Perry and two children of White River Junction, have lH-en guests of Mrs Milan Dickerman for two weeks past. One of the pleasant gatherings on July 4 was at J I) 8 Packer's, Mrs Packer inviting the Baptist choir, of which she is a memlier, and Rev B R Harris and wife. Mr Harris Iteing our former pastor, and a few other friends to her elegant home for afternoon and evening. CHITTENDEN COUNTY. West Randolph. E J Biodgett and wife of Lyndonville, are visiting relatives in town. Twenty-two bicyclists had a ride to Snows ville Friday evening. Refreshments were Hcrven at tao bnoWHVille DoumKn time was enjoyed by all. Mr and Mrs E A Thomas are visiting in St Albans. O T Culver of St Albans is visiting in town. L F Thayer aud wife were called to Tafts ville Friday to attend the fuueral of an aunt, Mrs M iry Ann Gilliert. J B Eltlredgo was In Hanover, N.H., Satur day. F P Mann and wife returned from a four weeks' vacation in Massachusetts. They were accompanied by Mrs C D Seymour and two children from Springfield, Mass. Ira M Jones, one of the oldest citizens, died suddenly AV'ednesdnv nftprnnnn from henrt difficulties. He had" been up street during the forenoon and said that he was ' feelimr better than he had for some time. After dinner while crossing the room he fell, dying a few moments later. He leaves a wife and two daughters, Mrs Lemuel Richmond of this place and Mrs George A Laird of South Roy alton. .The funeral was held Thursday after noon from his residence. J B Drew, senior memlter of the firm of Drew & Leonard of the Park drus store, has moved here from Fairfax. He is living on South Pleasant street. Frank Griswold hus sold his hundsome horse "Headlight" to Dr W Sewurd Webb of Shelburne Forms. Mr und Mrs E J Biodgett of Lyndonville are visiting relatives and friends in town. Will Seymour und wife, VT E Sauit, wife aud sou of Lynn, Mass, are visiting relatives n town. Mr and Mrs F W Sault have returned from their trip to Burlington, Morrisville and St -Aioaus. The Misses Line of Northfield were the guests of Miss Florence Soper oh Thursday. Mr and Mrs Amos Kidder, who have been the guests of Col R J Kimball and family at Montague Place, have returned to their home in Plymouth. N H. J B Eldredge went to Hanover, N H, Satur day, on pension business. Deafness Can Hot be Cured iv local applications, as they cannot reach the iseasod istrtion of tlie car. 1 here in only one way to cure deafness, and that is by con'-ditu- tional remedies. Ieafiiess is cruised bv an inflamed condition of tlie mucous linintr of the Eustachian Tills-. When this tube j inflamed Verdict for PlalatUTTerrlea. In the Richmond case of Terrien v Blssell Judge Start charged the jury Saturday morn ing after which they retired. They returned an hour and a half later with a' verdict for plaintiff to recover i!l.M". Numerous excep tions bare been noted and the ox case may figure in supreme court. Chltteatdra Coamtjr Cemrt. In the Burlinirton court Monday, Timothv Malonev was fined $'t with costs of t'J.51 or SOdavs for intoxication, lie disclosed on Charles Hastings of Brownsville, was shoe ing a horse the other day, when the animal reared, aud struck him on the head as It came down, knocking him senseless. Three negroes, employed at the Paynter (Pa.) works of the McClurc coke company, went to Scottdale, Pa., Monday afternoon, and strikers attacked and drove them into Fayette county. Shots were exchanged, but no one was injured. The negroes went back to the coke works. The 150 negrorw at the work armed themselves, anil at 4 v. in.. marched to town and paraded the streets, i Ernest Mercler, who was fined 30, with costs yelling and flourishing their weapon. Final- 'of 15.01. atd appealed. Michael McGrath lv tbey attacked and badly wounded a Huntra- I was fined 10 with costs of 0.51. or 40 days r'ian. " Burgess Robertson appeared on the for a second offence of intoxication. He dis scene and commanded the mob to disperse, (ckwed on Timothy Makmey, who was again A negro tired three shots at him and another arraigned and fined 5 with costs of 15.01 struck him with a stone. This was a signal or K days. William Callahan was tilted fill fur a battle, and a crowd of f citizens nih- 'with costs of 22.52 for having liquor on at the nesrroes. The negroes retreated, shout- ' hand with intent to sell, and appealed. Miwes Inif liack into the crowd, and al least 5l shots I Ijivigne was fined 20 Willi costs, of 22.52 were fired. The citizens seen red revolvers for a similar offence and he also appealed, and guns and chaed the neirrnes through Henry Hixby, who received a sentence in Pa-time park, keeping up a hot tire. The ne- 'Court'a few days aso, appealed, and wa re groes e-t-aped through Ibe woods to the ' tils tided toail liecaiise of failure to secure works. David Monday, a neirro, was proha- pmiier tall, came into court, withdrew his blv fatal Iv wounded and was captured. A ucal and will lie taken to Rutland today to strike leader known a "I hitch Davy." had a j work out his sentence. finirercut off. Patrick McA lee was' severely injured. It is reHrted that at lea-t a tlozen B -ad ford.--Fred Kent of Lawrence,Mass, is stopping at the hotel for the summer. Mrs E G Osgood of Bellows Falls, was in town last week to visit her brother at ex-Gov Farnham's. Charles Jones has trone tothePrnflln knnu White Mountains, for the summer, in chartre of the livery at that place. The many friends of Mrs L W Doe are glad to know that her health is improving so that she is able to ride out. Rev Mr Hamlin, who has leen ill in town since conference, has gone to tlie hospital at Hanover, N H, for treatment. The Republican county convention nomi nated H W Bailey of Newbury, and J K Dar ling of Chelsea, for senators. " There were probably more than 500 head of cattle, sheep and hogs carred at Bradford for Boston last Monday. Never itefore at one time were so many carred. I Ion? as Algeld. Sprinelield Republican. i on every trip a Istttle of Synip of Fur, as Even the mot partisan Republicans are I it acts m'ot ileaantlv and effectively on the glad that there is in the presidential chair jtit kidneys, liver and bowels, preventing fevers, now a man who has all tlie hacklione re-' headaches and olher forms of si-knes. quired to meet with firmness any emenrencv. For ssle in .Vic. and 1 l-ott k-s by all leading And even tin? most strongly-partisan Repnlt- j dniggMs. Manufactured by the California lican papers say so. Portsmouth Times. Fig Syrup Co. only. ou have a rumbling sound or imperfect hear- nr. and when it is entirely ckwed. Deafness is the result, and unlc the inllaininalion can nt-irroe were wounded and that one is dead lie taken out and this tule restored to U nor-1 At Oo'chs-k a report readied town that Ihe j mal condition, bearimr w ill I destroyed for- ncirmes were coniinif hark, and the citizens . . . ever: nine cases out of ten are rait.! bv ' lti-vimm! f.r a battle. Th-re were li"i arm- ' '!" Baby waa we nave nercaatona. Whether on pleasure lient, or btisine-, take catarrh, which is nothinir Ixit an inflamed : ed men on Ihe streets. , The ncirr.tes went , jeahewr a Child, she cried for Caatoria condition of Ihe iiiin-oo sorfai-cs. We will irive One Hundred Itollars for any i case of Ieafness (caused by catarrh) that ! cannot I cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send , for circulars: free. I . - I." I . . .. . I . 1. .... toll, - I . I n - , 1 1 M t ' i , a,, in- i i. iiii in , . . f. .. ,. fm to tlie c.ke works. The town then quieted j she became Visa, aba clunf to Castorov town. It was said, however, the ni-.'nx- ahra h had Children, she gr tixm Caatoria. were recruiting their forces at nk'ht. ' The fertllif.lntr works of W llliams A Clark of Corinth. Children's Day has been post poned at the South Meadow until July 22. The selectmen have laid a new road from Pike hill through the George Banks farm to Salmon W Davis' house. Mr and Mrs Orrln Hodim recentlr lw daughter, about eight years of ageafter a very suigjtini painrui illness. E S Cartetiter.onc of oar most wide-awake townsmen when in good health, has been quite feeble for the past few months, but is improv ing. rrrnderfrast-a Fate Sealed. 1 Prend errant ' last hope fled Tuesday, when Judtre Kailev refused to -rrant the writ "of error asked for. The prisoner will lie hanfred today miles reprieved or respited by the governor. This Inner emergency l nnlilielv. MAUltlED. In Kast llardn k-k. 4ulv . I,v Rev. II. V. Ba ker. Henry II. Hill and Miss Louisa Wood, both of M.-innard. In Mt. Hollr, July 10. at the home of the bride, by Kev. .. W. l,.,iv-h. Miss .-Pie R. Collmrn and Mr. llertx-rt J. Newton of Hart, Mich. DIED. ft- J i-lt-t-v A ill T-.ll.. 41 . . .:. . . - . , - - - - - - , . j , arierei, 3. si, were tturitrs r" 1111 s, 1 j ricniiiftj i tj5Sold by Druggist, 7.V. adv. Lom fjixi.nw. In Keh-hville, Jaly , Mr. A. W. Uoddard, aired T3 year. In Lempster: July, Amos lloontoon, axed S3 yer. 1 1 curt IH-en-e In Marlow, July 4. Mrs. Amaneta Miller, ace.1 SI vear, 7 month and dsv. In SnriuKUvld, July 4, AlU-rt (.row, ajted 1 vear. " In V e-t,,n. July . Chsrlle Work. In North t harlct..n. July X, teo. H. Powers, aaed 57 years and S months.