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PRACTICAL HEALTH HINT.:
Sneezing In Publio Placet. As it is a common offense and a very annoying one, persons sneezing or coughing should make It a point to use a band kerchief. It is necessary for rea sons of health to use the hand kerchief as a shield to safeguard those near by. The moisture from the nose or mouth is laden 'With minute germs -which are capable of infecting the person touched by them. Such diseases I- as diphtherin, scarlet fever, ton silitis and grip are acquired from those we meet in crowded cars and places of amusement. The moist exhalations from those suffering from sore throat are very dangerous. It is never safe to catch even the breath of any one who is ill for this reason. irtrtrtrirtrtrtt-btrirb-trhiririiii-Criiiittti-irtrit END OF THE DEFIANCE. Built For America'e Cup Honore, Inter in was still further An 3 8he Goes to the Junk Heap. Having failed iu (lie preliminary trl-! als last year, the Defiance, built in the ho^e that she would prove worthy toI race against Sir Thomas Lipton's chal lenger for the America's cup, has been sold for junk. The Defiance was built by a syndicate of New York, Phila delphia and Boston yachtsmen and cost over $100,000 to build and con duct through her brief season of rac ing. Defiance had the smallest lateral plane of any of the three aspirants cup defense laurels, ami signed to carry a larger than either Resolute was so much overranvased a race or two the ported, that those season it reduced. She der and weak, was ten BO much so, it was re who sailed on her were afraid of the craft. Finally it was announced that there were flaws in her mast step, and the yacht was immediately withdrawn from the trial races. Commodore E. Walter Clark, the lar gest owner, bought out the interest of the other members of the syndicate at the end of the season and after a thor ough examination of the craft It was decided she was not fitted for a further career on the water and thus was sold for junk.—Exchange. NAVAL ARMOR PLATE. A Suggestion That Rubber Might Be Better Than Steel. If the present war has proved any thing It has proved the inadequacy of the protection afforded by armor plate covering the under water vital parts of a ship. The armor does not extend sufficiently far below the water line to assure complete protection when the •easel Is rolling, and In this respect a suggestion put forward by a writer in I\ppular Science Slftlngs might be .worth serious consideration by the na val experts. Describing an experiment made In I860 on the recoiling strength of rub ber, he says that apiece of rubber two inches thick and a foot square was placed under a steam hammer, and a six Inch round shot was placed on .it The hammer fell with tremendous force and broke the shot to pieces, the rubber remaining elastic and unim paired. Results from great explosive force on rubber flooring and buffers have abown that beyond fusing by heat the rubber remained uninjured, BO parently rubber would make a ship more shot proof than armor plate.— Pearson'* Weekly. Great Britain and Herringe. In time of peace there is no port in the world Into which so many herrings Are brought as Great Yarmouth, and Lowestoft is not far behind. In 1912 the herrings landed at these two ports together numbered 1,301,000,000 and in 1MB 1,862,000,000, and many went to Grimsby also. In 1013 the return for Grimsby was 75,487,000. Probably the nnmber brought Into all ports In the British Isles was close on 3,000,000,000 herrings in twelve months. Catoh Moles and Make Money. Nearly all the moleskins used for making the fur garments that are now so fashionable are Imported from Bu* rope. But the Scientific American re marks that American farmers may turn the pest of moles into a source of profit, aa the United States biological survey reports that the common moles of our eastern states supply a skin ac tually superior to that of the foreign Longevity of Doctors. Doctors are notoriously their own toost disobedient patients. Usually they eat and sleep irregularly, they an oat In all kinds of weather, and tbay hesitate at no danger of contagion or Infection. Yet of the 2,205 physi dans who died in the United States last year 214 were more than eighty years old and twenty-one of them more than ninety. The average age was about sixty-one years.—Exchange. Egypt's New Flag. ap The new Egyptian flag consists of tbnee whlte crescents with their backs to the staff, each with a five pointed trblte star between the horns on a red field. Ibis flag was the personal stand sjrd of the khedlve and now takes the pl$ce«f tike former national flag, which was distinguished from the Turkish by' a atarof five Instead of al THE SUBMARINE. Explanation That Somehow bidn't Seem to 8ink In. "George, dear, what Is a subma rine?" "A submarine, my dear—why, a sub marine is a boat that goes under the water. It dives down and stays un der. That's what its name means." "Isn't that lovely? When the waves are rough and everybody is getting seasick they dive down where the wa ter is still, and they don't notice it Do they all hold their breaths?" "What do you mean—hold their breaths? The crew?" "Why, of course. I suppose they can hold them a long time with practice." "But they don't They have air tanks and all sorts of things for their1 comfort And when they run out of supplies they come to the surface and get what they require." "Isn't that funny? And how do they hurt the battleships? Do they come up under them suddenly and push them out of the water?" "No they shoot torpedoes at them." "How interesting! And so dangerous too! My Cousin Mary's little boy threw a torpedo at Uncle George, and It stuck in his ear, and Uucle George cut him out of his will. It must fuss up the sailors dreadfully, and I can't blame them cither. What's the matter, George?" "I'm sure I heard the phone bell." lie goes and doesn't come back.— Cleveland Plain Dealer. A for yet was de spread that Horrible Example. There was a man In our town Who felt ho ought to know The right way to pronounce the names That clutter war news of sail or Vanltie. Sbo after her anil plan had cut down, and to bo BO. He wrestled with these crooked words Till his poor brain exploded, And now lie swears war names are bombs And—worse luck still!—are loaded. —Richmond Times-Dispatch. Judging by Appearances. Myles—How long does it take your wife to dress for church? Styles—Oh, about twenty minutes! "And how long does it take her when you're going to the opera?" "Oh, about two hours!" "That's funny." "Why?" "Because she seems to put more oh when Bhe goes to church."—Yonkers Statesman. The 8oft Answer. Bhe— You overestimate your charms I did not fall Into your arms, The first proposal that you made. He— My love, you need not be afraid Of that I'm perfectly aware— Indeed, you were not even there! —Judge. Her Way. A man's a fool who thinks of balking A woman when her tongue would spin. She always says, "There's no use talk ing!" When she intends to start right In. —San Francisco Chronicle. To Promote Peaoe. Scribbler—I've a poem here advocat ing peace. Editor—I suppose that you honestly and sincerely desire peace? Scribbler—Yes, sir. Editor—Then burn the poem.—Boston Transcript Whiehf A cricket remarked, "I am one of two things— A singer that kicks Or a kicker that sings." —Mew York Times. They Marry Titles. Bill—I see Manchester, England, last year Imported 80,000 barrels of Ameri can apples. Jill—Yes England gets a lot of our "pippins," I know. Yonkere States man. Poor Business Men. In days of old, when knights were bold. They had Bome goodly fights. But they were chumps they never sold The moving picture rights. —Kansas City Journal. Mighty Hard. First Shopper—It's so hard to find Just what you want. Second Shopper—Yes, especially when you don't know what It is.—St Louis Post-Dispatch. 1 Tha Old Jokes. 1 cannot pull the old Jokes, Long recognised as leaders A plague on those infernally Sophisticated readers! —New York HOT aPRlNUg Ifafl. Diplomatically 8peaking. "I want to answer Gwendolyn's let* ter and say something that means nothing." "Tell her you love her."—Philadelphia Ledger. rp The Desideratum. Lives of great men should Of this, fact to make remind us a note: All one needs to be a statesman Is a long Prince Albert eoat. -Puck. Put Her In the Fold. Madame—Did you know that sheep pie the stupidest things in the world? Monsieur—Yes, my lamb.—Cornell Widow. WHEAL YOUNG FOLKS' CORNER Men In Boy Scout' Movement. The number of men who have joined the Boy Scouts of America movement as leaders of troops or members of councils has increased steadily In the past year. The report of the scout executive showed that at sistants, 353 commissioners, chief present 25,804 men are serving voluntarily in the scout movement. These consi.st of 8,916 enrolled as scoutmasters and members of troop committees, members of local councils and 174 members of the national council and its committees. Since the beginning of the scouting the biggest problem has been to ob tain adult leaders of boys In their various character building activities. This problem remains, for the number which can be of great service to boys In scout work is without limit, there being, according to the census, more than 9,000,000 boys In the United States between the ages of ten and twenty. But the records Indicate that the number of those serving as lead ers Is growing rapidly. It means not only that more boys are obtaining the pleasures and benefits of the scont pro gram, but that the boys enrolled In the movement are getting greater pleas ures and greater benefits than before. as 12,041 4,320 Why tha Opal la Unlucky. A rich nobleman once owned a beau tiful ring in which was set a large opal of the most brilliant hues, which was an heirloom in his family and had the magic property of bringing good fortune to the possessor, though the condition attached to It said it must be given to the best beloved son else Its magic virtue would be lost The nobleman had three sons, all equally loved by the father, so when the time came that he must part with the opal and not being able to decide upon which son to bestow the precious gem he had two rings made exactly like the charmed one, in which he had Imi tation opals set so like the real one that no one could have detected any difference. Then, calling his sons, one by one, Into his room, he presented each with a ring, telling blm It was the wonder working opal, bnt charg ing each not to mention It to his broth era. The fairies, however, who were re sponsible in the first place for the luck bringing ring, were Indignant at the deceit and took away the charm, and tha legend says that ill luck and disas ter have followed the opal ever since. The Game of Conundrums. This is a quiet game that calls for rather quick wits, but It almost al ways produces some surprisingly clev er and laughable results. All the guests are seated In a circle. Then each to his right hand neighbor whispers the name of an object—a flat iron, a school, a ladder, anything at alL Next each to his left hand neigh bor whispers the name of some person present or of some celebrity well known to all. Now each player has the name of a person and of an object Each, then, in turn, must ask the conundrum, "Why Is Mr. like a or "What Is the difference between Mr. and a And each player must an swer his own conundrum with the cleverest answer he can think of or pay a forfeit It adds to the zest of this game if one or more prizes are awarded by popular vote for the cleverest answers, and a booby prize may be added. Weather 8igne. There are all sorts of adages for prophesying the weather. Others may know of some not Included in this list, but here area few sayings: A red sunset foretells fine weather. A red sunrise foretells wet weather. A gloomy, dark blue sky means wind a light blue, fine weather. A bright yellow sky at sunset Is a sign of wind a pale yellow, of rain. If distant objects are clear rain is near, except in winter, with northerly winds. A halo round the moon, if it appears distant and distinct, Indicates a gale of wind and probably rain within twenty-four hours. The sun's setting or rising behind a bank of clouds indicates rough weath er. If, however, the clouds bank in the west after sunset this is a sign of fine weather.—Chicago Tribune. Boy 8cout Game. Siberian man hunt is a good game for boy scouts or any group of boys. One scout as fugitive runs away across the snow in any direction he may please until he finds a good hiding place, and there conceals himself. The remainder, after giving him twenty minutes' start or more, proceed to fol low him by his tracks. As they ap proach his hiding place, he shoots at them with snowballs, and every one that Is struck must fall out dead. The fugitive must be Btruck fore he is counted dead. Is fctAJftfjHOT SPKiHw,, .wum UAmurA NOTABLES IN THE LIMELIGHT C. P. Anderson, International Law Expert. Chandler 1'arson? Anderson of New York, who lias been regained by 'he de partment of state in an ivlvi, ca pacity, Is an authority on matters of international '.aw. Mr. Amis ..-.on's work will ileal maltilv with ::coti»ns coming Ixfore the solicitor ..-f the de partment, and iu this capacity will collaborate with Counselor Robert Lan sing. It Is in these two liien that Secretary of State Bryan will rely for legal advice on problems that arise from the European war. Born in Coniif'.U' ut forty-nine years ago Mr. Anderson was edii-r.'.°d al Tale and the Harvard Law school. lie was admitted to the bar in 1801, and since 1890 has had an office In New York. In 1800-7 he was secretary for United States and Great Britain of the Bering sea claims commissions. Slncc that time Mr. Anderson has had a wido experience in matters pertaining to in ternational law. lie was one of the counsel for the United States before the Alaskan boundary tribunal in 1903, and also in settlement of the Passama quoddy bay boundary six years later. He was a special couueel for the depart ment of state under Secretaries Root and Knox. In 1910 he was agent for the United States at The Hague in the north Atlantic coast fisheries arbitra tion and also a delegate to the fur seal conference at Washington. During President Taft's administration Mr. Anderson served nearly four years as counselor for the department of state. Chief of the Turkish Army. Enver Pasha, Turkish minister of war and leader of the Young Turks, the man who forced the Ottoman em pire into the European war, is said to be the popular idol of the Turkish peo ple. Enver's training both as soldier and organizer peculiarly fits him for the position as leader of the Young Turks. At (he breaking out of the rev olution in 1908 he was a major in the Turkish army and had seen consider able service in Macedonia. He was born In 1SS3 at Constantinople, entered Photo by three times be Charade. My first and my second might easily The name of a be girl, aa see. you'll very soon My third, fourth, fifth, sixth denotes pow er, Indeed, To do something well with precision and speed. My fourth, a boy's nickname or some* thing you dread, Or something convenient in baying, 'tis •aid. My third is an article, easily guessed. My fifth a pronoun, and, rest. aa for the My sixth is a beversse, tad for amaU boys. Possessing my whole, you're a »I»M enjoys. Answer.—Amy-a-bfll, i, tia emUTiflttr American Press '.he Association. ENTER PASHA. the military school at the age of eleven and was graduated and given a com mission In the army at nineteen. Only a few years ago Enver Pasha was merely the military attache of the Berlin embassy. In 1908 he hurried from Germany and joined the move ment of the Committee of Union and Progress. He donned peasant clothes and went from village to village mak ing speeches and recruiting an army. Then he led the constitutional army which deposed Abdul Hamid. Enver Pasha was the hero of the Tripoli war that followed. He over threw the Kiamil ministry when an at tempt was made to cede Adrianople to Greece. Again It was Enver Pasha who arranged for the reorganization of the Turkish army by Germans. Gen eral von tier Goltz was assigned to the task and is now the director of the Turkish cpmpaign. Enver Paslia hopes to be known ns Turkey's liberator. The result of the war wlli fix hls atatua. DAMES AND DAUGHTERS. .Miss board of In the Anna B. Crocker Is curator of Portland (Ore.) Art museum. Dr. Adelaide Brown of San Francis co has been named by Governor son as a health. This a woman under bodyguard of ye.trs years Mocks SHORT .John member of the California ,1s has been Julie Qur&e in a tin* received the first time on Sister the board. Rigard, a nun, acting as military hospital war 7.une, the Legion of her valor Hontn tor lire. .age from for wounded under tirst m«-' She saved heavy fire. her in Ii- i-t a college, I ui'iiur AND vil- burning and secured food men, who were Isolated, Mme. Stephan Panaretoff, wife of the Bulgarian minister to the United States. is an American woman, w.»s King Ferdir ud. Mrs. Inosnke Senno, the first v. uti^n Ii.uik president in the history of Jtpan, began her banking career less than tw'i ago, though over seventy of age. She lives but a few from the Institution Itself and Is at her desk sharp on time every morning. In the operations of the bank nothing of any financial 'mpo- tance is ever done without ".al a"--.: direction. Current Comment. "Seeing America first" Is consider ably Interfered with by the 40,000 bill boards that garnish the natural seen ery.—Chicago News. Flood damage and threats of flood damage we shall have with us perhaps aiwu.vtj. It Is the price of narrowing liver channels, of cultivating bottom lands and of running bridge ert:l»ank ments across flood plains.—Toledo Blade. With a membership gain of 703,000, the churches of America may look upon 11914 with encouragement and 101." with hope. But in this country uf ma jorities ilie majority is still fslde the churches and the big work lb stiii to be done.—Phladelphla Ledger. SjHARP. Don't rely on another man's pull to get you to the front. I People will have a good opinion of you if you agree with them. Talent and genius are akin, but genius Is generally a poor relation. The face of the earth, it may be said, presents just now a fine case of rash. The fellow who stands In his own light must expect to be thrown In the shade. Too many of us get the mistaken notion that life la what the other fel low makes it At any rate, tills war has done won ders In the way of popularising the American flag. "All women are kittens," says a New York actress. Most of them, however, have their eyes open. A woman will forgive a man almost anything, except the fact that he beat her at tier own game. If the war continues long enough North America may become acquaint ed with South America. Another probable cauBe of the high price of food. The railroads kill the cows and the automobiles kill the chickens. "When does a man attain his prime?' asks an exchange. When he develops the courage to talk back to his wife but few ever do. Short Stories. South Africans are clamoring for a parcel post service with the United States. It Is provided in the tariff law of Spain that the rates'of duty shall be revised every five years. Over 3,300 miles In length, the cable from Lisbon to Pernambuco Is the longest crossing the Atlantic. The only water in Iqulque, Chile, for drinking or washing is supplied by a company that has had a monopoly for twenty years and pipes the water from a distance of ninety miles. German Gleanings. Over 800 members qf the German no bility have thus far fallen in the war. Forbach, Germany, is said to have the most profitable jtown fonatknown. It yield* an annual net gain of $12.14 anjstjt. A German's military service baa tour phases--active serving in the reserves, in the U&<br*far and in tbe'landsturm. Germany numbers among bar popu lation 89,000,000 protostanta, Soman' 'Catholics1 aid 88^000 Cteto* tlM* Servian Maxims. W|to does evil will receive worae. In evij daya tbe nan ibo«i wbat be If. Wbat la taken by force or unjustly is coined. It is betttr not fa commence than! not to finish.' If you wifb to know wbat a man la glace blm in authtotty. «e2T SOCIETY LEADERS IN RED CROSS English Noblewoman Subjected to Much Criticism. THERE who husband while te." 'hixig has them Constant' Balkan wars their been much criticism of English society women who have gone to the war as have been ly inefficient ttv., Red Cross nurses, and some of described as absolute aitd as a menace to the wounded soldiers. As belonging to this class there was considerable crit icism of Lady Dorothy Fielding, daugh ter of described and as and the Earl of Denbigh. She was the whole Great applying afterward tary to the Boer nurses of as very young and frivolous one who gave most of her time to carrying on flirtations with doctors officers. But In spile of all this talk, and In all probability because she has seriously duties, her ap- decorated by King formed in pitals. After the Florence devoted herself to her Lady Dorothy was recently with the Order of Leopold Albert for efficient work per the Belgian Red Cross hos Crimean war, when Miss Nightingale revolutionized system of array nursing, Britain had no opportunity of her doctrines until forty years in the Boer war. All mili campaigns during that period had been conducted in savage countries or In the orient, where it was impossible admit women nurses. The army medical service at the beginning of war included eight women and one matron for a hospital 500 patients, as the snm and sub stance of the reforms of Miss Nightin gale which had been incorporated in the war department. Before the clo.-e of the war the Queen Alexandra im perial military nursing service had been organized by royal warrant. The regulations for admittance women into the new service for army nursing Photo by American Press Association. LADY DOBOTHX FIELDING AS BED CBOBS NUitSE. that the candidate combined in a tion given by birth sirable person posed of for additional the present overboard service—that of were severe in two respects— had to have years' preliminary three training r.nd service civil general hospital fore entering for of the military well the status be the special training service and have as of a good social posi and breeding, sponsors to prove with th.it she was a de to enter a service com ladies. When the necessity women nr.rses arose The hour in which war was declared there was an enrollment of 15,000 reg ularly trained nurses In England, a l«ge majority of whom could have b«en taken into government service. They have, however, not been able to obtain work at the front at all. Ama teurs have been rushed forward, titled ladies who made donations to the hos pital work or pretty ones who pos sessed Influence with a member of the government. The most serious cases of army nursing have come under the bands of these amateurs, who have taken perhaps a course of a few weeks cramming at one of the fashionable nursing classes as their sole preparar tloa for aervlce. in war the government threw the first regulation for the of three years' prelimi nary training—but clung with even more tenacity than before to the sec ond regulation—good social position. The most prominent English society women In army nursing are now Milll cent, Duchess of Sutherland. Lady Sa rah Wilson, the Duchess of Westmin ster, and Lady Dorothy Fielding, la dles who a year ago were attending court balls and occupying boxes at the opera as their main occupation In life, the value of their diamond tiaras and the pedigree of their pet dogs filling columns of space In the society papers.