.."'! .The South Dakota State Fair and
Exposition is the great show window
of the state for her agricultural and
Other products. Just as an enterpris
lng merchant takes pains that the dis
play windows of his store give a favor
able impression, so should the state
of South Dakota see to it that the ex
hibits at the State Fair give an accu
rate and favorable account of her won
I South Dakota will have an enviable
opportunity this fall to show to the
world just what she is and what she
can produce. South Dakota Just now
is in the favored belt of prosperity.
Naturally hundreds of people from
other states will visit the fair this
year, therefore from an advertising
standpoint there should be full exhib
its in all departments. Breeders of
live stock especially ought to win
large premiums on account of the re
strlctlons placed against live stock
from other states.
Agricultural Hall, as usual, will be
jammed to the doors with agricul
tural and industrial exhibits. Al
ready more counties than ever be
fore in the history of the fair have
written to Secretary Mcllvalne assur
ing him that they will need exhibition
•pace. The State College of Agricul
ture at Brookings will fill the entire
south wing with an instructive scien
tific display. The University and the
Pure Food department will occupy
part of the'west wing. The Indians
will for the first time put on a mag
nificent display in the west half of the
Two special premiums are offered
In the swine department The Amer
ican Poland-China Record Association
and the National Duroc Jersey Record
Association offer in special prises $600
and $400, respectively. Complete In
formation concerning these futurities
.may be obtained upon application to
Secretary C. N. Mcllvalne, Huron.
STRONG RACING PROGRAM
AT 1915 STATE FAIR
8ehedule of Harness and Running
Contests for Week of 8ept 13-17.
It is too early to predict accurately
what string of horses will be raced at
the coming State Fair, but according
to the secretary and superintendent
of the speed department there will
he Jaoro good horse flesh In competi
tion at the 1915 exposition than at
any previous fair. With 98,000 In
purses and an Improved track the
speed exhibit will leave nothing to
All harness races will be conduct
ed under the rules of the American
Trotting Association, of which the
•State Fair Association Is a member.
Stalls will be furnished free to all
horses entered In races. The three
year-old trot and pace (South Dakota
Futurity) will be mile heats, two In
three. All other races will be mile
Iheats, three In five, except two-year
old races, which will be one-half mile
heat* Races will be called every
promptly at 1 p. m. .The follow
program will be observed:
Entries close Aug. 80. Records made
that day no bar.
LEAD CAR OBBCURKt ALL.
1 -&A second annual automobile race
jmet will be held a^t the 191S South
Dakota State Fair. There will be
READY FOR THE JUDGES.
STATE FAIR IS GREAT AGRICULTURAL EXHIBITION.
SCENE AT 1914 RACES AT HURON.
events, participated la bp tlx
•peeiallf! u. %6ni*tracted racing' .ean,'
*rttieh wlli he managed by five profes
$P?Wle esrtrles are not yet complete
rgearne el Chlciw,
Not only is the State Fair an ex
cellent opportunity for the exhibition
of farm products, but it is also the
proper place to select ^reeding stock,
to learn where choice varieties of
farm crops are produced, and to get
acquainted with other farmers of the
state who are engaged in general ag
ricultural uplift. Recently the editor
of a Northwestern farm paper was
asked: "Is the State Fair a good
place to select breeding stock?" The
editor's reply is significant:
"I should say that the State Fair or
any fair is a good place to go and se
lect breeding stock. It is a good pol
icy to be very careful and not buy anl-
mals that have been pampered or I
8END FOR PREMIUM LIST NOW.
The premium lists for the 1915
South Dakota State Fair are ready for
distribution, and may be obtained
free on application to Secretary C. N.
Mcllvalne, Huron, South Dakota. The
premium list is a handsome book
printed in two colors, which covers In
detail all departments of the Fair all
prizes and premiums all rules
and regulations how to enter
exhibits how to ship them to the
State Fair, and numerous other de
tails which should be known by pros
pective exhibitors or vistors. Every
person in the state should be well in
formed concerning this great institu
tion, the State Fair and Exposition.
The premium list gives complete in
formation concerning all departments.
2:20 class, Wednesday, Sept. 15. $1,000
Three-year-old (South Dakota
Futurity) Wednesday Sept. 15 900
(With added entrance money).
2:50 class, Thursday, Sept. 16.. 500
Two-year-old trot, Thursday,
Sept t6. 300
2:30 Friday, Sept. 17.... 1,000
2:13 class, Wednesday, Sept 15.$1,000
2:40 class, Wednesday, Sept. 15. 500
2:25 class, Thursday, Sept 16.. 1,000
Three-year-old (South Dakota
Futurity) Thursday, Sept. 16. 600
(With added entrance money).
2: IT class, Friday, Sept 17 500
Two-year-old pace 300
Friday, Sept. 17, 1915.
Gentlemen's road races (South Da
For trotters without a record, silver
For pacers without a record, silver
Cups will be delivered day of race.
Entries close 7 p. m. night before the
Five-eighth mile dash .$100
One mile dash 150
One-half mile dash, two in three. 100
IN CLOUD OF SMOKE AND DUST
RACES AT STATE FAIR.
Dakota' State Fair. The drivers for
tip new Brlsco models have not y&
been\named, but it is almost certain
that Judy Kilpatrick, who has had
charge of the racing department of
the Brlsco plant, will pilot one of the
It was only recently that the Biis
00 P®0Ple anttotafcid thefcr Intention
of entering the racing game this sea
taawdlltiily,. successful. neso
ttattaBf to brlpg iifw speqd aen»*
3 HOT SJfKlnUB WEEKLY
overfed, but what you can see in that increase it But the discontented com
short time it would take days and
much money to see. You can also
make comparisons between animals
belonging to different breeders. To
day fair exhibitors are taking along
some stock for sale purposes at the
fair, and. these are usually in just
breeding condition. Breeders of note
are reliable and if you like individ
uals seen at the fair they will select
animals of the same breeding and in
dividuality from the herd at home."
Delighta of Camel Riding.
It was my first experience of camel
rifling and therefore interesting if not
altogether charming. The saddles used
on this journey were formed of large
pads, one in front and one behind the
hump. The driver climbs intajplace
In front, with a huge peaked pad to
keep him from falling off wladh the
camel rises. Then the passenger
mounts behind the hump, and the cam
el is with difficulty persuaded to rise.
This he does hind quarters first and
the passenger finds himself thrust up
In midair as if on a tower. The huge
pad offers no possible support, and he
can scarcely overcome his desire to
prevent a fall by putting his feet on
the driver's shoulders. That worthy,
however, soon comes up to join him,
and the expedition starts. The first
sensation is of being astride a table,
and as the miles go by the table In
creases alarmingly in width, and the
tyro on the back seat begins to despair
of ever getting his legs acquainted
again.—Wide World Magazine.
Success is a disease, if the reason
ing of those who give the Identical defi
nition for poverty is to be followed.
An excellent preventive is idleness or
inertia another is satisfaction. Find
the man who is satisfied and you need
look no further for human putty. Con
tent breeds Indias and Chinas. Dis
content sends Mayflowers across oceans
—not the sullen discontent that does
nothing, but the discontent that mani
fests itself in striving to better con
ditions, the discontent that means hard
work and plenty of it. Some firms are
they have that they do nothing to
petitor Is doing something, as the first
firm generally finds out before going
Into bankruptcy. You go ahead or you
go back in this world. You cannot
stand still. Satisfaction too often means
just that—doing nothing.—Philadelphia
June and Matrimony.
The first people to adopt the month
of June as sacred to Hymen, the god of
marriage, were the ancient Romans,
who considered June the most propi
tious season of the year for entering
upon matrimonial relations. The Ro
mans held that June weddings were
likely to be happier than alliances con
tracted in any other month of the year,
especially if the day chosen were that
of the full moon or the conjunction of
the sun and moon. They also held
that of all months May was to be most
avoided, as in that month newlyweds
would come under the Influence of spir
its adverse to happy households. These
ancient marriage superstitions were re
tained by the Christians in the middle
ages, and even today June is consid
ered by many to be pre-eminently the
month of marriages. Pittsburgh
Pretty Thin Milk.
Old Captain Joshua Ketcham of
Amltyvllle, N. Y., was very much be
loved by the summer residents who
used to sail with him on the bay and
catch blueflsh. There was always a
refreshing flavor of the sea in his talk.
One day, when a party of city men
were sailing with him, the conversa
tion turned on the difficulty of getting
good milk in Amltyvllle, and they ap
pealed to the captain to know why that
was the case.
"Well,'' said Captain Joshua, "It's
been that way as long as I can remem
ber. My wife made me buy a cow
once. I bought her from Elbert Half,
up on the north turnpike^ and gave
him $40 for her. Elbert said she'd give
twenty quarts of milk a day, and I
guess she did, but you could see bot
tom in six fathoms."—Youth's Com
.. It Didn't Work.
The crowded car was overflowing.
"Get off the step," the conductor
cried. "I've got to close the door."
"Don't mind me," replied the man on
the step. "Close It If yon like. It'*
true that I have a couple of sample
packages of dynamite in my overcoat
pockets and the windows might be
broken and the roof blown off but
don't hesitate on my account I haven't
many friends, anyway, and I don't
think- many would sorrow over my
early demise. Go ahead and close ydur
Then the conductor closed it—Cleve
land Plain Dealer. 't
A gentleman, for what he called a
lark, advertised for a wife and re*
Quested each candidate to tndeise her
Carte de vlsite. A spirited young lady
wrote to the advertiser in the fallow
"Sir, I do not Inclose my carte, for,
though there Is some authority for pot
ting a cart befdre a horse, know of
tone for putting-one before an ass."—
"It must take a deal of care, I should
Imagine, to arracge a baseball ached'
"Yes, so many attractions conflict
Now, ln Bostoft.we have a lot of trou
tile avoiding'dates on which tbere are
City Editor—What do you mean when
you wrote '.The statement la seml-oSl
Hal?' Reporter—Mrs. Blinks wouldn't
talk, so I got the story from her hua
nhardtoibee ali your monefT Hardup
«rMo e«jri^*t this* In the mrid.—
inn woo aarro
hUi Brmnuui Hi
OF MANY BATTLES
Has Been Controlled by Vari
ous European Nations.
ARSAW has been controlled
at some time or other by
most of the European na
Since its inception as a city, back In
the ninth century, Warsaw has appear
ed frequently and in different roles on
the page of history. Situuted on tlie
bank of the Vistula in a fertile coun
try and a center for commerce, the cap
ital of Poland was desirable at a time
when conquest was more the order of
the day than at present For a long
time Warsaw was the capital of the
duchy of Mazovla, but upon the union
of Poland and Lithuania, in the early
part of the sixteenth century, it be
came the capital of Poland.
For more than 100 years afterward
Warsaw flourished in comparative
peace. At only one time was it serious
ly menaced, and then John Sobieski,
the Polish hero, saved it from falling
Into the hands of the Turks. In 1655,
however, Charles Gustavus of Sweden
took the city, and for the first time
since becoming part of Poland Warsaw
found herself in the hands of a con
Only for a year, however, did the
Swedes hold the city. In 1G50 the
Photo by American Press Association.
A OIiIHPSB OF WABSAW.
!"•',% 1 i\ _.V v,
Polish took back their capital and held
It for nearly fifty years. When it fell
into the hands of the enemy the sec
ond time Sweden was again the victor.
For many years after that Charles II.
remained the ruler, and the city yielded
its profits to Sweden. Again, however,
the Polish threw off the conqueror's
yoke and became autonomous.
By this time Russia had grown
strong enough to look around for de
sirable lands to conquer. Poland and
Warsaw were nearest and therefore
came under the Russian influence first
Upon the death of Alexander III. in
1763 Russia took a band in Polish pol
itics and succeeded in having Stanis
laus Poniatowskl chosen king. It was
not until 1784, however, that the Rus
sians came into actual possession of
the city. Then It was taken by arms
rather than Intrigue. After an attack
on Praga, a suburb across the Vistula,
Warsaw surrendered to the Russians,
The Russians had been in control of
Warsaw only twelve years when, In
1806, Napoleon's army took the cityi
By the peace of Tilsit, a year later, the
city was made Independent as the cap
ital of the duchy of Warsaw. In 1809
the city Was again taken, however, and
this time by the Austrians. Their oc
cupation lasted only two months, when
the city was again made free and Inde
pendent In 1813 the Russians finally
took the city and held It together with
the rest of Poland.
Warsaw has been said to be the most
beautiful and Interesting city In east
ern IDurope. The streets are lined with
plcturesqde buildings, wblch express
the Polish love of splendor. The pub
lic gardena are among the most beau
tiful In the world. The chief pride of
the residents, however, Is the Lazlen
ski theater, in the' Lazlenski gardens,
its mural decorations are said to be
among the finest In all Europe.
The modern city has a population of
about 750,000, of whom 2$000 are Ger
mans, and 200,000 Jews. It Is a busy
Industrial center and is the Junction of
six Important railroad trunk lines,
which connect It with all the Impor
tant dtlee of the continent The city
la divided 4nto two parts by the Vl*
tula, Warsaw On one aide and Praga
on the other. They ire connected by
the Alexander bridge* built at a cost
of more than 13,000,000.
The importance of Warsaw, both
strategically and commercially, cannot
well be overestimated. Through the
Vistula as well as the railroads the
city has access to all sorts of com
merce and owes Its eminence largely
to thte tact The rich wheat belt has
the city for Its center, and for fti*
reason it may be particularly valuable
to Germany If it Is able to hold tlfe
territory while a crop la maturing.
Warsaw figures largely In the iqxl
and hop market Its manufacturing
fttcmUes also Mihance Its valoe.
AAW A A.
SHORT AuD S AHP.
A man who loss's Ills nep-e never ad
vertises for it.
Wounded feelings kocp fresh much
longer than kindly ones.
With so much hunger in Mexico there
shouldn't be any need of forcible feed
The crack in the old Liberty bell Is
regretted eVon by the anti-noise agita
The statement (hat women's shoes
will be "normal and sane" does not re
fer to sizes.
If Secretary Daniels grabs the brainy
men of the country, what will the
The reason two can sometimes live
as cheaply as one is that the one used
to spend enough to keep two.s
Inventor Lake's suggestion of sub
marine cargo and passenger boats
would seem the logical sequence
As to Mexico "holding her own," it
wouldn't take an expert auditor long to
figure how little that is at present
It seems remarkable that a deadly
mechanical toy like the submarine
should be regarded as essential to any
body's comfort and happiness.
They have figured out that in modern
war it costs about $15,000 to kill a man,
and it would be hard for anybody to
devise a more foolish way of spending
The famous bronze and iron lions of
Waterloo have been melted down and
turned into cannon. It may be some
relief to the silent beasts to know that
at least they can roar.
Echoes of the War. -v
Is there not some way for a war rid
den world to volplane back to safety?
Wars would be less frequent if each
conflict could show in advance a price
tag marked in plain figures.—Washing
The war is certainly not getting any
better, but it does look as if it were
getting bigger all the time.—Indian
Only one thing bigger than the war
itself, and that's the war debt—appar
ently full grown and still growing.—
The terrible expense of killing mil
lions of men will surely have to be
added to the high cost of living. There
is no escape.—Providence Tribune.
China has an open door, but not as
much authority as she would like as to
who passes through itr Washington
The presidential chair in Mexico
must tip back easily to dump occu
pants out so successfully.—Wall Street
If talk would get the South Ameri
can trade we'd have had all of it by
this time. But that's not the way we
are going to get it and everybody
knows it—Philadelphia Press.
A glance at the prices In the live
stock markets Indicates that between
the cow on the hoof and the beefsteak
on the broiler there is considerable
loose change.—Topeka Journal.
The shoe manufacturers have given
the fancy toe and side lacing the boot.
—New York Sun.
Next year's gowns will button up the
baok. This will end the question of
unemployment among married men.—
Every season must offer its sartorial
surprise, for what would life be ^f wo
men, like men, were permitted to wear
the same clothes all the year round?—
New York World.
The shoe manufacturers announce
that they will make no more freak
shoes for women. But how do they
know that they can sell any other kind
while the present styles in clothes con
Somebody has got a medal for hitting
a dollar at 200 yards. Will John D.
Rockefeller contest it?—Kansas City
Henry James, the novelist has be
come a British subject He long ago
ceased to write "United States."—Pitts
Now that Wizard Edison has entered
the government service, all he has to
do is to go light ahead and wis.—In
Miss Jane Addams may not have
ended the war, but sbe has had the re
ward of those who are diligent She
has stood before kings and, what is
even better, presidents. New York
Britain has 1,000,000 income tax pay
Vagrants in England used to be pun
ished by having the upper part of the
gristle of the ripht ear removed.
"Ringing island" is an old nickname
for England, which was so called be
cause it was said to have more bella
than any other country.
On every accession to the throne a
new great seal Is made, and the old
on& cut In quarters, la deposited in
The verse found In Genesis 11, "And
the whole earth was of one language
and of one people," has given rise to
much speculation as to the language
spoken on the earth previous to the
"confusion of tongues." According to
many authorities, Hebrew was the lan
guage spoken by Adam, while others
state that Hebrew, Arabic and Chaldee
are simply dialects of the original
tongue. The Persians assert that there
were three primitive languages. The
Arabic, being the most persuasive, was
used by the serpent in addressing Eve
the Persian, being the most poetic, was
spoken by Adam and Eve, and the
Turkish, being the most menacing, was
employed by the angel when driving
the guilty pair from the garden of
Herodotus says that Psammetichus,
king of Egypt, wishing to learn the
language that would naturally be spo
ken by a person, caused two infants to
be carefully guarded and kept from all
verbal Intercourse. When brought be
fore him the first word the children ut
tered was bekos, the Phrygian for
bread, whereupon It was at once as
serted the Phrygian was the primeval
or oldest tongue.—Philadelphia Press.
For the Ultra Precise.
Professor Thomas R. Lounsbury said
at Cambridge in a talk on English:
"But precision can be carried too far.
The ultra precise, even when logically
right, are really wrong.
"An ultra precise professor went into
a hardware shop and said:
'Show me a shears, please.'
'You mean a pair of shears, don't
you?' said the dealer.
'No,' said the professor. 'I mean
what I say. I mean a shears.'
"The dealer took down a box of
'Look here, professor,' he said.
'Aren't there two blades here? And
don't two make a pair?"
'Well, you've got two legs. Does
that make you a pair of men?' And
the professor smiled at the dealer tri
umphantly through his spectacles.
"He was logically right, but, really,
he was wrong."—Philadelphia Bulletin.
What It Is Like to Fly.'
In "Air Craft In the Great War," by
Claude Grahame-White and Harry Har
per, an answer to the question "What
is it like to fly?" is brief:
The question has lost novelty, yet it
has never been answered—never, that
is to say, in a manner wholly convinc
ing. The reason 13 that the sensation
is indescribable—"like nothing else on
earth," has a passenger has said. If
you can imagine yourself gliding over
a smooth surface of ice on skates you
cannot feel and which make no noise,
that may convey some faint Idea per
haps of the feelings you experience
after leaving ground. You are support
ed on something, yet you are not sup
ported. You look down, and there Is
nothing below you but an empty void.
Yet the machine rides firmly and se
curely, as though you were in a motor
car on the smoothest road.
What Is a Placer?
A placer is an unconsolidated deposit
accumulated by mechanical processes,
carrying one or more minerals In com
mercial quantities. All placers are
secondary deposits—that Is, the mate
rial of which they are composed was
originally derived by erosion of bed
rock. AlthouiQi it is undoubtedly true
that under certain conditions nuggets
of placer gold have been enlarged
through chemical precipitation, yet this
action is a negligible quantity in plac
ers. Placers may be derived solely by
rock weathering without water sort
ing, but more commonly are the result
of water transportation, sorting and
deposition. Many of the richest plac
ers are those formed by the erosion
of older placers and the reconcentra
tlon of their gold.
Augustine Washington, the father of
George Washington, was engaged in
1732 in making pig iron at Accokeek
furnace, in Stafford county, Va., about
fifteen miles from Fredericksburg,
when his famous son was born. This
furnace had been built by the Princip
io company, composed of English cap
italists, as early as 1726 on land owned
by Augustine Washington, aggregating
about 1,600 acres and containing iron
ore, Mr. Washington becoming the own
er of one-sixth of the furnace property
in consideration of the transfer of bis
land to the company.
A Chines* Gutenberg.
There is pretty good evidence of a
Chinese Gutenberg, one Pi Ching, who
in 1041 carved cubes of porcelain paste
with Chinese characters, afterward
baked them and "set" the porcelain
type by help of parallel wires on a
plate of iron in a cement bed. It is
certain that the art of printing was
known in the Celestial empire for cen
turies before It came to light In Eu
Feminine "8hort and Ugly."
"You say Mrs. Gadders and Mrs.
Plimly exchanged the short and ugly
"That's what they did."
"Shocking! Was it liarr
"No. 'Cat'"—Birmingham Age-Her
Mrs. Exe—Your maid is too ft»nnn«ir
You should make her keep her place.
Mrs. Wye—If I made her keep her
place she'd quit her job.—Boston
...• _/ /. True. ,'S\..-Ju. iSIr
"Misery loves company."
"Tea, and some folks persist in act
ing as though they were married to it"
—Detroit Free Press.
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