VARIETY OF POSTAGE STAMPS
•Government Makes Them of Three
Kinds, to Suit the Conditions of
'Sometimes you take precautions to
place a few postage Btamps inside a
note book, where you would think they
could not possibly stick together by
•carrying the book in your pocket, be
cause there seems to be too much
thickness for the body heat to pene
trate, and yet you discover them, per
haps only a few hours later, stuck so
firmly together that they are spoiled.
Then again, you may carry postage
stamps about for many days or weeks
and they never stick together. And
the explanation of this is that the
stamps that stick are probably "win
ter" stamps. This is because the gov
ernment makes three brands of post
age stamps, "summer," "winter" and
"intermediate." The lntermedalte
stamps are supposed to bo used dur
ing the spring and fall, or during the
seasons when it is neither extremely
cold or excessively hot.
This does not mean that the govern
ment printing department makes these
stamps with any different design or
•color. The seasonable part of stamps
is all in the glue, or gum, that is used
to back them. For the summer sale
the gum used is Bllghtly harder than
for the other sort. This is so it will
not melt as readily with body heat or
room heat, and is intended to assist
In preventing them sticking together.
In winter such hard gum Is not ne
cessary, and again, too hard gum in
the cold months will frequently crack
right through the paper of the stamp,
spoiling it. And so a thinner, lighter
gum is used, which is more pliable,
not so apt to crack with the cold and
1b better all around. Of course, for
spring and autumn the intermediate
grade of gum is used, of a consistency
between the hard of summer and the
Ihin of winter.
Russia Becomes Temperate.
The prohibition of selling brandy
In" the government monopoly shops
was introduced throughout the Rus
sian empire from the beginning of
the war, on the day of mobilization,
Jand has now been In force for more
than eight months. One of the Rus
sian papers has made inquiries con
cerning the results of this measure,
and has published some of the statis
tical data that were collected. The fol
lowing list shows that the consump
tion of vodka in the city of Moscow
in 1914 compared with the preceding
*year: July, £12,686 gallons in 1913
end 359,124 gallons in 1914 August,
•6G7.926 gallons In 1913 and 23,373 gal-
Jons In 1914 October, 707,688 gallons
In 1913 and 2,913 gallons in 1914. Dur
ing the first three months vodka could
'be obtained at the first-class restau
rants for consumption In the same,
"the selling of vodka in bottles being
^prohibited under a heavy fine.
Based on verdicts by Mississippi Ju
ries Law Notes recommends that state,
as a place where money is easy. The
•case of Illinois Central railroad vs.
•Dacus resulted in a verdict for $500
to a prospective passenger because a
ticket agent said "d n" to him
while in Alabama, etc., Railroad com
pany vs. Morris it appeared that a
liberal Jury gave $15,000 to a white
woman who was compelled to ride a
short distance with three negroes, al
though the stingy court cut the ver
diet to $2,000.
Ilubby came home from a club with
jtis white waistcoat badly spatted.
"How careless you are," said his
"Not at all," he replied. "You see,
'they didn't have any menu cards, and
I knew you'd want to know what we
"bad to eat."
What It Does.
•1 "There's nothing like adversity to
"YOB, out at the elbows."
The 8upply Comes From Food.
It we get power from food, why not
strive to get all the power we can. That
Is only possible by selecting food that
exactly fits the requirements of the
"Not knowing how to select the right
fcod to fit my needs, I suffered griev
ously for a long time from stomach
trouble," writes a lady from a little
"It seemed as if I would never be
.able to find out the. sort of food
was best for me. Hardly anything that
I could eat would stay on my stomach.
Every attempt gave me heartiburn and
®le my stomach with gas. I got thin
ner and thinner until I literally be
.' .Sane a living skeleton and in time was
to keep to my bed.
'•§L 'ew months ago I was persuaded
Iry Grape-Nuts food, and it had such
effect from the very beginning
^''"that I kept up its use. I was surprised
*4^ with which I digested it. It
/^dpwred'to be Just what I needed.
*111 my unpleasant symptoms, the
hes *t-bura, the inflated feeling which
p|a* me so much pain, disappeared.
weight gradually increased from 98
*,p U«lb., my figure rounded out, my
came back, and I am now able
lo, air housework and enjoy It
3raf»Nut* did It"
t*x flays trial will show anyone
Ivee -ft* Poetua Co, Battle
.V, .'• *•'.' V"- J: •. -y
CABINET HEAD SENDS RESIGNA
TION TO WILSON—LATTER
ACCEPTS IT AT ONCE.
EXCHANGE FRIENDLY NOTES
President Expresses Deep Regret and
Personal Sorrow Over Retirement
of Secretary—Unwilling to Indorse
Reply to Be Transmitted to Teuton
Western Npwsp.iprr I'ntnn .Wus Service.
Washington, D. C'.--William Jen
nings Bryan, three times Democratic
candidate for the presidency of the
United States, and author of nearly 30
peace treaties with the principal na
tions of the world, resigned Jnne 8 as
secretary of state, as a dramatic se
quel to lii.s disagreement, with Presi
dent Wilson over the government's
poli'-y toward Germany.
The resignation was accepted by the
president. The cabinet then approved
Hie response winVli had been prepared
to the German reply to the Lusitania
note. Acting Secretary Lansing then
signed the document.
To Support President.
Secretary Bryan returns to private
life. It was learned that lie intends
to continue his political support of the
Rather than sigft the document
which he believed might draw the
United States into the war, Mr. Bryan
submitted his resignation in a letter
declaring that the "issue involved is
of such moment that to remain a mem
ber of the cabinet would be as unfair
to you as it would be to the cause
which is nearest my heart, namely, the
prevention of war."
Text of Two Letters.
The president accepted the resig
nation in a letter of regret, tinged
with deep personal feeling of affection.
The letters constituting the official
amtuunceuienl of Mr. Bryan's depart
ure from the cabinet to private life
'•My Dear Mr. President: It is with
sincere regret that I have reached the
conclusion that I should return to you
the commission of secretary of state
with which you honored me at the be
ginning of your administration.
"Obedient to your sense of duty and
actuated by the highest motives, you
have prepared for transmission to the
German government a note in which
I cannot join you without violating
what I deem to be an obligation to my
country, and the issue involved is of
such moment that to remain a member
of the cabinet would be as unfair to
you as it would be to the cause which
is nearest my heart, namely, the pre
vention of war.
Differ as to Methods.
"I therefore respectfully tender my
resignatio'n to take effect when the
note is sent, unless yon prefer an ear
lier hour. Alike desirous of reaching
a peaceful solution of the problems
arising out of the use of the subma
rines against merchantmen we find
ourselves differing irreconcilably as to
the methods which should be em
"It falls to your lot to speak offi
cially of the nation I consider it to
be none the less my duty to endeavor
as a private citizen to promote the
end which you have in view by means
which you do not feel at liberty to use.
"In severing the intimate and pleas
ant relations which have existed be
tween us during the past two years,
permit me to acknowledge the pro
found satisfaction which it has given
me to be associated with you in the
important work which has come before
the state department and to thank
you for the courtesies extended.
"With the heartiest good wishes for
your personal welfare and for the
success of your administration, I am,
my dear president, very truly yours,
"W. J. Bryan.
"Washington, June 8, 1915."
The president's letter to Mr. Bryan
W&B as follows:
"My Dear Mr. Bryan: I accept your
resignation only because you insist
upon its acceptance and I accept it
with much more than deep regret, with
a feeling of personal sorrow. Our two
years of close association have been
very delightful to me. Our judg
ments have accorded In practically ev
ery matter of official duty and public
policy until now your support of the
work and purposes of the administra
tion has been generous and loyal be
yond praise your devotion to the du
ties of your great office and your
eagerness to take advantage of every
great opportunity for service it offered
has been an impetus to the rest of us
BRYAN QUITS BREACH
OVER GERMAN NOTE
Crop Bumper One.
Washington, D. C—A billion bush
els wheat crop, the greatest' ever
grown in the world's history, is indi
cated for the coming harvest in
the forecast by the federal crop re
porting board oa the growing winter
and spring wheat crops.
Canadian Casualty List
Ottawa, Ont.—The Canadian casual
ty list io date totals 8,tiids men,- con
sisting of 1,213 killed, 5,230 wounded
Midi 1,W missing, according, to the
reoords of the militia department
WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN
you have earned our affectionate ad
miration and friendsli ip
''liven now we are uoi separated in
the object which we seek, but only in
the method by which we seek it.
"It is for these reasons my feeling
about your retirement from the secre
taryship of state goes so much deeper
than regret. I sincerely deplore it.
"Our objects are the same and we
ought to pursue them together. I
yield to your desire only because I
must and wish to bid you Godspeed
in the parting. We shall continue to
work for the same causes even when
we do not work in the same way.
"With affectionate regard, sincerely
Friction for Some Time
That there had been friction be
tween the president and Mr. Bryan
has been the undercurrent of com
ment for several weeks, but, as the
president heretofore had always been
able to secure the acquiescence of
Secretary Bryan in his point of view,
talk of resignation was discounted
generally. It came to light that the
position of Mr. Bryan in the cabinet
recently had become very embarrass
—his advocacy of peace being so
pronounced that other members of the
cabinet, who felt that the United
States should assert itself irrespective
of the consequences, were understood
to have on one occasion declared their
intention of resigning if a policy of
firmness and vigor was not adopted.
T'he real disagreement dates back to
the famous session of the cabinet
when the note of May 13, following
the sinking of t'he Lusitania, was
drafted, informing Germany that the
United States would not omit "any
word or any act" to protest its rights.
At that time Mr. Bryan made a speech
counseling peaceful measures and cau
tious action. He gave hip consent to
signing the note only after it was ten
tatively arranged that a statement at
the White House should be issued and
transmitted to the German govern
ment announcing that inasmuch as
Germany had accepted \he principles
of the peace treaties negotiated be
tween the United States and other
countries, differences between the two
nations might be adjusted by a com
mission of investigation.
Opposition to this course was most
vehement in some cabinet quarters
and the president, after having con
sidered at length Mr. Bryan's sugges
tion, finally disapproved at the hour
the note was sent. Some cabinet of
ficers declared that such an appendix
to the note of May 13 would be con
strued abroad as a weakening of the
American position, and their counsel
prevailed. Since then the official rela
tions of Mr. Bryan with the president
and other cabinet officers have been
somewhat strained, although the clos
est personal friendship has been main
Officials of the administration sent
their personal regrets. Secretary Tum
ulty issued a statement to that effect
and the president referred to the same
in his letter. Admiration and praise
of the courageous manner in which
Mr. Bryan had fought for and held tc
his convictions were expressed by of
ficials on every side, including those
who have been most vigorous in the
opposition to his policy.
The strong personal attachment of
the president and Mr. Bryan has long
been noticeable in their every day con-
Chicago.—The recent attempt of two
militant suffragists to force an inter
view with President Wilson was con
demned at the concluding session of
the mid-year conference of the Amer
ican Woman Suffrage association here.
A peace resolution was adopted and
the delegates voted to support the
federal bill, designed to grant women
the right to vote for congressmen.
London.—A Reuter dispatch from
Athens says the condition of King Con
fctanti&e has taken' a favorable lorn
and is probably now out of danger.
HOT SPRINGS WEEKLY STAR.
ferences Even Tuesday as they met
in the c.' Oinet room their greeting was
one of affection and regard.
Offered to Resign.
It became known only Tuesday that
twice before in the two years and
three months of his term Mr. Bryan
had offered to resign so as to save
the president from embarrassment,
and each time the president refused
to accept the resignation. Through
out the constant newspaper bombard
ment of Mr. Bryan for his views on
peace, his advocacy of prohibition and
his speeches on the chautauqua, the
president has stood by the secretary,
resenting criticisms of him.
In domestic affairs the two men who
were at the helm of the Democratic
party in its first ascendency into pow
er in sixteen years cooperated most
harmoniously. Often Mr. Bryan yield
ed some of his own views, as on the
currency bill, and used his influence
to assist the president's program in
congress. It was not surprising, there
fore, to officials and friends of the
president and Mr. Bryan to learn that
the latter continued undaunted in his
support of the president politically,
although he could not remain in the
cabinet and givj him official help on
a matter of principle which affected
his entire philosophy of life.
Tumulty Regrets Move.
Secretary Tumulty gave out the fol
lowing formal statement regarding Mr.
"Of course, everybody connected
with the president's official family,
deeply regret that Mr. Bryan has felt
it necessary to sever his relations with
us. We have grown to have the deep
est affection and admiration for him.
As one who followed him in his many
fifehts, I cannot but feel a deep sense
of personal loss in this withdrawal."
BIG ZEPPELIN HIT.
British Flyer Brings Down
London.—For the first time on rec
ord a Zeppelin in the air has been de
stroyed by an aviator in an aeroplane.
Reginald J. Warneford, a young Cana
dian lieutenant in the royal navy, who
mastered aeroplaning only this sum
mer, has performed the feat.
Falling in a blazing mass after
being struck by the young aviator's
bomb, its crew of twenty-eight men
were killed, as were also several occu
pants of an orphanage on which the
The theory is advanced that this
Zeppelin was the craft which raided
the east coast of England June 6, for
the fact that it was in the air over Bel
gium, between Ghent and Brussels, at
3 o'clock in the morning, leads to the
belief that it was returning from an
expedition, not starting.
Without parrallel in this war, or any
other, is the Btory the young aviator
will be able to relate. While details
of the fight have not yet been learned,
it is known that first Came the long
pursuit. According to the admiralty
report, the aeroplane was 6,000 feet
up, and to reach this altitude would
require nearly twenty minutes. The
Zeppelin could drive forward about 150
Then followed the maneuvering for
position and finally the dropping of
the bombs, from which the dirigible
tried vainly to escape. Minor explo
sions occurred and at last, one of ter
rific force, and the Zeppelin burst Into
At that moment Warneford must
have been close over the dirigible for
almost simultaneously, with the out
burst his machine turned completely
over and for a moment hung head
down, with his monoplane, all control
of which had been lost pitching and
tossing in the swift currents of air,
which rushed up to fill the vacuum
Then by' a desperate eqort Warne
ford righted his machine and planed to
a landing behind the German lines. He
alighted unhurt, set his propeller going
and flew to the-west.
VILLA WOULD QUIT.
Northern Leader Launches a Peace
Movement—Would Agree to Truce.
El Paso, Tex.—Gen. Francisco Villa
has decided to ask Gen. Venustiano
Carranza to agree to a neutral terri
tory for the conference to consider the
suggestions contained in President
Wilson's note, according to telegrams
received here from Col. Perez Ruel,
private secretary to Villa.
"Gwi, Villa ordered his secretaries
to come from Chihuahua to Aguasca
lientes to draft the note to Carranza,"
"and also the reply he will send to
The Ruel statement relates that Vil
la decided to invite Carranza to agree
to a truce ''to prevent further sacrifice
in the republic which might produce
interventionthat when Villa, in
keeping with this suggestion, ordered
his troops to retire, Gen. Obregon
started in pursuit, bringing on a battle
in the station at Leon.
"This obliged our forces, which
came from Silao, commanded by Oen.
Villa, to vigorously attack the enemy,
dispersing them after inflicting heavy
The Villa forces have retired to La
jos, the Btate of Juananto, thirty-eight
miles north of Leon, according to the
Ruel statement, without the loss of
many men or any war materials. It
also claims that Villa retains quanti
ties of military equipment captured in
the battle in Sialo last week and has
"ordered some brigades south to re
capture Leon and continue the cam
Ruel declares in the fighting at Sialo
the Villa forces captured a train con
taining powder and apparatus for man
ufacturing ammunition that this train
was burned to prevent its recapture
SUMMARY OF THE
IMPORTANT NEWS BOILED DOWN
TO LAST ANALYSIS.
ARRANGED FOR BUSY READERS
Brief Notes Covering Happenings In
This Country and Abroad That
Are of Legitimate Interest to
All the People.
European War News
Germany has apologized to th£ Unit
ed States for the sinking of the Gulf
light and promises full monetary rep
aration. In a second note to the state
department at Washington, dealing
with the topedoing of the American
ship, Berlin admits that the Gulflight
was attacked by mistake. Inquiry into
the attack by a German aeroplane
upon the American steamer Cushing
still is in progress.
Four more ships were sent to the
bottom by German submarines in one
day, bringing the number of vessels
torpedoed in English waters in 48
hours to the alarming number of 10.
Four were ships of neutral powers and
the balance were British vessels.
Sir Thomas G. Shaughnessy, presi
dent of the Canadian Pacific railway,
was summoned to London by Earl
Kitchener to consider taking charge of
the purchase and transportation of all
war supplies from the United States
and Canada, says a dispatch from Van
couver, B. C.
The last Russian has been beaten
out of the forts at Przemysl and the
victorious drive of the Austro-German
armies .is believed at Vienna to in
dicate positively that the entire Rus
sian campaign in Galicia is about to
collapse. Patriotic celebrations are
being held throughout the central em
pires, the recapture of Lemberg is re
garded as only a matter of a few days.
In a furious night attack, during
which the remaining Russian forts
were stormed at the point of the bayo
net, the Austro-German forces cap
tured Przemysl. Official announce
ment to this effect was made by the
war office at Berlin. The Austro-Ger
man troops found the city and forts
badly battered by the shells from the
tremendous 16-iDch howitzers. The
booty has not yet been enumerated.
Austrian troops are withdrawing
from their positions along the Flemme
(part of the valley of the River Avislo
northeast of Trent). They have vir
tually destroyed the health resort of
San Martino di Castrozza.
Declaring that the German victory
in Galicia over the Russiahs was due
to an overwhelming superiority in
equipment, David Lloyd-George, the
new minister of munitions, made a
stirring appeal to employers and work
men at Manchester to supply the Brit
ish armies with the necessary muni
A British submarine operating in the
Sea of Marmora torpedoed a large
German transport In Panderna bay.
This announcement was given out of
ficially in London.
Swooping from on high in the gray
light of early dawn, a French air
flotilla of 29 aeroplanes dropped 178
bombs on the field headquarters of the
German crown prince. Besides bombs
the airmen dropped several steel ar»
rows. No estimate of the damage done
is possible. The aviators escaped.
A voluntary increase of 15 per cent
in the wages of employees of the zino
smelters of Bartlesville was announced
at Bartlesville, Okla.
The Haslcell & Barker car building
plant at Michigan City, Ind., has re
sumed operations at full time for 3,00(1
Fire destroyed the bunkers plant of
the Pacific Coast Coal company at
Seattle, Wash., entailing a loss of
about $150,000. Over 15,000 tons of
coal were burned. "r
Flood stages are prevailing on the
Mississippi and the highest in recent
years was reached when a 11-foot
mark waB recorded at Muscatine. The
pleasure resorts are all under water.
Plans have been virtually completed
for a series of strategical maneuvers
by the Atlantic fleet in the vicinity of
Newport, R. I., beginning July 10. Most
of the battleships and other vessels in
the recent, war game are expected to
Six eminent Russian engineers, com
missioned by their government to
come to the United States and
on a trip of Inspection of war-time
supplies bought for Russia ia Amer
ica, reached New York aboard the
John,fteal, Herman and Ben Boner,
brothers, -who are charged with the
murder of Roy Whitehead, Mm of the
sheriff of Johnson county, .wen
brought from Vlewta, 111., to the Har
tlBlmrs (111.) JJDL to avert threatened
mob violence at the former tftjr.
IDE GROWTH OF'
Increase in Railway Mileage,
School Attendance and
Some idea of the extent of railway
construction in Western Canada can
be derived from the fact that the rail
way mileage in the Province of Al
berta has been doubled in three years.
The present mileage is 4,097. In all
of the settled districts there is ample
railway privileges. The rates are gov
erned by a Dominion Railway Commis
sion, and in the exercise of their pow
ers they not only control the rates,
giving fair equality to both railway
and shipper, but form a court to hear
complaints'of any who may desire to
lodge the same.
In the matter of education no better
Instance of the advancement that is
taking place can be given than that
found in the information to hand that
attendance at the University of Al
berta has increased 1,000 per cent la
five years, and is now thoroughly rep
resentative of all settled portions of
the Province. The students in attend*
ance are from sixty-one distinct dis
Then as to the prosperity which fol
lows residence in Western Canada, J.
E. Edward of Blackie, Alta., gives
splendid testimony. He writes, "In
the spring of 1907 I first came to thla
locality from the State of Iowa, Case
County, and located on a quarter seo
tion of land near Blackie. Since com
ing here I have been.engaged in mixed
farming, which I have found to be
more profitable than where I formerly
lived. On coming here my worldly
holdings were small besides having a
family to care for. I now own three
quarter sections, sixty head cf cattle,
twenty head of horses and forty head
of hogs, without encumbrance.
"During the 6even years I have not
had a crop fail. My best crop of oats
averaged ninety bushels per acre, with
a general yield of thirty-five bushels
and upward. My best wheat crop aver
aged forty-three bushels per acre.
When I have had smaller yields per
acre I have found that it has been
due to Improper cultivation. The win
ters here, although at times the weath
er is cold, I find as a whole are very
agreeable. The summers are warm,
but not sultry. The summer nights
are cool and one is always assured of
a good night's rest. My health has
been much better, as
do not suffer
from catarrh since coming here. 1
have no land for sale, and am not
wishing to make any change, but
would be pleased to answer any en
quiries concerning this locality."—-Ad
Bill—I see the Atlanta convicts are
no longer required to wear striped
Jill—Perhaps that's the reason some
of the fashionable women are breaking
out in it.
Flow of Language.
"What a wonderful flow of language
our friend has."
"Yes," replied Parmer Corntossel.
"But he don't use it for much except
Drink Denlson's Coffee.
Always pure and delicious.
Whisky has caused many a man to
go to work—in order to get the price.
Because of Terrible Back
ache. Relieved by Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegeta
Philadelphia, Pa.—"I suffered from
displacement and inflammation, and
such painB in my
sides, and terrible
backache so that I
could hardly stand.
I took six bottles of
Lydia E. Pinkham'e
pound, and now I can
do any amount of
work, sleep good, eat
good, and don't have
a bit of trouble. I
recommend Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound to
every suffering womam."—Mrs.HARR*
FISHER.1625DountonSt., Nice town, Pa.
Another Woman's Case.
Providence, R. I.—"I cannot speak
too highly of your Vegetable Compound
as it has done wonderb for me and I
would not be without it. I had a dis
placement, bearing down.and backache,
until I could hardly stana and was thor
oughly run down when I took Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. It
and I am inthebestof health
at present. I work in a factory all day
long besides doing my housework so yo\i
can see what it has done for me. Igive
you permission to publish my name and I
speak of your Vegetable Compound to
many of my friends."—Mrs. ABEL LAW
SON, 126 IJppitt St., Providence, R.L
Danger Signals to Women
axe wfeat one physician called backache^
headache, nervousness, and the blues.
In many cases they are symptoms of
•ome fmnafo dweagemeot or an InilaaH
•storj, ulcerative condition, which may
bg oviKCiui&A 119 ttkhur Lrat E.PI&&*
a r- r*
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