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Hot Springs weekly star. (Hot Springs, S.D.) 1892-1917, August 28, 1914, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96090259/1914-08-28/ed-1/seq-7/

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FOB PUBLICATION.
•Lj No. 019088.
Department of the Interior, U. S. Land Office
It
Bapld City, 8. D., Anenet 11.1»1*.
Notice it hereby given that Worth Garnet, of
Oial, S. D„ who, on April 14.1908, made Home
197jj
etead Entry No,
Dated June 14th, 1914.
gerUl No. 01SM8, for
aection 25,
lerdian. ha*
final five year
Proof, to esUblfoh claim to the land above de
Hummel, Clerk of Courts,
log* jL D., on the list
Claimant namee aa witnesses:
Floyd W eldon, Coleman Huhea, Tom Maahier,
William Casity, all of Oral. 8. D.
JOHH L. BUBKB, Be*i«ter.
First Pub. Aucost 21-latt September 18,1914.
ATOTICK FOB POBLICATION.
No. 096131.
Department of the Interior, U. !8. Land Office
at Rapid Ulty, 8. l., August 11,1914.
Nouce is hereby given that Urin M. Peck, of
Hot Springe. 8. I)., who, on Kay 23, 1911, made
Homestead Entry No. 028131, for KHulu.
section 27, W)iSWJ{, section at, township 7 8.,
nuve 8 E„ B. H. Meridian, has filed notice of
intention to make final three year Proof, to
establish claim to the land above described,
before George Hummel. Clerk of Courts, in his
otlce, at Hot Springs, 8. D., on the 26th day of
September, 1914.
Claimant names as witnesses:
Fred Schnller, of Hot Springe, 8. D., Warren
Coles, of Oral 8. D, John Qlllis. of Buffalo
Gap, 8. D. els Nelson, of Hot Springs, S, D.
JOHN L. BUKKE, Register.
First Pab. Aagnct2l-last September 25,1914.
VTOTICK fob publication.
•H No. 028086.
Department of the Interior, U. 8. Land office
at Bspid City,
8. D.. Augnet 11,1914.
NEK. section 12, township 7 8., range 5 B„
H. Meridian, haa filed notice of Intention t.
nuke final Proof, to establish claim to the land
above described, before George Hummel. Clerk
of Courts, in his office, at Hot Springs. 8. D. on
the 27th day of October, 1914.
Claimant names as witnesses
Dr. R. D. Jennings, John H. Evans, B. I
Qlattly, William A. Kankln, all of Hot Springs,
S* D«
Johk L. Bdrkc. Register.
First Pub. August 21-last October 23,1914.
Notice of Intention to Appropriate
Water.
No. 210-2 I-s
(First Publication August 21 1914)
Appropriation of Water. Office of-the State
Bninneer. Pierre, 8. D., August 15,1914.
Notice is hereby given that the Chicago. Burl
ington A Quincy Railroad Co., Lines West of
Missouri River, whose poetoffice address is
Lincoln, Lancaster County, Neb., has made an
application in accordance with the provisions of
.the irrigation laws of South Dakota for a permit
to appropriate for beneficial use one-half cubic
rfeet of water per second of time from Hot Brook
through the C. B. &Q. pipe line the point of
diversion of whleh is to be located upon the left
bank of Said stream in the 8EK of the NE 4
•f section 14, township 78.,range5 E.. B. H. M.
Mid water to be used for the purpose of general
railroad and domestic supply.
This application will be taken up by the state
engineer at his office at Pierre for consideration
and appropriate action upon the 14th day oi
,i ah 11tl
A
K•e,
a i_ 1 ft «.
rmit would be detrimental to the public wel
and also parties making the application,
and to be benefited, are notified to be present
etther by sworn affidavit or in person for the
purpose of presenting any relative testimony.
HOMEB M. DBRR,
__ State Engineer.
First Pub. August 21-last September 11,1914.
Summons
8Ute of South Dakota, County of Falls River,
(as. In the Circuit court thereof Seventh iodl
clal Circuit.
Marjory Uilchrlst, Plaintiff, versus Andrew C.
Gilchrist, Defendant.
The State of South Dakota to the above named
Defendant:
You are hereby summoned and required to
answer the complaint of the plaintiff in the
above entitled action, a copy of which said com
plaint is hereunto annexed and herewith served
upon you, and to serve a copy of your answer to
the said Complaint on the enbscribere, at his of
fiee ln the City of Hot Springs in the County of
Fall River in said State of South Dakota, within
thirty days after the service of this Summons
npon you, eiclusive of the day of such service
tand If you fail to anevyer the said complaint
within thirty days after the service of thle
Summons upon you. the plaintiff In this action
will apply to the Court for the.
relief demanded
fin the said complaint.
.Ji
P. F. WABD,
Attorney for Plaintiff, fall Kiver county, South
Dakota. H.4 Springs, 8. D.
First Pub. Aagust 14.1ast September 18,1914.
To the Above Namea Defendent:
Tou will take notice that the eomplaint in the
above entitled action was filed with Clerk of the
Courts in and for Fall River County. S. D., on
the 14th day of August, A D. 4914.
P. F. WARD
Attorney for Plaintiff.
First Pob. August 14-laet September 18,1914.
Juckett A Adams, Attorneys for Administratrix.
Notice of Sale of Real Estate.
State of South Dakota, County of Fall River,
ss. in Oounty Court.
In the Matter of the Estate of Edmund S.
Kelly, Deceased.
Notice Is hereby given that in pursuance of an
Order of the Connty Court of the County of Fall
River and Sthte of South Dakota, made on the
24th day of August, A. D. 1914, In the Matter of
the Estate of Bamund 8. Kelley, Deceased, the
undersigned. Administratrix of the estate of
said deceased, will sell on or after 5th day of
September. A. D. 1914, at private sale "For cash
or one-third cash and the balance secured by
real estate mortgage for not exceeding three, 3,
years, the following described real estate
to-wit,
"One-half interest in the followlng,-
The Northhalf of the Northeast quarter, NV4
NEU, section Thirty-four, 84, township seven, 7,
south, range five, 5, east, B. H. M. the South
half of 8outheaat quarter, 8V4 SE4, section
twenty-seven, 27, township seven, 7, south, range
ave, B, east, B. H. Lots thirteen, fourteen,
sixteen and twenty-seven, 13, 14. 18 and 27, in
block twenty-three, 88, Second Minnekahta Ad
dition to City of Hot Springs, South Dakota, Lot
twenty-nine, 28,ln block four, 4, Lot five, 5, in
ock seven, 7, Hot Springs, 8. D„
One-fourth interest In the following:
South half of Northeast quarter, a54 NKJ4,
riorth half of Southeast quarter, hh Stt!4 sec
tion twenty-seven. 27. and sooth half of north-
PW|f ||Pm« UV«Ht DMt D( XI. n,
Toe east half of Northwest quarter EH, NWJ4.
northwest quarter of northwest quarter NW&
NwK -the northeast quarter of southwest
quarter NEJ4 8W54, section thirtyflve, 85, town
ship seven, 7 south, range fives east. H. M.
Low fire, six and seven. 5,6 and 7, in block seven
7. {Stewarts Addition to Hot Springs, South
Dakota Lots eleven and twelve 11 and 12, in
Mock seven, 7, Lots five, 5, in block nine, 9,
Sots
tewarts Addition to Bot Springs, South Dakota
nine. 9, and ten, 10. in block fifty-five, 65.
and lots four, five and six, 4, and 6, in block
DBriats, d, D.
Entire interest in the following:
Lets six, 6, in block two, 2. Stewart's Becond
Addition to Hot Springs, S.
D,
lots fourteen
and fifteen, 14 and 15, in block fifty-six, 58,
Sulphur Springs Addition to Bot Springs, 8. U.
lots seven, 7, in block twenty-seven 27, and lots
twenty four, twenty-five, and twenty-six 24-25-28,
la black twentymlne. Second Minnekahta Addi
tion to Hot 8primes, S, D. Lots one.and two 1 and
I la klook two, S, Minnekahta Addition to Hot
Bprtags, 8. D. lot one. 1, in block six, 8, Original
town of Hot Springs, S. P., and lot four, 4, In
Wook^eljbtj 8. Highland Addition to Hot
JMds for the sale of said property will be
eBa4sd the eflice of Juckett & Adams, Attor
aejrs for the Administratrix, at their office In the
PoataMss block In the oity of Hot Spridgs,
Hnalh Dakota, at or after the 29th day of August
A^p., 1914
,. MM atSot'Spitefs, South Dakota, this 24th
.day or August, A. D.
1914.
Carrie A. Kelly,
^.Administratrix of the Estate of Edmund S.
First pah. Aug, 28-lat Sep. 41914.
Familiarity.
be know her very well 7"
THi moat I overheard him telling
that ahe la getting fat"— Detroit
Press.
The brave man may fall, bnt he
®*pnot yield.-Irish Proverb
Dr. R. C. Matteson,
5 r.
PEEP AT MEXICO
The Country's Area Now and
What It Was Originally.
HAS LOST A VAST TERRITORY.
Nearly a Million Square Miles of Ita
Land Hava Been Added to the United
8tates—Still a Big Country, Though,
and Has an Enormous Coast Line,
It Is Interesting to note that the area
»f Mexico is practically as great as that
of the United States between the Mis
sissippi river and the Atlantic coast,
the great lakes and the gulf of Mexico,
varying in altitude from sea level to
18,000 feet Its climate is affected by
these elevations and by a range of
eighteen degrees of latitude. Twelve
hundred miles is the distance traversed
in passing south from Juarez, on the
northern boundary, to the capital, and
900 miles more to tbe southeastern
boundary. The gulf of Mexico and
Caribbean sea coast line extends for
1,'00 miles, while tbe Pacific ocean and
gulf of California touch 4,000 miles of
Mexican coast
Prior to 1830 Mexico, aa a Spanish
colony, and tbe United States covered
approximately equal areas, but tbe
Texas secession and the result of tbe
Mexican war added nearly a million
square miles to our territory, and the
extent of Mexico now Is less than one
fourth that of continental United
States. Mexico has still territorial ex
panse equal to tbe aggregate of Aus
tria-Hungary, Germany, France, Great
Britain and Ireland. Tbe total area of
the republic, 767,000 square miles, ia
less than that of Texas, California,
Montana, New Mexico and Arizona
combined.
The average density of population
of Mexico approximates twenty per
square mile, the most thickly populated
parts, outside of the federal district,
being tbe states of Tlaxcala and Mex
ico, tbe former being less than Dela
ware in size and of about tbe same
density of population and tbe latter be
ing nearly as large as New Hampshire,
but with more than twice tbe number
of Inhabitants. Tbe federal district
molded after tbe District of Columbia,
but of eight times greater area, is sur
rounded by the state of Mexico, the
large population of the capital. 470,000.
materially aiding In bringing the aver
age to more than 1.200 per square mile.
During nearly 300 years subsequent
to the conquest by Cortes. Spain doml
nated Mexico A century ago a bold
effort for freedom was started, which
eventually resulted in the republic of
Mexico of today. More than half of
the first century of Mexican Independ
ence was abortive, one coterie after
another coming into temporary power
and a number of those acclaimed rul
ers after brief regimes meeting igno
minious death at the handa of tbe peo
ple they sought to govern.
The form of government adopted by
Mexico follows In general that of the,
United States, having executive, Judi
cial and legislative divisions. Bach of
the twenty-seven states is represented
in two houses of congress, composed of
senatora and deputies. Congress holds
two sessions each year for limited pe
rloda. Each state has its governor and
legislature and ia subdivided into dis
tricts or counties, over each of which a
Jefe politico ia placed, the districts
having subsidiary municipalities with
magistrates, prealdlng officials and
conncila. The so called autocratic fea
ture of the government may be largely
dne to the fact that governors hold of
fice with approval of tbe president
that Jefe polltlcos have similar rela
tione with the governors and that the
officers of the municipalities are gener
ally controlled by tbe Jefe polltlcos.
The church and atate are independ
ent and congress cannot pass laws
prohibiting or establishing any reli
gloa Of tbe 16,000,000 inhabitants
two-fifths claim direct descent from
ancient tribes or families which are
accepted as the basis of Mexican his
tory, two-fifths are of mixed native
and foreign blood, the remainder being
classed under the common appellation
of "foreign."
Tbe City of Mexico, 264 miles by ran
west of Vera Crus and 7,400 feet alti
tude, la reached by two rail routes
climbing from tbe bot landa through
difficult mountain passes, one of which
closely follows the trail taken by Cor
tes in 1619, by General Winfield Scott
with American troops in 1847 and over
which fifteen years later the Invading
French troops passed. It Is the most
populous city. One-half of the railroad
mileage of the country la between aea
level and 6,000 feet and about an equal
amount between 6,000 and 10.000 feet
—From National Geographic Society In
Waahlngtoa
Ancient Gold.
In olden times gold was obtained
abundantly from the rivers of Asia.
The sands of Pactolua, the golden
fleece secured by tbe argonauts, tbe
yellow metal of Opblr, the fable of
King Mldaa, all Illustrate the eastern
origin of gold. Alexander tbe Great
brought nearly $900,000,000 of gold
from Persia. Gold also came from
Arabia and from the middle of Africa
by way of the Nile-
Waye of a Woman.
"Let us go into tbe garden," be aald
as tbe twilight hour approached.
"I'm afiaid you'll want to sit in tbs
hammock with me and bold my hand."
M1
Bot Spring., 8. D.
swear won't"
Then what's tbe user—Detroit
Free Press.
Habit is tbe deepest taw of human
natur*—Carlyle.
MUSICAL HEADS AND FACES.
»ey Have a 8hape All Their Own,
Says a German Soientiat.
That all musicians are "freaks," so
far as their physical appearance goes,
Is the opinion of Dr. Paul Sohn, the
German scientist. Not only this, but be
finds that regardless of their race or
nationality, all persons of marked mu
sical ability ahow a close resemblance
to one another in the shape of their
heada and facea. Tbe bead and coun
tenance of the typical musician often
look very much like tbose of the lion or
the sphinx.
The peculiar, ahape of a musician's
head is due, Dr. Sohn believes, to the
gradual expansion of the sound center
his brain and tbe consequent change
in the conformation of hia akulL Thla
Is why the heads of Wagner, Beetho
ven, Robert Schumann, Blchard Strauss
and other great muslclana all have an
eccentric, abnormal and sometimes fan
tastic appearance. A musician's sound
center develops abnormally because it
la there that everything in his life finds
its motive.
The musical head and face ore of a
primitive type, because musical genius
Is a reversion to tbe time when men
communicated their ideas by means of
more or less Inarticulate aounda. But,
although the musician'a physical ap
pearance Is barbarous In Its lack of
beauty and regularity, It contains no
bint of degeneracy.
The typical musical bead la charac
terized by tbe horizontal breadth of
the forehead, tbe broad nose and chin
and the wide, extremely mobile month.
Tbe brow often overbangs greatly, aa
was so notably tbe case with Beetho
ven. Tbe eyes are lustrous, but bear a
separated, dreamy expression. The
bands are broad and strong.
"Musicians," says Dr. Sohn, "are ab
solute slaves to their sense of sound,
snd it is this that not only affects their
physical appearance, but makes them
mentally so nervous and excitable. The
main feature of the musical Intellect la
that mental excitement seeks a differ
ent outlet from that in the case of ordi
nary men."—New York American.
MARK TWAIN AS A LINGUIST.
Hia Grim Vow After He Firmly Decid
ed to Learn French.
When Mark Twain waa a young re
porter, working on the San Francisco
Call, be made up his mind to learn the
French language. He did not want to
go to tbe expense of a teacher, and so
be bought a grammar and conversation
book and aet to work. Before breakfaat
be pored over tbe lessons late In tbe
evening be waa at it again, and every
available moment of tbe day he em
ployed with equal assiduity.
He soon began to look about for op
port unities to make use of his new ac
complishment Accordingly be began to
eat at a French restaurant once a week.
One day as be and hia roommate
were coming out of the restaurant they
found on the sidewalk Just outBlde the
door a Frenchman. He was asking
first one passerby and tben another the
way to a certain street but no one un
derstood him. That waa Mark'a
chance. Tbe Frenchman looked at
him with wistful eyes and began to
talk. Mark listened attentively. Three
or four times tbe stranger was com
pelled to repeat hia question, then
Mark seemed to catch bis drift But
be bad scarcely apoken balf a dozen
words in reply, when the Frenchman
fell to tbe sidewalk in a dead taint
The true cause of tbe stranger's
fainting may never be known. Very
likely be waa famished, and perhaps
he had been put out of this very res
taurant because of bis seedy appear
ance. But, whatever tbe cause, tbe
Joke waa on Mark for once. Mark'a
roommate waa careful enough of hia
friendship not to tell the Incident at
the office of the Morning Call, bnt he
teased tbe rising humorist a good deal
about It When tbe fun bad lasted
long enough Mark aet his Jaw, and
with unlimited determination written
on hia features announced, "I'll learn
French If it killa every Frenchman In
the country!"—Youth's Companion
Why Lake Is Like a Person.
A lake resembles a living iteing in
many ways. It tins a pulse ltt sur
face rises sod fails rhythmically it
haa a circulation Ita wntei not only
ebbs and flows, out there are undercur
rents by which the Die Kivtni: osygeti
is carried to orxutu.sins which dwell in
its depths It (iocsi muscular work
The shores are eroded, and wharves
are moved by the Ice pressure. It di
gests food, and some lakes, sad to say,
sometimes have Indigestion. And so
we might continue tbe comparison and
tell of Its smiles and frowns and tbe
music of Ita wavea upon tbe ahoro.—
Atlantic Monthly.
Blended.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator
of Sherlock Holmes, once said that be
wrote bis first book at tbe age of sis.
It appears to bave been a story of
adventure of tbe most exciting kind.
"There wss a man in It and a tiger,"
81r Arthur aald. "I forget which of
tbe two waa the hero of tbe story, bat
It didn't matter which because about
the time tbe tiger met tbai man they
became blended into oner
All Hanging On.
Patience—And you say there were a
lot of women banging onto the straps
in the car? Patrice-Yea, and a lot of
men hanging onto tbe Beats.—Yonkers
Statesman.
Net Giving Time
Customer-1 want thla suit by the
80th. Can I bave It on time? Tailor
No, air we do a atrictly cash busin
—Boston Transcript
Wipe out tbe past trust ths futnrs
and Uve la a glorious now.—4\WML.
Capital Has Flowed
Into Mexican Oil
Untold Millions Invested
THE
flow of capital into the oil
fields of Mexico in the laat
four years, checked only with
tbe recent outbreak of hostili­
ties at Tamplco, haa ita parallel in the
flow of oil from the sands many hun
dreds of feet under Mexican aurface.
Investments In the Panuco and Toplia
territory, along the Panuco river, and
in the southern field are easily in ex
cess of $200,000,000, about one-eighth
of the assessed valuation of real estate
in Philadelphia.
Oil in commercial quantity was d'a
covered in Mexico about ten years ago.
Four years ago less than a half dozen
companies were operating in the three
fields. Today, from the best informa
tion obtainable, there are fifty-flve
American, thirteen British, twenty-one
Mexican and various companies repre
senting interests in Holland, Germany
and other nations.
Capital that has been poured Into
Mexican oil enterprises from the Unit
ed States is well in excess of $100,000,
000. Nearly all the companiea operate
under lease.
This, however, is the smallest item in
tbe cost account. To drill and equip a
well costs on an average $25,000. Elev
en companies have what are termed In
oil parlance tank farms—great areas
covered with steel tanks, each of 55,000
barrels capacity. The tanks cost about
$12,500 apiece, and it is estimated that
250 dot the oil fields. The Mexican
Petroleum company alone has about
100 Buch tanks.
Besides the steel tanks, earthenware
storage has been thrown up, the flow
of oil frequently exceeding the steel
tank and barge capacity. Pipe lines,
from three to six miles long in the
Panuco field and from thirty to seven
ty-flve miles long in the southern field,
bave been constructed. In the south
ern field are the wells of tbe Lord Cow-
$
§lfr^
ill?:
OIL 0UBHHB IN TAMPICO DISTBICTT.
dray intereata, Standard Oil, Ameri
can, Zaleta Mar, Electra and Huaer
tica companies, which pipe oil to Tam
plco and Tuxpam.
Oil is to Mexico what gold waa to
California during tbe influx of tbe
forty-nlnera. California baa 8,000 oil
wells, producing 200,000 barrels a day.
Mexico haa six wells with a dally pro
duction of 845,000 barrels. Mexico
shipped 1£25,611 barrels of crude oil
to United States ports in March. Tbe
average price was slightly In excess
of 55 cents a barrel. Mexico collected
an export duty of 50 cent8 (Mexican) a
ton—about aix and one-half barrels.
Tbe bulk of the oil is shipped through
Tamplco, being barged down tbe Panu
co river from Panuco and Toplia, or
piped from tbe southern field.
Crude oil represented 90 per cent of
the total exports at Tamplco and tbe
agency at Tuxpam last year. Ship
ments of oil from Tamplco were valued
at $7,130,632, compared with $3,000,
000 for 1912, and from Tuxpam $4,664.
714, compared with $085,571 for 1912.
The three greatest producers In Mex
ico are the National Oil company. Phil
adelphia, with wells of a productive
capacity of 80,000 barrels a day tbe
Corona, 150,000 barrels, and tbe Pear
son Portrero de Leano, 100,000 barrels.
Three other great producers are the
Juan Caslano well of tbe Mexican Pe
troleum company, which baa been flow
ing 25,000 barrels a day for flfty-two
months the Pan-Mex (Standard Oil
company) and the Bowser-Sims, each
20,000 barrels a day.
After a conference with Sir Cadi
Spring-Rice, the British ambassador,
and Minister Van Bappard of the Neth
erlands Secretary of 8tate Bryan an
nounced that the United States govern
ment Is seeking to reach an agreement
with foreign nations whereby Ameri
can oil operators will not be deprived
of their oil leases as a result of tbe
disturbed conditions at Tamplco.
"We are endeavoring to arrange,"
said Secretary Bryan, "with all govern
ments represented in the Tamplco Held
that no advantage may be taken of the
exceptional conditions there. Wo de
sire to maintain as tar as possible the
statu
QUO,
so that no man should suf­
fer by his temporary absence.''
ANCIENT cm OF IEXICO,
™$, SLEEPS ON
Villa's duns Will Soon Dis-
turb Calm of
ges'
Tspirit
HOUGH separated only by a
river from the United States,
Mexico to us Is still largely a
foreign land, not only in fact
but in Notwithstanding our geo
graphical nearness, we have in reality
always been strangers to the Mexicana
—a people whose ideas and ideals are
so distinctively different from our own
that we cannot Judge them by our own
standards in the least Curious cus
toms and strange sights often give
convincing evidence of a civilisation
utterly remote In its origin from ours.
Among the spots out of the beaten
track, but which just now Is coming
more into the limelight of publicity is
Zacatecas, which lies In the direct line
$
MOUNTAIN BOAD LEADING TO ZACATECAS.
of advance for the Constitutionalist
forces to the City of Mexico. It is the
capital and chief city of the state of
that name and Is situated 439 miles
from tbe City of Mexico. This quiet
little city of 40,000, perched high
among the mountains, Is like nothing
so much as a bit of ancient Egypt
dropped from out the Biblical ages into
the seething unrest of the western
world.
Up narrow, rock paved streets wan
der burros in pairs or dozens, heavily
laden with baskets, charcoal, wood,
feed, ore, everything cartable, not only
goods and chattels, but whole families
as well. Sometimes the babies are di
viding attention with the chickens,
squawking their disapproval on the
other side or the pig voicing bis from
a precarious position across the back.
On either side rise tier upon tier of
flat topped adobe bouses, for no two
streets are upon the same level, and
sometimes the little cross streets con
necting are made up of steps alone, the
whole being dominated by the Bufa,
whose peaks appear ready to topple
over the city at any moment Tbe city
itself is 8,000 feet high, and the Bufa
goes a thousand feet more Into the
clouds.
Domes and towers galore leave no
doubt of the road to the places of wor
ship, even should the tourist be deaf
to tbe continual clangor of the bells.
Tbe cathedral is a mass of rich carv
ing of brownstone, In which the life
size statues of Christ and tbe apostles
are but a beginning of the beauties
OBSXBVATOBY AT ZACATKCAS.
that dawn upon the artist's eye, the
whole being capped by an immense
tiled dome and two great towers.
It la the silver mines surrounding
the town that support It some of
them dating back to the time of Cor
tes and yet still producing. Wonder
ful stories are told of fabuloua wealth
found in a night but, whether good or
bad, there is no mine but bas ita little
shrine to the Virgin.
Hours may be spent loitering near
an old fountain, where natives travel
to and fro, filling large water Jars In
shape and size tbe same as Bebecca
carried to the well centuries ago.
Much of this water Is brought In by
an old aqueduct. In many ways tbe
counterpart of the one that supplied
•sclent Borne.
rj4„ H«e
City Has Manners and Cus-
toms of Departed
Centuries.
Other water carriers or aquadors, as
they are called, use a yoke across the
shoulders with a bucket at either side,
while the milk wagon ia a burro, with
the cans balanced In panniers, or else
a goat driven to the door and milked
while you wait
Hundreds of patient burros plod the
streets or take their way across the
mountainous roads to the mines or
villages in the vicinity. They are
driven or ridden by as picturesque
characters as ever stepped from a sto
ry book, for tbe peons still cling to.
their own distinctive costumes.
They wear sandals upon their feet!
such as MOBCS wore. The men wear1
the largest hats In the world and the
women none at all, but a simple re
bosa, or scarf, generally tightly wound
around a baby. The men have thrown
about their shoulders the ever present
serape or blanket of the most brilliant
colors, even tbe young boys wearing
them with a grace not excelled by any
stately dame of fashion's whirl. The
men's trousers are generally akin tight
and rival in color Joseph's coat from
the wealth and variety of their
patches.
Tbe adobe bouses, which are mostly
low, opening directly upon the street,
lend themselves to the rarest tlnta of
azure, brown, rose, green and yel]pw,
but outside of this give little idea of
the interior. There, around an Inner
patio, brilliant with blooming plants'
and vines, open casemented doors and{
windows into quaint old arched and!
high ceilinged rooms, with furniture!
that would make the lover of antiques'.
green with envy.
Street venders uttering weird cries?
pass constantly, while women andr
children are squatted along tbe side-i
walk or in ddorwaya with baskets or!
little stands of dulces, tamales, cakes,,,
•&[
i" it
1
Photo by American Press Association.
K. BTBEBT KSNI IN THX PZAGXTUL TOW*.
fruit or drinks. Their sales for the
day or sometimes far Into the night
seldom amount to more than 12 or IS
cents, for the most frequent purchase
Is one piece of candy or cake.
One place alwaya visited by tourists
eacb Sunday morning Is Nuevo street,
or, as it is sometimes called, Thieves'
market It la a little, narrow street
on either aide of which next to tbe
sidewalk and spread oot on the
ground is such a conglomeration of
articles as can scarcely be enumerated,
from mahogany furniture and antique
Jewelry to wooden legs, line combs,
false teeth, old bottles, n«tn»«, guns,
pieces of iron, flowers, toothbrushes,
broken lamps and one day a tiny coffln.
Even in the market tbe provisions'"
are purchased in the smallest of quan
titles, generally for the day, or, more
often, for the meal, and yon can buy
tbe leg of a chicken, an eighth of a'
cabbage, a slice of watermelon, a hand
ful of beans or a spoonful of lard. I
A winding born announces tbe sp-«
proach of the street car, which passes
once an hour up to 7 o'clock In the
evening. The cars are very a ma 11 «nfl
are drawn by three miniature mules,
who are pushed downhill by the ctr)
and lifted up hill by the adjurations of
the driver.
Here is nothing of the strenuous life.
Time is never supposed to fly
wings .were clipped hundreds of years
ago, and he atill lingers. by tfa# war*
side, taking all things as tbeg .coqie,,.,.
but never hurrying.
And so they go their way In this lit
tle city among the-mountains, regard
less of the casuai^strangerwtthln their
gates, still clinging to the customs of
agea past and gone, with something of
a wholeaome contempt for other cities
where the foreign element has changed
and modernized many things.
Tbe continual warfare has fallen,
heavily npon them, but It has changed
very little^ their habits of: life and
thought It Is symbolical df'thetr
llglon to believe that God will tatfofpt
cars of tomorrow, and manaha to
bases few terrors, regardlesa tf
apecters of war and famine.
Ws£

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