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THE NEWS RECORD
(Twlce-a-Week.) AH INDBFKNIiKKT SBWiH-ArBR j . a'liwn New, estab lished March 3. 1803. Published Wednescays and Satur days at Enterprise. Oregon, by THE ENTERPRISE Pr5ES3 Office East slle Court II(hh S-i'iare filtered In the UtitirprUe p:ui office a seonil-cUsj matter. SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 1333. Emmanuel at rrcsbytorlan church, April 30. W. B. APPLEGATE. Notary Public . Collections made. Ileal K-ila'e bought and sold and all busliims matters ai tended to. Call on or write me. PARADISE, OltHGO.W aw ft: A nmim ImMWi i . rnwm fat it pit 4r . pv A Gentleman From Mississippi Fifjh(ini in the United States Senate For the People Against Corruption Read in this paper this thrilling story of life in the United States Senate, of politi cal intrigue and of love. Novelized from Thomas Wise's great play. Illustrated by Berber, Ryder and Will Jones L, Bed Dealer in Harness, Saddles, Chapps, Spurs, and Leather Goods of oil descriptions. I will fit you out . Nvit the best poods for the least money. When in need cf unythir.gr in my line, c;.ll and inspet myjstock before purchasing. ENTERPRISE, a. a. .aU&aiU . King of Blood Remedied Levy's Oregon Grape Compound. Sold and guaranteed by Burnaugh & May field, Enterprise, Oregon. NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Department of the Interior, ij. S. Land Office at La Grande, Or egon, March 10, 1909. NntiiH a hc.rcbv Kiven that Henry . Downs, of Lostlne, Oregon, who ion July 28, 1993, made Homestead ! Entry No. 13101-Serlal. No. 03999, for WV SWVl, NKvi SVi. NWV4 SE ..4,"s.-Uon 10, Township 2 South, llaiipe 13 East, Willamette Meridian, lia lied iut.ii e of intention to make ; . i.ial Five Ye.ir Proof, to establish i a m t tli - land above described, U'fie D. W. S:oiliai, U. S. Cow mi. ,1 uicr, at Kiiterprlse, Oregon, on lie ::a li ry of April, 1909. Claimant names as witnesses: i o is' (Jijtt'n, Charles E. Van Pelt, l'aul A. Harris. Floyd W. Ham- :na k, of Lostlne. Oregon. 58tG F, C. Dram well, Register. mm w t- ! mi OREGON n Home Course In Modern Agriculture XL Bacteria- How Tliey Affect the Farmer By C. V. GREGORY. Agricultural 7ixUon. lotua Stall Collect Copyright. 1909. bv American Press Association w E hear a great deal abonr bacteria, or gprms, as they are more popularly called, but few Deoule know u'lint they really are. Although they are so small that It would take several thousand together to ranke a spot large enough to be seen with the nnked eye, yet their Importance to the farmer Is not measured by their size. Bacteria are tiny plants, each com posed of a Khi.;le cell. These cells are of vnrl-ius shapes and sizes. Some are rouml, some long and some shaped llt;c a. corkscrew. Some are found Kingly and some In groups. Some cunnoc move at ail, some more by twisting themselves about, and still others have long, tall-like flagella by which they move themselves along. Bacteria are made up of a clear, Jellylike material called protoplasm. This protoplasm Is surrounded by a harder cell wall. There Is a great difference In the thickness of these cell wuIIh, and on this thickness de pends to a large extent the ability of the germs to withstand unfavorable conditions. Those with thru cell walls can bo killed easily, while the thicker walled kinds are very difficult to ex terminate. Bacteria propagate themselves by dividing. One cell divides Into two. Each of these two grows to full size and divides again, and so on. Under favorable conditions this process may be repeated every half hour. At this rate the descendants of one germ would In ten hours number more than a million. At times the part of the, protoplasm of a germ will gather Into a round, comparatively hard mass, called a spore. The rest of the cell then crum bles awny. This spore Is Inactive, but possesses much greater powers of re sistance than w-hen In the active state. These spores often remain olive to start the Infection afresh after the active bacteria have all been killed by disinfection. Bacteria, like higher plants, have definite requirements for growth. One of the most important of these Is mois ture. Drying will not kill bacteria, but It will stop their multiplication. An other essential to bacterial growth Is warmth. Cold, like dryness, will not kill them, but It will stop them from multiplying. This Is the reason that the souring of milk or the spoiling of meat, which Is caused by bacteria, jjoes on much more slowly or not at all when they are kept In a cold place. One of the prluclpal foods of bacte ria Is nitrogen. Without It they con not live. Because of this fact sugar and lard, which contain no nitrogen, never spoil. Bacteria also require oxy gen, though only certain species ore dependent on the air for their supply. One of these Is the kind that causes meat nud vegetables to decoy. This Is why canned fruit and vegetables do not spoil. The bactrrta have been killed and the oxygen driven off by heating. The few germs that do get in before the can Is sealed up cannot de velop for lack of air. If the can Is not air tight, however, some oxygen will find Its way In. the germs will multi ply, and the contents will spoil. Not all bacteria are Injurious. Al though some of man's most deadly en emies are found among these Invisible micro-organisms, yet many of them are Ills best friends. We have already learned about the bacteria that live on the roots of legumes and change th? nitrogen cf the air Into a form l-j FIO. XXI BOM 1YPES or BACTKKIi. which It con be used by plants. The rotting of manure and trash to make humus and of humus to make the ele ments of plant food available Is also due to the action of bacteria. In this way bacterid, by making animal wastes available for plant food, com plete the circle of plant and antmal life. The rarefying bacteria, or those which cause rotting, are more benefi cial than harmful. By their action dead animals and other refuse matter re Quickly reduced to the elements from which they were u.le. Even the odor given off during the process 1 also beneficial as a reminder that the matter of burying or burning has been neglected. Other micro-organisms In the form ef yeast are a necessary help In bread making. The yeast plants, growing in the dough, set free considerable amounts of carbon dioxide. This gas In trying to escape Oils the dough with holes and spaces, making It "rise." The bacteria which cause milk and cream to sour are also useful. Butter made from sweet cream Is lacking In I uvi, ,uu uivrr ia qui bo muca or K. since the globules of batter fat do not collect as readily as to sour cream. But while the germ that cans milk j to sour are harmless, there art others J5 i T often found In milk that are not. The first variety will always lie plentiful enough auyway, and the others should be kept down to as small u number us possible. One of the most Important methods of doing this Is by cleanliness. The milk pails and strainers and the sepa rator should be tliorouElily cleaned every time they ore used. Mere rins ing with cold woter is not enough Following the ordinary washing by scalding with boiling water Is the only sure way of killing all the germs. Iu cleaning dishes a brush Is much bettei than a rag, since it can be more easily ileaned itself. A dish rag remains damp for a long time after it has been usc-d and furnishes an excellent place for bucteriu to grow. The "dish rag flavor" caused by these can often be detected In butter. After the dishes have been scalded they should be placed In the sun for several hours. There should be as Y1Q. XXII HOW SlOHBS AI1E FORMED. much sunshine us possible In the milk room and cow stable also. Sunlight, which Is so necessary to the growth of the higher plants, Is fatal to bacteria. The stable where the milking Is done should be cleaned and aired every day. A coat of whitewash should be applied occasionally, as In addition to being a good germ killer It also makes the stable much lighter Ilay should not -be fed Immediately before milking, ns the dust from It If covered with bacteria. The udder. and flanks of the cows should be kept perfectly clean. A little dirt falling from them Into the milk will take with It thousands of germs. The milk should not be. left in the barn nfter it Is drawn, but taken immediately to the milk room. Many crenmerles and city milk deal ers practice pasteurization. This sim ply consists In heating the milk to ns high a temperature as possible with out scalding It. This kills most of the germs, and the few that are left wlli not develop rapidly enough to do tnuch harm. In creameries a starter that Is, a portion of milk which con tains a particular kind of bacteria Is added after pasteurization and the cream then "ripened" for twelve hour; or so. By thus supplying germs which are known to produce desirable fla vors and killing the others butter of very high quality may be made. There are bacteria everywhere in the soil, in the air aud lu the water. By far the greater number of these are harmless. Even disease germs are unable to obtain a foothold In a perfectly healthy animal or person. The seeretlous of the mouth and the digestive organs are fatal to many of them. Even If they succeed lu get ting Into the blood they are not yet out of danger. The blood contains large numbers of white corpuscles, which seem to have uo duty to per form but to seize and destroy these Invaders. It is only when nu aulmal becomes weakened from one cause or another that these corpuscles fall to do their duty and the germs begin their destructive work. The first step In avoiding Infection by disease producing bacteria, then. Is to keep the animals healthy by proper feed, exercise nud shelter. The , next point Is to do everything possi ble to prevent the germs from getting into the aiilmal's body. Iu case a contagious disease of any sort appears the sick animals should be shut up by themselves ns fur as possible from the rest of the herd. Disinfectants, such as coal tar dips and bichloride of mercury (one part of the chemical, two parts salt aud 1,0(10 parts water), should be used freely. Care should be taken not to carry the germs from the sick ani mals to the well ones whtle caring for them. Wounds, such as wire cuts, need es pecial care to prevent Infection. Or dinary disinfectants are too Irritating, yet something must be done to keep the bacteria from attacking the raw surfaces. Keeping the wouud bouud up tightly and sprinkling dally with powdered Iodoform Is one of the best ways of insuring rapid healing. The germ problem, like the problem of weeds and Insects, Is easily solved if it Is gone at In the right way. Cleanliness, sunlight and disinfection will do much to hold the Injurious ones In check, and the others need no encouragement to continue doing their Invisible though none the less real work to help us. There Is no espe cial reason why the germ problem should be made matter of constant uneasiness on the part of the farmer. It requires scientist to discriminate between ' bacteria that are injurious and those that are necessary, aud In the meantime it Is sufficient for the ordinary agriculturist to lie diligent In Intrenching himself behind cleanliness. Thus fortified he will have little occa sion to make a special study of bac teria. It tb scientists do that. Up Before the Bar. N. H. Brown, an attorney, oi Plttg- field, Vt., write3 "We have used Dr. King's New Life Pills for years and find them such a good family medi cine we wouldn't be without them.' For Chills, Constipation, Biliousness or Sick Headache they work wonders 25c. All druggists. A Woman's Aim. The queen of hearts ah stole some darts Right out of Cupid's quiver. She aimed a dart at Willie's heart But shot him through the liver. Llpp.ncott's Magaxlne. I'd Rather Die, Doctor, than have my feet cut off," said M. L. Uingham, of Princevllle, 111., "but you'll die from gangrene (which had eaten away eight toes) if you don't,' said all doctors. Instead he used Bucklen's Arnica Salve till wholly cured. Its cures of Eczema, Fever gores, Bolls, Burns and Piles as tound the world. 25c. at all drug gists. Geography Class. The Teacher Now. Johnny, yon may tell me how the earth Is divided. The Pupil By earthquakes. Cleve land Leader. Used by the Multitude. Levy's Oregon Grape Compound. For eeneral spring tonic. Sold 'and guaranteed by Buruaugh & Mayfield, .... iwauiiunairy measure. "Why do you laugh so hurriedly when your husband tells a story?" "If I don't laugh promptly he tells It all over" again." Cleveland Plain Dealer. For dyspepsia, indigestion and loss of appetite take Levy's Oregon Grape Compound. Sold and guaranteed by Burnaugh & Mayfield, Enterprise, Oregon. Just So. Fred-There goes a trim little lady. Joe Naturally. She's a milliner. Town Topics. Rheumatism. More than nine out of every ten cases of rheumatism are simply rheu matism of the muscles, due to cold or damp,' or chronic rheumatism. In such cases no Internal treatment is required. The free application of Chamberlain's Liniment is all that Is needed, and it is certain to give quick relief. Give it a trial and see for yourself how quickly it relieves the pain and soreness. The medi cines usually given for rheumatism are poisonous or very strong medi cines. They are worse than useless In cases of chroalc and muscular rheumatism. For sale by Burnaugh & Mayfield. A Song of the 8tre. Boms day the merry birds will call Some day the sun wUl shine so clear. Borne day. oh, sweetest thought of an. The grimy snow will disappear! Washington Star. SAept Over Niagara. This terrible calamity often hap pens because a careless boatman ig nores the river's warnings growing ripples and faster current. Nature's wernlngs are kind. That dull pain or ache in the back warns you the kidneys need attention if you would escape fatal maladies Dropsy, Dia betes or BrlgUt's disease. Take Eiec trie Bitters at once and see Back ache fly and all your best feelings return." After long suffering from weak kidneys and lame back, one $1 bottle wholly cured me," writes J. R. Blankenship, of Belk, Tenn. Only 50c at all druggists. At the Opera. Twinkle, twinkle, little star. Of course I know just what you are. I saw you with a burlesque show. 'Twaa more than fifty years ago. Chicago News. Foley's Honey and Tar Is a safe guard against serious results from spring colds, which inflame the lungs and develop Into pneumonia. Avoid counterfeits, by insisting upon hav ing the genuine Foley's Honey and Tar, which contains ' no harmful drugs. Burnaugh & Mayfield. A Proposal. ' Geraldine-Llfe Is what we make It Gerald-Let's make It bearta.-New tork Herald. A Healing Salve for Burns, Chapped Hands and Sore Nipples, As a healing salve for burns, sores, sore nipples and chapped hands Chamberlain's Salve, is most excel lent It allays the pain of a burn al most Instantly, and unless the In jury is very severs, heals the parts without a scar. Price, 25 cents. For sale by Burnaugh & Mayfield. Mr. Impecune. Tou think him your friend. But. as sure as yon live, Wben he asks yon to lend He expects yon to give. New York Telegram, Nature's Remedy. Levy's Oregon Grape Compound. Enriches your blood. Regulates kid ney and liver. Sold and guaranteed by Burnaugh ft Mayfield, Enterprise), Oregon. Read the advertisements. LODi.E DIRECTORY. I 0 0 F ENTEnpRlSB lodgk no KMERALD RBBEKAH LODGE, No. lit K fl ENTERPRISE) LODGE, No. . ofr. JUANITA TEMPLE, No. 1, Pythias Sisters. annum enterprise chapter. IVinuUNlU.Nu. 30, Royal Arch Masons, meets first and third Tuesdays of each month in Masonlo Halt All visiting Royal Arch Masons welcomed. J. B. OLMSTED, High Priest. D. W. SHEAHAN, Secretary. WALLOWA LODGE, No. 82, A. F. at A. M., meets second and fourth Satur days of each month in Masonic Halt. Visiting Masons welcomed J. A. BURLHIGH. W. M. W C. BOATMAN, Secretary. - WALLOWA VALLEY CHAPTER, Wo 50, O. E. S. meets first and third Sat urdays of each month. In Masonic Hall ' Visiting Stars are always welcomed. MRS. ELVA L. FRENCH, W M. MRS. MARY E. STEEL, Bee, MUI EAGLE CAMP, No. 10497, M . Il-n.W. A Meets first and third Thursdays in each month. In new Fra ternal halL Visiting Neighbors alway welcome. 3. W. RODQERS Consul. T. M. DILL, Clerk. ANEROID CAMP, No. 3642, R N. of A. Wfl Ul ENTERPRISE CAMP. No .U. II. 535. W. Of W. ALMOTA CIRCLE. No. 278. W. of W. S. K. Clark Plumber. A Steam Fitter Full line of plumbing u aterial. Satisfaction Guaranteed Shop at Keltner's Hardware Store Leave Orders. ENTERPRISE OPERA HOUSE Watch for -Next Announce ment Nature Provides but one California It is the natural winter home of many 'fcousand of the wor'd 's best peopie. Under the gentle influence of its mild winter cl;mate, every amusement and recreaMon abounds. Such bathing, boating, fishing, driving; such picnics, par ties and "jollifications.' GO TO Los Angeles, Paso Robles Hot Springs, Hotel del Mente, Santa Barbara, Venice, Long Beach Sant i Cruz, or a score of similar resorts and you will find health, congenial sur roundings, hospitable associates, faultless ac commodations and num berless attractions and conveniences. The O.R. & N.C0. Connecting with The Southern Pacific Co. Make inexpensive round trip excursion rates to California A six months stopover ticket Wallowa to Los Anpreles and return ip " $76 80 Corresponding rates are i ef feet to other points. We have some very distinctive literature covering California's winter resorts, and will tske . pleasure in giving yon all of the information and assistance at ' our command. For tickets, sleeping car reservations etc, call on, telegraph or writ E. T. Campion, Agent, Wallowa. r WM. McMURRT, . aoknt. Portland, "7on. Smoke th Advertiser sad bo happy.