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tr THE SUMPTER MINER Wednesday, March 29, igu; SUGGES1 IONS ON TIMBERING The first indication of weakness it) mine timborH Ih to bo found, na 11 rulo, nt tliu joiutH of tliu different members of the Hot. Id tliu oaso of 11 Htull, by "brooming" of tho onds. or, in tliu ohho of irregular rllHtrf bu tiou of thi) compressive forcoB, n Hhoarlng or splitting. Of course, if the Htull acts mainly as a Hiippnrt for mated! from above, thou bond ing would bo th IIihI sign of weak ness. Thiw latter, however, Ih not tho proper function of I ho ittiJI : in such ohhoh 11 net Hhould ho usod, if it Ih poHHiblo. Of course, thono sing are only to ho witnessed in good timber. Moit of our readers who have bad experience iu timbering, will recall tho fact that many timborH may break without pruvioiiH warning. Hume pines aro uotoriouH for being brittle. .Such timborH will snap w'thout tho leiiHt warning. The general pi In oiploH of timbering are few and hIiii plo, ntllmugh Hiibjout to almoMt In Unite modification. Tho mien adopted by an experi enced timber man of our acquaintance are: (1) (live the maximum strength to the expeiiHive part of tho timber unitH; thiiH. have tho sots stronger than tint lugging i, .Should exnoHHivo Htrain develop tho laggings will hIiow (he elfeot first. The main hu(h oiiii then be reinforced, either by doub ling up or by reducing the diHtauue between nets, iiuforo any serious dam age nan result. (2) In placing tlm lierH, secure at the corners; do not wedge in tho center of capH, poutH or ehaft HetH. (11) In going through bad urnuud, cut wIiioh or driftH egg-Hhapo. Timber with the orduiary HetH, securing at tho coruerri. TIiIh will give the ground room to swell. The theory is that Hwelllug Ih duo mainly to oxidation Tliu ground will ewell when exposed the ground Ih given paud, the oxidized crust will protect the rock behind from oxidation, and thiiH swelling will be arrested, or par dally ho, iu the Interior of the rock IIIIIHH. Of course, where swelling is due to pressure developed by removing large ore hodioH, the only way to take up the ground Ih to iiho heavier and more timborH. If poHHiblo, work out such ground .rapidly, and abandon the drifin am soon h posHiblu. We know of driftn that have to be re timbered every, two or three uioutliH, The expense, of course, in very great in hiicIi easoi, and the policy Hhould be to ahnu Ion those workingn iih hood iih tlm ground Ih worked out. .Mining Koportor. Museum of Natural History, baa brought the subject before an anxious public in an article iu Harper's Monthly relating to recent discoveries in Peruvian arobnelogy. He Bays: "The intentional tempering of bronze, mentioned as a Most art,' Ib a fable. . . . The lucaB knew bow to wiiBb gold, to fiiBe it iu email quantities and to hammor'lt into very thin sheets, easily folded and bout iu auv dealrud shape. They melted tho I3hb refractory silver aud ooppor ores, but oiiHt objects are much moro rare than hammered ouos. Their bronze is an incidental alloy and it has not been discovered where tho tin was ob tallied " Tho report of tho consul general should bo classed with the "important if truo items, " while the diatom fo the archaeologist must be given considerable weight, for Mr. Haudolior has spent his life time in the Htudy of the social aud industrial conditions nf the pro-Columbian in habitant! of Mexico aud South Amer ica and his researches havo beeu made on the ground aud not iu the Spanish or other archives. Mining World. WORK LOW GRADE ORE WATERS AND JOHNS LOST in the country. frequently only to the air. If a chance to ex- STEADILY PLUGGING ALONG AT RED BOY Notwithstanding the fact that (Jon oral Manager lolin Thomson, of too reorganized lied Hoy Mines company, who recently recovered from a serious illness at his old home In Froi.mnt, Nidi, is still in the east, the gentleman who waH instrumental iu revamping the old mine, work is being steadily prosecuted at tho prop erty uiidor the HUporintqiidonoy ot W. II. ("Hilly") Reynolds. The Hlnck smith level is being extended further in to the mountain to au intersection with tho veins of the Concord group, with which the Hod Hoy was oonsolij dated a few yearH ago, Ore is not expected to be euteied for some time yet, as the progress is necessarily slow, on account of tho employment of hand steel in a tremendously hard formation. Manager Thomson ii said to be mooting with juooobb In the east, where he h working on the proposi tion of installing a water power aud electrical trausmisdon plant at Olive lake. Work ou tills plant Is expected to be ordered within sixty days and rushed to completion before summer ends. Albert Uehor, lessee of the JJonau za mine, came up from Maker City this morning. He Bays that reBUinp tiou of operations at the Honauza will begiu just as Boon as 0,000 pounds of supplies and now equip ment, ordered Mouday by Mr. Geiser from an eastern machinery house, is delivered on the giouuii, which be expects to be about April 20. It is learned from au otilcial Bource that Mr. Geiser's plan of operation will be lo reopeu a big body of low grade ore, abaudoued by the old Thatcher management laat year, aud run the 10 stamp mill to its utmost capauity. This ore body is said to grade from 85 to 88 per ton, Hud with economical operation, the opinion prevails that Mr. Geiser can make a good profit. GREENHORN MOUNTAIN DISTRICT LOOKS GOOD the If Your Arc Not Particular. Secret r)f tldrtlening Copper. The obi, old story about the miorol o( hardouiuK copper has re ooiitly been revived from two widely different localities. Under recent date, United States Consul (ion ore I W. It. Ilulluway, Halifax, Nova Sgotia, reperts: "It is stated that Mr. Church and (.'hut let, Cleveland, of Ch'ister, Novh Sootia, havo discov ered the Io:ik lest and much sought for process of hardening copper. A Htuiplo of their hardened copper has I agent, been received here which seems to be as hard as steel, a penknife failing to make any impression ou it." Mr. A. 1. Haudeller, of the Ameilcau Don't travel over the Illinois Centra!, as any old road will do you aud we don't want your patronage; but If you are particular and want the best aud mean to have It, ask the ticket agent to route you via the Illinois Central, the road that runs through solid vestibule trains be tween St. Paul, Omaha, Chicago, St. Louis, Memphpis and New Orleans! No additional charge is made for a seat in our reclining chair cars, which are fitted with lavatories aud smoking rooms, aud have a porter iu attendance. Kates via the llluols Central aro the lowest aud we will be glad to quote them In connection with any transcontinental Hue. J. O. LINDSKV, T. F. A 1 A. 1 12 Third street, Portland, Orogou. H. II. TKUMHULL, Commercial 142 Third street, Portland, Orugou. PAUL 11. THOMPSON, Freight and passeuger agent, Column bul'd ing, Seattle, Washlugtou. F. A. ti. Starr, the mining man, returned yesterday from a trip into tho Greenhorn mountains. He ao- cempanied F. O. Huoktium to tho Marshall group of mines, nea- Tip ton, owned jointly by Mr. Huckuum and M. F. Muzzy. Later he vhited most of the big properties iu tho Greonhorns, iucljding the Snow Creek, 1. X. L., Psyche, Diadem, Liisten Lake, etc. "The whole Greenhorn camp looks good," said Mr. Starr this morning to a Miner reporter. "The Psyche has receulty opened up a magnificent body of shipping ore aud tho Dladoiu is nuiking a great showing. The Snow Crook mill is working doublo shift ou ore from the Psyche and Diadem, at the same time floating some ore from its own ground. Tho Lucy is looking good aud 1 under stud that work ou the Listen Lake, of which Mayor W. H. Gleasou, of Sumpter, is president, will start work ou May 1. A crosscut to the main ore body will be driven from tho 100-foot level of the shaft. "The Hiiow on the Greenhorns is rapidly disappearing. Already most of the south slopes aro bare. Roads aro pretty bad, but a continuance of the present good weather will remedy that evil. "Judging from tho tone of my correspondence with eastern iuveetors aud prospective investors, we are goiug to do a big mining business iu this camp this year a legitimate mining businois, too." EMINENT EXPERT AT THE MOUNTAIN VIEW Johns aud Waters the Sumpter rook-drillers, who contested at the free-for-all-drilling contest at Grants Pats last Friday, came out second best. Loakridge and Savage, of Galice, were tho winners. Other coutestautB were Seligo and Harriug tou, of Granite Hill ; Sundry brothers, of Gold Hill, and G. Briukerboffer, of Galice. The Galice team iu 15 minutes of double-handed drilling time, made a .10-inch bele: tbe Sump terites' score, 35 hi inches. The Granite Hill team was 'compelled to stop on account of a smashed band. Tbey drilled a 25 J inch bole in 9 minutes aud 40 seconds. The Gold Hill team was last, with 311 inches. Tbe wlnulug Galioe boy captured a 8225 purse, the Sumpter team being consoled with a gift of the entrauce foes. Tho Grant's Pass Miulng Jour nal is authority for the statement )hat 83500 changed bauds ou the ro 9ult of tho mutch. Johns aud Waters were heavily backed. Iu the slugle-hauded coutest, Joe Johns, of Sumpter, was defeated by Uriukorhoffor, of Galice, tbe boles measuring 18 flfteeu-sixteoutn luetics for the Sumpter man aud 20 iuohoG for the winning Galice entry. A purflo of 875 weut to Hrlukerhoffer aud the eutrauco fees to Johns. Iu viow of tho fact that Lookridge aud SavaRO won tbe double-bauded free-for-all drilliug match at Grant's Pass lust CbristtnaB, they set up a olaim to tbe state championship. Major Norton Back In Sumpter. Major F. 10. Norton, president of the boerd of directors of the Citi zen's Consolidated Gold Miuiug company, operating tbo Gold Coin mines iu the Cracker Croek dis trict, arrived from his homo iu Wheeling, W. V., this morning, accom panied by It ihort H. Stanton, a mining engineer of New Vork, who will examine aud report on the Gold Coiu iu tbe iuterest of eastern in vestors. Mr. Stanton represents the United Mining and Development compauy of North America, with headquarters iu New Vork. Messrs. Nortou aud Stanton drove out to tbe Gold Coiu this morning, expecting to remain at the property until' the middle of next week. Mr. Stanton intends to make au exhaustive ex amiuatiou, uot ouly of the Gold Coiu, but of the striug of big mother lodo producers iu tbe Cracker Creek district. Dr. Maxim Schumann, a mining engineer aud expert of international renown, is at the Mountain View mine, making i.n examination of that property. Dr. Shumaun is said to represent a French syndicate. He has hoou in every miuiug camp of any importance iu the world, from Siberia to Kalgoorie, from Klou dike to the Hand. The Mountain View is owued by Portlaud people, and ouly recently eutered tbe pro ducing list, under tbe able euperiu teudeuuy of Dr. Tecbow. The Sumpter-Houruo railway prop osition remains iu statu quo. The committee appointed at a meeting of local citizens has succeeded iu secur ing subscriptions to 810,200 worth of ithe required 820,000 worth of bonds, but the subscriptions re9ts up on certaiu proviso rolatiug to switches aud spurs to Cracker Creek mines Theeo matters were uot provided for iu tho Killeu, Warner, Stewart prop ositiou, aud tbe aommitee has mailed to Mr. Killeu tbe formal demands of tbo bond subscribers. Mr. Killeu is iu Colorado, Au answer is expected witbiu a few days. Chairman Cato J. Johns, of tbe committee, an uouuoes that if tbe demauds are al lowed by Mr. Killeu, be can raise tbe required 820,000 in two days.