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I I How a Famous Duelist Gave Up the Practice. By F. A. MITCH EL. Copyright, 1910, by American Press Asso ciation. Count Andreas Mennerzek, a Hunga rian who had fought many duels, aft er having safely come out of his fif teenth encounter determined to retire from the field. On doing this he re- solved to give a Danquet to tnose only the glances east at It by the revelers, who could prove that they had partici- When the hands were near the hour pated in at least five duels. Selecting of 12 every face was turned toward three of his friends, all of whom were the door at which the guest would entitled under the condition to an in- enter. The count, who sat facing the citation, he asked them to examine entrance, gave an1 order that the door the credentials of those who claimed should be unlocked. This was done, the right to be present. and the conversation gradually drop As I have said, the count proposed to ped off until the clock Btruck 12, when retire after his fifteenth encounter, it ceased entirely. Some said that at his twelfth he had shown a lack of nerve, which was re- peater and grew upon him in his sub- sequent encounters, and that the rea son" why he intended to retire wa that be dare not continue in the field. His twelfth meeting was with a mere boy barely eighteen years old. The chal lenge was sent with a statement that the count had killed the challenger's brother. Whether it was the youth of BVEBT MAN BOS ft. this his twelfth adversary or' the cir cumstance of that adversary's fighting to avenge bis brother or some super stition no one. knew, but Mennerzek showed an extreme distaste for killing the boy, intending to pink blni. But the youth fought so desperately that the count -was finally obliged to run him through to save bis own life. The youth did not die, but it was said that he would never recover from his wound. Ail these facts and encounters were the talk of Vienna, and never was there so much interest manifested in any function as "the Immortal's" ban quet celebrating his retirement from the field lu which he had so long held the most conspicuous place. For two months the committee examined cre dentials. Among the applicants was one woman. She had been out only once, but claimed that for a woman to fight a duel with a man was equivalent to the record of "the. immortal" him self. She declined to appear before the committee, but sent a certificate of a physician who had attended her been wounded. The committee, all of whom were gallant gentlemen, unanl- mously voted to admit the applicant When the evening for the banquet arrived Count Mennerzek received his guests in an anteroom cuwlu with the banauet ball. He looked about as if for some one and said: "But I have been told that I am to entertain a lady. 1 don't see her." "She wrote, count," said one of the Invitation committee, "that since a woman would be out of place among so many men she would merely ap pear for a few minutes after coffee la served." The host led the way Into the ban quet room and stood at his seat at the head of the table flanked by a man on his right who had fought the next greatest number of duels thirteen and on his left by one who had fought the next number eleven. The others were arranged In accordance with their records; One seat was not oc cupied that at the end or the tame opposite the count It was reserved ror the lady. For three honrs there was the hum of conversation, naturally about the encounters of the conversers. while the popping of corks represented tnose contests wherein pistols or rines uau been nsed." In several cases men met men who had been adversaries, it was singular to hear them diffusa In friendly way combats In which tney had tried to kill each other. Then tnere were tnose wuu uau i'6" had never been reconciled, uespite the Injunction of the bost that every man should be every other mans friend some of these glared at one an- other as though they would like to go out again and settle their quarreL une couple attempted to leave tne room for such a purpose, but found them- selves locked ln. Tbo count naa rore- seen that the meeting of so many men who had so often fought might Kindle anew some smoldering name ana naa taken the necessary precautions. Coffee had been brought on and had been drunk and still the one guest tn whom was xeit sooro wieresi man In ail the rest together did not appear. Mennerzek, whose spirits were at the highest, called out to the commlttee- man who hud told him the lady would Join them at coffee to know why she did not appear. "1 told her, count." was the reply, "that I could not name the exact time coffee would be served, but I thought it would be at 12 o'clock. She will be here at that hour." There was something In this fight lng woman connected with the witch ing hour of night that added to the zest of her expected entrance. A clock resting on a mantel over a broad fire- place marked the hour, and many were A few minutes after 12 the door was thrown open by a servant, and the lady stepped Into the apartment Every man rose. The woman who was entitled to a place among these duelists w;as about twenty-five years old, of medium height, a willowy figure and very dark hair and eyes. She wore a cloak, which she handed to the servant who had admitted her. It was evident thai she had been beatitiful and that her beauty had been lost by sorrow, for her face bore unmistakable signs of having suffered. She advanced to the vacant chair at the end of the table opposite the host, and as she seated Tierself the others resumed their chairs, Meanwhile the expression the Kniltit's tnna I and eager curiosity. He was the first- naturally the first since he was the last to speak. "Your face is familiar to me, madam. May I ask where I have met you?" The answer came icy cold: "On the field. It's to my encounter with you that I am entitled to the honor of a place among you here." "Fnrdon me; I have never fought a woman." "You fought one you thought to be a beardless boy. I was that boy." The count started. A slight pallor overspread his face. The woman con tinued: "The duel you fought before that count, was with my husband the day after onr marriage. I offered my for tune to any man who would kill you. One tried to oblige me, but lost his life in doing so. Then I felt that it was my own time to act Personating the brother of this man who tried to avenge me, I challenged you and was carried off the field, as it was sup posed, mortally wounded." There was a pause. The clock on the mantel ticked loudly in the other wise silent room. Then the woman continued: 'As you see, I recovered. I was plan nlng further effort to punish you for your many crimes when I heard that you were about to retire from the duel lng field. I secured an Invitation here I in oraer mat you mignt grace your re- tlrement with one more victim. I have a proposition." . The count continued to stare at his nnlv wnmnn mipftf hilt rtlil nnt- snonlr I "Gentlemen," continued the lady, "1 have no formal challenge for our host. I simply request that we be furnished with pistols and that some one of your number will give us a signal. We can do so as we sit and with a large num ber of expert witnesses to see f?lr play." No one spoke for a few moments; then the man on the host's right said: "Gentlemen, you hear the lady's prop osltlon. It seems to me that we are iu honor bound to accord her the oppor- 8ents to her terms.". i will not fight a .woman," said the count, almost with a groan. y0u thall fight a woman." said the ia(jyi "or I will post you as a coward ail over tne capital. " All lnnkixl tnwm-rt tho onnnt If seemed that he read the hand of fate in the coming of this woman whose Ufa Iia hnA wmch n1 TTa ant Invion. lute, as if trvlnor to make lin his mind wbat to do. whether to sacrifice ber or uiinseu. J.uere were too many wu nesses for him to act any other part than that of a man. He could not kill a woman before them, especially one be had so injured. If be did not kill her she would kill him. lie must ac cept one or the other of these alterna tlves. "Come, count," sold his friend on his rhrbt. "what is your decision?" "Bring the pistols," he replied in a scarcely audible voice. A smile of triumph lighted the face or his adversary. QDg or tne guests who was to stand as second -In an affair to come off In . te early morning had a case of duel jng pistols within reach. They were brought The count appointed one of nla puests to act for him, and the lady appointed another to act for ber. gU(; gucn action was superfluous. rhe count knew that he was doomed tn n mattered not whether he was or waa not Droperl v served. As for ladyt 8he cared not for her. life proviaeu sne coma am me man wno nnd gIatn ner husband almost at the yery bridal. Tne pistols having been examined. one wag banded to the count the otner t0 tne lady. One of the guests j,, tTOm chair, holding a hand kerchief in bis hand. .Are yotI ready?" be asked. "Ready." said the lady In a Ann ee. The connt f8Te tne speaker a look t0 signify that be was ready. Tlie handkerchief fluttered to the table. A single shot rang out Ths connt fejj deaa- ju, veapsn had not been discharged. Why the Present Cost of Living Is High, JB SB By Various Authorities 0 & By JAMES WILSON, Secretary of Agri culture. c HAT prices are higher now than ever before is certain. The American standard of living is HIGHER THAN THAT OF ANY OTHER COUNTRY ON THE GLOBE, and that is one of the rea sons why food prices have been forced up to such an extent. Too many are engaged in the business of distri bution. What we need is MORE FARMING. Too many persons are rushing to the cities, and not enough are stavinc ' m the C0UJ"ry A oo many are TRYING TO GET ALONG WITHOUT WORK, and not enough of them are in the business of producing something. ONE MAN COULD DO THE DIS TRIBUTING WHERE TWENTY ARE NOW ENGAGED IN IT. THAT 13 THE REASON WHY THE COST OF LIVING 13 HIGH AND EVERY ONE COMPLAINING. By Senator MOSES E. CLAPP of Minn' ota. CHE CO TH NEW TARIFF LAW HAS COST AND IS COSTING THE AMERICAN PEOPLE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN INCREA8ED COST OF LIVING. The thing STARTED WITH THE. TARIFF INCREASES AND IS GOING ALL ALONG THE LINE apparently. Raise the price of one necessity of life and the man who is com- pelled to pay that increased price must get more for what he has to 11 j v .. . 8eU ln order that M.may pay it; therefore it necessarily affects the nr;n ftf va nrnAnM Tr musteuner ajvji, ju&oq ntUJ!- TT OR ELSE RAISE HIS PRICE. t it By Profeiaor J. R. KENNEDY of Illinois Unlvenlty. HERE is no mystery about the increased cost of com modities. It is the result 0f perfectly NATURAL AND INEVITABLE CAUSES Food used to be cheap, largely , , , rru L,CV-U0,J WUB reaper. iuc I country is filling up, and the price nf larj t,,,.,,!!,, anA wi'th " v-..v I the cost of the food products it I produces I AS LAND COSTS MORE TODAY THAN FOR- MERLY, FOOD NATURALLY COSTS MORE. It is the same with ores. IT COST8 MORE TO FARM TO DAY THAN FORMERLY. IT COSTS MORE TO MINE ORES THAN TEN YEAR3 AGO. THIS MAY BE PROVED IN A HUNDRED WAYS. A3 A RESULT THE PRICES OF THE PRODUCTS OF THE FARMS AND OF THE MINE3 HAVE BEEN GRADUALLY RISING. St K By Senator JOSEPH L. BRISTOW of KanMa. 'HE increased cost of living due to a COMBINA- - TION OF A HUNDRED CAUSES. The chief is the tend- ency to COMBINATIONS OF MEN WHO CONTROL COM MODITIES and fix arbitrary prices on them. THE FARMER CANNOT COM BINE. THERE ARE TOO MANY OF HIM, AND HIS CIRCUM STANCES DO NOT LEND THEM SELVES TO COMBINATION. THE INFLUENCES TnAT COME BETWEEN THE FARM ERS AND THE CONSUMER re responsible for that By Senator W1LUAM E. BORAH of Idaho. z JiAl nign prices are world- wide is conceded. That it is true of articles affected by the tariff and articles upon the free list is easily proved. It must, in my judgment, be considered as due to a MULTITUDE OF CAUSES. We seem to be approaching a time when we shall be importing food products, and this i3 due to the failure tn FFTCTTT T7T? atvjt tne iauure to I" 1K11L1Z,.L AJND KEEP UP THE PRODUCING POWER of our lands and the failure to utilize the 25,000,000 acres of arid lands of the west. No doubt the TRUSTS OR COMBINATIONS have had an unfavorable effect upon prices. They have not only manipulated prices, but by reason of these ma nipulations and by reason of their controlling the market they have discouraged live stock producers, many of whom have gone out of business, while others have de creased their flocks and herds, t By Senator CHARLES DICK of Ohio. HE present TARIFF LAW HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH THE. INCREASE in the price of commodities or the cost of living. We cut the tariff on lumber in two, but we are not getting it any cheaper. What we took off the Cana dian product is added to the price, and we are not benefiting any. We put hides on the free list, but shoes have not be come cheaper. The tariff on sug ar was reduced 20 per cent, but the price of sugar is no less, and the sugar trust is putting the differ ence into its pocket. Three things are to blame for the increase in the cost of living the INCREASED PRODUC TION OF GOLD, which has rais ed the price of staple products ; the great INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM THE COUNTRY INTO THE CITIES, making the de mand for food products greater than the supply, and general EX TRAVAGANCE IN LIVING. t t By BYRON W. HOLT. Vice President of the American Auoclatlon for the Ad' vaneement of Science. ANY explanations, MOST LY FOOLISH AND IN CONSISTENT, of the cause of high prices are given to us. They tell us in scholarly lan guage that the real causes of rising prices are monopolies and trusts, the tariff, the growing scarcity of land, the laziness and indifference of farmers, speculation, corrup tion, high freight rates, population outrunning production, too many people in cities, cold storage, less ening supply, rising land values. pure, food laws, labor unions, the greediness of "middlemen," auto mobiles, hookworms, etc. All advances in prices when con fined to particular commodities or to particular localities or countries could perhaps be explained in or dinary ways. But no such expla nation will answer for a world wide rise of the general price leve' such as has been occurring during the last twelve or thirteen years, THERE IS AND CAN BE BUT ONE CAUSE FOR SUCH AN AO VANCE NAMELY, A DEPRECIAT ING MONEY UNIT OR STANDARD OF VALUE. V3S Count the Timet Horse Roll. To see a horse when out at pasture rolling on the ground and endeavoring to turn over on his back is a common sight but how many people have no ticed that in doing this he observes an invariable rule? The rule is that he always rolls over either at the first or third attempt never at the second and more than three attempts are never made. In other words, if the horse succeeds in rolling over at the first try, well and good that satisfies him. But if the first attempt is a fail ure the second one always is. Then he either rolls quite over at the third or gives It up. He never makes fourth. If horses are rolling on slop ing ground they usually roll uphill. Thla la noo- ..I.... .1 the strange custom - regulating the number of attempts. As to this no adequate reason has ever been offered. Will those ingenious people who tell us why a dog turns around before lying down and why ducks walk behind each other In a string instead of abreast explain why a horse never makes four attempts to roll over and never succeeds at the second? Ex change. Disease of Fear. If you are afflicted with an unreason able fear of anything do not waste ! tlme belng ashamed of hurry at once t0 a doctor advlsM ft wrUer In Success Magazine. A writer ln the ! Dlete,t1,CJ an Hygienic Gaxette has evComplled a list of fear diseases from : which it appears that everything, from screaming at mice to being afraid to go home in the dark, Is a well recog nized mental ailment. The tramp is in reality a sufferer from ergophobla, or fear of work, often complicated with aquaphobla and sapophobia, which make him shun the bathtub. Slderophobla and astrophobla cause timid ladles to go Into the closet when it thunders and lightens. Any number of people have cat and dog phobias. Phantophobia is what you would have if you were afraid of your shadow, while an all around unqualified cow ard might be called a pbantophoblac. The list is long and Includes every human weakness except the actress' horror of publicity. A Useful Peat. Despite the fact that the spider, next to the mouse, is most violently stimu lating to feminine sensitiveness, it is an insect of a very good character. It feeds exclusively upon other freshly killed Insects, and they are the kliidn denounced by sanitary authorities, the housefly being Its favorite quarry. His service iu reducing the numbers of this pest is considerable, because the spider is always busy, and be is present in countless numbers, says Leslie's Weekly. The reason why he is not more frequently seen Is that he is retiring ln his habits and shuns hu man society quite as much as that shuns him. He seldom bites anything but food, and even when ln self de fense he does assert himself the result is no worse than a mosquito bite or a bee sting. The touching story of "The Spider and the Fly" was evidently in tended to invite sympathy for the fly. . Buttered Side Up. One of the stories which Levi Hutch- ins, the old time clockmnker of Con cord, N. H., delighted to tell related to the youth of Daniel Webster. One day," said the old man, "while I was taking breakfast at the tavern kept by Dauiol's father, Daniel and bis brother Ezeklel, who were little boys with dirty faces and snarly hair, came to the table and asked me for bread and butter. I complied, with their re quest, little thinking that they would become very distinguished men. Dan iel dropped his piece of bread on the sandy floor, and the buttered side, of course, was down. He looked at it a moment, then picked it up and showed it to me, saying: "'What a pity! Please give me a piece of bread buttered on both sides; then- if I let It fall one of the buttered sides will be up.' " Comets of the Paet Century. During the nineteenth century 235 new comets were discovered as against sixty-two ln the eighteenth century. The nineteenth century also beheld a greater number of large and brilliant comets than did its predecessor. The finest of these were the comets of 1811, 1843, 1858, 1881 and 1882. In the year 1800 only one periodical comet was known, Halley's. Now many are known, of which at least seventeen have been seen at more than one r turn to perihelion. Alabama's Capitals. When Alabama was a territory Us capital was at St Stepheus, ln Wash lngton county. The convention that framed the constitution under which It was admitted . Into the Union was held ln Huntsvllle, where the first leg- Lslature met ln October, 1810, and the first governor was inaugurated. Caha ba becamo the seat of government ln 1820. In 1825 the capital was removed to Tuscaloosa, and In 1840 it was again removed, this time to Montgomery. Didn't Want to See Much. "What are you wearing that mono cle for?" asked the theatrical man ager. "Ton paid to see the show?" "Yes," replied the young man, "but I can see all I want of this show with the monocle." Yonkers Statesman. Cauetlo. Baplelgh The doctor says there's something the matter with my head. Sharp You surely didn't pay a doctor to tell you that! Boston Transcript. How Good Hs Was, George Do you think fm good enough for you, darling? Darling No, George, but you're too good for any other girl. Illustrated Bits. II 1 !!! M l 1 I KMBBBB A Bernard 8haw Criticism. Before fame came to him Bernard Shaw wrote dramatic criticisms for the London Saturday Review. The following sample is characteristic of the man: "I am ln a somewhat foolish posi tion concerning a play at the Opera Comlque, whither I was bidden this day week. For some reason I was not supplied with a program, so that I never learned the name of the play. At the end of the second act the play had advanced about as far as an or dinary dramatist would have brought it five minutes after the first rising of the curtain or, say, as far as Ibsen would have brought It ten years be fore that event Taking advantage of the second interval to stroll out Into the Strand for a little exercise, I un fortunately forgot all about my busi ness and actually reached home before It occurred to me that I had not seen the end of the play. Under these cir cumstances it would ill become me to dogmatize on the merits of the work or Its performance. I can only offer the management my apologies." Every body's. An Obliging Father. A man who grew rich bad a son of whom he disapproved, and when the son was married against the father's wishes the father made him an allow ance of $20 a week and said that was all he could have. Awhile later he was discussing the matter with a friend of his pioneer days. "Do you think $20 a week is enough for the boy?" he asked. "Well," replied the friend Judicially. 'I don't know about that." "It's a darn sight more than we had when we started ln," argued the fa ther. "Perhaps it is," said the friend, "but you must remember that times have changed. We used to dig clams for our dinner." "By George," said the father, "I guess I have been too severe with him! I'll be kinder ln the future. I'll buy him a spade and show him where the clams are." Exchange. His Conciliatory Way. Mr. and Mrs. Pickaway, although really fond of each other, had frequent quarrels owing no doubt to Infirmities of temper on the part of both. Mr. Pickaway was telling his troubles to his elderly maiden aunt "I try to be as good a husband to Bertha as I know how to be," he said, "but we don't seem to get along. It takes so little to irritate her, and when she starts to scolding she never knows when to stop. She takes offense, too, at such little things." "Then don't Bay those little things, Joshua," said his aunt. "When she is cross you must try to be concilia tory." "I am conciliatory, Aunt Betty," he answered. "I often say to ber, 'Ber tha, I know the utter uselessness of trying to reason with you, but will you listen to me just a minute?' and she gets mad even at that" Youth's Companion. They Like Fat Qirls In Tunis. A Tunisian girl has no chance of marriage unless she tips the scale at 200 pounds, and to that end she com mences to fatten when she is fifteen years old. She takes aperients and eats a great deal of sweet stuff nnd leads a sedentary life to hasten the process. Up to fifteen she is very handsome, but at twenty what an Im mense, unwieldy mass of fat she be comes! She waddles, or, rather, undu lates, along the street. Her costume is very picturesque, especially If she be of the richer class. She Is clothed ln fine silks of resplendent hues of a bright red, yellow or green and wears a sort of conical shaped headdress, from which depends a loose white drapery. Turkish trousers and dainty slippers, the heels of which barely reach the middle of the feet, complete the cos tume. Evolution of the Apple. Apples are new in the economy of the world's use and taste. At the be ginning of the last century few varie ties were known, and we can go back in history to a time when all apples were little, sour and puckery crab ap ples and nothing else. The crab apple was and Is ln its wildness nothing but a rosebush. Away back in time the wild rose, with its pretty blossoms that turn to little red balls, apple fla vored, and the thorny crab had the same grandmother. A Curious Error. The Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale told bow a curious error crept into the translation of the Lord's Prayer into the Delaware Indian tongue. The Eng lish translator bad as an assistant an ' Indian who knew English. "What Is 'hallow' ba Delaware?" asked the trans lator. The Indlun thought be said "hal loo" and gave him the equivalent. Therefore the Delaware version of the Lord's Prayer reads, "Our Father, who art ln heaven, hallooed be thy name." As Corrected. "Tommy," said the teacher to a bright grammar class pupil, "correct the sentence 'I kissed Jennie two times.' " " 'I kissed Jennie three times,' " re plied Tommy proudly. Chicago News. His Ad. Answered. A man stopped at a newspaper office on bis way to the theater and placed an advertisement for a boy. Half an hour later one fell from the gallery Into bis lop. Simple. you keep "How sharp?" do your raaor ) Easy enough I bide It where my : wife can't find It" Cleveland Plain Dealer.