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Farmers' champion. (Elgin, Okla.) 1912-1922, February 27, 1913, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96087587/1913-02-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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Sueesigortb iftdiaJaoma Champren
No. 1
- Tm rwiMwn-'T tryH" 'Jiie i teal- rK,UMri
D. E. McAnaw
f umber
- Compan
Dealers in .
All Kindt of
Building Material
Grain, Cotton, Coal.
Best Mexico Coal
$7- a Ton
AiA.t.A.i-IAJ.A.t.AlAAAJ,X,4,tA-tA,. Sm.ll Aitl mSiaimVll
The Bank That Accommodates
Bank of Elgin
Elgin, Oklahoma
Deposits Guaranteed
If you are not.already our customer, open an
account without delay.
A. L. McPhbrson, Pres. 0. A. McPherson, V. P.
E. McPherson, Cashier.
,,t. ,t. j, X
... For the Very ...
Bargains in
' w
See Kennemur
Firs ETdor West of
Elgin, Oklahoma
From New Vork World.
Uncle Same Getting Ready For a Progressive President
Intereotiitg anal laetrvottve Kxaer
ment Cendueted at Nerth Dakota
Agricultural College.
(Br w. a pai-mbr. AarieimioMi Mttai
North Dakota ArtTtUMI Coll,)
Tluti woeda reduce yields ta art
dent To eat bobm Idea of bow atuea
weeida might redaee ylelda 1 eeleetec;
a flald that waa waadr wKh ptgeoa
graae, the wheat wm ripe. I meas
ured oat a equal yard at several
placaa, pulled tha waada carefully a
aa not. to disturb ,the wheat Tha
weight of the waada -without roots'
waa aa fotlowa: SI ounces, 68 ounces,
hi ouneea, 66 ouaeee, and 60 ouaees.
makin gan average of 66 ouneea par
aquare yard. Tha frat one la quite
little abore the araraga. If that la
left out the aroraga will be 60 ouaoaa
to the aquare rard, or three and three
(ourtha pounda. Thla would
14,620 pounda to tha acre. A
pie of weeda waa dried and gara If
par cent dry weight, or 8,049 pounds
of dry matter, one aad one-bait teas;
or enough to redase the yield at
wheat 16 baahela, prortded wheat
could have made aa good uie of tha
raolaturo and plant food. One thing
la certain, and that la that tha grow
ing of theae weedaraaad up 8,100 teas ,
of water, the equivalent of 18 InchW
of rainfall aad that la rain that waa'
actually In the aoll where the wheat
ooutd have eecured it It la aa ea
panslve thing to have oa. tha tarn."
are so wonderfuly rarelaHieaiwiaig Africulture
L r
Spaataa PeuRd
s a See ma ta Ba
. tl Dr-oughL
Throughout E
Coiuldurable Interest haa
arouaed through Uw tmaorUtten by
the United States department of agri
culture of some new, hardy vartetlee
of alfalfa. Little, however, la generally
known concerning the characteriatlca
of theae now alfalfas or the real pur
pose of their Introduction.
In tha search for hardy ferns of
common alfalfa (Medlcago aatlva)
adapted to aevere candltlona or
drought and cold, the potential value
or closely allied apeclea baaaaaa appar
ent. A yellow-flowered apeetea (Medl
cago falcata) found widely dlatrlbuted
throughout Eurasia, forpaa of which
thrive on the told, dry atepaea of Rua
fIu and Bluillor regions, aaemed to be
the most promising. .Tor thla reason'
pcrslateut efTorte wore made to lm
port many vaipablu lotsu of thla ape
cle!.' trP,1'iML.
Medlaairijjtaata1bjMaettBly called
"Blbarka9gjBa," 'far which there
la aa aaMiaf Jpamaaaa aaaM, ta
charaetarlaid ii'tltieral by 1U droop
ing habit, Barrow leavaa aad ana
sterna; but It Is ao variable that aoae
planta awy be readily aalstaken for
common alfalfa when est la Sower.
Very few of tha forma pasasaa true tap
roota Ilka tha common alfalfa, but they
have a branching root aratam by
whleh aaw planta are praduaad. The
flowera are yellow and tha aaad pods
falcata or alekle shaped, heaca Its
betaalaar name.
Tha department of agriealtare has
met with many difficulties te procuring
abed la quantity, aa it Is net handled
commercially aad In no plane is It
produeed la abundance la spite ef the
aearetty ef seed very thorough teata
have been conducted, both uader eultl
vatton anfen unbroken aad at the
department'a taatlng atatioaa and In
caoperatlve experiment at state ata
tioaa. The remits of theeVteeta ef the
avallabla ferau 9t Meaaa faleaU
Indicate rather definitely that their
chief value la for crosalag'-wlta eom-
men alfalfa to produce 'hardy and
drought-resistant hybrid etretaa. At
preaant the aeW etfairas e" eat appear
ta be vMfflelrtntty produsmrV. ta altilto
'Hem gftaVrally prolltabW aader eultl'
vntldh. Mnny or the lorsM SM ttaqUos
Innahly .very hardy aaid esauBht-rdf
utm hi ini Tiniira igiiii
value aa atock tor oroailng with varie
ties commonly known.
One of the hardleat, If not the hard
loat, of out common strains, tho
Or' mm alfalfa rob.-.bly originated
th-our;h naiSiral hybridization of Medl
cago falcata and common alfalfa.
Qrimm alfalfa Is coming into very
wide use In the northweetera atatea.
The new alfalfas have 'not yet been
tested on the open range aa fully aa
under cultivation. Although the re
aulta to date Indicate their Inability to
maintain themselves except under
very favorable conditions, the testa
are nevertheless being continued with
the hope of .ultimate aucceaa In Im
proving the range.
The experta of the department do
not believe that thla yellow-flowered
alfalfa In tta anaelected atate la a crop
for the farmer to teat, even though
seed were available. Three main con
siderations show that It la not likely
to prove valuable under cultivation:
(1) Most of ita forpjto nrc not Bufflcl
ently orect to be ''aally harvi ed foi
hay; (2) It docs not rccovoi quickly
after cutting and cannotsLo expected
to give more than one cutting during
the aeaaon; (3) Ita aeed hablta are
nasally poor, the aeed being scantily
produeed aad shattering badly at ma
The department of agrloulture is
pashlng the work of selection by
hybridisation of the best forms of thla
speetee aa rapidly aa peealble, in the
hope that valuable dreught-realstant
aad cold-reewtant atraiaa may ulti
mately be established la eaeral use.
Feeding Sheep. I
Silage may be fed ta atom aheap eej
to fattening aheep but la eonaUeradj
luienor 10 rwjw tor ewn iwkuii i
ly lamb. Where a large flow ef
la especially deetrable, oata aad
and a little all steal will make a
lafactory grata mbrtare.
Oklahema Farmer'a Wife
Valuable j4Jnte
A Jaurnallet'a "Cepy."
The late Mr. Levy of the Dally Tela,
graph oace naked Bala U he had any
objection to his copy betas edited In
tho offloe. "Mr. Levy," he replied, "1
am like a butcher.' I eell you ao much
meat to me it la a matter of pro
found Indifference whether you servf.
it fried, boiled or roaated;" eellee
Uona of Mra. T. P. O'Ceaasr? .
I was Introduce by imrtteamf'.'rw
queat to Mrs. Wyntfuaa; Lwarw', a1 fret
ty little woman, a flirt and, at rnttta '
la.MtJ mlttmA with t-nlithi"'
,.j-w, h.-w- - ..,,-.--
aheald think unequalud qihi.
I eaa eeavey ao idea. Sin? t jI
"stleaf, raelanrhol';iieii
that I had noovUl of
have trouble eUrttag laeabater
aad aa I have had spteadld s'aeeesa f
taaught I would tell about theat
I have a ISO egg capacity Incuba
tor. I etarted It Feb. lat and hatched1
101 chlcka, which waa aearly all at
tho fertile eggs. Set It agate Marefcf
Id and hatched 106 which waa all but
11 of the fertile eggs.
I use a tireless brooder which l'
make myself out of a box about 18 la.
aquare and 8 la. deep. I cut a hole
I In. by a In. one aide at the bottom'
of the box. I drive nails Into the aides
about 2 or 3 in. from the top of the
box and make a frame of latha to alls'
Into the box. Tho nalla prevent thla
frame from slipping down too far. I
tack muslin onto the frame, pleated at'
the cornera ao It will aag dowa In the'
middle, then make I pada of mualla
with cotton Inatdo to fit tnaide the
top of box and use one, two or threer
aa the weather requires. 1 put flae'
litter In tho box to a depth of one'
Inch in tho middle aad deeper at the
aides. I take the little, chlcka right
out of the machine and put them la
this brooder Inside of a brooder coop
3x6 feet, with glaaa ea'the south 'ta
make It warm.
The first food I ,-lvb them la dry
bread crumbs rolled fine and mois
tened with sweet milk. I also give"
meet milk, wator and One grit I do"
nofwalt any certain length of time
to feed them but aa soon as thoy
begin to come out of the brooder box
lato the brooder coop aad begin to
pick, I put in water, writ, and milk
aad a very little of the berad crumbs,
about every two houra far the flrat
Week. -
At present I have between 176 aad;
180 fine chlcka, one-half of which will.
be ready, for tho market In, about'
three weeks, being now six weeka eld.
Mra. Wm. H. JoneaV
, Her One Condition.'
He Would you be satlefled to give'
up your preaent beautiful home and
live In a, Mile white cottage?
She I might, it there waa a little,"
red autqmoblle hitched In front of the'
door. Montreal Star.
Vary Strange
Tj'Tve . observed one.atraage thing,",'
seas the Philosopher or Folly, "amr.
ijlwt la that tho coming man la alwny
jsne'-who has got there."
atrfalry. .
. .flttr fdf I JthJ
.l.A i. ,"'W -ts f
j iy, -u,4.
v?"i Ar i&
' it'.
1 T

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