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Advertising is to business what steam pow er is to machinery the gran motive power. Macaclat. Tbero is but one of oUainini , .v -t-put-llclty; bat one way of obuimn publlcity advertising. -ULAfKwm.il. VOLUME 6. ATHENA, UMATILLA COUNTY. OREGON, SEPTEMBER 15 1893. NUMBER 44 ' HE- A TOEM A TOKQQ The Maun. Mall closes for Pendleton, Portland, and all poihtaeASt, except the Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin, at 6:30 p. in. For Walla Walla, Hpokane and North Paci fic potm at 7:1a. Mail arrives from Pendleton, Portland and the east at 7:45 a. in. Prom Walla Walla, Spokane and North Pa cific points at 8:15 p. m. .Office hours General delivery open from 8 a. m. to 8 p. m. ttundays, 8 to 11 a. m. Money order window open from 8 a. m. to 4 p. m. Uko. Hansell, Postmaster. LODGE IH HECTOR Y AF.U M. NO. 80 MEETS THE . First and Third Saturday Evenings of each month. Visiting bretheren cor dially invited to visit the lodge. 10. 0. F. NO. 73, MEETS EVERY . Friday night. Visiting Odd Fellows in good standing always welcome, A-, 0. U. W. NO. 104, MEETS THE Second and Fourth Saturdays of sach month, L. A; Githens, Kecorder. PYTHIAN, NO. 29, MEETS EVERY Thursday Night. - : PROFESSIONAL CARDS. Jjl 8, SHARP, ' . , Physician and Surgeon. ,; - Calls promptly answored. Office on Third Street, AthenaOregon. TJR. CARLISLE, PHYSICIAN 4 SURGEON. Calls promptly attended to day or nignt. Office : Main Street, Athena, Or. D R. I N. RICHARDSON, " OPERATIVE PROSTHETIC DENTIST. ATHENA, - - OREGON. W. & C. R. Ry. Co. in connection with NORTHERN PACIFIC R. R. Forma the ' - QUICKEST AND BEST ROUTE Between Eastern Oregon and ashlngton and Puget sound Points, as well as the Popular and direct Line to all Points East & Southeast ' Pullman Sleeninsr Cars. Superb Dinning Cars. , Jtree ija-uass sieepers. THROUGH TO CHICAGO VIA THIS LINE Passenger trains of this Company are run ning regularly between Dayton, Waitsburg, Walla Walla, Wash, and Pendleton, Oregon. ; ' ? . ' Making close connections at Hunt's Junction, with Northern Pacific trains for Tacoma, Reattle, Victoria, B. C, Ellcnsburgh, North , Yakima, Pasco, Bprague, Cheney , Daven port, Spokane, Butte, Helena, St. Paul and AND ALL POINTS EAST, TOURISTS-SLEEPING-CARS. , For Accomodation of Second-Class Passenger Attached to Ex press Trains. w. F. WAMSLEY, tv G en'l Fr't and Pass. Agt., Walla Walla Wash W.D. TYLFR, SOMETHING NEW! Prof. Lane, the artist, has leased rooms over the First National Bank which he has converted into " . STUDIO . and is now prepared to instruct a large number of students in oil naintinor nnrl fret Viand rAnfil drnw. mg.. JNice quite rooms. Prices reasonable. . PROF. J. S. HENRY, : INSTRUCTOR I -on- : c; PIANO AND; ORGAN, $ Will be in Athena on Thursday's and Wed . nedays of eacn week hereafter. Leave oader i witb F. Rozemtweig, ate.. - Hoi lis' Athena. J. F. FORD, Evangelist. ; 3f Des Moines, Iowa, writes under date of I March 23, 1SB: ',.., I 8. B. Med. Mfg. Co., ' . ' ; Dufur, Oregon. Gentlemen: , V On arring home last week, I found all well and anxiously awaiting. - Our little girl, eight and one-half years old, who had wasted away to 3fJ pounds, is now well, strong and vigorous, and well fleshed up. S. B. Cough Cure has done its Work well. Both of the children liice it. Your S. B. Cough Cure has ;ured-'aad kept away all hoarsness from me. So give "it to every one, with greetings for all all. Wish ing you prosperity, we are ! Yours, Mr.& Mrs. J.F. Ford. If yon wish to feel fresh and cheerful, and eady for the Spring's work, rlniw your Kystem with the Headache and Liver Cure, by taking two or three doses each week. 50 cents per bottle by all druggists. Sold nnder a positive guarantee by the ."ueer Drug store. - A- RAINY DAY. It rains. 'What lady loves a rainy day? Kot she who puts prunella on her foot, Zephyrs around her neck and silken socks Upon a graceful ankle nor she who Sports her taseelsd parasol along The walks, beau orowded, on some sunny noon, Or trips In miulia on a winter's nlaht On a cold slelghride to a distant ball. She loves a rainy day who sweeps the hearth And threads the busy needle, or applies The scissors to the torn or threadbare sleeve; Who blesses God that she has frieds and home; Who In the pelting of the storm will think Df some poor neighbor that she can befriend; Who trims the lamp at night and reads aloud ' To a young brother tales he loves to hoar. Or ventures cheerfully abroad to watch Che bedside of some sick and suffering friend, Administering that best of medicine Kindness, tender caro and cheering hope; Such are not sad, e'en on a rainy day. J. G. Brainard. A PLUCKY WIFE. Sage Bar was excited. Six horses were missing from Bill nines' drove. Fifteen minutes after Bill had reported his loaa at the bar a party had found the trail and ridden off toward the south west. Presently, as they were crossing a wet bit of land in a hollow, Bill, who led the party, looked sharply at jhe hoof prints sunk tleep in the soil and reined up quickly. "Look at that shoe markt" he exclaim ed, pointing down at the trail "By. guns I it's the easterner's hoss shoe!" ejaculated Sam Pike after an in stant's scrutiny of the hoofprints among which were several larger than the rest and showing the clear impress of a shoe. The others were those of unshod horses. Then the party scanned the marks close ly. Then the men looked at each other with ugly frowns. ' "Well? said Bill tentatively at last. No one answered for a moment. Then Bam remarked: "It looks bad for ther easterner, surel Th' haint any one got hoss shoes like them in th' district 'cept him. I'm sorry 'f th' feller's put bis head in a rope's end, boys. But we'll have ter follerbimup. Who'll go back?" A couple-of the party volunteered. The men separated. Part of them mov ed forward on the trail. The others turned their horses at right angles to the former lino of march and loped on to ward the easterner's cabin. The easterner, otherwise Jack Craig, of whom they had been speaking, had been In Sage Bar only a short time. He was a tenderfoot, out and out. When he came to the Bar he brought his wife with him. She was a bright, pretty little woman, but they hardly knew her in the settlement. Craig always had been reserved, and the two had kept by themselves in the little cabin which stood a mile or more away from town. So Sage Bar had come to consider the pair a "queer lot," and to designate them as "th' easterner an his wife," which was intended to be anything but complimentary. When the trailing party reined up in front of Craig's cabin, they found the object of . their search sitting on a log before the door smoking. From Us dress, bespattered with mud, it was evi dent that he had just returned from rid ing. The party exchanged glances of understanding. Bam Pike came to the point at once. "Craig," he said, "yer wanted down ter th' Bar!" "What's that?" demanded the easterner angrily. "Yer wanted down ter th' Bart" Sam repeated. "For hoss stealing!" he added. Craig's face was aflame in the instant. He sprang from his seat, throwing back his hand to his hip. But the others had him covered, and his hand dropped loosely by his side again. "It's a lie," he said, "and you know it!" Just then a woman's figure appeared in the cabin doorway. It was Craig's wife. ' "What's the matter?" she questioned anxiously, seeing her husband's attitude. Craig spoke up quickly: "Go back, Dolly! They've got up a dirty story about me and want me to go to the Bar. But I'll come back in a bttle while." Sam had a great fear of women's tongues and tears, and immediately or dered Craig to mount a horse which another man at a word secured from the stable near by. The woman had looked on dumbly, seeming hardly to compre hend what was taking place, hut as she saw her husband walk over toward the horse, she ran to him and threw both arms about him, holding him tight to her. He unclasped her arms gently after an instant and mounted the horse, and turning in the saddle waved his hand to her. Then they rode away, and after they had gone a piece Sam looked back and saw the woman still standing there, her hands loosely locked before her, watching them with wide open eyes. "She's grit ter th' backbone," muttered that worthy and lashed his horse into a gallop. All Sage Bar crowded around the party when they drew rein in town, and there were some who would have strung Craig up upon the spot when Sam had told the story. Sage Bar was in that stage of progress where horse stealing was a capital offense and a short shift was granted to offenders. But Sam's protest that nothing should be done until the Bines J5arty returned was heeded, and the prisoner was put in an empty cabin, tied hand and foot, several of the men agreeing to stand guard. The afternoon waned away, and even ing came, and the Dines party did not make its appearance. So Craig was given something to eat and then was fastened tightly once more, and the men rolled themselves up in their blankets in front of the cabin about 11 o'clock, leaving only Jo Stetson on guard. . ' Stetson sat himself down on a stump and lit a pipe, and with his rifle across his knees fell to thinking about some "mavericks"' he'd had branded that day. Presently he imagined he heard a -soft step from the prairie. He raised his head and listened. Just then the moon showed a rim beyond a sailing cloud, and its light fell on a figure a woman's figuremaking its way toward the cabin. Stetson rose to his feet, letting his rifle butt drcp th9 ground, and curiously surveyed the woman, who was close to him now. It was the easterner's wife. "Ia he in there?" she said, her voice trembling a bit. "Yes," answered Stetson. "Can I BOO him?" she aaked. "Only for a moment," she added. "Can't do it, marm," said Stetson. - For a moment she was quiet, looking longingly toward the cabin and clasping and unclasping her hands softly. The man hoped she would go. He had hated to say no, and he didn't know how long his determination to refuse would last "But they say they're going to try him tomorrow, and I mayn't get another chance." She looked at him so sadly and yet so bravely withal that Stetson wavered and was lost. "For five minutes, then, no morel" he said, half repenting of his words the in stant they were uttered. But he unlocked the cabin door for her and locked it behind her again. Then he stood outside the door cursing himself. Presently there was a rap from the inside of the cabin, and, much re lieved, he undid the door, but he kept his ringer on the hammer of his rifle as he stood asido to allow her to pass. She came out quickly. Stetson turned and bent to fasten the door. As he did so he felt a tiny ring of cold metal against his head and heard, in her voice, now without a tremble: "Put up your hands and do it quickly I" The order was so distinctly put and so emphatically backed up by the cold metal whioh Stetson knew only too well was the dangerous end of a revolver that ho did not hesitate. As he threw up his hands the door was pulled open from the inside, and a man dashed out and melted in the darkness of the prairie. A mo ment more, and tho hoofbeats of a horso came back, sounding clear and sharp on the still air. ' The men who had been asleep till now, awakened by the noise, sleepily raised themselves on their elbows. The woman had not moved the pistol from Stetson's head, but now she dropped the weapon quickly and started to run. In an in stant Stetson was after her, and wild at being outwitted had run her down and caught her before sho had gone 60 yards. As he grasped her by tho shoulders the hoofbeats were dying on the air, and the woman looked into her captor's face with an exultant smile. Stetson brought her back to the cabin and in a half shamed way told his story. The woman was quiet and did not seem to hear what they said. Despite their chagrin at having been w.orsted by a woman, the men could not but admire her pluck and skill. Then they argued as to what they should do with her, and finally decided to take' her into town as soon as it was light. They locked her in the cabin and then sat up and talked the rest of the night. They felt that it would be useless to attempt -to trail Craig in the dark, and, to tell the truth, they were just a bit fearful that tho woman would escape, them unless they kept a sharp lookout. .. When morning came, a big party set off in pursuit of Craig. But they had scant hope of overtaking him with a horse under him and his many hours' start. The easterner's wife still remained locked in the cabin. Sage Bar for once found itself nonplused. Law and order had been reversed by a woman, and the town had the offender in custody. But smoke and ponder as it might, Sage Bar was at a loss to know how to proceed. All the laws of the settlement, unwrit ten though they were, had sprung from an acute sense of frontier needs and re ferred to men. There was an indefina ble feeling among the Sage Bar solons that these laws could not be applied with propriety to women, and so they talked much, smoked and drank much more and did nothing. When the Hines party came in, tired, hungry and empty handed, no solution of the difficulty presented itself, and so with admirable judgment the town de cided to free itself of further responsi bility by setting the woman at liberty. The easterner's wife was pale and evi dently worn out when they brought her out of the cabin; but she said not a word when they told her she might go and walked off in the direction of her home with a smile, half of defiance, half of satisfaction. That night the party which had gone in pursuit of Craig returned, having made a fruitless search. : Two days later, just as Sage Bar was preparing its evening meal, two mon were seen riding over a swell from the northeast. Five horses were driven loosely before them. When the men got nearer the town one of them was recognized as the easterner. He was riding bareheaded, and beside him rode another, dark and swarthy, his arms bound to his sides, his horse led by Craig. All Sage Bar assembled about the party, while Craig told the story of how he had ridden away that night, had struck the trail of the horses, and following it had brought the Mexican thief to terms with a shot from his rifle, and then came back. And when ho had done there were cheers for the easterner such as the town hadn't had a chance to relieve itself of for- a long while, and to this day there is not a man in Sage Bar but touches his slouch hat to the easterner's wife, whom Jo Stetson declares is "th' sandiest little woman in the west!" Kansas City Times. Getting Something Like It. The following little experience, re cently enjoyed by a well known tenor, seems worthy of narration. Having mislaid his copy of Handel's air, "Wher e'er You Walk," the artist in question sent a faithful but unmusical servant to procure a copy of the song. In due course the messenger reappeared, bear ing in place of the required piece a cer tain music hall ditty entitled, "I Like a Little Toddle Down Regent Street" not by Handel. He had failed to secure the object of hia quest and so, imagining that words of an ambulant tendency were the chief desideratum, had picked out what he thought to be "the nearest thing." The story certainly seems to require a grain of salt for its due assimilation, but it must be borne in mind that truth ia stranger than fk ..ok. Sheffield Telegraph. Advantages of College Training. Most of our magazine writers state the truth and nothing but the truth, but they do not state tho whole truth. The Forum for June supplies an example of this in an article by Professor Charles F. Thwing on the proportion of college bred men among those of sufficient distinc tion to appear in a well known cyclo pedia of biography. He finds that of the 15,143 men named in tho book, 5,870 are college men, or slightly more than one-third. This he considers exceeding ly significant, but it is more apparent than real As well claim that colleges make religious men because such a large proportion are clergymen. That our colleges are the mothers of great men goes without saying. Fools cannot go to college if they would, and stupid dolts without talent or ambition would not if they could. Many college" bred men would havo achieved success without this training. Perhaps more than a few would have arisen to greater distinction if they had never seen the in side of a college building. To deny that a college training is a benefit to a young man is pernicious nonsense. But the question to consider is whether it pays for the time and ex pense. College training does not create poets, but it sweetens tho poet's song. It does not make great writers or artists or inventors, but it teaches them how to use the greatness that is and was within it gives them a new birth and a new le. " . ' " ' ; ' . " Whether it pays a bright young man to spend four of the best years of his life in a college to possess that which today is often a drug in the market, or whether he had best devote four years to a course of self instruction outside a college, is a question he can best decide for himself. But he should not forget that it is a pretty good experiment to take a chance upon. The Passion For tho Old. It is a rather interesting fact that many devices and contrivances that have been ousted from tho utilitarian field by the march of progress are now employed as means of amusement by persons who have time to devote seriously to pleasure seeking. Thus the spinning wheels of our grandmothers are to be found con spicuously placed in the homes of such of us as had grandmothers, and the hall clock of other days is seen in many a palatial home. Yet our women never spin on the whirls, and if we desire to know the correct time we consult our chronometers and not grandfather's clock. ,. . , . . ' . . ; When our ancestors desired to go on long land journeys, they took passage on a fast 4-horso mail coach, albeit thoy grumbled at the discomforts of the trip. When they had to go by sea, they took a ship. Today the rich at great expense maintain coaches as near duplicates of the old time "mails" as possible for long pleasure trips, and the sailing of swift yachts, long since left behind by steam in the domain of usefulness, is the most important and costly sport of the age. Will it always be so? When the devel opment of electrical science has been so perfected that we go from point to point in swift airships, will clubs of wealthy gentlemen be formed for the purpose of maintaining the ancient lines of rail that the club members and their friends may enjoy riding in the old way behind the snorting, puffing iron horse? And will the gentlemen of leisure of those future days act as engine drivers as the coach ing men of today take the box and the place of the professional coachmen of our grandfathers' time? Crying For Funds. The great seats of learning in the country are again crying for further en dowments. Considering the amount of money that has been poured into tho treasuries of the more popular institu tions like Harvard and Yale during the past decade, this may seem a little singu lar, but it is not. First class colleges now require hundreds of professors, and they are paid better than formerly. Then the investment of college funds must be ab solutely safe, and the income so secured ia derived from a low rate of interest. In fact, higher education has become almost universally eleemosynary. Wo question, however, whether it has any Btronger claims upon people of wealth than the primary education of tho young. So long as there is a child in the land that cannot attend school owing to pov erty, the rich can be excused from en dowing universities. By all means let errand boys and dis trict messenger boys have bicycles. The time they consume running errands and delivering messages increases according to the length of their service. Anew and inexperienced lad is usually a treas ure; the celerity with which h runs er rands ia surprising. But when the new is worn off, his feot seem to be made of lead. If the bicycle will prevent expe rience from becoming a positive detri ment, by all means let him have it. Those who really need vacations will not get them, and those who do not will soon sojourn by the sea or mountain. Tho Bible idea still exists: "To him that hath shall be given, and to him that hath not shall be take cf away even that which he hath." " When New York hears that Chicago is the greatest diamond market in tho world, it will feel worse than ever. If you don't see what you are looking for at the World's fair, ask for it. It is probably there somewhere. WHY FARM VALUES HAVE DECLINED. Oar Bad Boada Prohibit Competition , With Foreign Prodneers. People must fully understand tho ne cessity for good roads before they will become interested in engineering prob lems. The question of the commercial advantage of good roads, the relation of good roads to the price of wheat, must be fully understood before pooplo can be Interested in macadam. Railways have jwithintho last seven years reduced all transportation charges by more than itme-half. Country roads have done nothing along this line. Railroads have been in the march of civilization, coun try roads in the decline. The price of Wheat in tho west has been relatively in creased by the improvements in trans portation facilities by rail and water. Transportation facilities over country roads have not been improved. The farmer has been the sufferer. . - The price of farming property in many Bections has declined. Certainly farming property has not kept apace in its earn ing capacity with other productive prop erties. This is because transportation facilities from the farms to the markets, together with other marketing facilities and farm methods generally, have not progressed along with the rest of "the world. Farthermore, many sections of the wheat producing regions of the world are surrounded with and helped by good roada In England we hear it said "that through improvements of our roada every branch of agricultural, commer cial and manufacturing industries has been materially benefited. Every article brought to market has diminished in price, and the number of horses has been so reduced that by these and other re trenchments 5,000,000 or about $25,000, 000 ia saved annually to the public. .The expense ef repairing roads and the wear and tear of carriages and horses are mate rially diminished. Thousands of acres the produce of which was formerly wasted in feeding unnecessary horses are devoted to producing food for man. . In short, the publio and private advantages which result from effecting this great object of the improvement of our high ways and turnpike roads are incalcula ble." England and Wale3 are spending up ward of 120,000,000 annually in the maintenance of roads. France proba bly has the best system of roads in Eu rope todaj'. . There are more than 130, 000 miles of smooth, dustless, hard, clean roads, kept up by a system which never allows the slightest defect to re main without attention. The sum of 19,O00,0OO i3 thus annually spent by the French republic. The result is increased productiveness of all farm lands a wealthy land owning peasantry through- OUB WAGON TRANSPORTATION. out the French republic. The farmland of this section has been on tho increase along with the development of good roads. These illustrations could be par alleled wherever road improvement has been practically considered, With us the greatest attention and skill havo been addressed to railroads un til it is found that a barrel of apples or a sack of wheat can be carried from the far west to the -market in the east at a cost not exceeding the delivery of the same articles from many of our farms to the nearest market. . The result of this has been that those who have depended largely on the railroads have been bene fited and have become wealthy, and that the farmers, so much of whose energy has been wasted through the struggle over bad roads, certainly have not gained in wealth in proportion to other branches of industry. The price of wheat is not made by the cost of marketing it in America. It is safe to say that the price of wheat is made in Liverpool. The price of our surplus is fixed in that market. The fanners have to compete with the world in wheat raising. The price of tho sur plus which wo send to Liverpool and other foreign markets fixes the price with us, so that in the end we of Amer ica have to compete with all the condi tions and elements of the cost of produc tion which exist in other sections. If the countries which are furnishing tho English markets with wheat have better roads than we, they can underbid us in selling wheat. We of, America, who spend so much time and energy, so much ability, in getting our grains and other foreign products, are suffering in com parison with others who operate under more advantageous circumstances. ; If the press of the country impress the farmers as a class that they are to be individually benefited by good roads, there will in time oome about an im pression, if expenditures be properly and honestly made, that the payment of a road tax is in the nature oil an invest ment which advances the value of all property along the line of improved roads. So much money has boon ex pended in roads improperly cared for that many of us look upon such expendi tures as a waste. Our publio officers have not yet learned that the way to have good roads is to take care of bad roads. We must know that all good roads become bad roads if neglected and that all bad roads become good roads if well cared for. : Loins II. Gibson. 1 Claims Damages For Bad Roads. ' Harvey M. Sigafoos, a milkman resid ing near . Carpenterville, N. Y., while driving on the public highways leading to Phillipsburg recently had his arm broken by the upsetting of his wagon, Which he alleges was caused by the bad condition of the public road. Mr. Siga foos has employed ex-Judge Silas M. DeWitt of Phillipsburg to bring suit against the Greenwich township authori ties for $1,500 damages. The suit will be a test case. , i A Cry Vor Freedom. In her sermcn at tha meeting of tha world's congress of representative wom en at Chicago Rev. Annie Shaw said: "All the women who have spoken at these meetings have voiced the. one cry to be free." Very good- Bt it must be admitted that they are getting their freedom about as fast as reasonable beings could expect. Surely the pre cept that St. Paul laid upon them is not now regarded as an immutable principle. At tho meeting referred to 18 pulpit women sat on one platform. Among them were Revs. Mrs. Tuppor Wilkes and Mrs. Mary Safford, Unitarians; Mrs. Floronoe Kollock, Universallst; Miss Annie H. Shaw of the Methodist church at large; Miss Caroline J. Bartlett, pre siding minister of the meeting, also a Unitarian minister; Mrs. MaryMoreland and Miss Jeannette Olmstead, Congre- gationalists; the colored evangelist, Mrs. Amanda Smith, who a short time ago re turned from missionary work in Africa; the Rev. N. Armine Brighman of tho Seventh Day Baptists; Mrs. Jane S. Richards, Sarah N. Kimball, Isabella Horn andElmira S. Taylor of the Latter Day Saints. . No better evidenoe than this is needed to show that the sex baa got a pretty good range of the religious world. That they have an equally clear range of the moral and social world goes without say ing. As for the civil and political realm, the reason why they have not occupied it with tho mon is chiefly because a ma jority of them does not wish to do so. Concerning the business world, there is nothing to restrain the free exercise of their powers in it. They already do any thing in the industries which their health and strength will permit. True, they have never cut muoh of a figure in the fine arts and sciences, bat this can be due to no restraming influences at present, even were it so in days gone by. The women? God blosa'oml They may have the earth if thoy want it. But looking at the question squarely, Rev. Annie Shaw's cry for freedom is just a bit like taking coals to Newcastle. Easy Writing. Another so called "true story" of the conception of Buchanan Read's famous poem, "Sheridan's Rida,". is told since the death of James E. Murdoch. It is evidently founded upon more or less of fact. Murdoch had engaged to recite something at the great sanitary fair in Cincinnati, and the day before he met Ms friend Road at the Burnett House. Standing at tho newsstand, they saw a picture of Sheridan's dashing ride to Winchester in one of the illustrated pa pers. Presently Read said, "Jim, do you think you will have time to loam some thing new to recite at the fair?" Murdoch promised to try, and Read ordered a pot of tea sent to his room, and over it he wrote the stirring poem now so familiar to millions and found in so many school readers, beginning: "Up at the south at break of day, Cringing to Winchester fresh dismay." ' He submitted it to Murdoch in a few hours, and the latter read it the next night as he only could read it. When he had recited tho ikst stanza, the vast au dience remained silent, but at the next there was a whirlwind of applause that settled the question of its popularity in a popular assemblage. ; Read might have written the poem in a few hours, as stated, but it was doubt less dona with tha same limitations that nearly always accompany similarly re ported feats of rapid comjxisitiou. That is to say, it was well outlined in his mind before he saw Mr. Murdoch. Some one called upon Eugene Field one day and said he heard that he was a poet.. "Yes," said Mr. Field, "I some times write verses. And, by tho way, I am just about to write one now. Would you like to see me?" The man thought he would, so Mr. Field immediately dashed off a poem that he had been months preparing and knew by heart. He then sent it to tho composing room as If it were a common occurrence, and his visitor left profoundly improssod with tho ease of writing poetry. . Clean Up. Summer is hero. Now cloan up. Do not delay another day. Begin with tho cellar, See that there is no decaying vegetation in it and that it Is well ven tilated; Coat the walla with whitewash and cost out the cobwebs from the cor ners. "v- Rugs aro cheaper, cleaner, healthier and more easily aired than carpets. Air tho closets and pack away the winter clothes; you will not need thorn again this season. Keep the garret windows open the season through. Burn up tho kitchen scrais if they aro not fed to animals. Beware of those in struments of death, foul sewers. The hot season is one of rapid growth, ma turity and decay in tho vegetable king dom. Attention to these facts may save you ill health or premature death. Verbum sap. - . ' " Marion Crawford, Henry James, Bret Harte, Mrs. Burnett, Mark Twain, Blanche Willis Howard, Constanoe Fen imore Woolson, Moncure D. Conway and Poultney Bigolow are among the Ameri can authors who aro moro or less perma nently establiimod abroad. There is no accounting for taste. Tha people are always anxious to en joy good government, but thoy are often unwilling to try to earn it Yon may pronounce the infanta's name A-yn-lah-le-vaU for short i A New York Herald Editorial. The 6tory that the New York Herald property is to bo turned into a stock company and capitalized at $2,000,000 was a ridiculous one. The Herald is worth five times $3,000,000. It seems that the absurd report was started by Renter's news agency, and an editorial in Tha Herald the other day, evidently inspired by Mr. Bennett himself , states thafnnless a categorial donial of the re port be made legal proceedings for libel will bo instituted. The editorial referred to is a breezy one that is to say, for The Herald, which turns out a rather dull editorial page as a rule. Mr. Bennett says: The Herald today Is at the height of its pros perity, and any syndicate having for Its sole object making money could easily earn 8 per cent on taO.OM.OX) by taking oft extra expenses for speoial cabling, reducing the extraordinary salaries of $30,000, whioh some members of The Herald staff receive, cutting down also some of the 111,000 and J 10,000 salaries and curtail ing many of the $8,000 salaries, besides numer ous other eeonomles that would at ones be ef fected, supposing The Herald to be simply a corporation llk an ordinary railroad or fao- t0I? The present proprietor, it is true, has in view the formation of a eo-operativ society, but one for the sole benefit of the members of The Herald staff, inoludmg the general manager, city editor, news editor, night editor, all edi tors, correspondents, reporters, artists, cashier, clerks, foremen press and composing rooms, proofreaders, oompositors, printers, exeban?e readers, shipping clerks, telegraph clerks, ad vertising clerks, messengers, porters, firemen, machinists for they are all members of The Herald staff, are they notr and not for any stock Jobbing or speculative purposes, as has been done so often in England and America. This co-operative society may be formed at any moment by the proprietor whenover bo thinks proper. As to the withdrawal of Mr, Bennett's name from the title page, it is intimated that tha name of the paper and its own er are synonymous. As to the names of Messrs. Howland, Reick and Hondorr.r , the general manager, city editor t. I night editor respectively, Mr. Bennett says they were "placed there by the pro prietor because he reserves the privilege of selecting his own executives and de sires credit to be given whore credit is due." - ,' .. ' . -; All of which does crodit to Mr, Ben iieiti. Time waswhon ha uid not feel that way when he would allow no one's name but that of bis own on tha title page. The man who does not change his mind never corrects his mistakes. Ex-Cathedra Opinion. If corporal punishment should be abol ished in schools, why do experienced teachers unite in saying that this form of discipline is a necessity? If we want information or opinion of value on things eternal, wa naturally go to a clergyman. If we want to learn something about a machine, we go to a mechanio, and if we want to know some thing about printing we goto a printer. Wo don't take much Btock in what ia said by those who know , little about these, matters. But when it comes to the subject of corporal punishment ia schools we listen to almost anybody who can got the publio prints as a vehicle for their theories. , While the old system of flogging for every trivial offense was wrong, the prac tical abolition of corporal punishment in' schools is just as great amistake. There are certain bad boys who fear nothing but physical pain. Pleadings or sarcasm are wasted upon them, : They laugh at any attempt to enforce moral lessons. Then they demoralixe other boys and make discipline an impossibility. Again, tho only way possible to reform the vi cious criminal is a sound thrashing. On tha question of corporal punish ment publio opinion should back . up those best fitted tobesjudgee the publio school teachers. And tho Winds Blew. Though winds blew great guns, still he'd whis tle and ting. Says the poet But it is of ten difficult to keep up the courago and good spirits that way when signboards are flying, roofs are becoming animated, trees are giving up their precious branches and electrio wires become a delusion and a -snare to pedestrians. " The violent and destructive wind storms of recent date in various sections of tho country are unwelcome disturb ances. The ultimata cause of the wind is to be found in differences of atmos pheric diversity produoed by the sun in its unequal heating of different localities. But atmospherio circulation is as neces sary to health as sunshine or rain. As we cannot prsvisat it if we would, and we would net if we could, let us be as phil osophical as may be while keeping build ings and signboards as secure as possi ble. Probably the worst of the wind season is past unless abnormal weather should continue, which is unlikely. "Love rules the camp, tho court, the grove" and tha Salvation Army. That Spokane warrior who killed a lassie bo cause she rejeoted his suit, and then com mitted suicide, could not have chosen a mora rugged road to death, albeit it was a shortcut . ' Mrs. James G. Blaine, Jr., is reported to bo engaged to her physician, but a brother of the prospective groom denies the allegation. Perhaps the young wom an ia merely getting ready to tako the stage again. ' Stop the presst An individual has been found who says Us wife can cook better than his mother ever could. i Pride makes a fool ridiculous, but it sometimes prevents others from becom- - illgKO. . . - - - ; ' . ,.: J. If you favor Chinosa exclusion,' yoC -'- . are a Slnophobist ' ... t-'t.lf'.' - ; ..'.--.,' j.JT Where are the hoopukiri fhut vy-i to ' ' yt..i- -.la - ".' J V i II an .4 1 . .