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THE NEWS RECORD
(Twice-a-Week.) Am independent wcwipifeb tue Wa'.lawa News, estab lished March 3. 1899. Published Wednesdays and Satur days at Enterprise, Oregon, by THE ENTERPRISE PRE8S Office East side Court House Square Entered In the Enterprise postoffice as second-class matter. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1909. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. The subscription price of the week ly News Record has been $1.50 a year. Subscription to the Twice a Week paper will be $2.25 a year, $1.25 for six months. Invariably cash In advance. The new rate will go Into effect February 1. 1909. Until that time subset iptlons will be re ceived at $1.50 a year. This price Includes the colored comic supple ment. A recent presidential order has placed 15,000 fourth-class postmas ters under civil service rules. There Is a bill introduced in congress . abolish the distribution of garden seeds hy congressmen to their con Btttuents. With the parceling out of fourth-class postmaster patronage anc garden seeds abolished, the useful ness of most of the congressmen would be ended. ILLINOIS ANTI-PRIMARY MEN TH PARTY TRAITORS. The Oregonlan's war on the prl mary law leads It into displays of Ignorance that are astounding in a paper as wise and perfect as H claims to be. Its comment on the political sltua tlon in Illinois is a case in point. In an editorial, January 14, it praises Governor Charles S. Deneen as a man v,ho "did hU duty"; was not a "pH ant executive" but one whom the "local bosses couldn't run." That Is all true as gospel. The Oregonian goes on to tel how a faction of Republicans have joined hands with the Democrats 1 the organization of the Illinois house elected Edward D. Shurtleff speaker and are In a combine to count ou Deneen. This Is true. The Oregonian then says It is the reformers In the Republican party who are in the combine and are op posed to Deneen. It lays all the blame on the primary law which II says was pushed through by the Shurtleff faction In spite of Deneen et al. Not a word of It true. The Shurtleff faction and every Republican opposed to Deneen were machine men, most of them from cor rupt wards in Chicago. They have always opposed Deneen because he was honest, and when Deneen in re s pon Be to the general desire of the people of Illinois succeeded in set ting the primary law passed, the cor ruptlonlsta headed by Hopkins, Lorl mer, Shurtleff and other bosses, big and little, swore vengeance on him. They are the ones that are party tialtors and will go to any length to kill Deneen politically. The "reform era" and primary men are the true blue party men in the Illinois fight and are standing by the honest gov ernor. It Is the same everywhere, in Ill inois, Oregon and Wisconsin,, and all the lying by any paper, no matter how big and influential It Is, cannot change the truth. The Oregonian has admitted, even glories In the fact that It was the bosses and their fol lowers who are opposed to nomina tions by the party rank and file, who defeated Fulton, nominated Cake, so the latter would be defeated by Chamberlain, and then nearly a year ago concocted the scheme of per fidy and dlihr.neety to bulldoxe, buy or wheedle enough Statement No. 1 leg islators to defeat Chamberlain and all to bring ridicule on the primary law. That's the kind of party traitors the principal part of the primary op position Is made up of In Oregon, Ill inois and everywhere. The Republican party, any party, la better off with such traitors out of It permanently. The Oregonian, as the mouthpiece of that class, has served notice, In a recent editorial, that unless the primary law is re pealed that paper and all who be lieve with It, will desert the party forever. Every beIever in honest electon3 by the peiple ought to pray: "Spaed the day." Telephone First In Election News Story of How Returns Were Gath ered by New News-Gathering Agency. With the presllentlal election two months past the excitement attend ing thereon has died away. But there are stories and anecdotes con nected with the campaign that will not die for many years. Many of the3e stories, and per haps a majority, have to do with the getting of returns. Every Instru ment, every news getting agency and overy being who is directly concerned in getting results on election day and night are kept on the qui vive. Pres. associations, newspaper correspond ents, news tickers and every other news getting agency make supreme sffort to be first In getting result i before the public. Tue extent th:j competition reaches, the iiit3u-iuy of the rivalry and the means employed to get the results first are hardly belicveable to o.ie who has not, di rectly or indlrectiy, been a partic ipant. In the presidential election of 1908 this rivalry was unprecedented. The utmost efforts were put forth and un usually large expenditures of money were made to score what in news paper parlance are known as "beats." in the late campaign the plum for the most efficient, feasible and sat isfactory way of getting complete and authentic returns, went to an agen cy which a few years ago was con sidered impracticable . and too ex pensive. This agency was the telephone. Some years ago the telephone com panies gave out their bulletins direct in the large cities. In the last elec tion they gave them to the newJ' papers, who, in turn, gave them to the public over the telephone or on jcresns. In the large cities extra stations and lines were Installed in newspaper offices without extra charge. The completeness and a& curacy of the telephone companies' bulletins taken in conjunction with the smooth manner In which they hendled the extra rush of business have prompted the various newsp pers throughout the country, who en joyed the benefit of the service, to give liberal credit to the telephone companies. The Philadelphia Times, a new ev ling paper, in expressing its apprec latlon says: "This is the first time we have received anything without paying for it since we have been in business." The Baltimore World says: "The (telephone) service was perfect and enabled us to put a more complete extra on the street by eight o'clock than ever before." Although 'the bulletins of the. tola phone company were first at hand in nearly every instance, the accuracy of the reports was not sacrificed to obtain this result. In so far as pos sible every bulletin was rigidly cen sored. Wild-cat guesses, prophecies baeid on heresay, etc., were elimi nated. Consequently the bulletins had a real value. Department heads and traffic offic ials of the telephone companies are elated at the highly successful out come of ths rigid test of their sys tem. As a result of the work it per formed, stacks of letters are care fully filed In executive offices com plimentary to the efficiency of the organizations. Other tests the telephone has been subjected to would make interesting reading. For instance, during the pennant winning games at Detroit last fall the city was base-ball mad. Dur ing the lust two weeks of the season the enthusiasm of the "fans" was bubbling over with every game. The climax was reached on the pennant winning Tuesday, however. The tel ephone exchanges were besetged with inquiries. , To prepare for the emergency the telephone companies organized bulle- ENTERPRISE OPERA HOUSE Watch for Next Announcement tine squads whose only duties were to answer baseball Inquiries. The large number, of young ladles who (comprised these squads handled in some cases over 7000 calls an hour. or in other words, some operators handled about seven calls a minute, although each one insisted they han dled three times as many. One op erator on that memorable day han-1 died, by actual count, 21 calls a min ute from an outside exchange, appar ently without confusion. This was at the rate of 1200 an hour. These are but two instances out of many that are happening day after day which prove that the telephone has become cur most Indispensable servant. It is becoming a necessity In every home and office, whether In town, city or country. It is lock- stepping with progress at every i stride. These two instances also serve to ! indicate the Increased number of pur poses for which the telephone Is used and also tends to show the depend-; ence the general public places upon It. But to get a definite Idea of the growth in popularity of the telephone a.ii the increase In the number In use, one should take note of the growth of the Western Electric com pany, the principal manufacturers of telephones and telephone supplies In this country. In 1902 telephones shipped by this company numbered one million and a quarter, in 1904 a million and a half, and in 1906 two million and a quarter, an increase in five years of a million telephones, or approximately over 80 per cent. COPPERFIELD JUST NOW WIDE OPEN TOWN The stories brought In from Cop perfleld, the town on Snake river, by persons arriving from there sound like the tales of many another new railroad and mining town In the hey day of their meteoric career. It is related that it is a wideopen town. Hundreds of laborers on the Northern railway and Ox Bow con struction make It their headquarters, especially when they get their time check and take a layoff. Then there is something doing. All the booze necessary can be had and that Is about all they want. The shrewd "sport" Is there also, ready and cap able of separating the laborer from his coin and It Is done In the most scientific way. The gay siren is also on the ground, togged out with all her gay tluffles and cosmetic beauty. And In all, so report has it, Cop perfleld Is the king pin of all the northwest towns. It Is the quintes ence of all that is loud and Immoral, the place Is setting a pace as hot as those of the Infernal regions whence comes the metal for which the town has been appropriately named. Ba ker City Democrat. Makes La Grande Busy. From Evening Observer. La Grande Is becoming quite a railroad center. The branch road into Wallowa county has added great ly to our importance. A 8pralned Ankle. As a rule a man will feel well sat isfied if he can hobble around on crutches In two or three weeks after spraining his ankle, and it is often two or three monthB before he is fully recovered. This Is an unnec essary loss of time, as by apply ing Chamberlain's Liniment, as di rected, a cure may as a rule be effected In les3 than one week's time, and In many cases within threi days. Sold by Burnaugh & MayfhM. TOWN PROPERTY FARM LANDS TIMBER LANDS STOCK RANCHES Property listed with me is unsolicited. The owners desire to sell. Consequently they are BARGAINS Now is the time to buy property in Enterprise. See me if you want a house or lot any location Good farm propositions in valley and out lying districts. Insure yonr live stock in the National Live Stock Insurance Company. You can not afford to take chances at the price it costs to insure your horses or cows. I have the best Standard Fire Insurance Com panies. Also the cheapest Mutual Company. W. E. TAGGART, Enterprise, Oregon Day And Lincoln Centenary Suggested S:hooi Program for Dual Celebration of Two Important Events. A suggested program for public schools and literary societies for Ore gon Day, February 14, the 50th anni versary .of the admisison of Oregon into the Union. The act admitting Oregon was passed February 12 and signed by the President, Feb. 14, 1859. Inasmuch as the 14th falls on Sunday this year, it Is suggested that the exercises be held on Friday, Feb ruary 12, and that the centenary of Lincoln's birth be commemorated in the same exercises. This program is suggested by the Univerlsty of Oregon and wa3 pre- ipared by the departments of Histor) and Education. Order of Exercises. Song, "Oregon' (Oregon Teachers' Monthly, Sept. 1908.) Reading, Jefferaon's Instructions to Le.vla for the exploration of the Columbia River. Coues' The History of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, I p. XXVI, from mid dle of pase to end of second line on p. XXVII.) Declamation, Baylies' Speech la Con gress (justifying the expectation that Oregon would be settled by Americans. Annals of 17th Con gress, 2nd Session, 1822-23. Sel ections pp. 681 2nd 682.) Reading, Applegate's "A Day With the Cow Column" (Schafer'B His tory of the Pacific Northwest, pp. 186-192.) Recitation, "Campfire3 of the Pio neers," Simpson (5th and 6th stanzas) 'Pilgrims of the Plain," (3d stanza) (both in quarterly Oregon Historical Society, Dec. 1900.) Reading, Act for the Admission of Oregon (from Report Sec. of State of Oregon, 1897-98, pp. 151-2.) Oration, Abraham Lincoln, (by a member of the school or some prominent citizen.) Song, "America." Note: Complete copies of the read ings and recitations cited above may be secured free of charge by writing the Registrar, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon. PARADISE GLINTS. Paradise, Jan. 15. The mall from Paradise to Anaton cannot cros3 the Grande Ronde river on account of the ice. O. P. Barnes died at his home in Aso'.ln, Friday, January 8. Mr. Barnes was a former resident of this jplace and was about 80 years of age. E. W. Applegate Is still confined to his room on account of his foot that was Injured by his horse falling on it. James Barnes made a trip to Lew lston last week Weather warmer today, big chlnook and snow disappearing. A. C. Miller of Enterprise was here on business yesterday. W, C. Straley and wife have sold to Nova Straley and wife 80 acres of land; consideration $1000. W. C. Straley and wife to Clyde Straley and wife 120 acres of land; consid eration $1550. Mrs. W. J. Akin, who was operat ed on at Flora by Drs. Anderson and Gllmore a short time ago, Is doing will. ! FIRE INSURANCE PLATE GLASS INS. STOCK INSURANCE Oregon. State May Hire Dairy Inspectors. c..timH nreamerymen and dairymen of Oregon will Join In an appeal to the legislature this winter for the appropriation of $6000 an nually for the employment of compe tent Instructors to educate dairymen to produce only the nest possiuio products. With the appropriation m ha ociroH it in nrnvided In the bill that three competent dairymen be employed and piacea in " uwi, with nothing else to do but to spend their- time with the iarmers ana m :i....t ksm ii to the nroner manner of caring for their herds, including the feeding, stabling and other de tails connected with tne moaern dairy farm. Each Normal for Itself. RoBeburg Senator Abraham will Introduce a bill at the coming ses sion of the legislature to cover the normal school situation completely. Under the provisions of the proposed bir. each district In which the nor mal school Is situate'd will be com pelled to finance Its own normal without the aid of other districts. The measure provides that the state shall be divided into ftva different districts, each one of which will be entitled to one normal school, and they will be supported wholly by tax ation, levied upon the assessable property in the district. OREGON BRIEFLETS Judge Bronaugh, of the state cir cuit court at Portland, Saturday sen tenced James A. Finch, convicted of the murder of Ralph B. Fisher, late prosecutor for the Oregon Bar Asso ciation, to be hanged February 5. Finch displayed little emotion while the sentence was being passed. Fifteen hundred dollars for an acre for 12 acres Is the record price for Rogue River Valley orchard lands. The 12 acres are set to New own and Spltzenberg apple trees, 18 ears old, and from this particular tract was harvested In 1907 a rrnn of apples which netted the owner $633t. Multnomah County Commissioners and County Court have decided to erect a modern courthouse. An aouncement has been made that as joon as a levy can be made the prep arations for construction work on a steel building to cost $500,000 will be undertaken. Notwithstanding no briefs have been filed by attorneys on either side of the Hembree murder case, the su preme court has set case for hear ing on January 14. Under the pres ent rules of the court criminal cases will be set for trial without demy when the prescribed time has expired unless the attorneys secure an exten sion of time to file briefs, Four thousand acres of first class agricultural land are to be settled prior o the opening of spring by practical horticulturists in the Wil low Creel; Valley. The land Is now being divided Into 10, 20 and 40 acre tracts and will be irrigated. The land is to be sold on condition that the work of setting out fruit trees is commenced by each buyer In earnest this spring. The land is located near Vale. George Cochran, a 10-year old boy, was caught Saturday nleht in thn Station A postoffice, Portland, In the act or rifling the registered mail. He gained entrance to the room by crawling through the chute provided for papers and large packages. On the night of December 31 a pearl brooch valued at $20 was stolen from this office. Young Cochran' con fessed to the theft and took the offi cers to the place where he had se creted It. The people of Eastern Oregon are going to demand the enactment of a scalp bounty law by the legislature this winter. The coyote Is the worst enemy of the cattle Industry and the extermination of this animal should be encouraged by state aid. thtv r. gue. Next of Importance to the people or tne eastern part of the state is' Irrigation legislation. Some bill prescribing a definite water code for the state probably will be enact ed. The third annual convention of the Oregon Retail Grocers' and Mer chants' Association opened In Port land Wednesday. Over 100 grocers from the outside cities were In . tendance Among the laws that were discussed and will be recommended to the legislature for passage Is that providing for the garnishment nf th salaries of public officials, which Is not now allowed. Salem grocers com plain against the law, saying they have lose a good deal of monov in this way. Eastern Oregon grocers want a law against peddlers. They say that peddlers come through that country with goods of various kinds, which they dispose of to farmers. Department of Publie Instruction 8alem CIRCULAR OF INFORMATION Giving the sources of examination questions for State and County pa pers, February and August, 1909. 1. Arithmetic, One-fifth from State Course of Study, four-fifths from Smith. 2. Civil Government, Strong Scbafer. 3. English Literature: February, 1909 A. One-half from texts: New comer's English Literature, and Newcomer's American Litera ture. B. One-half from the following classics: 1. Lowell. The Vision of Sir Launfal (RIv. lit. er.) Hough ton, 23c, 22c. 2. Webster, The First- Bunk er Hill Oration (Rlv. lit. ser.) Houghton, 25c, 22c. 3. Scott, Marmion (Pocket Classics) Macmllllan, 25c, 22c. August, 1909 A. One-half from texts: New comer's English Literature, and Newcomer's American Litera ture. B. One-half from the following classics: 1. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar (Rlv. lit. ser.) Houghton, 25c, "22c. 2. Ruskln, Sesame and Lilies (Rlv. lit. ser.) Houghton, 25c. 22c. 3. Carlyle, Essay on Burns and Burns' Poems (Pocket Classics) Macmlllan, 25c, 22c' The first figure is the publisher's price, the second the price to schools contracted for between the Oregon Library Commission and The J. K. Gill Co. , 4. Geography, One-fifth from State Courses of Study, four-fifths from Redway & Hinman. 5. Grammar, One-fifth from State Course of Study, four-fifths from Buehler. 6. History, U. S. One-fifth from State Course of Study, four-fifths from Buehler. 7. Orthography, Reed's Word Les sons. 8. Physical Geography, Tarr's New Physical Geography. 9. Physiology, Krohn, Hutchinson. 10. Reading, State Course of Study, White's Art of Reading, Oral Reading. 11. School Law, School Laws of Oregon. 12. Theory and Practice, White's Art of Teaching. 13. Writing, Outlook Writing Sys tern. Tests in Writing. 14. Algebra, Wells: Algebra for Secondary Schoo's. 15. Bookkeeping, Office Methods and Practical Bookkeeping, Part I. 16. Composition, Herrick & Damon 17. Physics, MUIikan & Gale: A First Course in Physics. , 18. Psychology, Buell. 19. Botany, Bergen: Elements of Botany. 20. Geometry, Wentworth: Plane and ' Solid Geometry, questions on Plane Geometry. 21. History, General, Myers: Gen eral History. An examination is required upon the first thirteen subjects for a first grade County certificate valid for three years; upon the first eighteen subjects for a State certificate valid for five yeare; and upon the twenty one subjects for a State diploma valid for life. Information Concerning Eighth Grade FinaJ Examinations. 1. Dates: Three examinations annually. Each county superintendent to select months for his county. (a) January 21-22, 1909. (b) May 13-14, 1909. (c) June 10-11, 1909. (d) September 2-3, 1909. 2. Program: (a) Thursdays Arithmetic, Writ ing, History, and Civil Govern ment. (b) Fridays Grammar, Physiol ogy, Geography, and Spelling. 3. Sources of Questions: (a) Civil Government United States Constitution. (b) Geography ' State Course of Study: Redway and Hlnman's Natural School Geography. (c) History List of topics from History Outline In State Course of Study and Current Events. (d) Language Buehler's Modern English Grammar, no diagram ming. (e) Reading The teacher will send to the County Superintend ent the applicant's class standing in reading, which shall be taken by such superintendent as the ap plicant's standing on the subject. (f) Spelling Eighty per cent from Read's Word Lessons, and twenty per cent, from manuscript in Language. (g) Writing Specimens of pen manship as indicated In copied matter and from manuscript in Language. Respectfully submitted, 1 J. H. ACKERMAN. Supt. Public Instruction. The first Eiehth GraHo ATamlna. tlon for the year 1909 will be held' January 21-22. Teachers prepailnsr classes for this examination will please reoort to this office the number of applicants at least tnirty days before above date. Respectfully, J. C. CONLEY, Supt. of Schools. We have purchased the Joseph Mercantile stock of hardware, Tinware, Granite Ware and Dish es and are selling them at a big reduction. Come now for bar gains. HUNSAXER & TAYLOR, Joseph OretfAA.