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County Pioneer Paper
Established in J8S4. Published every m.'MUav bv The Enterprise Press. OKice 'East eide Coart House Square. Eutered in the postoffiie at Enter prise, Ore., as second-class matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One vear 1.50 Thrae mo.itas lnvarial-lv in Advance. THURSDAY, MAY 13, 1"9- FARMERS , UNION GROWS RAPIDLY ,iw fa-ner' organization. The , . i-. e.s' E.'.uc ;tionai and Ci Ji:ai.e X'niou. is making a strong j ill for public favor aad is having a : wonderful growth wherever locals are started. Three or four wi'.l bo ' r cinized soon in Union county. j i e s rong lo.als have be?n organ ized in the Twin Fails district. At St. Johns. Wash., they w:'.. b i.d a wareho-.se: and an orgauis .r .a.s of the St. Johns kval: "Tit-? Vnion' has had a marvelous grow;':.. 1- e lie can a year aso wi:h nine char ier members and to.!ay have 1-" of Uie best t urine s in the organization The union has saved us much nuavj j wool, post? nnd fue'.." The Pa'ouse, Wash., farmers' ur.ior. '"is accepted the bid of the ISeemis company o' Omaha for sacks i;: carioad lots. The price is not ma.lf -. but it Is understood to uJ much lower than in the past. Th union has se -ured the two inlami warehouses there Used by the Multitude. Levy's Oregon Grape Compour.d. For general spring tonic. Sold and guaranteed by Bumaugh & Mayfield, ? c ; r HELP WINS EVERY TIME. From Pen.11e-.on E. O. i :e.o tel that farmers along e o ta? proposad electric from Orezoa City to Mo ' e subscrihej about JTr.ooo o li..t enterp.ise. which v.ill go f.ir toward insuring i:s success. This i; Ihe way for famer;, dairymen and fruit raisers, in ma.iy such localities, to help themselves, to increase great ly the value o; their property and render their labor more profitable and their lives easi-jr. Kills t3 Stop the Fiend. The worst foe for 12 years of John Deye. of G.adwin. .Mich., was a run ning ulcer. He paid doctors over $400.00 without bene.ii. Thea Buck len's Arnica Sa!ve killed the ulcer and cured him. Cures Fever Sores, Boils, Felons, Eczema. Salt Rheum, Cits. Corns. 23c at Bumaugh & May. fieid's. NOTICE FOU PUBLICATION. Department o: the Interior. Uiii-ed States Land Office at La Grantie. Ore?o.i. May C. lrtny. Notice is hereby given that John F. .McCoy, of Ininaha, Oregon, who. on May 8. 1902. made Homestead Entry No. lliJGO-ae.U No. 0M3!. for Lot 2. SE!4 XV.,. andSU NE't. Sac Uon 10, Township 2 North, Range iS East, Willamet.e Merioian. has filed notice of intention to malte Final five year P:oof. to establish claim to the land above described, before D. W. Sheahan, L. S. Commissioner, at En Sheahan, V. S. Commissioner, at En tcrpries, Oregon, on the 21st. dav of June, 1909. Claimant name; as witnesses: Gil bert H. Ve3t o; En.e.-priss. Oregon; Jonathan Haa, of Eaterrrisa, Oregon Luther Stumbaugh o: Imnaha. Ors gon; Jasper N. Stuhblefield, of Im naha, Oregon. 3"c3 F. C. Bramweil, Register. Information Con.ernlna Eighth Grade Final Examinations. 1. Dates: Three examinations a.inually. Each county superintendent to select months for his county. (a) January 21-22, 1909. (b) .May 1.1-14. 1309. c) June 10-11. 1003. (d) September 2-3, 1909. 2. Program : (a) Thursdays Arithmetic, Writ ing, History, and Civil Government. "Careful Bankmg Insures the Safety of Deposits." Depositors lihvt- That ( lUitmntee ut WALLOWA NATIONAL BANK of K.vrnuiT.isi-:, OUEGOX CAPITAL fWOO SUKPLl S5 130.000 We Do a General Banking Business. Exchange Bought and Sold on All Principal Cities. Geo W. Hyatt, Prwident W. R. Holmes, Cashier Geo. b. Craig, Vice President Frank A. Iteavis, Atwt. Cashier MKKCTOKS Geo.B. Cbaio Gko. V. Hyatt Mattie A. Holmes J. H. Dobbin W. R. Holmes (b) Fridays Grammar, Physiol ogy, Geography, and Spelling. 3. Sources of Questions: va) Civil Government United States Constitution. (b) Geography State Course of Study: Redway and Hlnman's Natural School Geography. (ci History List of topics front History Outline in State Course of Study and Current Events. (d i Language BuehJer a Modern English Grammar, no diagram niing. i.e) Reading The teacher -will send to the County Superintend ent the applicant's class standing in reading, which shall be taken by such superintendent as the ap plicant s standing on the subject. (f) Spelling Eighty per cent from Re.'d's Word Lessons, and twenty p r cent, from manuscript in I-anguage. (gt Writing specimens OI pvu j mauship as indicated in copied ; matter and from manuscript in ; Languaee. Respectfully submitted. J. H. ACKERMAX. Supt. Tublic Instruction, j. C. CONLEY. Supt. of Schoo's. Nctice of Examination. No ii e is hereby given that the . regular eighth grade examination will j be held May 1314 in the several: ;chool districts. I Teachers pre;arlng classes for this J examination will report number and j names of applicants to this office : at once. Re ;pe tfully J. C. COXLEY. Cojn-y Superintendent. S. 4 NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT ; OF ESTATE. In the Countv Court of the State of Oregon, for Wallowa County. In the mat'er of the Estate of Olof Ceder'.vul, Deceased. Notice is hereby given, that the un-L'.e.si-med Admi i orator of the es-ta-e of Olof Cederlund, Deceased, has filed his final account of the admin- U-ratinn o said estate with the j cierk of the County Court of Wal- j iowa Countv. Oregon, and said Court , has li ed Sati:r"a.-, May 8, 1909, at .he l.o .r of 10 o'clock a. m., of said day, at the Court House, at Enter prise, Wailjwa County, Oregon, as the time and place of hearing objec tions to said account and the settle ment of the saire. AU rersons ha'ing objections there i to are no ified to file the same in writing cn or te.'ore said day, with the Cierk of said Court. LOUIS OLSEX. Admir.iitra'or of the Estate of Olof Cederlund, De.eised. BURLEIGH & BOYD, Attorneys for the Estate. . 33ca ESTRAY NOTICE. I. the undersigned, have this day taken up one red cow, about 4 years old. described as follows: Swallow fork in right ear, under half crop or slope in left ear, branded on right leg with a lazy M;a!so her red heif 'er caif without any visible mark or brand. On my place on Alder Slope known as the A. C Smith nlape la. ter as the Fred Shafer place. April 0. lOOtf. W. W. HARRIS. 33c4 HIDES AND PELTS WANTED. Bring yojr hides and pelts to En terprise and ie:eive big price for them. Joe Allen & Co. Warehouse west of Bosweli's barn. ctf V'TZ- PRISE OPERA HOUSE Watch for Next Announcement H ome course fin Modern Agriculture IX. Weeds and How to Combat Them By C V. GREGORY. Agricultural Tixiion. Jotva Stat Colttg Copyright. 1009. by Ajnrriean Prn Association r N attempting to produce larre crops the farmer Duds that he has many enemies working j against him. Among the wont of these are weeds. One of the great est problems that confront the farm er is that of keeping bis cto free irum iub Aiier u ueiu una been so handled and prepared that a "" " uie juriu, wuu im-ni.v ui uioisiurr it dissolve It. it is oor ixilley to allow weeds to K''U-e this food aud moisture and coii vert them into a worthless product. Weeds may be divided iuto three general classes annuals, biennials and l ...-ii... nutttint KcCua a. c -r - gated entirely by seeds and live but cue year. An exception to this is found in the winter annuals, which come up In the fall, lire through the J winter as small plants and produce seed the following spring, j Among the most troublesome annual weeds are the foxtails. These are i grasslike plants that are too common ! to need any special description. The fact that makes them difficult to FIQ. XVTI A BUSS IAS THISTLE, combat is their great seed producing capacity. It is not difficult to kill one formnl nlant. hut no snnnpr la flint done than another Bnrlugs ui to take jta paCe. Early fall plowing gets rid of mr.ny of these weeds by turning them un der before the seed is ripe. Some of the seed which is ripe will grow up, and the plants will be killed by the first freezes of whiter. If the field is harrowed early in the spring many of the remaining seed can be induced to start The more weeds that come up nt this time the better, since they will be killed in the subsequent prepara tion of the land for planting. There is no better implement for killing weeds before corn comes up than the harrow. Ban-owing is a cheap operation, since so many acres can be gone over In a day. The more times a cornfield can be gone over with the harrow before the corn comes up the better. In harrowing to kill weeds care should be taken not to do ! the work when the weather Is cloudy or the ground too wet, or the weeds will be transplanted rather than killed. In regard to the value of harrowing growing corn opinions differ greatly. It is almost impossible, however, to harrow corn without destroying some of it It is a waste of time to test the seed and planter with the idea of getting a good stand and then barrow part of It out Unless the weeds are very bad the barrow bad better be put away in the machine shed ns soon as the corn begins to appear above the surface of the ground. Thorough cultivation from the time the corn Is two or three inches high until it Is ready to "lay by" will do ; much to keep the weeds In check. The I deep early cultivations will bring up , the seeds that have byen lying dor mant at the bottom of the furrow ' slice. These will germinate and be ; killed by the later cultivations. Fox ' tall may grow up and go to seed after . the crop gets too lante to cultivate. It Is often a good plan to sow rape In corn at the last cultivation. This will ; come up quickly and Rhnde the ground ' so completely that It will prevent the growth of annual weeds almost en tirely. Annual weeds seldom do much dam age in small grain. If the grain is drilled in on a properly prepared seed i bed It will get such a start that most ' of the weeds will be smothered out ' and die for lack of plant food and ' light One annual that is sometimes troublesome in gralnfields is mustard. Since this weed Is easily killed by cultivation it seldom goes to seed In cornfields. Consequently when ' small grain follows corn there is little mustard seed in the soli except that which Is sown with the oats. There Is another annual, or rather winter annual, that Is much harder to , eradiate than those mentioned so far. , This is squirreltall grass, so called be cause of its fuzzy beads. The seeds : are very ll-ht and are attached to : Ions beards, which cause them to be ; carried for considerable distances by j the wind. Squirreltall grass Is not troublesome j in cultivated fields, bat often ln : fests meadows and pastures to such j nn extent as to make them almost worthless. Mowing as soon as the 80 11 W5 1 bends nppenr will not kill the plant, but if kept up throughout the season will prevent it from producing need. In bad cases nliout the only remedy is to plow no the field and put it in to some cultivated crop. Where a reiru-; lur rotation -which includes the me:id- j ows and pastures is followed this era cuu oe renui v kcih hi cukx point that must be carefully attended ... . ..... .,'..,. iu iu rr vuituj; lutf Bjrt-iiu in iuis well as of any other weed is to keep the roadsides nud fence corners from raising weed seed enough eavh year to keep the eutire farm seeded. Another troublesome annual in some sections of the country Is the Russian thistle, a form of tumbleweed. By rolling across the fields after it ripens It scatters its numerous seeds very widely. Those weeds are usually not below its average level. The great so plentiful but that they can be easily j electric companies which have har destroyed by pulling before they form j ne3sed Niagara on the American side seed. By doing this they nicy 1k kept j Ihejam with dynamite in an from becoming thick enough to do nuy i , . run. serious damage. - attempt to keep enough water run- Biennial weeds live through the first winter and produce seed the second year of their life. They die ns soon ns the seed is rljie. The common bull nud I prairie thistle nud burdock are con- splcuous examples of this class of weeds. Biennials are not difficult to subdue. In cultivated fields they sol- J dom live long enough to produce seed. They seed so late that they hardly ever ripen seed iu meadows. In jht manent pastures they may be con trolled by cutting off below the sur face of the ground Just nt the begin ning of blossoming time. Sheep and goats will rid a pnsture of these and all other troublesome weeds. The hardest class of weeds to com bat are the perennials. These du not depend entirely upon seed production to spread themselves, but are propa gated by means of underground stems. These stems extend along be neath the surface of the ground, send ing up stalks at short distances. They live In the soil from yenr to year, send ing up fresh shoots every spring. Some of the most common nud trou- ! blesome ncrcnnlals are the Canada thistle, morning glory, wild artichoke, milkweed and quack grass. These weeds are found on all parts of the farm in cultivated fields, in small grain and in meadows and pastures. The only way to kill them is to de stroy the roots or starve them by pre venting leaf growth. This Is much more easily snld than done. Where the weeds occur only in small patches the desired result may be accomplished by covering them with a thick layer i of straw. In a dry season thorough j cultivation will discourage them. I though it will seldom exterminate 1 them entirely. When the ground Is j wet cultivation will do more to spread I pereuulul weeds than to kill them. The pieces of the underground stems j which stick -to the shovels will grow , wherever they happen to fall and thus j start a new center of trouble. I Of all the means of getting rid of perennial weeds that hnve been tried none is so effective as turning the field into a hog pasture. If the fields are fenced hog tiht nnd the rotation in cludes the hog pasture the hogs will get a change nt all parts of the farm no. xviii qcACK giiass. every four years or so. They nre very fond of the roots nnd stems of peren nial weeds, especially those of quack grass and uioruing glory, and they will continue to root until the last piece Is brought to light and eaten. Where nil the fields are not fenced tit fr!,l a . ." i:uiuinrjr ru may oe used. This can lie moved about over ! the patches of quack grass and morn-1 lng glory until th"y are destroyed. The weed problem Is not nearly so ! difficult ns many people believe. The j remedy for weeds Is good farming, j and when good farming becomes the ! rule weeds will largely disappear. In I a way weeds are more of a benefit tuuu nu utjuij. n ii were not lor them we would often be tempted to let the coreaeld go a few days longer before cultivating snd thus fail to get as large a crop as we might otherwise have dope. It Is the cultivation that the presence of the weeds forces upon ns that makes plant food available and prevents the escape of capillary mo'iture and so enables the plants to pm their best efforts Into producing a maximum yield. lifil Chamberlain's Liniment This is a new preparation and a good one. It U especially a cure for chronic and muscular rheu ,a ism. and for the rel.ef from pain j which it af:ords la acute . ,i,fl,imaasm Those who ae lusVd it have invariably spoken of U tatne highest terms of prsis. , i,b iam. shoulder and stiff nee tare 'due to rheumatism of the us , ... .oii hrmicht on by exposure i .m nr damn and are quickly I cared bv applying this liniment freely i and nlinf the aneciea ! muscles whether of the muscles, ! indurei by violent exercise or injury. is allayed by this liniment, for ,v Bu:naugh & Xiayfield. Dynamiting Niagara Falls. (Popular Mechanics.) rr tho first time in modern his- torv lue power of Niagara has been effectuaiy checked, at least on the American si '.e. this remarkable con , . thlnr more jd'ciou being caused by nothing more ,mr iu than its own frozen water. - J Pedestrians were able to cross at me j point where the jam started, as well ! a4 oa t)ie very crest of the falls and ajonK tne riJge 0 ire In the gorge . under polnt wnere the t ' q,hiit turn- eat volnme of , bles. Dmine tne P6" ot y . ! the water in the gorge was 40 feet 'B t proviue taeui u ei power. . ,., .ntio,, ond loss , ." , . . n r.rnne f tak" V'7." 0reg" Compound. Sold and guaranteed Dy Bumaugh & Mayfield, Enterprise. Oregon. STALLION BOOKS. Indispensable records for owners of stallions, description of mares, dates o ser Ice, time of payments t . all ne esasry data, printed on cood naner and strongly bound in I boards with cloth back, for sale at i this ofiice, or sent postage prepaid ion receipt of pilve, fl. WALLOWA BRANCH TIMETABLE. East oiu.d Westbound I 'Is an e from am. I a Grande Stations p.m. a 43 Lv 0 La Grande 2:10 Arrv. t:5) " 2.5 Island City 1:6S Lv. 10 10 8.3 Alel 1:40 " !0 10 - 12.3 Imbler 1:25 " 10 30 " 20.9 Elgin 1:00 " p.m 11:J5 M 33.2 Pa'mor Jet 11:35 " l!::0 - 33.7 Looking Glass 11:30 " p.m. 12:15 " 47.1 Mlnnm 10:30 " 2:00 " 60.0 Wa'lowa 9:00 " 2 4: - 67.8 Lostine 8:15 3:43 78.0 Enterprise 7:30 " 4:45 Arr 83.8 Joseph 7:15 " p.m. a.m. ALL THE DAILY PAPERS, MAGAZINES AND THE National Weeklies at Coleman Brothers The Best Cigars, Confec tionery and Fruit. Stationery Supplies of all kinds. First door east of Postoffice. Summer Rates East During the Season 19 0 9 via the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Co- OREGON SHORT LINE AND UNION PACIFC RAILROAD from Portland, Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Walla Walla and all points on The 0. R. & N. line To OMAHA and Return - - $60.00 To KANSAS City and Return $60.00 To ST. LOUIS and Return - $67.50 To CHICAGO and Return - $72 50 and to other principal cities in the East, Middle West and South. Correspondingly low fares. On Sale June 2, 3; July 2, 3; August 11, 12 To DENVER and Return . . $55.00 On Sale May 17, July 1, August 11 Going transit limit 10 days from date of .ale. final return limit October 31st. These tickets present some very attracUve features to the way of stopover privileges, ald choice of routes. thereb enabi- ing passengers to make side tripe to many interesting points en route. . Routing on the return trip through California may be ''had a saght advance over the rates quoted ,..F,!,U,IartlCUla, 8leeplng car reservations " eta will bs furnished by any O. R. & N. local agent, or WM. McMURRAY, General Passanr Agent, Portland, Oregon. J. G. HARMAN, Agent, Enterprise, Oregon. ' lod;e directory. In ft C ENTERPRISE LODGE, N, , U. Ul.lM. KMERAL.D REBEKAU liUUQS, NO. 11 K. orP. ENTERPRISE LODGE, 14. Xe JU ANITA Sisters, TEMPLE, Km 1. Pytttm MlOniiin enterprise chapter. Ji1AuUNIU.no. SO. Royal Arch Masons, meet first and third Tuesdays of each month In Masonlo Hall. All Ylsltlna Royal Arch Masons welcomed. J. B. OLMSTED, High Priest. ' IX W. 8HEAHAN, Secretary. WALLOWA LODGE. No, M. A. F. A. M., meets second and fourth Satur. days of each month In Masoalo UaQ. Vlaltlnc Masons welcomed J. A. BURLEIGH. W. M. W C BOATMAN. Secretary. WALLOWA VALLEY CHAPTER, No SO, O. E. S. meets first and third (Sat urdays of each month. In Masonic Hal Visiting- Stan are always welcomed. MRS. ELVA L. FRENCH. W M. MRS. MARY E. STEEL, See. Mill EAGLE CAMP. No, 10497. M . II . .M . W. A Meets flrt and thin. Thursdays In each month. In new Fra ternal hall Visiting Neighbors alway welcome. J. W. RODGERS ConsuL T. M. DILL. Clerk. ANEROID CAMP. No. 1542, R N. of A. "' fl Ul ENTEHI RISE 'MP. N" t't.U.ll. Mi, W. rf W. LMOTA 01KC1.F. No. 278. W. of W. S. K. Clark Plumber Steal Fitter Full line of plumbing i atcriaL Satisfaclion Guaranteed Shop at Keltner's Hardware Store Leave Orders. Won't Blight a Good Friend. "If ever I neei a cough medicine again I know what to get," declares Mrs. A. U Alley, of Beais. Me, tor after using ten bottles of Dr. King's New Discovery, and seeing Its excel lent results in my own family and others, I am convinced it Is the best medicine made for Coughs, Colds,' and lung trouble." Every one who tries it feels Just that way. Relief U felt at once and Its quick enre sur prises you. For Bronchitis, ABthnja, Hemorrhage, Croup, LaGrippe, Sort Throat, pain In the chest or lungs lti supreme. 60c and $1.00. Trial bot tle free. Guaranteed by Bumaugh ft Mayfield. Miss Gertrude Dudley, director of woman's athletics, of the University of Chicago has declared big hats and pompadours unhygienic. To be up to date woman must be athletic. How will she manage it? Biliousness and Constipation. For years I was troubled with biliousness and constipation, which made life miserable for me. My appe tite failed me. I lost my usual force and vitality. Pepsin preparations and cathartics only made matters worse. I do not know where I should have been today had I not tried Chamber lain's Stomach and liver Tablets. The Tablets relieved the 111 feeling once, strengthened the digestive functions, purified the stomach.Uver and blood, helping the system to do Its work naturally. Mrs. Rosa Potts, Birmingham, Ala. These tablets are for sale by Bumaugh and Mayfield.