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h eTImen-Warnlft The Ofllolal Paper of Harney C'.iinly, has tha.Uritit r Um fesM iilvi'rtio Orcein. i ii is one of una in Ksatsrn ehe fptm mtMK Wh ewrent ffnrnrt) foimlri ' ara i the I VOL. XIX. BURNS. HARNKY COUNTY, OK 1 GON, MARCH .t. NO. 15 IROF. RAILROAD SURVEYS Lrnrv valley to be encircled SAYS sJUWOR. tat Urea ol tflsttrt Hse Rclve Seek Isttrsrtl .t--nsy lss Twe Or Mart Track Aeresa Wtattra Slaws WM kt CmM rs Sack a felky ta see Caere, si TIM, Ssys TMk Writer. 'he Times Herald lias it from lable sources ihnt the pi. rps of engineers now in lhJ field I tins section purpose running lee lines MM tliis valley one follow around the southern hor- M directly east and west Im the ptMi iitul inolher 11. northern portion Whether is li he done fot the purpose MM r. tatn.ng the ntoal nSMIOI or that valley i la b 1 oe ilj en In led bj iii- system huirse n qneaTtrOn Several of i-llixen have atoutly maiotain tint the railroad paopic would uipi .11 li-.iit to hold the entire llnr aplinsl possible i ompr- 111, ana wihihi ini'icmre cmii- hc valley. This looks reason- when one lake into COkasidei - Li the greal poeeibililiei of the kit Harney touniiv, and lite Iher fai I that hostile roads are Only threatcniti(,', hut arc go to lap the H.trnrv C utintry M 1 .1-. men plan- win penuu. n i 11 thai the linal terminal ( ISiiinpiei .1 n. inoaai ...1 like f. H Newell lie RANGE LEASING INEVITABLE ohfef; he does not like the engineers ' and their method of carrying oat the law; he tines not like the way Ifajejf si'OOESTrOfrS ANCTT THE the funds hare been apportioned, PROPOSED LAW. and he want a general shake-up There is no politics in the seryice at preeejit, political pnll cannot get an allotment of money; it cannot sc cut.- appointment! for political henchmen who are unable to cet jobs elsewhere; in a word political poll is not recognised, and Mr. Hiiosbrotirh doe not like it. For two jears or more lie has heen lab oring to unseal Chief Engineer Newell and have some other man placed in charge, and he loeae no opportiiiiily to get iti a atari Hut lie has never made so The following waa aent ns by a News bureau conducted at Wash ington It gives some things that should receive consideration by the stockmen of Harney county, aa we are certainly going up against a lease law sooner or later: Western states will be compelled n. mil pro-I fcs hoe a renfe-leaain- policv in floe gr.ss as when he passed his swamp ; course of time, if the present trend I. ill through the Senate ' of events in regard to public domain Tim reditu. ntiiin law contun- run itiuo N auoh a law will gel the irrigation of arid lands, not the reclaiming of swamp lands, and it is so worded that thi work shall lie done l. the Kerlametion Hnrvic. Mr HhiimIi rough's bill proposes that the drainage scheme shall Ik oarried out by the Agricul tural Ib'psrtment, winch bag M inig.itli.n bureau of ils own. That feature of the bill aimed at th tough the present congress, as the leaders of the two houses are not ready to precipitate discussion. but is appearent to observing men that the time is not distant when such will he the ease, and leading stockmen are already preparing for the issue. Those given to careful research are endeavoring to get fuels for presentation Teee, in the Reclamation Service is the bar career of liberal chins- requiring that the work of dent treatment of drainage shall he done "under di- j shining examph Nation l the Secretary of Agricul 1 leasers. Wyoming's lure If Mr llansbrnugh were triving onlv lo have his swamps reotalraed, he would have teee 1l1.it thnt the work should lie e .- limns. and',1,,,,,. ,, ,,, 'asjitln HfTllI and have whatever lafielatlen la enacted kept upon a plane permit ting the roost rapid and permanent western development, many West ern people are already anticipating the discussion by gathering data. HOW TO ItftWATt. Writing in the Paoifle Home stead Dr. I, I.. Roberts to North Yakama, Wash, says. "I anon (band it advisable to get my wheat in the ground a early in the spring aa possible, in order to get the benefit of the moisture from snow and early spring raine Once I found mv ground too drj sprout all the graina, an I resorted to irrigation and. sis the v seemed very dry for that time of the year, I gate if a thorough ail ling Then the grain came .juick ly, bat the ground being so bar baked and much of the ground as sumed a yellow (over-aater) ap pearanoe This waa in a measure overcome In time as ttie ground ' came shaded, but I am con lid en I a much better crcp would have I. .en obtained had I sown a ceuple of weeks earlier In short, endesvor lo al the ground shaded by the gruAii.g . . !-. .L L . U. -L put. lie lands IS a , wneet nature toe 001 stinaiiiiir. onsre for the range 'the ground Then Isle irrigation WANT IRI NCH-GI .ENN TRAC1 ASTErSFRS pCEt 10 or v nop IT ano RAM Bin 4 flee la Haaet at Iscal Peseta was PaM Mas a Mwese tOsrs far a - - laiafnVtsi Wsrar Safety. anil indepen- k. this is merely A local feed. 1 l.irnmnt. at piescnt 11.nl hti'h- 1.1 ff.it, II would be .1 1. 11 lot (I tin- C'huugn I Northweat- i!.. Nonliein I'.i. 1I1. , C & Ii the line PfOjwt tld bj the nil. 111 federation go through . a v a U tlic M . .inollici uuiici. liUl the I' tern 1. ilciin laud logs lit nolil bt loie the I. oV I lists secuie the incaiiM lo ui- it is not at nil unlikely that W. V. & C. M. W. R will he aiipm -d OJ them. 1I1 a case the lailro.td would expertenoes are also being exploited. The cus toms of the entire country based upon 1 l.e principle of getting public land 11. .. the private ownership of the individual, are being off-red on opposed lo the I here are engineers in 1 list service 1 the side of those .jiiite at competent to drain swainiw leasing system a to rue. aim the desert, and be leMI 1 be Public Laid (Nuiimia kuows it. lint he wauled to cur- huh. npnrted in favor of leasing tall the power of the reclamation ' that part ef the public domain Service, so be ePOpgead that the' adapted to range pursosea, the poll swatr.ps be reclaimed by the engi- B? to regarded M havingt Adminis 1.1 th. irrigation division of trattoa Imeklng President Kooee the Auriciihure liepiirltuenl, a bti- vhIi'm rel. fence to the subject in paaO mlended to determine the In. message was the last endortr- li serins from Ihe following, tak rtland J.'tirtisl, Unit the llirnev country Is eilt r . the a'lenti 11 of large capUali-U whi' h Is bat soother Indication esrl railroad const ruel ion snd ibe ' al and rapid develop i.n It 1 . l'ii . ranch Bf 000 OOiea in llart.' county, winch wa recently taken over by . load rindicrtte, ia again bemg -uiiuht !y eslern people who want lap th. pragaaref on a large Kcale. It la eaid the proopeal for 1 n. 11 e. fiats lailroad Inkaftot OresfM ha made the gn si raadb a desirable priie for capital lets That tJlticago d Northwesletn, the Hartiman hue and ihe Ore operative Christian f-. I. ration are now projecting rail lit.ea ihrnugh lite stale, and one ir 111. .re of these roads will come in cl.xe timi to the tMirh 1 i. property is now he , l. a ayndi. ate headae b Harrj L Oar bell of the Firet National hank. Portland A--.. laeMI arilaa him are Charles I'r.itt N. Jfatt, H ilh... 1 1 an lay, Iturn-, M K I'arsona, its) i n . sod be S1.I11 fur irrigating olbet a cieniiftc wewaVr. that stand to its atd1 make Ruck leu Arntea (talva a I K R M the Pair. ma of 1 1 W Pa, of a 1 1 heals the a " I cuts, bur. rheum lrug ft 1 i.-. ., and salt will bring its reward The great fault in irrigation is Ihe reckless use of wster. that ia, in many cases using toe much Many who have come from parts .tf tlie. i,ntiilri' li. raw irridufinti ta . .It Lake, and (! K S. V no. needed and where rains are uf--. . ... . .. . laud. A lew inonths ago . ffcletil, seem to think as they have the water they must use It. I knee " """ fr"'". ' aaaMherein Yakima valley..,,,! "f,"""''"l -"'" - d made a , . - cash payment n 'm t.t a a 1 i. one in particular, where a crop of . . . , . t hrisli hi I. . I. ruin in was aiv potato - wa entirely tinned, rolled " J 1 a. .1. .. .1 it, the ,,,,,l. by lee touch and ..a, '""' '" '""" I'l-Pfapar amount of water needed for irriga tion under all manner of condition" ami for all manner of crops, and to devise means of draining irrigated lamia (not actually to construct drainage works) The Reclamation the laud grant. In fact, it j Harvioc is putting in drainage ays- I 1 n stated ill. 11 Mich wcic the :.n, on its various irrigation tracts, urgently In mentioning the filing of boratiOfl papers by UM Msa ton Kaiiu.i.' 1 . which is limed as ine uini.ii etiieipiisc fedciatlull, the Joliiu.il rbe iiiutr will be from 1 orl ip the Willumctle valley t. tf the pusses ill the son i.uiti.iin, bcie tlu load will tin- L'mteadc and extend Ihiuuifh ceiiir.il Oii-ooii lo rio. loiiinviug ai man) us ic.ilile the L'uacade Moiiuinn ill.iinctte Vnllet road hum this work is not dune by the IV partinenl of Agriculture iiien', which was eXcled to foice Ihe ipieHii.ui this t'lingreas As the --Inn tirawa toward its close, there seems no room for range leas ing liefnre the summer adjournment Tie ,oxt session will be short, and unless the administration presses for consideration of this or pro-leaaing interests tlie same serrtoe, it is measure, perform eoiiuiiiiMiiHi.il. Irrigation Ifpota loee at bloom lug time need more mo'stur. giv .1 to tin 111 I'm k.y then a.-, t . it that they gel no more In arranging for irrigation either on Ihe farm or in the garden, those ly anil .Mr I n.it held ,. weeks lor thai ..... 1 111 p. ndiiLg (tie completion Ol fin in. .al mi ' that w r- under eav Thee" arrangement 1. ere dels. ,d and lie ( ..rhell syndicate Im cams nai.era of ihs pruitirly. nay- thing, which r. .iu.re a great deal "l ""' "' U'- "'"" water may be associated t,.g,th.r 'l1,"N-" I '" P-.-ity ouu.- and all watered toge'hai, that ia, if prises a number ran. hi- au nioated Of IMIlll, and conuecled WWII II Sa e- n- is in. I ever Itolt who areata 1 tr",i ' I uigh 1 I'ii '' i 50 to ai s.tti who . ll a living or money heel ireular lor s-.mi 1 ne Pr i tor, III Kot Sn I l r I. ds III th.ia'i... in ' i 111 l.aaen, Id has in bnrne. UMi a. res of fmej isn.l a I iiea. loa ! it, ilea east ..I Pun oniinptovril lii" a. tes near Saddle Rulte with pee i.l grass slant! ing, I has a house and g.asl f.nc- Par lietilars csu lie obtained at Ibis II ,i Iq bust- I will now (urn hi iillenln 11 to painting and g aiiu dicils a share of II- ill also eon duct a . kbl I ' I 1. 1 or .hop III l)W AT IKKIOATION Oreg.uiiiin - rpe. nil new e.i- l Wushlngloii, f-nt nut Ihe ing red tills ess tin nun of representa- s more cautious than the sen- . 11 deathblow- m.i) he at th 1. itioiiul reuiaitiatiou rliiuh wi.l not only disrupt jMiiiittlioo service, 1. ut letsrd unii.ii prevent tb eomple- II great irngalinn sy-t- ma now laouatrtldaton. I a an uugiiuid- Mueitt, Ihs lliinnhriiugh drain- Ill was put through the leuab 1' tut. ehghleat ohjtsclioii. :i.l, if eitaolaii into law, will 1 1 In- wat h.i .1 general 01.- Lt ut, me roc . oatioa in id. Aoticipiiting that his bill might , hardly probable that the ahort tertr) i.-nce rough sledding in the I will orrat the law that ia bound lo II. life, Mr iiunsbrough had ihe have broad influence upon the en title amended ao as to convey the tire west. idea thai the money used for drain- In whatever is done, ihe re are ..go should he taken from the land Mnc to la- provisions that will feoi reoaiptsof North Dakota rather than ; litate the homesteader Borne ad- out of the reclamation fund, but this vuuates of leasing believe that Ihe 1 ta a futile ellort at concealment homeateed entry man should have " th.- right I., enle upon land during ASItWOOD Ma sku foe $ , . , the term of even an annual lease, One thousand bead of awes at '" P"'K 1"" '"' fide home . .. i i ...j .- .u- i.i-i . purpoae tlthere are inclined to i ''i ue.iij, iniu in ow ,ud ii,kuiw, - t.rioe ever paid for range sheep in t,,i,,k ,'"1 M,"1' of lu "-ry Ibto stale, is th,, latest sale of Cen-0" u,P'v "-1'innrdad by providing Ural Oaesjea livestock to g.. on re- hl ba homestead entrymau shall curd. The sheep were purchased il'ven aooeee lo tbe lend only oi I - Uuinil'on, of Aahwood "tW expiration of a range lease The Hhsnlko Republican eslimalea Champions of the small atookmat, It ia dixiral.le to olaul a faw rowa of one kind pari way eeroaa the " l ""I ' nou-telied field, the,, ih. remainder of tbe row l'il" "" "- """"''- -d .1,. With Huine.h.ng else, ao that boll, ' """"' '"- """' il.p,.. I. ,l.. Wa -., m..,.I irri-.ti.,., ,.-..e. ....u.e, .., ,,,ai range , i,e, I be Laac Star RESTAURANT raeat, IMHALiS AT Abb HOURS Bakery in connection A Secuali ( bbtrl Brews. i hiu, avetytbiaf Ihe mark. I n I- N our slr.n IIP ...' ". .1 -- J.yi ...11 It would be unwise to plant e " ' '""" Ut of alra.l-rr.e. whi. '.. ... m,i" W,," """!-' aoaroaly have to., much water, tbe., '" f',ur "" U,-"u loo continue your row. acr.a,. tbe P"1"""" P- IsllasMlaalfa field planted lo polatoe, thus fore- J"-"l- ,r'-" um tlie waa La water from lbs straw bertlei through tin. potato field, tbe " '" 1V "' ' ''''or,,.., a latter of which abould not have una '" ' ,Uk '"'' - ' mani.'l'r itoi.ua ran. b (Jeo- ! of fout I - 'JU feet I French came lo this eaei 'I' the ItXt.tHK) head of sheep have been sold out of Crook, Wheeler and Waaaa cuuliu- and enumerate over one-lith of that number which bave been disposed uf by haial stock luoi throughout tbe Antelope and Shsniko districts. The Rep- lll.llCUI. S.I I in Central Oregon sheep mar ket ha- op. in .1 up in earnest, and "Uttlry will also insial that an eulryuiau taking rang laud, aball be insured a i;uod range acreage about bis homestead, winch others cannot lease The range bomeatead has been sugg sled as a law that would encourage the caktle industry at least, if nut 'he sheep, and reoog eisV the semi arid Condition uf th Tins suggeatiuo is to let drop ,.t bloomed over irrigated, cucumbers are "hard driuksrs. A I K el, I . .1 with that old enemy of the race, couslipaUou, often ends in appeti dicilia To avoid all serious trou ble with stomach, liver and bowels, lake Dr Kings New Life Pills. Tbey perfectly regulate tbeau or gans, without pain or discomfort 2.rc at City lrug Htore water after ihev have Suuasbee oan Ih. enjily lr"1 "on -"""- wild India,. bile uiulous and ' "" " ' "' """ eampain I9in was fought partly mi tin ( perl rr.n. h picked Ih, L.b Mated and paid for litem in . a.i purchasing nearly every acre direct fruit, the government, Today the 1 ' Stales laud laws Would p" M .. h s segn gallon , f public 1 Oaj individual uf firm 'Ih. i. are lakes and rivers ., th iMOperly, and a large lumber f lute awsmp nr Uaer dam M ..r ils richness A drainage canal coating about ll'tt). " since February I the field ba. be.u u lu-" mk u Uf- u, M,r,-e full of Knsie, ,. i.uyers. The lotal B . .manUad. tna limit be ni.mh. .,. aggtegutiug about I00.0UU , '" ',ut:,, P'ubable yield of forage aa load nl sheep, "justly tearhngs, i. i .en suld io Waaoo, Cruok u. i V - uunties, at prices -raiiuiog from VI in to tf.i is) tasr II lead the p id ..iin the wool oil, and are lo rated after shearing. Tlie pr.ee thai are n lag paid for !, ri ert i. have u-eii received by Oregon wool growers in ti.'i vear Al tlm pre Hiut price ot a.. the Mi . p that hav o in lib set I in of the country wi!i shaar $2 worth of wool, which i i ; tin- prioe of a ' yearling U I" I h. ad. Uuslors are r-uztilcd. t tin- weeks ago th. -.-nuu cum uli irrigation t.ivoi.ibly ro ll,.' Iiunsbrough bill) I as to divert fl UtSJlMKt bum .-lainatluti iutiU lor diaini g North Dukotu swamps. A iiy of the uoiuiintt. kd bill, but cuiiBtiii.il to a rc- r'out of courteay lo enalu )rough," and afttirwa.ul ex- b.i lite opinion tn il lln bill never puas Put, if tbaae urs believeu it a bad bill, th. fnl rt miirkithh- iccovery of Ken- t take the precaution I tb Mclver i. Me ., ia did uol gel ihiuugh the ecu b H lieu inlM ' i" the I r tbe bill waa called up tbret naedioal traterniijf aula esdeeb . .1 J 1. 11 . Ll- .. r days alter ... ing tclioi leu ; menus. , e a:n o, ui cao. isaed. Tiie'cuuro- "Owing a l"ti uuniatlaji 1 lauabrough" ut least put tin tbe tbruul nfaeltoii Of the liougii the Senate. It ie ih.iv lungs..! tors g .ye me up to the House cumuHtlee tu de- di. l,,n us a iasl resoil I was in rhoiher thio same courteay is ,duoud to try Ut Kiaffs Nctfj Dis- Iculioo fur again reporting a covery and l au nappv to say it tat is framed to aocoiuplish a eared i ores tbe worst laid purpose. coughs and colds, hum. -lulls, weak llansbrougb ia a very pro- j lungs, buareaoees and lagrippe. led and a Vuiy delortuined ttuarunteed at 1 be City Drug htore, of Ihe. reclamation service '5b and 1 UO trial bonh free tbe average agricultural botuesteaJ yields All of the solutions proposed could not be enumerated in a limit ed space, but enough bare beeti ad vanced to prose that when tbe tim-stion must finally be decided, there will o.- a wide diversity of coulees offered Wesu-ru should hegi u careful study of tiie situation Thev will lie mt vital ly Hllecl'.l, and unless ibeir rights M slates and industrial uuuiuniii weslths ate ably championed in the formative hour u! law-making, hat are utter'y iiupru. ti oable may Im. forced upon th There has been such a stir ibroughi ut the Jast in regard lo tbe public domain, that radical ac tion might be expected if tbe true si tus t.f iIih west is uol made tbe j subject of cut. stunt education Many Eastern people regaid the ac- quisiiiuti of more than 100 scree of' public laud by one person or com pany u, "land grabbing." They du not realise tiie necessities uf a range 1 couutry. V hen luturmed on the timber acreage requited by a large lumber concern before erecting a mill, they are inclined to style the business precaution a public out rage. To meet suob yiewe aa lbeae,( Oregon's whipping post law vat generally discussed while congress had a similar measure up for ihe Dial 1 1, i of Columbia leal week. The intusuic fur the national capital (and, but it warn many supporters while on l,c b.,,ud- -5att-- rum I o . If you wiah lo he located oa a good homestead, aee f. H Jordan tbe surveyor. E. N. NELSON M sS Mr 14 ft. . .. Watchmaker and Optician. Second door north of post office. IBvLrriue, Oiegron i Tht Finest of AH THE OLD RELIABLE Royal BAKIMQ POWDLR ABSOLUTELY PURE Tht grtattit of modern-time bolus to perfect cooking (. Ifl tin best ffjft- Ultt tee werM ever MARYLAND CLUB WHISKY fw Sak Mi ai Hotel Burns Bar A ent, Burns, Ore). Rotbei i lir s l'n-1 I..1IV D DAI 'ima 1 i i First National Bank OF BURNS, OREGON. k General Ranking Bnsincss Traisactei tbWraaa tmf4t mt rVSe sastraVrrrk-SV WE WANT YOUR BUSINESS. i 1 1 . i if: l IViIt. S t ' srswaler. i M Unrtwe, e -ee- ear- iee 1 i.nm I f : FIRST NATIONAL BANK ONTAKI.) lltft'tW.! I 'iiul i t megOn I t" I We Solicit You- Bnnkina Buaineen. maadet. Wm. Jonew. I M. Teat, f Wiilieta 1 -. hllol hi II r y k. v ii Miller Kratik It naVr. w I ..us, a sd5-'r-:V'V Mowaao tisstr smeatht a m a roworst. I J ir$f Hatiot CALE w il Bank 1 II. IDAHO J A llenernl hiiiKin,' . I rmtaactesi -it- THH CAkTbK HOUSE. anrtttcAN plan ONTARIO, 01 N. Hlre-PrcMf, Modern, l.l"vs,ant. Ktia Si.M nnJ Sa 50 per day. All Outside Kooms Near Depot was mil) itesarsj to ihe (tiilih. II,... 1 Monle will tar alweya v ami 1 ...ii ' LIVERY BARN IN CONNECTION. .1 l aa Mure OB Napton St, Boyd tell bote. .lines anil lisiof. il fafsrrs, toaa Osriaans ' a. A THE CAPITAL SALOON, QHtOww llll-l II V I N, I Burax Xalco Xti.lt) XXatevdsqL1 Wine5 Liquorm and l Billiard a. id Pool Tank. Club Rooms in ConiiccteO- CHA8. WILSON, JJr 1. .. t sua to.wiiaow a at. 1 a I jf.; H An Jlf w Main St., Bltcksuiiihiiig ili. Horsshoeiaf- Wagon Work. ALL WORK GUAM ANTEEO. Burns, Oregon aawMBI IT eV LLTTOt LSI r1iRaCALLIQl UT Il,aanjkj h ITll.e 0es aOO B wavrt.' awtrtvst L rlesUia awaaaaayta. Bj OareHtlsw a 1 1 is Hk- I y . I LEWIS IJIas lLad l laraiat I'AKTICULAKS and PRICES la m)im ewatTaa; INFORMATION. ottl MSIGNS. THE TIMES-HERALD. Job Printing.