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;-. - -fc. . , There Is but c w iyorobta'i h.-bu !i i-. publk-lty; but eve way of ol,ni' ):,? pui.l!,-. lty advertls i.g- , t . kv .. n. Advertising Is to business what steam pow er ! !i m.o,ulnery-,tlicgrasd motive power. . Macaciat. HENA A'OLUME 6. ATHENA, UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON, OCTOBER 6 1893. NUMBEk 47 f ITT TT TT 1 ifil IlL The Hall. fall eloMs for Pendleton, Portland, and all hta east, except the Dakota, Minnesota I Wiwonsin. at 5:80 PUi. r'or Walla Walla, Sjjokftneand Sortb Pact- flc points i 7:5 Mil arrive f; ro v reufton. Portland and t (' fMt Ht tt Vt. , Krom Wat! W alia, Bpo Sane and North Pa CMo Minl at ii -'5 p. m. Office li(U!t-j2jen(;riil delivery open from 8 a. m. to 8 r- suniliivs, S to 11 a. m. Honey order wiitw open fnm 9 a ra. to p. m. Uso. Hanskuu Postmaster. A F. & A. M. NO. 80 MEETS THE VC3L. 1'irat and Third Saturday Evenings oft each month. Visiting bretberen -cor di-, 'y invited to visit the lodge. - 0.F,,N0. 73, MEETS EVERY -Jitw VWting Odd Fellows in gJl yy9 welcome. a ' 0. TJ. W. NO. 104, MEETS THE ach month. L. A. Githens. Reoorder. PYTHIAN, NO. 29, MEETS EVERY Thursday Night. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. p a SHARP." ) l . v- i Physician and Surgeon. f Calls promptly answered. Office on Third ; Btreei, AWfiiiap.uregon, Jjtt; CARLISLE, ' PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. Calls promptly attended to day or night. Offloe: Main Street, Athena, Or. ' 1? R. I. N. RICHARDSON, V.KKATIVE PROSTHETIC DENTIST. VTHENA, OREGON. W. & C. R. Ry. Co. in connection with NORTHERN. PACIFIC R. R. Forms the - -: ' QUICKEST AND;; BEST ROUTE f Between Eastern Oregon and ashington and Pnget sound Points, as well as the Popular and direct Line to all ' 1 Points East & Southeast I ' PuDman Sleeping Cars. j Superb Dinning Cars. , Free 2d-Qass Sleepers. fX1? LOUGH TO CHICAGO VIA THIS LINE S mwi F r trains of this Company are run j h nine regularly between . Dayton, Waitsburg, Walla Walla, Wash; and Pendleton, Oregon. rM I Making close connections at Hunt's Junction I with Northern Pacific trains for Tacoma, I Heat tie, Victoria, B. C Ellensburgh, North 1 Yakima, Pasco,. Hprague. Cheney, Daven- I port, Hpoksne, Butte, Helena, St. Paul and I Minneapolis.. fc i - , J AND ALL POINTS EAST. TOURISTS-SLEEPING CARS. , For Accomodation of Second-Class Passenger Attached to Ex press Trains. , . V: - I w.F. WAMSLEY, G en'l Fr't and Pass. A gt Walla Waila Wash W.D. TYLFR, ... : C. ; i . Pres. and Gen'l Manager. . , r J. A MUIRHEA D. , ' i Agent Athena, Oregon. SOMETHING NEW! Prof. Lane, the artist, has leased rooms over the First National Bank which he has converted into a . STUDIO v and is now prepared to instruct a large number of students in oil painting and free hand pencil draw ing. Nice quite rooms. Prices reasonable. PROF, h & HENRY, PIANO cANDORGAK. Will be In Athena on Thursday's land Wed pen days of eacn week hereafter. Leave ojder witb F. Bozenswelg, atC. Hollif Athena. , B ' ' " ji-F. FORi; Evangelist. 3f Dea Moines, Iowa, writes under date of -- . March 23. am-. , S. B. Med. ;Mfg. Co., Dufur, Oregon. ' Gentlemen: . v O'J arriag home k?t week, I found all well, and anxiously awaiting. Our little girl, eight and one-half years old, who had wasted away to 3D pounds, is now well, strong and vigorous, and well -fleshed up. S. B. Cough Cure has done its;work well. Both of tba-children. Uks it. Your S. B.-Cough. Cure has sured and kept away all hoarsness from me, So give it to every one. with greetings for all all. Wish ing you prosperity, we are Yours, Ma.& Mrs. J.F. Ford. If yon wish to feel freh and cheerful, and nty or tbe sprtnsr's work, cleane yoar ynwm wlrh the Headafhe and Liver Cure, by taking two or three oscs each wecku - 50 eenteser bottle by all druggists. Bold under a potitiTe guarantee by tie rioueer irg store. THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE. - .., . It Is Going to Hav a CreditH Ballding In New York at Lat. In the years that have intervened since its organization in 1833 the American in stitute has certainly done much to "pro mote and encourage the industrial arts in America," aa it declared it would in its articles of incorporation, bnt it is doubtful if it ever did a better thing for itself, or anything more to the satisfaction of the people who attend its exhibitions than when it decided to supplant the ramshackle old structures in which its fairs have been held since 1869 with a new building or series of building wor thy of its dignity and usefulness and in keeping with the progressive spirit of modern architecture. 4 1 ii NBW AMERICAN INSTITUTE BUILDING.; ' The new building will be erected on the site of the present structures, which cover 40 city lots, and will be in three sections. One of these sections will have a frontage of 50 feet on Third avenue and wings extending to Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth streets. . This will be called Administration building and will con tain the library and offices of the in stitute, besides three large assembly halls and a large number of lodgerooms for renting. The first floor will give entrance from Third avenue to the ex hibition hall, and in the basement will be a model kitchen. The front will be of mottled Flemish brick, with antique iron and terra cotta ornaments. ; The Administration building is to be 100 feet deep, and to the rear of it will be the great exhibition hall, 804 by 200 feet in size, and back of that will be Ma chinery hall, 157 by 200 feet, making the mean depth of the structure 610 feet. There will be an extensive gallery at each end of the exhibition hall, and the roof, mainly of glass, will be supported by steel trusses. - ' The main entrance on Third avenue will have five Roman arches, supported on Dorio columns, and there will be an other grand entrance at the Second ave nue end of the building, besides six fire exits at the sides. The fair next fall will have to be carried on elsewhere, as the old sturctures will then be demolished and the new one under way. ' ' THE NEW MODERATOR. Dr. Craig, I41ce His Predecessor' Dr. Young, It a Kentucklan. The new moderator of the Presbyte rian general assembly, the Eev. Willis Green Craig, D. D., was elected as the representative of the conservative ele ment of the assembly, but has been free ly commended for bis eminent fairness by members who did not vote for him. Like his predecessor in the moderator ship, Dr. W. O. Young, he is a native of Danville, Ey., and was educated at Cen ter college in that town and at Danville Theological seminary. V . Dr. Craig graduated from Center col lege in the class of 1851, when he was not yet 17 years of age, and spent seven years afterward managing a large planta tion in association with his brother. He entered the seminary in 1858 and in the spring of 1861 was licensed to preach. His first ministerial connection was with the Westminster Presbyterian church of Keokuk, la., where be remained 20 years. In 1881 he was elected to the chair of Biblical and ecclesiastical history in the Theological Seminary of the Northwest, but his congregation so vigorously op posed his removal that his presbytery refused to release him. The following year, however, his church and presby tery were both prevailed upon to con sent, and he entered upon the duties of bis professorship in September, 1883. EEV. WILLIS GKEEN CRAIG, D. D. ! He occupied the chair of church his-; tory for nine years and in ISO! was trans-' ferred totho chair of didactic and po lemic theology made vacant tj to resig nation of the late Dr. Thomas H. fikmnerJ He still retains bis membership in thd Iowa presbytery, however, and was sent to the general assembly as s commis eioper from that body. . ' Dr. Craig is In bis sixtieth year, but he looks fully 10 years younger. He is a Suent talker, but has a marked accent which betrays his Scotch lineage. He is a cousin of Vice President Stevenson, but has never taken any active Interest la political matters. J Ths Slant Troabl. Of the precise merits of the question between France and Siam at its present stage it is not easy to speak until the na ture of the French ultimatum is made known. But the Siamese appear to have shown a conciliatory spirit in the bound ary dispute. The area in controversy is the broad belt of land lying east of the Me-Kong and between that river and the main mountain chain of Anam. The Frenoh accuse Siam of putting garrisons into this area, but it is quite certain that the Siamese have withdrawn from point after point without a struggle, while such conflicts as have occurred seem to have been of local origin rather than un der the orders of the king. This mon arch, a man of about 40 years, who has been on the throne since the age of IS, is admitted to be a ruler of high character, humane, anxious for reforms and eager to place Siam in the advanced line of modern Asiastio progress. He has made many Internal Improvements in his king dom, has fostered commerce, has wel comed foreigners, and if he now hesi tates to give up a large part of what he has always considered his domain at the menace of a French fleet and an Anam ite army it is what might be expected. . One question now for Siam is, What is England going to do? Without her aid Siam may fall into the hands of France, as Burmah fell into those of Eng land herself. Yet that aid might itself reduce her to the condition of a British protectorate. The disputed boundary is a fair subject for arbitration, but there is no indication yet that France will agree to settle it in that way. New York Sun. " Fortification For an English Port. . The British war department has mode arrangements for having the works in connection with the fortifications at Chatham" considerably advanced during the current year- The chain of forts which for some years past have been under construction in the vicinity of Med way are intended for the defense of the dockyard and naval arsenal and the military depots at Chatham and also of the approaches to London. The expend iture has already reached a- total of many thousands of pounds, and. it is es timated that a further outlay of between $100,000 and $150,000 will be necessary before the works are complete. Of this sum it is expected that $70,000 will be expended during the coming year $45, 000 on the eastern defenses and $35,000 on Darland fort. In both of these cases there has been a large increase in the amount of the original estimates. . It was anticipated that the works in connection with the eastern defenses Would cost $480,000, but owing to the substitution of civil for convict labor that sum has been raised to $580,000. The original estimate for the construc tion of Darland fort $80,000 was also found insufficient, but up to the present time the actual expenditure on this par ticular fort has been only about $10,000. When the Bystem of fortification is com plete, Chatham will be well nigh invul nerable both by land and water. Ex change. - ' . ' . Working a Keat Trick. ' "I saw a funny thing out in Chicago while on a recent trip to the World's fair," said a gentleman from West Vir ginia. ,"I was in the lobby of the Palm er House one evening talking with Colo nel Jim Butt, our state commissioner, and several other gentlemen. Against one of the gilded pillars near us leaned a forlorn looking wretch in seedy garb, who every now and then gave vent to a consumptive cough that seemed to cause him intense pain. Suddenly he fell in a heap to the floor, apparently with great force, and in a minute a crowd was around him a sympathizing crowd too. One fellow, who was the most officious in rubbing the unfortunate's head with some kind of liquid to restore him to consciousness, said: " 'Gentlemen, I tell you what ails this man. It's nothing more or less than starvation. He hasn't had a mouthful to eat in 48 hours. All he wants to bring him around all right is a good beefsteak and some hot rolls.' " 'If that's what ails him,' said Colonel Butt, he needn't suffer any longer.' And he pulled out a $5 note and handed it to the Samaritan, who had gradually rubbed his pal back to life. Then the pair am bled off arm in arm to play the trick in some other hotel, but they must have gone at least a block before it dawned on Butt that he had been victimized." Washington Post , Old People Show. A somewhat novel competition, which is described in our Paris letter published today as constituting the antithesis of the baby show held in the French capital a year or two ago, is about to take place next month in the Pavilion de la Ville de Paris in the Champs Ely sees. It is an international show of old people. No one under the age of 00 will be permitted to compete for the prizes offered, but as there are at least 60 duly authenticated centenarians in France alone this restric tion will hardly interfere with the suc cess of a show from which the medical authorities expect to derive as much sci entifio and useful information as they were able to obtain from the baby show two years ago. New York Tribune. . A California Fair. The project of holding a winter fair in San Francisco is gaining strength, and if the financial troubles do not check it the scheme will be carried out. Much de pends upon the personal influence of Herr Comely, the German manager, who is on the coast to push the matter. The Southern Pacific company and many Large corporations are earnestly in favor of the project The trustees of a military academy in Macon, Mo., have brought an action for heavy damages against five ministers for issuing a boycott on the academy be cause dancing was taught the cadets. The German and Swiss governments have entered into an agreement for the improvement of the navigation of the epper Rhine, commencing from Lake FIRST WOMAN CORRESPONDENT. Graca Greenwood 6tiU Lives and Works la - - Washington. In the Washington home of Grace Greenwood on Capitol hill the artistio taste of the authoress who has delighted the readers of two generations has been mani fested in a way that is quite aa characteristic of her genius as anything she ever wrote. The furnishings area happy mingling of the old fash ions and the new, and the east and Grace greenwood, west have both made contributions to its etogancei and comfort. A marble bust of the authoress sculptured years ago is one of the not able adornments. It might be taken for an ideal head, it is so refined and beautiful. - , Grace Greenwood was the first woman newspaper correspondent in Washington, She began her journalistic labors there as long ago as 1850, and although she has published many ... volumes of poems, travels and stories her literary reputa tion rests chiefly on her journalistic work. Her descriptions of Pacifio coast scenery when it was comparatively un known were so vivid as to attract notice everywhere, and her correspondence from Europe during her nine years' resi dence abroad added greatly to her fame. ' In children's literature she is ac knowledged to be without a rival, and her poetical work is of a superior order Sh achieved fame as a lecturer at a time when no other woman could secure the respectful attention of an audience, and she did it without the least effort to imitate the masculine oratory of the day, trusting wholly to her feminine eloquence and wit. Of course it is well understood that "Grace Greenwood" is a pen name, and the real name of the authoress, Sara J. Lippincott, is almost as well known aa that which has been signed to her lit erary productions for so many years, but there is a story about her pseudonym that is not generally known. Mrs. Lip pincott's family name was Clarke, and at her birth her mother named her Grace Ingersoll, after a very dear friend, and she was called Grace until she was S years of age. The name did not please her father, however, and he one day took the child to church and had her baptized Sara Jane Stewart, in honor of two maid en ladies of prosaic names and lovable characteristics.' ' When she wished to adopt a pen name, her mother suggested "Grace Ingersoll" as appropriate, but her mother's friend Was still alive and prominent in French social circles, and the young writer did not think it wise to adopt her name. The mother still clung to the name Grace, however, and finally made the sugges tion that "Greenwood" be added to it, as the daughter was fond of riding about the forests. Thus originated the happy alliteration that has since become so fa mous. Although now in her seventieth year,", Mrs. Lippiucott.still does excellent literary work. ; ' ' A NOBLE MONOLITH. The Severely Clasalo Memorial of Mary, the I Mother of Washington. i The ladies of the National Mary Wash ington Memorial association have award ed the contract for the beautiful monu ment which they intend erecting over the grave of the toother of George Washing ton at Fredericks burg, Va, A mod el of the monu ment is now on exhibition in the Woman's build ing at the World's fair, where it was s the first exhibit i5Cf UttJtALLBU. X HO sign is severely the mart Washington classic, simple monument. , and dignified, and will most appropriate ly commemorate the character of the woman in whose honor it is to be erect ed, the woman of whom Lafayette said, "In her only of all women lives the Ro man matron of modern days." The monument is to be a granite mon olith 40 feet in height upon a base 10 feet high, making an extreme elevation of 60 feet. Upon the rising ground where the grave is situated this will be a very con spicuous object, and it cannot any too soon take the place of the mass of broken stone which is all that remains of the marble monument begun half a century ago, which is today rather a monument of blasted hope and fruitless endeavor than the memorial it was intended to be. ' The ladies of the association have en tire faith in the women of the country and believe that they will contribute what remains to be raised of the funds necessary to carry out the designs of the organization. These objects include, be sides the erection of the monolith, the beautifying of the grounds about it and the provision of a fund for its perma nent maintenance. Renewed interest has been shown in tho project since the model has been placed on exhibition, and the sale of photographs and souvenirs at the fair has augmented the funds. It is upon the life membership, how ever, that the association principally re lies not only for the collection of money, but for the strengthening and perpetua tion of its organization. Life member ship can be secured by the payment of $35 or $35, as the donor chooses, the smaller sum entitling the member to a silver medal and the larger amount to one of gold. Thexe medals, it is provid ed, are to descend cs an inheritance in the direct female line, from mother to daughter or grand daughter . and soon, if possible, or failing there may be devised by wilL A medal entitles the jifmsessor to vote at all meetings of tho association and to the privilege of siding in the care, protection and maintenance for all time ot the grave and mennment of Mary, the mother of Washington. Bed Apples Won the Race, Two large apple trees stand side by side in an orchard not far from Sydney. On one hung fruit which looked like balls of gold in the sunlight. The ap ples on the neighboring tree were a bright red. One day the owner of the orchard sent his men to pick the fruit It was to be sent to the World's fair, and he followed them out among the trees to see that the work was properly done. When at last the apples were packed in the barrels, the fruitgrower necided that those two barrels should peparate in the orchard and not meet gain until on the exhibition table in the Horticultural building at the fair. The red apples were to go east, and the yel low apples were to go west. The golden fruit was loaded into a steamer and started toward the Suez canal, while the red fruit was started the same day in a vessel across the Pa cifio ocean. The fruit grower marked "No delay. Perishable goods," con spicuously on each barrel. He wanted to ascertain which was the quickest route to the World's fair. The barrel of yellow apples passed through the canal, through the Mediterranean sea, up the English channel, and finally reached London.. Here it was taken from the boat and sent by railroad to Liverpool. Then the barrel of New South Wales fruit was loaded into an ocean racer and started on its way across the Atlantio to New York, whence it came to Chicago by railroad. It was just 66 days to an hour when Thomas Pugh, the assistant general superin tendent of the New South Wales ex hibit, received it. In the meantime the red apples had crossed the Pacifio ocean to San Fran cisco in 20 days. Then they, were sent by freight to Chicago. After numerous delays along the way tho apples arrived. They had been 52 days on the way and had been admired by World's fair visit ors for almost two weeks before the golden apples which grew on the tree beside them in Australia were placed on china plates and set on the table beside them in the New South Wales fruit dis play. Chicago Record. Sew Use For Spring; Chlokens. Should the little daughter of Mr. Ca lissi ever recover she owes her life to an Italian violinist in the city. Suffering as she is with brain fever and the doc tors giving up all hope of her recovery, this morning she spoke the first word and ate the first morsel she has for sev eral days. A friend of Mr. Calissi, an Italian, visited the sick child and re marked had he known her condition a day or two ago he could certainly have saved her. However, he was willing to try it, and going out he brought in a number of spring chickens. Taking a live chicken he split open its back with a knife, oponed it wide and placed the in side of the chicken, entrails, blood and all, over th child's head. ' As soon as the chicken began to get cold he would open another and place it on in the same manner. ' About the time the second chicken be gan to cool the child spoke, and after ward asked for something to eat. So far 22 chickens have been used, and the child is doing splendidly. What effect the warmth of the chicken and vitals had upon the child's head the writer can not tell, but should the child fully re- over the Italian professor wants the credit He says he saved his son's life in the same manner when it was necessary to use 48 spring chickens. He pref ers rabbits when he can get them in his treatment. Paducah News, r Mrs. Stanford's Duty. The end has come, and to Mrs. Stan ford falls the melancholy duty of carry ing out a great" educational scheme such as the world aa never seen. That this scheme should originate in California seems in keeping with a state which is itself an empire, self feeding in almost every particular, as great in beauty and wonders as in size and natural products. " Fortunately for the university, Mrs. Stanford was essentially her husband's helpmeet. She shared his sorrows no less than his joys. She was a coun selor and friend to whom he confided all his enterprises. Rising above per sonal loss therefore, Mrs. Stanford can take her place at the helm and steer a magnificent idea into the safe harbor of accomplished fact. Hers is a glorious task, in the doing of which there will be infinite comfort. Husband and son have only gone before, and spiritual help will come to her who humbly bears her cross and dedicates her life to the advance ment of humanity. Kate Field's Wash ington. . - Color Photography. Our Paris correspondent reports that much interest was shown at the Photo graphic club there in some plates ob tained by Professor Lippmann's process. The pictures on glass were cast by an electric projector onto a white screen be fore an admiring and enthusiastic audi ence. The firsjt picture to appear on the screen was a bunch of roses, violets and jessamine. They came out with all thoir natural colors and tints and velvety ef fects. As a person remarked, the only thing these flowers lacked was scent. A corner of landscape in a Paris park was the next picture. The sky was of true blue. The sanded alleys and the green lawn were as like to nature as natnro it self. Next came a cottage in sunlight overgrown with creepers, flags, match boxes and photographs of illustrated pla cards. London News. In the House of Lords. When Lord Roberts takes his seat in the house of lords, he will find himself in the uncommon position of being one of two peers with the same name. Tho other one, it is true, spells his name Robartes; but that Is neither here nor there. The house of . lords has also an Earl of Mar and an Earl of Mar and Kollie, an Earl of Lindsay and an Earl of Lindoey, an Earl of Longford and a Baron Lamjford, a Viscount Midleton and a Baron MIddleton, a Baron 8udloy and a Baron Sudoley, two Lords How ard and two Lords Napior, London Tit-Bits. . ANOTHER MILITARY IDOL, The Mantle ot Bonlanger Offered to tbe Hero of Dahomey. Itreally looks us if "fair, fickle France" had selected a successor to Boulangcr as a popular idol. It is another soldier, too, General Al- irea Amedee f Dodds, "the con- i f. . W auerer of Daho mey," as bis ad mirers proudly call him, having , in mind his vic ; torious campaign there last year, t- When the eov- Sm' erninent recently fgg; ' recalled him front LrJiv given out tnattne ministers desired GENERAL DODDS. to consult him concerning the military organization of that country, but fciere were not wanting those who construed the order as practi cally a measure of censure. It may have been the spreading of this sentiment among the people that caused tho ovations which the general received on his arrival at Marseilles and Paris re cently, or it may have been that the "party of revenge" was simply seeking a new center around which to rally. Cer tain it is that the League of Patriots, who are the organized representatives of that party, had a prominent part in tho management of the ovations, going so far aa to placard the walls of Marseilles with a circular offering General Dodds the succession to Boulanger, which con cluded wilt these words, "General, do your duty, and if parliamentarians re sist thrust them out at the door." General Dodds Js a tall, handsome vaUn and looks like the soldier he has proved himself to be. He is a mulatto, English, French and African blood mingling in his makeup. "His grandfa ther married the daughter of a French man and an African woman, and his fa ther married a native of Senegal, who came of a Norman family. The general was born in St. Louis, Senegambia, in 1842 and was educated at the French military school of St. Cyr, where he graduated in 1804 with the rank of sec ond lieutenant of naval infantry. He was promoted to a first lieutenancy in 1867 and to a captaincy in 1809. At Se dan in 1870 he was taken prisoner, but escaped and rejoined the army. He fought through the Franco-Gwrnan war, the conflict with the commune and the campaign in Toriquin, coming out of all of them unscathed. m ' ' ; He has been in the "service in Africa since 1871, except during tho Tonquin campaign, and was made a major there in 1879, a lieutenant colonel in 1883 and a colonel in 1887. He was commandant at St. Louis in 1890 when Colonel Terrl lon conducted : his campaign against King Behanzin and was made com mander in chief of the expedition in 1893, on the successful conclusion of which he was promoted to be a general and made an officer in the Legion of Honor. ( VILLARD'S UPS AND DOWNS. ! t The Phenomenal Snoeess of a Penniless German Immigrant. Not many of the moneyed magnates of the world have had such a romantio career as Henry Villard, tho story of which reads like a chapter of imagina- ., f eimr 1 HENRY VILLABD. tive fiction. In the first place his name is an alias. When he came to this coun try in 1854, a penniless emigrant from Germany, he was called Heinrich Heil gard. , He was born in Speyer, Bavaria, and graduated from the gymnasium of his native town the year before he emi grated. i Having some literary ability, he com menced writing for German publica tions, and after he bad mastered Eng lish continued his connection with journalism for some years, up to 1874, in fact, when he branched out as a finan cier. In that year he was sent out from Germany, where he had boeu reporting the Franco-German war, by a committee of German bondholders of the Kansas Pacifio railroad, which had defaulted on its interest. He was finally appointed re ceiver of the road, and this appointment may be said to have given him his start as a financial skyrocket As early as 1809 he had conceived a scheme for the consolidation of various steamship and railroad interests on the Pacific coast, but it was not till 1879 ; that he found himself strong enough to I carry it out. Then he gained control of the Oregon Steam Navigation company and the Oregon Steamship company and combined their interests under one man agement. Then he got control of the Northern Pacific, and the story of his quick achievement of a colossal fortune was liko one of tho stories of tho "Ara bian N:ghtc." But it did not last, as all . the world knows, for his downfall was a rep-'Hon of the talo of tho rocket and M sicute discernment and indom . :-sy were not to be thus dis , forever, and after a brief period .-. i:svre blazed across the financial il:y iu fall ascendancy a Bucecaful fin ancier, a railroad king, a millionaire, a j ihining mark for the financial para ' rrfiphers, a man on whose word "tho itrett" waited, and whom the street, with more or less unanimity, tries to "down." . I A r .V' A Girl's Physical Training;. It is a trying period to. a girl's health when she steps from tho kindergarten Into school. The out of door Jife thafc ihe has enjoyed with her , brothers ia then frowned upon as "coarse and un ladylike for such a girL" It is at this age that her physical training should be gin, and it should continue throah her school life to keep her in good condition, her muscles well balanced and her growth proportionate to her years. In ordax that she may be surrounded by the highest sanitary influences it is very es sential that her director of physical cul ture should know thoroughly her (Edi tions, her environment and inheritances, and should also-know the amount of health she possesses so as to regulate her expenditures of mental strength accord ing to her resources. As years roll on and she arrives at an age when eastern demands her to be caged in long dresses and hor hair twist ed into a knot, her freedom is enslaved . to all future and then, especially if she has not. had special care in her earlier years, we must doubls the watch, so to speak, on her health. The action of manyvaluablo muscles is interrupted, others are rifcglectcd altogether, spinal muscles grow lax, the chest droops, careless posture becomes habitual, and consequently the entire internal struc ture is -to ft greater Or less extant de pressed. At this age society is allowed to make inroads on hours invaluable for sleep, and the girl becomes nervous, petu lant, depressed, actually morbid, and from no fault whatever of hers. It is her environment, and she cannot be re lieved of these unfavorable inflwences without thorough physical training. She cannot be strengthened when her mind is continually concentrated on mental pursuits and hygienic principles ignored. Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher in Godey's, A Kural Tournament of Sons;. For two days the little town of Kendal was given up to holiday life a holiday not on the ordinary lines of merrymak ing, but whoso motif was the carrying out of a musical ideal, and whose raison d'etre was a genuine enthusiasm and a strenuous devotion to art. The holiday had been well earned. During long win tor evenings the church and school choirs of the villages of Westmoreland and of the contiguous parts of Lancashire and Yorkshire had worked with a thorough ness and enorgy beyond all praise with these two days in view. To take part and if possible to excel in these compe titions has every yoar fired the conduct ors of these village bands to fresh exer tions, till now it may truly be said that no rural district in England can supply a pendant to this unique musical meet ing. The competitions this year, as last, extended over two days. The first day was chiefly dedicated to soloist perform-. ers and to the contests between the junior choirs. - . .... . The delight and enthusiasm with which the children go through their per formance form a charming and pictur esque feature of the festival. The dif ferent villages are distinguished by col ored badges and rosottes, a distinction in which the children take evident pleas ure.. In many cases a choir is conducted by a lady belonging to the neighborhood, to whom tho children turn with a rapt attention, their eager faces and keen eyes hanging on each twist of her wrist and stroke of her baton. This year 18 junior choirs entered the lists, and the really admirable work that they did both in singing and sight reading gives promise , for great results in the future, when members of these junior choirs will bo come the nucleus of larger village and choral societies. London Saturday Re view. ;' 1 ' ; " ' - - - ' . r Artistio Mosaic Work. , The mosaic, covering a space of 120 square yards, at which MM. Lemiere and Gilbert Martin have been working for over three years in the apse of the Madeleine, was visible Sunday for the first time. M.Lemieredosignedthework, which represents the triumph of the French church, and contains 21 figures, which are executed in tinted camiou. There are 2,000,000 small, square stones employed in the work, the basis of which is Portland cement 7 centimeters, deep under a bed of martic, whioh becomes nearly as hard in drying. , The ground is in five tones of gold and yellow. , Tho separate squares : forming these tones are placed close to each other. Seen close, they would be spotty; seen at a distance, they seem of one hue, but of a quieter tone than if they had been of a uniform shade, The figures represent Christ issuing gloriously from the tomb, with the Marys and Saints Veronica, Martha and Marcella around him, and the bishops and holy men, Isidore, Maxi tnin, Marthal, Julian, Trophemus and others who implanted Christianity in Gauh Paris. Cor. London News. An International Coin. When everybody is fretting about let ters of credit and all the other make shifts to avoid penury in a foreign land", it occurs to the mind unskilled in ques tions of finance to wonder why we cau bot have one single international coin which would be good wherever it is spent. An entire international currency is a boon reserved for our grandchildren, but a single gold coin of about tho value, say of $2.50, would bo an fanmonso conven ience to travelers. A moderate sum in luch coins would not be burdensome, Bnd before leaving each country the na tional currency could be exchanged into them at the hotel office or the nearest shop without any fuss and feathers what ever. Multiples of such a coin, to the extent of a hundred or more, would be easily portable, and fractions of it would not be large enough to cauae serious em barrassment to most travelers. The amount of time and trouble which a sin gle international coin would ;iye is al uiost incalculable. Kate' Field's Wash- Uigton. If aught? Little Kutherlno. Katheriuo, aged 5, had beun naughty, and her mother was reproving her for It, whTi K:'.t!:erir.e drew herself up and , iu a digiiiiit'd tono tu.id, ' Purinh mo if Jou must, nminma, but pray ktop thia talking." New York Tribune.