Newspaper Page Text
THE POLE COUNTY OBSERVER, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1915.
Published Each Tuesday and Friday. Office 617-61 Court Street Telephone Main It BY LEW A. CATES. Subscription Rate. One Tear $1.60 Biz Month! 76 Three Montha 40 No subscription taken unless paid for in advance. This Is imperative. Entered as second-class matter In the FostofRce at Dallas, Oregon. NATIONAL DEFENSE. No one would think of accusing ex- President Taft of being an alarmist. His modest conservation has been manifest in all bis dealings with pub lie questions and his natural inclina tion is to avoid extremes and follow a middle course. When, therefore, Mr. Taft strongly urges increased pre paredness for national defense, one feels that the former president is making this recommendation after careful thought and mature delibera tion, and with positive conviction that he is right about it. Nor does Mr, Taft even leave this point obscure, for he sets forth the reasons that lead him to believe that larger prepared ness for national defense is a question of pressing importance, which must be decided speedily by this govern ment for the safety and welfare of the American people. Addressing a meeting at Brooklyn recently, Mr. Taft said: "The dan ger of war with a foreign power is greater than ever before. The Atlan tic and Pacific oceans were excellent barriers in itbe time of Napoleon. Now we need a navy and coast defenses .. sufficient to repel the convoy of any force sent against us. Any nation able to spare 250,000 men a month for invasion must be the measure of our naval and coast defense." Those Americans who are inclined to oppose the policy of larger pre paredness should make a note of this warning issued by the former presi dent. To repeat his words: "The danger of war with a foreign power is greater than ever before." Mr. Taft may, or may not, have in mind just what power or powers are included in this menace, but there are several which may be included in the list of those which easily could "spare 250, 000 men a month for an invasion of the United States." In fact, when we realize that there are more than 20,000,000 men engaged in the preu-l nt European war it will be seen that at its close there should be no il i til -culty in detaching such a force as Mr. Taft suggests tor ojieralions here. . Mr. Taft has served both a -sec retary of war and as president of this nation and he therefore speaki with intimate knowledge of the short comings of our present system of na tional defense. As he so well points out, the Atlantic and Pacific oceans no longer constitute a barrier of de fense. Modern science has revolu Itionized warfare, and especially naval warfare. What the Biitish channel was as a means of defense to England one hundred years ago, the Atlantic ocean is to the United States now. We must prepare east and west for the possibility of invasion. Any country, as Mr. Taft says, which can spare 250,000 men for offensive purposes here, and supplement this force with an equal number in another mouth, would have either coast at its mercy. And it is time for the American peo ple to bring themselves to a realiza tion of this danger, and to prepare a "very adequate defense" before they are driven to it in the face of dire danger. the offense of Dr. Dumba in a dilfer ent light. This is a typical fault of several nations in connection with the present war, however they expect more than they are willing to give or concede. They look only at one side of the question 'their own side. DR. DUMBA'S REWARD. Dr. Constautin ' Dumba, the Aus trian ambassador who' recently was recalled from this country as a result of being detected in a nefarious con spiracy to foment strikes in Ameri ean munition plants, is not to go without his reward. The Austrian emperor, so it is reported, has con ferred an order of nobility on Dr. Dumba, thereby to show official ap proval of the retiring ambassador's services, la other words, the Aus trian government evidently holds that Dr. Dumba performed no less than his duty in striving to advance the interests of his own nation even though his conception of this duty led him to undertake a thing flagrantly and dangerously inimical to American interests and the peace and welfare of the American people. It is entirely within the right of he Austrian emperor to take this course, no doubt, yet it is a procedure that scarcely will contribute to Amer ican friendship and esteem for Aus tria as a nation. It amounts to noth ing less than an intentional slap at the American government for insist ing on protecting its own rights and interests virtual notice that Aus tria has no use for this nation unless she ean use the latter for her own selfish purposes. Yet one readily ean believe that had the situation been re versed Austria would hare looked on AUTO CAMPERS. Dallas should provide a free camp ing ground for automobile tourists be fore the opening of the 1916 season. and invite these itinerant pleasure seekers to partake of its hospitality while journeying through this section of .the Willamette valley. The move ment has met with pronounced suc cess in other towns to the south,, not ably Roseburg and Ashland, and the proposition should have the serious consideration of the business interests here. A considerable number of au tomobile tourists carry tneir own camping outfits, such as tents and cooking utensils, but they must nec essarily purchase supplies, and these it is presumed would be bought lo cally if camping grounds within close proximity to the city were provided. There could be nothing detrimental to hosteliies or garages in the under taking, for those desiring to put up" at these places would uo so un der any circumstances. The national government is now perfecting plans to establish camping grounds for tourists in national for est reserves, and with the beginning of the new year more interest in the matter of out-of-door life will be man ifested throughout the country than ever before. The plan here suggested, that of providing a camping ground adjacent to Dallas, would be but fol lowing in the footsteps of your Uncle Samuel, although in the latter case no profit could accrue to his subjects. By inviting tourists to stop with us over night, Dallas would naturally receive an unlimited amount of free advertis- ng throughout the land, while nearly all business interests would profit by extending this privilege to 'the trav eler. In a communication to The Observ er last summer Mr. Crider, who made an automobile camping trip to Cali fornia, spoke in glowing terms of the communities making such provisions for the accommodation of the wayfar er, and commended .the plan itself. One town mentioned in Mr. Crider 's very readable letter went so far as to furnish fuel, water and other like nec essaries to the camper. The news soon pread among tourists and hundreds took advantage of the opportunity to spend the night amid pleasant sur roundings and with a hospitable peo ple. hile the Commercial club is casting bout with a view to furthering the material interests of Dallas, it might with propriety consider the sugges tion here offered. The plan has been worked out successfully in other places; it can be in Dallas. throughout the battle area, one won ders whether the life of the. Austrian archduke, whose assassination was made the pretext for the war, was really worth more than the scores and hundreds of thousands who have been sent to death to "avenge" this slight against royalty. In this case the scales of justice seem sadly out of balance. SERBIA'S SAD PLIGHT. The desperate plight of Serbia is enough to elicit honest sympathy, without laying the sympathizer open to the charge of uiiueutrality. Ser bia, almost surrounded by enemies of vastly superior stiength, is fight ing pluckily and desperately for her very existence, and may have to give up the struggle unless the "unex pected" hapeiis. We are told that even the women of Serbia are fight ing side by side with their men folks, which suHk'iently discloses the spirit of sheer desperation which prevails among the people there. But they are being crowded back, slowly but sure ly, gradually hemmed in and caught between the jaws of a great military trap closing from two directions, and unless relief reaches them soon it is inevitable thev must succumb in the unequal coutest. Serbia has been the football of the present war from the start. In fact Serbia was made the pretext for the starting of this great conflict, which already has wrought wastes and loss es unparalleled in history. An Aus trian archduke was murdered in Serbian-Austria, as one of the products of an attempt to hold a people in oppression against their will. Aus tria chose to hold Serbia responsible, and sent an ultimatum that could not be complied with, and that was not intended to be complied with. Thougli Seiuia went unimaginably far m meeting this- cruel demand, still Aus tria refused to be satisfied, and touch ed the match to the train of powder leading to the mine that blew up Eur ope. The entire area of Serbia is only about 34.000 square miles. Its popu lation before the war was 4.600,000. Since the outbreak of the war it has made heroic sacrifices to defend it self and maintain its integrity, and even if this hope is fulfilled it will be a sadly battered, sorrow-burdened and half-decimated nation that will survive. And it may not survive, lor the odds are greatly against it at present and the great steamroller of the war is daily crushing the life out of this plucky little nation, whose only hope lies in the speedy arrival of relief from its ally friends. Viewing this impending tragedy, together with all the other terrible destruction of life and property. MUTUAL INTERESTS. The Portland Evening Telegram has resorted to questionable methods in its fight against the lumber mills and interests of the Willamette val ley. With irradiant front page ar ticles this metropolitan sheet has been attacking Oregon's largest tax-payer, the Southern Pacific railroad, as well as the state's greatest revenue pro ducer, the lumber industry. Port land is evidently the entire state with The Telegram. But Portland was on ly a small part of the state when the same irreproachable sheet so eagerly attacked the saloons and asked the state's support for statewide prohibi tion. Portland is the, entire state in the untruthful and unwarranted at tack that is receiving the attention of the winged newspaper. "How do you stand f Are you tor or against Portland? Are youi in favor of seeing everything filched away from us by the railroads? We permit impositions and exactions such are steadily driving away trom us payrolls already secured that have contributed mightily to our upbuild ing. Is tins DusinessT is mis com mon sense? hy should we not light any road that is fighting us? The Southern Pacific is not a Portland road in any sense except in the sense of exploitation. Portland is not in the field asking for anything but a snuare deal." With such illogical and 'childish arguments The Telegram is attacking the very fiber of Portland's exist ence. It is cutting to the quick the hand that feeds that. city. But the great fortune of the thing is that The Telegram does not very well repre sent Portland. The Chamber of Com merce, which has received virulence from the evening paper for its inac tivity in the quarrel, pays little at tention to the paper, and the citizens who have built up Portland while the Telegram has been striving for a live lihood among them, do not find much time to sympathize with its rabid ut terances. The Telegram doesn't think. The Willamette valley lumber industry needs, and needs badly, any slight ad vantage it has in railroad rates. Port land has the advantage of water transportation that is denied the val ley. The Telegram attacks the rail road company because, it gives the valley that advantage. That paper would see Portland enjoy the lumber business that the valley mills have. It would take this business from the valley. But what if the valley took the lifeblood from Portland by send ing its orders for merchandise to California? What if the valley did not ship its crops to Portland for the brokers, and the jobbers, and the shippers to derive a profit therefrom? What if the valley refused to allow Portland to supply its markets with finished products? It is just possible that the illogical Telegram would sing a different song perhaps its swan song. "The Southern Pacific is not a Portland railroad," says The Tele gram. Perhaps no more a Portland road than it is an all-Oregon road, as it should be. But if the Southern Pacific got too far away from Oregon and Portland to be forced to contrib ute its many thousands of dollars each year to the treasury of the state. not to mention the direct payments to the treasury of Multnomah county, and the city itself, then The Tele-j gram would well what would happen to it? If the Southern Pacific did uot support, thousands of Portland workmen, paying them top wages and enabling them in turn to pay their taxes into the beautiful city some thing else again, isn't is? But the people of Portland are not to be in fluenced by such unwarranted attacks upon its heart strings. Portland can not get along without the trade from the Willamette valley. It would per ish miserably from the face of the earth. Portland can no better do without the Southern Pacific, even thouch that road "is not a Portland road in any sense except in the sense of exploitation," than it can do'with- out the Willamette valley should such attacks as .The Telegram is making be successful in ruining the prosper ity of the vslley through the crip pling of its greatest industry. The Chamber of Commerce and citizens of Portland should put the lid on the attack and turn a deaf ear to any thing of a character that threatens the great eity's welfare. of the American Revolution are pro moting patriotism to a marked degree. The flag presented to Judge Belt last Thursday by a representative of the order is of silk, hand embroidered, and fouir by six feet m size. It will be held unfurled by a bailiff while ap plicants are taking the regulation oath to support the constitution and laws of the United States and to defend the flag of this country and what it represents, thus making this import ant ceremony still more impressive. It was thoughtful of the originator of the plan to furnish each court of the state with the emblem. The National Institution for Moral Instruction has offered a prize of $0, 000 for a moral code. Are we to understand then that the ten com mandments have become obsolete? Chile now wants to borrow some $15,000,000, and naturally is looking to this country to supply it. And as the United States is now in the bus iness of accommodating its friends and neighbors, doubtless Chile will get what she wants. OTHERS' OPINIONS Don't Set the Brakes. Editor: It every citizen will dis play as loyal support as The Observer does to second the efforts of the men who today are trying to advance the interests of Dallas, three very desir able results will follow: First, those men, whose generosity and patriotism prompt them to devote their time and energy for the common good, would feel that their efforts are appreciated. Second, backed by the unanimous support of all citizens, projects could be more readily accomplished and dif ficulties attacked and surmounted with more courage and determination Third, every citizen, humble or great, poor or rich, will be more like ly to secure benefits from the work of these men. It is not necessary that we should all contribute money to the cause of attracting diversified interests to our city. It is not necessary that we should all contribute. time to the work, bu it is imperative that every man, woman and child should shout, sing and lisp the praises of those who step aside from their daily tasks and take up the people's burden. I hope you will pardon this intru sion into your columns and pardon al so the degree of emphasis I seek to express in conveying the above thought to the public. As 1 have at tempted for years to assist in accom plishing results of this kind, no man knows, better than 1 do, how hard it is to create a general, favorable sen- eiment for a good purpose when one- third of the community approve, one third "damn with faint praise," and one-third are indifferent or opposed. Remember the story of the locomotive engineer, who was crowding on the last pound of steam to make the top ot the hill, when the brakeinan, a pes simist, who knew it couldn't be done, set the brakes. Don't be a brakeman who uses the brake. Get off and push. Dallas is over the divide. The hard sledding is past, if we all pull .together and no one sets a brake. -Optimist. R. L. Cornell, Missourian, printer, Monmouth scout master, musician and Normal school student, accompanied the Normal school orchestra to Dallas on Friday. NOTICE OF APPOINTMENT OP ADMINISTRATOR. Notice is herebv ?iven that the un dersigned, S.S. Duncan, has been by an order of the County Court of Polk County, State of Oregon, duly ap pointed as the administrator of the estate of Irvin Dunn, deceased, and he has duly qualified as such adminis trator. Therefore all persons having claims against said estate are hereby notified and required to present the same properly verified, to the undersigned administrator at his office in the Coun ty house at McMinnville, in Yamhill County, state of Oregon, or to said administrator at the residence of H. L. Fenton, at Dallas, in Polk County, State of Oregon, within six months from the date of the first publication of this notice. Dated this the 25th day of October, 1015. S. S. DUNCAN, Administrator of said estate. FRANK W. FENTON, Attorney for said estate. Date of first publication of this no tice is October 26, 1915. Date of last publication of this no tice is November 23, 1915. THOUGHTFUL. Thst the presence of the stsrs and stripes will make judicial proceedings in naturalizing aliens more impres sive must be admitted by every patri otic citizen, and hence it may be said that in presenting the Polk coun ty circuit court with a flag to be displayed on such occasions the Sons NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT. Notice is hereby given that the un dersigned as executors or the estate of John H. Ground, deceased, have filed their final account in the County Court of the State of Oregon, for Polk Countv, and that Saturday, the 20th day of November, 1915. at the hour of one o'clock in the afternoon of said day, at the court room of the said county court, in the city of Dallas. Oregon, has been appointed by said Court as the time and place for hearing of objections to the said final account, and the settlement thereof. ROBERT F. GROUND WILLIAM H. GROUND JOHNNIE M. GROUND Executors of the estate of John H. Ground, deceased. U D. BROWN J. R. SIBLEY, S7-5t. Attorneys for the estate. And this secret spake Life tin to me: "Behold I am that which must ever surpass itself." Zarathustra. In each succeeding act we must be greater than in the one previous. We must surpass ourselves. PHOTOGRAPHS MAKE THE BEST CHRISTMAS GIFTS Now is the best time to order C. B. STONE The Photographer in your town (tm aooo ouoat, sses flwiiwh knows wi what j IMKID FOR W-B CUT CHtWINS THAT ORDINARY TOBACCO AINT UVSTAm OOD.AND you 0U4HT TO KNOW IT TOO. i BEATS ALU MSN WONT Vwi THS OLD KIND. ATTCRTHCV' FIND OUT ABOVT THS, REAL TOBACCO CNSK, A SK your dealer for W-B Gut Chewing Tobacco. It is the new "Real Tobacco Chew" cut long shred or send 10c in stamps to us. WEYMAN-BRUTON COMPANY, 50 Union Square, New York City "Everything is Done Electrically Now" "Yes, boy, in my day we had long lines of overhead shafting with flapping belts right at our elbows. We had to watch close or get hurt. There were lots of accidents. Then too, every time we wanted to change speed we had to throw a running belt. There were only three or four speeds at that." "You can't realize how easy we have it here with these G-E motors that will give you any speed you want by simply turning a crank that can't go wrong." ' G-E motors will help you avoid accidents and in crease production. Ask THE OREGON POWER CO. LET US EXPLAIN OUR NEW COOKING RATE TO YOU iOrinting... THE KIND THAT SATISFIES There's nothing too large, nor too small, for as to tackle. Our facilities are unequalled In this sec tion, while our workmen have that "touch" so nec essary In the execution of "good work." . . . THE FOLK COUNTY OBSERVER Try An Observer Want Ad If You Want Anything