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v$r"r? - v" """'WfV-1 ? --t "n"" . .tMk i? TT'- 'S'pjf- o Ya -. . ,-,; vu-A -v o 1pfc Farmers Champion Successor to Indiahotna Champion ELGIN, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1913 r -- z Vol.3 No. 12 -vrprl Vr1 ""- 'f i t I I 1 D. E. McAnaw Lumber T Compani Dealers in . . . All Kinds of Building Material Grain, Cotton, Coal. Best Mexico Coal $7 a Ton MMCU The Bank That Accommodates Bank of Elgin Elgin, Oklahoma Deposits Guaranteed If you are not already our customer, open an account without delay. A. L. McPhbrson, Prcs. 0. A. McPherson, V. P. E. McPherson, Cashier. I t ;. .;. .;. .;. .;. .;. .. .;. .;. .;. . .j. .5. .5. .5. .;..:..j..K--:H'.t..M'-H' I J. P. KENNEMUR . . . For the Very . . . Bargains in GROCERIES AND FURNITURE See Kennemur First Door West of Post office Fine Kitchen Cabinet Given Away .1 Elgin, Oklahoma 1 m aw THE BABY'S SMILE S) I I Just Oh, there's something mighty knowin' in a little baby's smile, And there's something mighty grippin' in it. too; An' unless your soul is stunted with the vicious and the vile It is bound to make a better man of you. When the little lips start partin' into signs of gladness real, An' the little eyes light up an' sparkle glee, You forget the day's misfortunes an' the weight o' care you feel, An' you're sure that you are as happy as can be. You may be the glummest fellow ever shrouded in despair, You may wonder if the battle is worthwhile, But your hart will start to beatu) just as though it had no care If the baby only greets you with a smile. If you look across the table to the high chair where he stays, An' his bright eyes look into yours, an' then Blaze into joy, as only a bright little baby's eyes can blaze, You forget the petty ignominy of men. You forget that you are troubled; you forget that you are cad; You arc lifted for the moment from despair, An' you thank the God who made you, and who let you be the dad Of the baby who sits smiling in his chair. And if came Dame Fortune to you, with here sweetest smile, an' said: "T hnvn hnnrrlpri tho wnfM'a mnn.. i :i Just give up that little baby an' it's yours;" you iiHKU your nuuu, And reply: "I'm richer with that baby's smile Ma ted Winter lonilis on the Farm How to Improve Them Poultry Breeding How lo Chooie a Breed, Mils ind Rett Fowlt Thm Will Care Ltrgit Net Retutoi By PROF. J. G. HALPIN Wlmmln Colltf af Jit rleallan CoiunUlit, 1010, by V'Uru Nawipapcr Union Tho universal question of tbo far mer Interested In poultry Is "What breed will provo most profltablo (or general farm purposes?" Ho Inces santly besieges tho poultry fancier, the editors of poultry Journals and similar authorities on chickens with this query. It Is Impossible to answer thin question In tho way the farmor donlros. Ho expects n pnrtlculnr breed to bo named outright and char acterized an tho premier money-ma-Iter of all varieties. Duo to tiio great similarity extsUng between the breeds, oxtremo varia tions In local conditions exist. As a result of Individual peculiarities and preferences of tho owners of tho flocks, no one broed can bo named as tho most profltablo for all farm pur poses. In general, the dunl-purposo breeds, capablo of both meat and egg produc tion, are host adapted to farm condi tions. Specialised varieties are Im practical for the general farm, as they requlro too much attention and care. The farmor needs n bird with much In some brush pile neit wherein the chicks aro hatched. Another hen will produco 160 eggs annually under the proper conditions of housing and care. From which of theso setting! of eggs should ono select the stock with which to replenish the breeding pensf Too often tbo choice is tuado of tho Inferior brush pile-reared roughers concerning whose egg-produ-clng qualities nnd prolificacy the farm er knows tittle. Always breed from the bens which lay thU best In tho fall as they best serve this purposo. Never save eggs for setting from a sluggish hen that hangs around tho roost "droopy" and sleepy and displays an inactive, lazy disposition. The habits of the hen can be studied best In the winter and this Benson is tho propor time to se lect breeding stock. Accurate and rigid (election of brooding stock should commence early. Study the flock carefully, espe cially aa regards tho laying heus which have the reddest combs and which hover around the nests. Those, A poultry house well adapted to the average farmer. It haa four MM. each connecting with a lot In the rear. PHYSICS OF THE SOIL WATEri Finer the Soil Particles Greater tha Number of Pore Spaoee and (treat- r Amount of Moisture, As soil Is composed of email places, of rofli It Is evident that the eoll par ticles do not occupy all of the space in tho volume. Into the pore spncea left between the toll grains the water finds Its way, and the amount of wi ter tho soil will contain depends upon tho number of pore spaces left be tween the soil grains, writes H. H4 Stonor of Hydo County, 8. D., In thai American Agriculturist. The finer thai soil particles the greater the numbed of pore spaces and the greater amount! of water it will hold. Pore spaces In the average western, soil represent from 80 to SO per cent of Its volume. This means that the; soil v.111 hold 80 to 60 per cent, of lta volume of water. In a. dry soil thai pore spneos are filled with air, and tha application of water drives out tha atri and fills tho spaces with water. When the poro spacoe are full the soil Is sat urated. Saturated soil oannot drain, ItsoU dry. There will be left behlnfl! around overy soil particle a thin film of water which the power of gravita tion cannot remove. This Is known aa hydroscopic water. Upon this mols-. turn the roots of plants depond for food and water Capillary water Is removed in two, ways: First, by the action of plant! roots; second, by means of evapora tion, As the capillary water from thai soil U evaporated the surface tension of the water tends -to approximate tha eoll particles until by the time all ol the capillary water la removed the aoQ particles have been brought wlthta ooheMvo relationship. Thla oausaa thai soil to shrink la volume, and tha par tides being now brought within clos relationship with each the power cohesion acts between thorn. Wat readily pathos from one soil (rain ti another. This has bean Incorrectly) called capillarity. ' It Is not because capillary tubal are) formedln a crushed soil that water is lost ny capillarity. Tho soil grains during tha drying process hare beon bo closely approximated to each other that tho dry soil grains steal the wa- ter from the moist ones below and carry It in a stream from one soil, particlo to another until It finally! reaches the uppermost ono. Then itl Is carried off Into the air by evapora-, (ton, If a soil that has been subjected! to the drying and contracting process; be stirred with any Implement the1, soil particles will be separated so far, apart that they will He beyond coi boslve ranges of each other. In such a soil It Is almost impossible for wa-j ter to travol from one soil grain to! anothor for tho power of the dustj mulch. In this caao the water rises, by capillarity from the moist eoll be-! low until It comes In contact wtthj tho dry, looso and separated pr.rticlea, of the mulch, whoro It is diverted fronaj lta upward courso. o DAIRY NOTKS. Qeod cowa make dairying Interest lng. The best feed for the dairy cow la bran and aborts. Pure water Is essential for the cow'a health and for the purity of the milk. The growth of tho dairy buslneea has bei a phenomenal in the last few years. If you want your oream to stay aweet long, cool it down promptly and keep It cool. Tho averago cow mllka well until she Is olght years old, or about six producing years. The feed of a dairy cow Is a very, Important matter, and cowa, like men, relish a variety of foods. The community cow testing asiocla tlon la a good thing, but It la not aaj good aa the farmer doing hla own test ing. The bull Is half the herd and more, Milk is easiest separated aoon after milking, before It haa had a chance ta cool. The dairy cow will produce many, tlmea her own weight In rnllk eaoh year and bring a return of 100 pen cent, on her cost annually, In very) jnany cases. If a farmor haa a fine cow ho will take as much pleasure in milking and; caring for her as he does la feeding ana. grooming a good horse. Thay Never Ceme lack, "four things come not back to a man or woman: the aped arrow; the" spoken word: the past lite; and tfao' neglected opportunity;" "Taa Oralf"" Aaiulet" 1)7 Maud Utvqr. VI A ,r..