Newspaper Page Text
- i : .
University of Ore. Llbrsry DAILY EDITION 1 ' VOI IX., No, 48. MILLION MEN MAYSTARVEIN All SOON U'Ol'NDKD THROWN FllOM RED CR088 TRAINS, WHILE THE COIUWKS LINE THH ROADS SANITARY CONDITIONS I BAD tear Another ICumU When Soldiers lletura and Ftixl Matters In Choa . Uo Condition Italian Headquarters, Tuesdsy, Nov. 12. a. D. McAed. of Montreal, aa aviator, and C. O. Young, of Dei Moines, Iowa, Imprisoned by the Aus trian during the Italian campaign nave reached the Italian tinea. They bring direct newt of condition In the Interior of Austria, having travel ed from Sttherbad, near Vienna, after being liberated. "Horrible food condition! prevail In Austria," aald Melted today, "and It la quite possible that a million per on will dlo there this winter from lack of food, weakness and disease. The country 1 quiet now, but anoth er Russia may grow out of the situa tion aa toon at the troopa returning from the front discover that the end of the war has not brought rellof. "Scene along the railway are like those on the battlofleld. We aaw bodies scattered here and there at a retult of men crowding on the topi of trains and being swept off by tunnel. There were also bodlea of wounded men who bad been taken from Red Croas cart and left to die. Terrible sanitary condition prevail In little town tilled with returning soldiers. "What Austria needs Is fodd. The other prisoners and I are alive only because food Is recolvod from outside f Austria. For three day a friend and 1 bad between u only a little bad bread. It waa about aa big as a man' hand. Five hundred newly arrived Serbian troop are keeping rderat Lalbach." LIFT BAN ONJEETSNGSJ IIaBOVEIEITI The ban on public meeting In thla city will 'be lifted Sunday, No vember 17, after having been In ef fect for one month. The order wa given October 15th, at 6 p. m., to discontinue all publlo meeting, and with the possible exception of the big elebratlon over winning the war, the order pa been generally com piled with. Spanish Influent did not get a very firm hold In thla city, only three deaths having occurred from, the di sease.. . This wat probably the result of prompt step taken by the health officer and mayor In prohibiting publlo meeting. While the death rate per thousand from Influenza 1n Portland waa 18.1, Seattle 18.6, San Francisco 46.2, and much greater in the east, the rate In Grants Pas waa much lee than one In a thousand. BRITISH CASUAWIE8 FOR LAST WEEK ARK 80.5SW London, Nov. 15. Casualties in the British rank reported In the week ending today total 30,535 of J fleer and men. . i . ' -f DEVELOPMENT BATTALIONS v' -f THH FIRST MUSTERED OCT 4 ,. , f Washington, Nov. 15. Men -f of the development battalions. 4, will be the first unit of the -f f army to be demobilised, Secre- tary Baker has announced. - There are obout 60,000 of these battalions to be mustered . out, ' at toon as they are given their physical examinations. 4 4 4 -r SIXYEARSTO ROLL E 4 Itula and Denotation Mark Country Wforo Yanks Foment Way North From Verdun With the American Force in France, Oct. 20. (Correspondence of the Associated Press). The coun try over which the Americana fought their way northwest from Verdun present a picture of ruin, destruc tion and desolation. The villages are uninhabited and hornet teem but sep ulchres. Torn by mines causing huge crat er, gashed by bombardment which made hundreds of thousand of (hell hole and trewh with broken or abandoned guna, wagons, heaps of ammunition, helmet and all the oth er debris of four year of desperate fighting, the whole route betrays the awful effects of war. Everywhere In every direction and protecting each slightest angle and nook, across the roads until torn away by shell or human hands, are countless strands of 'barbed wire, most of it rusted by the ralnt craztly topsy-turvy on Its supporting stakes that have fallen to right and left. "If It takes four years to win the war," said some casual visitor to the front. "It will take six years to roll up the barbed wire that hat been used in winning it." U. 8. CASUALTY LIST ' The following casualties are re ported by 'the commanding general of ' the American expeditionary force for today: Killed in action 223 MIsMlngln action ...'. 278 Died of wounds 32 Died of accident 6 Died of disease 276 Wounded severely , 59 Wounded, degree undetermined 170 Woundod slightly 22 Total 1,065 Killed In action Wilbur H. Ston- aker, Ada, Ore.; James Shell, Con don; Paul Washington, Sllets. Woundod slightly Joseph F. Kendall, Jamieson, Ore.; John M. Thomas, Sllverton. AliLlKD VICTORIES AFFECTS GOLD EXCHANGE RATE Mexico City, Nov. 15. Betterment of the exchange rate on United States and Mexican gold la one of the moat significant developments In this re public of the recent allied successes In the world war and the peace over tures of the central powers. At one time exchange stood at nearly 60, which meant that holder of Ameri can money who changed it into Mex ican coin lost 20 cents American on each dollar. Since the Teutonlo pow ers cry of "kamerad," however, ex hange hat dropped to 62, which meana that only 4 cents American is aacrlfioed on each dollar in the pro cess of exchange. ' PUT ON INACTIVE LIST 1 i i !.' ,X ; ! ; Washington, Nor. 15 The war de partment has announced that candi dates tor commissions In officers' training schools may be discharged from the army Immediately, It they desire. Otherwise they will be placed on the inactive list, after receiving their commissions.' ' ' LEMONS A PROTECTION AGAINST SPANISH INFLUENZA Rome, Nov. 16. The 'municipal authorities of Rome have (elzed 40,- 000 lemons and caused the arrest of several rapacious speculators who were holding them for a corner at higher prices. After the seizure the city offered the lemon for sale at 3 cents each. Assurance is given that lemons are an excellent protection against Spanish Influenza. BARBED ORAMTt) PA88, JQBiamMM COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 118. j ' 1 1 Under Command of Gen. Rhodes la Publishing Terms, Germans Omit . Part Stating Allies Will Provide Necessary Food Naral Terms Being Fulfilled London, Nov. 15. The - American mission, commanded by Major Gen eral Rhodes, will leave Saturday for Spa, German headquarters. ' ' General Foch announced to the German high command, in a wireless message, that the mission will con sist of six officer and 19 soldiers. The German command 1 asked ' to give Instruction to allow the mission to pass. Copenhagen, Nov. 15. The Politi- ken quote the British military at tache here, Colonel Wade, a saying that the Germans in publishing the terms of the armistice, omitted six or seven articles, including that relat ing to the allies providing food If necessary. London, Nor. 15. -American air men landed at Cologne, on the River Rhine, Thursday, according to re ports received here. Washington, Nor. 15. Secretary Baker has cabled congratulations to General Pershing, and promised that the war department would endeavor to expedite the early return of the xpedltlonary forces, so that the country may welcome its - soldiers iom. - London, Nov. 15. The German cruiser, Konlgsberg, which is carry ing the German delegate! to arrange the naval terma of the armistice Is London, Oct. 20. A British scout airplane recently roaming the skies in search of night raiders, perceived a German bombing machine, twist ing and turning in the grip of several British searchlights. The British pilot dived to the at tack, and put in a strong burst of machine gun fire. The German ma chine burst Into flames and begun to flatter earthwards, like a huge burn ing leaf. Suddenly, the British ma chine rocked In the concussion of a tremendous explosion, and the Ger man raider vanished in a blinding flash. One of Its own powerful bombs had exploded, blowing It to pieces. 9130,000 IN GOLD BI LLION RECOVERED FROM SOPHIA Victoria, Nor. 15. Gold bullion from the Klondike valued at $130, 000 was recovered from the wreck of the steamer Princes Sophia by the salvage steamer Tees, which arrived here today from Lynn' canal, 'Alaska, where the Sophia went down last month with all on board. BETTER AT EUGENE Eugene, Nor. 15. During the last ten days the influenza epldemra on the campus of the ' university has shown a decided decrease, as the number of case hat been- reduced from 343 tq 20, and according to Dr. John F. (Bovard, chairman of the stu dent health oommlttee,;the ban on all social events may be lifted in about two weeks. expected to meet the British warships today, and will be escorted to a point at ea where the German delegate will meet Admiral Sir David Beatty, commander of the British grand fleet. Paris, Nor. IS. The naral terms of the German and Austrian armis tice re being carried out rapidly. Washington, Nor. 15. -Any reply which It made to the wireless appeal addressed in the name of the German women to Mrs. Woodrow Wilton for aid In securing modifications of the armistice terms will probably go through diplomatic channels. The appeal to Mrs. 'Wilson said the women and children of Germany "hare been starring for years," and that they will die from hunger by the milllona antes the term of the armistice are changed to that suffi cient rolling stock will be available for moving food from the farms. It waa dated at Berlin and signed by Gertrude Baeumer and 'Alice Salo mon for the "National Council of Women of Germany." Washington, "Nov. 15. Secretary Lansing announces that he hat ac knowledged receipt of -Soil's message asking for the hastening of peace, and requested that the Germans not confine their appealt to the United States alone, but address them also to the allies. w t Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis, Nor. 15. Plant hare been made to obtain 300 goats to be used in connection with the new milk goat project which it being added to the boys' and girls' club work department of the college extension service. The plan It being launched with every prospect of success, according to H. C. Seymour, state club leader. Mr. Seymour - haa made arrangements with the Portland clearing 'house to loan to every boy and girl in the state, wishing to be a member of the goat club, money with which to pur chase an animal. - Each club member mutt ear for hit goat, and keep a record of work, time, cost of feed. and money received from tale of milk according to the rules. 831 NORWEGIAN VESSELS VICTIMS OF RCTHLESSNESS London, Nor. IS. -Norway lost during the war 831 rensels, aggregat ing close on to one and a . quarter million tons, according to official sta tistics. In addition 83 vessels of ap proximately 69,000 tons were dam aged by German submarines. ,- One thousand one" Lsndred - and twenty lives were lost in these dis asters. "' ' ' ,'' v OF TWO U S. SENATORS Washington, Nov. 15. Contests of the election of two republican United States senators, Truman New berry of Michigan, and George Moses of New Hampshire, is the forecast in the proceedings before ' the senate elections committee. Protests to the seating of both senators have been received. Action haa been deferred HOW I At Ml! SHALL VE KEEP? This It the Qneatloa the War De partment Moat Settle Many to Remain Overseas Washington, Nor. 16. Plant for reorganization of the war department and the army are in formulation by the general staff and toon will be be fore Secretary Baker. Orders for the actual breaking op of the army -can not ba promulgated until these plant are completed, aa the demobllzatlon program It dependent to tome extent upon the adoption of a reorganization policy. ' The secretary had Indicated new legislation will ba necessary to carry oat the reorganization and It ex pected to lay a definite program be fore congress at the earliest possible moment ...... Existing law authorizes the main tenance of a regular army of approx imately 375,000 men. .While It la not possible to forecast he number of American troops that must be em ployed in Europe after the peace treaties hare been signed, military men believe the authorized regular establishment cannot provide an ade quate force for all purpose at home and abroad. ' Of the 8,700,000 men under arms, not more than 100,000 are under obligation to serve beyond the restor ation of peace. .There were 7,000 officers and about 120,000 men In the regular army when war waa de clared. Expiration of enlistments probably hat served to reduce this considerably and all wartime enlist ments are for the war period only. Thousands of officers In service are on temporary commissions in the reg ular establishment. The "commissions were Issued for a definite period of years and the men might be held, al though the general attitude of the department would not indicate any intention of .holding ,. such officers against their win when the war em ergency haa passed. OREGON ROAD CONSTRICTION WILL BE RESUMED SOON Salem, Nov. 15. The ban on state highway work was lifted completely yesterday by Instructions received by the State Highway department in a telegram from Washington.. The ban was. Imposed several- months ago as a-war -measure. 11 -POI ND LOOT DOES NOT APPLY TO U. 8. FORCES Yesterday's Courier contained a statement to the effect . that Christ mas parcels may now weigh at much at 11 pounds. - This ruling applies only to the allies of the i. American forcea, such as the British, -French, Italians, etc., and not to the Ameri can forces themselves.: .The weight limit on Christmas .parcels teat. by mall to members of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe ttill remains at t three pounds, and; such packages .must' be tent through the local Red Cross chapter and may be mailed up .to and including Novem ber 80.. ,' "-. . ,t. ': r...- WMSMEUniE FWWH With the American' Forces in Northern Russia, Oct. 20. (Corre spondence of the Associated Press). RusBian peasants in this district are glad to be freed from Bolshevik rule. ' "The Bolsheviks promised ut that we would have land and peace and plenty," one sturdy old man said to the Associated Press correspondent. "but we soon learned what was their real theory. It wat Just this: 'Tonight I go over and steal your cow' and tomorrow night you come back and cut my throat and steal It back." , v-- v- ; The ' peasants here are now ' set tling down to what they hop will be order and tranquility after a long reign of Bolshevik terror. , " WHOLE NUMBER 23 IS. EXTREMISTS WANT QUEEN TO STEP DOVH DEMAND CACSES ANXIETY AT THE HAGUE GOVERNMENT APPEALS TO PEOPLE GRAVE CRISIS IS APPBOACHiHG Hum U-boaU Replace Red Flag With National rmlilinii flu mans Are Evacuating Poland London, Nor. 15. The threaten ing attitude of the extremists In Hoi land who demanded the abdication of Queen Wllhelmina it causing an xiety at The Hague, according to the Daily Express. . . . r. The Hague, Nor. 15. The Dutch government baa Issued a proclama tion, urgently appealing for the co operation of citizens In the' present grave crisis. . The proclamation states that the majority it threatening to seize the power and declare Its de termination to maintain authority and order. i " ' London, Nor. 15. Crews of the German U-boats at a mast meeting;, at Brunebuttel resolved to oppose the revolution and, reinstate the of ficers, according, to a Copenhagen dispatch. They hare resolved to fly the national flag, instead of the red A-' ... iv-.i: v s--.v London, Nor. 15. The German., army hat began a general evacuation of Poland, It Is reported. German troopa In Warsaw have been dis armed and arrested, as have all Ger man civilians in the Polish capital. ii v.'tj - fn -t 5jau?ev si J''-'ti-.-.i r i : i '. i i..t r'' Bridgend, Island of Islay, Scotland, Oct. 18. (Correspondence of the As sociated Press). The time-hallowed .' custom of singing "God Save the King" at the conclusion of every for mal British ceremony was broken at the funeral services last Friday for the American soldiers who lost their lives' with, tho sinking of the trans port Otranto in collision off the Scotch coast with the Kashmir. " v At a tribute to the American sol diers buried side by aida, i with the naval officers and men,, from the wrecked British transport, the Brit ish national anthem was followed by the tinging of "The Star Spangled Banner," In which the entire assemb ly, w&lch included several high naval and military officers and virtually the entire population of the Island,' Join ed. Few knew the worda but the Islanders carried the tune with their soft Gaello voices, standing with their heads bared to the sharp wind from the sev - .v. .;,.,;,... . It was a delicate, courtesy that waa deeply appreciate by the ' United States army officers and ' American Red Cross official present.- ,, - To attend the funeral, the. island- era canie'from the remotest parts of Islay, tome driving 80 miles in the springless, Jolting "box carta" fa miliar to Americans who have tour ed Ireland and. Scotland. ' . iV - SAVED AFTER 02 HOURS v 1 ! IN AN OPENJJPAT -f , Miami, Fla., Nov. 15. Cap- -f tain Fesser and 12 other turvlv- 4 f ors of the small 'American steamer, Yenrutj ; of , PhiladeK f phla, which tank last Sunday off the. Bahama Islands, have arrlr- ed here after (2 hours in an open boat. Five men are belter- ed to hard been lost. " . 4-