GIVES OUT STATEMENT
SUPPLY IS TOO GREAT
FARMERS IN NUMEROUS LOCALITIES
NOW ENGAGED IN WORK OF HAR
VESTING SMALL GRAIN CROPS
Pierre, S. D„ July 17.—Immigration
Commissioner MoOaffree gave oat the
following statement aa to the labor
conditions in this state and tbe efforts
to keep labor in tbe channels where
the supply will be at the proper place
for the demand.
The United States department of la
bor, of whiob T. V. -Powderly is ohief,
has attempted this year daring tbe
indastrial depression in the east to
get laborers who are oat of work to the
weBt, where labor is needed.
Mr. Powderly early in the season
asked the western states as to their
need for harvest help. As
tbfct harvest wages woald be. at
first part of May, .South Dakota's esti
mate oould not bis given, and we told
him some help woald be needed dar
ing the harvest and, as the acreage of
oorn and alfalfa had increased very
largely in oar state, some help woald
be needed for a maoh longer season
than grain harvest. This was posted
in all tbe postofBoes in the United
States and some advertising plaoed by
Powderly in papers whioh circulated
among idle working men. This
93 50 per day and board, that help
woald be wanted in the eastern part of
the state beginning Jaly 15.
Tbe early inquiries at the govern
ment offloe were first directed to
Oklahoma and Kansas, bat they soon
reported plenty of laborers, and then
those seeking jabs began working north
ward and oame to Soath Dakota by the
middle of Jane, and nearly every train
broaght parties numbering all the way
from one to seventeen. This offloe
has been able to plaoe all of them at
work. Of oourse lots have oome to the
various parts of the state and not re
ported to this offloe. In addition, we
had nearly 4,000 letters and telegrams
daring the last month, many of these
representing parties of foar to a hun
dred people, and all inquirers have
been told the towns whioh have asked
for laboring men. The labor commis
sioners of Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebras
ka and Missouri estimate there have
been twenty or thirty thousand tran
sients or temporary workers in their
harvest fields. Of ooarse, a great many
of these expeot to oome to South
Dakota, following up the harvest as
the grain ripens. We think there is
no dcubt at all but there may be some
trouble about distribution. Eaoh town
should have a committeeman to whom
farmers may send word and to whom
all the laboreas would be directed, and
then if there is no work for men who
oome the committeeman should direot
them to the next town or. in oaae thiB
commercial club or business interests
•re not looking after this matter, the
farmers woald do well to seleot some
one and draft him for the purpose.
Hundreds of men have written that
they would like to oome, but oannot
raise the money for transportation.
No means have been found for flnano
log this. If anyone would like to try
this, letters will be forwarded upon
requests and it may be taken op with
.the applicants. Employment bureaus
*nd representatives of labor organiza
tions oiler to send men by the oarload
if it Is made worth while. We have
not undertaken this, but will give tbe
opportunity to anyone interested. It
is an in juetloe to oar people and to the
laborers to get more men here than can
find work. The matter is diffloult to
handle beoaase there is no assurance
that laborers will reaoh the plaoe for
whioh they start, or, on the other hand,
that tbe plaoe to whioh they are direct
ed may be supplied by tbe time they
arrive from ehanoe arrivals on the
Present prospeota lndioate the beet
orope 8outh Dakota baa ever harvest
ed, and nearly all seotions of the state
are In like fine oonditions.
WRITES FROM ROME
Carrier AM Party Enjoying The Woa
den ef The Old World.
Previous toW departure for a sum
mar's tour of Europe. Mrs. EsUlle
Carrier made arrangements with The
Star to furnish a series of letters re
garding the different points visited
These artioles are supposed to appear
exclusively in the Hot Springs Star
and the Rapid City Journal, Following
is her last letter written from Rome:
To the editor of the Star and. friends—
One a. m., we have just returned
from Grand Opera, an Italian produc
tion of "La Traviatta", Fanoy in the
heat of summer, and Italy is hot, an
immense theatre paoked to standing
room with attentive listeners, ready to
hiss any disturbance, and shouting
loudly "Bis! Bie!" for
opera they wish repeated. An orches
tra of eighty pieces gives a setting for
singers, eaoh exoellent in his part.
I asked my guide what company of
artists was here, he replied "Rubbish,
Rubbish!" Just ordinary singers living
in Rome picked up by the management.
Well if this is rubbish what mast tbe
real thing be! How the Italian loves
grand opera! He knows the produc
tions of Verdi and Wagner better than
yon and I know the latest rag time
song, and will explain to you where the
composer rises to the highest artistio
conception. Last night we heard "111
Travatore". It was equally excellent.
We have done the usual stents. We
u»ve eujojtod me Oeauty ot iNnplea,
vtbiuia luo iaittua or xiie watei
was siuooiu tu«i aay, ao w« tmuueu
tbe iue Uiouu, saw Me diver go to
uio bottom aua ouug up coral wniou
we bougut, aua wuxou luiuieaiaitiy
broke lu tu our Hands. We
apeut a uo at a beauiiiui summer
uoiel tu Oaneuio, nign oii a olitt over
uaugiug tae Bay oi iN apitw. Auiaitl
ur»vti ouuupieu auouier day. Hot aua
au«iy, liio it was, tue ria«j was ebjoy
»ole, uear vine uiad rocHe and orauge
KioVeH, towenng niouutaiua on tCe
leit, aud ou tne rignt tar beneath in
lue aitttauue always tbe blue waters ot
1 fMOtiea up with tbe driver most ot
ne wab muon concerned
over uie Uuat ou my ureas ana lor
ooiiboiaiiou, bauK uio parts ul Italian
opera, anu gave tuo to eat ot itie
laquoto truit be bail brot along tor
niweelt aud bib uoioes.
We ate luuou at au iuu, once a
uioUMStai-y built some eignt buudreel
tttrs ago. ue a^ipruaou to tbia mn,
ib by tuauy Ui^utb oi steps up wbiob
you aie oarueu sittlug lu a ulotb obair
oouveyea by two iluuseys. We spent
several bours wauaeriug about tbe
gartiebs aud oioibters peeping into cell
aiiU uuapel, aua tuaiug pictures ot
i'be next day we were in Pompei.
Wbot a dream! Tbe bouses- ot 71) A. D.,
opnu lor our inspection. In fanoy we
see not tbe ruins, but tbe true homes
in tbe Last Days ot Pompei. Here is
(be bu*y way tare lined with shops.
Wine press aud bnfed mixer stand
ready lor operation. Tbe ohariots
rattle over tbe stony pavements oare
tuily avoiding tbe stepping stones from
street to street. iow we enter tbe
aomes of tbe wealthy—cool luxurious,
artistio. It is a pagan city, and yonder
is tbe Temple ot Apalo. Aoross from
it is tbe ttasilioa, or low courts, and
oeyond that tbe torum. How easy it is
to picture it ai Witbin the museam
may be seen the figures of four adults,
two children and oue dog, all perfeotly
preserved in tbelr casement of lava
ashes. The agony of their awful death
is plaiuly depicted in every linement
The tragedy of 79 A. D., oomes vividly
before us, aud iu deep depression we
tarn from Pompei.
Bat in this laud of love and sunshine,
depression is momentary. la com
fortable apartment oars we journey
northward thru a valley iu the Appeu
uiues, Ou either hand are wheat fields
the golden grain beautifully dotted*
with bright red poppies, vineyards and
viue draped orohards. Why should
not the Italian love his Italy! We near
the (Sternal City. What orowds of his
torical thoughts break iu up6n us! The
city whiob for eight hundred years
knew no defeat. The Rome which
worked out tbe problem of govern
ment, and beqaeathed it to the world.
Tbe Rome wnose beauty iu art and
letters bas never been exoelled. But
of this Rome I shall write. The Bpell
of her anoient grand aer and present
lovlinesa is too deep upon me, I oould
My little party are all well and very
happy. They reokon lira and oentesimi
astbothey had never known dollars
and oents, and are having their full
share of "experiences". Our young
man, who, by tbe way, is coaxing out
a mustache, wanted some hot water for
a shave and pressed the button. In
true European fashion it was not
forth ooming at once. Thinking he
had not toaohed the right button he
tried all in sight with the result that a
whole bevy of servants oome clattering
to his call. He seleoted one, rubbed
biti faw, and said "Agua". The servant
bobbed, and soon returned with a
plate, a wine glass, and a bottle of ioe
Oar Hot Springs yoang lady did her
washing, whioh consisted of a pair of
white gloves. A gentle Roman breeze
wafted them out of the window. When
last seen a Roman dog was sporting
with them in the street below. Truly
dogs are dogs even in Rome. Our
nhaperone is mightily bothered with
fites. They like her never-tbe-lesr.
We are all mad on Italy but not mad
enough to forget that on the other
side of the -Atlantio there is a land
whose greatest glory is yet to come
where man Is dependable and woman
la her equal. Greetings!
f*' E. Eatelle Carrier."
I R. KENWOOD, OF DEKALB,
ILLINOIS. COMMITS SUICIDE
BODY FOUND MONDAY
DESPONDENCY DUE TO ILL HEALTH
AND LOVE AFFAIRS SUPPOSED TO
HAVE DEEN CAUSE
Monday morning early Chief of Po
lice MoOraoken was notified by Mrs.
Baomus that a dead man was lying at
the foot of Battle Mountain on tbe
government reserve and upon investi
gation it was found to have been the
body of a suicide. Mrs. Baumns dis
covered tbe body as she was driving
her oattle to pasture. Acting Ooroner
R. D. Jennings, Sheriff E. T. Clark and
Fernand Marooux were oalled to the
scene and made a thorough examina
tion of the body and the surroundings.
The dead man was lying on his right
6ide with a bullet hole in his right
temple passing thru the brain and
ooming out near bis left ear. In his
right hand he held a thirty-eight oali
bre revolver containing three loaded
cartridges, one empty one and one
ohamber of the magazine was also
empty. The powder burns about tbe
face left no doubt bat that it was a
case of suicide. From all appearances
and from tbe oendition of the body it
was evident that the man had been
dead at least twenty-four hours.
Tbe remains were plaoed in the am
balance and brought to tbe Marooux
undertaking parlors. An examination
of his pookets disclosed nothing that
wonld lead to his identity. He was a
man about thirty years old, quite well
dressed in a gray suit and was a little
over tbe average height. After view
ing the body several expressed them
selves of the opinion that he was a
tourist that had but reoently arrived
and that he had been seen about the
oity for only a few days. A sign
painter, O. H. Ross, identified the body
as that of a fellow giving the name of
Richard R. Kenwood and his plaoe of
residence as DeKalb, Illinois. That he
had beoome acquainted with him last
Friday. At that time he had been
drinking heavily and had been very
despondent over his physical condition
and also over some love affair and had
made the remark that he would per
haps be better dead. The last time he
was seen was about seven o'clook Sat
urday evening and it was evidently
only a short time after that he com
mitted the rash deed.
An inquest was held Monday after
noon with J. A. Clark, J. J. Jones and
Emmet B. Cook as the jury. The
Published at Th© Only Carlsbad ot America.
Hot Springs, South Dakota, Friday, July 17th, 1914
THE UNIVERSAL MEDIATOR.
brought oot at the inquest were sub
stantially as given above and their
verdict was to the efifeot that the
deceased oame to his death by his own
Since finding the body the author
ities have been trying to looate some
of relatives of the deceased but to
date have been enable to do so. Dae
to the absenoe of any papers or letters
or other means of identification it is
quite evident that the aot was pre
Later: Sinoe the above was written
Chief of Polioe MoOraoken has re
ceived word from Cashier E. C. Boon
steel, of the JameB Valley Bank at
Huron, instructing him to ship the
body this evening to Blairstown, Iowa.
It seems the dead man has been iden
tified as W. R. Cluett. Hie identity
was made known thru a money order
reoeipt found in his purse.
CLUB MEETING FRIDAY
Clubs Hold Joint
About forty of the members of the
Travelers and Shakespeare Clubs met
at a joint meeting at the holme of Mrs.
R. H. Dolliver last Friday afternoon.
Mrs. E. Highley and Mrs. Dolliver
aoted aa hostesses. The home was pro
fusely decorated with yellow and white
hollyhocks and green foliage, the oolor
soheme being in keeping with the com
bined oolors of the Clubs.
Daring the early part of the after
noon the guests were entertained with
a short musical program, Mrs. A. B.
Gidley, of Marshfield, Oregon, favored
the guests with several vooal selections.
Mrs. Gidley is a singer of unusual
talent and rendered "Beloved It Is
Morn", "An Evening Love Song" and
"The Rosary" iu a very pleasing man
ner.. Following the musloal part of
the program tbe Misses Louise Barrett,
-Myra Knowlton and Marie Juokett
served puDoh on the porch.
As this oooasion was the first meet
ing following the Biennial meeting of
Federation of Woman's Clubs reoently
held at Ohioago and attended by
Mesdames Highley end Dolliver as
delegates, they were urged to give a
report, whioh eaoh lady did. Their
reports were followed by the singing
of the South Dakota song by the
Previous to the departure of the
guests, light refreshments of ioe cream
and oake waa served by tbe Misses
Mary Dolliver, Louise Jennings and
The annual pionio of the Society of
Blaok Hills Pioneers will be held on
Wednesday, July 22nd, at Whitewood
The annual pionio of the Deadwood
and Central Oity fire department will
be held on the same date and at the
same plaoe, GEO. V. AYBES, PretT"
JULIUS DXETKEN, Seo.
ThiB party finding memorandum book
containing $35.00 last July 1st is known.
If $45 00 is returned to the Bank of Hot
Springs, no questions will be asked.
—Allman In Wisconsin State Journal.
SPECIAL TRAIN WILL BE RUN
FROM CAMBRIA. WYOMING.
GOOD CROWD EXPECTED
WILL BRING BAND AND BASE BALL
TEAM- CROWD TO COME FROM
ARDMORE AND EDGEMONT
Thos. Daily, who baa been seoured
by some of the business men to work
np excursions from different points to
this plaoe during the aummer, apent
last week at pointa in Wyoming'and has
an excursion from Cambria, Newoastle
and other intermediate pointa sched
uled for next Sunday, The crowd from
Newoastle and Cambria will bring their
band and ball team and the Burlington
baa consented to furnish them, with a
speoial train for the day. A ball game
between a pioked team from Wyom
ing and one from Ardmore and Edge
mont has been arranged and that will
naturally bring a good orowd here
from the west end of the oounty. Tbe
exact time of the arrival of the speoial
has not been determined aa yet but it
will probably arrive here about ten
o'clook Sunday forenoon.
THE FRUIT BLIGHT
Professor H. S. Coe Reports His Findings on
The Fruit Blifht in the Hills
Professor H. S. Coe, plant pathologist
at Brookings College, waa in Hot
Springs, Monday and Tuesday, and
while here visited the orchards
John Robertson near Erekine. Re
garding the fruit blight Mr. Coe pre
pared an article for one of the North
ern Hills papera and finding praotloally
the same oondition to exiet here he
submitted this article whioh is as
"To the Editor: Apple blight, twig
blight, blossom blight or fire blight,
which ever one we oall it, la oaused by
a bacterial organism (Baoillus amy
lovorous). This baoterial disease—
and baoteria are no more than minute
plants whioh are so small that It would
take 25,000 of them laid end to end to
make an inch—livea over winter in tbe
oankers on the large limbs. Just be
fore the blossoms open, or about the
time the first ones are opening, little
drops of a aweet grayish-brown visold
substanoe loaded with thousands of
these baoteria, ooze out along the edge
of the old oankere. Sinoe this sub
stanoe is sweet, the bees and Inseote
visit it and beoomes smeared with it.
Later on these same inseots visit the
apple blossoms and aooidently leave a
few of the organisms In the fiowere.
Here they multiply rapidly and grad
ually work their way through the steme
of the flower into the twigs, thus caus
ing the blight.
Cat Oat the Oankers.
If the apple growers of the Blaok
Hills will do all they can to remove
the oankere whioh appear upon the
larger limbs in the form of slightly
sunken, irregular, yet definite areas,
they will be taking the first important
step toward oheoking this dlseaaa.
The oenter of the oanker appears
brown and dead,,while the bark along
tbe margin ie generally oraoked and
slightly separated from the rest of the
limb. In removing a oanker, the limb
should be out off at leaat six or eight
inohee below any external eigns of it,
beoause the disease works In advanoe
of the external lesions. Ae Boon as a
limb is removed, tbe stub remaining on
the tree should be washed with a good
disinfeotant, auoh as a 5 per oent solu
tion of oarbolio aoid, or formaldehyde.
When dry it should be painted. Thie
prevents further Infeotion, provided
the limb has been removed below the
We may apeak of apple blight being
a oontagioua disease, sinoe if a pruning
instrumente oomee In contact witb
diseased tissue it will spread tbe die
ease to every healthy braooh or limb
with whioh it later oomes In wfapt
Many of the large oankers are due to
infeotion brought about by pruning
lnetrumente. This method of epread
log the disease oan be avoided if the
out ao'faoe of tbe limb remaining on
the tree Is disinfected and painted. In
cutting off email limbe, eaoh
limb le removed the knife ehould be
dipped in a disinfeotant such as Is
Water Shoots as a Soaroo of Canker,
The young water shooto whioh an so'
of Fred Noerenberg at Cascade and Annual Picnic Will Be Held at the Ardmore
VoL29 No. 13
prevalent in the Irrigated orohards are
a direoi-souroe of many of the holdover
oankere. The disease is transmitted
to these shoots by biting inseote, and
after onue gaining entranoe it works
its way into the large limbs, thus eras
ing them to tarn blaok and dry op.
The orohards ahould be gone over at
least every two weeks and all waste
shoots removed by simply breaking
them off olose to tbe trunk. This
avoids danger of spreading the '"•tntt
with a knife. It le not neoeseary to,
out out the infeoted fruit spurs, bat in
oase the organism Invades a limb
larger than one-fourth to one-half inoh
in diamater, it ahould be removed.
Destroy the Hyslop, Transcendent
Siberian Crab Tram.
These orab trees oontain 90 to 95 per
oent of the oankere whioh oanse the
next year's infeotion, at least In the
Blaok Hills region. If we are to hold
this disease in oheok and save the treee
of our standard varieties, these crabs
must be dug out by the root and burn-
ed—the sooner the better. The
Duohess is slightly more resistant than
other varieties, yet in some parts of
the Hills it is quite badly attaoked.
Too Much Irrigation.
It is the opinion of the writer that':
tbe orohards are being irrigated too
muoh. Apples as a rule do not need
an exoese of water to mature a crop,'
and all water whioh is run Into an
orohard over and above that needed'^'
for the orop oausee a suooulenfc and
rapid growth of tbe young limbs, thus
giving the blight organism an opporta-^
ity to invade limbe whioh it otherwise
would not be able to do. The blight
has not as yet offeoted many of the
orohards in the Hills to the extent but'
what most of the treee can be saved,
but if oareful and immediate attention I
is not given the orohards, they will in
a few yeare be wiped out. H. 8. COE,
Plant Pathologist, State College*'
Brookings, 8. D.
Experiment Farm on Aipit 5th
The following oommunloation whioh
was received by the Star is eelf ex
"My dear Mr, Warner:—
I wish to announce through your:r
columns that the annual Farmers'*'
Pionio of the Ardmore Experiment
Farm will be held on Auguet 5th, 1911.
It la a great pleasure for me to extend
a personal invitation to you and your
readere to be with us on that date, and'
I wonld thank you to give the pionio
wide publicity through your oolumns.
Unfortunately all of our orope were
almost oompletely destroyed by ball on'
June 24th. The damage oaused by this
storm wai so great that we were com
pelled to harvest all of our small grain
crops with the mower! No reoords
were kept of the yields from the vari
ous plants aa the reeults would merely
have been misleading. The oorn and
forage crops were also badly damaged
but have recovered to some extent.
On tbe pionio day proviaion will be
made to look after the comfort and
pleaeure of our visitors to the beet of
our ability. All.vlsltors are requeeted
to bring their own lunoh baskets, other
arrangements are beiug completed to
to have lunoh served OQ^ the grounds at
a nominal sum by tbe ladles of the
Presbyterian Churoh. There will be a
program in whioh several noted agri
cultural speakers will participate.
There will also be a ball game In the
afternoon, probably between Ardmore
Thanking you for oalling this day to
the attention of your readers, and hop
ing that 1 will have the pleasure of
meeting you be?e on Auguet 5th, I am
Very Blnoerely Yours,
F. L. Keleo,
Superintendent of the Ardmore Ex
Fourth Annual Convention of Eaet
District Fall River Oounty Sunday
School Asaooiation Peterson's Grove,
Friday, July 21, 1911.
10:30/ a. m., song eervloe. Prayer,'
Rev. Lonedale, Oelrlobe.
10:15 a. m„ welcome addrees, Rev.
Belling, Rapid Oity. Solo, Miss Pitts*
11:15 a. m., State oonventlon eohoee,
Rev. Case, Hot Springs.
12:00 m., Pionio Dinner.
1:30 p. m., Devotional servioe, Rev.
1:11 p. m.. Business meeting.
2:00 p. m., Roll oall of Sunday eohools
reeponse, seleoted. Cascade, Falrview*
Fall River, German M. E. Horeehead*
Morning Star, Oelrloh, Oral, Pleasant
Hill, Smlthwlok, W. G. Flat.
2:30 p. m^Looal Sunday sohool work,
L. G. Look
wood, Hot Springs. Song.
3:00 p. m., Temperanoe reading, Miss.
3:15 p. m., Addrees, Rev. Joseph"
Wells, Dee llolaesi Iowa. Closing aong.
Dismissal. Everybody welcome,
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