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fte CITY OF BURNS COUNTY OF HARNEY The Biggest County In The State Of Oregon, Best In The West I The Biggest City In The Biggest County In The State Of Oregon I VOL. XXVI BURNS, HARNKY COUNTY, OREGON, APRIL 5, 1913 NO. 21 r mmt&Mttalb. ROF. SHAW'S ADVICE TO THE HOMESTEADER fives The Intending Investor Practical Information Whereby Profitable Results Reward Those Who Will Adhere To His Methods And Give Careful Consideration To Seeding erv many homestendors are it now beginning their work homesteads, which they have ;en. It is of the utmost im- ance that they shall begin L This paper will discuss it question and more especially reference to the needs of iesteaders who have families. especially important that shall be able to irrow food themselves and the animals it they have when they come heir claims. Under judicious magement they may do this. without knowing how. they utterly fail. I is presupposed that every n who moves onto a home- fed farm with a family will ;e with him to that farm four es to enable him to plow his I. a cow or two to provide his il with milk and butter, a rp ! sow that will nourish piir ive meat the following win and a few hens to provide H with meat or its equivalent ggs the first summer. Hi' iuld also have enough grain th him to feed his horses, his Ine and his fowls until he can iw some the following autumn. rhat money crops can he grow first year? Only two, one is and the other is durum t Of these flax is the sur as it will bear up better un it dry conditions, should the n prove dry. than any other al crop. But to be sure of a it should not be sown later eaily June. If the durum at is sown it cannot be sown early. The flax is sown at rate of 1J pecks per acre, the durum wheat at the rate , Decks per acre, of course it ild be better in the long run lummer-failow all the land ken the first year, and to sow bulk of it to winter wheat following August, but, if the lesteader must have some money crops, these should flax and duram wheat Which are the crops that can be grown for the live stock? The homesteader can grow for these oats, to provide food for horses, barley and peas to provide food for the cow or cows in winter and hulless barley of the white variety to provide food for the swine the following winter, and also to provide food for the fowls. The oat crop is not so sure a crop as the durum wheat on breaking, but it mav be made to furnish much food in an average season. In a very dry season the results would be disappoint ing. It would not be necessary to thresh the oats for the horses as in newly settled sections it might not he easy to get a ma-! chine. The pea anil barley crop should be drilled m, using 3 p cks of peas and 2 of barley to the acre. These would be cut when in the dough stage, and they I would be fed to the cows as hay. j The white hulless barley could be sown at the rate of 3 or 4 peck per acre and it would furn ish food to swine and fowls the following winter, either in the threshed or theunthreshed form. Corn is one of the best crops to grow to furnish food for horses or cows in winter. Good crops can be grown on the new breaking. To gro these in best form, the land should be broken 5 to G inches deep. It should be packed with a disk as soon as j broken. A fine mulch should be i made on it with the harrow. The j corn should be planted in hills 8 feet apart each way. The varieties to plant include the Mercer Flint and the Northwest ern Dent. They should be plant ed as soon as the danger from frost is past. The cultivation may be given part by the harrow. Squaw corn planted thus in hills j will furnish grain for swine and aMa" .m pit. k ST issspWTIlJfc.ygj' - W jmf. Xf M&f be SuNkftuK&ghfesjrflAVjLjLHrilMflMelfll Iff WJm OREGON WELL REPRESENTED IN THE PERMANENT ST. PAUL AGRICULTURAL DISPLAY FROM "ZONE OF PLENTY." Orrpon will no ilouM JitIvp (frvnt rnid i.ntinr bsasflts from ths ptnstMat li piny sf grates sad grassss in tin- -hi bit ion MM of ths MorthWStl Prvi'lop mint LsiSjW in St. I'mil. S'lrn.lil aiimpli-n of wheat, onti. Hut. ryi mid luirli'y with irt of (ln Mulc'a mux nUesnt sgrlralttml nhibll at tks nsset MinnuxtlM anl Chicago lallil allow anil w.rr Irrniii-lit Rm( f'T display pttnsMS liy tin' Cr.al . .1 1 In rn llailwuy. Com nnTtial oipmi.it ioiM, tin luilruatU an. I tlm Pi'rloiiin nl LsBftM SN lurrying on an vxtvnaivu publicity campaign to at- inot tin. attention of vialtora in tin' Twin Oty t.i tin ilinplay of tin products of tin iwil of tin' Aiiu'iiruii Niirtliwcil anil it i- likely tliouaaiula of pSOpls ill 1 i'W (lie exhibit annually. Om of tln fiatiini of till' Oregon oxliil'it in u Hampli' of full rye arvrn left high. Yurlrlira of oatS inrluilo Mum moth (luali-r, Storm King ami MtSI Mini-. Wliii ' Ilonaniui in alao hIiowii in (In display. Crail Kifi', Itig Clnh, lllnr sti-iii sad Bad Club rsrlttiss of wheat are wt'll feuturiil in tin' onp'ii grain exhibit. bssUsat tlax niimpli'4 anil i row li.iil.-y form a part of tin' display Mn-lli-il gniim in gla jam SOSBBlstS th grain vxuillt. Ora.11 ample inclu ! tiuiothv, rr.l rlovrr, alalkf, alfalfa, l.iin.h (TSSS, Dies joint ami liromr In tin' Oregon exhihit are a large mini her of jniM eontainlng tine, aamplea of praeasSM fruiti of dufsrSBt varietiea. The fofSStS have nroviiliil an exhibit of TOodS "I xeveral kiinli' The exhibition root! i well ntlpplipil with Oregon liter ature tleieriptive of I he state In general ami t-v rominiiiiillea. The exhibit i open morning, afternoon ami evening and rep n-H.-nlaliven of the league give infornia lion al.. ml the statea of Oregon, Mlnne -I 1. Miintanu. Waahington, lilaho ami I he Pakotna, the aevell alalia whiill th lei 'lopineiit League U awking to aJ- rsaos, THE BURNS HOTEL DELL DIBBLE, Prop. Centrally Located, Good Clean Meals, Comfortable Rooms; Clean and Sanitary Beds First Class Bar In Connection. Give Me A Call FORD You'll get yours if you place HO order early. lOvrrv day iuJiIh to the ulrcudy uiipreedeiitfd ileinaml for Ford Cfirn. In Hiitt of the greatly enlarged production lute buyer lire almost sure to be disappointed. (Jet your order in today rigbt now. "Everybody is driving a Ford" more than 200,000 in service. New prices runabout $650 touring car $725.00 -with all equipment delivered at Burns. Get further information and full particulars from the BURNS GARAGE Kacloalve Airali for Harney CoMtr fowls, lut il wi'l not furnish much fodder. To provide for the home a lih oral supply of potetOM should ht planted. They will row well on hreakiiiK. The land mav be pre pared M for com. In this way an ample supply of POtatOM may be obtained for home use. If white navy beena are sown on sod land and broadcaated, they are fairly sun' to produce B kiuhI crop, and the same is true of nitmbajtaa. The only labor in volved will be the aowing and harrowing. Vegetable! may al so be thus grown. In these ways the bomeateader may do much to lessen the outlay of the first season. Resolution of Condolence Tule Circle No. 168, Hums Oregon, has been called upon to mourn with those who mourn. Death has entered our mystic circle, and taken from us our es teemed and worthy Neighbor Minnie Woldenberg, therefore be it Resolved; That we bow in hum ble submission to the dispensa tion of Him who rules the Celes tial Circle above. Truating in the wisdom of one who cltx-th all thinga well. Resolved; That we extend to the husband anil family our heartfelt sympathy in their bereavement and pray that in the hour of trial they may be comforted by one who is to wise to err. Resolved; That the Charter be draped in mourning for thirty days. That n pugu be set apart in the records of the Circle for the memorial. That these resolutions be pub lished in hi; paper! and a copy be inroad on the minutes. Cemmittee: Esther P. Schwartz Hester K. Coodman Annabel Foulkaa Baatman Kodaks and Kodak supplies at The Welcome Pharm acy. 10 tf IGet It! AT THE Rexall Drug Store Reed Bros. Props. Gives New Knowledge On Rural Problems "Through our axtention de partment and by means of bulle tins the results of this investiga tion will be placed at the com mand of every rural community in the state of Ort'Kon." says Dr. j Hector Maepherson of the econo mics department of the Oregon Agricultural CoUege, apealdngof i the work of the past three years I in collecting information which. ! it is hoped, will aid in solving rural problems. "Few sections of the United Stales are more enterprising and progressive than the Pacific Northwest, " he says, "No sec tion shows more inclination to aCQUlre the advantages of fuller agricultural organization. Re peated requests for information and guidance have been present ed to this college. "For the past three years, in consequence, the school of com merce has been preparing to meet the demand, voiced by many of our most prominent rur al leaders, for instruction in Un economic problems of agriculture. "As a result an immei ae amount of material has been col lected. The field force in charge of the preliminary agricultural survey conducted during the past summer by the Oregon State Im migration Commission thru the agricultural college covered every county in the state. The ques tionaries, as well as the commun ity reports required of all the field men, were especially de signed to secure the fullest in formation possible regarding so cial and economic conditions among the farmers of the state. "Alongside of this material we ; have placed the results of rural surveys and investigations by country life commissions in other states. In addition the corres pondence and yuestionairc meth od has been persisted in until we have accumulated a large hotly of first-hand facts, sugges tions, and opinions from promi nent educators and rural life I workers in every state in the , Union, as well as most of the Canaidian provinces". ! Two Boosters Who Got Left A party of Kansas people, 21 , in number, arrived in Ontario on on Sunday in a special tourist j car, being four days on the road. I The car was left here by the Pony and W. T. Lampkin and ("has. W. Thebaud paid the strangers a visit and welcomed them to this section, Hooster Hill telling them that Ontario was the only place on earth to locate, and Charley stating that Vale was the right haven. Just then a fellow with lilac whiskers said: "Sec here, gentlemen, I am spokesmen for every man, woman and child in this car and we're going to Hurns, Harney County." Kill collapsed and Charley fainted. Ontario Democrat. RANCHER CHECKS UP ON THE MIDDLEMAN Replies Show lltimate Buyer Pays $1.25 to $1.50 For What Grower Sells at 55 Cts. In order to determine just how badly he was being robbed and at the s inio time show the con sumer how he was being held up, I . L Young, a ranchei residing near Nampa, lilaho. put into operation a unique schema that brought astounding results frotti the potatoes he raised and sold says an exchange. Young is an extensive potato raiser. After he had harvested his Murphy crop last Full and while sacking the potatoes, he placed a note in the bottom of each sack asking the consumer to be kind enough to write him what price he paid for the spuds. The potatoes were later sold by Mr. Young, who received for them Gfi cents a sack. 1 Some time later letters began to pour in to Mr. Young from all parts of the United States. The consumers had found the notes. The several hundred replies also stated that the consumers had paid prices ranging from $1,60 to $2.50 tier sack for the spuds. Mr. YoutiK said he expected the middlemen to make a rea I mable profit, but that he, as grower, was lereiving such a small fraction of the ultimate silling price demanded of the buyer as astounded him. The revelation has spread out j among Idaho crowers, many of whom are confident now that aajea direct to the conaumersl would be much more profitable all around. Eastern Oregon Beef Producing Methods Three prime dressed steers. one from each of three lots now being sent to market by William Hanley, of Hurns, are to be seiit with his compliments to the Ore gon Agricultural College. They represent three different method! of feeding for market which Mr. Hanley has been using. He has compiled data as to the methods and results and is sending them also for the benefit of the stud ents and instructors of animal husbandry, to demonstrate the value of eastern Oregon for beef production. New pumps for ladies at Schwartz' in patent and velvet Just arrived. See them. GAME BIRDS RECEIVE FURTHER PROTECTION Right To Regulate Protection of Migra tory Birds Is Taken From States. Game Warden Finley Soon To Call Meeting of Hunters to Submit Re commendations for Changes Etc. Multnomah County duck hunt trs need worry no more about unsatisfactory game laws enact ed by the last legislature, and those sections agitating a refer endum on what they term an ob noxious code might as well re serve their efforts for another cause, for hereafter migratory birds, including ducks, geese, swan, etc., are the property of the United States Government and subject to regulation by the Federal authorities, says the Oregonian. This news of the most radical step in game protection ever tak en in the United States was re ceived yesterday by Came War den Finley from Henry W. Hen shaw. chief of the Bureau of Biological Survey of the Depart ment of Agriculture. Delegates from the various sections of the United States (rill meet in Wash ington in the near future to de termine the open and closed sea sons for these birds in the vari ous districts or zones. This law taking from the var ious states their rights to regulate the protection of migratory birds, was signed by the 1'resident on ' March 1 and immediatly became a law. The term "migratory and insectiverous birds, "includes geese, swan, brant, ducks, snipe, plover, woodcocks, rail, wild pig eons, coot, dove and all other species of bird which migrate. This leaves only the quail, China pheasant, rufTed and blue grouse to be protected as the states will. In order that Oregon may have an open season for these birds which will be satisfactory to all sportsmen, Mr. Finley will pro bably call a meeting of hunters from every section of the state within the next few weeks. He is determined that the majority shall rule at least so far as his recommendations to the Federal authorities are concerned. His idea is to have Oregon divided into two zones, east and west of the Cascades, with the open sea son conforming to the climatic conditions. Just received at The Burns Department Store New Ging hams, Chambras, Kibbonettes, Ladfea Negligee Shirts, Muslin underwear.Silk Hose, and Gloves, Velvet Ribbon in all colors, Em broideries, Laces, Ribbons and Notions. THE FRENCH HOTEL JOHN R. WaLKUP, Prop. Strictly First Class. Splendid Service, Fine Accomodations, Commercial Headquarters .Simple Room In Connection, Reasonable Rates 10 - PER CENT - 10 E. C. Eggieston, the popular Life Insurance and Real Estate Agent of Burns, representing; the UNITED WAREHOUSE (JOMPANY BEND, OREGON '.- Meats, Flour, Salt, Sugar, Gasoline, Landplaster, Blacksmith Coal, Auto Oils and Greases - WE PAY - TOP PRICES FOR Hides and Pelts Thos. W. Stephens, Agt., Burns, Ore. DIGESTER TANKAGE Finest Hog Conditioner On Earth All Orders Given Us Will Receive Prompt And Careful Attention OREGON LIFE Will donate to the building fund of the Presby terian church 1 0 per cent of all commissions he makes during the time of business from March 15, to May 1st Burns Meat Market H. J. HANSEN, Proprietor Beef, Pork, Veal, Mutton, Sasnage, Bolonga, Headcheese and Weinerworst, Etc. Wholesale and Retail Prompt and Satisfactory Service Your P-itronge Solicited and Orders Given Quick Attention I H' I INLAND EMPIRE REALTY COMPANY W. T. LESTER (BURNS, OREGON) j. i). McNeil Insure VOOt Dwelling, Hani r other property with U8 in the BeHt Comimnies. (iuar nteed Government Lend Script of all kindH handled by uh. What have you sell? Legal Land Matters Attended To Promptly What Have You To Offer In Exchange? We have aev ral tqilcndid ranches in California and Washington 157 acres well im proved home, large amount of fruit, level land and hog tight, 6 miles from Thayer, Mo. Any of these fine properties can be traded for a good stock and hay ranch in Harney County. Write or call on us, We can give you the very best of bargains. Prescriptions Carefully Compounded V MEANS EVERYTHING To the Doctor and hi Patient. That i why the Doctor get the result he expected when he wrote the prescrip tion why the patient gets the results from the medicine which the Doctor expected. Such results are obtained from prescriptions when filled at our store, for we always have a competent man in charge of this department. THE WELCOME, PHARMACY J. C. WELCOME, Jr., Prop.