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Wallowa County chieftain. [volume] (Enterprise, Or.) 1909-1911, December 02, 1909, Image 4

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Sfaltoira (County Chieftain
County Pioneer Paper
Established In J8S4. Published every
Thursday bv The Enterprise Press.
Office East side Court House
Entered in the postoffice at Enter
prise. Ore., as seeond-class matter
One year SI so Three months 50c.
Invariably in Advance.
A Royal Romance
The second son of Prince Oscar II.
fell In love with a Miss Ebba Munck
while at Bournemouth. She was one
of the ladies in waitiug to the Swedish
crown princess, and Kins Oscar wished
bis son to make an alliance with one
of the royal houses of Europe. The
difficulty seemed one to be met only
by drastic steps on the part of the
lovers, but Queen Sophie's heart was
won, and she It was who obtained the
king's consent. She was very ill, and
a dangerous operation was the only
chance of saving her life. "If I under
go It and It Is successful, will you al
low Oscar and Ebba to be married?"
he asked the king, and of course the
king promised. A year later the queen
was quite well again. The lovers were
In her room when the king approached.
At the door be stood and listened.
Miss Munck was singing to the queen,
and he waited until it was over. Then
be advanced, held cut one h ind to his
son and gave bis other to Miss Munck.
and so his pledge was fulfilled and the
couple came Into their happiness.
A Narrow Escape.
An old circus man tells this incident
as one of the narrow escapes he had
In the show business. He had trained
lions, cebras, leopards, rhino you
know and all sorts of beasts of prey,
but this, be says, was his narrowest
escape. It was when he was running
a dime museum in Milwaukee.
One day a mild mannered Russian
came out of the railway station with
a valise in his band. He was a heavily
bearded man and with shaggy hands
and arms like George Esau. He hunt
ed up a cabman and Inquired modest
ly, "Where Is the dime museum?"
The cabman told him and then asked,
"Want to rule up?'
"Yes," the bearded stranger told him
quietly, almost bashfully. "I'm to be
employed up there. I'm the wild man."
"The narrow escape," says the es
clrcus man, "lay in the fact that no
newspaper man heard the man's re
mark and that the cabman was au
Englishman, with no sense of humor,
who never thought to repeat it," Ex
change. Vary Likely.
Mamma's Darling Say, pop, I'll be
glad when I get old enough to do as I
Henpecked Husband-When you reach
that age you'll likely be foolish enough
to get married. So what good will It
do you? Judge.
leprosy Is the only exclusively hu
man germ disease. It Is Impossible to
give It to any otbpr animal.
National Sewing Machine. Co.
Belvidere. III.
F-JTg by buying this
PrnJifyW reliable, honest,
I u lvii Wgh Brade cw
ing machine.
Kasparilla is the name of a new remedy
most successfully prescribed for a ' world
of troubles.' For derangements of tht
digestive organs it is a natural corrective
eperating directly upon the liver and ali
mentary canal, gently but persistently
stiuiulatmg a healthy activity. Its bene
ficial influence extends, however, to every
portion of the system, aiding in the
processes of digestion and assimilation of
food, promoting a wholesome, natural
appetite, correcting sour stomach, bad
breath, irregularities of the bowels, con
stipation and the long list of troubles
directlv traceable to those unwholesome
conditions. Kasparilla dispels drowsi
ness, headache, backache and despond
ency due to inactivity of the liver,
kidneys and digestive tract. It is a'
Strengthening tonic of the highest value
If it fails to satisfy we authorize all
dealers to refund the purchase price.
Hoyt Chkmicai, Co. Portland, Oregon
For Sale By
j The Conquest
Copyright. 1909. by (be New York
Herald Company. Registered In
Canada In Accordance With Copy,
rijht Act. Copyright In Meg.
ico Under La, we oi the Republic
ol Mexico. All Rights Reserved
EARLY In January of 1908 the
campaign opened. A few sleds
were sent to the American
Rliores to explore a route and
to advance supplies.
Clouds and storms made the moon
light days dark, and therefore these
advance exiedltious were only partly
On Feb. 19. 190S. the main expedi
tion started for the pole. Eleven men.
driving 103 dogs nud moving 11 heav
ily loaded sleds, left the Greenland
shore and pushed westward over the
troublesome Ice of Smith sound to
Cape Sabine.
The pim of the long winter night
was but little relieved by a few hours
of daylight, and the temperature was
very low.
Eighty-three Degrees Below.
Tasslng through a valley between
EUesmere I-aud and Urlnnell Land
from the head of Flagler bay. In cross
ing to the Parlllc slopes, the tempera
ture fell to S3 degrees F. below zero.
In HaJ fiord many musk oxen were
secured, and, though th winter frost
was at Its lowest, there was little wind,
and with an abundance of fresh meat
and also fat for fuel the life Id the
snow bouse proved fairly comfortable.
The Ice in Eureka and Nansen
sounds proved fairly smooth, and long
marches were made. With an abun
dance of game musk oxen, bears and
hares we found it quite unnecessary
to use the supplies taken from Green
land. Caches of food and ammunition
were left along Ilelberg island for the
Willing Savage Hands.
Thus we managed to keep in game
trails and in excellent fighting trim to
the end of known lauds. Camping In
the chill of the frowning cliffs of the
northernmost coast (Svartevogi. we
looked out over the heavy Ice of the
polar seas through eyes which bad
been hardened to the worst of polar
There was at baud an abundance of
supplies, with willing savage bands
and a superabundance of brute force
In overted elts, but for a greater cer
tainty of action over the unknown re
gions beyond 1 resolved to reduce the
force to the smallest numbers con
sistent with the execution of the prob
lem in hand.
We had travels! nearly 400 miles in
twenty-eight days. 'J'hpre remained a
line of 520 miles of unknowable trou
ble to be overcome before our goal
could be reached. For this final task
we were provided with every conceiv
able device to ease this bard lot; but.
In addition to n rdn-ed party, 1 now
definitely resolved to simplify the en
tire equipment. At Svartevog a big
cache was made. In this cache fresh
meat, totlnu. pemmican and much oth
er food, together with alt discarded
articles of equipment, were left.
In the northward advance every
factor of the dog train bad been care
fully watched and studied to provide
a perfect working force for the final
reach over the polar sea. Etukisbuk
and Abwelab, two young Eskimos,
each twenty years old. bad been chosen
as best fitted to be my sole compan
ions In the long run of destiny. Twenty-six
dogs were picked, and upon two
sleds were loaded ail our needs for a
stay of eighty days.
All For Progress.
To have Increased this party would
not bave enabled us to carry supplies
for a greater numljer of days. The
aleds might have been loaded more
heavily, but this would reduce the im
portant progress of the first days.
With the character of Ice wblcb we
bad before us advance stations were
impossible. A large expedition and a
heavy equipment semed Imprudent
ve must win or lose in a prolonged i
effort at high pressure, aud therefore
We must win or lose In a prolonged
. . -
of the Pole !
X Eighty. Three Degrees Be
low-Willing lavage Hands.
Marching Over the Polar
t Seas J J J
absolute control and ease of adapta
bility to a changing environment must
be assured.
It is impossible to adequately con
trol the complex human temperament
of unknown- men in the polar wilder
ness, but the two Eskimo boys could
be trusted to follow to the limit of my
own endeavors, and our sleds were
burdened only with absolute necessi
ties. Cutting Down Weight.
Because of the Importance of a light
and efficient equipment much care was
taken to eliminate every ounce of
weight. The sleds were made of hlck
orv. the lightest wood consistent with
great endurauce. but every needless
liber was goujied out. The iron shoes
were ground thin, and in every way the
weight of nearly everything was re
duced even after leaving headquar
ters. The little train, therefore, which fol
lowed nie Into the farther mystery
was composed of two sleds, each
carrying fioo pounds, drawn by 13
dogs, under the lash of an expert
driver. The combined freight was as
follows: i'emmican. 805 pounds; musk
ox tenderloin, 50 pounds; todnu, 25
pounds; tea, 2 pounds; coffee, 1 pound;
sugar, 23 pounds; condensed milk, 40
pounds; milk biscuits. GO pounds; pea
soup, powdered nud compressed. 10
pounds; surprises. 5 pounds; petro
leum. 40 pounds; wood alcohol, 2
pounds; candles, 3 pounds; matches, 1
The Camp Equipment.
The camp equipment included the
following articles: One blow tire lamp
(Jeueli, 3 aluminium pails, 3 alumini
um cups, 3 aluminium teaspoons, 1 ta
blespoon, 3 tin plates, tt pocketknlves,
2 butcher kuives (10 Inchest, 1 saw
knife (13 inchest, 1 long knife (15 Inch
est, 1 rifle (Sbarpet. 1 rltle (Winchester,
22i. 110 cartridges, 1 hatchet. 1 Alpine
ax. extra line and lashings, 3 personal
The sled equipment was 2 sleds
weighing 52 pounds each. 12 foot fold
ing canvas boat 34 pounds; 1 silk tent.
2 canvas sled covers. 2 sleeping bags
(reindeer skim, floor furs, extra wood
for sled repairs, screws, nails and riv
ets. The instruments were as follows:
Three compasses, I sextant, 1 artificial
horizon (glassi, 1 edouieter, 3 pocket
chronometers. 1 watch, charts, map
making material and instruments. 3
thermometers. 1 aneroid barometer. 1
camera and films, notebooks and pen
cils. The personal bags contained four ex
tra pairs of katuiks. with fur stockings,
a woiileu shirt, three pairs of sealskin
mittens, two pairs of fur mltteus, a
piece of blanket, a sealskin coat (net
sbai, a repair kit for mending clothing
uud dog harness. tru fox tails.
On the march we wore snow goggles,
blue fox coats (kapltabs). blrdskin
shirts, woolen drawers, bearskin punts,
kamlks and hareskin stockings. We
fastened a baud of fox tails under the
knee and about the waist.
Helping the Advance.
On the morning of March 18 prepara
tions were made to divide the party.
The advance must be helped over the
rough le of the pack edge, aud for
this purpose Koolootlugwab and Inu
glto were selected. The other six Es
kimos prepared to return. Oue sled
was left with the cache to Insure a
good vehicle for our return Ui case the
two sleds were badly broken en route.
A hair gale was blowing into Nan
sen sound from the northwest, but this
did not interfere with the starting of
those home going Eskimos. With
abundant game for the return they re
quired little but ammunition to sup
ply their wants.
u we nu s given 10 starr,
the dogs were gathered and the sleds
When the word was given to start.
' it
. , . ' fi
1 -".i - -1
were spanned with a Jump. Soon thry
disappeared In the rush of drlvlug
snow. The crack of the whips and
the rebound of cheering voices were
the Inn which we heard of the faithful
ravage supporter. They had followed
not for pay, bur for a real desire to
be helpful, from the dark days of the
ending of night to the bright nights
of the coming double days, and t ti-lr
parting enforced a pang of loneliness.
Another Sleep Before the Start.
With a snow charged blast In our
faces it was quite Impossible for us
to start, so we withdrew to the snow
Igloo, entered our bags and slept a few
hours longer. At noon the horizon
cleared. The wind veered to the south
west and came with an endurable
force. The dogs bad been doubly fed
the night before. They were not to
be fed again for two days. The 1.20O
pouuds of freight were parked on our
sleds, and quickly we slipped nmund
deep grooves In the great pollocrystic
The snow had been swept from the
Ice by the force of the preceding
f.Mrms. and the speed attained by the
dogs through even much i'-e was such
that It was difficult to keep far enough
ahead to get a good course.
The crevasses and pressure lines gave
little trouble at first, but the hard Ir
regularity of the bared ice offered n
dangerous surface for the life of our
Rleds. passing through blue gorge.5
among miniature mountains of sea
Ice. On a course slightly west of
north we soon sank the bold headland
which raises the northern polut of
Helberg Island.
Camp Is Pitched.
After a run of twenty-six milps we
pitched camp on a tloe berg of unusual
height. There were many big hum
mocks about, to the lee of which were
great banks of hardened snow Away
from land it is always more difficult
to find snow suitable for cutting build
ing blocks, but here was an abundance
conveniently placed. In the course of
an hour a comfortable palace ot crys
tal was erected, and into It we crept
out ot the piercing wind. The first
day's march over the riretitnpolar sea
was closed with a good record.
The dogs curled up and went to sleep
without a call, as If they knew there
would be no food until the morrow
My wild companions covered their
faces wltb their convenient long hair
and sank quietly into a comfortable
slumber, but for me sleep was quite
Impossible. Letters must be written
The whole problem of our campaign
must be again carefully studied and
final plans must be made not only to
reach our ultimate destination, but for
the returning parties and for the secu
rity of the things at Annootok.
Impossible to Foretell Return.
It was difficult at this time to even
guess at the probable line of our re
turn to land. Much depended upon
conditions encountered in the north
ward route. Though we bad left
caches of supplies, with the object of
returniug along Nansen sound Into
Cannon fiord and over Arthur Land.
I entertained grave doubts of our abil
ity to return this way. If the Ice
drifted strongly to the east we might
not be given the choice of working out
our own return. In that event we
would be carried perhaps helplessly to
Greenland and must seek a return
either along the east coast or the west
This drift did not offer a dangerous
hardship, for the musk oxen would
keep us olive to the west, and to the
east It seemed possible to reach Shan
non Island, where the Baldwlu-Ziegler
expedition had abandoned a large
cache of supplies. It appeared not im
probable also that a large land exten
sion might offer a safe return much
farther west
Franeke's Instructions.
Because of this uncertainty Francke
was Instructed to wait until June 6.
1908, and If we did not return he was
told to place Koolootingwah In charge
and go home elthpr by the whalers or
by the Danish ships to the south.
No relief which be could offer would
help us. and to wait for an Indefinite
time alone would have Inflicted a need
less hardship. This and many other
Instructions were prepared for Koo
lootingwah and Inuglto to take back.
in the morning the frost in crystals
bad been swept from the air, but there
remuined a bumid chill which pierced
to the bones. The temperature was
minus 50 F. A light air came Trom
the west, and the sun burned in a
freezing blue.
After a few hours' march the Ice
changed In character. The extensive
thick fields gave place to moderate
sized floes. The floes were separated
by zones of troublesome crushed Ice
thrown Into high pressure lines, which
offered serious barriers, but with the
Ice ax and Eskimo ingenuity we man
aged to make fair progress.
The second run on the polar sea was
wltb twenty-one miles to our credit.
I hnd expected to send the supporting
party back from bere. but progress
had not been as good as expected. We
could hardly spare the food to feed
their dogs, so they volunteered to push
along another day without dog food.
Return of the Helpers,
On the next day. with Increasing dif
ficulties in some troublesome Ice, we
eamped after making only sixteen
miles, nere a small snow house was
built, and from here, after disposing of
a pot of steaming musk ox loins and
broth, followed by a double brew of
tea. our last helpers returned.
With empty sleds and hungry dogs
they hoped to reach land In one long
day's travel. But this would make the
fourth day without food for their dogs"
and In case of storm or moving ice
other days of famine might easily fa II
to their lot. They bad. however, an
abundance of dogs nnd might sacrifice
a few for the benefit of the uthers as
we must often do. '
Real Estate Dealer
Mitchell Hotel Block JOSEFH. OREGON
To the Citizens of Wallowa County:
It is our purpose to handle any business
entrusted to us in such a fair and liberal
manner as to maKe the customer's rela
tion with this banK satisfactory and
profitable. H Aside from our excellent
facilities, this bank has the advantage of
a large capital and substantial list of
stockholders. It is also a State Deposi
tory. If 3'ou are not a customer we
invite you to become one.
StocbjiifffR iiiid Farmers National Bank
Wallowa, Oregon
Wallowa Appleton, Flora lo Paradise,
M-'-yj'ANV W FI'NF.tM'AYS ar-d FRIDAYS; and
from Paradise, Flora and Appleton to Wallowa,
mI H-i-oiiiiiiiltitioiiK, courtt oiih
I,iivh WhIIoh nt 6 a. m
W -L IUp., ,, JjMiM. I 1111. II I w
ft Hundreds of people in this town are
about ready to purchase a talking
C Buy in the daylight! Make compar
isons! Remember that there are "talk
ing machines" and "phonographs," but
only one Graphophone -the
C Be sure to get in touch with us before
you buy. Complete Graphophone out
fits from $20 up. Come in and listen.
Most people prefer to
buy "on time' and that
suits us. Terms are Easy!
i A
nd reasonable rates.
WICK, Proprietor.
(Continued uoxt week.)

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