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Farmers' champion. (Elgin, Okla.) 1912-1922, February 20, 1913, Image 1

Image and text provided by Oklahoma Historical Society

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96087587/1913-02-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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Farmers Champion
Successor to tiielUhoma Chamtnofl
Vol 3
No. ltf
D. & McAnaw
T umber
Dealers in . . .
All Kinds of
Building Material
Grain, Cotton, Coal.
Best Mexico Coal
$7 a Ton
. ; ;: mmoit i !
The Bank That Accommodates
Bank of Elgin
Elgin, Oklahoma
Deposits Guaranteed
If you are not already our customer, open an
account without delay.
A. L. McPherson, Pies. 0. A. Mc)?herson, V. P.
' E. MoPherson, Cashier.
! 1 ! H"t-H
0 rbpls of Potomac's stream,
- Break gently where the tread
Of thousands press the hallowed sod
Above our greatest dead;
Mount Vernon, Freedom's dearest shrine
Guard well thy sacred trust.
Locked in thy loyal heart of hearts
Ye keep the Patriot's dust,
1 see htm glide among the huts
That dot the cheerless gorge
The Joshua of a struggling band.
The Man of Valley Forge;
Where'er he goes his smile illumes
The shades that thickly tie,
And all who hear his words resolve
- v With him to do or die.
The pilgrim comes from lands enslaved.
Beyond the restless sea,
To meditate where sleeps the man
Who taught men to be free;
The glitter of the sword he drew;
Makes bright the world today,
And hands unborn will crown its hilt
With laural and with bay,
He needs no granite shaft to tell
Of glorious actions done; .
His monument? -the freest land
That lies beneath the sun t
Today with swelling pride we seek
The banquet board once more.
And drink to Htm whose fame isfmr
Beyond Virginia's shore.
He is not thine, Mount Vernon, though
Upon thy sacred breast.
Wrapped in the mantle Glory weaves,
In peace he takes his rest;
The voice of Liberty proclaims t
"He is my honored son."
And Fame with lofty pride proclaims:
"The World's one Washington.
4" upon "the eld. wfiffe the water It"
self drains away, Tho short flood'
rears tho water which has drained
through one basts Is now permitted to
reach the Nile before being used tcf
flood another; aad it Is better to gtaat
water without site to these lands thadj
to lire no water it all
By reeeatiy addpted methods the,'
basins are ailed as earty as posslbM
aad are permitted to drain away Wi
from SO to 40 days, so that the eultlva..
tor may hare plasty of time to plaail
his winter crops. As the water re?
cedes the seed Is 'usually broadcasted!
on the wet soil; tf sown later upon a
drier surface, the plow or the hoe Se
used to cover the seed. No further at.
tentlon Is given to the crops until the'
harvesting season, and the land dries4'
up to a considerable extent, ofteaj
cracking to a depth of two meters.
The effect upon the crop Is usually
shown by the shriveled state of thef
grain In the case of wheat and barley.,
although on account of the richness efj
the silt deposited upon the land, th
yield Is generally fair. The moderal
basin cultivation Is Egypt Is Is oppsM
stllon to the principles recommeadadl
for land In similar conditions.
Start Seeds hi agahslle.
Cucumber, squash aad melon seeds.1;
and In fact many others, may be start-i
ed In the house In any one of a dosea
ways. Try this one: 8ave the shells;
of eggs by breaking off the small endji
and removing the contents without
drstroytng the shell; fill the empty
shells wtth rich soil, and plant In each;!
shell two or three seeds. Keep thesBJ
In a" warm aad sunny ptaes la that
house until ready to plant In the gaiM
den, by which tlme the little plaste?
wUl be welt started. Then break the
shell off, leaving Intact the ball of
earth; set this la the place designated!
for It, and the ptaata will start grow
ing without say check whatever.!
Empty strawberry boxes serve a simi
lar purpose Is the ssse of tomato and
cabbage plaatr; set box and all into,
the groan, sad twV be wtlt aHerHy
decay, leaving the pla&t undisturbed)
and firmly established.
T. C. Harbaugh
. . . For the Very . . .
Bargains in
See Kennemiir
First Door West of
Pest office
Elgin, Oklahoma
tsaaaas 1
This Department is devoted to those methods
are so wonderfully revolutionizing Agriculture
a v
i that I
Pulverisation of Sell fnablss Moisture
of Lower Levels to Rise Toward
he Surfi
(By O. C. DUDOEON, Director General
QftteparUnant of Agriculture of
Dry farming, considered tn the wide
seas, la preeminently associated with
the agriculture of Egypt from the ear
liest recorded times. During the cen
turies while the country has been wlth
aat a significant rainfall and has been
dopeadeat upon the annual flood sup
ply from the River NUe, the valley of
the same has been aader continuous
cultivation, aad has always been looked
soon as extremely productive In com
parison even with these regions where
frequent rain has rendered cmHIvatloa
more easy and Isss prsearioas.
It la interesting to note that lust
previous to the adopttsa of a system
of eoatrolllag aad regulating the river
supply, that by carefal treatment of
the land, most of the areas, for which
frequeat waterings are sow .consid
ered asesssary during the whale period
af their grdwth, were aaeeestfully ars
duoed, whlie only ratslviag a heavy
salt saturation for two aoaths pre
vious to sowlag asd a mora water
Sabsea.asaUv. Aeeerdtsg ts this meth
od the eottoa fields ware sot watered
tar frets 117 to 137 daya. It may be
remarked la passing that tho yield pe-
tawm caadltioni Is said
to have been considerably higher than
the average of that obtained under the
present perennial system.
The essential principles which are
recommended for dry farming at the
present time are practically Identical
with those which wars employed for
eottoa In the early days of the Intro
duction of commericsl eottoa growing
In Egypt The soli in the first instance
waa thoroughly plowed and aerated,
and was then tilled so that the pan
icles were finely and loosely separated.
The pulverization of the soil enables
the water of the lower levels to rise
towards the surface by capillarity at
a much slower rate than It would do
were the particles more closely com
pressed. The slower the progress of
tho soil water towards the surface, the
alower also becomes the evaporation.
It was, without doubt, owing to the
careful system of cultivation followed,
that cotton was enabled to subsist for
the very long period mentioned above
without the application of water. The
bssiti svstem of cultivation is still
targely practiced la Tipper Egypt, but
cotton la not grown as a basin prop.
The system Is doubtlese.ef the great
est antiquity, and baa aaly been Im
proved recently by the adjustment 6f
the water supply by the irrigation de
partment to insure that as little as
possible of the basis' land should be
left unwatered.
The "red water"" f the Nile Is run
nto (he b""'Bs nfivh vary Iti sfzi
and Utf qlt op.gpilltad to. be (ifiDosJt;
Mixture of Feeds Beat '
It haa been demonstrated that It tal
best to feed layers both scratch food
and mash, the former betag a mixture
of whole and cracked grains and the;
latter a mixture of ground gralas aad)
their by-products. Neither alone gives
the results which may be obtained
from the combination. As a general
rule the greatest egg aroduetloa le
obtained when the mixtures are usedi
In the proportion of two pounds a
scratch feed to one pound of maab,
It la not possible always to regulate
this exactly, but as this birds eat the!
scratch feed more readily the desired?
result may be had by varying thai
quantity of scratch feed according to
the amount of mash consumed. Whoa
the amount of scratch feed given tal
radused the quantity of mash eatoal
will be increased ssirsaaaadlaglf.
Growing Currants.
Currants may be most relied on af
any small fruit for a crop, If kept free
from the currant worm, flarly appli
cation of hellebore powder will de
stroy this poet, and a good crop la al
most sure to follow, remaining on the
bunches from two to three weeks
they give better opportunity to mar
ket than most berries aad geaeragff
snag a good pnoe.
Weeds en Farms. "
One reason why many farmers daf
not get rid of weeds on their farms
is because they try to cultivate too
much land. To keep weeda dowsy
erops must be cultivated all the time,
aad If thero Is more land than can be
covered as often as needs be tha
weeds will get the better of one ever
Weeds for gutter WerklH
fctaple and ash art the best wood
far a butter worker, aad they shouts!
be seasoned for at least a year If"
they are not artificially kiln dried)
But It la chesper aad less trouble a&f
Just as satisfactory to buy a table bti)
ter worker from a dairy supply housew
Food le FSttnaatlsit.
Food and food' production for the'
dairy lies at the foundatloa of suo
osssful dairying. Unless tha fouadex
Hon la well laid tka baalaess will be?
a failure.
ftesl Kind d Mart.
A man who Is worth calling a man1
M not the man who tries to sea how
much he can got, but the man whose"
object Is to see how much he eaa daf
without. ,, jt ,.,.,....,....-
;A.- JIK-.-r;Z&

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