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7 4V 1 i ' TI'O (HTICKL AND IXADINQ panr OP OIIXIAM COUNTY. HAS THREE TMCS TI.'O OSCULATION OF ANY PAPER IN ThS COUNTY. I'uI.IIkIu iI Lvery lluinutay by S. A. Pnttlaon Editor tout rrnj.tlftiif. ADVKKTISIXO BATES. ProfeKitonal eanl f !.00 pot moatft One square l.ito per month (rna-nnartef column. . . 1 30 ir month jf' me hull column , t oo per moallt M'WMUU'TION l!ATK4 On, column 10.00 per month Ono year (In advance). ....t.W . ..... i.ou M) .US L Itu.locM localt t11bchrf. at 10 cnU rr nine lor first insertion and 6 eetita pr llue if IIOI I'AXl 111 ll Itlild. flX llliMlltilt ,,,,,, ThriH) liiiiiiiti.,... thereafter. Iftal Klvert!mnU will In !1 eee r cbarired to tha party ordering tbm, at l.ral rau, and paid for before affidavit it (uralshwi. VOL. XII. CONDON, GILLIAM CO., OliEGON, THURSDAY, DECEMIJEK II, 1902. NO. 40. GLOlBE. CONDON ti I? L'.T " 0mnm "' 1. - CHAfTE?l XII. A Compact. When Itummoreloy entered his homo ho found three of tho cowboys who lm Mnrted In pursuit of Ksaii liiitj hi band of wnrriora to recap tiro I'filUa Lyle. They had followoj tlio Imilii!'! to a point opponlto tlij tt n jik'r abode and hnd cotno to his 1 '-ini'0 the? nlfht before to sruru hU rtdvU-4 nnd I'K'j'stfinfe, -Ono whoo liiili't It wnnj u trll about camp In the early mornings ld takwa hli (droll Mil;? ii!(irtilriK with (he fatal ro cult uli i Uily known ia tin rodr. Hihmcrsly concluded that It was pniur to Inrorin Ui'.'bw brave m'ii of the Hltnntlon. Ho told thorn tint l!'itha LyUi nn tntii nnd ndvUcd than to bury their dwd romrndj whllo he ri turm d u wort her Into ran' p. ' On-tin prnvlmi rfht whon the trapppr hnd loft Mrrtha conconlod la , th opfjfnK In thu rhnrook two of th Imlluu fiwanh'ns party had come tn vany thut ishf bt amo alarmed far Jior Bi'ffty nnd tnl wy m qub'tly fn n jshfiilow. rron found hormdf fc.tf, iowovr, n tin foatstfim ai'd lew piiltrtnl lltt mnrmurs of tho Ind ItuiH Indlriitiil Ilia? thy hd pamit'd on to th north. Ihit nh hnd omi f!:rH(n!ty In fin ing h'T wnjr buck and llm had not f!t mir cf flndnK tho ttnppor liKaln. who was now diligent ly fcurcMn? fur htf, until isho run n'rnont into his arms. Thn trappor had prorrPilcil with her nf nfttr hln htinin a ho thought wan ff.f nnd hnd loft Lr Birotod with tli fulnionlf ion not to lav tinl'r any iiIiTunaitiini'Mi until hta rotttrn, s Mid profrtHlci! rau!lonly on foot. AVh!l- Mipiotichlni? aerrot panfniKC that lud to hta .rvrn. In "the oarlv rnornlnjr, hr hoard tb rlflo nhots and Imnu'dhitidy ft.-oiidid to the summit of tho rlmrocka to reconnoitre. When lie? dlsrororoil what hnd taken p'aco be snrT'tRMI that r band of eowboya bad taken lolltv( In Ma qunrtora, a wna their ruiitom, nd that tho Ind iana havlni? (ttiaeko'l thn plare the whltfl rnn won d fondlng It to the bot of their ability. If ivlnir a irronter object In vUivt than tlis ordinary warfnro with Indian, ho alnnbd both nldva to do aint nnrl whllo ths vhlto men did ao out of rewpert for ti e trapner'a Judx tnt-nt IKo Indiana dM so beeauao it tho host thln for them to do. If waa lure In tho forenoon when tho trapper retiirnol with tho young woman. Tho men had burled their clond eomrnd In tho erutlo manner of the burial of th deaert. They had wrapped his holy In hlgilankota and plneed It deep i the Ba'nda and piled the lava roika upon tho prave to pro vent tho prowllnit eoyotea from dla ' Interlnn It. They were aoro at heart over the lora of ono of their bot companions, but thj thoiiRht of the nfetr of tho nlee of tho Lord if The DeHort anil the honor of escort ing her Into his prfsneo, aomewhet mlikatoil tho terror of the blow. Hammersloy had a Kreat task , be fore him. To acquaint I.ylo, tho In vnlld fnthrr. of lil clauRhter'ii pre rnro ami to btltii the dnupliter to tho dbiflKured f:ithor whom ahe belleveJ was dead, waa a trying ordeal for audi a tender hearted man. Then ho felt It Incumbent on hlmaelf to oe ounlnt the cowboys of tho truth of tho whole mnttor of their omployer's prnllt, of tho presence of tho lon lort I.ylo and of tho plans on foot to rlht tho numerous wrongs which had been perpetrated. Ho hnd only entered the apartments of tho invalid that morn ln? hurriedly to oyplnln tho eauao of tho rlilo shotn from the front of tho envern. and to let him know of bis return and to ascertain his Im mediate wants. While .Tames lvlo was maimed and disfigured In body ho atlll possesaed ft clear brntn. And tho brain of tho confined Invalid, whon clear, seems to he brlehtcr thnn tho ordinary. Whetlier tho vlror Intended for tho weak polnta po to tho brain or tho prostrated Invalid concentrates all force upon thla orran, or whatever may bo tho enuso, this often proves true. ITnmmersley needed counsel find, while tho dnnphtor was bricht and poHscssed extraordinary lntelll peneo for ono so younjr, bo decided first to eonsult the oxpei lonced father. Having provided temporary quar , tors for. , tho young woman and re quested the cowboys, to remain un til ho could eonmilt. with them on matters of Importance the trnpner quietly stole away to the Invalid's room. The consultation lasted sev eral hours but when be returned it fid not. tnko-lonc; to berln tho plans formed. ITo went straight to Bertha' and acquainted her with the fact that l:er father still lived, and then eon ducted her to ills presence. Tho scene that followed Is doubtless fa miliar to tho render's Imagination. Tho trapper left them alone together end returning calif d tho mon to pether and made them acquainted with the entire situation, , When these lmrdy men of tho des ert heard the story of the trapper to say that they were Indignant would bo putting It. mildly. They had never suspected trenchery In the myster ious (Hrfnppearnnee of James Lyle and now that the wicked Lord of The Desert, had been proven guilty and Lad also conspired to havo the child murdered by Old Egnn, they were ready to attempt anything. The further mcr.. of tnelr long chnso and the loss of their comrade In the cause did not soften their tempers. They would have gono straight to the si ono house . and deliberately killed Martin Lylo and his colleague, Fol lett. Hut Ilammersley Impressed them that there wacs other work more Important ,1ust at this time. The cowboy of the Oregon desert of those days, like the cowboy of that section today, was a man of intelli gence. Some of them may have been guilty of some hasty committed of fjnse in tho east which was the real cause of their presence In this coun try, but as a rule they were men of ME5 jjESEIST Pa-- .,' w V courage, honor nnd Intelligence. .Tho Ntorv of Janieg Lylo hnd opened ft way not only to puntih Martin Lylo and Follett but Bluo to right thu rontrn dono other persons. It wa decided to innko th work complett, nnd tho cowboys nd the trapper then and there entored Into solemn compact to Elvo ths matter thdr un divided attention until the wrong were routed. For many year ho trapper had been aavlnt hi turnings to make i trip to New York and attempt to carry out the plana of James Lylo. lie bad no other motive than ferret ing out a great wrong and punishing a great crime, and all of this was In spired In him through sympathy for tho Invalid under hia roof. It washU Intention when hla earnings were auf flelent to take some ono Into hla con fidence whom ho could leave In charge of his Invalid friend whllo he waa away, as It would require con alderable time to bfok after the do tclla of tho matter, even should he bo successful In getting a atartlng point. , Hut now that he had three colleagues In the persona of the three cow boys, tho sailing appeared more easy. One of them, Al, IVach, waa especial- AI lk'HCh. ly shrewd and had Lad experience '.n business In tho East, and It waa there fore agreed that iio should make the trip while ono of '.ho other men, Oscar Metasger, should return to tho Btono House, report that all were killed ex cept hlmaelf, and at the same time do a little detective work by "pumping" Lionldaa Liggett, the cook at the Stone House, whom It was thought knew more than ho had ever divulged. Tho third, Julian Dyrd, was to re main about the place for an emerg ency, while Hamiuersloy should pur sue his vocation of trapping as If nothing out of tho ordinary had transpired. Tho following morning every per son act about to perform his re spective portion of the compact CHAPTER XIII. Jim Lylo'a Story. Tho cripple had told Hnmmersley long before, and had repeated to his daughter, the plot Into which he and hla brother had entered to defraud tho elder brother of his inheritance and of tho Lord of The Desert'a sub sequent attempt to put him out of the way. They had soon an advertise ment In a New York paper stating that William Lyle had Inherited a fortune and tho legacy, which con sisted wholly in.cnsh, was ready for delivery upon prooi of tho identity of the person named. They went to New York and Martiri, who somewhat resembled the legal nelr, swore to the rights of William Lyle and Jamea swore to his ldsntlty. the agreement being that thoy should share the ill gotten gains equally. They remained In New York until communication could bo- had with tho courts of Scotland. Tho evidence sent was ao accurate as to details that the money waa eent without hesitation. During their stay in New York they busied themselves looking up the whereabouts of the defrauded brother, who was a dissolute fellow and who had bocome a physical wreck at last accounts. He had mar ried in New York and had one child a boy, and later had drifted to Chicago and then no trace had been hoard of him. Rut they learned that there was a sailor who was Intimately ncqunlnted with the circumstances, but who at tho tme had gone on h long voyage to cea. They had taken tho precaution to find the snlor's ad dress and the cripple had remembered it. It was the purpose in sending AI. Ileach to New York to find this sailor If posslblo and then trace down the rightful heirs to the property, hoping by this moans to bring tho Lord of Tho Desert face to faco with the law and mete out punishment to him. This had been the aole desire of tho cripple and trapper for many years, and they had been working together to carry out the plan prompted by the solo desire that justice bo done. But the part of the story that made tears como to tho eyes .of Bertha fol lowed this. On the return of Jim and The Lord of The Desert to their rnneh where now stands the great Stone House the brothers grew more distant from each other. Scarcely a civil word ever passed be tween them and Martin was continual ly plotting with Dan Follett. One cold winter day while James and Follett were riding the rango they took shelter from a snow storm In a cavern in the rimrocks. Unex pected to James the Canadian ' ap proached him from the rear and gave him a stunning blow across the head with a branding iron which he had carried Into the cavern. Ho repeated the blows until he thought his victim was dead and dumped his body Into a crevasse by the wall of the cavern. It was the following day before James Lyle regained consciousness, and the snow and sleet had blown In from above almost covering his body. His hands and feet were frozen, but not withstanding this condition he climbed out of the crevasse and half walking and half-dragging himself, he started for the ranch to Inform his brother of the murderous assault of the Frenchman. Ho arrived late at night In a blind ing snow storm and waa about to en ter the house when he saw the Frenchman and his brother la earnei.t conversation, and hoard the French man give the details of bis own mur der and saw his brother pay hlu 500 for the deed. . He went to the stables, procured a horse and rode away In the blinding storm. After this S3 lost conscious reus and did not regain It until he found himself in the trapper's home, who had found him and rescued him from the storm on the plains. CHAPTER XIV. Surprises. ; , Dan Follett reached' the Warm Fprlngs village and found the war rlors of this tribe anxious for a raid on the Piute camp. They were large ly In the minority, and of a less war i;ke spirit, but bad suffered much from tho deprodatlons of the greatet tribe. When Dan told the chief that Old Egan had a large number of mules and horses In camp near Ash Butte, and that there were only about 3S men In charge of them, the leader of the Warm Springs band was elated and lost no time In selecting CO of his bravest men and setting out with them on the warpath. Follett adopted the Warm Springs head dross and, al though he needed but little painting, be also did this out of an abundance of precaution that the Snake warriors might not discover him and wreak vengeance upon the Lord of The Des ert for the betrayal. As stated at the beginning of this story, the Snakes wore the most cun ning and most treacherous Indians of the desert. They were feared and dreaded by all other tribes and were rarely ever caught napping on the war trail. After recovering the ad ditional band of pontes for the sup posed murder of BcrihaLyle.OldEgan had only one 60 miles away and de cided to spend a few weeks on th good graslng grounds at the foot of Ash Butte, whore water and game were also abundant He hnd played a clever ruse on the Lord of The Desert When he first had to abandon hope of recapturing Bertha Lyle he was for a time at a loss what to do. But Indian sagacity Is as deep as Indian treachery and a Snake was never known to atop at anything short of accomplishing an end. The Chief knew of the es trangement between the Lord of Tho Desert and the trappr and rumor had gotten abroad among the Indians that the Lord of The Desert had com mitted some crime which was the cause of this estrangement He con cluded after weighing matters care fully, that It would be doubtful If the trapper would permit the girl to go to her uncle and he decided to take his chancea at least In getting the re ward for putting her out of the way before the Lord of The Desert learned of the escape, and then he would take his chances on settling the matter with the man of the Stone House, who dared not push the matter too far for fear of exposure. Searching among his large number of scalps The Canadian gave him a stunning blow. torn from the heads of Immigrant women he had found one that com pared with the color of Bertha Lyle'a hair and rushed on to meet his engage ment with Follett and received the reward without question, as the read er already knows. While the Snakes felt reasonably tafe, yet they guarded their band of stock with care. . The animals were all driven to camp at night and pick ets were kept on the watch to keep them from wandering away or to keep the Lord of The Desert's cow boys from retaking them should ho discover the frsud of the scalp. But cautious as they had been the Warm Springs warriors led by Follett, dashed suddenly upon them In the cover of the darkness of the midnight hour and drove the entire band of an imals away exchanging only a few shots with the surprised guard. "Pretty easy work!" remarked Fol lett to the chief In the latter's tongue, for the half breed knew all of the Indian languages of the plains. "Ugh!" replied the chief pointing back toward Ash Butte.. "Old Egan has hot been sleeping," replied Follett as he .saw a rich flame of fire rise from the summit of the peak and then saw It smothered and flash up alternately. It was nearly noon the following day before the raiders stopped for rest and to prepare a meal. They had Just passed through a canyon and had entered another plateau. A look out was sent to tho top of the rim rocks near at hand to make observa tions. He had barely reached his station when he made hurried slg--als that put the whole camp In tur moil. Two bands -of mounted Piute warriors were approaching from dif ferent diretlons at a rapid speed one was coming from the southeast and the other was coming from the southwest and each of these bands outnumbered the raiders. All was hurly burly In the camn and the meal was finished as they moved along, every warrior taking a piece or mule .meat in his hand and eating It ns they hurried away. The wary Egan had discovered the route taken by the Warm Springs warr-Iors and had signaled his bands, who were coming to Join him accord ingly, and they were at once put upon the trail of the raiders and Old Egan had already Joined the band coming from the southeast In person. (To U continued,) PRESIDENT TO CONGRESS Chief Executive Delivers Annual Message AN ABLE DOCUMENT SPEAKS OUT HIS VIEWS W FORCE- Fl'L LANGUAGE, t - " Favors Revision of Tariff on Some Plan Which WIU Not Disturb the Couhiry Heartily Commends Action Taken In Irrigation Matter-Alaska Should Be Qlvea Needed Laws. , I THE ME5SAQE AT A GLANCE. ) Build lnthmUn cnl. , S & fvrlvct public land law. , & I'rolect same on forts; reerve. m O It A lank a needed k-tllattia. W jg Create a -crutarr of com mere. JS S Extend free rural mall Jelivtry. S g Kittablish reciprocity with Cuba. () Irrliratlun atrt.hould receive aitrn Hon ( Orttuled capital ami organize! labor (i; ( mui.1 work ugier for the good of the & ( nation. , m International arbitration should be (. (J) extended. i) A seueral (latTubould beat the head igj ol he arm y. , & m Filluluo are enjoying greater liberty ( S) than ever before. m j l oiund of corporation nhould be In (ft (t) the hamlaof the government. S llulld up navy toutolc al.le to treat w. () Monroe doctrine an cardinal feature of (., ( our foreign policy. & KevlM) tariff tawt to the extent ottrtift- 5) ! I new demands, but do not jeoi-ur.lue A i the workhiKman or country in general. S 9) All future Hnanclal leKiHUliim .hoiild ( (g look to an fnlorcliangeabie currem-y, & M convertible Into gold al the will of the , S holder. - t mum lorn ssi Washington, Dec. 3. President Roosevelt's annual address to congress was read in both houses yesterday. Following is a synopsis of the docu ment: To the senate and house of representa tives: We still continue in a period of un bounded prosperity. This prosperity la not the creature of law, but un doubtedly the laws under which we work have been instrumental in creating the conditions which made it possible, and by unwise legislation it would be easy enongh to destroy it. There will un doubtedly be periods of depression. The wave will recede, but the tide will advance. This nation is seated on a continent flanked by two great oceans. It is composed of men the descendants of pioneers, or, in a sense, pioneers themselves; of men winnowed out from among the nations of the old world by the energy, boldness and love of adventure found in their own eager hearts. Such a nation, so placed, will surely wrest success from fortune. In my message to the present con gress at its first session I disensesd at length the question of the regulation of those big corporations whicb are popu larly known as trusts. Our aim is not to do away with cor porations; on the contrary, these big aggregations are an inevitable devel opment of modern industrialism, and the effort to destroy them would be futile unless accomplished in ways that would work the utmost mischief to the entire body politic. I believe that monopolies, unjust discriminations, which prevent or crip ple competition, fraudulent overcapi talisation, and other evils in trust or ganisations and practices which injur iously affect interstate trade, can be prevented nnder the power of congress to "regulate commerce with foreign na tions and among the several states." If it prove impossible to enact a law that will regulate these corporations, then, assuredly, we should not ehrink from amending the constitution so as to secure beyond peradventnie the pow er sought. Stability of economic policy must al ways be the prime economic need of this country. This stability should not be fossilization. The country has acquiesced in the wisdom of the pro tective tariff principle. It is exceed ingly undesirable that this system should be destroyed or that there should be violent and radical changes therein. Our paRt experience shows that great prosperity in this country has always come nnder a protective tariff; and that the country cannot prosper under fitful tariff changes at short intervals. It is most earnestly to be wished that we con Id treat the tariff from the standpoint solely of our business needs. Ihe well being of the w age earner, like the well being ot the tiller of the soil, should be treated as an essential in shaping our whole economic policy. There must never be any change which will jeopardize the standard of comfort, the standard of wages of the American wage worker. One way in which the readjustment sought can be reached is by reciprocity treaties. They can be used to widen our mars-eta and to give a greater field for the activities of our producers, on the one hand, and on the other hand to secure in practical shape the lower ing of duties when they are no longer needed for protection among ; our own people or when the minimum of dam age done may be disregarded for the J sake of the maximum of good accomp lished. : It would be both unwise and un necessary at this time to attempt to reconstruct our financial system, which has been the growth of a century; but some additional legislation is, I think, desirable. It is suggested that all future legislation on the subject should be with a view of encouraging the use of such instrumentalities as will auto- I rustically supply every legitimate de mand of productive industries and of commerce, not only In the amount, but in the character of circulation; and of making all kinds of money inter changeable, and, at the will of the holder, convertible Into the established gold standard. How to secure fair treatment alike for labor and capital, bow to hold in check the unscrupulous man, whether employer or employe, without weak ening individual initiative, without hampering and cramping the industrial development of the country, is a prob lem fraught with great difficulties and one which is of the highest Importance to solve on lines of sanity and far sighted common sense as well as de votion to the right. This is an era of federation and combination. Organised capital and oragnized labor alike should remember that in the long run the interest of each mut be brought into harmony with the in terest of the general public; and the conduct of each must conform to the fundamental roles of obedience to the law, of individual freedom and of jus tice and fair dealing toward all. Each should remember that in addition to power it must strive after the realiza tion of healthy, lofty and generous ideals. Every, employer, every wage earner, must be guaranteed bis liberty and his right to do as he likes with bis property or bis labor so long as he does not infringe upon the rights of others. . It is earnestly hoped that the secre tary of commerce may be created, with a seat in the cabinet. The rapid mul tiplication of questions affecting labor and capital, the growth and complexity of the organizations throngh whicb both labor and capital now find ex pression, the steady tendency toward the employment of capital in huge cor porations, and the wonderful strides of this country toward leadership in the international business world justify an urgent demand or the creation of sacb a position. I hope soon to submit to the senate a reciprocity treaty with Cuba. On May 20 Iaet the United States kept its prom ise to the island by formally vacating Cuban soil and turning Cuba over to those whom her own people had chosen as the firkt officials of the new republic. Cuba lies at our doors, and whatever affects ber for good or for ill affects ns also. So much have our people felt this that in. the Piatt amendment we definitely took the ground that Cuba must hereafter have closer relations with us than with any other power. - As civilization grows warfare becomes less and less the normal condition of foreign relations. The last century has seen a marked diminution of wars be tween civilized powers; wars with on civilized powers are largely mere mat ters of international police duty, essen tial for the welfare of the world. Whenever possible arbitration or some similar method should be employed in lien of war to settle difficuties between civilized nations, although as yet the world has not progressed suffkinetly to render it possible or necessarily desira ble to invoke arbitration in every rase. The congress has wisely provided for building at once an isthmian canat, if possible at Panama. . The attorney general reports that we can undoubted ly acquire good title from the French Panama canal company. The work should be carried out as a continuing policy without regard to change of ad ministration; and it should do begun under circumstances which will make it a matter of pride for all administra tions to continue the policy. Of Porto Rico it is only necesaBry to say that the prosperity of the island and the wisdom with which it has been governed have been such as to make it serve as an example of all that is best in insular administration. On July 4 last peace and amnesty were promulgated in the Philippine islands. Some trouble has since from time to time threatened with the Mo hammedan Moros, but with the late insurrectionary Filipinos the war has entirely closed. Civil government has now been introduced. Not only does each Filipino enjoy such rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness as he has never before known during the recorded history of the islands, but the people, taken as a whole, now enjoy a measure of self government greater than that granted to any other Orientals by any foreign power, and greater than that enjoyed by any other Orientals under their own governments, save the Japanese alone. Too much praise cannot be given to the army for what it has done in the Philippines, both in warfare and from an administrative standpoint, in preparing the way for civil government; and similar credit belongs to the civil authorities for the way in which they have planted the seeds ol self government in the ground thus made ready for them. The army has been reduced to the minimum allowed by law. It is very small for the size of the nation, and most certainly should be kept at the highest point of efficiency. A system of maneuvering our army in bodies of some little size has been begun and should be steadily continued. Without such maneuvers it is folly to expect that in the event of hostilities with any serious foe even a small army corps could be handled with advantage. Our officers and enlisted men are such that we can heartily take pride in them, but they must be thoroughly trained, both as individuals and in the mass. In the circumstances of modern warfare the man must act far more on his own individual responsibility than ever before, and the high individual efficiency of the unit is of the utmost importance. I urgently call your attention to the need oi passing a bill providing for a general staff and lor the reorganization of the supply departments on the lines of the bill proposed by the secretary of war last year. For the first time in our history maneuvers on a lager scale are being he!d under the immediate commando! the admiral of the navy. Constantly increasing attention is being paid to the gunnery of the navy, but it Is yet far from what it should be. There should be no halt in the work of building op the navy, providing every year additional fighting craft. We have deliberately made our own certain foreign policies which demand the posseasion of a first class navy. Ibe isthmian canal will greatly in crease the efficiency of cur navy if the navy is of sufficient size; but if we have an inadequate navy, then the building of the canal would be merely giving a hostage to any other power of superior strength. The Monroe doctrine should b treated as the cardinal feature of American foreign policy; but it won Id be worse than idle to assert it unless we intended to back it up, and it can l backed op only by a thoroughly good navy. The striking increase in the revenues of the portoffiie department shows clearly the prosperity of our people and the increasing activity of the business of the country. Rural free delivery service is no longer in the experimental stage; it has become a fixed policy. The results fol lowing its introduction have ful!y justi fied the congress in the large appropria tions made for its establishment and extension. ; Few subjects of greater import ance have been taken up hy the con gress in recent years than the inaugu ration of the system of nationally aided irrigation for the arid regions of the far west. A good beginning therein has been made. Now that this policy of national irrigation has been adopted, the need of thorough and scientific for est protection will grow more rapidly than ever throughout the public land states. Legislation should be provided for the protection of the game, and wild creatures generally, on the forest re serves. The senseless slaughter of game should be stopped at once. It is, for instance, a serious count against our national good sense to permit the present practice of butchering off such a siately and beautiful creature as the elk for its antlers or tusks. So far as they are available for agri en! ture, and to whatever extent they may be reclaimed under the national irrigation law, the remaining public lands should be bold rigidly for the homebuilder, the settler who lives on his land, and for no one else. In their actual use, the desert land law, the timoerand stone law, and the com mutation clause of the homestead law have been so perverted from-the inten tion with which they were enacted as to permit the acquisition of large areas of the public domain for other than actual settlers and the consequent pre vention of settlement. Moreover, the approaching exhaustion of the public ranges has of late led to much discus sion as to the best manner of using these public lands in the west which are suitable chiefly or only for grazing. In view of the capital importance of these matters, it might be well for a commission of experts to investigate and report upon the complicated ques tions involved. I especially urge upon the congress the need of wise legislation for Alaska. It is not to our credit as a nation that Alaska, which has been onrs for 35 years, should still have as poor a sys tem of laws as is the case. It is a ter ritory of great size and varied re sources, well fitted to support a large, permanent population. Alaska needs a good land law and such provisions for homesteads and pre-emptions as will encourage permanent settlement, We shonld shape legislation with a view not to the exploiting and abandoning of the territory, but to the building np of homes therein. The forests should be protected, and, as a secondary, but still important matter, the game also. Laws should be enacted to protect the Alas kan salmon fisheries against the greed which would destroy them It would be well if a congressional committee could visit Alaska and investigate its needs on the-ground. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. White House Dec 2, 1902. WOES OF THE MINERS. Strike Commission Listening to Evidence ol Men Themselves. - i; Soranton, Pa , Dec. 5. At yester day's session of the Anthracite strike commission the representatives of the mineworkers continued to call 'witness es, mostly practical mineworkers, who told their story of conditions as they exist in the Hazleton, or middle, coal fields. The miners tried to show by these witnesses that the Coxe and other companies had violated the agreement entered into by both sides when the commission was appointed, that the strikers should return to work and be given their old places back where they had not already been filled. Some of the witnesses called testified that they were not given back their old places, and maintained that the men promin ent in the union in the various localities during the strike ' were discriminated against. The commission has decided to invite the mine inspectors to appear before them, because the miners assert that the workmen fear to inform the mine inspectors of dangerous or un healthy places in the mines, because the inspectors are usually accompanied in the mines by some representative of the company, who may cause the man's discharge. This is a new point before the commission. To Lay Pacific Cable.' San Francisco, Dec. 6. The Brituh steamer Silvertown, which is to lay the cable between this city and Honolulu, arrived here today from London, after a voyage of 80 days. NEWS OF OREGON ITFttS OP INTEREST FROM ALL PARTS OP THE STATE. Prosperous Southern Oregon Mine Real Estate Transfers in Marlon County In creasing Aged Man 56 Hours With out Food or Shelter Benton County tio- Discovered with Jaundice. A luonltry show will be held in Al- ' ban)Decerober 22, 23 and 24. A masked man held np the post office at Springwater, Clackamas county, but secured only 60 cents. The Northern mining and milling company has been organized at Oregon City with'a capital stock of $1,000,000. The board of trustees of the Oregon insane asylum have added Dr. A.E. Tamie?sie as a physician to the medical staff at the asylum. The suspension of timber land entries until they can be investigated is much broader than at first acconnt given out. It embraces all of the offices in Oregon, Washington and California. Notice has been received at Albany from the postoffice department that the site for the Albany postoffice has been leased for 10 years. The building will be enlarged and remodeled throughout D. A. Applegate has been awarded the contract for carrying the mails daily between Ashland and Klamatq Falls for $4,600. The contract begins December 22, 1902, and runs until June 30; 1906. A scheme has been foiled at Hunting ton to secure several large tracts of public lands by Iraud. The officers were watching the case, and at the appointed time of hearinz the nrin- cipals failed to show np, having re ceived notice that they were being watched. The Willamette paper and puln com pany and the Crown paper company, of Oregon City, have practically com pleted arrangements for the establish ment of apparatus permitting them to use crude oil for fuel in tbnir mills. Contiacta have been made with a Cali fornia company to supp.y oil. . Much local, interest is being maai 'ested in the city elections throughout the state, which occur from December 1 to April 1. Several cities have three tickets in the field. Hosea Stokes, aged 78 years, became lost in the woods at Looking Glass, Southern Oregon, where he resides, and when found had been 56 hours without food or shelter. A case of jaundice Las been found in a hog killed by a Benton county farmer. Mrs. Bride Sinnott, widow of the late N. B. Sinnott. died at her hnma in Tl,. Dalles Sunday afternoon. Mrs. Sinnott was one of the most widely known pioneer residents of that section of the state. , Prospects are verv enconrncinar in tti gold mining district in the Santiam country. Considerable development work is being done and new macninery installed. A smelter will be Bhinnod in early next summer. The Greenback mine, on Grave creek, Southern Oregon, has a new 20-stamp mill completed and ready to begin a much larger business that it has been able to do in the past. Over 50 tons of ore will be crushed daily. Nearly 300 people are supported by the Greenback mine, the houses of which have made a thriving little town with a store, hall and schoolhouse. The town is known as Greenback and has recently been made a postoffice. PORTLAND MARKETS. Wheat WallaWalla, 7172c; bine stem 7P80c; valley, 74o. Barley Feed, $23.50 per ton; brew ing, $24.00. Flour Best grade, 3.803.90; grah am, $3.203.60. Millstuffs Bran, $19.00 per ton; middlings, $23.50; shorts, $19.50; chop, $18. . - Oats No. 1 white, fl.15f31.17J' gray, fl.12J.f31.15 per cental. Hay Timothy, f 1011; clover, $9.00; cheat, $89 per ton. Potatoes Best Burbanks, 6050c per sack; ordinary, 6055o per cental. growers' prices; Merced sweets. $1.75(3 $2 per cental. Poultry Chickens, mixed, $3.00(a 4,25; per pound, 10c; hens, $44.50 per dozen; per pound, 10c; springs, $3.00 3.oU per dozen; Iryers, $2.603.C0; broilers, $2.00(32.50; ducks, $5.00 6.00 per dozen ; turkeys, live, 13c, dressed, 15c; geese, $6.006.50. Cheese Full . cream, twins, 150 16Jc; Young America, 16 J17J ; factory prices, lljc less. Butter Fancy creamery, 30(3 32 J. o per pound; extras, 30c; dairy, 20 22Jc; store, 1518. Egga 25 30c per dozen. Hops New crop, 2326c per pound. Wool-Valley, 12J.15c; Eastern Oregon, 814Jc; mohair, 2628c. Beef Gross, cows, 333jVe per pound; steers, 4c; dressed, 6Q7c. Veal 7J8Kc. Mutton Groes, 3c per pound; dressed, 6c. , Lambs Gross, SJc per pound; dressed, 6Jc Hogs Gross, 6Ji8J$c per pound; dressed, 7Q7Je.