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in imiiim !MltlMlBMMttl'i"ilJMi nlllU8tlhH 1 1 '1 I iTif i tlliiiliil 1 1' HIMWrWiMM Mil tficrcnt Hnrucjj otiuirtj Coirrs mi rron of 0,428,00 nvroi of land, 4,0.11,1101 iicrcii yet vncnnt miliicct to entry iihriur tlio public land lnw of tlio United fiiifes. The Official Pupor ot Hnrnoj County ht the lurgost circulation nnd la ono ot he but ndvortialag mediums In Eoilotn Oregon. )L. XXIII BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, NOVEMBER G, J 910 NO. 51 P' 9'4I1011j0L c - 1GON LAND SOUGHT Flooded With Inquiries Fi-om Easterners Wanting Farms RAILROADS ADVERTISE US County Products Sent to Hill Advertising Car til Brincr Results to This Section if Properly .lowed up With Effectual Descriptive Matter. fore I will here briefly submit for your consideration the princ iples upon which I ask the sup port of the people of this District at the coming election, as follews: MY PLATFORM Iregon larm lands will t irage to meet all in person, as I re demand durinc the I should so much like to do. There- months is indicated by jer of inquiries being re- Portland real estate ; as well as the Portland cial Club and Chamber iierce. Local railroad Biso report im unusuuuy To maintain as a Dart of our iber of inquiries. . System of State Government, the re simply Hooded with Direct Primary Law, including toning m daily Irom all Statement No. 1. the Initiative and Referendum, Recall and Cor rupt Practice Act I will at all times stand for such Progressive Laws as are necessary to further safe-guard the Interests of the People, and the Union," said C. C, , manager of the Pub- imittee of the Commer- "and it is almost im- tor our olnce force to i?ith the correspondence, that the inquiries come 'the upbuilding and prosperity of tes. lore substantial class of have been attracted iparts of the West I loubt that Oregon is re- lore effectual publicity of the other Pacific The railroads are imendable work and are more money than ever nuse of building up Bve from a recent issue ftland paper gives an ie interest shown in the Letters are continu- fig to Burns of the same ivity of the railroads in to extend to Harney fill naturally bring this ifore many homeseekers bould at once prepare to Ivertising on our own ! We should be prepered all inquiries concern- ection with promptness this effectually we descriptive; the State of Oregon. My actions will be governed by ths expressed will of the people and their de sire will be final in determining what action I may take upon Public Questions. I shall advocate such laws as will tend to raise the standard of our Public Schools, the foun dation of our Educational System. 96 per cent of all our children receive their education in the public schools, and this Branch of Government is too important to be neglected as it usually is. I will favor laws for better Roads, and believe that the State should aid in their construction and improvement The interests of my District will receive my special attention, and my Motto will be, "To Serve all the People all the Time." First and foremost, I believe in the Sovereignty of the People and if elected it will be my aim at all times and in all places to respond with every energy, and with my best judgment to the tlLeonard of the Com- care of the Interests of the Iub has been looking' PeoDle. whose Representative for . a time I shall be. Having full confidence in the good judgment and integrity of the Voters of this District, to them I submit my candidacy. Respectfully Submitted, Thomas E. McKnight. ive some data for the Great i embody in a booklet Interior Oregon. He ed some good letters experience of several lers, the yield per acre i crops and under what grown. This is good but is it sufficient? id people will circulate iture throughout the middle states to a itage, but it seems we ire some local matter for particular Central Orefon Dry Parmer Wins. What is considered the best boost Central Oregon has re ceived since the Oregon Trunk and Oregon Central began con struction on their lines, is the re cord made bv Tillman Reuter. of ay of products recently J Madras wn0 won five sweep stakes prizes at the National Dry use legates to bo appointed from the State Thresher's Association by Secretary, Phil S. Bates, from the County Good Roads associations organized by Chairman L. R. Webster, and will also includoall county judges as well as mem bers of tho Stato Automobile As sociaton. At this convention tho propor methods of handling tho expenditures of tho bonding is sues will bo discussed as well as tho appointment of a stato high way engineer and tho utilization of tho stato convicts and county prisoners in tho work in view. TRe result of this convention will be tho basis for nn appeal to tho next session of tho legislature at which time it is expected that Oregon will place tho most ad vanced good roads laws on her statuto books of any state in the Union. Oregon is now leading nationally in good roads work and this meeting will bo tho larg est of its character over hold in tho United States. Pendleton will hayo a big poultry show lasting one full week, commencing December 13. Tho poultry exhibition is now a permanent feature for Pendleton, it having recently been incorpor ated under the name of tho Uma tilla-Morrow County Poultry As sociation. Last year's exhibit was declared to bo tho most suc cessful "first show" over held in tho Northwest and hereafter there promises to be a sblendid collection of poultry on viow at each annual exhibition. Pens have been arranged so that over 1,000 fowls can be properly housed at tho approaching show. The 1911 national convention of tho Christian church will be held in Portland, it having been se cured for this city through Port land churches, the Commercial Club and the co-operation of the whole coast A temporary struc ture, housing 10,000 people, will be built to care for the gather ing and thousands of delegate from all parts of the country will attend. The convention bureau of the Commercial Club has under consideration plans for the enter tainment of the visitors. The Harvest Festival that proved such a success this year will bo perpetuated as an annual event This was decided at a meeting held during the past week by the Portland Fair and Livestock Association, at which the success of the Festival was recounted and considerable en thusiasm aroused. The double tracking of the street car line to the fair grounds is considered re quisite to tho success of future shows and assurances have been given that this will bo done by the trolley company as soon as property owners mnko arrange ments to pave porUons of the route traversed. It is planned to make next year's show tho big gest ever. EAST AND WEST ROAD a. Impression Strong in Portland That This Construction Next OREGON TRUNK EAST FROM BEND Connection With The Burlington Seems to be Aim of Hill Line According to Tliis Portlund Advice Ten Commandments of Drj Farming by Palmer. A short time ago Tho Times Herald made tho assertion that tho Hill line would bo continued on cast from Bend as soon as the Oregon Trunk reached that place. The following dispatch recently sent out from Portland supports tho assertien: In railroad circles tho impres sion is strong that the next con struction in tho state will bo upon tho Oregon Trunk eastward from Bend. It is thought probable that tho line south of Bend will not bo built until after the com pletion of the road to tho East, and that whon tho south line is built it will be used jointly by tho Hill and Harriman trains. Connection with the Burlington seems to be tho aim of tho Ore gon Trunk in reaching out east ward, and haste in that dirccton is said to bo inspired by the re cent effort of tho Oregon Short Line to raise money for a, road across Oregon. Obviously that would afford tho shortest route between the Deschutes timber belt and-tho waiting markets of Nebraska, Iowa and Missouri, to say nothing of Colorado, Kansas and Illinois. The Burlington system is controlled by Hill. The official map appearing in the folder of the Burlington Route issued this month shows a pro jected line from Guernsey, Wyo., to the Big Horn river, in tho western part of that state, the samo as tho road up, tho Deschutes to Bend, now nearing completion, is shown. by the Fair Associa- Hisplayed in the Great Ivertising car will also lyantage to Harney will bring much in- should be handled and effectually. We i advantage of the op- ind follow this matter to reap the benefit e. Mcknight 'Representative Announce prm of Principles. Ore., Nov, 1st 1910. rs of the 27th Mstrict: ubmitted my candi- Direct Primary on and as a result of having leceived the l Nomination for Re- to the Legislature patriot, I cannot but per to acquaint you W the reasons which ippcal lor your sup-time. Igment tho recipro- lona between tlio jtheir Representative 3ential on tho one ey know him, and on lat he know them; appreciate that in a urge as this, (being tho State) it would for me or any other no seeks your sui- Fnrming Congress held at Spok ano recently. In competition with all the prominent day-farming districts west of tho Mississippi, Mr. Reu ter, the only delegate from Ore gon, took first prizes on sheaf grain, vegetables, onions, corn and alfalfa. Where Mr. iteuter's iarm is located in Crook County the an- nual rainfall is light, being about ten inches. A few years ago Mr. Reuter adopted the me thods of dry farming advanced. bv Professor Cnmnbell and his Legis-. eflfortg aonz improved lines of ' cultivation soon produced attrac tive results. The quality of pro ducts raised by Mr. Reuter, as shown by the exhibit judges at Spokane, is considered the best that can be raised by the dry farming system. INDUSTRIAL NOTES. (Portland Correspondence.) Arrangements are now being made by tho State Good Roads Association upon tho. expected passage of Amendment No. 354 to tho Constitution, giving the priviligo to counties to bond themselves, to call .a convention of good roads enthusiasts to be held in Portland immediately after tho election on Nov. 8. This LITTLE CHILD DIED MONDAY. James Walker Peterson, the three-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Peterson, died at the home of his parents near this city Monday, Oct 24, of conges tion of the bowels after a brief illness. The funeral took place Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock from tho Baptist church, tho ser vices being conducted by tho pastor, Rev. L. A. Meyers, and tho little body was tenderly laid to rest in tho Ontario cemetery. James was tho youngest of five children and his death was a severe shock to his parents, brothers and sisters who have tho heartfelt sympathy of the entire community in their sad bereavement. Ontario Optimist convention will be made upofde-'all kinds of dress making. Three men, Moore, King and Burnett, are candidates for tho six-year term on tho supremo bench,. Judgo Mooro is sure of election" becauso Republicans, Democrats and Non-Political Judiciary movement alike nomi nated him. Consequently cither King or Burnett must be defeated and u vote for both would bo the Bamo as not voting at all. To aid in retaining Judgo King upon tho supremo bench, pass by Burnett's name when you voto and place an x octoro tho namo ot Will it. King. (P'd Adv.) Miss K. Neugebauer is located in the Jorgensen building south Main St, and is prepared to do The Ten Commandments o( Dry Fanning. "Hewho obeys theso precepts shall reap abundant crops. He who violates thpm Bhall be pun ished by decrease in yield in pro portion to the transgression." Professor W. C. Palmer, agri cultural editor of tho extension department at tho State Agricul tural College of North Dakota, says this in a foreword to "the ten commandments of Dry Farm ing Congress, for adoption at tho fifth annual convention in Spo kane, October 2 to 6, in connec tion with tho third international exposition of dry farmed pro ducts. The commandments fol low. I. Thou shalt plow deep. Deep plowing permits rain to penetrate tho soil easily and withoutrunningoff, nlso provides more feeding space for plant roots and makes available more plant food. II. Thou shalt keep the sur face soil loose. This prevents soil moisture from evaporating and conserves the rain fall. Harrow grain after it is up two inches or use weeder. III. Thou shalt cultivate lovel. Level soil affords tho least ex posure to tho air and will take in rainfall faster than ridged soil. IV. Thou shalt summer fal low. This should bo practiced in all districts where tho annual preci pitation is less than 15 inches, as it conserves two year's rain fall for ono crop and kills weeds and plant diseases; land should bo cultivated. Where the yearly rainfall is more than 15 inches corn is ns good n preparation for a crop as tho bare fallow. V. Thou shalt auu organic matter to tho soil. This holds moisture and plant food, improves mechanical condi tion of tho soil and lessens wash ing, drifting and blowing. Stable manure is tho best form. Plow weeds under while green. VI. Thou shalt keep down the weeds. Weeds consume moisture and plant food, crowd plants, shade crops, retard plant life and make land work harder. VII. Thou shalt grow early maturing crops. Conditions for growing are best during tho early summer; winter grains aro better than those sown in tho spring. VIII. Thou shalt grow corn every three to five years. Tho cultivation required for corn saves moisture, kills weeds and plant diseases. Corn is tho best preparation for a grain crop; it produces more food and fod der per acre than other crops. Do not hill up the corn, as this wastes the moisture. IX. Thou shalt grow clover or alfalfa every few years. Rotating with theso grasses adds fertility and organic matter to tho soil; kill weeds and diseases of plunts and produces an ex cellent hay and valuable seed crops. X. Thou shalt keep stock. Tho most profitable of marhet- ing grain and fodder is through stock, which produce the manure necessary to the soil and bring prosperity and plenty to tho dry land farmer. it for benefits tho West believes should have. At any rate several issues that have been agitating tho West for a generation will bo fought out Tho altitude of tho Pacific Coast states of Idaho, Colorado, Ari zona, New Mexico, Washington, Nevada, Utah, Oregon, Califor nia, Hawaii and Alaska on nn American merchant marino, a battleship fleet for tho Pacific, and tho scope of tho exposition1 San Francisco and San Diego hope to give in 1915 will be de termined upon. These aro things for which a strong sentiment has been growing for somo time. But just what tho Congress will do is n matter of speculation. In every respect thoso who attend tho conference aro left entirely free to express their opinions and suggest future work. Care is being taken by thoso behind the Congress to select speakers, even, that have no distinct political standing in their own states men without entanglements, or interests to servo. It will bo a clearing houso of ideas. Perhaps the most important feature of the conference will bo tho decision as to whether or not tho Congress will bo made an an nual affair. If this is decided upon it will mean that definite policies will bo agreed upon, sol idly worked for, and reported upon each yenr. It will mean that tho West will decide to unite in makihg its requests of the nation. The movement to call tho Con gress had its inception in the de sire of tho Merchant Marine League of California to get an ex pression from the Pacific Coast Btates as to their attitude upon an American merchant marino. But already the Congress has outgrown this one function, and becomo a western parlimcnt It may become ono of tho most sig nificant .features in American public life. Seasonable Merchandise Insuring Quality and Style A hew and well selected , stock of winter goods equalled only by the . higher class city stores bought direct from exclusive fur houses fcand Snappy Coats for Ladies A fashionable line of New things in pretty wool garments fbr the babies.... Everything" has the Quality and Style Brown's Satisfactory Store N. BROWN & SONS Burns, Oregon. Make II a Warning. A.WeSTERN C0N0RESS. The West will meet in San Francisco Nov. i7th, and have a calm, serious talk concerning tho problems of the Pacific Slopo States, tho progress that may be mado through co-operation, and tho achievements the next few years may witness. Tho confer ence will last three days. It has been called by Governor J. N. Gillott, of California, and termed tho Pacific Coast Congress. Gov ernors of eight states, officials of those states and of threo terri tories, inducing Now Mexico, Hawaii and AInska, mayors of all important towns within these closely-allied sections, nnd prom inent men from tho whole West ern country will be present when tho Congress opens. It promises to innugurato a now nnd most significant epoch in the history of a part of tho United States that thus far has not attracted partic ular consideration in the councils of tho nation. For threo days San Francisco will make theso several hundred prominent Westerners her guests, and tho occasion will end in a monster banquet, at tho conclu sion of which a speech or two will bo mado expressing tho sonso of tho gathering. It mny bo decided to let tho states work out their problems separately, as has boon done in tho past; per haps tho Congress will go on re cord as the father of a now West ern union n Solid West that will work as ono when striving s m Tho voters of Lane and Linn county ought to beat L. E. Bean for joint senator, and the voters of Harney and Malheur should defeat W. H. Brooke for joint representative. These two men are the authors of the infamous Brooke-Bean bill. By it they proposed to make it a crime to attempt direct election of senator in Oregon. No bill more infa mous was ever proposed in the Oregon legislature. It was a measure repugnant to the whole idea of self government It pro posed to mnke it a prison offense for a legislative candidate to offer to let the people choose senator. Brooke js opposed by Thomas E. McKnight, a Democrat, and Bean by I. H. Bingham, a Re publican. In such a contest, there is no party. When with a law Brooke and Bean proposed to send a man to jail for making a public promise to his constituents, all other issues sink into insigni ficance. The fact tho Brooke Bean bill lacked but threo votes of passing the house at tho last session makes it all the moro pressing as an issuo. Bean should be beaten. Brooke should bo beaten. Bingham, tho Republican, should bo elected in Lane and Linn. McKnight, tho Democrat, should bo elected in Harney nnd Malheur. Let tho defeat of Brooke and Bean bo mado a warning to future legis lators not to attempt to mnko tho taking of Statcmont Ono a crime. Editorial from tho Oregon Journal of Oct 20, 1910. (P'd Adv.) ! '6J $$SS$(99S$$$$ L. LEWIS " i yjjuag FIREJNSANCy ... Rppresents the.... Home Insurance Co., of New York, Live pool, London & Globx-, Fire Assurance Co., Philadelphia. OPPICH WIVH HIOOS & Biuas. Bu.iis, Oregon. t o-ner .South of Umabui r & Dnlton's. ! WOTSG& $$c$s The HOTEL BURNS N. A. DIBBLE, Propt. CENTRALLY LOCATED, GOOD, CLEAN MEALS, COMFORTABLE ROOMS Courteous treatment, rates reason-able-"Cive me a ca'l A First Class Bar in Connection C. M. KELLOGG STAGE CO. 1 Four well equipped lines, for transportation of mail Prairie City to Burns. Burns to Diamond Excellent facilities express, passengers Vale to Burns Burns to Venator E. B. WATERS, Agent. - aAj ;n-sa-- M: Work stock wintered on most reasonable terms. Good pasturo with plenty of shelter at $1.C0 per head per month. Good tim othy hay, if required or desired, fed at merely tho cost of tho hay. Inquiro at this office. - W. T. LUSTHR, A. A. I'BKRY, Manager and Salesman. Secretary and Notary Public. THE INLAND EMPIRE REALTY COHPANY Ilepruaanta That Which isTtetud vml Ittllublo, ami Handle Buccotigfiitly all Boris ol Iloal Katnto lliielnoaB We are Annuls Fur tlio llallable AETNA and PHOENIX FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES AMERICAN LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE COMPANY THE OHEfiON NUSIiRY COMPANY AND THE IDAHO STATE NUSERY TREES AfiE THE BEST Talk Your Hoal Kitate Matters Ovor With U. Your llmlnesa Will Strictly (Jonfldentlal. uuar, Attend To Our Uaalueas and Want Your Hualnoss. FIRST DOOR SOUTH OP HARNEY COUNTY NATIONAL DANK We Know Our Busl. BURNS ORlidON The Harriman Mercantile Co. GENERAL MERCHANDISE BEST GOODS AT LOWEST PRICES Complete line of Groceries and Dry Goods Gents Furnishings FULL AND COMPLETE LWE OF HAtVilLTO BROWN SHOES HARDWARE farm; implements, winona wagons, barbed wire Wo guarantecjquallty aindjprli'es Let us prove to you (hat we- have tho goods at righCprices Call ami see us JESlsL'm.iDOLxXn Orej T Tw Town m. ea.n ?aalc Oi.y '' ?CC0 J1