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The Mellette County pioneer. [volume] (Wood, Mellette County, S.D.) 19??-1971, February 23, 1912, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96090217/1912-02-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Mellette County Pioneer
lowa Professor Has a Plan He Be
lieves Will Control Tuberculosis
in Animals.
Dr Burton R. Rogers
who was for a number of years an
Inspector of meats for the I’nited
States government, is trying to induce
the federal authorities to adopt a
method for discovering tuberculosis in
cattle, which, he says, will result in
locating ail the diseased animals in
the country within a year. His plan
Is to have every man who sends hogs
to market to have his name and ad
dress on a tag fastened to the hog's
ear. Doctor Rogers said:
“Very few hogs live longer than a
year. A 200-pound hog is about the
weight at which they are shipped to
market All of them are examined by
government inspectors. but under the
present system of inspection no one
knows where a diseased hog comes
“Tuberculosis iu hogs Is not dan
gerous to those using the meat be
cause it is subjected to heat before be
ing eaten, and a very little heat is
sufficient to kill the germs. But while
the life of the hog is short, the life
of the cow is comparatively long.
There Is no way of learning if a cow
Is infected with the disease except by
h technical examination.
"It is the custom to have the cattle
and the hogs live together as cluse
neighbors, and so w hen a cow becomes
diseased the Lcg< retrain health.' but
a short time Now, the life of a cow
is about ten y<ars, and she may have
tuberculosis marly all her life and no
body know anything of it. Bit a hog
that has lived near her lor a few
months will surely get the disease,
and by the scheme 1 suggest this L>g
could be made to carry th tale of
the skk cattle to the insj ectors "
Motoring and the Ear.
A series of symptoms which may
have been observed by motorists have
dow been recognized by Dr. Royet of
Montlucon. who describes them as
causing "vague pains, limited to the
Internal ear. without any tendency to
spread to the throat, forehead or
teck.” Another symptom not always
present is a curious crackling in the
ear, which occurs when the sufferer
Is swallowing or drinking Dr Royet
has come to the conclusion that it Is
a question of neuralgic pain. The con
tinual rush of air in motoring, passing
Into the external auditory canal, beats
on the membrane of the tympanum.
This brings on pain, especially in the
right ear, which is naturally on the
brake side of the car. The pain be
comes more acute if the journey is
prolonged after the first ache is felt.
For the remedy the doctor advises,
first of all, rest. In a few days, ex
cepting in serious cases, the trouble
will vanish. When the pains are acute
a drop of oil containing cocaine will
give imm<-dlate relief. As measures of
prevention, he advises the use of caps
with ear flaps.—Dundee Advertiser.

The microbe is tenacious of life,
for, according to a French contempo
rary, Migula found the bacillus
leposporous placed on a sheet of
glass lives for five years. Germs of
potato disease scaled In a tube were
living after a period of eight years. In
1879 Ball of Prague, after a lapse of
lv years, infected a mouse fatally with
some bacilli. Nestler investigated
clods of earth stored In a herbarium
for over half a cen’ury, and found 89,-
200 living spores to the gram. Some
earth wrapped in paper since 1824,
and protected from atmospheric germs,
showed on examination 19,000 bacteria
to the gram. Eighty-seven years is a
ripe age, even for a microbe.
Everybody in Middle Bay knew that
Mrs Captain IJscomb was talking
aboiA making a visit to her married
daughter in Cincinnati. She had been
taJklng about it for two years, but
age and the natural timidity of a
woman unused to travel had postponed
the great event from month to month,
until the neighbors began to wonder
whether it would ever come to pass.
So one morning, when Uncle Billy
Evans met Captain IJscomb In Eccles'
store, there was a twinkle in his eye
as he asked:
"When’s Mis’ Liscomb going out to
Ohio, Daniel?"
"Don’t ask me!’* returned the cap
tain. a little peevishly. ”1 don't know
nothin' about It. if i tell her to go,
she says I want to get rid of her. If
I tell her to stay to home, she says
I’m mean! I alnt saying a single
word!"—Youth's Companion
Smith —How Is your new furnace
working these days?
Jones—it doesn’t give as much hot
air as the man who sold it to me-
Cincinnati Enquirer.
Isaacs (who has been hit with a
golf ball)—I vlll have you in the law
courts for dis. I vlll sue you for five
pounds damages!
Golfer—But surely you heard me
shout “fore?"
Isaac—Right! I vlll take it!—Lon
don Opinion.
Algy—Why do you think she is a
Window smashing suffragette?
Cbolly—She looked vewy viciously
at my monocle.
Life of a Microbe.
The Part of Wisdom.
Locating the Heat.
Willing to Compromise.
HE first president of the United States
was a church-goer in the true sense of the
word. There have been public men in the
history of the nation who went to church
far more regularly after ihe> were elected
to high official positions —or at least after
they were nominated for such places of
distinction—than they ever did before
However, it would seem that no such
fluctuation in church devotion can be
charged against George Washington. He
was naturally and instinctively a religious
man and he made every effort to attend
divine worship every Sunday, no mat-
ter where he might happen to be. This was the case
even in the trying days of the War for Independence.
However. Washington was enabled to be most regular
In attendance at church when in his home state of \ ir
ginia. And yet. even in the Old Dominion. church going
required much more of an effort on his part than is ejo
acted of the average public ~
juau today. Washington made .
his home, ns Is well known.
on the vast estate known as
Mount Vernon, and there
was no church on the estate
or in the immediate vicinity.
Attendance at divine worship
Involved, therefore, a jour
ney of greater or less length
by coach. and this was not
always pleasant, as any per
son nay readily surmise who
has had experience with the
“red mud" < f old Virginia in
the wlnti r or following
heavy rains. That he was as
persist* nt as he was in
church-going under such cir
cumstances casts an interest
ing sidelight upon the char
acter of Washington.
George Washington attend
ed, from time to time, vari
ous churches located within
driving distance of his home
at Mount Vernon, but the
place of worship to which he
most frequently repaired was
and Is located in the town of
Alexandria—for. be it ex
plained, the historic edifice
stands to this day in a per
fect state of preservation.
This structure. Chi Ist church,
to give it Its proper title, has for
more than a century been known as
"George Washington's church," not
only because be attended its services
more regularly than those at any oth
er church, but because he was a mem
ber and a pew holder at this church.
It was. indeed, while Washington
was a member that the congregation
in the year 17C7 built the stately
house of worship which has not only
defied all the ravages of time but is in
regular use to this day and has been,
even within very recent years, the
scene of many interesting religious
ceremonies. Something of George
Washington’s interest In the new
church may be surmised from the fact
that when It came to assigning pews
In the new edifice he outbid all other
members in the con.petition to win
first choice of location and subscribed
the record-breaking I rice of nearly
$ 1 SO for the pew upon which his fancy
had fallen and which he regularly oc
cupied on almost every Sunday there
after. This pew is marked with a sti
ver plate bearing a fac simile of Wash
ington’s autograph, and it Is Inter* st-
Ing to note that just across the aisle
is the pew lone held by the Leos of
Virginia and which was occupied prior
to the Civil war by Gen. Robert E.
Lee, the military leader of the Con
The pew which George Washington
bespoke when Christ church was first
opened and for which he agreed to
pay a yearly rental of five pounds
sterling (equivalent to nearly $25) in
addition to the thirty-six pounds, ten
shillings which he subscribed for It
at the outset is now reserved for the
use of strangers, and this Is a much
appreciated courtesy on the part of
the present congregation, for, of
course, every stranger who visits
Alexandria long* to sit In the great
square pew which was once occupied
by ’ His Excellency, the General,” and
to gaze up at the high pulpit from
exactly the viewpoint of the Father
of His Country in the days when he
was the most conspicuous participant
in the church services.
George Washington's pew In the
old church remains to this day exact
ly as It was when he occupied it each
Sunday morning, and this preserva
tion la a matter of congratulation in
asmuch as all the other pews in the
church were somewhat changed in
style in the year 1860. The Washing
ton pew is In reality a double pew. or
two pews, bearing the numbers 59 and
60. This pew, which Is located on the
left side of the church, has two seats,
one facing the other, and there Is n
third cross seat against the wall, so
that there was supi»oscdly ample room
for the Washington family and the
relatives or house guests who so often
accompanied the distinguished Virgin
ian to church. In the vestry room of
the church may be seen the original
official record of Washington’s pur-
chase of his pew upon the completion
of the church, which, by the way,
had been under construction for sev
eral years.
And, shaking of the vestry room.
It may be of Interest to explain that
George Washington was himself a
vestryman of Christ church. Indeed,
thv young landed proprietor, then but
3 &2HZ) c.
33 years of age. was among the first
vestrymen chosen when Fairfax par
ish, to which the town of Alexandria
belongs, was created about the year
17G5. It was a couple of years later
that the congregation decided to build
a church ami the edifice was not fin
ished to the last detail until a few
years before the firing of “the shot
hear! round the world.” From that
•lay to this th** exterior of the church
has undergone practically no altera
tion. At one time some alterations
were made in the interior, but later
this was wisely decided to have been
a mistake an I the church was re
stored to the style of Colonial days.
Some of the original fittings, notably
the sounding board and the wine-glass
pulpit, had disappeared in the course
ot the transition, but these were re
placed by facsimiles of the originals.
Many of the most Interesting ob
jects in Christ church are the gen
uine originals which were here In
Washington’s time. For Instance,
there is the elaborate crystal chande
lier of solid brass with its twelve can
d esticks typifying the twelve Apos
tles. Nor, indeed, is tills the only re
minder of the days when the church
was lighted by candles, for on the pil
lars one may yet detect under the
paint the marks of the tinder boxes.
The chancel rail and mural tablets of
the Ixird’s Prayer and the Apostles’
Creed, which always arrest the at
tention of visitors, are relics of the
days when George Washington was a
leading member of the congregation,
and so likewise are the communion
table, reading desk and chairs. Aft
er all, however, perhaps the most
curious of these mementoes of a by
gone age are the long handled purses
which were used in Washington’s
Blamed for an Earthquake
Amusing Instance of Efforts to Stop
Terrestrial Commotion Comes
From Mexico.
While an earthquake Is a phenom
enon of a nature not likely to be treat
ed with discrespect, still less with In
dignity, an Englishman nevertheless
tried, 24 hours after bis arrival In In
dia, to kick one. He was writing at a
table one afternoon when he became
aware of an annoying unsteadiness In
the furniture. Thinking that this was
due to the rubbing of a dog against
the leg of the table, the Briton kicked
at the beast several times, and It
was only when he looked under the
still shaking table and saw nothing
there that he realised his Inability
to stop terrestrial commotions
An American woman who resided
for some years in Mexico also had an
experience with an earthquake. She
was the mother of two lively small
sons. One day they had been especial
ly obstrei>erouß and did not grow
quieter as the time for her siesta and
theirs approached. After rousing her
from her nap two or three times by
their antics, she gave them fair warn
ing that if there was any further com
motion severe punishment would
Again she dropped off into sleep
ington period, although it
was put in place nearly a
century ago. However, the Alexandria
church boasts the possession of
Its first Bible and church service, the
Bible having been printed In Edin
burgh In the year 1707. Of the latter
day contributions to the contents of
the historic edifice there may be men
tinned the silver plate bearing a rep
resentation of the autograph signa
ture of Robert E. lx*e and the twin
mural tablets set In place In 1870
which are Inscribed In memory of
tier rgo Washington and Robert Ed
ward Lee. These various objects are
of sufficient Interest to attract a con
tinual stream of visitors to the old
church, and while (unlike historic
churches abroad) the edifice Is not
officially open on week days, the sex
ton can usually be found on the prem
ises and will obligingly open the doors
on request and without demanding
the Inevitable "tip" which Is besought
by caretakers of similar Institutions
Quito ns Interesting a* old Christ
church Itself or any of Its historic
contents Is the graveyard which well
nigh surrounds the edifice and *s en
closed by a quaint wall and fence.
Here am hurled many of the close
personal friends and neigh tiers of
General Washington—men and women
whose names are well known to his
tory—and th«« Inscriptions on the an
cient tombstone's seem decidedly odd
In the eyes of modern visitors Christ
church Is not located In the most fre
quented section of the ancient town
of Alexandria, but its lofty spiro, or
rather tower, renders It easy for the
stranger to Identify and find his wav
to the time-honored brick edifice and
on Washington’s Birthday anniversary
ho has. Indeed, but to "follow the
Suddenly she found herself awake and
on her feet, with sounds of banging
still In her ears and the room quiver
ing as If from the fall of a heavy piece
of furniture. The boys, scared and
guilty looking, were In the doorway.
She seized the nearer, reversed him
and had him half spanked before the
excited protests of his brother pene
trated to her bra’n through his an
guished howls. Then she became
aware that she was spanking him for
an earthquake.
Swiss engineers have convinced the
Russian government that It Is per
fectly feasible to bore a tunnel
through the Caucasian mountains near
Tllllls, in order to Join the Black and
Caspian seas. This will bo a tremend
ous undertaking, as the tunnel will be
about sixteen miles In length, and the
Russian government had practically
decided that It was beyond the limit
of reality. However, the Swiss experts
have reported that tho tunnel could
be built within seven years without
much difficulty, but at a great ex
pense. A Paris firm of bankers, it is
understood. Is supporting the enter
prise which will be put into execution
about the early part of 1913.
jf.’sTWK mwrawof
A v <’ A/7V7 'ThFNTTC
time to receive the offer
ing* of the congregation.
Th* baptismal font,
which I’ much admired. I*
not a relic of the Wash-
To Join Black and Caspian.
1 the [
Cleveland Man Finds Small Rectifier
Permits Charging at Home —It
Is Small and Neat.
A (’leveland business man charges
his battery for his gasoline cur at
This battery is used for the light
ing of tho machine, as well us for
emergency ignition purposes. Two
years ago he was forced to buy two
batteries, for tho reason that it was
necessary to take one to u charging
plant to have It charged.
The current in his home was alter
nating. and direct current was nec
essary to charge the battery. When
one was being charged, the other
was in use on his car.
Now this charging is done at his
home and at night when the car Is
• !
Small Current Rectifier.
cot tn use. And ho only net ds
This Is accomplished by the alter
nating current rectifier shown In
the Illustration This rectifier Is
connected to a lamp socket In the
garage, th© battery connected to It.
and the current turned on
With this device any automobile
owner may connect up his ignition
or lighting batteries at night, and
they are charged and ready for serv
ice In the morning
This type o* rectifier Is only made
for charging small batteries. It la
small and neat, will not easily get
out of ordet, and will eliminate the
necessity o' having an additional
Principle of “Concealed Lighting**
Rapidly Gaining In Popularity— Its
Rede' • features.
The principle of "concealed light
ing’* Is rapidly gaining way, and hi
England It Is predicted that within a
few years It will be almost universal
ly put Into practice. It is pointed out
that the system of putting the sourcra
of light in plain view Is wasteful be
cause the dazzled eye demands a
greater flooding of the air with dif
fused illumination In order *to see
clearly. When the light source Is
concealed, a far less intense Illumina
tion is required. In the reading room
of the British Museum the artificial
Illumination Is only seven one-thous
andth of daylight, at the Woolsack In
the house of lords only six one-thous
andths, and at the clerk's desk In the
house of commons only one twelve
hundredth, yet in all these cases the
amount of illumination Is satisfactory,
because there is no "stabbing" light
from visible sources.
Where Instrument Is Used In Office It
Can Be Made to Accommodate
Several Persons.
Here is an adjustable telephone
arm called the Radio which, if used
In the offi<e, makes one telephone do
for several people without any incon
venience whatever. It can bo used
sitting or standing, is just as good in
the home as in the office, and is per-
rr \ fj*
£ (£
V ZJmT I v
Adjustable Telephone Arm.
fectly adjustable to all positions, the
weight of the telephone just balanc
ing the tension of the spring so that
the arm "stays put” In all positions.
The telephone Instrument Is always
vertical and in a imsitlon ready for
use. ns it is hung from the top by a
universal joint.
Sub Marine Cables.
There are 260,000 miles of subma
rine telegraph cables In the world, of
which more than 100,000 miles have
been laid In the last ten years.
Removing Insulation.
The Insulation on fine enameled wire
ran be easily removed by drawing
the wire between a fold In fine emery
Chicago Manufacturer Claim* Electric
r Drill* and Hammer Do Better
and Quicker Work.
"The adoption of electrically
erated hand drill* and hammer* i IS
almost doubled the capacity of «. r
plant,” said E A. Williams, tnai
ger of a large Chicago manm.i
turing concern.
Mr. William* then told of the
many uses to which these ma<hi:. t
were put. and how the work hau
been done better and cheaper
The hand drill shown in the tlhis
tuition is the one used by this cor.
cent. It is operated by a coinpat t
little motor, which Is connected n,
the ordinary electric light socket
After the current has been turn* I
on the speed may easily be regu
kited by turning a thumb screw at
the side. This size of drill is th*
smallest one used In this shop, an',
they tmploy several larger at.
more powerful one* for larger work
"The operator may devote all h
attention to the work he Is doing
said Mr. William*, "and does t ••
have to use one hand and half .o
eye to the operating of the drill I’
self. His attention b- all on L.
The electric hamnwr shown In tl
lower picture, is likewise opm t
by a small motor.
"Our work must be accuratt r«
marked Mr. Williams in speaMt
of this hammer, "and the least si
of a chisel is likely to send an e\
pensive casting to the scrap hea
When a man has a heavy hamrn* i
In one band and the chisel In tho
other, these slips are very liable
to occur frequently.
"As with the drill, the operator
may devote his entire attention to
the work ns the blow of the hammer
is entirely automatic."
The largest telephone exchange in
existence is that at Hamburg, which
Is taking care of 40,000 lines at pres
ent, but accommodations have been
made for future extensions so that
this exchange will be enabled to take
care of twice as many lines.
It hns been estimated that the
moving picture audiences of the
United States last year numbered
more than two and a quarter mill
ion souls per day—three times tho
audiences of all the regular theaters
in America put together.
One-third of Great Britain's tele
graph operators are women.
Nightly concerts are- provided for
telephone subscribers in Australia.
In this country the average Is about
87 telephones for each 1,000 inhabi
The United States has Issued near
ly 60,000 patents for Inventions along
electrical lines.
Telephone service between England
and Switzerland has been established
over two routes.
A new electric filter for household
use uses current only as water is
drawn through It.
An electric crane In a Scotch ship
yard has handled loads of 187 tons to
a height of 143 feet.
Marconi's wireless station at Col
tona, Italy, sends messages to this
country, over a distance of 4,000 miles
A solution of ten per cent, borax
and five per cent, rosin is driven Into
wood by electricity in France to pre
serve it.
One of the newest musical Instru
ments, operated by electricity, repro
duces the notes of 45 orchestra per
A French wireless station has been
Installed In Morocco and communica
tion established with the station on
the Eiffel tower.
An English Inventor has copied an
old Idea in the history of telephony
by designing a transmitter shaped
like the human ear.
Chinas new cotton mill is the only
one In the country. It was built by
the Japanese. The machinery is oper
ated by electricity.
A tiny storage battery driven elec
trie fan has been perfected to be
placed Inside a top bat to keep It*
wearer's bead cool.
' I-.* •- ...
Hand Drill.
Electric Hammer,
Largest Telephone Exchange.
Moving Picture Audiences.

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