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3i JilkSLar ; iBPteitf see- tff5 W- .J-.. - .... THE HOME PAPER VOL, 25 DALLAS, OREGON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1914 NO. 97 WOMENS WAGES STATE WIDE WAGE LAW FOR WORKING WOMEN IS NEW ORDER OF COMMISSION 0- After February 7th, Women Em ployed Can Not Work More Than 54 hours a week. The Observer has ireeeived a letter from the Industrial Welfare Commis sion at Portland stating that on Feb- ruary 7th, the following omer ro. 5 will become effective all over the state of Oregon. The text of the order follows: First No person, firm or corpora tion shall employ any experienced, adult woman in any industry in the state of Oregon, paid by time rate of ' payment at a weekly wage rate of less than eight dollars and twenty- five cents ($8.25) a week, any leer amount being declared inadequate to supply the necessary cost of living to such women workers and to ir.'uiutniu (hem in health. Second Nor shall any iich person, f.i ni i r corporation empl"r won.en in ai.y industry in tdie stv. . of Oregon for irere than fifty-four (34 hours a ie'k. lirird Nor shall any such person, fi.ui or corporation pay inexperienced, niiult women workers -eiuoliyed b li-.'ie rate of payment, at a rate of vngts less than six dollar) ($0.00) a week, and the maximum length of lime such workers may b) considered inexperienced in any industry shall not exceed one year. Fourth "person,: firm or eorpor.-. ntion owning or conducting any mer cantile, manufacturing or latttidiy es tablishment in the state of Oregon shall employ women workei-s in such establishment later than the hour of eight-thirty (8.30) qVlock p. m. of any day. This hour of dismissal does not apply to telephone and telegraph companies confectionery establish inents, irestauirants and hotels. Said order shall become effective from and after Februalry 7th, 1!)14. As provided in chapter 62 of the 1913 session laws, any violation is considered a misdemeanor and is pun ishable by a fine of not less than $25 or more than $100, or by imprison ment of not less than 10 days or more than three months, or both fine and imprisonment. Defining section 1 of the order, the commission steles that the minimum wages fixed by this ruling are wage rates. Consequently experienced em ployees working for less than a full week are to receive" a pro rated wage at least $1.37 a day and proportion ately for parts of a day. The commission further commands that in occupations where payment is made by the piece rate, the piece rate must be so regulated that "the average ordinary worker" may earn at least $8.25 in a 54 hour week. The commission fixes the maximum weekly hours of labor as 54; by state law the maximum hours for any day aire 10. Of inexperienced workers, the com mission says: In some occupations sufficient ex perience may be had in a few days or a few weeks to warrant the weekly wage of $8.25. In ease employers in such occupations fail to establish vol untarily a reasonable term for ex perienced workers, the commission will rail -references and fix approxi mate terms of experience. The pres ent ruling simply indicates that in no occupation will more than a year's experience be required. In ease sev eral months' experience is required, it would be ii! accord with the pur pose of the law. to have a gradual step-up in the rate of wages from the beginners' wages until the rate of $8.25 a week is reached. While the latest closing hour is fixed at 8,30 p. nu, it is not the inten tion off the commission, it is stated, to have this ruling apply to any oc cupation, the very nature of which re quires nigbt work. ' Good Record for S. P. Nearly everyone who travels nowa days is accompanied by baggage; and the safe handling of this baggage, and the delivery of it to the correct address is, to the traveler, a big awl important feature of transportation. In this connection, Che Southern Pa cific, handling millions of pieces of baggage a year, has established an enviable record, according to figures compiled by E.- P. Larson, General Baggage Agent, with headquarters at San Franoisco. , , In 1910, the Southern Pacific Com pany, oh the, Pacific system alone, handled about six and a half million pieces of baggage; in 1911, it handled six and ;a quarter million; and in 1912, it handled almost! seven and a" quarter million. Altogether, for the three years,' the total was just 19, 831,248. Our of this tremendous number, only 180 pieces went astray, an aver age of just sixty pieces a year. And in many cases, baggage would not have gone astray had passengers, themselves, checked their belongings, had them re-checked, when necessary, or changed the checking when they Changed theSa' own destination en route. This record speaks well for the ef ficiency of the men in whose care the handling of baggage reposes, and it speaks well for the care on the part of employees which the Southern Pa eiflc requires. Registration Slow in Dallas. The voters ot Dallas are not in much of a hurry to get registered for the coming election and primary. Of the, 222 registered there are 122 re publicans, 80 democrats, 14 prohi bition, 6 progressives, 3 socialists and 7 independents. Presbyterian Church. ' The special meetings which were held at the Pr?sbi'( !-.-ii.i Churrh by Dr. A. L. Hu ( bison Forth;: d and which clpsj'l a .week ij! li'-l. Sunday night were considered ii iti'af success. ( account, if the in.-d'in-'i.t maili'i Curing that liir.n, a grea'; tnahy c.idd , i t attend, 111- ! e, who d:d attend were v . II paid for the effo.l. for it has been a long time since the people of Dallas had such a treat as Dr. Hutch ison gave them during the two weeks he was here. Professor Melzger, who is considered by everyone a good au thoritv, says, that in all the years he has been in Dallas, he never heard such sermons, and the professor came every night when it was possible. Rev. Mr. Mitchell received five per sons into membership in the Presby terian Church last Sunday murniiiji as a direct result of the meetings and there is a promise of more to follow. The sermons for next Sunday are, morning, "It is Worth While to be Religious ? ' '., evening, ' ' Drifting. ' ' These sermons will be interesting and instructive -and vou should hear them. OREGON, MASSACHUSETTS, AND INDIANA LEFT OUT Juggling of Figi'res dives Germany More Than She Deserves. come A POLE COUNTY STOCK EXHIBIT POOLING OF r Eugenie G. Dalton. Eugenic G. ' Dalton was born at Estimated That There Are 50,000 or More Bales Now Being Held on Coast for Raise in Price. The Salem Journal prints the fol lowing wiucn snows mat mere is a difference of opinion in methods to be used in the marketing of hops. "In the judgment of many of the local hop growers and hop merchants, the market is at present showing a disposition entirely too fickle. In other words, the price of hops is un settled and neither do the wily buyer or the foxy growers know just where it is going to land permanently or if it will find a resting place at all for months to come. In remarking about the present market conditions, one leading mer chant and grower stated that the un settled prices are due to the fact that the growers are stirring too much ex citement over their proposed pooling system in Oregon, Washington and California. He says that just as long as there is no basis upon wihch the market can rest for a reasonable length of time, just so long will the market be quiet and business dull. The hopman further predicted that unless the growers and merchants can arrive at some understanding as to Keysvillo,' Missouri, April 13th, 18(i8, and was married to E. V. Dalton in 1887. They came to Oregon July 28th, 1890, locating at Independence, but have been residents of Dallas some time, where Mr. Dalton is engaged in the furniture business. Mrs. Dalton has been sick for sev eral weeks, and death claimed her Tuesday afternoon. She leaves a husband and one son to mourn the loss of a loving wife and mother, one brother resides in Kansas City, one in Keytsville, Mo., also a sister in Alberquergue, N. M. The fulneral services were held from the Presbyterian Church of which she was a faithful member. Rev. Geo. Mitchell conducted the services. The many friends of the family sympa thize with them in this hour of sor row. - Independence Loses. Tuesday evening the Independence High School basket ball team was in Dallas and played the Dallas High School at the Auditorium. The game was a very one-sided af fair and the Dallas boys won an easy victory. ' Once each year, at least the boys at Independence igct it into their heads that they can beat Dallas, jpid sometimes they get the idea so firm ly fixed that they do it, but not this time. The game was a fast one but the score was favorable to Dallas. The score was 17 to 7 in the first half, and 36 to 11 in the last. Parents '-Teachers' Meeting. A parents -teachers' meeting was He Ii t Good Elk. Mr. W. T. Vinton of McMinnvilie was a Dallas visitor this week Mr. Vinton is exalted ruler of the Mc Minnvilie Elk Lodge and it was through his sincere and earnest ef forts that McMinnvilie received a charter for this popular organization. It was known as the "Baby Lodge" in 1912 and the way it has grown puts it in the Elephant class. what is the proper actual value of the erops now on hand, there will held Wednesday evening at. School probably be a decline resulting be-j District No. 72, Miss Carrie Evans, fore long and then sales will be few j teacher. and far between. This, he says, is An exertfent program was rendered more probable in view of the fact i by the pupils of. the school, after that there are 50,000 or more bales now being held np on the coast. Moat Have Movement. which an interesting business session was held. Mr. Macken represented the County There must be some activity in the! Superintendent 'a office at this meet market or prices will never remain up to the present standard, it is said. Pooling the hops and holding them out of the market will only have a ten dency to crown their actwual value and filially end up with those entering the pool having a job lot on hand when the 1914 crop is unloaded and then with a portion of last year's crop unsold and possibly a still larg er output ready for harvest, the mar- ket will shrink toward the bottom of the list and remain there indefinate- ly." I ing and made a nice talk. Mr. Gentle of the Monmouth State Normal was present and delivered an address which was pronounced by all present as one of the best school talks ever given in this district A feed was the final climax given by the ladies of this district, which was the frowning event of the evening and was enjoyed by all present. The next, meetng will be held March 4th and it is the purpose of those in charge to have even a better. time than the last. Acording to this morning's Ore- gonian, experts of, the: Navy Depart ment juggled the statistics in the Navy year-book for 1913 to make the American Navy appear inferior to the German navy, and thereby Het the United States down fom second to third place, as a naval power, it was charged today by-' Representatives Witherspoon, of Wisconsin, and Hens ley, of Missouri, members of the House Naval affairs committee. With Secretary Daniels before the committee to explain the Naval pro gram for the coming year, the two Congressmen, . who : are strongly op posed to " a bigx'navy, , questioned him on what they declared .were omis sions and faulty "comparisons in. the year book. The Secretary explained lie was not an expert in ' comparing navies, and said he had relied on what experts in the navy had advised him about the . facts; T " " . , Three Battleships Left Out. In their questioning the Congress men brought out that three American battleships,:, the Oregon, Massachu setts and Indiana, which are of the same tonnage and of heavier arma ment than 10 listed German battle ships, are left out of the United States list altogether; and that the year book instead of giving the United States 30 battleships built and building, compared with Germany's 39, should have credited the United States with 39 battleships of heavier total ton nage and armament than Germany. They also; brought but that the navy statisticians have this year for the first time taken out of the dread nought clajw the battleships South Carolina and Michigan, which have dreadnought armament, and have put into the German dreadnought class four ships of 11-inch gun armament. The year-book's comparison gives Germany 13 dreadnoughts and the United States seven, while the Con- Jessntan insisted that the correct figures should give nine dreadnoughts each. Results Are Set Forth, Detailed results of their investiga tions of the year book 's comparisons were announced by Representatives Witherapoon and Hensley in the fol lowing statement: "It was developed that the United States appeared to have three less. battleships than Germany because three of the American battleships were omitted from our list, namely, Jhe Oregon, Massachusetts, and the Indiana. The reason .suggested by the Secretary of the Navy for the omis sion of these three battleships was that they were old and obsolete, but it appears that in the German list is included 10 battleships to-wit. "Kaiser Frederick IIL Kaiser Will helm II, Kaiser Karl Der Grosse, Kaiser Barbarossa Witt'elbach, Zah- ingon, Wetten, Mecklebnrg, Schwaben, each of which has a tonnage of 10,- 974, built at the same time as the omitted Americanbattleships and each having a main armatnentiiofj foiir 8.4 inch guns while the Oregon, Massa chusetts and Indiana have a main armament of four 13-inch guns and a tonnage of 10,288 tons each. English Authority : Presented. "A high English authority was pre sented to the Secretary of the navy showing the inferiority of these 10 German battleships with their 9.4- mch guns to battleships armed with 12-inch or 13-inch guns. "It was further developed that ac cording to this comparison in the navy year book the tonnage of the German battleships was from 10,074, which was the smallest, to 12,991, which was the largest of 20 German battleships, and (hat of 27 American battleships, the smallest was 11,356 and the largest was 16,000 tons. The Secretary admitted that, so far as the tonnage of the battleships was con cerned, the American navy was great er than that of the Germans, as well as an excess of seven battleships in favor of the American navy. American Superiority Cited. " In regard to the armament of the German 20 battleships it was devel oped that 10 of them are supplied each with four guns, 9.4-inch in cali ber, and the other 10 each with four 11 inches in ealiber, while all of the 127 Amreican battleships are eaeh arm ed with four 12-inch or 13-inch guns, showing the great superiority of the American battleships in point of the power of guns. Tonnage is Compared. "In regard to the tonnage of the dreadnoughts of the two navies it was developed that the lowest tonnage any German dreadnought was 22,345 tons and the largest 24,305, while in the American navy the lowest tonnage is 16,000 and the highest is 27,000 tons. "Comparing the dreadnoughts of the German navy with those of the American navy in point of guns it was developed Wiat four of the German dreadnoughts each has an armament of 12 12-nch guns and the other five each an armament of t ten 12-inch giMis. In the American navy it ap peared that two had an armament each of eight 12-inch guns, four of ten 12-mch guns, two of 12 12-inch guns and two of ten 14-inch guns, showing the great superiority of the American dreadnoughts in the cali ber and power of their guns. "Comparing the two navies with reference to dreadnoughts now build ing it appeared that the smallest dreadnought now being built in the German navy is 20,575 tons, and the smallest building in the American navy is 27,000 tons; that the largest.1 dreadnoughts building in the German navy have a tonnage of 28,000, and the largest building in the American navy have a tonnage of 31,400 or an excess of 3,400 tons over the largest German ships now building. ELECTIONS HELD VALID NOVEMBER ELECTION CASES DECIDED BJ SUPREME COURT The Decision Covers all Points Raised Justice Burnett Does Not Agree with his Associates. Christian Church. The attendance upon every depart ment of the Christian Church Sunday was at high tide, notwithstanding the fact that there were special, services and large attendance in j the other churches of the city. There were 304 in, actual attendance at the bible school which opens at 10 o'clock with Mr. H. .( Black as its capable and poular superintendent. There wcVe two accessions to the church at the morning service. The Christian En deavor is well into the State contest in efficiency and gives promise of winning the pennant. This work ir under the, leadership ' of Homer JJash- iell and is growing weekly. After a baptismal service at 7 o'clock on Thursday evening, the regular prayer meeting was adjourned that all might attend the revival services in pro gress at the Methodist Church. Services next Siinday: Bible School, 10 o'clock; morning service and communion, 11 o'clock; Christian Endeavor, 6.30 p. m. ; evening service, 7.30 p. m. . , The public is cordially, invited all these services. to i 1 i Dr. John Lewtas. The Methodist Revival. Dr. Lewtas is sustaining his ivpn ration as an able expounder of scripture and eloquent lecturer. Last Sunday afternoon he addressed more than thiee hundred ladies on the subject, "The Woman for the Twentieth Century." It was listened to with intense interest and received (unanimous approval. Next Sunday at three o clock, he will address the men of Dallas. The Bible readings given every afternoon are deeply in teresting and attract large amlienees. Want a New Lease. If you have a building that is for rent Uncle Sam wants it for the liostoffice. His lease is on the present location March 1st and be had his inspector post a notice in the building that he is in the market 'for a five years' lease. As the vacant buildings are scarcer than hens' teeth in Dallas, there will not be apt to be many proposals. As we go to press the case of State vs. Hedgepath, on statutory charge is being tried in the Circuit Court. The following report was sent from Salem Tuesday to the' Oregonain: A blow was dealt to the liquor in terests of the state today when the Supreme Court held that the local op tion elections last November in Sa lem, Oregon City, Stayton, Spring field, Gresham and Hillsboro, all of which voted dry, were valid. The court even went further and held in the Salem charter amendment case that a City Council, by refusing to is sue saloon licenses, can make a city dry, or the residents of a city can make it so by passing an ordinance or amending the charter to provide against the sale of intoxicating bev erages. ' That the opinion in the charter amendment case practically gives the Prohibitionists far more opportunity to suppress the sale of liquor througli licensed saloons is the opinion ad vanced by lawyers. Dry Portland Possible. They say a majority of the City Council of Portland could make that city dry by refusing to issue licenses to the saloonmen, and that the coun cils of nil other cities and towns in the state could do likewise. "By the home rule amendment to the constitution," says the opinion. "a municipality has the exclusive power to license, control and prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors, ex cept it shall be subject to the pro visions of the local option law. When the Council refuses to prohibit, the people may so provide by ordinance or in their charter, not as a local op tion proceeding, but as an initiative measure. The local option law im pose no restrant thereon, and is in no sense exclusive. . Initiative Can Be Used. The local option law was enacted before we had in the cities the power of legislation by initiative. With that power prohibition can be as readily adopted as by local option, and that method is not in any way inconsistent with, or in violation of, the proceed ings by local option." All. members of the court concurred in the sweeping charter amendment opinion, while Justice Burnett dis sented in five of the cases involving the validity of local option elections, his reason being that persons regis tered under the permanent registra tion law declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court were not legally qualified to sign petitions calling for local option elections. Brewery Forces Ruling. The decision, relating to the charter amendment in Salem was in the suit brought by the Salem Brewery Asso ciation to enjoin the city authorities from submitting the amendment to a vote of the people. It was contended that the amendment was in violation of the local option law. The majority opinion in the elec tion cases sustains the following Hints raised by the lawyers for the Prohibitionists: The result of the elections should not be disturbed because of the fact that signers of petitions had regis tered under tire permanent registra tion law, which was later declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. Voters at the local option election should not be disqualified because of their havingn registered under the per manent registration law and ther fail ure to have their votes sworn in by the election officers. Orders of County Courts calling the elections were valid, becaune they act ed wth the understanding that the registration of 1899 had been repeal ed and the elections could not be held void so long as those voting were le gally qualified under the constitution. Regular Election Not Necessary, j It is not necessary that local option elections be held at a general state election or a regular city election the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, as was contended by the lawyers for the liquor interests. Justice Burnett, in his dissenting opinion, holds in effect as follows: The Supreme Court having held that the permanent registration law was void, no lawful procedure can be founded upon its provisions and that I if it is unconstitutonal it is unconsti tutional for saloon keepers and Pro hibitionists alike. 1 County Courts had no jurisdiction to order local option elections, because the petitions were not signed by the requisite number of voters. Signing a petition it not an exer cise of the electoral franchise and the constitutional right to vote is not in volved. ' The definition of the term "regis tered voters" is not to be found in the registration law of 1913, for that has been declared unconstitutional. A Costly Scuffle. It is an old saying "look before you leap" and a prominent citizen will take off his glasses when next he plays boy, and scuffles. A few even ings ago, two of Dallas' citizens at a gathering, became young again and forgetting that they were mere boys grown up, tried to show to those pres ent their youthful agality and engaged in a friendly scuffle. It was nip and tuck with odds in favor of tuck, and at the close, the winner tried to ad just his nose glasses, and Io they were missing. After hunting for some time the nose piece was found and a few small pieces of glass was all that remained. Tuesday he took trip to an occulist and when he returned he was $10. poorer and some wiser. After this he concluded to let the ladies do the scuffling act. COMMERCIAL CLUB MEETS WALDO FINN TALKS ON GOOD ROADS Interesting Meeting Held In the Coun ty Court Rooms Wednesday Even ing. ' The Dallas Commercal Club met In regular session Wednesday evening at the County Court room and the meet ng was called to order by W. V. I ul- ler, president, and regular business cared for. The following permanent commit tees were appointed: Finance: Henry Serr, H. A. Woods and E. W. Miles. Promotion and Publicity: Walter L. Tooze, J. C. Hayter and E. W. Miles. Manufacturers: J. R. Craven, F. Coad and H. J. Campbell. Amusements: N. L. Guy, W. L. Soehren and H. L. Fenton. Roads and Highways: A. B. Muir, Dr. Starbuck and H. C. Seymour. Membership: H. A. Woods, Tracy Staats and E. W. Miles. City and County Affuirs: Walter Vassell, Tracy Staats and E. Willis Simonson. Rail Roads :--W. L. Soehren, N. L. Guy and Henry Serr. Litigation and Judiciary: H. H. Beltz, Oscar Hayter and W. L. Tooze. Waldo Finn of McCoy had been invited by the Club to give an address on good roads and was duly present ed to the Club and made a talk which would be hard to beat. Mr. Finn is one of the road su pervisors of this county and has the reputation of baring in his district some of the best roads in Oregon. He explained how roads should be built and also how they should lie maintained and after listening to his talk it was easy to see why the roads in his district are Superior to others. Polk County is very lucky in being able to get the services of such a man on their roads, a man who has made study of roads and has also the practical experience and a man who seems to be willing to do more to wards making the roads of Polk County better by any advice he can . give. The Club tendered Mr. Finn a unan imous vote of thanks for the excellent address given them. J. F. Ulrich of Airlie was present nd was called on by the president nd responded with a very interesting and entertaining talk. Ralph Savery also gave a short talk. Senator Ilawley was at the meet ing and gave the Club some of his ideas along the good roads work. At the close of the meeting. Pres ident Fuller unwound some of the poetry stored away in his fertile brain which was very murh enjoyed by all present. More Club meetings like this one would insure larger attendance and everybody who attended would be come a "booster."