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County Pioneer Papcrjo goa. for Wa'.lowa County, made and Established in Ivt. Pub:Uhsi every ." OD jicnarr -Jx. la Inursda t The Enterprise Press, : oi, Esa:e and Guar- Office East aide Court Hmm;- R M-e Square. i. . " --.. YT.'T.r Entered in tae po....e i i - ; prise. Ors, ai seoni-ciass cia: SrSSCRIPTIOX RATES One year $1-j4 Three mair.iis 5X- COUNTY ADVERTS. N3 TATt. Coj;i S-ibscri'-e-s to th? Cci ja-r. loSir.s to eacn or fojr-twentieths mar iJa: "p. rito'-": belonging to all of said min year o sjch suM-.T-.pucras ;as.eors. o: in ana to uie iunu"j for less than ons year THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1903. GROUSE. Grouse, Feb. 13. Peter Fleker of .roy has sold out his entire stock of goods to T. H. Valen of this piace for the consideration of JoOOu iir. Fleker excepted his store house and sold his hail to Mr. Fieker. which is bejig prepared as rapid:.' as poible for a store room. Thi entire stock of goods will be movjd Into the new hou-se In a few days. The North End Telephone compac ts organized and the construction work will be started at once. The line is marked out and staked off ready for planting the poles frorr l-" ora by Troy to Grouse and Bart -ett. rs. Elizabeth Young of this place disd the 10:h Inst., and was buried a her brothers place, Mr. J. R- u . She was ill but a few days e o. her death was pneumonia, n. Yo.ng was 60 years old, leav- 1 ..hiliren to mourn her loss, t.o-at this place and two in North ri ina. She was a kind mother and a devoted christian. The be reave d ones have the sympathy of ' te entire community. NOTICE FOR PCBUCATIOX (Iso- lated Tract.) PUBLIC LAND SALE. Dipartment of the Interior. U.S. Land Office at La Grande, Ore goa. January 16. 1309. Notice is hereby given that, as di rected by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, under provis ions of Act of Congress approved June r:, 1906. (3-4 Stats., SIT), we will offer at public sale, to the high est bidder, a: ten o'clock a. re on the 9th day of March. 1909. a: this office, the following-described land: SEi4 NEh Se-tion 24. Township 1 South, Range 4, East Willamette Meridian. Serial No. 0SST. Any persons cltiaiing adversely the above-described land are advised to file their claims, or objections, on or before the time designated for aie. F. C. Bran? well. Register. 23i3 NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Department of the Interior. U. S. Land Office at La Grande, Or egon, January 11, 1903. Notice is hereby given that Albert L. Chllders, of Enterprise. Oregon. on October 16, 1902, made ii in ... tt- ! Homestead Entry, No. 12040. for W NE . N4 SEM, Section 1 - Township 1 North, Range 44 East, J Wlllimotto ro.i.-li, ,. ij I Ulamette Jlendlan. has filed no- j tice Of Intention to make Final Five 1 i ear iroof to establish claim to fha I Tl fl aKava itA,.lk..J 1 W. Sheahan, V. S. Commissioner, at his effice at Enterprise. Oregon, on the 20th day of Febraarr, 1909. . . claimant names as witnesses: Frank TV Heobo-r nt icim r ! rrans w. rieSKe.t. Of Wallowa, Ore- gon; David H. Hearing, of Wallowa . Oregon; Nicolas W. Ownbey, of En- terprise. Oregon: James W. Chllders. ' of Enterprise, Oregon. j F. C. Bramwell, Register, "Cartful Bankirf Insures the Sfty of uiposia." Ieposilors Have That tmarantee at WALLOWA NATIONAL BANK OF ENTEP.PP.ISE, OREGON CAPITAL IW.i" i SUP.PLL;? IxfJ-DO We Do a General Banking Business. Exchange Bought and Sold on Ail Principal Cities. Geo. W. Hvalt. Pmiilont Geo. tj. Craig. Vice President DtF F.i TORS ;GhACeio Geu. W.Hyatt Mattie a. Hoijus i. H. Dobeix W. R. HoutES ENTERPRISE MEAT MARKET BEST OF MEAT 5 ALWAYS OX HAND. Hishest Market Price for Hides and Pelts PHIfEdHOM PROPRIETORS NOTICE OF CUARDiAN-S SALE OF REAL PROPERTY. Notice is hereby given, ti under of - - -ks, 'undersized as foreign guardian of : minors was and is authorized. sed and dire -lei to sU " ( pr:va:? sale aU the interest o isuUi minors, the same being aa un- ! i-viied oaetwentieth Interest be iorited real property, to-wit: The SW o. Xffi, and XV I o: ,SU of Section 2!. the El: of SL I -a. of Section 30 and the E4 of N't ! i. and vwt of XE'u of Section 31. ixcept about 14S a.-res in a triangu ar shape in the southeast corner of the E4 of NE'- of said Sectior 21. conveyed by George B. Deste and wife to V. llllam L. Bishop b; deed recorded at pa?e 93, Book I of the Deed Ret-ord of v.a'lowa Con y. Oregon, and also one . a n-1- me acre tract near the sojtnwes .omer of said E4 of XEV of Sic .on 31. conveyed by the said Georgt 2. Dexter and wife to the directors of School District No. 16, In sail, ounry. by desd recorded at pag. Eook L of the Deed Record o .Vallowa County, Oregon, to whlci deeds and the record thereof re.'ei ;noe is hereby made for a more de: aite description of said excepte-. tracts. all situated and being li. Township 2 N., Range 43 East, W M.. in Wallowa county, Oregon, ani containing 2-. acres, more or less and subject to an unaligned dowe estate, to-s.it: An undivided one-hal interest for life, owned by .Mary E Maci. as widow of said Henry Mace deceased, and also subject to i mor'gae executed by the said Georg B. Denter and wife to the Orego: 3:ate Land Board to secure a loan oi J23i.0tj and interest, which mortgag is recorded at page o."i. Book I, of th Jlor'.gage Re-ord of said county, 1 wi.l, from and after the 2'Jti day of February, 19')S, proceed t. ieli a; private sale to the highes and best bidder for cash, all th rigtts. title and inverests of all o said minor wards in and to sail' described real property, together an in one sale, and subject to the ex ceptioas and incumbrances abov mentioned. Dated this the 2Cth day of January ISW'i. GEORGE C. 'V.'RIGHT, 2 .to Foriiga Guardian. RESTORATION TO ENTRY OF LANDS V Natuxtai Forwt. Noucc is hmvor F'f xrjtz vne ianii irr.od o?tiw. cmbracmc witmn tn Wiiuwa Nauooai Foren. On yt3C wiL oe uoject to e-Udmni nd ntry ur.ii. pron.Hiiu oi tr. honMtixcact laws of ti Untce: State mr.H the act oi Jun 11. 1S:. (: Sat.. !:lt. at tiv United State auid MF.ce a: I Grarjie on April 13. Any ettir woo w; actuali? anJ in mxxi faith Claiming any of sa anii for agricultural purpoaes prior id Januai I. ani oaa nor. abaiuionii aanw. haa a pre erence ncrht to Dixe a homestead entry for ti ionu.-i actually occupKd. Said kuuij were list upon the applicauonj of the persona mention oeiow. who cave a preference na-nt subject to ti pror ru;n: of any such pettier, provided sue settler or applicant is quaiitied to make honiedtea entry ar.d the preference nynt is exercised prec u April 13. lstfj. on which date the kir. t will t sunject tiN etlir:entar.d entry by any qualitie perscn. The lond are as follows: Lot 4. Sec. . Lots 1 and i See. 1 T. 4 N' R. tl Jt innhmin of j.jhn A. Itouii. of Promi.e. Oreiron. SEV. i S'1': S-!C- r- ''"-" NE- of SWt,. See. t i i 4 k. : t. application ot Joseph Kooinsoi at auiwa. emscon. Lot 4. Sec 4. Lot L Sec. of Pron-.we. Orejr:n. who aliened settiement i S0- FRED DENNETT. Commissioner of O Genera; Lard OSce. Approved January 26. L FMNK.PIERt:E' Flr" Aautant Secretary 2-11 4-. List t-U, 14. S Applications for Grazing Permits. Notice is hereby river, thit all appueaudea tc perraitj to imse eattse. horses, and sneep with ' - - - ..n.. ,..nu r wnoi nunc of u. nut be Aied ir my edice ?1i:,w'1- ron. on or before March L 1 F;ni imorrcauor m regard to the rrasine fees t '""wi'" (miuiii B maair appti-&uoiu wil. i furrsunerf apor. request. hakvey w. haKRIS. Supernts Smoke the Adver.iser and b happy. t WAT IliUl V J TIi i it i?nDrvr -i W. R. Holmes, Cashier Frank A. Tava, A-t. Casbier IKDEPEIDEIT PHOKE 20 Home Course In Modern Agriculture III. Preparing the Ground By C V. GREGORY. jKgric alt oral 2iVcn. Ictmo Stat Collect Cocnrrisjbt. 19CS. by American Press Association SINCE tbe condition of tbe aofl ; has so mnch to do with the readiness with which tbe plants ; can get food from it one of the ! moot Important problems that confront j the farmer Is the pner preparation ot , the ground. The Ci a -k of prepara tion usually consist of plowing. Plow- j lug tbe ground pulverizes it to some extent and buries the weeds and trash : that luay be on the surface. j Plowing should not le done when the i soli Is too wet. i r the first of these ; objects wii! c t 1 accomplished. In- stead of being pulverized, the Blice ; tunii-t! up by tbe piow will be packed i toi-Uier more firui'.y than ever and ! -Ul bai;e ib.o a Uafu clou. The rur-! row slice will also turn up cloddy If the soli is too dry. A good way to tell when a field Is In 1 proper condition to be plowed is to squeeze a ball of tbe dirt in your hand. ; If it sticks together In a pasty mass you had better let It dry a few days longer. If it hangs looseiy together iu a mealy ball tbe plow can be set to work at once. Such soil will fall over the edge of tbe moldboard in loose, crumbly masses. Tbe field will not ridded like a washboard, as too many fields are. bnt will aptly demonstrate the truth of the old sayinc that "a field well plowed is half harrowed." In ordr to do a neat job of plowing a colter and a weed hook are necesstt- no. v a Gaxa flow at wore. ry attachments. Ey using them all the trash can be turned under completely. This not only hastens tne decay of such matter, but also adds greatly to the looks of the field. Too many farm ers do not pay enough attention to looks. A ragged looking field may raise Just as large a crop as a smooth one. It Is true, but the farmer who is careless In his plowing Is likely to be careless In everything else. If the plowing is done In the fall It does not matter so much whether It turns up cloddy or not. The hard freezes of winter are the best pulver izers tbat ever tore a clod to pieces. This is one of the advantages of fall plowing. One cf the disadvantages Is that In an open winter the soil Is lia ble to wash badly. This can be pre vented to some extent however, by planting a catch crop, such as oats or millet, on the field after plowing. The depth of plowing will vary with the conditions. A light, sandy soil does not need to be plowed as deeply is a heavier one. If the ground is plowed the same depth every year the bottom of the furrow will become hard d the roots will have difficulty la retting through it readily. A good plan j to begin at. say four Inches, and ilow one-half Inch deeper each year intil a depth of seven or eight Inches is readied. Then go back to four nebes and begin over again. In this ay a Uttle new soil Is turned up very senson and the layer of surface foil rraduilly deepened. Spring plowing should be shallower han that done In the fall. The soil is ul! of tlry pores. Its structure being nuch the same as that of light bread, if you will put one corner of a slice t bread In a dish of water you v.-lil wtlce that it becomes wet fir o con siderable distance above the surface jf the water. This is caused by the moisture flowing upward through the Uttle holes In the bread. The force that causes water to rise In a small tube is called capillarity. It is this .aplllarity that makes the water rise roin the subsoil up to the surface where the roots can use it The imalier the capillary tubes the faster ind higher the water will rise. When the ground is plowed these apiliary tubes are broken up. and the ise of water Is checked. To start It igain the son must be allowed to settle 'or a long time or else be worked down 1th the disk, harrow or roller. In the ."all the depth of plowing does not mat er, since the furrow slice will have all -inter In which to settle. But In the prtng this capillarity must be restored ilmost at once or the surface layer will bei-ome so dry that germination and later growth win be checked. Hence the Importance of shallow plow ing, so as to reduce th labor of disk ing and harrowing. If the surface of "-be ground Is crusted or If there Is nuch trash to be turned under the ield should be disked before It is plowed. This will provide for a layer rf fine dirt In the bottom of the fur row, which wUl pack down closely nd help to restore capUlariry. If the furrow turns up "shiny" or hows any tendency to bake Into clods should be harrowed every half day. ery day ct least This seems Kke 1 P1 ot extr work- but If a 3rrow Is kept tn the fieid It does not -ake kmg to-httch on to It and go over '& newly plowed strip just before nrttCng for boob or night A few lrinntes spent tn harrowing at suck i i times will pulverize tbe ground more than hours of work after it has be come-dry and baked. The fall plowing will usually need to be gone over with the disk to get it In shape for planting. The superior con dition obtained by donble disking that is. letting the disk -lap half" will more than pay for the extra labor. There is an additional advantage In that the surface Is left sniioth. Irtsk tn; spring plowing Is seldom neces sary. In ca.es where Improper plowing has left a field cloddy the roller may often be U-ed to advantasr. A corrugated roller is better for this purpose than a smooth one. as It tends to crush the clods rather than to simply push them dawn Into the finer dirt. A b'Uiie made "planker" or clod crusher will often answer the purpose as well as a roller. The roller packs the grrmnd consid erably and so quickens tbe ccplllary rise of water. If the surface I left smooth much of the moisture that comes up will be lst by evaporation, and later in the season the cnip wi'.l be likely to suffer from drought. To avoid this the roller should be follow ed immediately by the harrow. This loosens a thin layer of surface soil. When the capillary water reach es this loose layer Its rise is checked, and comparatively little is lost by evap oration. For this same reason it is often well to harrow fall plowing ns soon as It Is dry enough in the spring, especially If disking is not to be done until late. After the ground Is plowed and disk ed the harrow must be used to com plete the preparation for planting. There are many kinds of harrows, but none that are better than the ordinary spike tooth. These are made in aU styles and sizes. The harrow is eco nomical to use. since It pets over gronnd so rapidly. The best time to harrow in order to pulverize the soil is immediately after a light shower. The little clods will then be softened and will be easily knocked to pieces. To kill weeds, however, it Is better to wait until the soil Is a little drier, as bar-! rowing a wet field will transplant the weeds rather than destroy them. Do not be afraid to harrow too much. No work tbat you can put on a field pays better. No other implement will klU as many weeds hi so short a tfcie. and no other machine will tear clods to pieces so rapidly. A field well plowed and disked and harrowed until It Is in as fine tilth as It is possible to make It is nn Ideal seed bed. Seed planted la such a soil will start under the most favorable conditions. If the seed Itself Is strong and the after treatment what It should be, a maximum crop mny be expected. Not all fields need to be plowed be fore the crop is put in. It Is a general practice in the corn belt to sow small grain on stalk fields without any pre vious preparation. Experiments hare shown that small grain does not yield enough more on piowed corn stalk ground to pay tie cost of plowing. Terr frequently they do not yield as much. 'Where small grain follows smell grain, however, plowing is nec essary to kill weeds and loosen tbe surface soil. It dues not need to be loosened as deeply as for corn, how-ev-. since the small grain plants are hardier than corn and tbe roots are more aggressive In pushing through a hard soil. While plowing stalk ground Is un necessary. It will usually be found profitable to disk tbe land before seed in This chops up tbe cornstalks and provides a mellow layer of soil for tbe seed to germinate in. Where tbe oats are to be put in with a drill the ground should be double disked previously. If sown broadcast no. n fbzpabtso the osonn with a uiaa FMIW. one disking before sowing and one afterward will cover them better than two after sowing. The drill is becom ing more popular for sowing onts. and Justlr so. It places tbe seed at an eTen depth and covers them all. It saves seed because It places all of It where tt has an opportunity to grow. After the oats are drilled or disked In at least two harro wings should be ien. Even three or four would not be too many, since this Is the last chance to cultivate the crop. In some pnrts of the corn belt the practice of listing corn is followed. This consists In throwing np a large furrow and planting the corn In the bottom of ft. In this case there can be Uttle previous preparation of tbe ground unless tt Is to go over It once with the disk. Corn Is listed only on Tery light soils, which do not puddle or become cioddr easily. Such soils need less preparation umji the heavier clays and loams. NOTICE OF GUARDIAN t SALE OF REAL PROPERTY. In the County Court of Ue Stat, of Oregon, for Wallowa County. Notice is hereby given that by vir tue of aa order of the abovenUUed Court, made and antered on U dav of January. 1909, licensing, au thorizing and empowering the under signed guardian of the estate of Beu lah Bunnell and Irene Bunnell, min ors, to sell all of the Interest oi u said minors In and to the E H of the NW hi and the W H of the NE of Section 35 in Township 1 North ox Range 44 E. W. M. in Wallowa toanty, Oregon, the same e'n undivided one-third interest, I will from and after the 26th day of March. If09. proceed to sell at prlva'e sale aU of ttte interest of said min ors in and to the said described real property. The terms of said sale are as "follows: the entire purchase price is to be pali In cash. Dated this 20th day of February. I 1909. MINNIE AKINS, Guardian. 1 First insertion February 23th, 1909; ilast March 23th, 1909. BURLEIGH t BOYD. Attorneys lor Guardian. 27ta Lame Shoulder. tm is a common form of muscu lar rheumatism. No Internal treat ment is needed. Apply Chamber lains Liniment freely three times a day and a quik cure is certain. This liniment has proven especially laluable for muscular and chronic rheumatism. Sold by Burnaugh t 'Mavfield SECOND-HAND STORE RODGERS Dtalers new and eecond-har.tl good. Bicycles and Bicycle Supplies. Bicycle and Gun Repair Shop. Furniture made or Repaired, Screen Doors and Windows made to order. Give ns a trial. Our prices are right atd all work guarantef-d. Have The Best and only complete line of Hardware in the County Call and inspect our goods and compare ourprices with others. S. D. KELTNER, THE HARDWARE DEALER. MILLIONS OF AT LOWEST RATES. ON EASIEST TERMS. Wm. Miller & Brother, SUITE 204, Wallowa National BanK Building', Enterprise, Oregon. General Blacksmithing jfcorsesAoetny a Specialty It yu wieb to buy a llack. Buggy, Piow or Haiti.w ir-n.t-mie handle a complete slock in thi.- tine and you will xavem m-y by purchasing i.f me S. E. Combes, Enterprise, Oregon. Did It Ever Occur To You That A Telephone in Your Home Provides safety, convenience, economv and pleasure, and makes your home life com plete? Its cost is little, its benefits are manifold. Home Independent Telephone Co Covering Union and Wallowa Counties I MAIL AND PASSENGER STAGE LINE Wal!S5!n PPleton. Flora to Paradise, MONDAY, WEDNESDAYS and FRIDAYS; and fm Pdlse' Fl0"au Appletonti Wallowa. TLEsDAYS, THURSDAYS and SATURDAYS. Goodtioncru. treatment and readable rates. E W. SOUTHWICK, Proprietor. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE, la th County Court of tha Stata Oregon, f or Wallowa County. In th Matter of the Estate ot Martha J. Brown, Deceased. Notice is hereby given, that the un dersigned, the administrator of th estate of Martha J. Brown, deceased, has filed bis final account of bis administration of the aald estate with the Clerk of the County Court in and for said County of Wallowa. and that the County Court of said Wallowa County, by order duly made I and entered, has fixed Friday, I March 12th. 1909, at the hour of ten o'clock In the forenoon of aald day, , as the time, and the County Court 'room in the County Court House hi '' the City of Enterprise, In said coun- ty. as the plai-e. to bear objections ! to said final account and settle the !same. All parties interested in said ; estate having objections thereto, if I any there be. are notified to pre sent the same. In writing, at said jtime and place. Datad this 9th day of March, 1909, I J. A. BURLEIGH, ! Administrator of the Estate of i Martha J. Brown, Deceased. 2at5 GAME LAWS. ! Any person knowing oT any viola ! tion of the game or fish laws of th 1 Btate. or of persons not proper!' ; keeping screens over IrrigatlD ditches, are reques'ed to notify JOE CLEUOX3. Deputy State Game and Forr Warden. Zumwalt, Oregon U'f Read the advertisements. BROS - . Proprietors 3!