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VOli. IX1., No. 30. GKAHTV PAM, J08EPHIXB OOCTY, OREGON. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 89, 1918. WHOLE NUMBER 2501. NEW AUSTRIAN PEACE NOTE IS RECEIVED WHILE AUSTRIAN'S (X)TIMK TO HGIIT WEAKLY IN SOUTH, THEV CRY FOR PEACE niri HAYS ANSWERS WIL SOU s CRUSHING POLITICAL DEFEAT lUvlf Viewed la lxndon aa "I' neon dlftonal Hurmnikr and Itrmove DouM About Hun Defeat" Umiloj, rt. StM The Even- tag Nw says that the alllra will lanUt upon IliK surreudnr of llwi (irrmaa flw. Including all ilia submarine, and the oc- 4 4 rupatiun Ihy Ue allies of . all 4 fortified town oa the Rhine 4 - 4 farin, Oct, a Vienna news- 4 4 paiwf-a declare that Germany 4 4 and! Aunti-tit-Hungary will caplt- 4 4 ulate without delay. 4 Washington. Oct. 29. Ths new Austrian note, asking Cor an armls ttce and peace, has been recolved. To text l Identical with that cabled by the 'Associated Press from Basel yesterday. London, Oct. 29. Auatrla'a reply to the president la viewed aa uncon ditional surrender. The Telegraph says: "It remove any lingering doubt m to the total defeat of Germany for which, besides tolng a moat grave military misfortune, It In yolves an ultimate crushing military defeat, as It destroys the monstrous fabric known aa Pan-Germanism." Copenhagen, Oct. 29. Archduke Joseph haa Issued a proclamation stating that Emperor Charles of Aus trla has charged him with the task of securing the complete Indepen donee of Hungary, according to Budapest dispatch. Copenhagen, Oct. 29. An inde pendent anti-dynasties state haa been formed In Hungary, under the lead ership of Count Michael Karolyl, In agreement with the Czechs and Slav niana, according to Vienna reports. In a speech at Budapest, Karolyl de clared he had presented his program to Emperor Charles, who refused to accept. Karolyl thereupon put . Into effect his plan for an independent state. Haya IVmldent Haa Ceatloned the Motives and Fidelity of ItepublW ran in Congress New York. Oct. 29 Will H. Hays, chairman of the republican national committee, made public bers a state ment In which be replied in behalf of his party to President Wilson's appeal to the nation to return a democratic congress. In bis state ment Mr. Hays said: "President Wilson baa questioned the motives and fidelity of your rep resentatives in congress. He bas thereby Impugned their loyalty and denied their patriotism. His chal lenge Is to you who elected thoae representatives. You owe It to them, to the honor of your great party and to your own self-respect to meet that challenge aquarely, not only as re publicans, but as Americana. I. as your chairman, call upon you to do It. "Mr. Wilson accords the republi cans no credit whatever for having supported the 'war, measures' pro posed by his administration although they have done so with greater unanimity than the members of hla own party. Despite that fact he ac cuses them ot having tried to usurp his proper functions. At no time, In no way, have they tried to tajes the control.of the wsr out of his hsnds. The president knows that. Ths country knows It. You know It. It Is an Insult, not only to every loyal republican In congress, but to every loyal republican In the land. It fully merits ths resentment which rightfully and surely will find expression at the polls. "Mr. Wilson grudgingly sdmlts that the republicans have been 'pro war.' Then why does he demand their defeat? Because they are still pro-war? Hardly that; no. It is because they are for peace though, not without, victory. Because they do not believe laating peace can be obtained through negotiations; he cause they consider that U. S.' atands for unconditional surrender as well as for the United States and Uncle Sam. The democratic party does not. Mr. Wilson does not. There Is the Issue, clear as tl noon day sun. The country will decide. ' "Mr. Wilson wants only rubber stamps his rubber stamps in con gress. He says so. No one knows it better than democratic congress men "But Mr. Wilson's real purpose has nothing to do with the conduct or the war. He haa had that from the beginning, has it now, and no- SeiM BROKEN American, French, British and Italians AD Swing on The Austriaus-Advance on 30 Mile Front, Cct Main Com munication Lines and Take 15,000 Prisoners With the Allies on the Piave, Oct. 29. The Austrians have been dealt a smashing blow by the allies, who bsve made new advances, pushing forward as far as Vayolla, whlob was taken by the Italians. TURKEY PRESENTS PEACE PROPOSALS Would Settle Matters Independently of Germany, Whose Federal Council Would 111 Constitution London, Oct 29. Turkey has in dependent! presented peace pro posals to the entente nations, ac cording to a Constantinople report. Negotiations are expected to soon, It Is admitted. ON THE YANKS POISON GAS AND HIGH EXPLO SIVES USED, BUT AMERICANS REPLY WITH BIG GUNS end front, between ConegUano and Oder zo, where the allies have . advanced three miles. Troops and supplies are being rushed up end the allies evi dently Intend to force the offensive to the utmost. East of the Oise the French are encircling Guise. The British along the Tigris river in Mesopotamia, have again defeat ed the Turks and have advanced 10 miles. . . With the Allies on ths Plavs. Oct 29. The last lines of Austro-Hun- garlan resistance on the central po sitions along the Plave were broken yesterday by the British, French and Italians. Italian Headquarters, Oct. 29. Paris. Oct. 28. The allies main- ConegUano bas been captured by tain their progress east of the Plave the allied forces, and the whole al and have taken over 15,000 prls- "ed line bas advanced oners. ' The allies are now threatening Rome, Oct. 29. The battle on the the Important railway points of Con-i Plave is continuing notoriously for egllano and Oderxo, and are within , the allies. The Italians have storm- two miles of both. They also threat-jed the heights of Dobbla Dende ana en two of the three railway lines sup-: have entered Susegano. Numerous Copenhagen, Oct. 29. The Ger man federal council has approved a bill amending the Imperial constltu tlon in form as adopted by the Telch- atag, says a Berlin telegram. The reichst&g bill places the military au thorities under control of the civil government, and Ludendorff's retire ment Is reported to be due to this. Athens, Oct. 29. Rioting broken out at Constantinople Smyrna, It Is reported." The mans were attacked) In both cities. porting ths Austro-Hungarlans. The allied forces havs also thrown their forees serosa the Plave on a guns have been taken. , The French, stormed Mont Pton arbi. Over .4.000 prisoners were SO mile front. The heaviest fight-. taken yesterday and have been tng is being done along a seven mile counted. GREAT IMPROVEMENTS IN FLYING MACHINES " tance flying, however, he continued, it would be necessary to evolve silent engine, tor the public would not be willing to take lengthy trips noisy airplanes. EVANS CREEK TO FORM oe AN IRRIGATION DISTRICT has . . , . London, Oct. 29. No other velopmont in human history shown so remarkable reauits as nas farmers of the Evans Creek nying m tne last iu years, says wra dlBtrlct wiu Tote npon tne creation Montagu of Beaulleu, a British sci- of M lrrgation district on October enlist and aviation expert. ;3i tne Med ford Tribune, fh "When the. Wright brothers visit- pr0p08ei district will include land ed Europe ten years ago, ne said, ,a the Evana Creek district, now wat- "the airplane engines were or u- ered by tne tiow of tne itream, and horse power. Today they are ot 750 otner Und fining . It is proposed horse power in some cases ana tne t0 additional water by the airplane's carrying capacity oas in- construction of storage reservoirs to creased from about 128 pounds to sappiement the stream flow at a cost Stt tons. '0f from $250,000 to $300,000. ' Ten thousand feet was tnen tne hlRhest flight 26,000 .1 Today we are doing And while 40 miles an hour WILL ATTEMPT TO SECURE REDUCED RATES ON CHROME The application for reduced rates I may not on chrome ore from southern Ore' is son points to 'Baltimore, Md., and TRICK OF COPPER TO STAY AT 26 CENTS Washington, Oct. 28. President Wilson today approved a continuance of the present price of copper at 26 cents a pound until January 1. MONSTER GUNS OF All si; IA 1 NO PEACE TALK ON THE MANY B&TTLE FRONTS Washington, Oct. 29. While both Germany and Austria are seeking to sweure a cessation of hostilities and Turkey also is reported to be fav orably disposed toward peace, the entente allied troops on all the bat tle fronts are giving no heed to peace proposals, but are continuing without mercy to drive their foes be fore them. And in all the battle cones the allies are meeting with marked suc cess. In France the German battle line Is slowly disintegrating under violence of the allied offensive. was then the highest speed, today we are approaching 160. "The British army in France be gan with only 36 planes. give the number today, but It body dreams of Interfering with his. huge." j other eastern points Is now before control. He wants Just two things. Long flights to and from Amerl- the Portland district freight traffic One is full power to settle tne war.ca, tor instance woum oe possioie committee or tne rauroaa aaminis precisely as be and his sole, unelect- after the war. Lord Montagu said, tration. 1 Those desiring to present ed, unappotnted, unconfirmed per-1 adding that he himself hoped some their views must do so in writing be- sonal adviser may determine. The day to' fly to India. For long-dls- fore November 5. Medford Tribune, other is full power as the unembar rassed spokesman In affairs at home, as he actually demands in his state ment to reconstruct in peace times the great industrial affairs of the na tion In the same way, In unimpeded conformity with whatever socialistic dortrlns, whatever unlimited gov ernment ownership notions, what ever ha.zy whims may happen to pos sess him at the time, hut first and above all with absolute commitment to tree trade with all the world, thus giving to Germany out ot hand the fruits of a victory greater than she could win by fighting a hundred years. A republican congress win never assent to that. Do you want a congress that will? Germany does." SHATTER THE ENTIRE GERMAN R has and Ger-the CASUALTY LIST The following casualties are re ported by the commanding general ot ' the American expeditionary fnrcpa for tnAar' Killed In action .. , . . & Missing in action .. 65 Wounded severely . 99 Died of wounds 43 Died of accident 10 Died of disease 92 Wounded, degree undetermtned-145 Wounded slightly . . 40 Prisoners 2 n MMH TARGETS 1 15 MILES AM British is Bitter Fight Northwest of Famais Pebeny's Forces Clos In oa City of Guise With the Americans Northwest of Verdun, Oct. 29. The enemy open- ed a furious bombardment with gas and high explosive shells this mora- . lng. The American artillery re sponded. The American patrols are active. In connection wltn this general movement the Americans northwest ot Verdun have begun aa operation which possibly may have important, results. For the first time since the Americans entered the wsr they havs ' opened fire against the back lines of' the enemy with their new long-range guns and are now heavily bombard-. lng Longuyon, soma IS miles' dls-. tant from" the American first-line po sitions. Should the blasting process' prove effective in' blazing '. S ' trail along the Meuse for a quick advance by the Americans, It !s-not Improb able that a German retreat from the region east of St. Quentin, northeast-' ward of Luiembnrg will be necessitated. Total . ....550 YOCKOXERS ARE LEAVING - ALASKA FOR THE' WINTER Juneau, Alaska, ' Oct 11. (By Mail). Alaska's old stampede spir it Is showing in a rush to the outside this fall. Many northerners now flocking back to the states don't know where they are going but they are on their way, declared Governor Thomas Riggs, Jr., ot (Alaska when he returned here recently from a tour of the territory. Reports ot high wages on the out side, it is . said, are drawing many south. This fall's unprecedented ex odus will reduce the territory's white population to about 19,000, the governor predicted. Governor Riggs declared he de plored the spirit of unrest sweeping Alaska but asserted he believed the many who are going out now will return when the war ends. I Washington, Oct. 29. The Amer ican troops are on the verge of ac tive participation In a great war on ' the third major front. This was the interpretation of the news from' Italian headquarters that the Amer icans were standing In reserve be- -hind the British and Italian forces, now drawing across the Plave river. Paris, Oct. 29. General Debeny's First army continues to close in on Guise and have captured the German first line trenches and barracks and hospital In Guise. South of Guise the French have passed beyond the Louvry farm, and also continue to progress on the right bank of the rPeron river. With the British Armies, Oct. 29. Bttter fighting la going on today northwest of Famars and south' of) Valenciennes. . . . . REQUIREMENTS OF 8. A. T. C. ENTRANCE ARE CHANGED T With ths American Army North- Its range probably is not so gret INFORMATION FURNISHED In San Francisco and other cities where great numbers of soldiers col lect the War Camp Community Ser vice is establishing Information bu reaus for their use. west ot Verdun, Oct. 29. 'American long-range guns yesterday afternoon began firing on Longuyon.' The town ot Longuyon. is 23 miles northeast ot Verdun. The American long-ran i t'.re is also being direct ed against the vital Voled-Rocade. on the railway line paralleling ' the front. The Germans are depending on this road to shut their troops and supplies from one point to an other. '. . ') , Ths caliber of the gun is not an nounced as yet, but the gun can shoot many miles. The weapon is said to be Infinitely more formidable than the big guns with which the Germans bombarded Paris, though The results ot the bombardment have not yet been announced. For days the long-range guns have been on the American secto.1, maneuvering for position from which they might successfully bombard the Sedan-Carl gnan-Montmedy-Longuyon line. The cutting ot thlg line, toward which the Americans have been pressing constantly, would mean the virtual collapse of the entire Ger man front to the Dutch border. Even to Interrupt the railroad intermit tently would be a huge gain, since most ot the German relief divisions sent against the Americans have been brought In over that line. University of Oregon, Eugene, 0:t, 29. Men over 18, with or Without high school diplomas, will now be admitted to the S. A. T. C. at the university, following word received from the committee on education and spectal training in Washington, D. C, October 24. "In order to maintain authorized quota ot your limit, induct if forms are avallableeligible applicants tor S. A. T. C. to replace vacancies caus ed by transfer to officers' training schools,' the telegram reads. The men must be 18 and must be able to pass the physical examination and demonstrate to the examining board that they have the necessary qualifications to keep np with the class work In the S. A. T. C. TRIAL OF CAILLAUX AND TWO DEPUTIES HAS BEGUN Paris, Oct. 29. The trial of ex Premier Caillaux and two deputies has begun by the French senate. s As proof that the "dirt" around Leland contains platinum, as well as gold, C. F. Foss, of Leland, brought to the Courier office today a letter from Baker & Co., ot Newark, N. J., written to H. K. Miller ot Leland. The letter In part, follows: "We are enclosing herewith a check tor $52.06, representing the value of your shipment ot crude plat inum. We have placed a value of $82.51 per ounce on your material, which contained 71.2 per cent plat inum, and 16.4 per cent osmi-lrld-lum, payment tor the former being at the rate of $105 per troy- ounce and tor the latter $47.25 per ounce." This platinum, states Mr. Foss, was taken from the old gold sluice boxes several years ago by Mr. Mil ler, who only recently sent it In. The land now belongs to the Oregon Land & Power Co., ' whose head quarters are at Cleveland, Ohio. Mr. Foss states that the whole Leland district Is rich with gold and plat inum bearing dirt.