THE NEWS RECORD
AM INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
uie Wa'lawa News, estab
lished March 3. 1893.
Published Wednesdays and Satur
days at Enterprise, Oregon, by
THE ENTERPRISE PRESS
Office East side Court House Square
Entered In the Entsrprise postofflce
as se:ond-clasa matter.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1909.
The subscription price of the week
ly News Record has been $1.50 a
year. Subscription to the Twicea
Weak paper will be $2.25 a year,
$ 1 .25 for six months. Invariably casl'
iii advance. The new rate will go
ii.io effect February 1. l'J09. Unti
Inn. time subscriptions will be re
ctiivod at $1.S0 a year. This price
Inc-liules the co'ored comic supple
Next Tuesday at noon, the legisla
fill ballot for United Stales
locator. The election was decided
la-t J'ine when Governor Chamber
lain received a majority of the votss
of the peaple to succeed Charles V
Fulton. At the same time a major
Ity of members of the legislature were
e'ected pledged to carry the verdict
j. the people into effect. If for an
reason, they or any of them breaV
that pledge, they will have prove
themselves dishonest, Just as much
so as a man who Is dishonest in n
mslness transaction. And those whc.
try to tempt the legislators into
breaking those solemn pledges, ar
no better than bribers, and It mat
ters not what the Inducement offered
whether money, office, party fealty,
political chicanery or high-sounding
blat about the constitution.
This fulfillment of statement No
one has come right down to a quel
tlon of morals, of common honesty
and there are not two sides to it.
The legislator who breaks that
pledge Is dishonest. The man who
asks him to break that pledge Is
It Is not a po'ltlcal question a'
all. It s not a question of whether
it is wise or good politics to take
the pledge. But It is a question
whether, after a man has made a sol
emn pledge to do a certain thing
knowing at the time all the possibil
ities of that pledge, and now without
a ,partlc!e of releasing evidence,
SHALL HE BREAK HIS SOLEMN
PROMISE TO HIS CONSTITUENTS?
To the Editor: Noticing that you
gwe considerable prominence In the
News-Record to the scientific aspect
of agricultural matters and knowing
that some farmers question even the
utility of applying barnyard manure
to the soil. I infer that a few re
mnrks on the Bubject may be of In
terest to those of your readers who
are engaged In drawing a living from
"the bosom of mother earth." In
the first place let rue say, that plant
food Is present In the Boll In two
conditions: one of them solid, or in
soluble In water and thorefore of no
present use as a plant food, the other
soluble and readily available for the
use of plants. The former exists In
the soil In practically Inexhaustible
quantities, while the latter Is pres
ent In very small proportions. Of
the Bubstances which a plant requires
for Us growth all but four are pres
ent in sufficient quantity In nearly
all Bollg. The four namod lu their
order of Importance are as follows:
Nitrogen, phosphorus, potash and
lime. Now what has happened when
a Hull Is exhausted or "run down';
simply that one or probably more of
the elements of fertility previously
mentioned have been drawn upon by
previous crops to such an extent that
they are no longer present In suffic
ient quantities to produce satisfac
tory results, lu s iuh a condition of
things barnyard manure Is one of the
beat. If not the very best, agent for
supplying the soil with the elunieius
that have bean taken from It, and
restoring It to Its former fertile con
dition, for the b! m pie reason that be
ing composed of the remnants of
plants, and the effete matter thrown
off from the systems of animals. It
contains all the elemonts of - plant
food that tho plant requires, and
what Is more, it contains them In a
readily available condition.
Farther, barnyard manure besides
containing all the elements of plant
food that the plaut requires is also
an Indirect fertilizer, both In a chem
ical and a mechanical sense. In the
former sense it, during the process
of decomposition, gives off large
quantities of carbonic acid, which
reacting on the dormant const 1 1
uta of the soil causes them to pass
into a state of solution in which they
are readily absorbed by the plant.
In the latter sense It opens up a too
compact soil, giving easier access to
Ihe forces of the atmosphere, therj
by aiding them in their work of dii
Integrating the solid materials, and
bringing them into a soluble and
available condition, for it should be
understood that even a piece of gran
ite rock contains all but one of four
mbstunces previously enumerated.
To a stiff clay sail barnyard manure
is best applied in Its fresh, or Ions
itate, that is when It is freshly madj
ind mixed with plently of straw or
jther vegetable matter. For a sandy,
jravelly, or otherwise light soil It Is
jest applied when well rotted, be
cause In that condition it assists l.i
.he retention of moisture, and plant
,'oods in a soluble form. An ac
nialntaiice of mine who was some
what of an amateur in farming mat
ers, asked an experienced farmer,
which is the beat time "to put man
ire on?'' and got for a reply, "put
it on," meaning thereby that you can
lot be far wrong if instead of allow
ng the manure to lie In a pile for
in indefinite time you apply It to
.he laid irrespective of the season
in opinion which ne3ii some mod.
ication, as I happen to iiuw turn
ixperience. If manure Is spread over
t hillside whon the ground Is frozen
leavy rain or strjng "wash" of molt
id snow before the ground is thawed
out, then the greatest portion of it
will be carried down to the hollows
jelow or, perhaps, Into the nearest
ireek or river.
I be'leve I am right In stating that
nost of the upland soils of Wallowa
ounty are of volcanic origin, and vol
canic soils are rich in mineral plaut
'ood, but lacking in nitrogen, while
in the other hand the soil3 of tho
bottom lands, the black soils, if they
ire deficent In anything It Is prob-
ibly In the mineral constituents.
Vbout two years ago I purchased ni
rate of sola, superphosphate, sul
ihate of potash and gypsum, or
' land plaster" as gypsum is soma-
mies termed, with a view to deter
mining what elements of plant food,
!f any, were lacking in the soil of
-ny ranch. After experimenting with
Miese materials, I could find no ap-
rent result, except in the case of
'.he nitrate of soda, a result which
'orroborates my previous statement,
that volcanic soils are rich In mlner-
1 plant food .but deficient In nitro
gen, a defect which could be effic
iently remedied by a liberal applica
tion of barnyard manure. There are
ither ways of getting nitrogen Into
'he Boll which space forbids me to
enlarge upon at present.
R. S. LOVELY, Wallowa County.
PUBLIC LAND SALE.
Department of the Interior.
CI. S. Land Office at La Grande, Or
egon, December 8th, 1908.
Notice Is hereby given that, as dl
ected by the Commissioner of the
General Land Office, under provis
ions of Act of Congress approved
June 27, 190G (34 Stats., 517), we
will offer at public sale, to the high
est bidder, at 10 o'clock a. m., on
-he 23lh day of January, at this of
fice, the following-described land:
WM, SE Sec. 29, W NE Sec.
32, T. 1 N., R. 45 E. W. M., Serial
Any persons claiming adversely the
above-described land are advised to
file their claims, or objections, on
or before the time designated for
F. C. BRAMWELL, Register.
A. A. ROBERTS, Receiver.
Any person knowing of any viola
tlon of the game or fish laws of the
stute, or of persons not proper!)
keeping screens over irrlgatioi
ditches, are requested to notify
Deputy State Game and Forest.
Warden, Zumwalt, Oregon. 43tf
"Cartful Banking Insures the Safety of Deposits"
Depositors Have That (juarantee at
WALLOWA NATIONAL BANK
OF ENTERPRISE. OREGON
We Do a General Banking Business.
Exchange Bought and Sold on
All Principal Cities.
Cieo. W. Hyatt .I'reM.U-nt R. Holmes, Cashier
Ueo. b. Craig, lee President Frank A. Reavts, Asst. Cashier
Gko.S. Ckahi Geo. W.Hyatt Mattik A. Holmes
J. H. Dobbin w. R. Holmks
RKS'l OF MEATS
1 1 flit's t Market
Hides and Pelts
PRICE & ROMAN
I Some Names
Rear Admiral Swinburne
and the Cruise of His Fleet
In the PacificLoyalty to
Speaker Cannon 0 0
THE statement of M. Philippe
Bunau-Varilla, chief engineer
of the Panama canal under the
French regime at the Isthmus,
that the lock plan now beimr followed
would result In certain disaster bus re
sulted in much discussion. As the re
sult of this and other statements from
engineering authorities about the lock
plan of construction. President Elect
Taft Is about to undertake n trip to
Panama in order to satisfy himself
that no mistakes are belnir made in
the prosecution of this great task. It
Is believed that If he can be con
vinced that the lor k nlan Is not entire
ly safe the (-Image to a sea level will
be recommended, and radical altera
tions in the work will In that event bo
imirte In all likelihood. M. Runau-Vii-
rllla, while paying high tribute to tho
energy with which the Ainerlenn engi
neers are prosecuting the work, de
clared: "It is doing a service to the United
States to nfllrra that the plan being
followed will almost Infallibly end In
the greatest disaster In the history of
grent public works ever recorded. The
canal as conceived will exist or not
according as the On tun dam holds or
M. PHILIPPE BUNAT-VARH.LA.
does not. Now, I, with all the French
engineers who have studied the Pan
ama canal question, have the absolute
conviction that the site of the Gatun
dam will result lu certain destruction.
I raised the first cry of alarm In a let
ter to President Roosevelt on March
5, 1000, and not only is my conviction
not modified, but It has Just received
an ominous confirmation in the acci
dent which occurred in November."
The stop at Panama of the fleet of
cruisers under command of Rear Ad
miral William T. Swinburne served to
focus special attention on this officer
and his warships. This stop was the
first the fleet made after leaving Mag
dalena bay on Its southern cruise, and
the officers and men were the recip
ients of ninny courtesies at the isth
mus. The command of Admiral Swin
burne comprises the West Virginia,
Maryland, Pennsylvania, Colorado.
Tennessee, Washington, California and
South Dakota. The admiral reached
Sewing'of all kinds.
GRACE WOOD, LOSTINE
S. K. Clark
Plumber A Steam Fitter
Full line of plumbing
Shop at Keltner's Hardware Store
' '"vtsSf " la"-;, '
ALWAYS ON HAND.
Seen In Print f
M. Bunau-Varilla and P
His Panama Canal Views. t)
A Popular Washington &
his present grnde two years ngo and
entered the navy from Rhode Island
In 1S02. He has seen over twenty-five
years of active duty on the sea. He
participated In some of the most noted
engagements of the Sunnlsh war nnrt
later, lu the Philippines, was senior of
HEAB ADMIIIAL WILLIAM T. SW1NBDHNB.
fleer lu command of the vessels assist
ing General Lawton In his campaign
around Manila bay In June, 18'JO.
Representative Olcott of New York
pave a little illustration of the way
the average Cannon man proposes to
stick to Uncle Joe. Mr. Olcott was
asked who he favored for speaker.
"1 am for Cannou," he replied.
"Would you be for Cunuon if Taft
"1 am for Cannon."
"Would you be for Cannon if he
should be Indicted for burglary?"
"I nni for Cannon" was always the
Perhaps Miss Ethel Roosevelt and
Miss Helen Taft are the two members
of the younger society set in Washing
ton now most tnlked about. Miss
Taft has made an especially bril
liant record In her classes nt college
and seminary, being now at ISryn
Mawr. There Is nnturnlly some eager
ness on the pnrt of Washington girls to
be counted among the friends of these
popular young women. One of those
who are Intimate with both Miss
MISS FRANCES M. WEB8TEK.
Roosevelt nnd Miss Taft isMlss Fran
ces M. Webster, a pretty debutante of
the season. She has been seen much In
their company in recent months.
GOINGS IN OREGON
Interesting; Items Gathered
From All Parts of the State. 5
Health lloiird Makes Report.
Salem Report of the State Board
of Health for tho biennial period
ending September 30, being the third
biennial report made since the or
ganization of the board, has been re
ceived at the executive office. The
report is voluminous and contains de
tailed information concerning i?ie op
erations of the board for the var,
Typhoid fever Is treated of at i
length, as Is also tuberculosis. For
the last biennial period there were j
246 deaths reported from typhoid,
making an estimate of 2460 cases!
In that time. During the same period
there were 807 deaths from tubercu
losis, the majority being under 50 1
years of age. The board strongly .
recommends serious consideration of
these two diseases, with the end In
view of supplying such measures as
will reduce their prevalence to a min
imum. Stress Is laid on the danger aris
ing In harvest time In furnishing Im
pure water to field hands, statistics
showing 'hat more than normal cases
of fevers come In that season of the
' Train Auditors to Take Tickets.
Portland A complete change in
the methods of taking tickets on the
Southern 1'aciflc trains on the main
line will go into effect within the
next few days. The train conductor
lis SsiS SStt:;' si iM .'.!;;.';
: is: -Mm E::;S: M:B$?0vW ' i vis? 7
will be relieved altogether from tick
eting pacsengera or handling any
money whatever. An additional func
tionary will accompany each train
from one terminal to another and do
all such work. All the conductor of
passenger trains will have to do here
after on the main line will be to run
Although at present only the
Southern Pacific main line In the Pa
cific system is affected, It Is expected
the same plan will be followed on
the O. R. & N. soon. The new sys
tem is followed by many railroads
in the East already.
Under the' new system the conduc
tor will not touch a ticket or handle
a cent of money. The train auditor
will make the whole run and will re-
Wur Claim Is Allowed.
Salem Attorney-General Craw
ford has received a dispatch from
Washington saying that tho United
States court of claims has allowed
the state of Oregon $199,000 on ac
count of Civil War claims arising out
of expenditures made by thld state In
raising and maintaining volunteer
troops. Out of this sum $19,900 will
be paid to Washington lawyers who
assisted in the case, and the remain
der will be paid into the irreducible
common school fund.
The principal items In the claim
which has been allowed by the gov
ernment were those for bounties and
for extra pay for the enlisted men.
In order to get men to enlist It was
found necessary to pay bounties and
bonds were issued for this purpose,
which were afterward paid by the
In the County Court of the State of
Oregon, for Wallowa County.
In the Matter of the Estate of
r'ha '. Prown, Deceased.
3 log ii hereby give i, tha' ths un
..ji digued, the administrator of the
estate of Vartha J. Brown, deceased,
i '.3 fl.ei his tinal account of his
i (ministration of the said estate
with the Clark of the County Court
in and for said County of Wallowa,
and that the County Court of said
Wallowa County, by order duly made
and entered, has fixed Thursday, Feb
ruary 4th, 1909, at the hour of ten
o'clock In the forenoon of said day,
as the time, and the County Court
room In the County Court House In
the City of Enterprise, in said coun-.
ty, as the place, to hear objections
to said final account and settle the
same. All parties interested in said
estate having objections thereto, If
any there be, are notified to pre
sent the same, in writing, at said
time and place.
Dated this 4th' day of January,
J. A. BURLEIGH,
Administrator of the Estate of
Martha J. Brown, Deceased. 20t5
RODGERS BROS., Proprietors
Dealers in new and second-hand goods, Bicycles and Bicycle
Supplies. Bicycle and dun Repair Shop. Furniture made or
Repaired, Screen Doors and Windows made to order. Give us
a trial. Our prices are right and all work guaranteed.
A Short Talk
Over the Phone
may save a long
ride to the
Home Independent Telephone Co.
MILLIONS OF f
AT LOWEST RATES. ON EASIEST TERMS.
Wm. Miller & Brother,
SUITE 204. Wallowa National BanK Building,
enterprise, Oregon. 9
rcja.ro; eiajoT raroi Wirj2
MAIL AND PASSENGER
Wallowa. Appleton. Flora to Paradise
MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS and FRIDAYS; and
Fkb Paradise, Flora ud Appleton to Wallowa
TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS and SATURDAYS.
E..W. SOUTH WICK, Proprietor.
Fever sores and old chronic sores
should not be healed entirely, but
should be kept in healthy condition.
This can be done by applying Cham
berlain's Salve. This salve has no
superior for this purpose. It is al
so most excellent for chapped
hands, sore nipple i, burns and dis
eases of the skin. For sale by
Bumaugh & Mayflold.
It is the natural winter
home of many thousand
of the world'sbestpeopie.
Under the gentle influence
of its mild winter climate,
every amusement and
recreation abounds. Such
bathing, boating, fishing,
driving; such picnics, par
ties and "jollifications."
Los Angek s, Paso RobKn
Hot .Springs, Hotel del
Monte, Santa Barbara,
Venice, Long Beach Santa
Cruz, or a score of similar '
resorts and you will find
health, congenial sur
associates, faultless ac
commodations and num
berless attractions and
The O. R.&N. Co.
The Southern Pacific Co.
Make inexpensive round trip
; excursion rates to California
A six months stopover
ticket Wallowa to Los
Angeles and return is
Corresponding rates are ii; ef
feet to other points.
We have some very distinctive
literature covering California's
winter resorts, and will take
pleasure in giving yon all of the
information and assistance at
For tickets, sleeping car reservations,
etc., call on, telegraph or write
E. T. Campion, Agent, Wallowa.
WM. McMURRY, gen. pass, agent,
ciisusjt; j c n i , , , - r
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