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VOL. IX., No. Wit. U.S.WILLSIGN Willi BULGARS AND OTTOMANS ACT TO PROVE NTltlU:.N('F. IN TKIt.MH IMPOKED l(V Till-: alliei conff.iu:i:m rWreti-r lMu Want lliilf Million )liir to Flitlit Vitn-mt Virrm In Montnnn and Malm Wnsliltiirton, July 23. The state department today announced that the I'nlled Stale will sign the tres tle with Bulgaria and Turkey. The Unitarian and Turklnh trea tlea wilt 1e signed 10 show concur rence In tho terms Imposed, boun dry linn chanitod. and new nation e routed like Arinonla, which will probably aak th United Blnte to a't an mandatory for thnm. Paris, July 23. The Japanese dol Katlon to the peace conference has issued a' dnnlitl of assertions that the Shantung settlement waa In ex change (or the withdrawal by the Japanese of the contention regard ing the racial olauon In the league covenant. Washington, July 23. Congress baa 'been asked by Secretary Ine for a special appropriation of a' tialf million dollar to fight toreat flrea In Montana, Idaho and Washington. The secretary aaid the flrea rannot h extinguished aav toy al heavy rain, 'of which there la no Immediate prospect. . Washington. July 23. President Wilson today denied the reporta that he told acnator he waa responsible for the Shantung settlements. He aid he exerted hli Influence to ob tain a modification of the Shantung provision. Washington, July 23. Part of the house committee Investigating war dopartment expenditure wlfl go to Portland and the Pacific northwest to look Into the spruce production for aJrplnnes. FORD MAKES EFFORT 10 WHITEWASH EOSEL JAPANESE M STATEMENT Mount Clemens, i.Mlrh., July 23. JET Henry Ford testified today that his , son Kdsel wanted to go to wur but was- dissuaded by his father. He aaid that they had 'worked together all of RdHol'a lifetime and that Ed ftct vu necessary to the war work. - Mr. Ford said Edsel was offered commissions to remain In the fac tory tor the army, but refused. He Kiild the draft board disagreed with lit views a to the necessity for J Edsel remaining at home. Ford thon left the aland s the examina tion waa concluded. KKl', UACJSOAIK HII'.H ' Washington, July 23. (Represen tative J. W. Ragsdalo, of South Car olina, died suddenly here today In physician' office. TEN KILLED IN BERLIN AT SOCIALIST llorlln, July " 23. Ten persons were shot during the disorders At tending the breaking up of the ma jority socialist meeting Iby Commun ists and Spartacatvs yesterday. Those attending the meeting tried to lynch the man who fired the shota, but he wai saved 'by hospital helpers. SEN. CHAMBERLAIN ASKS FOR JUST CE H) for llrullullty tlio HimhiH.Ii In- ullllon Waa Not Murker to ' ' Cruelties to Ynoka Washington, July 23. -'The 8pn lah InquUltlon waa not a marker to Home of Mia cruoltlos that have been practiced against thoae aoldlera In Franco," said Senator Chamberlain In a speech In the aenato In connec tlon with the Introduction of a bill to nurture to the colore and grant amnesty to soldier, aallora aud ma rl nod who wore convicted by court martial In Ptanr and given severe sentences. 'He continued: "The pur poncii of the bill which I have Introduced cannot be mbre briefly atatod than they are In the bill Itttelf, and they are: Flrt, It restore soldiers, aullor and ma rine who have 1een santenned for conviction not felonies and dis charge them automatically, upon their own application, aa Ihough they had not boon convicted; oc ond. It restore to thee men the rights of citizenship aa though they had not been convicted; third, It ro tund -to them lie pay and allow ance forfeited upon conviction; fourth. It appoint a' bourd of clem ency and review, consisting of three persons versed In tho law, who shall have power and Jurisdiction to re view, revise, modify, reverse or an nul .sentences - Imposed by courts- martial since April 6. 1917, in caaea of crime Involving felonies and the measure uwlles equally to all en gaged In the military or naval ser vice and -who were subject to court- martial." . - Washington, July 28. Secretary linker today aaid he had received from Geucrul Pershing a report on alleged brutalities Inflicted on sol diers at farm No. 2, In Trance. The report will not be made public at present, the secretary added. DAMAGE TO FRANCE BY HUNS FORTY BILLION Paris, I.Monday, July 21. Tho par-j llamentary commission of peace, ex amining Into the peace treaty with Germany today listened to a report by Deputy JjOiiI Dubois on the clauses relating to reparations. M. (Dubois aaid the material dam age done In the Invaded departments amounted to 119.000,000,000 francs.- This amount, he said, had been veri fied by a committee of engineers. architects, manufacturers and agrl- cuiturlsta. lie added that the dam age done to agriculture was eaid to aggregate 87,000,000,000 franca. The damage falling upon the Indi vidual and the money patd to start commercial enterprise were not in cluded In th urn of .119,000,000,- 000 franc, and likewise 37,000, 000,000 francs for military expenses and 6,000,000,00 francs (or pension were not embraced In the sum. The total amount of the damage done, i.Mr. Dubois aaid, would aggregate 200,000,000,000 franc or $40,000, 000,000. LENINE SCHEMING TO STRENGTHEN DEFENSE Loudon, Jmly 23. tA bolshevik! delegation arrived at Ktshlnoft to- 'lay with an offer of peace to the -sommander of Ithe Roumanian Dnles cr troops on "behalf of Nikolai Len no. It Is reported, Lenlne offer to cede itlesaarebia to iRoumania' on the ondltlon that iRoumania prohibit Ukrainian citizens and 'bands of Ad mlral Kolclmk, head of the " Omsk government, from crossing 'the Rou ma'ntan frontier. An eight-day armistice ha been concluded on the 'Bessarabtan front. UUAXTS PAHS. J08EPMXE OO0STT. OREGON, WEDN EfiDA V, JIXY S3, K RIOT III WASHINGTON ' - IS SEETHING MKYEItAL DHATHH, AXO HCORE8 ARK INJtHKD Iiy FISTS, CLIIW, AMI KNIVES Ijtrge .Number of Troops Arrive at Kceus I'pon Order of President; ' Cavalry Active Washington. July 23. One white man was killed and another prob ably fatally Injured last night by ne groes In olaehee. Score of people were injured by (lata, club, atone and knlvea. Two thousand troops and hundreds of police and defense guards kept the. rioting down, but &; very bitter feeling is evidenced. Washington, July 23. 'Despite all precaution taken by civil and mili tary authorltiea, rioting between white and negroes broke out again lost nltrbt in Washington and a re port reached the police at 10 o'clock that a white man believed to have been a home defense guard had been shot and killed In the northwest sec tion. Soon after the killing of the home defense guard, the police received a report that Another guard also had been shot by a negro. He was re ported fatally wounded. A de tachment of cavalry and a squad of i marines were rushed to the scene of the shooting which was at Eighth and M streets. In the heart of a ne gro district. President iWllson took cognizance of the situation when be called Sec retary Baker to the White House for a conference on steps that might be taken by the military in cooperation with the civil authorities. The pres ident waa understood to be greatly conoerned over the events of the last three nights. After the conference Secretary Baker announced that the trooia or derod from Camp Mead constituted "a very large numiber" and that Ma'-Jor-General William J. Haan would he in command. Secretary Daniels said a substantial force of marines had heen ojrdered in for night patrol duty. Cavalry again played a part In the police work, holding lines about the congested negro sections to prevent mob alttteks by either blacks or white. Police and aoldlers again struggled to keep the downtown thoroughfare clear of the crowds. s LOSING WEST PRUSSIA Merlin, July 23 -The Boersen Zel- tung asserts that West Prussia wa ceded to Poland by the peace con ference (because of "a mistaken and Incorrect scientific book published In 1917 by the lAmerloan Geographical society containing an article entitled 'the boundaries of language - and nationality," by (Leon Domlnltan. The German newspaper avers that President Wilson wa Influenced by the "Innocently false Information of this Article" which, it says, declared that Dantztg was 10 per cent Polish and that the present (Polish coridor and neighboring East iPruasla was purely IPolteh. , . The Boersen Zeltung declares that, on the contrary, Dantxtg Is less than 5 per cent Polish. The newspaper disputes the Polish character of the corridor. It declares that It Is cer tain that the article, referred to was used In fixing the 'boundaries. FAMOFS anXSTRFJi IIE San lego, 'July 23. George H. Primrose, famous minstrel, died here today following a month's Illness. MIIIM ACTIOH IS TAKEN WILSON WINS MIRY OVER TO THE LEAGUE OREGON SENATOR COMES OCT HTIIO.VO FOR tOVEXA.NT HIXt'K TA r.K WITH PRESIDENT CLAIMS ARTICLE 10 HARMLESS Due X Think I. 8. Obliged to Go .. to War; Says "League la Hope of the World . Washington, July 22. Supporting the league of nations In a senate speech today. Senator AtcXary, re publican, Oregon, urged that it be accepted' without any such amend ments or reservations as would "al ter the splendid purposes of the cov enant or weaken it so far as It affects our duties." The senate, said the speaker, could wKhout ha'rm adopt certain "reser vation In the form of Interpreta tions," but should not endanger the covenant by making reservations that would vitally affect important features. Article 10, he said, must be unimpaired because it was "the piUar suction" of the league. "I am stoutly In favor." said Mr. McNary, "of the principle embodied In any effeort to ensure the perma nent peace of the world, and I am willing to accept the covenant of the league of , nations .. contained in the peace treaty. The time is back of us for a discussion of this subject In general statement of the sub limity of peace, or indulging with owlish wisdom the ominous predic tions of a disgraced and destroyed republic. The people of America! de sire to know what the covenant con tains of substance and will go there to obtain their understanding. "In the objections I take it that article 10 is the most obnoxious and productive of the most controversy. The statement most generally made Is that this article collides with our constitution and runs across the path of our sacred traditions. Re peatedly the argument has been ad vanced that article 10 casts up to this government an absolute .obliga tion to go to wur under any condi tions however bereft of justice. This Indictment, in my opinion, in unten able. "By the force of another article In the covenant the council. In arriving at a decision, will 'be governed by unanimous vote, the power of veto standing between this country and kan unwise remedy. "Indisputably this provision casts upon this country n undertaking to go to war to protect an associate of the league from Invasion through external iforce, but this obligation is in no proper , sense a: legal one. but purely a moral obligation, en tlrelyv dependent upon the condi tions that the cause of the war and the war itself Is violative of the moral conscience of the American people. ' . :" '"Let this country be committed to a step In the direction of everlast ing .peaces, and It la my sincere be lief that the league of nations is the greatest step the 'world has ever token toward . peace; therefore, I shall support the league, as it Is the hope of the world." OLCOTT REQUESTS NO Salemi Ore., July 23. Governor Olcott today Issued a proclamation at the request of State Forester El llott, urging all persons in the woods to refrain from smoking, declaring thalt the fire wardens must use can tlon In Issuing permits, and giving Instructions for the safeguarding -of campfires. YANKS ARE READY TO ENTER MEXICO ttonator Full Assert AdminJstratio Is Suppressing Facts. of Army's Operation Washington, July 23. Officials Idmit that the.Tamesl incident at Tampico, although not as serious as at first Appeared, ha served to ag gravate the growing unrest in the United States over the Mexican pol icy, in view of the continued mur ders of American citizens. There aire assurances from several sources that the government Is get ting ready tor any emergency that may arise. What President Wilson plans to do no one knows, but that the army and navy do not propose to be caught unready for action in catte of necessity is certain. Secretary Baker, asked it the dis patch of Goueral Dickman, just re turned from France to take com mand of the Southern division, had been hastened because of Mexican conditions, Insisted that it bad not been. He would not comment on Mexi can affairs, Ibut significance was at tached to a statement issued by the war department late in the day, giv ing the exact status of the American army. It shows that there are 374, 374 officers and men now available In the United States. Senator (Fall enlivened the senate with a lew observations regarding American relations with (Mexico And charges that the administration is suppressing facta of the army's oper ations In Mexico. senator ircii declared, tnat upon seven or eight occasions during the last few months troopers of the 7th cavalry have pursued ' Mexicans across the Rio Grande into Mexico, and that upon -all but one of these occasions they have recovered large amounts of stolen property carried across by the raiding 'Mexicans. 'He stated that the troopers have killed Carranaa officers and soldiers, not only In Mexico, but also on Am erican soil. Reports from Mexico City indicate that troubles are piling high on Carranza and his administration. WIRR CONTROL HOARD AGRKK8 TO DEM A XD springtieia. in., July 23. it was announced today that the federal wire control board at Washington has agreed to the demand of the Pacific Coast telephone strikers for wage increases retroactive to Jan uary let of this year. Seventeen thousand employes are affected. The wire control represented Postmaster Oeneral 'Burleson. n in for rutin (Portland, July 23. Two reels of films . were shipped "by express last night to San Francisco, representing the iflltrht of Robert E. Smith, sne- -(.. n . , 1 I VIM tiro (CUOt O.L reserve bank from San Francisco to Seattle by airplane, auto and motorboat. Smith, however, never got to Se attle. 'He stopped oft at Portland, sending $50,000 in .. war savings stataps on to the Puget Sound city. iHe started from San Fsancisco with $1,000,000 in stamps. The stamps were distributed on the way to various pities. When Smith was seen today he first declared he had gone to Seat tle by automobile starting at noon Sunday and arriving Monday night. He eaid he had returned on a sleeper arriving here yesterday morning. He later admitted his announced pur pose to catch an lAlaska 'bound boat was merely a publicity stunt to ad vertise the war stamps. . I (When Smith failed to show up in Seattle a search was started, which made necessary the disclosure ot the publicity enterprise. WHOLE NUMBER 2725. MS 1 MANY STATES OS I PORTLAND TO RAISE AOOO THAT FEX PFBHERS MAY SEE WOX DERFCIi CRATER LAKE 6RANTS PASS TO COOPERATE" Local Jealousy to lie Tbnut Aside in Effort to Secure Comment From 800 Editors Through the efforts of the stata Chamber of Commerce and the Port land Chamber this excursion party of about 300, representing the big publications of the whole United States, are to visit Crater Lake. It will cost the Portland Chamber over $6,000 to land them in Medford but they took at it as one of the best investments possible, as the adver tising value to Oregon as a result could not be purchased at any price and will be worth to the state many thousands. Grants 'Pass is working together with Medford asd Ashland to make this excursion of special good for southern Oregon. ' Alt first It was thought that Grant Pas would he able to have the apeclal train atop here for breakfast and the commer cial bodies of the three towns have used every effort to bring this about. For various reasons this -was. found to te impractical, but with the point of all working for Southern Oregon and the realization that any good thing that comes to any part . of Southern Oregon aW the putting aside of local jealousies means the greatest good for the whole commun ity Grants Pass is joining with Bed ford and Ashland, whole heartedly and the general expression of those already interviewed has been to give It our support. The expense of this excursion to Southern Oregon is about $1600 and the use of one hundred automobiles. The greater part of this will be sup plied "by Medford from which point the excursionists will take autos to the lake. Ashland and Grants Pass ' will, however, contribute both' In funds and cars. . - Sometime in September a special train of Portland business men are coming to Grants Pass and to visit Southern Oregon. . Medford and Ash land will aslst us in entertaining these visitors. These are the "beginnings of our greater Southern Oregon progressive move which has recently 'been in augurated, the carrying out of which means much to this part of Oregon. SAYS TOM MOOXEY H NOT RECEIVE JCSTICE Washington, July 23. Thomas J. Mooney did not receive full Justice In the San Francisco trial, according to a report of John B. Densmore, special agent for the' department of justice, dated November, 1918, and ; i .i.... . ' I ' sponse to a resolution. LIGHTNING . PLAYS TAG AT PORTLAND Portland. Ore., July 23. Light ning struck the steel railroad bridge during the thunder storm last night, causing fire on the wooden work and oresoted flooring, hut the dam age waa slight. Lightning struck in a dozen places, 'with little damage. It was the first rain for over three weeks. Spokaiie, Wash., July 23. A light rain fell here 'last night And helped hold the tires in check. The situation Is sHglitly "better. "