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1) ( J sj .. THE HOME PAPER VOL. 25 DALLAS, OREGON, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1914 NO. 96 THE HEW ROAD LAW A GENERAL ROAD OVERSEER NEEDED , Soma Things About tb New Road Law Which is Causing Much Worry. The new lnw passed by the legisla tu re, which is now in effect, is causing a great deal or talk among those who have charge of the road work and the funds. The. following is an extract from a letter written to County Judge John B. Teal by Vine W. Pearce, County Judge of Yamhill County, askhig for an opinion of the best way to .pro ceed with the work: "After careful study of county "form No. 13, (Supervisor's Monthly Pay Roll) we are convinced that for perhaps every county in the state with the possible exception of Multnomah, the provision requiring the signature of each workman to the pay roll, "and the later form of supervisor s re ceipt book with which he takes re ceipt of each laborer for warrant al lowed by t the court, taken together, are very troublesome and expensive, and to our minds avail nothing. In this connection we And that at the end of the month, after completing his pay roll, our supervisor must go out and get the signature of each employee before sending same to the Court. Upon receiving the warrants covering the pay roll, he must go out and deliver the warrants to the em ployees and take their receipts. Our laborers are scattered over the dis tricts and will not work for us if we ; require them to loose this time by going to the supervisor on each oc casion; in rnct it is getting to De a serious pioblem to get sufficient la bor, under the best) conditions we can offer, to do our work. The getting of the names on the pay roll and the delivery of the warrants. Will each re quire a days time of the supervisor, nnd will, .therefore cost us $5.00 per month for each road district in our county. We have 39 road districts, which will make an added expense of $195.00 per month, which we should not have to meet. ' ' Judge Teal has been advocating for some time the apjwintment of a gen eral road overseor to have charge over all the roads of the county, all the road work of the County .to be done by the district overseers under his directions, which would make better and more uniform work of roads in the county, as well as save money to the taxpayer even under the old law. Under the new law with its red " tape and monthly report, contract work and receipts for work, etc., it l.ecomes almost a necessity to hat! a County Road Overseer, and he should be a man who has had practical ex erience in road building, and a man of good business ability as well. We have no doubt but that Polk County has such a man, and that he would under the new law, save the county a good sum of money. , If the county has no General Road Overseer all work let on contract will require the expense of having the County Surveyor on the job, as well as requiring the District Overeeer to visit the county seat monthly. District Attorney Upjohn says that the appointment of a County Road Overseer to have charge of all roads would greatly facilitate the work, and that in his opinion many of the ob- sticles of the new law would be more easily eared for in this manner. The Copnty Court meets tomorrow and .we suppose that they will go over- this matter very thoroughly and take such action as will be for the best in terest of Polk County. : Polk County First. The Oregonian has the following to say about Polk County. A Boys' and Girls' Industrial Club was fully . organized in Pouk County during the latter part of December of last year. It is the first of the kind in the state. . Under the plan being worked out by Superintendent Churchill, Polk Coun ty is evidently taking the lead in this matter, as it has been organizing clubs since December 19. Each club has of ficers, names and plans formed, ac cording' to, the plait outlned by -'.Mr. ChurehilL . .. .A ' Clubs have been organised lii Polk County by County Superintendent H. Ci Seymour and Supervisor L. V. Macken as follows: Oakdale, Pio neer, Broadinead, McTimmons Valley, Smithfleld, Btlell, Harmony Butler, Valley Junction, Gooseneck, ; -Red Prairie, Enterprise, Orchards, Stiver, Upper Salt Creek, Fairview, Ward, Concord, Zena, Lincoln, Eola, Parker, Lewisville, Mountainview, Spring Val ley, Black Rock, North Dallas, Bttena Vista, Airlie, Salt Creek, Bethel, West Salem, Mqntgoineiy, Pedee, Fir Grove, Cherry Grove, Maple Grove, and many more districts will be or ganized within the next few ' days, and within two or three weeks eveiy district in the county will have its organization. It is veir probable that all of the ten projects as outlined by Superin tendent Churchill will be worked out in this county. The school children of Polk County are imbued with the spirit of maintaining this county's reputation (is the "blue ribbon county of Oregon.'' DEMONSTRATION Till DRAWS vallis to those desiring them. On one side of the card was the following Listed below are the O. A. C. bul letins trenting the subjects of Dairy ing and Hog Raising. To secure them mark the ones desired and mail this card. Hog and Field Pea Special. Herd Record Keeping. Feeding the Daily Cow, Raising the Daily Calf. . Farm Butter Making. Care of Milk ami Cream. Silo Construction and Silage Feed ing. Improving Oregon 's Dairy Herd. Name Address .......... i . -. A-Bupply of these cards were left at the S. P. Depot, if you failed to get one and a few were left at the Observer office and you can get one for the asking, or drop a postal to R. D. Hetzel, Corvallis, telling him which bulletins you desire and it will be mailed to you free. i Being in Dallas at the noon hour, the visitors took dinner at the Gail Hotel. . Women to Beautify City. Recently a meeting was held at Monmouth and a Civic Club was or ganized by the women to work with the , Commercial Club in improving the -appearance of the yards, streets and alleys m ithat city. It was plan ned that a; vacant lot near the depot there be planted to a choice variety of roses and.. otherwise made attrac tive. ' - : " v. The matter of parking is expected to have the attention of the club,, as some of that work has already been done by persons in the residence dis tricts. ' ''- r''- 'V 'V!.-t ? ' --Alfalfj Week. The public schools of Polk County wiir observe-alfalfa week which will begin March flth and end March 13th. County Superintendent Seymour will send literature pertaining to al falfa as a soil food and as a forage plant to all the teachers of the county. The work will be done through .the language lessons and all pupils will be expected to participate from the first grade up to the highest grade. Dallas Was Ahead. While several of our citizens were enroute to Portland one day last week a booster of McMinnville was telling one of Dallas fair young ladies about the new electric trains that city had recently acquired and said don't you wish that Dallas was up-to-date? Our Dallas young lady replied you may have the electric trains but we have the gasoline motor trains and that beats your electric, as our trains leave a perfume at the station when they leave and yours only a spark Grand Jury. The; grand jury bus made the fol lowing indictments which will come up for a hearing at the present term of the Circuit Court. Dick Gains indicted for running pool rooms at Indeendeiice on Sun day. Frank and Clifton Smith, for run ning pool roo mon Sunday. Delmer Hedgepath, statutory charge, plea, not guilty, trial set for Wednesday morning at 9.30. Two Dallas boys- were indicted for gambling. MID-YEAR COMMENCEMENT BEING HELD AT MONMOUTH NORMAL BIG CROWD VIEW THE EXHIBIT The Lectures Were Practical and the Different Subjects Handled were Given in an Able Manner. Delightful Luncheon Served, A very pleasant afternoon was spent Thursday from two to five o' clock at the home of Mrs. H. C. Sey mour. Jnnior Superintendent Mrs. H. D. McDonald and Primary Superinten dent Mrs. Seymour entertained the teachers of the elementary depart ment of the Christian Bible School and served them with a delicious luncheon the table was .beautifully decorated in white and green, thus carrying out the color scheme of the elementary department.. Coven were laid for ten. Those present were Messrs. H. G. Campbell, C. O. Turner. L. Ramey, H. G. Black, J. Driseoll. J. & Rabhie, E. E. Tribble, L L. Smith, H. D. McDonald and H. C. Seymour. The demonstration train arrived in Dallas on schedule time, and a big crowd was at the depot to see that "sanitary pig pen" and the 0. A. C. daily on wheels. It was estimated that over five hundred people visited the train and listened to some of the instructions. Even the railroad officials visiting our city weie forced by the crowd to give talks, but they didn't seem to know very much about how to care for the cow and hog. There has never been a time when the development of these industries were of more interest to the people of Oregon. live hogs are commandng the highest price irt history, while there is a general shortage of meat animals all along the line. Butter fat is selling at an average of 33 cents per pound, but notwithstanding that fact, Oregon is a large impdrter of butter. Dr. Withycombe, who is at present one of the persons mentoned fre quently as a candidate for governor. was here as one of the lecturers and many of the. old residents of Dallas know him well. It is needless to sav that in his talk he never mentioned politics and kept his remarke within the subject handed. The Dr. is a very pleasant gentle man to meet and there is no doubt but thai he is well versed on all farm subjects. He called the hogs and cows the mortgage lifters and added that they would if properly handled bring a broader smile to the already jolly face of the prosperous farmer, who had no mortgage. Professors Hetzel, Graves, Potter and Barr gave lectures on the differ ent points of hog and dairy business. They gave the fanner pointers on how to pick out a good milker as well as how to grow a good and saleable porker. The stock on exhibit was not of the fancy kind but just ordinary stock The good and bad points were shown by those- in charge of the train in a manner which could easily be un derstood. The Southern Pacific Railway was represented on this train in Dallas by L. R. Fields, General Superinten dent, accompanied by his secretary, A. O. Reschke; H. A. Hinshaw, Gen eral Freight Agent, and Mr. Dunn, bis Assistant. The S. P. in earrving this train through the valley is helping the farmer by bringing this kind of an illustrated lecture where he can be profited. Professor Hetzel' gave away many cards, addressed to himself at for- ft) (3 (4) -' ) (6- ( yj fA V) A' I ft P LXX fewtK! L;jJ JH k2l U-! J 1 I I-y -1 A ( tivj iMtkjj L-jy&S LiCJ l.-zfegfr WrH C ff II Jl f II M I ' t - I ell S. P. Relieved. The following from the Salem Jour nal shows how hard it is sometimes for a railroad to live up to the re quirements of law. It is easy to cor rect some eiTors but this one although small could not be corrected. . The railroad commissioners have just completed the investigation of a very important bit of railroad law- nessness. It seems that some time ago the Southern Pacific accidentally made a charge for freight handled for W. G. Swan, of Lytle Lake, that was G3 cents less than tiie schedule called for. The company asked the commisioners for permission to ig nore the matter and let Mr. Swan have the 63 cents. This the railroad commissioners said would be against the law, as the company must charge every one alike and this would, if permitted, be a rebate. The commis sion and the S. P. then got busy trying to locate Mr. Swan, but without being able to do so. In this work some 1301 pages of correspondence accumulated, making quite a bulky -record of the company's and the commission's fu tile efforts to locate Mr. Swan and make him pay that 63 cents. However, tu Swan had disappeared without even singing his dying solig, and he could not be located, although the S. P. management was sitting up of nights and working overtime in an effort to get that 63 cents, and pre venting its balancing its accounts, the commission sapiently concluded that if Mr. Swan cotvld not be found he could not pay and so auhtorized the Southern Pacific to erase the debit from its books. Now Mr. Swan can go hang for the railroad is judiciously freed from all blame and responsibili ty. The costs are assessed to the state. . . , .' HOP ACREAGE imsiiiG PROMINENT HOP GROWER BE LIEVES THAT THERE IS SANGER OF OVERPRODUCING Brewers Are Using Less and Acreage is Yearly on the Increase. PUBLIC OPINION HOLDS CLUB DEMOCRATS AFRAID TO ADOPT . MOON AMENDMENT ." I Myrtle Muir, Portland; 2 Lulu Wattcniiiirg, Burns) il lk'len Chnil buiirne, Drain; 4 Irene Snere, ( 'ins well; .") Ida Mack, Salem; If Lit- Daniel, Monmouth; 7-i-ltit'Z Kearn, Portland; 8 Gladys Cuisim, Salem; !) Lulta Wilson, Salem; 111 Abigail Welch, Dairy, 11 Manic Ayres, Benvertoii ; 12 Lelo Wover lon, Monmouth; l.t (lain WhKcii bunr. Bums; 14 Margaret Noilson, Astoria; l.'i Laura Puree!!, Portland; Ki C'liironce Hesscltine,-Walla Walla; 17 Rctta Smith, Coburg; 18 Blanche Powell, Portland; 19 Amy Steinliergc, Monmouth; Kiitli 1 imm, Philomath; 21 Harriet Harris., Portland; 22 label Muldrick, Sale n; 2:1 Madge Thomas, - Monmouth; 24 Madeline Bettis, Coburg j '23 Henrietta Hoyser, Salem; 26 Lor-iine Johnson, Portland; 27 Olga Wood, Monmouth ; 28 F.llen Hayden, P ortland. ' City Council Meeting. The City Council met in regular session Monday evening at the City Hall with Mayor Van Orsdel presid ing and all the members of the coun cil present. An ordinance regulating skating jinks was presented and read. On motion the Btrcet commissioner was instructed to connect the Giant 'A White livery barn, with the sewer. . The city officers were instructed to enforce the cigarette ordinance. The following bills were allowed : Lych & Hoffer $ l.'i W. L. Soehren 1.00 City Transfer 4.00 4.00 20.00 4.20 36.03 .20 11.50 121.40 18.57 8.60 August Bnman. Ed. F. Coad Polk County Itemizer. R. L. Chapman Smith & Ellison John R. Allgood E. J. Himes Geo. E. Cutler Anna Cnad Walter Davidson 3.0 Asa Perkins 2.00 John Norman 2.50 P. S. Greenwood 50.5. John Shaw ai.0 O. P. Chase 60.00 N. Dornsine S.00 Chas. Oresory ; 67.!." Walter Williams 8." Ethel Williams 12.50. W. G. Vassal! 82.!0 Salary Fire Department 40.00 Carnegie Library 250.00 WOMAN JURY ON CASE First Trial in Polk -County Settled by Ladies. . Miss Serr was Selected as Forewoman. Constable J. 8. Ashbaugh held court in the cuuit house Saturday before niauv witnesses. The fact that a jury of women were to dispense justice spread rapidly and manv chairs were occupied before court was called to order. The' case for trial was Winnie Da vidson vs. G. W. Pickett, to decide property rights. The women soon rendered the ver dict, it did not take them long to make up their minds and. what is still more to their credit, one of the lead ing attorneys of Dallas (and he was not interested in the case) told us LIBRARY NOTES Report for January. Children's lion fiction hooks loaned 180 Children's fiction books loaned. 522 Adult non fiction books loaned. . .109 Adult fiction books loaned 910 Total ....1727 Number of callers during the mnntb 3150 New borrowers' cards issued 411 The following luniks are gilts from Mrs. Foster: - . Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch Rice. Jane Eyre Brante. The Christian Caine. Uncle Tom's Cabin St owe. Little Hero Russell. Dislionaiy of Electric Short-hand Cross. Electric Short-hand Cross. Electric Short -hand Lessons Oioss. Rink To Be Re-opened Soon The Colloseum skating rink will be that "they decided right too." The , nei in a few days under tlie mnn- venlict was for the plamtin. lagement of r red Collins and ( latre Argument to Discredit Taft Admin- istration. in Proposed Civil Service Change Not Supportable. Oregonian News Bureau, Washing ton, Feb.. 1. But for their fear of public disapproval,.. Democrats pf the House of Representatives would have adopted the Moon amendment to the postofflce appropriation bill, removing 24,000 assistant, postmasters from civ il service protection. .. , ' The Democrats in supporting this spoils amendment, had prepared to ar gue that they were merely attempting to undo the partisan, work of .Presi dent Taft ; they were going to cha,ige that assitant, postmasters were cov cred into the civil service by an order issued by Mr. Taft at the close of his Administration, with a view retain ing Republican incumbents, regardless of 'efficiency, and to prevent their re moval by the new Administration on political grounds. This argument was not made, be cause publicity was given to the fact that such an argument was contrary to the facts. The records show that President Taft issued an order bring ing assistant postmasters into the civil service September 30, 1010, long be fore there was the slightest prospect thut the Republicans were-to be over thrown. Moreovertbe Taft order re' quired Uiab .no assistant postmaster should receive, the competitive classi fied status until he had proved to the satisfaction of -the department1 that he deserved it for efficiency. ''' 1 Competitive examinations had been held, three-fourtha.of.the postmasters had Willi Bed and .271 vacancies Tiai been filled by means of civil SeYtfiee examinations. . ' It would have been impossible for the Democratic spoilsmen to maintain the contention that they were merely undoing a political job perpetrated by President Taft. The Taft order was as honest a civil service proposal as ever came from the White House. It established a merit system from which politics had been eliminated. - Mr. Frank J. Miller a large produc er of hops as well as a purchaser who formerly resided in Dallas but now lives in Forest Grove and owns one of the largest yards in Washington Co., says: There is a tendency among hop growers in most parts of the country to increase their hop acreage. This results from the high prices that have prevailed during the past three years. It might be well for growers to con sider what the consequences will be if large crops should be produced in all the hop growing countries of the world. There is no doubt that prices now would be low, probably down to the cost of production, had not Europe turned out very small yields in 1012. New markets cannot be found for hops. There is but one outlet, and if there is an overplus in production it will be a serious matter to the. hop industry. A statement has been received from an authoritative Bource showing a de crease in tlie consumption of hops per barrel of beer. This, it is said, is not due to the price of hops entirely, nor to the scarcity of hops, but to the use of rice instead of barley malt, which necessitates cutting down the amount of hops used in order to keep tlie beer from being too bitter. Iho statement follows: ''The great decrease in the use of hops in the brewing of beer is forci bly demonstrated by, the world's of ficial hop statistics, recentJy publish ed' ..for the yeara 1880 to 1913 in clusive. During the past 20 years the world's production of hops for every .barret of beer brewed in the world has lieen its follows: ' . Pounds 1804 to 1897....... ..1.2 1808 to 1901 .....' ...0.0 1902 to 1905......... ...0.9 1900 to 1909...... .....0.8 1910' to 1913.......... .0.7 1913 0.0 ' In Great Britain, Ireland, Canada, JJow Zealand and Australia practically all the beers brewed are ale, porter -and stout, which require from two to three times the quantity of hops as lager beer, The above average in cludes all beers; therefore, the hop consumption on lager beer is well be low the above average. The many farmers the world over that are increasing their hop acreage Will do well to keep in mind the fact that notwithstanding an abnormally short average yield per acre in the world 's hop crops during the past few years hop prices have very material ly declined since the last harvest tune in spite of the cry of hop famine bas ed, no doubt, on the theory that brew ers now use as many hops per barrel of beer as they did some years ago. Card of Appreciation. I desire to express my thanks to the The jiuy eonsited of Miss Berthai SnvHer who have secured a lease f'mjoron Fire Relief Association of Me Serr, Mrs. Ora Casper, Mrs. D. M. Metzger, Mrs. H. C. Seymour, Mrs. Anna Coad, and Mrs. Will Greenwood. Scbeol Rallies. Eenterprise and Rickreall Schools mill each hold school rallies Friday. Bmadmrad and Bethel acbeols will also hold school rallies on Saturday. the owners. The boys say that the place will be run in a way that the people of the town can fwl that they can go and enjoy tiiemselve and know that they will receive courteous treatment. The use of intoxicants or tobacco will he prohibited and rowdism will not he tollerated. Polk County Land Will Produce. Mr. G. W. Curtis was a caller on the Observer, Friday , and told - how good Polk County is to Mie tanner ho has a few prune trees-. 1 Hi is an amateur in fanning and did not know the A B C of pmne raising, but he just bought a little place a year ago and buckled down to wbrk. ' , 'j "-H 'M Veuywel! satisfied witli'Mus first year on his 5 acres that' lie hn;l In pmncsj he snld tiearly $800 Worth and still had the -rest of his acres td'cu'i-tivste.-He now ' has oVer" 20 'acres iili mroes and will plant piore. lie says that Polk County has them all skinned a mile when it comes to land that will raise anything. Minnville for the prompt and satis factory manner in which they paid tlie insurance on my house tlntj burned recently. ' Nancy C. Fowler. All kinds of engraving from vis iting cards to wedding invitations furnished at The Observer office. Road Law up to Circuit Jndge. Attorneys Tooze and Upjohn argued a demurrer before the court Monday on an appeal taken from the County Court in the rase of State vs. W. II. , Able, who was charged with contempt of court in violating certain road laws relating to loads of certain weight being taken over mads ordered closed by the County Court against certain traffic. It has been admitted that he used the roads against said order but the contention is that the law is unconstitutional. The Judge took the case under ad visement' and will hand down his de cision some time during this term, but it is understood that the case will go to the Supreme Court regardless of what the opinion of this court may be. ! v