Newspaper Page Text
HAS TKKEE T1.V.3 T,:2 C:ilAT:..1 CP ANY PAPER W THE COUNTY. ' FublUhed Every Thursday by S. A; Pattlson KdlUir and I'rojirUWr, AOTERT1IIKO RATES. rTofecadonal card I 1 no MtMoetk I One tqutr 1 so jr bsobOi '.uv-quwuiriKiiainn ., moaiH, One-halt column. 00 yit moaiit One Column . lU.ua uamnmk CBICtllrTION BATKR. CM fiml (la fc.JviftOr) J'-.M Haul paid in advance la munthi Three monthi SUlllS Copies nio uu win d cnarrea at 10 CwtlU nof line lor first insertion and a ceau hi Una thereafter. r lettl arfvartiiinmenta vlll In .11 w. Charged to the party ord-rlng them, at lfal ana paia wr before affidavit it urnbijoO. . )A -ia, 4h Ly THE OmCUL AND LEAOINQ PAPER OP GILLIAM COUNTY. . 1 . : VOL. XIII. CONDON. GILLIAM CO.. OREGON. THURSDAY. DECEMBER 17. 1003. n. 41 Entered at the mtnrnoe at Condon, Oregon as second-vlaa mall mailer. W. BNoYKft, ATTORXEY-AT'LAW. Will practli-a In all tha fi.iirti ul Oresnn, 01' M9 door north ul imnn tiros, more. CONDON, OltKUON IW.bAKLINU. i. ATTORXEY-AT-LAW. Notary Public and Convcjancer. CONDON, ORF.OON g A. rATTIHOJr. NOTARY PUBLIC. Office In (Hot Building. CONDON, OREGON J. r. WOOD, M, I). PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Ijr And Night Call. I'ruinptly Aunwared. Office ltownlng llulldliig, Hprlng Street, CONDON, OltKUON JjK. 8. K. Ll'NA. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Day ami NlgM Call Promptly Attended. Oftlo MtMmd iliMir xitith of Cundon Pharmacy MAIN BTItKfcT, ('ONlH)N, OHEdON T. L. KICK MM. DENTIST. Office Over Wilson Pharmacy. CONDON, OREGON C. S. PALMER. : Artistic Barber " SLEEK SHAVES HAIR-CUTS Razors Honed and Re-Ground CONDON, OREGON. Oregon SiiojriiiNE Axo union Pacific 3 TRAINS EAST DAILY Through Pullman standard and tour ist d1ch))1iik earn daily to Onuihu, Chi cago, rSpoknne ; tourist sleeping car daily to Kaunas city ; through l'liUnum tourist nliM'jiiiijj cars (personally conducted) weekly to Chicago, and Kansas City, riH'linuig chair curs (.seats free) to the Kaat daily. Ocean steamers between Portland and Ban Francisco every live duya. LOW RATES! Tickets to and from all parts of the United States, Canada and Europe. Far particulars call on or address D. TIERNEY, Agent Arlington, Oregon 0. R. S M. TIME TABLE Trains Depart from Arlington EAST BOUND No. 2 Chicago Special 2:00 P M No. 4 Spokane Flyer 12:40 A M No. 6 Mail & Express , 1 :20 A W WEST BOUND No. 1 Portland Special ..12:12 P W No. 8 Portland Flyer 3:05 A M No. 11 Mail & Express 3:54 A M D. TIERNEY, Agent, Arlington, Or. 7v TTfvN r f I 1 11 The Contrabandist; OR . , , One Life's CtlAPTICU XVIlL-KCominufd.) Thi'y rciichi'd Parla and dlmrtly wero ptullllii'i a lu auotlu'r hoiim, at tho llutt l tie Clslrvlllo. Ilure the klinl licurl l Couut Krcilrrlc nd hin amiatilu wif (ouemttilaiod tlii'iiiBclvci tijioti having KiitutTed toKi'tlnT no liii'T a family pur ty; and do (mine were aparvd to con tribute to the cnjoj riii nt of i-ach. lto had Di'Vfr been lu l'urla before; it ajili'ii dora aud gnlfllra were novel and plvaainj; to her. liut ivi-ry id Joy incut had li rhlcf aoiirce from tlio inncooe of I.ouIk; iiolblnu wa roiiiiilt'te If lie wrro not at llxr alilo to ahare In her plaaurii and it clmrmi'd lilm to perceive thin. "You ahall dwell hero, aoiiie day, my Uoi," he uld to her, vlih hi own brlifht miillo that the young girl loved ao well. And nhft mulled in return; while Ileh-n MoutaubuQ tn rued away, with a dark gleam In her even a darker frown on that aplvndld brow. "Home day! How little," ld the haughty womiin, mentally, "how little do they dream that the will of another i to exercUo authority tbeu! They count conlidently on their future upon the fate that In awaiting them. Ab, It they knew what It la to be-that fate!" Now that 1'arU waa gulued, he wa nearer to her purpose, aud the fierce im patienee ahe had felt tiibaided aa lio approached to the consummation of that purpoite. Not becnuiw ahe quailed, or ahrauk from It, hut that now idle was ablo to' contemplate It more nearly to look upon her revenge aa almoNt aecotu pllahed, and ahe waa content to wait yet longer. ' "Helen, yon arc 111, I think," laid Fran cla ICgertou In alarm. She had been ulttlng In the same atti tude for a full hour, with her head rent ing on her hand, nnd those dark, calm cyca fixed on tho floor. Hot her lips were very pale, and her faee marble white. "You are 111, Helen," he repeated, gent ly, bendlug over to attract her attention, and laying IiIm baud on hera. But the ley eoldacaa of that band chilled and atartled him. "Y'ou are not quite right, my lord," the answered; "for 1 am not ill exactly, and yet I am not well. I have merely a se vere headache." And ahe preyed her hand to her brow. "A headache la that all? Nay, you are feverlnh, for now your cheekg are burning. Let nie auk your father to aend for a phyaiclaln. Y'ou may, perhnpt, have taken tho fover which 1 prevailing in the city. Dear Helen, be advised!" "Francia, I command you to remain where you are," aald Mmlemolncllo Mon tauban, imperatively. "I have assured you that I am not ill, and I do not wtah either to attract attention or to interfere with the enjoyment of oilier. Since you are bo anxious, I ahall endeavor to rest awhile In my own apartment, and may regain my usual spirits by evening, in whch case I will rejoin the family. Pre sent my excuse to them, If you please." She left him aud ascended to her cham ber. Night came. The rct of the family were to attend the opera. Helen Mon tauban assigned a aevere headache aa her reason for not accompanying them, and remained at home. From the case ment of her room she looked- down and satv the carriago roll away from the gates. I An hour afterwards there emerged from the hotel a youth, wearing a broad hat slouched over his eyes ami a cloak, which ho drew about him. half concealing bis faco with It folds. Ho looked back with a hurried, nervous glance as he gained tho portal. "No one has seen me," he muttered, "and the rest is suflliiontly easy." At a rapid pace ho hastened on. It was dark; but tho lamps in the streets poured a Hood of light along his way nt he proceeded, and crowds of pedestrians passed him anil the way was thronged with carriages aud vehicles of every de scription. He only drew his hat further over his eyes, arranged the folds of the cloak so as more fully to hide his fea tures, and hurried along, passing from one street to another, nnd never lookin? nt a single face in all the jostling multi tude about him. At length, lu a retired street, he reach ed the door of a building, half shop, half dwelling; At this door he knocked. A domestic appeared, bearing n light, which she held up to survey the features "of the youth; but ho shrunk further back Into the shadow, and gathered the fold of the cloak more closely about htis face as he asked, in a low and somewhat hoarse voice: "Is the alchemist at home?" "He Is, monsieur. Will you come in?" The youth entered, the woman looking at him with a half-curious glance for an instant; but then muttering to herself, "Well well, I need not trouble my head; he Is not the first mask that has come hither," she added aloud: ,"This way, monsieur; you will find my muster in here," and led the way through the room into which ho had entered from the street to a back one, opening from tho first. Here was an old man, bent half double, seated at a table, and engaged In poring over a rich and curious volunua of an tique appearance. About the apartment were arranged, in different .places, vari ous stuffed figures of animals, and some of them reptiles so hideous as to send an involuntary Bhtver over the boy as he be held them. Strange and horrible forms were everywhere about him; he turned from contemplating them in disgust. The old man laid aside his book and looked up. "You want me? well, what is it?" he said, leaning back in his chair, and re garding his guest closely with the pierc ing dark eyes that scorned still darker and more piercing from tho bushy, snow white brows that overhung them. The youth spoke not, nor removed the cloak from his face; but silently advanc ing, presented a folded paper to the old man. - He received and glanced over it. A slight frown darkened over his face, and again he fixed on the boy that same searching glance. "You do not want me, but my wife," ' ii i A TRUE STORY OF THE SOUTH OF FRANCE Secret! he said. "I touch not such matters this," and he handed back the paper. Then going to a auial! door In the wall, be o"m.''l It and called, "Uiaura J!i anca." , An Instant and there appeared at this door a tall, dark-luuking yet splendidly handsome woman, with a brunette com plexion, magnificent black eyes and a no ble and commanding form. Those eyea were fixed upon the uiuflled figure and half-concealed face of the stranger. "Itlnnca," said the old man, "here is one who has need of your aervlces." "What do yon want?" asked the wom an, lu the sweetest and most musical of voices, as she came forward, with her glance still fastened on the youth "what do you want?" He gave her the paper, which she pe rused. Then regarding him closely once again, ahe said; "Follow me, and I will obtain for yon what you desire.' Without further speech, ah crossed to the opposite aide of the room, to where a chintt curtain hung before a low arch way; lifting this, ahe passed through, and beckoned to him. He followed. They were now in a kind of large closvt, which contained two or threo chairs, a circular table covered with hoxca and vials of different sizes and shapes. Tho woman seated herself be fore this table, over which was burning a brazen lamp, pendant from the wall. She motioned to tho youth to take another near her. He did so. "Io you know," ahe aald, reading the contents of the paper again, "what it is that you wish for?" "Yea. Hasten; I must have it!" .A purse of gold was flung upon the table before her. She saw the glitter strike through Its meshes and smiled. "Y'ou know the worth of your wish. There Is but one physician, I believe, now living who Is acquainted with the secret of this drug." The youth shuddered visibly. His dark, burning eyes were fixed upon the face of the woman. , "Y'ou doubtless know the effect of it?" she asked next, as she opened a small casket of solid Iron, which stood among other boxes on the table. "I do." If her luteution had been to penetrate the boy'a disguise, or to hear the tones of his voice, ahe waa bullied. She abandon ed the attempt, therefore and proceeded to take from the casket certain vials, nearly all of which were filled with some liquid. Perhaps twelve of these were re moved, and the casket appeared entirely empty; when, touching a secret spring, a false bottom was removed, disclosing three smaller vials lying side by side in separate compartments. The one lying In the center she took up; it was filled with a fluid colorless as water. The boy bent forward, breathing heav ily, his burning glance fixed eagerly upon It. He stretched out his hand to' take it; that hand was small and fine and lily white. The woman saw it, but her quick eyes were Instantly fixed upon the vial again. "No no!" she said, calmly. "This con tains a hundred times the quantity you want. A single drop Is sufficient to rid you of your worst enemy your rival, if you have one. The youth shuddered again; nnd she marked well the shudder, but there was nothing strange to her In it. She recog nized the feelings actuating him; she was accustomed to these things, and did not seem to observe his emotion. Selecting a small vial from a box of empty ones beside her, she measured out nnd poured into it a very small quantity of the lluid; then stopping the mouth of this vial tightly, she melted a piece of wax and sealed It over. "Here is the drug. A death warrant is in your hands," she said finally, giving it to the youth. He grasped It eagerly; the fingers that clutched it trembled. Pointing to the purse which he had thrown upon the ta ble, be thrust the vial into his breast, passed through the archway, through sthe outer room, and gaining the passage, once more-entered the street. Cool and damp the night air swept over his burning forehead. With a deep drawn breath he hurried ou, still grasping the fragile vial containing' that death po tion, nnd escaping fearfully ' from the neighborhood where it had been obtained. Knch moment ho turned his head to ace that no one followed him; for he was in possession of that which might, iu more ways than o'ae, prove dangerous to its owner; and the scrutiny of those splendid eyes haunted him. But besides himself, not a soul traversed the now silent and deserted street. Yet he shivered with strong excitement. With rapid nnd al most noiseless steps, he hurried on. And the Italian, Bianca, looking forth an instant after tho slight figure that flit ted ou tbrough the gloom, turned again to the room In which sat the aged alchemist. "Yon gave the boy his drug, Bianca?" ho asked, raising his head. "Yes yes! but I tell yon, it was a wom an's heart that throbbed beneath that mantle; a woman's hand and a beautiful one, too that paid nie in yellow coin. See!" and she tossed the heavy purse to her husband; "there is the reward the price for which I have sold the life of another mortal! How many are entered on my list now, I wonder?" She laugh ed bitterly, and then a deep, despairing groan followed the laugh. And along the streets of Paris at mid night, sped the figure of that boy; on on, with nervous aud shuddering haste, still clasping the fatal vial. Till, nt length, the Hotel do Clairville is gained once more, and unseen, unheard, he glides si lently in, and stealing up the stairs, en ters a chamber, and securing the door, flings aside the disguise of that night's guilt. And Helen Montaubnn stands re veuledl CHAPTER XIX. A month had been passed in Paris, and the party were preparing for a return to the chateau, with the exception of Louis, who was to remain here some three weeks longer, and then follow them, so as to reach the residence of his oncle a day or two before the wedding ceremony, which was to take place on the first day of the mailing month. It waa a wild, dark, stormy night when the carriage of the marqui approached once more the neigh hohood of the Cha teau Montauban. The tempest raged with UrribU fuiyi the darkness was that of the murkiest midnight. All along tha forest road, the glaut tree skirting the way creaked and groaned aa if almost with human agony, and the tossing of their mighty anus, Bun in the gloom. waa yet heard wKu dreadful distinct ness; while, to add to tha impression of awe that kept each of our travelers silent the deep and mournful wailing of the on chained winds ahiiMt took the sonnd of human voices shriei'-i In desnalr. - An inward horror J-leo Mouuul lixia voices setJhV (i utter ber name io wan ionn upon me nignt tne awrui secret over which she brooded; to de nounce ber with the tones of fiends, and declare her g'lilty-a murderess! A band, una II and trembling, and icy cold, was laid on hers. With a faint, shuddering cry upon her lips, she started, and then sank back again, almost faint ing. It was no spirit's touch, but the touch of poor little Kose herself, who, cold with terror, nestled up to her com panion, anl sought the frien lly clasp of her hand, to re-assure ber own sinking neart. "Ah, dear Helen, what is It diJ I frighten you?" anxiously asked the young girl. "What is it-wbat is It?" uttered the rest, eagerly. Ang;rH t her own weakness and want of self-command, even while she still shuddered from head to foot, Mademoi selle Montauban made some hasty apolo gy, and relapsed into silence again. Won dering at her strange manner, Itose, too, shrank within herself once more. And the tempest raved more wildly yet Onward pressed the drenched horses, over the rough, uneven road, that threat ened every moment, with jagged ruts and scattered stumps aud rocks, which could not be avoided for the darkness, to overturn the carriage. It jolted tearfully. The utmost care was insufficient to guard against danger. If the fain had not pour ed so violently, all would have preferred walking the remainder of the distance to remaining Id the carriage. They proceed ed slowly and with difficulty. "Helen," the marquis said, kindly, "I think we arc almost at home now. Rose, my poor little darling, you are sadly alarmed, I fear!" And be took her little, cold bund in bis own. "How cold you are! Francis, hand me my cloak, which is somewhere beside you. That is it." He wrapped it tenderly about her, drawing the immense and heavy folds closely to gether. But the words were arrested upon her lips by a fearful sound1 that drew the attention of all. Torn by the force of the tempest from their trunks, the sturdy limbs of the overhanging trees were thrown with .furlourrtrce" along their path, striking the carriage, and falling upon the frightened beasts, who, mad dened with pain and terror, sprang for ward, leaping wildly over the obstacles in their way and dashing the vehicle from side to side with a violence that every in stant threatened destruction to those within. The reins were toru from the hands of the paralyzed driver, and drag ged about the feet of the terrified ani mals, over whom there was no longer control. Still the carriage swajed to and fro, aud death seemed to alt the si lent, stricken party within at every mo ment inevitable. The moment was one of awful suspense; but that suspense was not destined to be prolonged. Sud denly, in their blind course, the horses stumbled, the carriage swung on one side, and was dashed to the earth. "Helen Rose my children!" called the voiceof the marquis, "are you hurt?" There ""as no answer. The voices of the Count de Clairville and Francis Eg erton alone were heard. "Adele!" cried the count to his wife, "I cannot see you; speak to me tell me that you are uninjured!" "Ah, my wrist it is broken, I believe!" uttered the countess, in a tone of pain. "But that is nothing; where are those dear children? If one could but see!" "Helen Rose!" called the marquis again, in agony. "Ah, for lights!" With the utmost difficulty and danger as well, from their close neighborhood to the hoofs of the struggling and kicking horses, the gentlemen extricated their compauions and themselves from the ve hicle in the darkness. Furiously the rain poured down, drenching them to the skin in an Instant. All, however, were found to be safe, exceptiug Mademoiselle Mon tauban and Rose, neither of whom be trayed the least sign of consciousness. It was too dark to distinguish their fea tures. A faint sigh breathed from the lips of Helen. Supported by the arm 'of Lord Egcrton, she endeavored to rise to her feet. Aa almost Inaudible thanksgiving escaped from him. She avas safe. . Did not this woman repent, in that moment, when her owu life wns spared, the wick ed design that she had entertained? No never for a single moment! "Where is Rose?" she ased, hoarsely, and with a strange, unnatural voice. A wild hope darted through her brain. Had death anticipated her? Poor child! lying senseless in the arms of the marquis, no sound reached her now. Alike insensible to the pain of that hour, or to the falling rain that saturated her clothing yet failed to revive her, she lay there moveless aud silent. (To be continued.) (ieels Mnst. Mrs. Upton I saw Mr. Newton bow ing with the most courtly grace to a very commonplace woman. He's a gentleman of the old school, Isn't he?" Mr. Upton No, a geutleman of the new school. "New school?" "Yes. He lives In the suburbs, and that was his cook." New York Week ly.' -. ' ' Unprecedented Thou htfnlness. Mr. Gnsper-I am going to have the courts look Into the siinlty of that mau who lives next door. Mrs. Gasper Why? Mr. Gasper Well, he's taking les sons on & horn nnd told me If his play ing annoyed us he would give up learn ing. Ohio State Journal. Cured Now. She Have you ever beeu in love? He Oh, yes, I have had all the child ish diseases mumps, whooping cough, aud all the rest. Somervllle Journal PRESIDENT - TO. CONGRESS Chief Executive Sends Alessre to People's Lawmakers HANDLES AUTXERS BEFORE PUBLIC Favors Lewis and Clark Exposition Undesirable Class of Immigrants Should be Kept Out Ap point Commission to Inquire Into Needs of Ship pingExtend Rural Free Delivery Better Legis lation for Alaska Panama Canal Question. WASHINGTON, Dec. T. President RooBivelt's meaaoge to Congreaa waa read before the Senate and House today. Tbe text nf the nttuuur fotWtws: To the Semite and House of Representa tives: The country Is to be congratulated on Am..n Af aiiVintfintiui fto htevfiment which has marked the past year, both as regards our foreign and aa regards our domestic poucy. With a nation aa with a man the most Important things are those ot the house- h.t( avi 1hnrtr,rm ,h OAlintrV iS MM" clally to be congratulated on what has been accomplished tn the direction of pro viding tor the exercise of supervision over the great corporations and combinations of corporations engaged in Interstate com merce. The Congress has created the De- r.artnmt nr rjimm,rf, inn I .H mil . uiuiuu- lng the Bureau of Corporations, with for publicity of such proceedings of these . km- hn. tha great corporations aa iu v"""- rinkl tn lrnno It haa nrovldad for the expediting of aulta for the enforcement of the Federal anti-trust law; ana uy an other law It haa secured equal treatment a All niu4ii.AiMi In tha transDortatlon Of their goods, thua taking a long stride forward In making enecuve tne wora. the Interstate Commerce Commission. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES Indications Are That tho Surplus of the Present Year Will Be Small. : From all source, exclusive of the pos tal service, the receipts of the Government ,k lant flufti vast ttezreffated S560.396.- 674. The expenditures for the same period were XjOS.osa.wi. me surplus ior me iibom year being $54,297,667. The indications are that the aurplus for the preaent fiscal year will be very small, If Indeed there be any aurplua. A large surplus as cer- ..ir.iv unripalrnhl- Two rears afro the war taxes were jaken off with the express intention oi equalizing me wivernmcnuu uolnta anil Ynpnrlitura and though the first year thereafter still showed a surplus It now seems likely that a substantial equality of revenue and expenditure will be attained. Such being the case It Is of ........ . nnmnt tilth til AYPrrlftA P Tft S fill economy tn appropriations, and to scan sharply any change in our fiscal revenue system which may reduce our income. The Integrity of our currency is Deyona question, and under present .conditions It would be unwise and unnecessary to att imni roennst ruction of our entire mone tary system. The same liberty should be granted the Secretary of the Treasury to deposit the customs receipts as la granted him In tha rlenns.lt of recelDta from Other sources. In my message of December 2, 1902, I called attention to certain neeas oi the financial situation, and I again ask the consideration of the Congress for these questions. FRAUDS IN PUBLIC SERVICE. Appropriations Urged to Investigate Land and Postal Affairs. In my last annual message. In connec tion with the subject of the due regula tion of combinations of capital which are or may become injurlous-to the public, I recommend a special appropriation for the better enforcement of the antitrust law as It now stands, to be expended under the direction of the Attorney-General. Ac- ;ordlngly (by the legislative, executive and judicial appropriation act of February 25, 1903, 33 Stat., 8o4. 904); the Congress ap propriated, for the purpose of enforcing the various Federal trust and interstate- commerce laws, the sum of 1300,000 to be expended under the direction of the Attorney-General In the employment of spe cial counsel and agents In the Department of Justice to conduct proceedings and prosecutions under said laws in the courts of the United States. I now recommend, as a matter of the utmost importance and urgency, the extension of the purposes of this appropriation, so that It may be available, under the direction of the Attorney-General, and' until used, for the due enforcement of the laws of the United States In general and especially of the civil and criminal laws relating to public lands and the laws relating to postal crimes' and offenses and the subject of naturalization. . Recent investigations have shown' a deplorable state of affairs In these three matters of vital concern. By various frauds and by forgeries and perjuries, thousands ot acres of the pub lic domain, embracing lands of different character and extending through vari ous sections of the country, have been dishonestly acquired. RURAL FREE-DELIVERY SERVICE System Must Be Extended, and Sal aries of Carriers Adjusted. The rural free delivery service has been steadily extended. The attention of the Congress is asked to the question ot the compensation of the letter carriers and clerks engaged In the postal service, especially on the new rural free-delivery routes. More routes have been Installed since the first of July last than in any like period In the department's history. W hile a due regard to economy must be kept in mind In the establishment of new routes, yet the extension of the rural' free delivery system must be continued, for reasons of sound public policy. No Gov ernmental movement of recent years has resulted In greater Immediate benefit to the people of the country districts. LEWIS AND CLARK EXPOSITION Congress Should Give It Support as Well as Recognition. I trust that the Congress will continue to favor In all proper ways the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. This exposition commemorates the Louisiana purchase, which was the first great step in the ex pansion which made us a continental Nation. The expedition ot Lewis and Clark across the continent followed there on, and marked the beginning ot the process of exploration and colonization which thrust our National boundaries to the Pacific. The acquisition of the Oregon Country, including the present States of Oregon and 'Washington, was a fact of Immense Importance in our history; first giving ua our place on the Pacific sea board, and making ready the way for our ascendency In the commerce of the- great est of the oceans. The centennial of our establishment upon the Western Coast by the expedition of Lewis and Clark, is to be celebrated at Portland. Or., by an Exposition Id the Summer of 130S; and this event should receive recognition and sup port from the National Government. DEVELOPMENT OF ALASKA. Legislation Is Needed and the Survey . of. Public Landa Urged. I call your special attention to the Ter ritory of Alaska. The country Is develop ing rapidly, and It has an assdred future. The mineral wealth Is great and has as yet hardly been tapped. The fisheries, tf wisely handled and kept under National control, will be a business as permanent as any other, and of the utmost Import ance to the peeple. The forests. If properly guarded, will form another great source of wealth. Portions of Alaska are fitted for farming and atockralstng-, although the methods must be adapted to the peculiar. conditions of the country. Alaska la attuateri In tha ITa. . ... - . .a, uu i so are Norway and Sweden and Finland; ana Aiasxa can prosper and play Its part in the New World Just as those nations have prospered and nlavtvl their no,. the Old World. Proper land laws should oe enactea ana the survey of the public lands Immediately begun. Coal-land laws shold be provided wherahv tha entryman may make his location and se- i-uns paiem unaer metnoas kindred to those now prescribed for homestead and mineral entrvmen. Ralmnn hatr.hai-i.a in clusively under Government control. suuma oe estaousnea. The cable should be extended from Sitka lest ward. Wagon roads and trails shnnM 1m h,,iu .,. building of railroads promoted in all le gitimate ways. Lighthouses ahould be uuni aiong ine coast. HAWAII. Greater Power Should Be Vested In the Governor. T reonmmanrl that an enm.n,atnn V. made for hnlMIno' 1lirhth,itAA in -u..ii and taking possession of those already uuiil. im lorruory snouia oe reimDursed for whatever amounts It has already ex pended for Utrhthonaea The. ruomnr should be empowered to suspend or re- muv any omciai appointed Dy mm with out submitting the matter to the Legis lature. INSULAR POSSESSIONS. Philippines Should Be Knit Closer by Tariff Agreements. Of our insular nniuHfltAn, tha Ohtitn. Pines and Porto Rlr-n it la mtiMn. t . D ... . V say that their steadv nmirMi h heen such as to make it unnecessary to spend raucn lime in discussing them. Yet the Congress should, ever Veep In mind that a peculiar obligation rests upon us to further in every way the welfare of these communities. The Philllppines should be knit closer to ua by tariff ar rangements. PUBLIC LANDS. Necessity for Revision of the Laws Is Pointed Out. The cash receipts of the General Land Office for the last fiscal year were $11,024,743.65, an increase of J4.762,816.47 over the preceding year. Of this sum. approximately, X8.461.493 will go to the credit of the fund for the reclamation of arid land, making the total of this fund, up to the 30th of June, 1903, ap proximately, $16,191,836. Experience has shown that In the Weft ern States themselves, as well as In the rest of the country, there is widespread conviction that certain ot the public-.and laws and the resulting- administrative practice no longer meet the present r.ceds. The character and uses of the remaining public lands differ widely from those of the public lands which the Congress had especially In view when these laws were passed The rapidly Increasing rats of dispose of the public lands la not fol lowed by a corresponding Increase In home-building. There Is a tendency to mass in large holdings public lands, es pecially timber and grazing lands, and thereby to retard settlement. I renew and emphasise my recommendation of laft year that so far as they are available fcr agriculture In Its broadest sense, aiu' to whatever extent they may be reclal.ood urder the national Irrigation "aw, the re maining public lands should be held rigidly for the home-builder. The atten tion of the Congress is especially dirf cted to the timber and stone law, the desert land law, and the commutation clause of the homestead law, which In their oper ation have in many respects conflicted with wise public-land policy. The discus sions In the Congress and elsewhere have made It evident that there Is a wide di vergence of opinions between those holc" Ing opposite views on these subjects; r-cd that the opposing sides have strong snd convinced representatives of weight brth within and without the Congress; the dif ferences being- not only as to matters of opinion, but as to matters of fact. The work of reclamation or tne and lands of the West Is progressing steadily and satisfactorily under the terms of the law setting aside the proceeds from the disposal ot public lands. The corps of engineers known as the reclamation service, which is conducting the surveys and examinations, has been thoroughly organized, especial pains being taken to secure under the civil service rules a body of skilled, experienced and efficient men. Surveys and examinations are progressing throughout the arid states and territories, plans for reels iming works be ing prepared and passed upon by boards of engineers before approved by the Sec retary of the Interior. In -Arizona and Nevada, In localities where Buch work Is pre-eminently needed, construction has al ready been begun. In other parts of the arid ,West various projects are well ad vanced towards the drawing up of con tracts, these being delayed In part by necessities of reaching agreements or un derstanding aa regards rlht ot way or acqulnltlon of real tmtnta. PRESERVATION OF FORESTS. Need There. f Is Recognized Now as Never Before. The study of the opportunities of recla mation of the vast extent of arid land shows that whether this reclamation la done by Individuals, corporations, or the state, the sources of watr supply must be effectively protected and the rervo!re guarded by the preservation of the for ests at the headwaters of the streams. The engineers making the preliminary ex amlnations continually emphasize this need and urge that the remaining publio lands at the headwaters of the Important streams of the west be reserved to In sure permanency of water supply for ir rigation. Much progress In forestry haa been made during the pant year. The ne cealty , lor perpetuating oar forest re sources, whether tn public or private hands. Is recognized now as never be fore. The demand for forest reaervea haa become Insistent in the West, because the West roust use the water, wood and Sum mer range Whleh otllv anrh r,trv, aw supply. The admin istrative features of forest reserves are ai nraaant iinxntfafn ctrtir hj.fr.. Imjjw k. I " ui'HIOl W tween three bureaus of two departments. it ta mererore recommended that ell mat ters pertaining to forest reserves, except those Involving or pertaining to land titles, be consolidated In the Bureau of Forestry of the Department of Agricul ture. INDIAN AFFAIRS. Agents 8hould Not Be Dependent Upon Partisan Politics. , . The Inrllan as-anta ahr.ui. a.j) " - - ...v. w v MO UCCHU- ent for their appointment or tenure of office upon considerations of partisan poll tics; the practice of appointing, when possible, ex-army officers or bonded super intendents tn tlia va - " ...... w uin. VJ i I. U I ,9 working well. Attention Is Invited to the "luravtrao iimeracy aue to lack of pub lic Schools In tho In. linn T.rrllnn, I. - - , luutpi heed should be paid to the need of edu- cuuun ior me ctuidren In this territory. PENSIONS. No Other Class Deserves So Well of the'Nation as the Veterans. No other clasa nt so well of the Nation as those to whom in nation owes its very being, the vet erans of the Ctvil War. Special attention . Is asked to the excellent work of the Pension Bureau in expediting and dis posing of Dennlon rlnfma nurino v, fiscal year ending July J, 1903, the Bureau Settled 251.862 platma an avr-a.. sie claims for each working day of the year. me numoer oi settlements since July L 1903, has been in excess of last year's average, approaching 10O0 claims for each working day, and It is believed that the work ot the Bureau will be current at the close of the present fiscal year. ISTHMIAN CANAL. Review of Dealings With Colombia and Recent Events. By -the act Of June 28. 1902. the Consresa authorized the President to enter into treaty with Colombia for the building of the canal across the Isthmus of Panama: it Doing provided that In the event of failure to secure such treaty after tha lapse of a reasonable time, recourse ahould be had to building a canal through Ni caragua. It has not been necessary to consider this alternative, as I am enabled to lay be Tore the Senate a treaty provld Ing for the building of the canal across the Isthmus of Panama. This was the route which commended Itself io the de liberate Judgment of the Congress, and we can now acquire by treaty the right to construct the canal over this route. The question now, therefore. Is hot by which route the Isthmian canal shall be built, for that question has been definitely and irrevocably decided. The question is simply whether or not we shall have an isthmian canaL Last Spring, under the act above, re ferred to, a treaty concluded between the representatives of the Republic of Colom bia and of our Government was ratified by the Senate. Thla treaty was entered Into at the urgent solicitation of the people of Colombia, and after a body of experts appointed by our Government especially to go Into the matter of the routes across the isthmus had pronounced unanimously in favor of the Panama route. In draw ing up thla treaty every concession waa made to the people and to the Govern ment of Colombia. We were more than Just in dealing with them. Our generos ity was such as to make it a serious ques tion whether we had not gone too far la their interest at the expense of our own; for In our scrupulous desire to pay all possible heed, not merely to the real, but even to the fancied rights of our weaker neighbor, who already owed so much to our protection and forbearance, we yield ed In all possible ways to her desires In drawing up the treaty. . Nevertheless the Government, of Colombia not merely re- pudlated the treaty, but repudiated it In such manner as to make it evident by the time the Colombian Congress ad journed that not the scantiest hope re mained of ever getting a satisfactory treaty from them. Immediately after the adjournment of the Congress a revolution broke out In Panama. The people of Panama had long been discontented with the Republic of Colombia, and they had been' kept quiet only by the prospect of the conclusion of the treaty, which waa to them a matter of vital concern. When it became evident -that the treaty was hopelessly lost, the people of Panama rose literally as ona man. Not a shot was fired by a single man on the Isthmus In the Interest of the Colombian Government. Not a Ufa waa lost In the accomplishment of tha revolution. The Colombian troops sta tioned on the Isthmus, who had long been unpaid, made common cause with the peo ple of Panama, and with astonishing unanimity the new Republic was started. The duty of the United States in the premises was clear. In strict accordance with the principals laid down by Secre taries Cass and Seward In the official doctu ments above quoted, the United States . gave notice that it would permit the landing of no expeditionary force, the ar rival of which would mean chaos and de struction along the line ot the railroad and of the proposed canal, and an Inter ruption ot transit aa an inevitable conse quence. Every effort has been made by the Gov- : ernment of the United States to persuade Colombia to follow a course which waa essentially not only to our interests and to the Interests ot the world, but to the Interests of Colombia itself. These efforts have failed, and Colombia, by her persist ence In repulsing the advances that have been made, has forced us, tor the sake of our own honor, and of the Interest and well-being not merely of our own people, but of the people of the Isthmus of Pan ama and the people of the civilized coun tries of the world, to take decisive steps to bring to an end a condition of affairs which had become intolerable. The new Republic of Panama Immediately offered to negotiate a treaty with us. This treaty I herewith submit. By It our Interests are better safeguarded than In the treaty with Colombia, which was ratified by the Senate at its last session. It is better In its terms than the treaties offered to us by the Republics of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. At last the rlsht to begin this great undertaking is made available. Panama has done her part. - All that remains ia for the American Congress to do its part, and forthwith this republic will enter upon the execution of a project colossal In its size and of well-nigh Incalculable possibilities for the good of this country and the nations of mankind. THEODOR8 ROOSEVELT. White House, December 7, 1303. J I 1 1 i : .