THE NEWS RECORD
An independent .newspaper
Formerly the Wallowa News, estab
lished .March 3. 1899.
Published Wednesdays and Satur
days at Enterprise, Oregon, by
THE ENTERPRISE PRESS
Office East side Court House Square
Entered as second-class matter
January 2, 1909, at the postoffice at
Enterprise. Oregon, under the Act of
March 3, 1S79.
Subscription Kates; One year $2,
six months $1, three months i0c,
one month 20c. On yearly cash-ln-advance
subscriptions a discount of
25c is given.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1909.
A Curious Needle.
A curious needle was once In the
possession of Queen Vletoriii. It was
made at the celebrated needle factory
at Itedditcu and represents the column
of Trajuu in miniature.
This Itotniiu column is ndorned with
numerous scenes in sculpture, and ou
the needle (which was presented to the
queen on her visit to the famous fac
tory lu December. 18(!4i scenes In her
life are presented in relief, but so
small that it requires a powerful mag
nifying glass to see them clearly.
This "Vlctorlu" needle cun, more
over, be opened and contains a number
of needles of smaller sl.e, which are
also adorned with scenes In relief.
London Spare Moments.
One day a distinguished notary
while breakfasting with a friend at a
cafe in Paris Indulged In some sting
ing comments on the public acts of
Marshal Marmont. Suddenly another
gentleman, dining at another table,
arose and approached I hem. his mus
tache bristling with linger.
"Sir," cried he tragically, "you shall
give me satisfaction:"
"Are you Marshal Murmont?" quiet
ly asked the notary.
"I have uot that honor," wus the In
dignant reply, "but 1 am his chief uid-de-cump."
"Give me your card, then, sir," said
the notury. "1 will send you my head
Perhaps the most Interesting of Eng
lish trials for witchcraft wns that of
tbo Suffolk witches In NMlfi. for Sir
Muttbew Unle was the judge, and Sir
Thomas Browne appeared us an ex
pert medical witness. The two pris
oners were accused of bewitching
youug children, a great point for the
prosecution being that out of the blan
ket of un infant suckled by one of
them n great toad had fallen and ex
ploded in the iire like gunpowder. Im
mediately after the witch was found
at homo scorched and maimed, lu
spite of unsatisfactory evidence, the
two were convicted, whereupon the
children's health at once began to Im
prove. London Times.
Evil Effects of Shoes.
Wi.'ta the Increase of protection the
leet have become weaker from con
finement and to n considerable extent
have lost their natural elasticity and
mobility. Their ventilation and circu
lation are also Interfered with. More
over, certain deformities and painful
affections have become so common
from unhygienic footwear and from
too prolonged standing that the Idea
Is prevalent that all feet are more or
less ugly, painful and helpless. Kveu
the Idea of the natural shape of the
foot Is lost, and a false standard of
shape, having as Its basts the conven
tional shape of the shoe, has to a cer
tain exteut taken Its plnee.-Henry
Ling Taylor tn (Jood Ilousekeei lug.
The Jarndyce Case.
The Jarndyce case In "Itleak House"
was based ou fact. It was actually
the famous Dye-Sombre case. A
Frencb adventurer In the eighteenth
century married begum of Onde mid
acquired enormous wealth. I think It
was be who built the Man I mere at
Agra, ho famous In the Indian mutiny,
and miles of other beautiful buildings
of mud and chumim. Mow hi? affairs
after dentil got Into chancery I don't
know, but the fact remains that every
scrap of his wealth dissolved tn the
litigation. While it lasted members of
the contesting families were cared for.
and dwemfunts are today holding
commissions In the English nrmy and
other reputable positions. New Vork
Not to Be Balked.
The Lawyer The precedents ore
gainst you, madam.
The Lady-Well, sue them too.
Kills Her Foe of 20 Years.
"The most merciless enemy 1 had
for 20 years," declares Mrs, James
Duncan, of Haynosvlllo, Me., "was
Dyspepsia. I suffered Intensely after
eating or drlnkng and could scarcely
leep. After many remedies had
failed and aoveral doctors gave mo
up. I tried Electric Hitters, which
cured me completely. Now I can eat
anything. I am ?0 years old and nm
overjoyed to get my health and
trength back gain." For Indigestion,
Loss of Appetite. Kidney Trouble,
Lama Back. Female Complaints, its
unequalled. Only 50c at Burnaugh
Wayfleld'i. . .. , .xjL.lJ
j The Conquest
v rv a .m
By Dr. Frederick A. Cook
CopvriM. 1909, by the New York
HeraM Company, Registered In
Canada In Accordance With Copy.
riht Act. Copyright In Mex
ico Under Laws of the Republic
of Mexico. All Rights Rrv .
e e e e e e e e e e e
WITH a hasty farewell to Mr.
Bradley and the officers and
encouraged with a cheei
from ell on board, we left'
the motherly yncht for our new home
and m'sslon. The yecbt stood off to
nvold drifting Ice and awult the re
turn of the motorboat.
When we were set nsbore we sat
lo"'P and watched with saddened eyes
the departure of our frlend3 and the
severing of the bond which bad held
us to the known world of life and
The village of Annootok Is placed In
n small buy Just Inside of Cope Ingle
lield. Its population changes much
from year to year, according to the
known luck of the chase or the ambi
tion of the meu to obtain new bear
Scattered about It were twelve seal
skin tents, which served ns a summer
shelter for nn equal number of vigor
ous families. In other places nearer
the sea were seven stone igloos. Upon
these the work of reconstruction for
winter shelter had already begun.
"kikyi.M'i'ivHrw rnrt yew mum wr-srzr miwi arsmvm
THE MIDNIGHT SUN
In the Immediate vicinity there were
soino turf and moss, but everywhere
else wlth'n n few bundled feet of the
sea the land rose abruptly in steep
slopes of barren rock.
To the westward across Smith
sound In n blue haze were seen Cape
Sabine, Bache peninsula and some of
the land beyond which we hoped to
cross In our prospective venture.
The construction of a winter house
and workshop called for Immediate at
tention nfter the wind subsided. Men,
women and children offered strong
bands to gather the stones strewn
along the shore.
When the cargo Is packed in this
manner the things con be quickly
tossed on deck uud transported to
Hunting lee or land. Later it is possi
ble, with packing boxes of uniform
size ns building material, to erect effi
cient shelter wherein tho calamities
of arctic disaster cuu be avoided.
Building Winter Quarters.
This precuutiou against ultimate mis
hap now served a very useful purpose,
inclosing a space 13 by 10 feet, the
i-uses were quickly piled In. The walls
were held together by strips of wood
or the Joints sealed with pusted paper
with the addition of a few long boards.
A really good roof was made by
using tho covers of the boxes ns shin
gles. A blanket of tnrf over this con
fined the heat and permitted at the
same time healthful circulation of nlr.
Wo slept under our own roof at the
end of the first day, ami our new house
had tho very great advantage of con
taining within its walls nil our posses
sions within easy reach at all times.
As the whiter ndvauced with i'.a
stormy ferocity and frightful dnrkuess
it was not necessary to venture out
uud Ilg up supplies from great depths
of snowdrift. Meat and blubber were
stored tn large quantities about the
Much Work In Siflht.
But our expedition was In need of
skins and furs. Furthermore, as men
engaged for the northern venture would
be away during tho spring months, the
best bunting season of tho yeor, it was
necessary to make provision for bouse
needs Inter. There was therefore much
work before us, for we bad not only to
prepare our eqiilpiueiit, but to provide
for the families of the workers.
In the polar cycle of tbo seasons
there are peculiar conditions which ap
ply to circumstances and movements.
As the word seasons Is ordinarily un
derstood there are but two, a winter
season and n summer season a winter
season of nine months and a summer
of three months.
But for more convenient division of
the yearly periods It Is liest to retain
the usual cycle of four seasons. Eski
mos call the winter ooklah, which also
means year, and the summer onsah.
Days are "sleeps." The months are
of the Pole
4 ww m aft
Harvesting Food and
Fuel For the Polar Trip.
Narwhal Hunting &n
t (THIRD ARTICLE
moons, and the periods are named in
accord with the movements of various
creatures of the chase.
In early September at Annootok the
Rim dips considerably under the north
em horizon. There Is no nigbt. it
sunset and at sunrise storm clouds
hide the bursts of color which are the
glory of twilight, and the electric after
glow Is generally lost In the dull gray
which bespeaks the torment of the
storms of the setting sun.
The gloom of the coming winter
night now thickens. The splendor of
the summer day has gone. A day of
six months and a night of sis months
are often ascribed to the polar regions
us a whole, but this Is only true of a
very small area about the pole.
As we come south the sun slips un
der the horizon for an ever Increasing
part of each twenty-four hours. Pre
ceding and following the night as we
come from the pole there la a period
of day and night which lengthens wltb
the descent of latitude.
It Is this period which enables us to
retain the names of the usual seasons
summer for the double days, fall for
the. period of the setting suu. This
season begins when the sun first dips
IN THE AECTIC.
under the Ice at midnight for a few
The Arctio Night.
Those moments Increase rapidly, yet
one hurdly appreciates that the sun Is
departing until day and night are of
equal length, for the nlcht remains
light, though not cheerful. Then the
day raptuiy shortens and darkens, and
the sun sinks until at least there is
but a mere glimmer of the glory of
Winter Is limited to tho long night,
and sprlug npplles to the dava of tho
rlslug nun, a period corresponding to
(ue uuiunin (toys or the setting sun.
At Annootok the midnight sun Is first
seen over the sea horizon on April 23.
It dips lu the sea on Aug. 19. It thus
encircles the horizon, giving summer
and continuous day for 118 dnva it
sets at midday on Oct. 24 and Is ab
sent a period of prolonged night cor
responding to the day and rises on
Harvesting Food and Fuel.
Then follow the eye opening days of
spring. In the fall, when the hurmon
king influence of the sun Is withdrawn,
there begins a battle of the elements
which continues its smoky agitation
until stilled by the hopeless frost of
At this time, though field work was
painful, the needs of our venture forced
us to persistent action In the chase of
walrus, seal, narwhal and white whale.
We harvested food and fueL
Before winter Ice spread over the
hunting grounds ptarmigan, hare and
reindeer were sought to supply the ta
ble during the long night with delica
cies, while bear and fox pleased the
palates of the Eskimos and their pelts
Many long Journeys were made to se
cure an Important supply of grasa to
pad boots and mittens and also to se
cure moss, which serves as wick for
the Eskimo lump. The mouths of Sep
tember and October were Indeed im
portant periods of anxious seeking for
Aid From the Eskimos,
There was a complex activity sud
denly stimulated along the Greenland
coast which did not require general su
pervision. The Eskimos knew what
was required without a word from us
and knew better than we did where to
find the things worth while. Ad out
line of the polar campaign waa sent
from village to village, with 'a few
Each local group of natives was to
fill au Important duty and bring to
gether the tremendous amount of ma
terial required for our house and sled
equipment. Each Eskimo village has,
is a rule, certain game advantages.
In some places foxes and hares were
abundant Their skins were In great
demand for coats and stockings, and
a wrrmn m i
Eskimos must not only gather the
greatest number possible, but must
prepare the skins and make them into
proorrly fitting garments.
In jther places reindeer were abun
dant. This skin wns very much in
demand for sleeping bags, while the
sinew was required for thread. Jn
still other places seal was the luck of
the chase, and its skin was one of our
most important needs. Of It boots
were ordered, and an Immense amount
of line and lashings was prepared.
Thus In one way or another every
man. woman and most of the children
of this tribe of 250 people were kept
busy In the service of the exped'tlon.
The work was well done and with
much better knowledge of the fitness
of things than could be done by any
possible gathering of white men.
Use o the Narwhal.
The quest of the walrus and the nar
whal came In our own Immediate plan
of adventure. The unicorn, or nar
whal, does not o'ten 'come under the
eye of the white man, though one of
the first animals to leave our shores.
It gave for a brief spell good results
In sport and useful material. The
blubber Is the pride of every house
keeper, for It gives a long, hot flame
to the lamp, with no smoke to spot
the igloo finery. The skin (s regarded
as quite a delicacy. Cut into squares.
It looks and tastes like scallops, with
only a slight nroma of train oil.
The meat dries easily and Is thus
prized as en appetizer or as a lunch'
to be eaten en route In sled or kayak.
In this shape It was an extremely use
ful thing for us, for It took the place
of pemmlcan for our less urgent Jour
neys. The narwhal, which, apart from Its
usefulness. Is most Interesting to den
Jzens of the trctlc deep,, plnyed In
schools far off shore, nsunlly along the
edge of large Ice., Its long ivory tusks
rose under spouts of breath mid spray.
When this glad sight was noted every
kayak about camp was manned, and
the Eskimos' skin canoes went like
birds over the water. Some of the
Eskimos rose to the ice fields nnd de
livered harpoons from a secure foot
ing. Others hid behind floating frag
ments of heavy Ice and made a sudden
rush as the nnlmals passed.
Still others came up In the rear, for
the narwhal cannot easily see back
ward and does not often turn to watch
its enemies, Its speed being so fast
that it can easily keep ahead of other
Hunting the Narwhal.
The harpoon Is always delivered at
close range. When the dragging float
marked the end of the line in tow of
the frightened creature the line of
skin canoes followed. The narwhal is
timid by nature. Fearing to rise for
breath, he plunged along until nearly
strangulated. When it did come up
there were several Eskimos near with
drawn lances, which inflicted deep
Again the narwhal plunged deep
down with but one breath and hurried
nlong as best It could. But its speed
slackened, and a line of crimson mark
ed Its hidden path. Loss of blood and
want of air did not give it a chance
to fight. Again it came up with a
spout; again the lances were burled.
The battle continued for several
hours, with many exciting adventures,
but In the end the narwhal always suc
cumbed, offering a prize of several
thousand pounds of meat and blubber.
Victory, as a rule, was not gained until
the hunters were far from home, also
far from the shore line. But the Es
kimo Is a courageous hunter and an
Towing the Carcass.
To the huge carcass frail kayaks
were hitched in a long line. Towing
Is slow, wind and sea combining to
make tho task difficult and dangerous.
DR. COOK IX AKOI lO COST cut
One sees nothlnff of the narwhal nnd
very little of the kayak, for dashing
sens wash over tbo little craft, but the
double bladed paddles seesaw with the
regularity of a pendulum.'
Homecoming takes many hours and
engeuders a prodigious amount of hard
work, but there Is energy to spare, for
a wealth of meat and fat Is tho cul
mination of all Eskimo ambition.
Seven of these ponderous animals
were brought In during five days,
making a heap of more than 40.000
liounds of food and fuel. Then the
narwhals suddenly disappeared, and
we saw no more of them.
Three white whales were also tbtaln
ed in a similar way at Etaa it about
the same time
(Continued next week.)
V A '
J. D. WALCK
Real Estate Dealer
Mitchell Hotel Block JOSEPH. OREGON
To the Citizens of Wallowa County:
It is our purpose to handle any business
entrusted to us in such a fair and liberal
manner as to maKe the customer's rela
tion with this banh" satisfactory and
profitable. II Aside from our excellent
facilities, this bank has the advantage of
a large capital and substantial list of
stockholders. It is also a State Deposi
tory. If j'ou are not a customer we
invite you to become one.
Stockgrowers and Farmers National Bank
MAIL AND PASSENGER 1
STAGE LINE j
Wallowa. Appleton, Flora to Paradise,
MONDAYS WEDNESDAYS and FRIDAYS; and j
From Paradise, Flora and Appleton to Wallowa, I
TUESDAYS. THURSDAYS and SATURDAYS
Good accommodations, courteous treatment and reasonable rates.
Leaves Wallowa at 6 a. m.
E. W. SOUTHWIHK. Prnnripfnr
Pacific Horse Liniment is prepared
expressly for the needs n. mrpmfn and
i ranrhiurrt If la nnaforful mA
9 Jrating liniment, a remedy tor emergen.
u rlnQ A Cnnthinrr amhrnratinn In ka
relief of pain, and the best liniment lor
sprains and soreness. Unequaled for
curing the wounds and injuries of
BARBED WIRE and for healing cuts,
abrasions, sores and bruises. Pacific
Horse Liniment is fully guaranteed.
No olber is so good or helpful in so many
ways. If it fails to satisfy, we authorize
all dealers to refund the purchase price.
ixtm iaroi aoTTita rim ctm
Hovt Chemical Co., portund, ol
BOOKLET tfW38B3 FREB
For Sale By
BURNAUGH & MAYFIELD
Sha Liked Silk Hosiery.
Susan B. Antbony was a woman of
simple taste in dress, but ber close
friends knew of one pretty feminine
vnulty tbnt she always beld to. Sbe
had a weakness for silk stockings. Be
lli pressed on one occasion for an ex
planation of what most women at one
time regarded as an unnecessary ex
travagance, she laughingly exclaimed:
"Oh. 1 just love 'em: They are an in
spiration. If I have ray silk stockings
on wheu I rise to make nn address I
feel Just as If I am walking among
the clouds. They help me to soar
away ou flights of eloquence. I
wouldn't be without tbem."
Just the Thing.
The poet took his silver mounted
pistol from the bureau drawer.
"What are you solng to do with
that?" asked his timid wife.
"I'm going to use it to drive the wolf
from the door," he answered.
Ten minutes later the pawnbroker
had advanced $2 on It-Chicago News.
Headed Him Off.
He Tou know. Clara, about the dia
mond engiiHement ring I want to give
you. diamonds have gone up so She
Oh, you dear boy! How sweet of
you to want to make sacrlBces to
prove your love.-Baltlmore American.
Wifey I remember the night you
proposed to me I bent nay head and
said nothing. Hub (comfortinglyi-1
know It worries you. dear; but never
mind -you've made up for It since.
A man should stand erect, not be
ept erect by othrs.-Marcus Aurellus.
"My dear." says the cigar manufac
turer to bis wife, "while It would be
very pleasing to you to have a Paris
gown, have you stopped to think of
the criticisms and tests such a nm.
cedure would Insure from my competi
tors? it would hurt my business,
"Nonsense! How could . UT asks
"Why. tbey would point me out as
the man who didn't know the busi
ness any better than to allow a do
mestic filler to be put Into an Imported
ment New and Elegant
UuDsaker d Taylors
Same low prices that save money
fr every customer and accounts
for our rapidly increasing; trade.
National Sewing Machine Co,
rnlxnnnu flsh are rare here, but
common In the tmpl'n. a Japanese
flh, fngu, has deadly poisonous rw.
Uh of pike and meat of atumeona are
poisonous when spawning. The bile
and liver of many Osb are poison. But
most flb polsou la due to decay.
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