Published Every Prf day ' Morning
By J. W. SMITH, Pbopbieto.-
I W. S553TJI ASD f. B. BOYD, : : ; EDITORS.
" Entered fttAOinftiotoJ!lceftecoiid-clBwi
mail inatter.yr. : .
Per Jrear, In drBce, ' 11.50
Hingle coploii, In wrappers, 6c
, Advertising Hates:
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Iw.J Each subsequent Insertion, Sc.
AH eonimuulml loin should be addressed to
((lie PRESS, Athena, Oregon.
' ATHENA, OCTOBER 13, 1893.
A GOOD MOVE.
We understand there ia a move
on foot to call a citizen's mass
meeting to be held in some one of
the towns in the East End to con
sider the advisability of some ac
tion in Jhe matter of the Lee street
bridge. We believe it is a move in
the right direction. Since the coun
ty officials concerned in this affair,
. do not seem to heed the demands
' of the people to explain their ac
tion in this matter, it would be well
.for' the citizens of the East End to
pee if there is not come recourse to
defeat their little scheme to compel
the taxpayers to pay for Pendle
Should such a citizen's meeting
be called, we suggest that some ac
tion be taken also to have the coun
ty court employ two experts to in
vestigate the books ot the county
court, clerk, sheriff and treasurer.
There is much dissatisfaction a
mong the people with the way the
county's affairs are conducted. It
is claimed that, while the taxable
property of the county has increas
ed rapidly for several years, the
rate of taxation has not decreased.
If the books of these officers are
straight, the officials themselves
will have no objection to such on
investigation, but rather favor it,
that the taxpayers of the county
. may know they have been true to
their trust. Should there be any
jobbery, and some believe there has
been, the sooner the people know it
During the greater part of the
time a senator was holding the sen
ate entranced by his eloquence yes
terday, there were present as his
audience eight republicans and
three democrats. At last his col
league came to his rescue, and up
on a call of the senate forty-six
senators answered to their names
When the call was dispensed with,
they silently glidod out, one by
ono, and the speech was, probably,
finished before an audience little
larger than that which had excited
the active sympathies of his col
league; and yet, it is asserted that
the senate cannot reach a vote on
the repeal of the silver-purchnsing
law because of the ''Senatorial
courtesy." Surely, this fiction
. should be dropped, and another
name submitted for the impregna
ble barrier that stands between the
people and their demands.
The Milton Eagle last, week in
commenting on a Press article to
the effect that we endorsed the
Eagle's action in opposing the
county court for purchasing the
Lee itrcet bridge in Pendleton
'The Eagle is glad to know that
the Athena Press has at last fell
in on the side of the tax-payers, and
it has our warmest commendations
for so doing."
The Press is "on the side' of the
tax-payers," now, always was, and
ever will be, but unlike the editor
of the Eagle, who has for the past
two weeks been filling his paper
full , of Lee street bridge matter,
we say our little piece and quit,
, print the news and have no ax to
A NEW LEGISLATIVE SYSTEM.
The following is a complete proe
pectus of a new plan of legislation
which it ia proposed to introduce
to the voters of this commonwealth
by an amalgamation of organua
gad which is known as the
s!Mive and referendum" sys-
sU nder this system every bill
I ' receive the majority vote of
uens at the ballot box before
it tan become a law, which is com
mendatory from the fact that the
will of the people should be as the
.voiea of the law. "
The- "initiative" means that any
citizen mar write a projosed law,
and if three per cent of the citizens
sign a petition in its favor, the sec
retary of state must submit it to a
vote of the citizens at the next elec
tion. The legislature hag no pow
er over the initiative method of
making laws. The law is propos
ed by some of the people, filed with
the secretary of state and by him
sent direct to the people at the bal
The ''referendum" means that
the legislature has the power to
propose bills, but any act must be
accepted by a majority of the vot
ers at the ballot box before it can
become a law.
This is the Swiss method, where
in some states it has been in suc
cessful operation for six hundred
years Zurich state, population
340,000, and Zurich city, popula
tian 92,000 for forty years have
permitted no law, tax levy or ap
propriation of public money to be
made without a majority vote of
the citizens, and they have no beg
gars, paupers nor home-made mil
lionaires. Wealth cannot buy law.
Word fresh from the people through
the ballot box is the highest law
and cannot be over ruled.
Under this method making law
is merely a business proposition of
public welfare. Demagogues, wire
pullers, ward heelers and pot-house
politicians lose their power. Any
man advocating a worthy law can
bring it to a vote within a year,
while bad laws are as easily repeal
ed. By constant study of law
making, the people are ready for
wise action at all times.
Proportional representation gives
every party rcpresentaion in pro
portion to the number voting its
ticket. Suppose a district or coun
ty casting 4,000 votes and entitled
to five representatives; then any
candidate receiving 800 votes,' or
nearer that number than any other
candidate, is justly elected, because
he represents one-hfth of the voters
Under the present system, if the
democrats have 1,600 votes and re
publicans, populists and prohibit
ionists 800 votes each, the demo
crats would elect all five represen
tatives and shut out the other two
parties having 2,400 votes, from
any representation or hearing. To
prevent this wrong, let each voter
set the figure 1 opposite his first
choice, 2 opposite his second choice
3 for third choice and so on. Then
if each democrat marks A as his
first choice, B as his second choice
and C as his third choice, when
800 ballots are counted for A, he is
elected as the representative of one
fifth of the voters; the other 800
ballots are then counted for B;
their second choice, and he is elec
ted; no votes are left for C. Every
democrat has voted; they have
elected their share of representa
tives and cannot get any more.
Each of the other parties, having
about one-fifth of the voters, will
elect one representative and will be
heard in the council or legislature
in proportion to the number of
votes it casts. All the people will
be represented, and instead of par
ty government by party machinery
we will have a country governed
by the people. Under this sys
tem each party will nominate only
as many candidates as it probably
has votes to elect.
The Press is receipt from John
II. Mitchell, of a conv o the Mem
orial Addresses upon the Life and
unaracter ol Leland Stanford.
- The wool growers of Ohio have
passed resolutions, asking congress
not to remove the duty from wool.
The vegetable growers of the
island of Bermuda want the duties
on vegetables removed so they can
1! . it .
rviiiize a ueuer price in una country.
It remains to be seen which the
present congress will favor the
citizens of this country or the for
The Oakland Home Insurancce
company, long regarded as the
most stable corporation in Califor
ma, is in distress. Its license has
been revoked. Insurance Com
missioncr J. N, D. Wilson finds that
there is an impairment of capital
amounting to $100,000 and it
seems highly probable that the
concern will have to go out of ex
The marriage of David Richard
son of this city, and Miss Elsie
Beck of Pendleton, was solemnized
Wednesday afternoon at the home
of the bride. Mr. Richardson is a
young man who graduated at the
public school last term and has
lately been studying dentistry unci
er his brother, Dr. I. N. Richard-
eon, in Athena. The young couple
took a pleasure trip to Portland
and on their return, will take up
their residence in Athena. The
Press and many friends extend
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
l-umt Otltee tit Ia Ommlc, Oregon,
' , October JO. lH.
notice! hereby riven that the folloutng
nametl oettler lm tiled notice of hU Intention
to nutke dual proof In Kiipport of his clultn,
and that mild proof will be made before the
fonnty JudKe of I'niMtllla comity, at IViiU'e
ton, Ore, ou Nov. li via
Hd 5HM, for the N K H sec SI, tp 4 N II St K W
M. He name the luUowliijt wrltucwtea to
Firove hU contlnuoim rtmlilem-e upon and cul-
(ton, J esse 6. Halt. John i'. Irlc and Alex
ander McDonald, all ot Atlanta. Oregon.
ceiving PHOTOS made by
Is going up on account of the
damp weatherthat is now
prevailing. But there will be
many a long face when they
find that Kenny is gone.
On the Doctors!
A good laugh is often better
than a dose of medicine, and
those who go to see Kenny al
ways have the laugh on the
Will be with you but
1 .1, L.
I BJIG to announce to' the people of Athena and surrounding coun
country that I still carry a full 6tock of Drugs and Chemicals, Patent
Medicines, Jewelry, Toilet articles and Perfumery, Glass, Oils and Paio.
Also a Choice Line of Fresh Liquors
and pure Wines for Medical purposes, only.
THE PIONEER DRUG STORE.
P. M. KIRKLAND, PROPRIETOR, - - - Athena, Oregon.
BMK o o o
OF 3THEM1 .
TIbe .AblfcLexLa Meat iMIazcOsielj
FRANK BEAL, proprietor.
FRSH V MEAT ': ALWAYS ON o flAND
aoiicit the patronage of the pnblio and in return will give you the best of fresh
eats at the lowest price. . - FRANK BEAL.
Going to buy any
." Be assured it pays
Do not be influenced by what
from coming to see our goods.
ry a full and complete stock of Furniture, wall paper and underta
IF YOU WISH TO borrow money on real estate, . .
Sell or buy farm or city property; have your life in
sured; have your property insured against fire in
the best companies in the world; invest money at
good interest and have it well secured; have Deeds, "
Mortgages, Contracts, Leases, etc., drawn correctly, call on W. T.
GILMAN, Athena, Ore. He represents the following first-class
XXX fire insurance companies: Phoenix, Home, Royal, Ger
man, Caledonian and Northwest. He -writes
his own XXX policies and guarantees correctness,
and at the lowest rate at which responsible com
panies will take risks. He has the agency for the
Equitable Life Insurance Co., the best of any
"Where we will be pleased to meet all of our old customers and
as many new ones as we can accommodate, and we can accommo
date a great many by giving them
To all Gash
PONT FORGET ! The fact that we give youl
a 10 per cent rebate for every cash purchase of!
One Dollar and upward. ; 1
South side Main Street.
Pay Intercut on time deposit. Proper attention
' given to collections Deals in foreign and
D. Livei.t. Cashier,
Call on us andg et our
Prices before going elsewhere
to call on us
our opponents may say to eep
Come and see for yourselves. We
. GILLIS BROS
The proprietor of the Ath
ena PRESS will give Fifty
umts per bushel lor No. 1
Wheat on Subscription ac'ts.
I A 10 Per Cent 1
- - g
f DISCOUNT I
have the largest stock
IN THE CITY.
have the freshest Groceries!
U IN THE
have the largest stock of shoes in!
EASTERN OREGON. 1
i C A' BAEBBTT CO.
p Mil Misn O I
. DEALERS IN
SHELF and HEAVY HARDWARE.
FARM IMPLEMENTS, THRESHERS,
MILLER W RUSTLER
leading furniture dealer
Wants Some Cash !
ND TO GET IT, he will for the next 60 days, sell FURNI-
TURE at the bottom notch.
Bed Room Sets
Rocking Chairs -
Parlor Suits -
AT .: YOUR .: OWN
Wall Paper from 15 cents
to match all paper, from 10
STORE. ON MAIN STREET,
3 m Z
of Dress Goodsg
ATHENA, OREGON. 5
MOWERS, RAKES, HARROWaBfiS
GANG PLOWS, MACHINE REPAIRS
- i , Springs Mattresses.
.: PRICE ':. FOR -;. CASH.
(double roll) to 65 cents. Border
to 20 cents per yard.
, ATHENA, ORE.
30f $1.00 and - -
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