Newspaper Page Text
P07 Recncnri Bt- '
( J sj ..
THE HOME PAPER
DALLAS, OREGON, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1914
A GENERAL ROAD OVERSEER
Soma Things About tb New Road
Law Which is Causing Much
The new lnw passed by the legisla
tu re, which is now in effect, is causing
a great deal or talk among those who
have charge of the road work and the
The. following is an extract from a
letter written to County Judge John
B. Teal by Vine W. Pearce, County
Judge of Yamhill County, askhig for
an opinion of the best way to .pro
ceed with the work:
"After careful study of county
"form No. 13, (Supervisor's Monthly
Pay Roll) we are convinced that for
perhaps every county in the state with
the possible exception of Multnomah,
the provision requiring the signature
of each workman to the pay roll,
"and the later form of supervisor s re
ceipt book with which he takes re
ceipt of each laborer for warrant al
lowed by t the court, taken together,
are very troublesome and expensive,
and to our minds avail nothing. In
this connection we And that at the
end of the month, after completing
his pay roll, our supervisor must go
out and get the signature of each
employee before sending same to the
Court. Upon receiving the warrants
covering the pay roll, he must go out
and deliver the warrants to the em
ployees and take their receipts. Our
laborers are scattered over the dis
tricts and will not work for us if we
; require them to loose this time by
going to the supervisor on each oc
casion; in rnct it is getting to De a
serious pioblem to get sufficient la
bor, under the best) conditions we can
offer, to do our work. The getting
of the names on the pay roll and the
delivery of the warrants. Will each re
quire a days time of the supervisor,
nnd will, .therefore cost us $5.00 per
month for each road district in our
county. We have 39 road districts,
which will make an added expense of
$195.00 per month, which we should
not have to meet. ' '
Judge Teal has been advocating for
some time the apjwintment of a gen
eral road overseor to have charge
over all the roads of the county, all
the road work of the County .to be
done by the district overseers under
his directions, which would make
better and more uniform work of
roads in the county, as well as save
money to the taxpayer even under the
Under the new law with its red
" tape and monthly report, contract
work and receipts for work, etc., it
l.ecomes almost a necessity to hat! a
County Road Overseer, and he should
be a man who has had practical ex
erience in road building, and a man
of good business ability as well.
We have no doubt but that Polk
County has such a man, and that he
would under the new law, save the
county a good sum of money. ,
If the county has no General Road
Overseer all work let on contract will
require the expense of having the
County Surveyor on the job, as well
as requiring the District Overeeer to
visit the county seat monthly.
District Attorney Upjohn says that
the appointment of a County Road
Overseer to have charge of all roads
would greatly facilitate the work, and
that in his opinion many of the ob-
sticles of the new law would be more
easily eared for in this manner.
The Copnty Court meets tomorrow
and .we suppose that they will go over-
this matter very thoroughly and take
such action as will be for the best in
terest of Polk County.
: Polk County First.
The Oregonian has the following
to say about Polk County.
A Boys' and Girls' Industrial Club
was fully . organized in Pouk County
during the latter part of December
of last year. It is the first of the
kind in the state. .
Under the plan being worked out by
Superintendent Churchill, Polk Coun
ty is evidently taking the lead in this
matter, as it has been organizing clubs
since December 19. Each club has of
ficers, names and plans formed, ac
cording' to, the plait outlned by -'.Mr.
ChurehilL . .. .A '
Clubs have been organised lii Polk
County by County Superintendent H.
Ci Seymour and Supervisor L. V.
Macken as follows: Oakdale, Pio
neer, Broadinead, McTimmons Valley,
Smithfleld, Btlell, Harmony Butler,
Valley Junction, Gooseneck, ; -Red
Prairie, Enterprise, Orchards, Stiver,
Upper Salt Creek, Fairview, Ward,
Concord, Zena, Lincoln, Eola, Parker,
Lewisville, Mountainview, Spring Val
ley, Black Rock, North Dallas, Bttena
Vista, Airlie, Salt Creek, Bethel, West
Salem, Mqntgoineiy, Pedee, Fir
Grove, Cherry Grove, Maple Grove,
and many more districts will be or
ganized within the next few ' days,
and within two or three weeks eveiy
district in the county will have its
It is veir probable that all of the
ten projects as outlined by Superin
tendent Churchill will be worked out
in this county. The school children
of Polk County are imbued with the
spirit of maintaining this county's
reputation (is the "blue ribbon county
vallis to those desiring them. On
one side of the card was the following
Listed below are the O. A. C. bul
letins trenting the subjects of Dairy
ing and Hog Raising. To secure them
mark the ones desired and mail this
Hog and Field Pea Special.
Herd Record Keeping.
Feeding the Daily Cow,
Raising the Daily Calf. .
Farm Butter Making.
Care of Milk ami Cream.
Silo Construction and Silage Feed
Improving Oregon 's Dairy Herd.
Address .......... i . -.
A-Bupply of these cards were left
at the S. P. Depot, if you failed to
get one and a few were left at the
Observer office and you can get one
for the asking, or drop a postal to R.
D. Hetzel, Corvallis, telling him which
bulletins you desire and it will be
mailed to you free. i
Being in Dallas at the noon hour,
the visitors took dinner at the Gail
. Women to Beautify City.
Recently a meeting was held at
Monmouth and a Civic Club was or
ganized by the women to work with
the , Commercial Club in improving
the -appearance of the yards, streets
and alleys m ithat city. It was plan
ned that a; vacant lot near the depot
there be planted to a choice variety
of roses and.. otherwise made attrac
tive. ' - : " v.
The matter of parking is expected
to have the attention of the club,, as
some of that work has already been
done by persons in the residence dis
tricts. ' ''- r''- 'V 'V!.-t ? '
The public schools of Polk County
wiir observe-alfalfa week which will
begin March flth and end March 13th.
County Superintendent Seymour
will send literature pertaining to al
falfa as a soil food and as a forage
plant to all the teachers of the county.
The work will be done through .the
language lessons and all pupils will be
expected to participate from the first
grade up to the highest grade.
Dallas Was Ahead.
While several of our citizens were
enroute to Portland one day last week
a booster of McMinnville was telling
one of Dallas fair young ladies about
the new electric trains that city had
recently acquired and said don't you
wish that Dallas was up-to-date?
Our Dallas young lady replied you
may have the electric trains but we
have the gasoline motor trains and
that beats your electric, as our trains
leave a perfume at the station when
they leave and yours only a spark
The; grand jury bus made the fol
lowing indictments which will come
up for a hearing at the present term
of the Circuit Court.
Dick Gains indicted for running
pool rooms at Indeendeiice on Sun
Frank and Clifton Smith, for run
ning pool roo mon Sunday.
Delmer Hedgepath, statutory
charge, plea, not guilty, trial set
for Wednesday morning at 9.30.
Two Dallas boys- were indicted for
MID-YEAR COMMENCEMENT BEING HELD AT MONMOUTH NORMAL
BIG CROWD VIEW THE EXHIBIT
The Lectures Were Practical and the
Different Subjects Handled were
Given in an Able Manner.
Delightful Luncheon Served,
A very pleasant afternoon was
spent Thursday from two to five o'
clock at the home of Mrs. H. C. Sey
mour. Jnnior Superintendent Mrs. H. D.
McDonald and Primary Superinten
dent Mrs. Seymour entertained the
teachers of the elementary depart
ment of the Christian Bible School
and served them with a delicious
luncheon the table was .beautifully
decorated in white and green, thus
carrying out the color scheme of the
elementary department.. Coven were
laid for ten. Those present were
Messrs. H. G. Campbell, C. O. Turner.
L. Ramey, H. G. Black, J. Driseoll.
J. & Rabhie, E. E. Tribble, L L.
Smith, H. D. McDonald and H. C.
The demonstration train arrived in
Dallas on schedule time, and a big
crowd was at the depot to see that
"sanitary pig pen" and the 0. A. C.
daily on wheels.
It was estimated that over five
hundred people visited the train and
listened to some of the instructions.
Even the railroad officials visiting
our city weie forced by the crowd to
give talks, but they didn't seem to
know very much about how to care
for the cow and hog.
There has never been a time when
the development of these industries
were of more interest to the people
of Oregon. live hogs are commandng
the highest price irt history, while
there is a general shortage of meat
animals all along the line. Butter
fat is selling at an average of 33
cents per pound, but notwithstanding
that fact, Oregon is a large impdrter
Dr. Withycombe, who is at present
one of the persons mentoned fre
quently as a candidate for governor.
was here as one of the lecturers and
many of the. old residents of Dallas
know him well. It is needless to sav
that in his talk he never mentioned
politics and kept his remarke within
the subject handed.
The Dr. is a very pleasant gentle
man to meet and there is no doubt
but thai he is well versed on all farm
subjects. He called the hogs and
cows the mortgage lifters and added
that they would if properly handled
bring a broader smile to the already
jolly face of the prosperous farmer,
who had no mortgage.
Professors Hetzel, Graves, Potter
and Barr gave lectures on the differ
ent points of hog and dairy business.
They gave the fanner pointers on how
to pick out a good milker as well as
how to grow a good and saleable
The stock on exhibit was not of the
fancy kind but just ordinary stock
The good and bad points were
shown by those- in charge of the train
in a manner which could easily be un
The Southern Pacific Railway was
represented on this train in Dallas
by L. R. Fields, General Superinten
dent, accompanied by his secretary,
A. O. Reschke; H. A. Hinshaw, Gen
eral Freight Agent, and Mr. Dunn, bis
The S. P. in earrving this train
through the valley is helping the
farmer by bringing this kind of an
illustrated lecture where he can be
Professor Hetzel' gave away many
cards, addressed to himself at for-
ft) (3 (4) -' ) (6-
( yj fA V) A' I ft P
LXX fewtK! L;jJ JH k2l U-!
J 1 I I-y -1 A (
tivj iMtkjj L-jy&S LiCJ l.-zfegfr
WrH C ff
II Jl f II M I ' t - I ell
S. P. Relieved.
The following from the Salem Jour
nal shows how hard it is sometimes
for a railroad to live up to the re
quirements of law. It is easy to cor
rect some eiTors but this one although
small could not be corrected. .
The railroad commissioners have
just completed the investigation of a
very important bit of railroad law-
nessness. It seems that some time
ago the Southern Pacific accidentally
made a charge for freight handled
for W. G. Swan, of Lytle Lake, that
was G3 cents less than tiie schedule
called for. The company asked the
commisioners for permission to ig
nore the matter and let Mr. Swan
have the 63 cents. This the railroad
commissioners said would be against
the law, as the company must charge
every one alike and this would, if
permitted, be a rebate. The commis
sion and the S. P. then got busy trying
to locate Mr. Swan, but without being
able to do so. In this work some 1301
pages of correspondence accumulated,
making quite a bulky -record of the
company's and the commission's fu
tile efforts to locate Mr. Swan and
make him pay that 63 cents. However,
tu Swan had disappeared without
even singing his dying solig, and he
could not be located, although the
S. P. management was sitting up of
nights and working overtime in an
effort to get that 63 cents, and pre
venting its balancing its accounts, the
commission sapiently concluded that
if Mr. Swan cotvld not be found he
could not pay and so auhtorized the
Southern Pacific to erase the debit
from its books. Now Mr. Swan can
go hang for the railroad is judiciously
freed from all blame and responsibili
ty. The costs are assessed to the
state. . . , .'
PROMINENT HOP GROWER BE
LIEVES THAT THERE
IS SANGER OF OVERPRODUCING
Brewers Are Using Less and Acreage
is Yearly on the Increase.
DEMOCRATS AFRAID TO ADOPT
. MOON AMENDMENT ."
I Myrtle Muir, Portland; 2 Lulu
Wattcniiiirg, Burns) il lk'len Chnil
buiirne, Drain; 4 Irene Snere, ( 'ins
well; .") Ida Mack, Salem; If Lit-
Daniel, Monmouth; 7-i-ltit'Z
Kearn, Portland; 8 Gladys Cuisim,
Salem; !) Lulta Wilson, Salem; 111
Abigail Welch, Dairy, 11 Manic
Ayres, Benvertoii ; 12 Lelo Wover
lon, Monmouth; l.t (lain WhKcii
bunr. Bums; 14 Margaret Noilson,
Astoria; l.'i Laura Puree!!, Portland; Ki C'liironce Hesscltine,-Walla Walla; 17 Rctta Smith, Coburg; 18
Blanche Powell, Portland; 19 Amy Steinliergc, Monmouth; Kiitli 1 imm, Philomath; 21 Harriet Harris.,
Portland; 22 label Muldrick, Sale n; 2:1 Madge Thomas, - Monmouth; 24 Madeline Bettis, Coburg j '23
Henrietta Hoyser, Salem; 26 Lor-iine Johnson, Portland; 27 Olga Wood, Monmouth ; 28 F.llen Hayden, P
City Council Meeting.
The City Council met in regular
session Monday evening at the City
Hall with Mayor Van Orsdel presid
ing and all the members of the coun
An ordinance regulating skating
jinks was presented and read.
On motion the Btrcet commissioner
was instructed to connect the Giant
'A White livery barn, with the sewer.
. The city officers were instructed to
enforce the cigarette ordinance.
The following bills were allowed :
Lych & Hoffer $ l.'i
W. L. Soehren 1.00
City Transfer 4.00
Ed. F. Coad
Polk County Itemizer.
R. L. Chapman
Smith & Ellison
John R. Allgood
E. J. Himes
Geo. E. Cutler
Walter Davidson 3.0
Asa Perkins 2.00
John Norman 2.50
P. S. Greenwood 50.5.
John Shaw ai.0
O. P. Chase 60.00
N. Dornsine S.00
Chas. Oresory ; 67.!."
Walter Williams 8."
Ethel Williams 12.50.
W. G. Vassal! 82.!0
Salary Fire Department 40.00
Carnegie Library 250.00
WOMAN JURY ON CASE
First Trial in Polk -County Settled by
Ladies. . Miss Serr was Selected as
Constable J. 8. Ashbaugh held court
in the cuuit house Saturday before
The fact that a jury of women were
to dispense justice spread rapidly and
manv chairs were occupied before
court was called to order.
The' case for trial was Winnie Da
vidson vs. G. W. Pickett, to decide
The women soon rendered the ver
dict, it did not take them long to
make up their minds and. what is still
more to their credit, one of the lead
ing attorneys of Dallas (and he was
not interested in the case) told us
Report for January.
Children's lion fiction hooks loaned
Children's fiction books loaned. 522
Adult non fiction books loaned. . .109
Adult fiction books loaned 910
Number of callers during the mnntb
New borrowers' cards issued 411
The following luniks are gilts from
Mrs. Foster: - .
Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch
Jane Eyre Brante.
The Christian Caine.
Uncle Tom's Cabin St owe.
Little Hero Russell.
Dislionaiy of Electric Short-hand
Electric Short-hand Cross.
Electric Short -hand Lessons Oioss.
Rink To Be Re-opened Soon
The Colloseum skating rink will be
that "they decided right too." The , nei in a few days under tlie mnn-
venlict was for the plamtin. lagement of r red Collins and ( latre
Argument to Discredit Taft Admin-
istration. in Proposed Civil Service
Change Not Supportable.
Oregonian News Bureau, Washing
ton, Feb.. 1. But for their fear of
public disapproval,.. Democrats pf the
House of Representatives would have
adopted the Moon amendment to the
postofflce appropriation bill, removing
24,000 assistant, postmasters from civ
il service protection. .. , '
The Democrats in supporting this
spoils amendment, had prepared to ar
gue that they were merely attempting
to undo the partisan, work of .Presi
dent Taft ; they were going to cha,ige
that assitant, postmasters were cov
cred into the civil service by an order
issued by Mr. Taft at the close of his
Administration, with a view retain
ing Republican incumbents, regardless
of 'efficiency, and to prevent their re
moval by the new Administration on
This argument was not made, be
cause publicity was given to the fact
that such an argument was contrary
to the facts. The records show that
President Taft issued an order bring
ing assistant postmasters into the civil
service September 30, 1010, long be
fore there was the slightest prospect
thut the Republicans were-to be over
thrown. Moreovertbe Taft order re'
quired Uiab .no assistant postmaster
should receive, the competitive classi
fied status until he had proved to the
satisfaction of -the department1 that
he deserved it for efficiency. ''' 1
Competitive examinations had been
held, three-fourtha.of.the postmasters
had Willi Bed and .271 vacancies Tiai
been filled by means of civil SeYtfiee
examinations. . '
It would have been impossible for
the Democratic spoilsmen to maintain
the contention that they were merely
undoing a political job perpetrated by
President Taft. The Taft order was
as honest a civil service proposal as
ever came from the White House. It
established a merit system from which
politics had been eliminated. -
Mr. Frank J. Miller a large produc
er of hops as well as a purchaser who
formerly resided in Dallas but now
lives in Forest Grove and owns one of
the largest yards in Washington Co.,
There is a tendency among hop
growers in most parts of the country
to increase their hop acreage. This
results from the high prices that have
prevailed during the past three years.
It might be well for growers to con
sider what the consequences will be
if large crops should be produced in
all the hop growing countries of the
world. There is no doubt that prices
now would be low, probably down to
the cost of production, had not Europe
turned out very small yields in 1012.
New markets cannot be found for
hops. There is but one outlet, and
if there is an overplus in production
it will be a serious matter to the.
A statement has been received from
an authoritative Bource showing a de
crease in tlie consumption of hops per
barrel of beer. This, it is said, is
not due to the price of hops entirely,
nor to the scarcity of hops, but to the
use of rice instead of barley malt,
which necessitates cutting down the
amount of hops used in order to keep
tlie beer from being too bitter. Iho
''The great decrease in the use of
hops in the brewing of beer is forci
bly demonstrated by, the world's of
ficial hop statistics, recentJy publish
ed' ..for the yeara 1880 to 1913 in
clusive. During the past 20 years the
world's production of hops for every
.barret of beer brewed in the world has
lieen its follows:
' . Pounds
1804 to 1897....... ..1.2
1808 to 1901 .....' ...0.0
1902 to 1905......... ...0.9
1900 to 1909...... .....0.8
1910' to 1913.......... .0.7
' In Great Britain, Ireland, Canada,
JJow Zealand and Australia practically
all the beers brewed are ale, porter -and
stout, which require from two to
three times the quantity of hops as
lager beer, The above average in
cludes all beers; therefore, the hop
consumption on lager beer is well be
low the above average.
The many farmers the world over
that are increasing their hop acreage
Will do well to keep in mind the fact
that notwithstanding an abnormally
short average yield per acre in the
world 's hop crops during the past few
years hop prices have very material
ly declined since the last harvest tune
in spite of the cry of hop famine bas
ed, no doubt, on the theory that brew
ers now use as many hops per barrel
of beer as they did some years ago.
Card of Appreciation.
I desire to express my thanks to the
The jiuy eonsited of Miss Berthai SnvHer who have secured a lease f'mjoron Fire Relief Association of Me
Serr, Mrs. Ora Casper, Mrs. D. M.
Metzger, Mrs. H. C. Seymour, Mrs.
Anna Coad, and Mrs. Will Greenwood.
Eenterprise and Rickreall Schools
mill each hold school rallies Friday.
Bmadmrad and Bethel acbeols will
also hold school rallies on Saturday.
The boys say that the place will be
run in a way that the people of the
town can fwl that they can go and
enjoy tiiemselve and know that they
will receive courteous treatment.
The use of intoxicants or tobacco
will he prohibited and rowdism will not
Polk County Land Will Produce.
Mr. G. W. Curtis was a caller on
the Observer, Friday , and told - how
good Polk County is to Mie tanner
ho has a few prune trees-. 1 Hi is an
amateur in fanning and did not know
the A B C of pmne raising, but he
just bought a little place a year
ago and buckled down to wbrk. ' , 'j
"-H 'M Veuywel! satisfied witli'Mus
first year on his 5 acres that' lie hn;l In
pmncsj he snld tiearly $800 Worth and
still had the -rest of his acres td'cu'i-tivste.-He
now ' has oVer" 20 'acres
iili mroes and will plant piore. lie
says that Polk County has them all
skinned a mile when it comes to land
that will raise anything.
Minnville for the prompt and satis
factory manner in which they paid
tlie insurance on my house tlntj
burned recently. '
Nancy C. Fowler.
All kinds of engraving from vis
iting cards to wedding invitations
furnished at The Observer office.
Road Law up to Circuit Jndge.
Attorneys Tooze and Upjohn argued
a demurrer before the court Monday
on an appeal taken from the County
Court in the rase of State vs. W. II. ,
Able, who was charged with contempt
of court in violating certain road laws
relating to loads of certain weight
being taken over mads ordered closed
by the County Court against certain
traffic. It has been admitted that
he used the roads against said order
but the contention is that the law is
The Judge took the case under ad
visement' and will hand down his de
cision some time during this term, but
it is understood that the case will go
to the Supreme Court regardless of
what the opinion of this court may be.