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University of Ore l.ijir-.jv
DAILY EDITION auAmt paw, tosmmam coc m, oubqoh. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 10, 1918. WHOLE NUMBER UKi. 01 Ctrl n m of ns t co Ufa 350 AMERICAN PLANES OROP GERMAN 'A XTO.N MKNTM la MILKS NORTH OF VPIIH X WERE Oil JWT OF ATTACK MIES LOSE ONLY ONE PLANE Yank AvUtora Ifcwtroy Five Knrmjr Airvlmr and One lUlluoa Yesterday With th Americans Northwest of Verdun. Oct. 10. An American bombing expedition, consisting of orr 350 machlnei, dropped 32 torn of explosives on German canton ment 12 miles north of Verdun. Twelve enemy machine! were des troyed. One entente plane failed to return. The American planet destroyed or Drought down (Ire Gorman machine! and one balloon yesterday. A British Port. Oct. 10. The large Japanese steamship, lit m no Hani, waa torpedoed and mink off the Irish, coast. It la believed that 300 Uvea were lout. Many women and children went down with the ahlp, which Hank within seven min utes after being struck. An Ameri can destroyer picked up some of the urvivors. The vessel was outward bound for Japan. With the French Army, Oct. 10. The blows. which Murshul Foeh has delivered in the Champagne sector have nut only wrested from the Ger mans moHt Important positions: which they have held since 1914 at an Inestimable sacrifice of men and tnutorlal, but appear to have thrown iiravoHt apprehension into the ranks TONS OF BOMBS a of the enemy. A German soldier found In a ruined village surrender-1 ed, trembling with fear. "What are you afraid of?" his cap tor Inquired. "We are not going to harm you." With the acrid smoll of iblackened masonry In his nostrils, with smoke still rising from a village fired by his companions In plain sight and with puffs of blue smoke from Ger man poisonous shells marking the line of the Sulppe a little further bank, the captive rejoined: "iBut what will the French sol diers do when they get Into Ger many?" Amsterdam, Oct. 10. A revolt has broken out In Bruges, Belgium, the populace having arisen against the attempts of the Germans to do port Belgian civilians, according to reports. The Germans used ma chine guns and wounded numerous Belgians. PRICEFORCHROME IS rrico-FUlog ('ununittno la .New York Gives Ittltf Price Their lm slderaUoa Washington, Oct. 10. The urlc.e of chrome ore over which there la soma question, was substantially fix ed at a meeting of the price-fixing committee In New York several days ago, and Information as to 'price came from the Iron and Steel Trade Press In a letter to Congressman Sin nott under date of October 3. Huch W. Sandford, chief of the chemical division of the ferro alloys section of the war Industrie board, substan tially confirms the price statement as to output and the price as follows: "We are of the opinion that the domestic cbromlte will be consumed and purchased during the first half of 1919 at a rate proportionate to the 1918 production. It would be Impossible to announce a price schedule at this time for 1919, as conditions are very uncertain. It Is also hoped that the trade will take off the market, during the remain der of 1918, the or that Is offered at the advertised price of the Cali fornia Chrome company, and that has prevailed during the summer of 1918. The buyers of chrome ore re being asked to purchase freely at this time, to consume the ore now being offered, although It Is true that 'he stock on hand are fairly Urge. It Is doirbtles to be a Dart of the program that the Imports will he reduced to the lowest possible amount during the next several months, and restrictions as to the use of chromlte will be removed. In fact thoy have already been removed so that the consumption of chromlte will probably Increase. We believe that the situation will straighten it self out." Copenhagen. Oct. 10. The German relchstag has been summoned to meet on October 12 according to the Berlin Tag- eblatt. Chancellor Maxlmilan's re- cent speech and the political sit uution will ! taken under dls- cimslon. APPOINTED TO OFFICE, IS NOW A CANDIDATE Conrad P. Olson, who was recent ly appointed by Governor Wlthy- cotoIk. to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Justice Frank K. Moore. has v announced his candidacy for J election by the voters next month. Justice Olson resides at Portland. a- CASUALTY LIST The following casualties are re ported by the commanding general of the American expeditionary forces for today: Killed In action 80 Missing In action 105 Wounded severely .... 338 Died of wounds 13 Died of accident 14 Died of disease 30 Wounded, degree undetermined 4 Total R84 Wounded severelyHomer McGiv en, Portland; Albert O. Anderson, Knappa, Ore. Marine Vrp Killed In action 19 Wounded In action, severely 15 Died of disease .. 2 Died of wounds 4 In hands of enemy 2 Total . 42 ADJUSTED 250,000 HONS RETREAT rrnnn ti ir- rKUIvl IHh ALLIhlJ UKIVE Eyacaatioi of Entire Uon Le Cateau Americans, Britbk and French Adyance 15 Miles in 2 Days, HaYe Enemy at Their Mercy Paris, Oct. 10. Vigorously press ing their advantage gained by break ing the German line between Cam bra! and St. Quentln, the allies have widened the great wedge to such an extent that the entire Gorman, front northward from Rhelms appears to be collapsing. The evacuation of the entire Laon area will follow the taking of Le Cateau, cutting the last lateral rail road connecting the German north ern front and the Laoa salient. A quarter of a million Germans are In full retreat. In some places the allied advance has exceeded IS mllea during the last two days. Apparently the first step In the great general retreat by the Germans which seems inevitable, baa begun. North of Cambrat the Canadians attacked and penetrated deeply also. The British marched through Ber- try without opposition. They reach ed the outskirts of Trolsvillers and hold Maurols and Honnechy. barge forces of the enemy have been seen from the air fleeing well to the east of l.e Cateau. Ma ret x fell early and the British reached Buslgny and passed quickly mrougn Hohaln. These are bnly a few of more than a score of towns captured. Many thousands of prisoners and quantities of field and machine guns were taken, as well as vast stores of other booty, which the enemy did not have time to blow up or set afire. London, Oct. 10. The attack by the Anglo-Americans between St, Quentln and Cambral last night re sulted In continued advances. The British are within two miles of iLe Cateau and have captured Sal llumlnes and Noyelles. The allies have reached a point where It was certain that the German lines could be cracked with probably one hard blow. The allies attacked again to day, With the Americans Northwest of Verdun. Oct. 10. General Persh ing's Infantry went Into action today on the Ml wing of the Argonne for est. The enemy is trying to with draw from the pocket. I,omlon, Oct. Cambral Is In Field Marshal 10. The whole of British possession, Halg reported last Stockholm, Oct. 10. There are persistent rumors here that Emper or Wilhelm has abdicated. Paris, Oct. 1. The German min ister of foreign affairs will appoint a committee of officials, parliamen tarians and Jurists to tram a German plan for a league of nations, accord ing to Basel reports. London, Oct. 10. It is reported from Vienna that the Austro-Wnn-garlnn ministerial council has decid ed to Introduce national autonomy "In order to make President Wil son's stipulation an accomplished fact," says a Copenhagen dispatch. PEACE TALK MA N SSUE CENTRA V, , . Sector Will Follow Fall of night from headquarters. The Can adians were the first to enter the town. In the great defeat Inflicted on the Germans yeaterday 10,000 pris oner and from 100 to 200 guns were captured. The statement says: "We Inflicted a heavy defeat on the enemy Tuesday between St. Quentln and Cambral, taking over 10,000 prisoners and between 100 and 200 guns. "No lesa than 23 German divisions were engaged on this front; they were severely handled. "The whole of Cambral la In our possession. The Canadians entered the town from the north at an early hour Wednesday morning, while at a later hour English troops of the third army passed through the northern portion of the town. "Since August 21 the British first, third and fourth armies have brok en, through the whole elaborate series of deep defensive zones built up with successive belts of heavily fortified trench lines. Including the entire Hindenbnrg system on a front of over 35 miles from St. Quentln to Arras. Having penetrated this bat tie area to a depth of between 30 and 40 miles, our troops are now operating far beyond and east of the Hlndenburg defenses. "In the process of these operations and since the date mentioned we have Inflicted very heavy losses on the enemy In killed and wounded and have taken over 110,000 prls oners and 1,200 guns. "This feat of arms has been per formed by British troops who had already withstood the first heaviest onslaught of the enemy's main forces in the spring. Only the endurance and determined spirit of these troops permitted them to pass to the offen sive with such conspicuous success. By their heroic action in defense and attack the men from all parts of the British empire have proved them selves soldiers of the highest order. "The advance continues this after noon, we have reached the general line of Bohain, Busalgny, Can dry ond Caurlor." London, Oct. 10. Thev Serbians are pursuing the defeated Austrtans and have entered Leskovats, 22 miles south of Ntsh. LrftlllTftft I II liAlL I IV P 1 1111 1" If I I I II I I ill I w I I LI IV The Czech party did not participate in the deliberations, but Is holding a meeting today and starting a move ment favoring a proclamation sep arating Hungary and Austria, and the movement is making rapid pro gress among the people in the dual monarchy, according to reports. Basel, Switzerland, Oct. 10. "Only military reasons could compel us to accept President Wilson's con ditions," says the Cologne Gazette. The Gazette say it is possible that Germany may require counter guar antees, for example, the evacuation of the colonies now occupied by the allies. GERMANY FEARS F E -L Great Excitement Pro all Over Threat of Revenge When Potla Reach Hon Territory London, Oct. 10. There are Indi cations that the' Germans are be coming anxious as a consequence of the threat of reprisals for the des truction of town In France, afforded by a telegram from the semi-official Wolff Bureau received in Stockholm saying that Douai was burning "as a result of the continuous British bombardment.' MACKENSEX TO RESCUE AUSTRO-GERMAN REMNANTS Geneva, Oct. 10. A Vienna dis patch received here says that Ger man Field Marshal Mackensen has arrived in Old Serbia, not to aid the Bulgarian, bnt In order to save the remnants of the Anstro-German forces, which the allies are closely following toward the Danube. The 'Bulgarians refused to obey the German officers. The dispatch adds that the Aus- trlans are evacuating (Belgrade and that as the Serbians advance the whole Serbian population I taking it revenge. Even women with rifle are driving out their former oppres sor. The 'women have suffered so much that It Is difficult to restrain them. BIG AIRPLANE CARRIES PIANO OYER CHANNEL Paris, Oct. 10. One of the new allied bombing planea, In order to demonstrate its carrying capacity, has brought from London to Paris a full-sized upright piano. The machine landed In Paris safe ly after ltB flight across the English channel. The airplane is capable of carry Ing six persons and much bombing explosives. When this weight Is measured in pounds, however, It is not readily comprehended and it was'determin ed to bring over a piano as clear evidenoe of the machine's capacity. FEAR MANY LOST ON An Atlantic Port, Oct. 10. The sinking by a submarine of a large American steamship, with the prob able loss of many of the crew, Is re ported by a British freighter, which has arrived with 20 of the survivors. WIN WAR THEN TALK ABOUT PEACE SAYS T. R. Oyster Bay, N. Y., Oct. 10. Col onel Theodore Roosevelt made the following statement tonight on Pres ident Wilson's response to the Ger man peaoe proposal: "Four days ago and again and asaln prlor to that time' 1 881(1 that thi8 war 8ht t0 be fought through "nt" we secure tne unconditional surrender of Germany and her vassal allies Austria and Turkey. This statement I unqualifiedly adhere. I fear that President Wilson's latest announcement will be treated as an Invitation to further note-writing. "The effort to fight and to nego tiate at the same time Is apt to dim- age the fighting end ot the combina tion. I believe that our sole aim should be to win the war and not to discuss peaoe terms with the enemy until the war has been won." Paris, Oct. 10. "The note could not be improved upon; substitute Paris for Washington and the date line might have been dictated here," is an epitome of French opinion as indicated by. the popular reception of President Wilson's document- RENCH REVEMG TURKEY IS IN DESPERATE ST! CRISIS NOW DUE AT CONST AN- TINOPLB AND GOVERNMENT ON VERGE OF COLLAPSE PRO-GERMANS ARE L0SEN8 OUT View la Held io Washington That worn Empire I Ready for Unconditional Surrender Washington, Oct. 10. The non appearance of a Turkish peace note and report of Impending far 'reach ing event in Constantinople ha strengthened the view hero that th situation in Turkey Is desperate. It Is believed that the pro-Gennaa government faces utter collaDse. and that the Turkish government will make a direct appeal for peaoa at any price. The state department has heard that representatives of the various, factions in Turkey have already ap pealed to officials of the allies ; at SaaonlkL. promising tr accept- - -Biconditional terms.' -.r 7 , ' .7 . BY AN AUTOMOBILE Ashland, Oct. 10. In recording a fatality due to an automobile acci dent, the long-expected has happen ed on local streets. Miss Marv Kir sebbaum was the victim and the tra gedy occurred on Tuesday afternoon about 3 o'clock, near the First Na tional bank corner. Bert Hawkes was the driver of the car which was in the Jitney service. He waa aolnst east and Mips Kirecbbaum was cros sing tne street at that point. She was seen to hesitate after lea vine the curb. Hawkes also slowed his car, taking it for granted shp would wait until he passed. With an evi dently mistaken idea on the part of both, Miss Klrschbaum attempted to hurry across, was struck by the car and dragged some distance, beinz fatally injured. She was taken Into Foley's drug store. and lived about half an hour after the accident. Con cussion of the brain and internal in juries are attributed as the cause of death. Miss Klrschbaum was 69 years ot age, and had resided in Ashland tor over ten years. She had lately rent ed the family residence on Nob Hill and removed to Iowa street. She was a sister of iHenry C. Klrschbaum who died In this city in 1913. Her only known relative In this state Is Ed ward Spath, of Gresham, in Multno mah county, who is a nephew. Bert Hawkes, driver of the car. U the son of S. A. Hawkes, the family home being In Ashland. He state that he has driven a car about six months. The coroner's inquest will be held today. THE TURKS EVACUATE F London, Oct. 10. French and British warships which entered Bet rut, the chief seaport of Syria, Sun day, 'discovered that the town had been evacuated by the Turks. British and Indian Infantry have occupied the town.