Advertising i. to business what etesra pow
r. is to machUiery-th grand motive power.
There 'U but one wayorontalnlng busiais -publicity;
but one way of obtnliiins; public
ity advertising. - -BijtcKrooi).
la called the "Father of Diseases."
It is caused by a Torpid Liter,
and ia jeneraly accompanied with
LOSS f PETITE,
"SICK KEADACSt, v
BAB IEEATB, Ete.
To tres constipation successfully
It is a mild laxative and a tonic to
; th digestive organs. By takkig
Simmons Liver Regulator you
promote digestion, bring on a reg
nlar habit of body and prevent
Biliousness and Indigestion. -
"My wife was sorely dUtreswd with Comtipa
lion and coughing, followed with Bleeding Piles.
After four mouths use of Simmons Liver Regulator
be is almost entirely relieved, gaining strength
ar.d flesfc." W. U. Liwkk, Delaware, Ohio. ;
v J aKVEiiY PACKAGE-Sft
Una our Z Stamp In red on wrapper.
J. H. IIEIUH & CO., Fuiiadelpbta, Ft.
Mali closes for Pendleton, Portland, and nil
points east, except the Dukotas, Minnesota
and Wisconsin, at 5:30 p. in.
For Walla Walla, Spokane and North Paci
fic points at 7 5
Mail arrives from Pendleton, Portland and
the east at 7:45 a. m.
Prom Walla Walla, Spokane and North Pa
cific points at 8 :5 p. m.
Office hours General delivery open from S
a.m. tog p.m. Sundays, 8 to 11 a. m. Money
order window open from 9 a m. to 4 p. m.
Gko. Hansell, Postmaster.
A F. & A. M. NO. 80 MEETS THE
. First and Third Saturday Evenings
of each month. Visiting bretheren cor
dially invited to visit the lodge.
10. 0. F. NO. 73, MEETS EVERY
. Friday night. Visiting Odd Fellows
in good standing always welcome.
ARO. U. W. NO. 104, MEETS THE
Second and Fnrh Saturdays of
ach month. L. A. Ccithens,
PYTHIAN, NO. 29, MEETS EVERY
ji a sharp, " v
Physician and Surgeon.
Calls promptly answered. Office on Third
Btreet, Athena, Oregon, ; . j (
TJR. CARLISLE, f ,
PHYSICIAN & 8UESE0N. V V.
Calls promptly attended to day "or night.
Office: Main Street, Athena, Or. ,
R. I. N. RICHARuSON,
wl'EBATlYK I'KOSTII KTIC DENTIST.
W. & CR. Ry. Co,
in connection with .
NORTHERN PACIFIC R. R.
QUICKEST AND BEST ROUTE
Between Eastern Oregon and ashington
and Fuget sound Points, as well s the
Popular and direct Line to all
Points East & Southeast
Pullman Sleeping Cars.
Superb Dinning Care.
Free 2d-Class Sleepers.
THROUGH TO CHICAGO VIA THIS LINE
Passenger train of this Company ore run--i.
r iiiug regularly between
Daytir Waitsburg, Walla Walla," Wash,
and Pendleton, Oregon. V
Making cldse connections at -Hunt's Jn nation
with Northern Pacific trains for Taconin,
. Seattle.-Victorla, irth," Ellemaburgb, North
laKima, ntsco, Bprague, uneney, jJaven
port, Spoksne, Butte, Helena, St. Paul and
AND ALL POINTS EAST.
For Accomodation of .Second-Class
Passenger AUache,to Ex- '
press Trains 'A ' "
Gem Fr't and Pas. At W alla Walla Wash
W.I. TYLFR, .' - : -f i ' 'i
J ; Prea. and Ucn'l Mimaser. ; -"
J. A MTjlRHEAD.
Agent Athena, Oregon.
Prof. Lane, the artist, has leased
rooms over the FirEt National
Bank which he has converted into
.. STUDIO :.
and is now prepared to instruct a
large number of students in oil
painting and free bund pencil draw
ing. Nice quits rooms. Prices
Even as a mother, when the twilight falls,
rvith flaming candle high above her head
Peers from her cottage door and softly calls
Her loitering children who too far have strayed
knd smiles to hear their shouts come through
rVavlng her flaring light to guide them home
Jo standee thou great statue from thy height
Streams oat one constant welcome o'er and.
While alleft serfs and exiles catch thy light
lad pull with eager hands for freedom's shore.
Their homes are foundod on our prairies free,
rhey build their fanes within oar moan tains'
?r, southward, nestle neath the orange tree,
roe to abide where'er their feet have strayed.
No more we see the stinging lash cat deep
The dusky flesh of supplicating slave,
Ko more through cypress swamps the blood
ro hunt him to his master er his grave,
though black, though white, of high or low de
gree. rhe hand that feeds thy watch fire now ia free.
Great, grand, majestie monument of love,
A. burning altar by the sounding sea
Hispah Imploring God to watch above
Between our banner and the fleur-de-lis.
Jaye Jacques in Youth's Companion.
' A tlip of a girl with slim, yottng
shoulders, childish form and shy, rosy
.face half avoiding, half inviting the gaze
this was Fanchettei
Fanchetta Hugot they called her in
the village, where old Mother Hngot
was well known. But Fanchetta shook
her head. She was no kith and kin of
Mme. Hngot, that she knew, and Jacques
knew it also Jacques, with his bonny
brown head and bright, bold face and
gray attire, which marked him of the
better class; Jacques, who loved her
better than she loved the turkeys which
iha tended, and swore that every dark
hair of her head nnder the red turban
was precious to him.
Jacques' father called her the little
turkey tender and threw her a coin
from his carriage as be passed. But
Fanchette treasured the coins and made
herself mare beautiful in her lover's eyes
with her finery ribbons that matched
the blue of her eyes and roses that rivaled
the carmine of her dewy lips.
When Jacques took her in his arms
and told her that he loved her and let
the light of his beautiful eyes shine in
hers, she forgot the whole world just for
that one moment. She forgot to wonder
that God should let his creatures suffer
so; that be should distribute blessings
so unequally. She forgot that old
Mother Hngot was a hard mistress and
forgave her the bruises on her poor body
and the unkind words she used toward
her. She mounted into heaven when
Jacques put his arms about her and she
could lean her head for a moment on his
But these opportunities were seldom
granted her for sinking her soul in Lethe.
There were cows to milk, and the pigs to
feed, and the turkeys to tend, and when
she could finally slip away to her lover.
whistling impatiently round the corner
of the lane she had but a few moments
to spare from her mistress, who was Im
patient the instant the girl was out of
her sight " ,
They used to watch the moon come np
sometimes, round and fiery and glowing
In the soft warm sky, and Jacques would
claim a kiss for every star that appeared
in the, heavens as they watched. Ah,
Fanchette loved the stars! One shone
into her little casement at nightand she
always thought of Jacques when she saw
It, and his kisses seemed to her again laid
on her lips as she fell asleep with her eyes
axed on the distant light.
Fanchette was very faithful to Mother
Hugot, who grumbled at having to keep
her and called her shiftless and a good-for-nothing.
. But Fanchette knew from
the tiny gold locket aronnd her neck and
from the embroidery on a bit of a gown
Mother Hugot had shown her that she
was Jacques' equal at least, and she al-
ways looked for a delivery to come to
her in some guise or other. Every morn
ing when she arose she would say, "Per
haps today my deliverer will come," and
every night when she went to bed she
prayed, "God, I thank thee that lam yet
alive, for I know thou wilt send me a
great blessing tomorrow."
So when the fairy godmother finally
lid arrive Fanchette was the least sur
prised of any of the village. -f
When Jacques met her that evening
in the lane, he laid his head down against
tier to hide his face, out of which the
jay light had faded.
"You are going away " he cried, "to
be a great lady. You have a title; you
will live in a palace. I, poor Jacques.
what shall I do? I think death would
not be difficult" ;
"I shall come back, Jacques, in a year
they have promised me that and then
We can be married if you are waiting
for me still.. Parting is but a test of
true love. Don't give your kisses or
four love words to other girls to make
the time speed faster, my own Jacques,
tf I feel that you are all my own in deed
wd in thought, there will be no sting in
the sadness of our parting."
Jacques lifted np his head. The moon
me up lightly over the late lime trees
wd shone upon his boyish face."
,"I promise," he said, solemnly lifting
his hand on high,tnd then he drew her
lark head against his shoulder and
pressed her lips with his own.
"In a year from tonight I will meet
f ou here. Oh, Fanchette, my love, my
wn, yon will not fail me?"
"Never, Jacques, if I come to rags. I
will keep my word. If I come to a beg
par, still I will meet you here."
"Remember our star, iranchette. Ev
ery night I will look for it, and when
you see its rays you will know your
Jacques is dreaming of you and praying
for your return." , -
; When the sua chased the shadows
froti. he earth next morning, Fanchette
was lu- .ny miles away.
She went to a palatial home. She
gowned herself in satins and saw her
self bedecked with jewels. She grew
more fair than a poet's dream, and she
danced with nobles and was attended
by aristocratic dames.
She was still Fanchette, and at night
she loosed at the star she loved and
Oiurmared the prayer of her childhood's
flays. Every heartbeat was for Jacques,
ATHENA, UMATILLA COUNTY. OREGON.
very tear for Jacques, every smile for
Xacques. She knew not if he were dead
r living. When she was of age, at the
md of the year, then she would know.
Her beauty expanded. Her eyes were
deeper, her form rounder, her skin
Inner, with a glow like polished marble.
She carried her head with a saucy tilt,
her lips melted into smiles, her cheeks
dimpled. They called her Fanchette
When 11 months had passed, she put
her arms about her newly found father,
the murmured Jacques' name with an
i ltonation like a ringdove in her voice,
! a frown corrugated the old man's
fcuudsome brow. He flung her aside.
"Ingrate!" he cried stormily. -
Fanchette kissed him sadly and crept
away. Just at that moment she longed
for the starlighted land, the coins that
Father Badeaa threw to the poor turkey
driver and the curses of Mother Hugot
with aheartsickness that terrified her.
She never mentioned Jacques name
again. She stole frora her home one
night at the hour of 12. She paused be
yond in the corridor and gave one glance
behind at the luxury wrapped nest she
had quitted. She saw the gilded panels,
shining mirrors reflecting painted ceil
ings hung in roses with a frieze of cu
pids, soft, rich carpets and lace hnng
bed where dreams of Jacques had cir
cled round her drowsy head.
She saw her tiny satin shoes, subtly
suggestive of indolence and with a
touch of personality seeming to cling
about them still as they lay discarded on
the white fur rug before the scented fire.
Her glance wandered to an open chest
of antique wood hard by, heaped np with
the choicest treasures of the milliner's
art Here a fan coquetted with an opera
cloak, there a dainty ball gown spread
its flimsy flounces over a Parisian bonnet
laden with purple violets. -
She dropped a tear, she burst Into a
sob. Her woman's heart cried out after
all this luxury. Her better nature whis
pered Jacques name into her ear. The
tear became as a rainbow touched by
her smile. She turned and fled, crying.
"The world is well lost for love, my
Jacques! I cornel I come!"
In the old familiar tryating spot at
last, waiting for her lover, she echoed
those words. She crouched down and
kissed the turf and the 6tar eyed mar
guerites and laughed to herself softly
and gleefully. '
She heard his step at last. She arose
with a new shyness born of her fresh
beauty and her solemn joy.
"What, Fanchette! You! What! Fan
chette in the rags of the turkey girl?" he
stammered. . ' " .
"Oh, yes. Jacques, yes! The turkey
girl, Fanchette, whom you love. Not
the lady Fanchette ever again! I am
yours, Jacques, yours!"
Ho dropped his hat from bis hand. His
rugged face paled and his lips quivered.
She thought his joy unmanned Htti,
He put both hands over his face and
stood so, abashed before her dewy eyes.
She brushed his hands with her red lips
and whispered to him:
.,, ."Look up. my Jacquesl Surely you
will speak to your own Fanchette? Oh,
fie, friend Jacques, tears for joy. for
sooth! Methinks that is worthy of a
woman. What! Will you not look at
me? They say that I am greatly changed
a beauty, Jacques, your little Fan
chette! Are you not glad?" '
She was sobbing and laughing and
clinging to him, the moon showing her
dimples, and her soft, quivering lips,
and her new great beauty to him in a
maddening way. Her hair fell around
him, her warm arms were laid upon his
shoulders, she was leaning against him,
delicious in her womanly gladness. But
he did not touch her after the first invol
untary caress. He dropped upon one
knee at her feet and laid his face against
her hand. - . '
Their star on high looked down upon
them benignly. , :; 5
"Look, Jacques, look our star! Oo
not kneel to me, my own Jacques, do
not, I pray! See, it is smiling at us it
is happy, too. The year is past, is past,
Jacques, let us thank the good God to
gether. But first will you not kiss me?
Am I to sue for it, then? Dear friend,
do not givo way thus. I am here, close
beside youi Jacques. I will never, never
leave you now, love, unless you bid me
"I bid you go." -
The voice was hoarse, agonized with
deathly anguish in its modulations.
"I am married!" '
He canght her, held her to him as her
eyes closed and cursed himself.
"Fanchette, Fanchette, look np and
listen! My God, I hate myself! I mar
ried Rosamond Cartier six months ago.
I thought you would not come back.
Father influenced n.e"
"Don't!" Fanchetto said.
She seemed more beautiful than ever
when she stood up again. But Jaques
could not bear to look at her.
She slipped away from him over the
grass toward Mother Hugot's house..""
"Come to our house, Fanchette." he
But she shook her bead, lifted the latch
and went in.
She is the turkey tender once again.
She sees Jacques' ivife roll by in her
carriage. She is bumble and patient,
but she prays the old prayer no more.
All that remains of the past are the
stars, and on calm nights when she
looks out of her window she still fancies
as she weeps herself into troubled dream
land . hat Jacques is once again claim
ing a kiss for every star in the crowded
Bow French Criminals Face Death.
The Abbe Faure, ex-chaplain of Ro
quet te, is convinced that the majority
do not tremble when they see the fatal
knife before them; they are "electrified"
and appear unconscious. One woman,
however, distinguished herself by skip
ping np to the shimmering blade and
kissing it She bad to be dragged away
by brute force and strapped on to the bas
cole, being livid with rage at th in
terruption of her osculatory devotion.
' Paria Letter.
HOW TO TREAT A WATCH.
Aa Old tfatehaaaker Gives Adviee Worth
"Bear in. mind," said an old watch
maker the other day, "that a watch is,
in its way, almost as delicate a piece of
mechanism as the human system. Aa it
U necessary for a man who wishes to
keep in good health to take his meals
regularly, so it is necessary to feed a
watch at regular intervals. You feed a
watch by winding it up. Therefore
have a certain hour for winding your
Watch and never deviate from it
"Yon can regulate your own watch
If you will only study its peculiarities.
See this little arm? Well, if your watch
Is running slow, turn that arm with the
blade of your penknife a trifle toward
the letter 'J.' If it is running fast, turn
it in the opposite direction toward 'S.'
Don't move the arm more than a frac
tion of an inch, for if that will not suf
fice your watch needs a watchmaker's
"Don't open the inner case of. your
Watch more than is absolutely necessary.
Every time you Open it dust sweeps in
upon the, works, and it takes very little
dust to put a watch out of order. - In nine
cases out of ten, when a watch is brought
to me to be cleaned, I can tell with my
glass the business the owner of the watch
follows. I examined a watch the other
day and told my customer that he worked
in wool. He admitted the fact I had
found some small particles of wool in the
works of his watch.
"Have a chamois case for your watch,
or chamois lining in your watch pocket.
It preserves the case and keeps it from
getting scratched. I have heard men say
that a watch with a chamois case will
keep no better than one without such
protection, but that is nonsense.
"If you work near electrical instru
ments or ride on electrical cars, you
should have your watch demagnetized.
The real cost of this is almost nothing.
There is a machine for the purpose. You
place the watch on the positive side and
then on the negative. There is no more
work about it than there is in baking a
loaf of bread.
"I have heard men say that it was im
possible to take a sick watch to a jeweler
without being told that the trouble lay
in a broken mainspring. But how little
men who wear watches know about
mainsprings! Broken mainsprings come
as a sort of epidemic, . Don't laugh; I'm
simply telling you a fact. A year ago
this spring I was flooded with watches
the mainsprings of which had snapped.
A peculiarity of the breaking was that
each of the 25 or more turns to the spring
was severed, and that the breaks were in
ft straight line from the center to the cir
cumference of the spring.
"Now let me add a few words as a sort
of final. The best as well as the cheap
est watch movements in the world are
made in England and America. It's nil
well enough to talk about Swiss watches,
but in point of accurate time keeping
there never has been made an expensive
Swiss watch that was a whit superior to
a good English or American one.
"Wind your, watch regularly, regulate
it, study its moods in both hot and cold
weather, keep the inner case closed, get
it .demagnetized and don't call the
watchmaker a robber when he tells you
that the mainspring of your watch needs
renewal." o : - '
Bow to Loosen Glass Bottle Stoppers.
1. Tap the stopper gently with wood,
first on one side, then on the other, strik
ing upward. 2. Dip the neck and stopper
in hot water. 8. Tie a string around
the stopper and jerk it evenly backward
and forward, holding the bottle firm. 4.
Put a drop or two of oil around the
topper where it will run down between
the stopper and the neck of the bottle,
then warm it
How to Care For Oleanders.
An oleander ought to bloom profusely
half the year. Plant out or plunge small
plants during the summer, giving them
abundance of water. The best soil ia
equal parts of loose, rotten sods, sand
and cow manure. See that tubs or pots
are well drained. In winter set in a cool
light cellar with little water, not little
enough, however, to cause the soil to get
quite dry. When repotting in spring,
prune and cut back the branches some.
Keep the plants in a partly shaded lo
cation under a tree or on a poreh.
Give plenty of water and shower the fo
liage. If mealy bug or scale be found,
use a whisk brush and soapsuds to re
How to Make Water Filter.
Stop the hole of a clean flowerpot
about 10 inches high with a piece of new
sponge, not too tightly to prevent water
from passing through. A 2-inch layer
of charcoal, then a layer of clean sand,
and last one three inches deep of coarse,
clean gravel is put in, and the pot is kept
over an earthen jar nnder the faucet.
Sufficient water will filter through for
How to Hake lamp Shade.
"I had a large and beautifully em
broidered white silk handkerchief," said
ft lady, "which I never had found any
use for. I dyed it a primrose yellow and
edged it with a frill of cream embroid
ered chiffon. Then I cut a large circle
from the center, laid side plaits, two at
each side and turning toward the center
of each corner or point. I then sewed
the top to a band of yellow silk and cov
ered the same with a box plaited ruch
ing of ribbon to match, joined at one
side nnder a pretty bow. Tms makes a
lovely shade to slip over a plain white
Hew te Wash a Carriage.
First wet it thoroughly with the hose
or by throwing water over it. This will
remove all gritty dirt and mud, which,
If rubbed off, would scratch the varnish.
Do not nse hot water in winter. Wash
off with a sponge soaked in water.
Bow to Start m East j Screw.
With a nail punch give it two or three
harp blows to drive it in, then nse the
screwdriver. , If the blows do not start
it, heat the screw by holding a hot iron
to its head.
OCTOBER 13 1893.
A Word to Mr. Carnegie?
Mr. Andrew Carnegie has made a large
fortune in the steel business, but is not
satisfied. He now poses as a political
prophet, but is not entirely a success.
He tells us that the whole English
speaking world ought to unite in order
to boss the affairs of the planet Such
a combination, he declares, would give
ns the dictatorship. We should be
come the arbiters of the world's destiny,
"and all like that, you know." Our
consolidated navy would be decisive
In any controversy, and European na
tions would be compelled to ask our per
mission before cutting each other's
There is no reason why we should
unite with England either politically,
commercially or otherwise. We are
quite able to run our own machine, and
ask no help from any one. We don't
propose to assume the task of control
ling Europe. If Germany wants to fight
Russia, that is her business. We will
stay on this side of the water and supply
breadstuff s atNa reasonable profit. If
France is loading up for a contest, that
is not our affair. She is her own master,
and we have no desire to take a hand.
If our memory serves us, we were at
some pains about a century ago to break
off all close relations with England.
King George got very mad and swore at
us in his characteristic patois, but we
brought that stubborn gentleman to
terms at last. It is not probable, there
fore, that we shall at this late day enter
into a "combine" with England which
might open np a chance to recover the
property she owned before the Declara
tion of Independence. New York Tel
Helping: Out Medical Authority.
A medical authority says that in view
of a threatening plague people cannot
be too careful in the selection of the ice
they nse, as all sorts of disease may be
communicated by this medium, but no
directions governing the selection of ice
are given. In order that the public wel
fare may be conserved we present a few
general rules for the guidance of ice
The best ice is always cold, and some
times a slight moisture may he observed
upon the surface. It is devoid of smell
and will melt when exposed to a tem
perature of 110 degrees F. Ice made
of water ia most desirable. It should
be transparent, or nearly so, and should
break into fragments when given a
a sharp blow. Tough ice that will not
break is generally adulterated. Avoid
soft ice or ice that has been subjected to
excessive heat while under process of
It sometimes presents a fine appear
ance, but is unhealthfuli " Ice more than
three days old should not be purchased,
as it is liable to turn sour on your hands
and will have to be thrown away. After
bavLig melted, ice loses many of its vir
tues and should not bo used. It should
always be kept in a cool place and at a
distance from gas fixtures to avoid ex
plosions. Washington News.
Beautiful Lectures on Journalism.
Lectures on journalism are becoming
abundant. ' It goes without saying that
19 times out of 20 they are by those who
know nothing of their subject experi
mentally, but know all about it theoret
ically. And, oh, how beautifully thoy
do talk! But if they'll only take a little
hack at it in a practical day in and day
out sort of way they'll find that journal
ism means something else than spider
web rainbows and pansy beds, or we'll
lose our guess.
We have never known a case where
actual experience with book canvassers,
committees who want a lot of free ad
vertising in the editorial columns "for
the good of the cause, you know," etc.,
ever failed to leave its impress of stern
logic, Those who presume on the duties
and responsibilities of journalism and
all that sort of pretty talk would see
some things at least a little differently
if they'd only get down from their high
horse and take a hand at journalism
themselves. Milford (N, Y.) Journal
Where Discipline la Essential.
It seems to us that we have this year
an inordinate number of reports of riot
ous and obstreperous conduct on the
part of students in institutions of learn
ing, especially in colleges and academics,
and even in seminaries for young wom
en. Making due allowance for youthful
frivolity, we take occasion to say that at
all hazards order must be preserved
among the students and discipline en
forced by the faculty of all educational
institutions. . When students -are suf
fered to override the rules set up by the
faculty, it is to their own disadvantage;
when professors fail to apply these
rules, it is evidence of their incompeten
cy; when an institution gets a name for
disorderliness, it is on the road to ruin
New York Sun.
Can This Be Truer
"No, sir, 111 not pay 85 cents for a
small sandwich and 60 cents more for
service. That's simply highway rob
bery," said a New York man to the pro
prietor of a Chicago restaurant,
"That, sir, is an insult to comparo me
with a highway robber."
"Yes, you are right. If there were
any highway robbers, I would certainly
beg their pardon." Texas Sif tings.
; World's Fair Expenses For One Day.
A Chicago man gives this schedule of
prices for seeing thefair on CO cents a day;
Cottage G-ove avenue car, round tr)y 10
Admission. , CO
Milk at milk exhibit B'ree
Freeh rolls at yeast exhibit Freo
Buttered crackers at butter exhibit Free
A man said to be 75 years old has en
tered as a student at Princeton college.
He hud all his lifo brcn imbueil with a
desire to have a colh-go edrxation, and
a legacy hr.s at Inst placed him in a posi
tion to obtain one.
Spain was a republic for nearly two
years (16C3-70) under the presidency of
EmilioCastelar, but royalty was revived.
Castelar has just announced his retire
ment from Dtjblio life.
HOW TO CONTROL A HORSE.
A Bnnaway May Be Mastered by Using a
A horse cannot nor will not run away
with his neck handsomely arched and
without bearing hard against the bit. By
having him carefully flexed and mouthed
you put his head, neck and mouth in po
sition to make resistance against the bit
physical impossibility, and even if he
should be frightened into running, the
muscles of bis neck and jaw having by
previous training been brought under ab
solute control, he will quickly yield to
the pressure of the bit and can be man
aged with ease. Besides forcing the horse
into physical obedience, flexing and
mouthing have an equal moral effect
viz, being taught that the pain caused by
pulling the bit ceases with the beginning
of his obedience, he always, as it were,
anticipates your wishes by' yielding im- j
-.3 : . m ix- ... .
lueuusteijr, j.ucbo results oowuneu Dy
flexing and mouthing refer to both driv
ing and saddle horses. Have your horses
well trained, flexed and mouthed before
driving or riding them through the
streets or park, and you will have fewer
accidents, fewer wagons to repair and
fewer doctor bills to pay.
To hold a spirited horse one of those
luggers who nearly pull you off the sad
dle or who pull the wagon by the mouth,
with the reins as traces fastened to your
hands and you as a substitute for whiffle
tree is no pleasure. You wrap the reins
around your hands. You use buttons or
loops or universal or patent bits, which,
giving the horse more pain, only cause
him to pull harder, for he wants to free
himself from the torture inflicted by the
bit; or by an overdraw attached to the
thin bit, the latter pinching the mouth
(the thinner and smaller the bit the great
er the torture), you elevate his nose and
tie. It np to his tail, keeping him for
hours in a strained position, which pro
duces that peculiar stiff movement of
shoulders and forelegs so noticeable in
horses checked by high overdraws. But
you do not remedy the trouble; the horse
If you, instead of fighting the whole
horse at once, would first become master
of his separate parts, particularly his
neck and jaws, by having them flexed and
suppled so that you can handle them
with ease, you would have no trouble, no
lugging, no running away. If the horse
lugs with his jaws resting against the
bit, it is not caused by the hardness of
flesh in his mouth, but by the position of
his head and neck and tho stiffness of the
latter, receiving and centering in it the
impetus of his body. He may, for in
stance, have a heavy muscular neck and
strong, narrow jawbones. The muscles
of the neck not being, by flexing, taught
to yield, those which carry the head and
neck stretched out are predominant, and
although he would like to evade the pain
inflicted by tho bit he cannot do so, but
must rush against it. Remove t he cause,
And the trouble will disappear.
How the Saying "Among the Clods" Orig-
The Drury Lane theater, London,
many years ago had its coiling painted
to represent a blue sky with clouds,
among which were Cupids flying in ev
ery direction. This ceiling extended
over the gallery, and consequently the
occupants of these higher seats were
said to be "among the gods," while later
the term "gallery gods" was applied to
those occupying the highest tiers in the
aters. How to Guess a Woman's Age.
i A volume of memoirs has just been
published giving the experience of a
French president of assizes. It bears cu
rious testimony to the inaccuracy of
women on the subject of their own ages.
As the writer's information is from the
calender, he speaks only of the criminal
classes. The only instances in which he
finds correct dates given by women are
when they are under 25 or over 83, At
these periods of life, he says, they are to
be trusted. At all other periods the sure
controlling tendency is to understate.
The magistrate has been able to give a
rule for guidance. He finds that female
prisoners invariably state their ages as
29, 89, 49 or 59, and from this remarka
ble circumstance he deduces his rule. If
their ages are in the forties, they boldly
set them down in the thirties; but, con
science asserting itself, they keep as near
the truth as they can and fix them at 89.
Whether male criminals do the same the
magistrate does not state.
How Bricks Get Their Color.
Bricks and common pottery ware owe
their red color to the iron naturally con
tained in the clay of which they are
formed, the iron, by the action of heat,
being converted into the red oxide of
iron. Some varieties of clay, like that
found near Milwaukee, contain little or
no iron, and the bricks made from it are
consequently of light yellow color.
How to Treat New Brussels Carpets.
Brussel carpets even of the best quality
are liable to be injured by something
catching in the loops of the threads.
This roughens the surface and prolongs
a loop to an unsightly length. Cut it off
as soon as the damage is done, thus pre
venting its pulling on other threads.
See also that the furniture and casters
are smooth enough not to catch, also
that there are no projecting nails in
boots that must walk over it. Avoid
weeping a new brnssels carpet until
the loops have been trodden down some
what. For this reason, it would be well
to cover it with rugs or an art square
for a month or so if possible.
How to Make Screws Hold.
In soft wood or in too large a hole a
screw can be firmly driven if a stick half
the size of the hole is dipjAJ in thick
glue and put in first. If glue is not ob
tainable, put the stick in, fill with resin,
then heat the screw so it will melt the
resin. To drive a screw in broken plaster
fill the cavity with plaster of paris, then
put the screw in before it hardens.
Hew to SIske Table Linen VTaar f.venly.
If napkins, tablecloths and doilies are
nnmbered with indelible ink and used in
rotation, the wear on them will be much
THE REALM OF FASHION. ; -
Pink accessories axe still used ou pray
toileta, but a newer and sometimes more
becoming color note on gray is that ef pal
yellow in crepe de chine,' thiff on or stnpert
silk.. . ... ' -.v
The aspiring osprey, the nodding Ions
stemmed flower, the waving plume and
the erect, assertive bow of ribbon, luce rr
velvet are still prominent features of mil
The new silk warp clairett? fabrics de
signed for demidresa the coming snmmer
are very lovely both in fabrio and color,
and their pretty ribbon garnitures will lend
India silks with old rose or lilac clusters
on a pale primrose ground make charming
dresses trimmed with ecru guipure lace
and loops and ends of velvet or old rose or
lilac satin ribbon. . ,
There is a threatened epidemic of white
petticoats now that women have made a
desperate effort to purchase all the requisite
assortment of handsome silk akirti to
match their various gowns. ' .
Among parasols for general uses are thoso
of corded silk lined with shot surah. India
silk parasols in delicate tints or in white
have a prettily wrought border at the edge
or are finished with slightly gathered
pinked flounces. , , ;
Rows of fringed or pinked, ruches, rib
bons set on in spaced lines, narrow bins
bands of silk gathered twice through the
center or box plaited, slightly gathered or
festooned lace flounces, are the popular fin
ishes for the bottom of summer dress skirts.
A dinner dress of shot satin in pink and
white has rose ruches on thedemlfrain, the
gown opening in dlrectoire style on a petti
coat of striped white, pink and violet, the
sweet pea colors. White lace plaiting
show everywhere among the rose ruches,
New York Evenina Post.
' , , , JUST BOYS. : ,
Vance W. Hjelm of Cbtton, Cal., fs per
haps the youngest telegraph operator it
the world, being but 11.
Denison, Tex., claims to have discovi 1
a 6-year-old boy who "has leen a trump
for two years, plays poker, drinks whisky,
can swear like a pirate and is an expert
with the pistol." ,
Two boys about 13 years of age are run
ning a dairy in south Atchison, Kan. They
started two years ago with one cow and n
milk can. Now they have four or five cows
and a horse and wagon.
K 10-year-old negro boy living uoar Mt-:
Ian, Tenn., was born with only one eye,
there being no trace of another. His body
is covered with a growth of small hairs re
sembling wool, giving him the appearance
of a brute animal.
In Belfast, Me., two boys started a brush
fire which got beyond their control. "Oh,
Lee," said oue, "why don't you ask God to
help us?" "Get out," said I.e; "I don't
believe he'd help us it we did, and I'm go-'
ing to fight it myself." And he did till
the neighbors came.
1 In Princeton, Ky., the 3-year-old bahy of
Godfrey Stevens fell into a cistern. There
was no rope handy, but Mrs. Stevens' 10-year-old
son volunteered to bo lowered
down by a twisted window curtain. It 1
broke, and the poor fellow was drowned
Jte was found with the baby in bis arms.
New York Recorder. ,
WAVES OF WATER.
The highest falls in tho world are the
Ribbon falls of the Yoscmite 3.300 feet
s The oldest artesian well In.,. Europe is
found at Li Hers, France. From its mouth
water has flowed uninterruptedly for 740
j It is estimated that the Mississippi river
aunually discharges into the gulf of Mexico
10,500,000,000,000 cubic feet of water. Of
this prodigious quantity 1-200O part will be
The river Aide in Suffolk runs parallel
with the coast for some miles, only sepa
rated from the sea by a narrow shingle
bank, which, when the tide is exceptionally
high, Is covered by the waves. . ,'
I In the bay of Fundy the tioc nk "l-U
icov. jn. miip aiii-iiua buu rental urn on a
rock there after dark, and at daybreak the
crew were astonished to find themselves
looking down a precipice into water fur
! FIN, FEATHER AND FUR. r
' The woods Just north of Went Point are
the home of more than a score of American
The Hydra fusca, a sort of polypus, may
be turned inside out like a glove and will
continue to live and eat as heartily as ever.
One kind of jellyfish Is shuped like a
trumpet and another like a Chinese lantern,
capable of contracting and expanding itself
Aa English Writer declares he saw two
salmon light a duel. The fish plunged at
one another for two hours, and night came
on, and the end of the battle could not be
witnessed. . . . ,
The most curious animal In the world 1s
the Ornithorynchus paradoxus of Austra
Ila. It is shaped like an otter, has fur !jko
a beaver, is Webfuotcd like a swan, has" nr
blll like a duck, a tail like a fox, ia am
phibious and lays eggs.
EDUCATIONAL ECHOES. ;
The greatest university is Oxford. 1 1 has
81 colleges and 5 halls.
The libraries of Williams college and the
University of Michigan are now open ou
The University of Cincinnati recently re
ceived a very valuable tract of land in the
heart of that city. It contains upward of
Miss Kathleen Murphy of Dublin received
the $l,5O0 prize from the Koyal University
of Ireland for the best examination in inod
The Register at Stanford university an
nounces that ex-Presideut Harrison will
begin his course of lectures on international
law next October, when the new school of
law will be opened. Besides general in
struction in law, the course Includes train
ing in branches that will fit students for
the public service.
The amount of nlr that a man will inhaL
In 'H hours will fill 78 hogshead and wrlh'
53 pounds. , , .
A thousand millions of the aiiimatculn
found in stununt water ilo not collectively
equal the size of a grain of sjincL
Fourteen minor phmeta wi re discovered
during lust month, briuKin;; the total num
her f Kinn.ll planrts known to ).7,"
The dianiclerof Mars is nesirly mile.
Its 'volume M ntoiit (ue Mrv:ith and hn
dcnslly flu fiftlut thai o( the earth. A
htuue let fall (JU the surface of Vari uould
fall six fet the first second.
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