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.hi 1 t JKe JeWs Jlecord AN INUBPKNbKNT NEWMMPEK Formerly the Wallow Nfwn, Kht)ilUln-l Miir li J, ixuu. New nerle Iicbiiii April 30, IWi Published every Tliuilay at Enterprise, Oregon EAHT RIDE Pl'BLIC Hgt'AHE TKI.KIMIONK IHlMF ISIlKFKNbKKT RO 81 GALLOWAY & H EATON I'llllliHlltTS KntT-(l ill I lie KIUr(trtsH tH'Miittire a viii'l-' anil voters' o- MiiUati ns shall be proportionality represented in all o;7ict: lillei lijr ' ' the election u, .wo t. ..lore persons, ami tliat it voter snail vote lor only one eis'.n ' for any office, and may indicate his second, third, etc , choice; and to protnle lor a simple Method of pre-, n-t residence and registration. Vite Vis or No II 3-8 129 No srii.-Mltll'I'loN KATK-H One yeur f 1.50; three m ntlw fU cenb cash in ailvanuc. Note: Under the new postal regulations, subscriptions to a ceklv newspaper tmiKt be discontinued at end of u year or pity one cent postage on nu ll paper. I Inn mean tit practical workmn, a cash oasis. Every Hiibrcribcr of tbi Xcwh Record nill he. notified tin- tir-t ol tin- tniintti in which liis subscription expiri-H, and it no n-iicual in received by the last day of tbitt tnontb the name is taken fioin our lists. County Advkktihi.vo Katk: Rebuilt subscribers may have a second copy sent outside Wallowa county for $1 a year. 81'ECIAL AOVKKTIHINfi NOTICE. Resolutions, curds of thanks, obituary poetry, ami notice of entertainments the object of w hich is pecuniary ain I outside pine news mention) Hre charged 5 cents a line. Wast Column : Notices in V ant column on first page are charged 1 cent a word one Insertion, or 'A ceuts a word 4 insertions. Minimum charge 15 cents. Cash with order. Certainly. Jt is the only common bense way. We elect by majorities in our lodge and thin applies the same principle to jieneral elections. Proportionable representation is also just. Just beciiitoe there ate 51 of ua and only 4'J of yon, n should not fllov ili.it you have no voice at all in making laws. A bill for a law to limit the amount of money candidates and other persons may con tuliuie or spend in election campaigns; declaring wn.ti shall constiiu'ie iMuuptin use of money and undue inlluence in elections and punishing the same; prohibiting attempts on election day to persuade any voier to vote for or against any candidate or candidates or any measuie submitted to the people; to protect Hie puii'.y of me ballot; furnishing information to voters concerning candidates . nil patties, partly ;it public expense, and providing for the manner of conducting election contests. Yott: Yes or No 330 Yes THURSDAY, Editorial fage. MAY 21 Referendum and Initiative Measures. Continued from last week. For cons'.i utional amendment providing that all dwelling liois.-s, barns, sheds, out houses, antl all other appurtenances thereto; all machinery and buildings used ex clusively for manufacturing purposes and appurtenances thereto; all fences, faiin inacliinery, ami appliances used as stum; all fru.t trees, vin;s, shrubs, an 1 all other improvements on farms; all livestock; all household furniture in usa; and all tools owned by workmen and in use, shall be cxcinpt from taxation in addition to ex emptions now authorized by the Constitution. Vote Yes or No 322 323 Yes No An open content-ion i good for the kouI. We don't know about thin, anymore than the Oregonian does and everyone who has rend the editorial in that fountain of all wisd 011), on this measure will agree with us that what the Oregonian doesn't know about methods of tax ation would fill a big book. Thin propped nimii.lmuiit it far aid away the most important matter on the ballot. If it in adopted and works us claimed by its friend it will be a wonderful boon to the small taxpayer anu 10 me niuie generally ; n it works its manv fear it mifht, it would do much harm. The main argument for it, aside from it- ethical Hide, can be most plainly and quickly .given by two or three Wallowa county illuutrat oop: 'I here i but one practical railroa'd right-of-way up Wallowa canyon and if there were two it would be finan cial folly to build two roads where one is enough. That is termed a natural monopoly. Tjhe 0. R. & N., by" virtue of special powers and privilegoB granted by the people, has iio-)m;smoii of this natural monop oly and instead of using it for tbe bentlit and convenience of the people whom equity decrees it should serve, the O. R. & N. tines it to deprive us of our natural and ju-d right to the advantages of railroad facilities to market. It has the Wallowa county bottle corked more effectually than llobson did the trick for the Spanish lleet at Santiago. Under present lawB or at least system of assessment, Jr. Pace can put .nly a farm land valuation on this right of way. Under the single tax this right of way would be assessed at what it is worth as a rail road right of way, taking into coiisideiatinn tlie fact that it is a natural inoiiopoly, and that valuation would include uli rolling block, Hteel buildings, eto , jus the sains as f thuy wore actu illy 't , ere. Now don't misunderstand this. The single tax would not assess rolling stock, but a railroad right of way would be assessed just the same regardless of whether the road was in operation or not. The tax falls on VALUE not on acreage valuo for the specific purpose the land is or should be UBed for. Under single ti x, the as-'essor wotild be putting that right of way on the tax rolls at 2."j,0f0 or $:K).00() a mile, maybe more. And maybe Mr. llarriman wouldn't decide the quicker that right of way paid its koep the better. Right? Sure. Uoes the assessor risk you how much returns per acre you are gettit g off your land? If a merchant had a ton of salt in his btore and refused to sell a pound when all of us were dying for s It, would the tux assessor refuse to tux that Bait. Another local example: '1 here is in this vallev a thousand acre tract of as line land as lies outdoors, and it might as well be in the Desert of Sahara as far as any use is made of it. The t lx on it is very low because the law gays where anyone is la?y, or slothful, or so cunning us to not improve his farm you shall reward him by ejte npting him from taxation. Therefore there are no build ings on thU tract and no sod tin ned. As soon as the little homestead- fin wrtitivil alw.iit lilitl.l u Ktll i ... rrvt... . It I vib vv.ii. nwu wu.., . lllll.tn IIIUU I1VCSIOCK Or S61 OUt a fruit tree, down swoops the assessor like a hawk on a sparrow, and Mr. Homesteader is assessed a heavy fine for his industry. Single tax would reve-se that condition. Would that be fair? Third, there are the timber holdings of the big oompnies but what's the use of talk ing about them. There isn't a child but ki.ows of that wrong. In short the single taxers claim the real fanners would escape in Oregon from more than 60 per cent of his present taxes. They cite Manitoba and other Canadian Northwest provinces where the .single tax has boen in operation for several year and where agriculture us well as other pursuits, flourish like a green bay tree planted by living waters As for manufacturers, you can't make them pay taxes no matter bow much you assess them. He simply adds the tax to the price of the plow he sells you But the other fellows say all this is at btst doubt ful. The theory is all right. We a Jin it the preen t VyBtem of tax ation is rotten, but would the new work any belt, r? And right there is the point. It would be up to the assessor, and tho courts hacking up the assessor. If they didn't, it would be har l on us little fellows. So we say, we don't know. Wo may take a chance. One thing sure, any other sjsleni can't be much worse than the prei-et t one. For an amendment to Article II of the Consiiltuion, giving the voters iwwer to tall a cial election at any lime to discharge a")' public oiluer and elect his successor, I . . Vote Yes or No 324 Yes " ' r 33' No No. As the News Record has heretofore stated, the lilie of the measure is a misnomer. It should be called a bill to oiiadruple tie present excessive profit's of the state printer. Instead of lessening, it would increase many fold the average expense of candidates. For an net prohibiting, after August 25th, 1918, tislung for salmon or sturgeon nt any ttrne, by any means, except hook and line, in tne Sandy Kiver or any of its toliu tanes, or in the Columbia River, 01 any of its tiihutaries, nt any place up sire no from its continence with the Sandy Kiver, or with I100K and line during the spawn ing season, te i cs or N o Q 332 Yes 3 No This is a scheme to iuonoo!ize fishing pi ivilcgcx and not in tin: intcn st of conserving the llsh supply. Vote No. For constitutional amendment providing for the"clioosin;j of jurors and grand 'uro , and that no person can be charged in the circuit conns with the coin,,ii.Siiou of a crime or a misdemeanor except upon indictment found by a grand jury, evept when a court holds an indictment to be defective, tlu- district attorney mav ii:e in amended indictment. "Vote Yes or No I. Our Complete Line Of " 4 Gents' Furnishing Goods Is now in. Shirts, fane; and plain in . both negligee and banded, Under-. : clothing, Neckties, Scarfs, Collars, Cuffs, Sox. .-. pring and Slimmer Suits for Men, Youths and Boys 1908 patterns and styles. Ready-to ' wear. Our Prices are Rjight. Our " SHOE DEPARTMENT Is filled as never before with the best footwear for men and women, boys -and girls. We especially call your attention to ladies' Oxfords in button, buckle and lace. UK bOU.Tr YOITR PATHONWOK i&ENTEIJPmSE M.&M.GO. 334 Yes 335 No From tbe best information the News Ki-cord can untlier this is a nn ritorions measure. It throws safeguards around the reditu of every man. A bill for an act to create the county of Il n l River out of the western portion of Wasco County; providing for its organization and fixing the salaries of the oii'ners thereof. Vote Yes or No 330 337 "No- No, and aituin no. Ilo' would yon like to have Wasco i nty pi-op, cutting up Wi llows county iuto two or a half dozen small counties, iouhlinu and tripling our taxes. Whether VVusco county kIh.m1i he divided or not is the ; business of the people of Wasco county and the majority there are opposed to it. 1JS ' a. ' n gixes too much power to a sm;.!l .ni ority, 2'j per cent of puUio officers' consiituebti. A bill for a law intruding menilwr of the legislature to vote for and cUvt the candi i dates for Untlt d Stales .Senator ho receive the highest muiiher ol voles at the . general election. Vote Yes or No Supreme Court Amendment In the News Record hist week, we stated bur opinion on the pro posed constitutional amendment increasing the number of judges of the fupreme court to five, and the transfer of the probate business' from the county courts to the circuit courts. We approve of the latter but will vote no because of our personal opinion on the question of increase of judges. Tbe News Record is in receipt of a, letter front a prominent attorney of La Grande giving a strong argument for the measure, and as we always wish to p:esent both sides, it is bete j ub lished: 1 . "I have just read your comment on the measures to he voted upon by tbe people at the June election, and concur in your views on all except the judiciary bill. The last legislature gave ns two supreme court commissioners so as to relieve the Court from overwork, am! tinw are doing good work now. Rut this w.is only a makeshift o last mi ni tne people esn amend the constitution permitting five judges. The judiciary bill is intended to accomplish this, and to transfer the pro bate business to the circuit court. There is no more intricate depart ment of the Jaw than that relating to the settlement of estates At present this is in the hands of the county coin t. But it is seldom that the county judge is a lawyer or Knows anything about legal procedure. The result is that this vtry important branch of the law is adminis tered in a careless atid haphazard manner and many valuable estates lost or squandered. It is the opinion of the bar throughout the state that the circuit court should be given jurisdiction over probate matters. This is the purpose of the bill to be voted upo.i. It was prepared, I understand, by the State Bar association and was sub mitted to the supreme court judites for their approval before it was submitted to the last legislature, and was i.fter careful consideration approved by the legislature and submitted to the people, I think it ought to pass." ' Division of County. The last measure en the ballot U an object lessou to Wallowa county voters. just as sure as hutnau n tare remains Have You Any Friends In the east? Send them a W'a'lowa county descriptive pamphlet a bcauti- 1UI hook Issued uv the countv court nnehaiigeHl a measure for the division 1 "t them free at the county clerk's! of Wallowa county into two counties iolfinj in Enterprise; or of J. I). Wales, i IL-lll hu m. .1... I...I1... ...... .... . I . will be on the ballot two veins from now, if on June 1 next the county seat Is voted to Wallowa town. This is not stated in an attempt to make vote for Enterprise out ol a rem te possibility. It is a statement of absolute fai'V All that la retpiired to put it on the ballot are petitii ns con taining a small per cent of re istereal voters, ana the will to have those peti-1 . , . tioim eireu.Mied. The lest is easv. i ' I""'"': ' January 2't, 21 1!KW: Wo ask tlU voter of this countv, if ' ('' My 14i '5. 'i (') June 11, 12, under the circumstances, the w ill would I V ' , he lai king And evorvbodv knows It la Joseph ; Couch & McDonald, Wallowa; How mail & Mays, Lobtine; Moore A Conley. Flora. ) j Information Concirni.i; liiglith Grade Final Examination-:. j ,10 Yrs No W thout a doubt, yes. It simply puts stab ment No. 1 into law, and will take it out of the jxiwer of political trieks.er lo nullify the people' will as was atti aipted by the Portland gang this s ring. For constitutional amenilntmt giving die people ower to make laws for elec ion of . public ollicei by inajoriiy vole instead of pluialuiesj to provide thai political partus no trouble to gel all the siKuera neces sary on a petition lot any purpote hatws'ver. So we sUte without fear of uuccesa fill contradiction n,ut jf t,e oounty swat is voted on June 1 to Wallowa, way off on one side of the countv. the question of the division ot Wallowa couuty will be puton tl e ballot in l'.liu, and the people of l.inn, iid Lane, and other remote nlaces. will be nlloe.l m diotate whether our taxes for county purposes Khali be doubled or not. Eagle Cap. From KIriii Recorder Kagle Can is the name of a new journal published bv the Wallowa county hiah . school. ' The first Jcopv reached our desk tnis week and it is a er'Jit to the protrreshiveuesii of that educational Institution. The journal compares with those Issued by the liest college ami universities of the North west and speaks volumes for those in chance of it. The business firm of the county are standiuu lihernllv behind it it the way of advertising. l'roirrant: Thursdays Arithmetic,' Writimr, i Misiory aim v ivil Uoveriiniciit. b Fridays -(irnuiuiar, Physiology, (icograpliy anil SK-llln"g. 3. Sources of (jueytion: a Ueography State Course ,f ; , .-tudy, ltedv ay and llbinau's ; Natural School ( jeograpby. I b 8 pelllng Eighty p. r ii nt.' from ! iteeit'a Word Lessons, ' imif twenty er e-iit Iron, inr.nuj scriiit in I Jtniniiore. 0 Writing Seeinieii!4 of ieinntin ' sbip is indicated ill copied mat ter nni from nuinti'-cr'pt in liuguagt1. d I-MUtfimiie ItiK'lilcr's Mo--i Knglisb tilaiiiniar, uodiuKia inbig. e Civil (itivernment Tnited (Stales Constitution. t Hitory l,lt of topics from Mis I'.ry Outline In Mute Course of Study and t 'urn ul Events Notice: Teneners preparing e'as-s t"T examinations uill i.Iihs.' notifv Colintv KUrintendent .10 days Udore examination according to law'. J. V. Kkkns, County Super! iitcntient ol .School. Red Front Livery and Feed Stable First Class Accommodations Best of Hay and Grain u BOSWFLL & SON PROPRIETORS. ON V. ISL-OCK RfU'TII ()E HOTEL EN rEItl'RISK PJIONK llO.MH 1 15 NOTARY PUBLIC Real Estate Dealer Kitchsll Kctsl ElocI; JOSEPH. OREGON IM' VV- tl O U - ; Furniture, Stoves, Dishes, Kitchen Uten sils. Miners', supplies picks, shovels, drills. Highest Market Price for Furs, tildes And Felts. HUNSAKER & TAYLOR 1 1 0 M K 1X1) H 1 ' K N 1) NT l'UON K JOSEPH, ORE. Harness and Saddles LPrrPJ AMri THE HARNESS AND Will supply your needs In the Leather floods line more, cheaply and .(live hc;l'T salisfailinii Hum any other denier in Wnlloua county.'. Lid him lit you out f.ir the season's work. Uepair work a specialty. MAIN STREET, ENTERPRISE, OREGON ENTERPRISE "MEAT. MARKET HKST OF MEATS ALWAYS ON HANI). Illslifst Market I rice lor Hides ami Pells PIllfEttllOIlN I'KoriilE'lOlbS INDEPENDENT PHONE 20 FIRST-CLASS RIGS CAREFUL DRIVERS A I ' K S f I'.t ' I A LT I K8 OF TH K i Horses Boarded by Day; Week or Month Good Care of 11 Stock. BEST EQUIPPED STABLE IX THE COUNTY i One LHock North of Court House. J. C. SHACKLEFORD, Proprietor. MAIL AND PASSENGER STAGE LINE Wallowa Appleton, Flora lo Paradise, MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS mid FRIDAYS; anil Irca Paradise. Flora and Appleton It Wallowa, 'IUEsD.VYS, THURSDAYS uml SATURDAYS. Ciooo tieconmio.latioiis, eourtious treatment and reasonable rttteg. Leave Wallowa at ti a. m. E. W. SOUTHWICK, Proprietor.' ?i. 4 .;.