OCR Interpretation


The Mellette County pioneer. [volume] (Wood, Mellette County, S.D.) 19??-1971, December 27, 1912, Image 4

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96090217/1912-12-27/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

t7> **
% mhR?
Milk with dry hands.
Turkey® kill many insects.
Dampness is bad fur poultry.
Shelter for animals is humane
Swine must have warm sleeping
quarters.
The hooded pail is a long step tow
ard cleaner milk.
Damp houses are the greatest pro
moters of disease among fowls
The average cow is at her beat as a
producer at from 5 to 8 years old.
Unless wisely fed and cared for, a
herd of fine hogs will degenerate rap
idly
The difficulty tn ensiling rape is that
there is too large a percentage of
moisture
The average calf is a badly neg
lected animal, especially during the
tall and winter months.
The dairy cows, especially, will
greatly relish and do well on the odd
turnips, beets and cabbage.
For good churning qualities and uni
form grade of butter, avoid mixing
cream or different skimmings.
It Is expensive carelessness to hitch
a warm horse inadequately protected
from raw winds or a drizzling rain
Shelter for animals is not .only hu-'
mane but It shows up in the feed bins
or in the bony animals in the spring.;
There has not been a better time in ‘
years to take hold of the chicken '
business in a vigorous way than right 1
now.
The growing pig requires protein
and not much corn It is all right eo
give a little corn, but too much is
harmful.
Are your currv combs and brumes
in good condition* You just cau\ af- j
ford to use poxr ones. New xos*
but little.
Neither rape nor clover alone wtp
do for growing, fattening hogs,
must have st.ms grain twice a for
best results.
Feed green <wrn or any soiling' crop
that will keqp up the flow of ml'X un- J
til the pastu ws have been revived by 1
the fall rains.
-
Hogs by nature like a good Jean
bed to He in. They will do aL the .
better for It, because they wl< be 1
more comfortato.e.
A cough in a hog can usual}; be
traced to one erf three things: V®st.
worms or cold, txit there Is no
what it may result in.
By actual experiment. It has fc/en
found that by feeding alfalfa hay with
corn the cost of fattening pigs aas
been decreased about one-half.
Poultrymen who have tried It
claim that a teaspoonful of Venerfan
red in a gallon of drinking watw is
a good bowel-trovble preventative.
I A very good way to raise
calves Is to feed them whole ntjk
from two to four weeks, depend
ing upon the physical condition of tie
calf.
Great care should be exercised tlat
breeding stock, yoang chicks, or egjrs
for hatching be aocured from flocks
which are free from white diarrhea’m
feet ton.
Where only a small flock of shetp
Is kept they should be good, thrift/,
vigorous ewes. Sell off the old ones
and keep lambs enough to keep up
' the flock.
When a sick fowl is discovered, re
move it at once. Maybe if you will
attend to it then and there you can
eave It, whereas if allowed to watt too
long it may die
Select your breed for the special
purpose it Is to be kept for. If there
is no definite purpose, study the mat
ter over carefully till it is known
what kind of poultry will net the best
returns
When a stop is made, turn the
horses toward the wind, if possible,
so that they may cool off. When
they are resting, take the load off
their necks. If possible. Give them
a chance to rool and scratch them
selves when they are unharnessed
st night. They should be given a
good bed and plenty to eat at nfght.
and they should be watered in ’he
■earning before they are fed. * |
Fowls must have grit
Barley is hard to digest.
Rape Is too moist for stling.
Clover likes black, sandy loam.
The “right side" of a cow should bo
both sides
Don’t send any of the lambs to mar
ket in thin condition.
The sheep barn should be put in
shape for the winter.
The cow barn is a poor place to in
stall the cream separator.
Boards are cheaper than hay and
grain for keeping stock warm.
It may be set down as a rule that
ft does not pay to fatten old cows.
A silo 18 feet in diameter and 40
feet high will bold 200 tons of silage.
It Is not an easy task to break a
cow from the habtt of sucking her
self
Farmers at the present time can
own no better stock than healthy grow
ing pigs
No animal that gets only food
enough to export life can make a
gain or profit.
Any man who will strike a horse
in the head should never be allowed
to touch one again.
Treat a calf moan and all the feed
you give him never can make any
thing but a runt of him.
Poultry netting tacked on the inside
of windows in the hen house will save
I the cost of many a glass.
Well bred stock and good feeding
are requisite to obtaining the great
est benefit In stock raising.
Pneumonia kills many pigs before
they get used to sleeping in damp
pens, drafts or snow banks
A solid concrete foundation for the
separator insures it against vibration,
which Is hard on the machine
Don’t forget that If the sheep are
’ not kep» constantly In good condition
the quality of the wool is affected
Silage may be fed to young stock
twice a day and It is a very good feed
, for all kinds of young dairy animals
Remember the limited capacity of
ihe hog's digestive apparatus and
form his concentrated rations aeccrd
ingly.
It Is claimed by those who have
tried it. that a cross of Moscovy drake
on Pekin ducks will produce sterile
progeny.
A ewe in good flesh almost invaria
bly is a good breeder and a good suck
ler, that thin ewes cannot
very well do.
Bruises, and small sores may
develop into wounds. If not
properly after and protected
from the file*.
In a boar It Is well to
bear in mln# that one with heavy
bones is mong <o be desired than one
of the slight torild.
Regular cartful milking permanent
ly Improves animal as a milk
producer, as(A* from directly in
creasing the flow.
One way of peeping dirt, flies, etc,
from dropping into the pall while
milking is to the pall with clean
cheesecloth anx milk through it
The small can keep a vari
ety of live Bt».«a sufficient to produce
something to and bring tn a bit of
ready cesh evt.f month In the year.
Did you kDcv that you can get the
confidence of .he horse* He is of
ten a better £;dge of human nature
than many a nan is of horse nature.
Build the silo next to the cattle barn
where the feol can be taken right
from the silo bto the barn. A feed
carrier makes light work Ik such a
oase.
Charcoal and grit should be kept
where the fowl* can have access to
them at all timvi. They are a pre
ventatlve as wet; as a cure for Indi
geetion.
Dampness and u>ntamlnated ground
are fruitful causal of poultry diseases
The quarters shajld be as dry as a
chip, and the grsgad tn the runs per
fectly pure.
Do you know that feeding rye
straw to pregnant ewes is a bad prac
tlce* The straw eon tains a consider
able amount of eYgot, which is likely
to produce abortion.
Lambs should ba docked when they
are from eight to ten days old. ac
cording to the advice of the Minnesota
experiment station. At that time the
young animal recetves practically no
setback.
Every farm boy and girt who to in
terested In poultry should be given a
flock and a house to keep It tn, and
a chance to make all the profit on It
be can. Many boys and girls have
earned enough keeping poultry to pay
their war through ooUaga
NDUSWX
AND
lECHANICS
EXCELLENT AS NAIL PULLER
One of Features Is Powerful Leverage
That Can Be Brought into Play
by Man Using It
An ingenious and effective imple
ment for the extraction of nails from
packing boxes and the like has been
patented by a Pennsylvania man. One
of Its features is the powerful lever
age which the user can bring to bear
on a stubborn nail. The Illustration
gives a better Idea of the construction
of the tool than words could do, but
New Nsll Puller.
It operates in this way: The upper
handlebar is raised and by the triple
pivot connection raises the curved
lever member. The claw- member can
then be inserted under the box lid and
the latter pried up a fraction of an
inch. The lid is then hammered down
again and the heads of the nails re
main just far enough above the sur
face for the claw, or the little lifter
attached to the side of the device,
to get under and uproot them.
COLLECTION OF DRIED PEAT
Work Can Be Done at Expense of
Twenty-five Cents Per Ton—Fuel
for Generating Steam.
That partially dried peat can be
collected as powder at less than 25
cents a ton. by doing the work on a
large scale, is the view expressed by
Dr. J. Me William, who has been ex
perimenting several years near Lon
don, Ont. The surface of the bog is
broken up with a harrow, the mois
ture in the loosened material is quick
ly reduced by sun and wind to 25 to
50 per cent., and the drier portion is
then sucked up as powder by a suc
tion collector, operating like a
vacuum cleaner. The harrowing and
dust collecting may be made to har
vest powdered peat at a single opera
tion, instead of the usual digging,
stacking, carting and grinding. Part
of the dust proved a cheap and effi
cient fuel for geneiating steam, but
is it was not all fine enough and grind
ing was a troublesome process, its use
was abandoned for the abundant wood
of the locality. With a satisfactory
method of grinding, the experimenter
states that he would return to peat
dust fuel for steam raising, even
where other fuel is so plentiful. A
ton of soft coal is usually rated as
the equivalent of a ton and four-fifths
of peat, but in recent trials in Europe,
the cooling of the boilers by the
greater amount of air required for the
perfect combustion of the coal caused
a loss that made the peat dust nearly
equal in efficiency to an equal weight
of coal.
CLEANING FLOORS MADE EASY
Polishing or Scrubbing May Be Done
Without Operator Stooping or
Kneeling on Floor.
In describing an apparatus, invented
by F. A. McKay of Kingston. Jamaica,
for scrubbing and polishing floors the
Scientific American says: Scrubbing
and polishing may be quickly accom
plished without the necessity of the
operator kneeling or stooping, and ef
fective polishing pressure may be
exerted upon the polishing brush, dur
ing its manipulation by the operator.
For Polishing Floors.
Aa shown in the accompanying en
graving the platform rests upon the
floor. The rib being In direct contact
with the floor, the operator places his
right foot thereon, grasps the handle
bar and moves the operating lever
back and forth, as shown in dotted
lines, thus imparting reciprocating
movement to the brush. The device
may be moved from right to left as
desired to change the point of opera
tion of the brash.
Quicksilver Produced.
Of the 2L236 flasks of quicksilver
produced in the United States last
rear 18,860 flasks come faom from
California and the rest from Nevada
nd Texas
PAINT PRODUCED IN ITALY
Most of That Used In the Country Is
of Domestic Manufacture —One-
third Is Enamel.
Most of the paint consumed in Italy
Is of domestic production, says the
Engineer. Lombardy. Piedmont and
Liguria are the principal producing
centers, supplying about three-fourths
of the total demand of the country.
Italy produces a number of varieties
of colored earths, sienna, verona,
ochres, etc., and. in addition, pigments,
white lead, oxides of lead and zinc,
sulphate or lead, and colors are
largely turned out by the Italian
chemical works
Of the total Italian production of
paint, probably one-third Is enamel;
but the finer qualities of colors,
paints and varnishes, or those adapted
for special uses, are imported as fol
lows: From England, fine trans
parent varnish and paints; France,
enamel paints, tine varnishes and
finest of colors for oil painting; Ger
many, chemical colors, enamel paints,
submarine paints; Netherlands, enam
el paints mixed with specially fine
linseed oil from Dutch colonies, and
varnishes; Switzerland, enamel paints.
The wood fillers used are of Italian
make, and the larger part of w-ater
paints also, some of the latter (kalso
mines) coming from the United States.
Transparent varnishes (without pig
ment) are manufactured in Italy, but
those of finer quality are imported.
The gums and resins used in’ the
manufacture of Italian varnishes are
chieffly from Marseilles, Antwerp and
Hamburg.
VISE FOR AUTOMOBILE WORK
Tool Invented by Illinois Man Equip
ped for Practically Every Kind
of Service.
An Illinois man has Invented a vise
that should have a busy life. It is de-
signed especially for use in the repair
ing of automobiles and is equipped for
practically every kind of service
needed in that business. The general
shape of the tool is that of an anvil
and it can be used as this also. It has
regular vise jaws for all kinds cf
machinist's work, jaws to grip pipes
and ru<|p and other slippery articles.
The upper portion of the vise is
Vise for Auto Work.
swiveled to a stationary base, so that
it revolves In any direction if desired.
Of course, it can be locked to prevent
this turning. For the country garage
In particular, where tools can not
be borrowed a few squares away, a
vise of this sort should prove of great
value, owing to Its being equal to al
most any emergency.
INDUSTRIAL
MECHANICAL
Germany has 61 wallpaper manu
factories.
A new roofing material is steel
coated with lead.
Next to cotton spinning, papermak
ing is the greatest industry of Japan.
The world's production of rubber
next year Is estimated at 91,000 tons,
the demand at 103,000 tons.
The wallpaper industry in this coun
try is about 100 years old, but the
general use of wallpaper dates from
1852.
Jamaica has a great deal of valuable
wood In its interior, but the streams
are not large enough to bring it to ths
coast.
In the production of rice and coffee
the United States ranks tenth, com
pared with other countries of the
world.
The value of the total mineral out
put of Alaska in 1911 is estimated at
820,370,000, compared with 816,889,678
in 1910.
Japan is doing a great business
exporting cotton underclothing, an in
dustry which has sprang up in a very
short time.
Foot power is used to operate a
churn patented by a Kentuckian and
connected with it are fans to keep the
contents cool.
A photographers* tripod that folds
so compactly that it can be carried in
a case in a coat pocket is a novelty
from France.
The steel entering Into the manufac
ture of automobile wheels during last
year amounted to 15,000 tons tn this
country alone.
An easily attached solid rubber Uro
to take the place of a punctured one
on an automobile tn an emergency
has been patented.
Diamonds are almost transparent to
X-rays while paste and other imitation
stones produce shadows when photo
graphed by the rays
(CAW
WHY SOME MEN LEAVE HOME
Wife Could Not Clearly Understand
Husband’s Explanation of Ossified
Man’s Hard Llfs.
“Circus men must leave a hard
life I”
"Indeed they do. Especially the ossi
fied man."
"The ossified man?'
"Yes, the ossified man, see? A
hard life. Hard—ha! ha! ha!"
"You don't mean that really, do
you?"
"Of course, dear. Don't you see, a
hard life! HARD hard, life. I think
that's a pretty smooth one. Ha! ha!
ha—er, don't you get it?"
“But I don't understand. The ossi
fied man certainly doesn't have any
work to do —’’
"Of course not, but you see— ’’
“Then if he doesn't have any duties
to attend to, how can he lead a hard
life?"
"He doesn't! He doesn't! He
doesn't! It's the married man that
leads it. Well, I've got to be getting
to town.”
His Tip.
Billy—Thon your engagement with
Maud is off, old fellow, ch?
Tom —Yes; I'm rather afraid Maud
will be contrary In matrimonial har
ness. She will not caro for team
work.
Billy—No? How did you reach that
conclusion?
Tom —Well. I asked her, supposing
we were married, if she would vote
as I did.
Billy—And what did she reply?
Tom —She said: *No, I should vote
the other way.”—Judge.
Do You See?
"Why is Mrs. Wombat wearing
such' dowdy clothes lately? She
spends half her husband's ipcome on
dress. But why is she w*earing such
bum clothes just now?"
"Her husband's mother is visiting
her just now. See?"
The other woman saw.
WHAT DID HE MEAN?
Miss Gusher—Oh! how 1 wish I
could paint a pretty face!
De Auber (the artist) You
wouldnt if you possessed one!
The Gift Horse Idea.
Wiseman —1 see a dentist says a
man Intending matrimony should look
carefuly at the teeth of the young
woman selected.
Cynicus—No doubt a scientific con
clusion. But it will not appeal to the
foreigner of title in search of Amer
ican money.—Judge.
Bathing Sults, Mayhap.
Hub (looking up from newspaper)
—My dear, have you seen any of
those Invisible suits yet?
Wife—lnvisible suits! What are
you talking about?
Hub—Why, here’s a New York la
dles’ tailor advertising: "Sults made
to order with or without material."
Promise Well.
Intimate Friend—Squiggles, how
does it seem to have a biby in the
house?
Young Father—l didn’t think much
of him at first, but the little—
gar improves wonderfully on acquaint
ance.
The Anxious Husband.
*’My love, I don’t want you to do
your work when we are married."
"That’s considerate of you.”
"And that brings me to a delicate
question. Have you enough money to
enable us to keep a hired girl?"
Appropriate.
"Tinkers, the watch-mender. Is
often heard to quote Shakespeare."
"What la his favorite quotation
from Shakespeare?"
•The time to out of joint.’"
WHY HE CONTINUED Tojjl
Extremely Busy * Man Finals I. I
stands Why CaUer Insist.*?**!
trudlng His Pr e>ence * I
"See here,” said the Rrt . I
when the caller had finalk l. I
mitted to enter the privat. ** I
"this Is the sixth time you hav I
to discuss this mutter i t»/|.| ’ I
the beginning that I would n (n J 0 I
when I was ready to Uk.« It I
you Insist on bothering
• Tui sorry It’s a bother t 0 Vflll .
have ui«- calL” “ '* I
"You must understand that
very busy man. 1 can t und.-r. J
how you are able to afford to u *
so much time hanging around
waiting to see me, when )uu ®
know that your coming isn't goln?!
do you any good I'll tak up J?
case when I como to It in Its
order, and not before. Ive told/*
that a number of times." |
"Yes, I know you have; but th
pretty girl who sits In your outer
flee, telling people you are busy. *
of the most entertaining g|r| 8 t *
met" I
Little by Little.
"Do you remember that aacl<
hero who trained himself by carryh.
a calf a certain distance each
"Yes; the calf grew day by fa
and the athlete eventually found h.r>
self able to carry a full grown ox?
"Just so. Well. I’m going to tn
that scheme under modern condition.
I’ll start with the Monday paper
maybe by the end of the wM|}
be able to carry the Sunday
home."
COULDN’T SEE THEM
She —Women like to be admired by
men.
He —Then why do they always try
to knock out men’s eyes with their
umbrellas*'
Metropolitan Ways.
"But you really can’t < all Metro
polisville a city.”
"We can’t, huh? Why. we've gets
street car strike on that lasted i
month, two murder mysteries tbs
mayor and the chief of polic- under
grand jury Indictments and thirty
seven dlctaphonea In the city hall."—
Life.
His Pet Play.
Edith—That Mr. Phan is conversa
tionally Impossible.
Ethel—Why so?
Edith —We were talking about tbs
theater, and when 1 Inquired whit wy
bls favorite play, he said If he had
any favorite It was seeing a maa
steal second.
Didn't Walt.
First Newsboy—A guy hand< dme a
half-dollar for a paper dis n. -ruing.
I went outer de depot to get de
change an’ when I came back he was
gone.
Second Newsboy—How long *•*
you gone for de change?
First Newsboy—‘Bout two Hours
The Deceased.
"Unfortunately the girl in th” boa
with him when he rocked the boat d
not know how to swim."
"That was unfortunate.”
M*‘For him, yes. You sec she f ' a *’
ed him under the surface and st** 3
on his face to keep her head above
ter."
Law In New York.
“Your honor. I ask for a
venire of 500 talesmen. It wlp a
us some time to select a jury
"Why so?"
"The defense will accept onl' 1114
rled men with blue eyes and warts
the nose, just like the defendant
A Correction. .
"We are drifting toward a l' af,r
form of government,” said the rco t ,
mist. "Pardon me, if 1 correct
responded the suffragette, gently*
be accurate, you should say a 1 :a
nal form of government*’ —Case a
Comment.
Charming* Prn f.
“I’ve just been introduced to r
Smythe; such a charming man to
to. He doesn’t make one feel R
In spite of his cleverness." ,
*Ah, my dear, but that’s because
his cleverness.’'—-Punch.
Another Needed.
Wife—Oh, George, dear, do o rt * r
rat-tryp to be sent homo today
George—But you bought one
week - . is
Wife—Tee, dear, but there s »
that—London Tatler.
Unafraid. u
Goodman—And do you expef l . o f
face your maker with the s me
liquor on your breath? t 0
Rounder—Oh, I don’t
have any breath when that hnPP

xml | txt