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The Mellette County pioneer. [volume] (Wood, Mellette County, S.D.) 19??-1971, March 29, 1912, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96090217/1912-03-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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Tin Mellette County Pioneer
WOOD.
WORRIED OVER THE SILENCE
Eternal Racket Overhead, Mr. Flat
dweller Was Used To, but to
Hear No Sound!
"We don't know what to mnke of
It." said Mr. Flatdweller. "Of course.
tinder the normal conditions of life In
a flat we expect the folks overhead to
play the piano day and night and to
have about three parties a week at
which they play until 1 or 2 o'clock In
the morning.
"And we expect them to get up at
all hours of the night and grope
around and fall over the furniture and
upset chairs, and then we expect to
hear varied vivid exclamations, made
with the muffler off. And to be sure,
we expect the children to get up and
begin racing up and down the hal! and
dragging rumbling play wagons and
things around on the floors over us at
5:30 to 6 a. m of course, and we
don’t mind It a bit. for they are nice
people, and all these things contribute
only to the normal state of things
"That’s the point, the normal We
expect it and we get used to it and it
never disturbs us Men who work in
boiler factories never hear the noise
Hut we've got some people in over us
now that don't make any noise! And
we don't know what to make of that.
"It's positively mysterious They
don't upset anything or break any
thing. they don't even play the piano,
they're absolutely quiet and. hones*,
we wonder whnt they're doing It
makes a sort of hiatus or vacuum or
something in our accustomed manner
of existence and In a way It's sort
of dazing to us: we don't know what
to think about It.
•'When they do move about they
move very gently, quickly, and It puts
us In a very different. In a greatly
changed situation.
”Hut I suppose we’ll get used to it;
ts can get used to anything"
The removal of the old organ from
the Second Presbyterian church at
Carlisle. Pa. recalls the fact that it
was purchased with funds raised by
a lecture course in which Mark Twain
was one of the principal entertainers.
On the night of his lecture Twain held
his audience in suspense by being half
an hour late. Gen I>emuel Todd,
who had been assigned to introduce
the humorist, was growing restless
and everybody was fidgety.
When Twain at last stepped on the
platform he did not give General Todd
an opportunity of presenting him
Merely nodding to Todd. Twain said:
"Ladies and gentlemen. I understand
that your esteemed townsman. Gen.
Todd, has been asked to introduce it**
to you. However, ns I know myself
letter than anyone else. I believe I am
better qualified to present myself."
Then he kept his audience in an up
roar for more than two hours.
The death of Mr Brandling, a New
castle. England, coal operator, recalls
a famous ball he gave some years ago
The ballroom was In the coal mine,
1 100 feet below ground, in the shape
of the letter L, the width being 15
feet, the height 4* feet, and the length
200 feet. The floor was dried and
flagged, provided arid the whole
place illuminated with wax candles
The company comprised all the turn
ers and th*lr families, the proprietors
and agents, and a number of guests
from London It required considerable
courage for s-ome of the strangers to
go down the shaft, hut they all ven
tured Dancing was from noon till :f
p. m, and all returned to the upper
air clean and safe, and each carrying
ns a memento a piece of coal hewn
from the end of the drift.
An elderly former soldier, who had
served In Burma. India, and South
Africa, and had several medals, plead
ed guilty at the Middlesex (Kngland)
sessions, recently, to a charge of
housebreaking and asked to be given
another chance "Yes,” replied the
deputy chairman, "we will give you a
chance. If only for the ribbons on your
breast. I hope It will be an encourage
roent to others to know that If they
get Into trouble one of the most sym
pathetic notes that can be struck Is
to prove that they have served their
country."
A remarkable burglary took place at
ii pawnshop In a small Scotch town re
cently. Breaking through a window
the burglars entered the ant*-.room of
the shop. The Iron door resisted all
their efforts so they took up t|, o floor
and foundation of the wall, and after
removing one ton of masonry they
were able to get into the cellar, p*.
moving a panel from the rellar door,
they gained admittance to the shop,
which they ransacked, securing Jew
elry of the value of sf>oo.
1 k*.
i
The Relentless Critic.
**l suppose," paid the official, "that
you think our building regulations are
the lea«t efficient that ever existed?"
"No." replied the citizen who kicks.
"I won’t say that. Those permitting
the construction of the tower of Babel
must have been worse."
|a Customer’s Name It Peck.
Li finrber —You are losing four hair
* vary fast, sir. Are you doing anything
to save It?
Customer-Yes, I’m getting a dl
force.
M: £ ¥ f -
By THE WOOD PUBLISHING CO.
SOUTH DAKOTA.
Helped by Mark Twain.
Ball in a Coat Mine.
Good Record Pleaded for Him.
Burglars Worked Hard.
DIRT ROAD CONSTRUCTION
Some Practical Suggestions for Dirt
Road Construction in
South Dakota.
(By H. C. Solberg. Professor of Me
chanical Engineering. State College.
Brookings. S. D.)
During the past few months sever
al highways have been projected
across the state, and some of them are
designated as "transcontinental high
ways" The time is near at hand
when the actual work of road con
struction must be begun, otherwise
those projected highways will not be
of any particular benefit to anybody
Hence, a few suggestions as to the
proper method of dirt road construc
tion may be in order and perhaps of
considerable value
If a road Is intended for intor-state
travel, it must bo constructed so as
to be suitable for all kinds of high
way traffic; hence a few fundamental
principles must be observed In the
construction of this road, that have
heretofore been absolutely neglected
In all local road construction in South
Dakota. The most Important is the
width of roadway.
If we assume that no work has been
done on the road; the simplest wav
to proceed will be as follows; First,
set stakes twenty feet apart for the
main roadway This should be done
the full length of road so as to make
It straight. Then, outside of this
twenty foot limit, start the plowing,
and plow ten feet wide on both sides
Then move the sod from the outside
to the center making the roadway as
nearly level as possible.
Pulverize the Sod.
After all the sod is moved into the
roadway use a sod cutter and thor
oughly pulverize all sod. Do not un
der any circumstances allow the sod
to remain in lumps and rot. for it will
absorb moisture and continue to set
tle uneven for at least two years.—
thus producing holes in the roadway,
that will make it unfit for any and
all kinds of traffic. First pulverize
the sod, then put more dirt on the top
If the rest of the dirt is lumpy pul
verize that alao; it will tnen pack
even.
Finishing Touches.
Th* i n finish the roadway with a grad
er. making the center of the twenty
foot roadway 6 or 7 inches higher than
at the edge and construct a crowning
surface. Also make a gentle curve
slope clear to the gutter This will
practically produce a thirty eight foot
rdiveway from gutter to gutter.
Make a Wide Road.
The writer knows that many will
claim that this Is wider than neces
sary; but when It is considered that
this road is intended for all kinds of
travel, the road must be constructed
so wide that no person with a load
of hay or any kind of wide machinery
can block the road and prevent an
other party from passing by, no mat
ter in what direction the parties are
going. The Writer has frequently ap
proached a load of hay with a light
rig and been compelled to travel be
hind that load for considerable dis
tance. because the driver would not
turn out part way The grades were
too narrow and the gutters or rather
ditches were to steep to venture into
If we intend to encourage any great
amount of tourist travel over our
roads, the tourist must be treated
with courtesy, hence the roads must
be constructed so wide that a condi
tion of this kind will be impossible
Best is Cheapest
Again, if a road is constructed too
narrow at first, and it becomes neces
sary to widen it afterwards, then dirt
must be moved back and refilled where
it was taken out first; thus increasing
the cost of const ruction at least twice
what it should be. and at the same
time, the road will not be as solid for
several years as it would have been
bad the original road been construct
ed wide enough. Where road grad
ing machinery can be used the work
can be done very much cheaper than
by team work and scrapers.
Pack The Roads.
The next point in importance in
connection with dirt road construction,
that has been overlooked In the past.
Is the use of the steam roller. Where
considerable dirt is graded up. the
same will remain loose and spongy
for a considerable time, and a wagon
with a heavy load will tend to cut
through. This can be avoided alto
gether by using a ten ton road roller
which will pack the dirt solid enough
for all kinds of loads An ordinary
traction engine can be used for this
packing, but the luggß on the drive
wheels will form pockets in the sur
face. These pockets wnl be covered
with loose dirt and after every rain
will retain considerable moisture that
will tend to destroy the road surface.
Whereas the wheels on the 6t*-am rol
ler will prouce a smooth surface that
will act as a perfect water shed; and
at the same time the road will be
so solid that every man with a heavy
Lost Time.
The Ute Sylvanus Miller, civil engi
neer. who was engaged in a railroad
enterprise In Central America, was
seeking to give the matter point He
asked a native: "How long does It
take to carry your goods to market by
mulebaek?" "Three days,” was tlie re
ply "That’s the point. ’ said Miller.
"With our road in operation you could
take your goods to market and be back
borne In one day.” "Very good, sen
pr,” answered the native. "But what
•rould w# de with the other two daye?”
! i'wHki
load will seek the center of the road*
way at once instead of the usual cus
tom of trying to avoid newly con
structed roads One steam roller own
ed by each county would be sufficient
for ull road work in that county
Top-layer of Gravel.
Another very important factor fcl
connection with good road construe
tion Is a layer of gravel for the sui
face It does not matter whether the
road surface is constructed of black
loatn or clay. It becomes intensely
stiekey In wot weather Hence a cov
ering of gravel should be put on
wherever possible. This need not be
more than eight feet wide and about
four Inches thick In the center and
somewhat thinner at the outer edge.
Hence a load of gravel should cover
approximately twelve feet of length of
roadway.
After this gravel is put on It should
be run over with the steam roller at
once This will produce an Ideal road
surface on most of the prairie roads.
Sand May Be Substituted.
In those places where gravel can
not be obtained except at a high price,
sand can be used with black loam and
clay. Hut the sand in order to pro
duce good results must be thoroughly
mixed with the dirt This can best
be done by first using a disk harrow
then a common harrow. Knough sand
must be used to produce a brittle sur
face that will not stick to wheels in
wet weather After the sand is mixed,
then use the road roller and pack
the roadway A thin layer of sand on
the top will then produce a good road
Maintenance.
After a dirt road is constructed,
the simplest and the best way to main
tain it in good condition Is by means
of the King road drag. The best
drag for the purpose is a substantial
adjustable steel drag. Every road
district should have some responsible
party use the drag after every rain
an all main traveled roads.
There will be a great deal of road
construction work done In South Da
kota during the next few years And
the above points as briefly stated are
vital both to good construction and
maintenance. If followed out. they
will produce good results with the
minimum outlay of money.
Solace in Books.
A woman who used to drag through
the day in a vainglorious effort to "kill
time" was persuaded to take recourse
to a circulating library near at hand.
Until this solution of tne time prob
lem was virtually thrust upon her she
was Ignorant of books, especially cur
rent editions, as she was of the fourth
dimension, though she had been
something of a reader In girlhood days.
After forcing herself to wade through
three volumes, the old love of books,
lying dormant, suddenly awakened to
renewed activity, and the life of the
woman, from being one of many hum
drum days, given to watching the clock
house, has come to be one of an end
less succession of exciting and inter
and aimless wandering through the
esting events, while her hours are peo
pled with .an cveryvarying procession
of unusual personalities which march
through the pages of good fiction
For her books have given a new zest
to living, and she is anxious to pass
along the suggestion to her sister
"stay at homes" who have more time
than they ran possibly spend
Caves in Western Australia.
Wonderful caves have been discov
ered in Western Australia by the Hon.
.T. D Connelly, the colonial secretary.
% >Vhib visiting in the southwest he ex
plored the Moondine cave, four miles
from Karridale. and found it to be of
surprising leauty. "I have," he says,
"seen all the other cave- in Western
Australia, and also the w< 11 known
.1« nolan caves of New South Wales,
but I say without hesitation that the
Moondine, whirh Is to be known in
the future as the Coronation cave, far
excels the whole of them After four
hours' exploration, two large beautiful
chambers, which It is proposed to call
King George and Gueen Mary, respec
tively, were discovered. Each of them
is far superior in beauty to any cavern
In Australia. I am certain from the
conformation of the country that a
cave will be found to contain still more
beautiful chambers.”
An Early Taximeter.
The taximeter cab Is not an inven
tion of yesterday. Such a vehicle was
known to the Chinese ages before the
Christian era Now we learn from a
Paris contemporary that the Kmperor
Commodus possessed a similar car
riage Commodus. some will remem
ber. was the worthless son of a cele
brated father, the emperor known as
Marcus Aurelius, through his "medita
tions.” CommodiiH came to an untime
ly. if not unmerited end about 192 A.
I) He posed as Hercules and was the
hero of about TOO giadatorial contests
with defenseless opponents His reign
lasted only a year, and his successor.
Pertinax, sold his belongings at auc
tion. and one of the lots, we are told,
was a carriage which as it moved
marked at the same time the soars
covered and the time so occupied
Nature's Workings.
If you are looking for the original
blown bottle Cold Proposition, find the
man that always yelled "Fill 'em up
again in the days when he was young
and In his prime. He Is the one genu
ine Tight Wad. If you need help, for
the love of humanity as well as your
self. keep away from him
Its Species.
Tommy—l want a water dog, ma"
Mrs. Comeup—"Then git your pa to
buy you one of them ocean grey
hounds."
THE
imm
WORLD
ELECTRIC LAMP QUITE HANDY
Saves Much Wasted Light and Un
necessary Strain on Eyes—Directs
Glow Where Needed.
The two chief claims made for the
new electric lamp patented by a Con
necticut man are that It eliminates
waste of light and saves a great deal
of eye strain by directing the light
Useful Electric Lamp.
Just where It Is needed. The lamp Is
fixed on an upright standard and has
a hemispherical reflector which
throws the rays out horizontally. At |
the top of this reflector is a shade,
which in turn deflects the rays to the ,
book or piece of sewing or whatever
it Is that tbo light is needed on. Thus
there is no waste light thrown In a
circle on the floor or in ull corners of
the room where It Is not needed, and
there Is no glare or strain on the
eyes As will readily be understood,
it should be possible to get ull the
illumination one or two persons re
quire with much less candlepower ;
burning.
NEW THINGS IN ELECTRICITY
Development of Wireless Telegraphy
and Erection of Largest Turbo-
Generator Are Latest.
Among the most notable develop
ments in the electrical field during
the year Just closed can be mentioned
the following:
Wireless telegraphy hag been devel
oped until messages are being re
cel ved between San Francisco and
Japan, or across the Pacific ocean.
The worlds greatest steam turlxe
generator, a Curtis machine of rio.ooo
rated horse power, has been built
and put in operation at the Water
side station of the New York Edison
company This single generator,
driven by a steam turbine engine, w in
generate enough electricity to supply
the entire state of Delaware.
Single generators of 25,000 horse
power have been built for large water
power developments In the west.
Electric lighting has been vastly
improved. New lamps have been pro
duced and old processes Improved un
til electric light is the best and the
cheapest artificial illuminant in the
world.
ELECTRIC HEAT IN GLOVES
Unique Idea for Comfort of Driver in
Automobile —Cord Is Attached
to Batteries.
A unique idea Tor the electrical
heating of the gloves worn by the
driver of an nutomoblle is shown In
the Illustration, says the Popular
Mechanic. The heating units consist
or Insulated wire woven into the In
ner body of each glove, and on the
inside of the thumb and one finger,
as shown In the drawing, are contact
points which, when closed over eon-
tact plates on the steering wheel
Electric Heated Gloves.
serve to make a connection so that
the current, flowing through an elec
tric cord nttarhed to the batteries,
passes Into the gloves and bents them.
Trains by Electricity.
Apparently satisfied with the opera
tion of their trains by electricity be
tween Stamford and New York, thirty
four miles, the directors of the New
Haven Haiiroad company have an
nounced that the system Is to be ex
tended from Stamford to New Haven,
a distance of forty-one miles
For Making Bedsteads.
The use of electricity has been very
successfully Introduced Into the tnanu.
tacture of brass bedsteads for the
purpose of heating the metal tubing
while the lacquer Is being applied. J
TO SEND PICTURE BY PHONE
Russian Scientist Expects to Perfsct
Mechanism for Transmission of
Images Over Wire.
That the future telephone user may
be able to see the persou with whom
he Is conversing Is a prophecy that
seems to be justified by the experl
merits of Professor Hosing of the
Technological Institute of St Peters-
burg Metallic cells or elements that
vary the strength of an electric cur
rent under variations In light Intensity
ure being Improved In sensitiveness,
nnd with n simplified receiving ap
paratus a pencil of light Is made to
trace rapidly on a screen a picture of
any Image that may be facing the
transmitter. Two sets of compound
mirrors move so ns to project tills
image—a person or other object—up-
on the light sensitive element In suc
cessive small portions The varying
electric current excites Invisible rays
In a siKH'lal vacuum tube of the receiv
er and as these rays pass In n point
over a tlourescent screen, following
the movement of the transmitter mir
rors, the varying glow reproduces the
light und shade of the original Image.
The movement of the mirrors also con
trols. through a series of electric cur
rents. the movement of the rays over
the screen. A complete cycle of
transmission takes hut an Instant, and
rapid repetitions give a continuous
picture.
INDICATES LEVEL OF WATER
Plan for Showing Depth of Water In
Tank on Roof of Building—ls
Labor Saver.
This plan for saving steps and tell
ing the depth of the water In a tank
on the roof of a building la a time
saver, says the Popular Electricity.
The lamps are wired aa shown and
located in the engine room. I’pon a
slate slab on the tank is a row of four
contacts and one long brass strip.
Over this moves a copper slider con
trolled by guides and fastened by a
rod to a ball float In the water. As
Electric Light Indicator.
the water rises and falls the slldet
moves uii and down lighting the prop
er lamp to show the water level.
Effect of Ultra Violet Rays.
The ultra violet rays have a fatal
efTect on bacteria, and as these tays
are abundantly developed by the mer
cury vapor lamp, a device has been
designed abroad tor the sterilizing of
milk, which Is accomplished effective
ly in a few minutes, it is said. The
milk flows in a thin stream along an
electric light Demonstrations were
first made with water Infected with
different kinds of bacteria, and it is
said that the water was purified in a
few minutes, without appreciably in
creasing its temperature The result
is attributed to the ozone formed wi
der the Influence of the light, but the
demonstrations must be conducted
where there is sufficient room lor the
light to burn freely. This method of
sterilization, without heating or add
ing preservatives, is believed to have
great hygienic value In respect to
nursing children
ELECTRICAL
A 60-mlb; telephone cable will soon
connect Kngland ami Belgium.
A German motor sleigh lias attained
a sped of sixty miles an hour.
The lighthouse service of tho Uni
ted States cost $7,000,000 annually.
Kxperiments show that the yield of
plants may be Increased by elec
tricity.
Paris Is now in direct telephone
communication with Madrid, l.ouo
miles away.
Telephone service between Kngland
and Switzerland has been established
over two routes.
The world's first lighthouse Tor air
ships. built in Germany, sends a pow
erlul beam of light in a vertical direc
tion.
Two Paris department stores use
storage battery driven electric tricy
cles to deliver purchases to custom
ers.
Klectrlcal illumination Is used by
more than 700.000 of a total of about
8,500,000 households In the United
States.
An electric railway from Mexico
City to the summit of Popocatepetl,
17.500 Icet above sea level, is In con
templation
The world's largest telephone ex
change Is at Hamburg. It now takes
care of 40,'1)00 lines, but arrangements
are being made to double tha* uurn
bar.
Ml
CONSTRUCTION OF HEN HOUSE
Few Practical Suggestions That Win
Bo of Much Assistance to the
Poultry Keeper.
,Hy J. G. IIAf.PIN aml C. A. OCOCK.
\Ylmon*ln>
For success in poultry keeping It
Is necessary to have a suitable house
which will protect the fowls from In
clement weather and from their nut
urul enemies.
It must be remembered that from
tho standpoint of the hen, appearunco
makes very little difference, but the
house must be so built and so ar
ranged that it will be a comfortable
place for the hens to live; otherwise
they will not thrive and production
will not be satisfactory. On many
farms the hens arc not provided with
u house constructed especially for
them, but are housed In an old build
ing orlglnully made for some other
purpose. As a rule this sort of a
house Is not economical, for, unless It
Is constructed especially for hens, It
will seldom be found possible to re
construct It In such a way as to
make economical production possible
Poultry houses should be located
where It is dry and well drained. If
the ground is not naturally dry, It
should be ditched and drained urtltl
dally, for poultry will not thrive in
a house when the floor is constantly
wet. A damp location means a damp
Proper Way to Mok® Partition.
poultry house all the way through,
and the result is that the fowls are
uffected with muny troublesome dis
eases.
Houses should be placed so that
they will not be subject to violent
winds, yet good air and drainage are
essential. A house should never be
placed In a low, damp spot where
early fall frosts are likely to occur.
These places arc always cold and un
healthy for fowls.
One hundred hens will tlirlvo In a
pen 20x20 feet, that is four square feet
of floor spae per hen. but one hen
will not thrive In a pen 2x2 feet. In
a large pen each one has a chance to
wander about over the entire floor
space, thus getting more exerelse.
Generally speaking, It is far cheaper
to build a wide house than a narrow
one. A house 20x20 is chcajier than
a house 10x40 und contains as much
floor spare for the hens. A house
20 feet wide, however, will be found
Impracticable for some tyjies of roofs
and will not be found satisfactory
where one wishes to keep a number
of small breeding i<ens. There are
several common types of roofs used
on poultry bouses.
Just which style of roof should be
chosen Is largely a matter of |M>rsonul
preference, hut the type of roof will
he found to influenre the cost of con
struction to quite an extent.
Wherever there is only one poultry
house a partition is always advisable
as it permits on© to keep the hens sop-
Different Types of Roofs Used In
Poultry Houses. 1 Is a shed roof, 2 a
combination roof, 3 a gable roof, 4 a
semi-monitor roof, 5 a monitor roof.
6 a slanting front roof, and 7 an A
type roof.
arated from tho pullets early In the
winter and makes It possible later to
make up a breeding pen of the best
fowls. In a small house, that Is one
not over 30 feet long, one should us«
honrds for the partitions for about
two feet from the floor. Tho rest
may be mndc of wire or cloth except
between the roosts of the different
(tens, where tho boards should run to
the roof.
Feed for Growing Ducklings.
Growing ducklings thrive best on a
feed composed of equal parts, by
measure, of corn meal, ground peas,
bran and middlings, all made Into
thick mash, either with scalding hot
water or milk, tho Intter being tho
better. The inash is Improved by add
Ing Bhort-cut green grass, clover or
some other green stufT, and a few
bandfulls of coarse sand.
Bad Air and Incubation.
The atmosphere of a cellar whero
vegetable ure kept la not fit for an
Incubator. The air, according to Pop
lar Mechanics, Is charged with can
bonlc gas, which Is fatal to young
chicks.
pjjr

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