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The Columbia herald. [volume] (Columbia, Tenn.) 18??-1935, December 30, 1892, Image 1

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Deranged lletweeu
-voi Uoei
. Texas uinl Her
3ase of menial deram
Mrs. Kluyon who bj
J2tt THE.
e or bbtritt iijj
tek. It ha
e trjn
NO. 51
L Z.I-
i 1
Both the m?thod and results Whet
Syrup of Figs ia taken; it i3 pleasant
and refreshing to the taste, and acte
gently yet promptly on tLe Kidneys- ;
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the by- '
tern effectually, dispels colds, Lead- J
A . .''hes and levers and cures habitual
livti nation. Syrup of Figs is tle
rr-T krexiely ot its kind ever rro-
juce.. - sitig to the taste and ac
ceptable iO'tlie stomach, prompt ia
its action and trtdy lienefichil ia its
fTects, prepared only from the ioost.
healthy and agreeable substances, it&
many excellent qualities commend it,
to all and have made it the most
IKpular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for Bale in 50c ij
and ?1 bottles by all leading dru g
gists. An reliable druggist wbo
may not have it on hand will pro
cure, it promptly for any one 'who
wishes to try it. Do not accept any
Interesting to Farmers, breeders and
Vac., Viguers and Information
.elitrl ntrattotbs Couutrjr
Mixe l potato seed should not be
planted, as the bahlts of each are
likely to be quite different, aad disas
trous results are sure to follow. It ix
best to plaut medium-siiied tubers,
uuiform iu shape and smooth, with
snallow eyes, aud it i a safe plan to
1 ul roil uce s.'ine new variety each
year from some responsible dealer,
not expecting always to find them
what is desired, but hold ou tuos
which do please. A rich, fertile soil
will glow a fair crop from cutting to
it siLgie eye, but iu a thin soil th
size ot the cutting ehould be much
That farmer who lias a silo is about
as iutfepeudeut of the weather as h
mn cau be. Aside from heavy
rains, nothing interrupts this kind
of harvesting. Liigtu rains and show
ers, while making the work disa
greeable, do not s:op it, and when
odch properly in ttie silo all danger
of imperlect curing Is past.. Tlie ear
ly date at which the land can be
cleared make it possible to either
seed dowu to grass or winter grain
u month before corn iu the sliock
would be dry enough to husk.
Auoiiier ad vantage iu the North i
that varieties of later growth may he
planted for this purpose which will
no lul!y ripen before frost.
l'aruir are too carHle-i-4 In regard
keeping an ncouiu of tneir business,
c nisequently they oltm raise crop
which are not profitable to raise
and Sill ott t lie farm, yet the farmer
call, by knowing tbe feeding value
of the manure produced from it,
make a ca'culation ot wiiat ciops can
be nold oll'ai a pr.dit, or t hell oiih
crop ami buy another. The farmer's
ahil ity to transact his business iu u
bus i iic-s-like uianuer is increased in
proportion to the increased knowl
edge of his business details, and in
in i'ie same proportion, also, are his
pr- lbs increased.
System iu farming H important.
He who carefully lays out his farm
in proper lleMs, making a map of
the same, devoting each held to a
succession of crops, with mitable
inauoriug, b-isHig tlie rotation upon
I he adapt iou of one crop to tit par
ticular soils, and pursuing all his
operations with a plai lor doing
every thing just at the right time
ami with a determination to make
experieuce and the lights of science
H4 available a-i posdble in his callinir,
will undoubtedly ceap the most
abundant reward for his labor. To
complete the system, he must keep a
record of all his farm operations, for
iu no other way can lie be said to
have a full knowledge or his busi
ness. He should keep an account of
all the expense, loss or gain ; in what
particular branch of his business he
is most successful; what crops are
most profitable for him to raise; the
most profitable disposition to mtke
of them ; the best and most profita
ble stock to raise, aud bow best to
dispose of it.
The dairy industry o. IK United
tates, not withstanding its low aver
aee product, is more valuable than
all our gold and silver miue, and if
all the cows were as valuable as the
majority of those which have been
tosud the yearly output would be
lucre than trebled.
ltye ia an exeelleut fond for dairy
cows, ana In some respects is worm
more than wheat brau, having le-s
indigestible tiber and mineral mat
ter, aud more carbonaceous matter
Its estimated value is$l a 100 pounds,
and thus it s ouU be cheap at $l(i a
too. It would be improved by a
mixture of oil meals of either liu
sec t or cotton eed.
Vory tew Krrys have ever been
brought to this country for bretding.
'1 h-re ought to be a place for the
tough little animals on rough, hilly
lam's, where beef cattle aie warned,
yet where tne large Short-horns and
ilerefotds do not thrive. Kerry cat
tie make teef of f-xct-lleiit quality.
and the cuts are unall aud choice,
betur for oidiuary fuiuily use thu
thotefrom ti e large bet f cattle. The
cow s are good milkeis, too, and aie
almost as eay ketpers as gosts.
The successful dairyman must now
become a student in all that per
taius to the care and t reedii g of his
btrd. That a man is conservative
dots not longer make the daily my.
t is only in the most prop-r com
bining of good ami abundant foods,
fed to a well bred cow and of dairy
temptation, and having the care that
in kind bestow upon U other moth
cis, which will bring tbe dairyman's
When m'lking avoid alt talking.
Ary htrange motiou or noise wbich
attracts I he attention f the cow a A-ay
from the operation of milking has its
t upon the secretion of milk.
now pretty well known
time of 'he tiraw-
frcely ar d
foo long, -while tome has been spoiled
by bad odor absorbed from too dose
contract -with other substance.
There is always a wide range of
prioea from th highest to the lowest,
aud it in rifl'icult to belit vo that there
was rh wide a rausre in Hie quality of
the milk at, the Kart Whence, then
arises the difference?
One of th most iotent cause of
failure in village dairying is a 1 'ow
ing the cream to collect until there
is "enough, for a churning.'' Before
the required amount in obtained a
bitter taste has developed, which
i-poilf the butter.
Tlie churning must he done eve-y
other day at the farthest, without re
gard to the amount of cream gathered.
The littlo swing and revolving
churui will work v here the amount
of cream in very H!iiU, but with a
da-h churn it is often nceHn:irv to
1d water t the proper lempemture,
(i. iegreeB in unniT.er tuid from C(i to
(;s degrees in winter, j order toujake
the churn work ePily.
In wiutering eulve-j n grent mistake
is often made hy trying to get them
through too cheap. Many larmra
whe teed all oilier stock well wili try
to winter calves upon not much be
side the fctrav -stuck. It may he
possible to get them through the
alive in such a manner, hut they
will eome out poor and scrubby iu
the spring, and it will require a long
time to get them iu good condition.
Their growth aud development i
arrested, ami to get them well started
on the upward grade again will cont
more than it would huve done to
ueejt them well through the wiuter,
hud the result iu the end will not be
its uood.
Horticulture. -TLe
acid of ad ii uits has Ms value
ia purifying tbe system, and it
slKKild be ttie duty of every farmer
to provide for his family all tbe
standard iruits that lie can ifciesibly
eu'ltivute. 1 'caches, grapes and straw
berries should not be iiegicted.
'Without reference at all to some or
the newer varieties wnich most
farmers have not beard of, or at Jea-t
have not tested, there are sorts wJiich
lie can easily get in his own vicinity
which have been known for im.iy
yeaif, aud which will answer evrry
Without question the strawberry is.
a very desirable fruit to have ou tbe
farai, but to have it in perfection re
quires u little more care ttiau miwt
fanners an; williug to give, and yet
it only requires a good variety f
berry, a liilie good soil well enriched,
ami a little cultivation given at tbe
proper time, ii Iiuvh tins most de
lightful truit iu abundance in the
spring. If larmeiB could only bt
brought l reilixe the fact that
sirawt'crrie- have a medicinal value,
like nearly all otber fruit:, they
might give more aUentinn to tLeix
culu valiou.
Apple Hoes ure slow in 'oiniig into
beaiiug. and a crop ol peach trees
will live t.iieif shorter itf'e, hei sev
eral crops ol trui: an 1 bo out ttie
way bcloiv apple, trees, plantc'f -tU1
Ie-t sp.rt ea.oi way, will gi-j.ily
crowti inem. This close selling wuile
jou.ig teu lits both kinds ol trees.
Tbe apple trees sh;tde the peach trees
IVdiii nuvcie wiuiis, and bol i more
snow around ttie roots. Tbe peach
tiees, if lue sod i sis noli s it Should
be. check ilnj app:e tree growth and
induce earner fruitlulness. Kven
with I he hhI !' the ttppie ire 's I he
niu!iicK H ild wilt o teo pay to & co-i
of ibe wlioi..-orcliar i blorn u single
bushel of apples is ready lor lmii ket .
ctuslug llie lariner to wisli lluii, all
the trees had b-en peach, iustejvd of
merely filling in with mi lruit as
ou ol tfeoojid.ry importance.
There is no question out tltat a
very large proportion of our orch- j
ardsj after b-i'tg planted, takeu i-jiro '
of mitl brought iolo a thrifty stale of j
bearing, ol'u-u tall olt'greully and fail
to yiohl prolitable returns from C:uv
es independent, of m-eots ami tnn
goids. There is noiloottt that a largo
number of orchards have not paid iu
the past, do not pay in the present,
and iu ail probability will not pay in
ttie future. The leadiug ana most,
common cause is starvation, for it is
not too muoii to say that the average
farmer, who either pi mts outau orcn
ard for himself or buys a farm with
one already planted, afterwards goes
on treating the laud as though that
orcnard did not exist, cropping It
with wheat, oats, rye, etc., iu a rota
tion, or want of rotation, until the
wonder is, not that the trees uo not
heir satisfactory crops, but that they
arc alive at all.
For onion growing the soil should
be thoroughly plowed and welt har
rowed just previous to sowing setd.
If the coil is not rich it should bo
well fertilized. Finely ground bone
(Uone ilni-t) is a splendid fertib'ser tor
oiuous, or lor anything else, tnr.u-
huuil pounds ot it, with tbe same
quantity of rotted (but not leaened;
ashes, lightly harrowed l ti oaiore
sowing seed, ia a good application for
medium soil. After the onions have
started to growing any good fertilizer,
top-dressed alonir the rows aud hoed
n from time to 1 inie, will be advanta
gcoi s. One huiulrtd and fifty to two
hundred pounds of nitrate of soda,
applied alter the crop is stalled, is a
very prolitable application usually.
Have the rows two feet apart. Five
to six pouuds cf good seed will in
sure a stand. How in" very shaTow
drills aud ruu a roller along th- rows
If tbe soil is rich and cultivated it is
not necessary to tmu to auy set dis
tance. We have known as many as a
dozen good-sized onions to mature in
the t-pdce in a foot. Do not let the
seed fall iu bunches, but sow thinly
and eeuiy, and little thiuing Vvill be
necessary. The tife of sets is not to
be commended, except to grow on
ions for early use to bo used graeu
Some years ago I tried a number of
experiments in pHck.ii fruits and
vegetables in bran oh aft and sand for
winter storage, v.'ilh a View, of
course, of promoting their keeping
qualities. In a nut shell, my experi
ence letl me to the following conclu
sions: i-Uir-h vegetables fcs beets,
Hugl'sh turnip and eirots keep
inu' h better when kei t in clean, dry
sand, beets particularly. Appl
packed iii perfectly dry buckw heat
chatfor bran seemed rather less in
clined to decay tli-m 'hose iu bins or
barrels, but the ditlV-reiice Was no
s'itiht that I do not con-ider t he bene
fit wortli the extra bother. tuch
long-keeping app'es'as Italdwins ard
Northern Spies are best packed whsu
dry iu clean barrel, double beaded,
ami kept at in low a temperature as
possible without freezing.
Specimen Cases.
S. 11. Clifford, New Cassel, Wis.,
was troubled with ncralgia and rheu
matism, his stomach was disordered,
his Liver was effected to an alarming
degree, apetile fell away, aud he was
terribly reduced in tlesh and streugth.
Three bottles of Electric Bitter cured
hiui- Kd ward Shepherd, Hari isburg,
burg, III., had a running sore ou his
leg of eight years' standing. Used 3
bottles of Electric Bitters aud seven
boxes of Buckler's Arnica Salve, and
We I eg is sound ai.d well. John Seak
er, Catawba, O., bad five large fever
sores on his ler, doctors said he was
incurable. Ono bottle Electric Bit
ters and ono box Buckleo's Arnica
Salve cured him entirely. Sold by
Woldridge, Irvine & Towler, drug
gists. 3 f dscSly-
The fpiostion is frequently asked.
Ji'm y Aver seiierry peciorai so iniicii
al Trofc'jve than other coiiirh reine
e Blr gnawer U, airnply because
V iT ini v?mblnationof anodyne
ti. A tn.iiiairiol niivoloDment la
Week Ku.Hugr WeceinUer 24th.
The Tradesman. Chattanooga, Ten
nessee, in its review of the industrial
nituatloii iu the South for the week
ending Dec. 24th state-, that an ad
vance iu oottou mill productions, the
second within a mouth, has been or
dered during-the week, that foun
dries, one with $75,000 and another
with $0,0f0 capital and $50,000 ma
chine works have been organized, a
$100,000 brewery, an $80,000 and $o0,
000 lumber company chartered, show
ing that the material development of
the South stead tly continues Gener
al business is reported as quiet, as it
is to be expected at this season. The
holiday trade however, has been . un
usually good the yoluine iu most
Southern cities beiug about 25 per
cent, in excess or last year, witli cash
receipts greater in proportion than
ever before known.
There is continued complaint of
shortage in railway cars on the part
of coal, iron and lumber shippers.
Is Marriage a Failure?
Have you been trying to get the best
out of existence without health in your
lamilv? Have you been wearing out
your life from the effects of dyspepsia,
iiver complaint and indigestiour Are
you sleepless at night? -Io you awake
in the morning feeling languid, with
coated tongue and sallow, hsggard
looks? Don't do it. A shout u. tbe
camp tells how Aunt Fanny's Health
Kestorir has edred others; it will cure
von. Trial package free; large size 60c.
at John J. llendricko' drug store.
marll-ly. 00
llo.t Ills Wire Meets Him On the Street of
Cult imore.
Baltimore, Md., Dec. 18 Per
sons walking along Calvert street,
near the liullimore & Potomac Kail
road depot last Friday were much
l-sur prised to see a woman wearing
widows' weeds give au omciy uu
then rush toward a fairly well
dressed man aud throw herself into
his arms. The man. seemed to re
gard the proceeding as quite natural
and planted an audible kiss on the
woman's upturned lips. After a brief
colloquy they walked to tbe station
together and took tbe train for Wash
ington. Not until to-day was the
story behind the demonstrative dis
play ot alFjctiou revealed. The
woman was JUrs. Mary T. Ilobineou,
of Washington, and the mau her
husband. A headless eorp' was
found in "one bushes near Elfeter,
Md., on the Philadelphia, Wilming
ton & Baltimore Ilailroad, about a
week ago. The man was thought to
have been murdered and robbed.
The remains were identified by the
clothiug last Tuesday by Mrs. Robin
sou as those of her husband who bad
gone to obtain work iu the Mary
land canneries Friday Mrs. Ilobiu
son came to Ualtit.o re to confer with
relatives regarding tbe transfer of the
body to the national capital, d in
going to the sia ion walked into the
arms of her bufband.
The identity of the headless corpse
ia still a mystery.
A sbek negro has been traveling
Ahroiitfii West Tennessee victimizing
i lie ..id colored people". He represents
himself as a Government aeut to en
roJI exclaves and telis them they are
untitled to a pension of $i00 or $300.
le secures from each a fee of from 50
cents to $5 for enrolling them. United
K'ates Marshal Browu is wanting the
Iu Perrv Count y, T nn., savs tbe
Wavcrly Sentinel, a !i-year-U girl
has been discovered who is said to be
possessed of remarkable powers. Sho
cures liie sick of all diseases and cau
make the b'ind see, the deaf here and
tbe lame walk, merely by the laying
on or hands. . It is said that the
afflicted are Hocking to br by the
hundreds to have thir ilia relieved.
Her name is Addie Perry.
While trying ou a pair of new
bo:ts in a store at-Waverly the other
day a Mr. Bradley got one on that lie
could not getotfaiain by ti e same
ro'ute that it weut on. As his foot
went in it struck a sharp nail almost
an inch long, bending it forward. Ou
attempting to withdraw it the point
of the nail entered the sole of the. foot
and fastened it there so that the boot
had to be cut away with a kuite.
A big black bear was killed iu Suck
Ouleh, eight miles from Chattanooga,
a few days ago. The locality is but
six miles from the city on au air line,
and is said to be a regular deu lor
bears and otber wild game. It is a
rough country, aud but few hunters
from the city have every tackled t.
They are afraid to enter it. The
clilf- ou etch side rise abruptly to a
height varying from 1.000 to 1,500
feet. In the Wrest the Suck Gulch
would be called a canyon. It is very
narrow. It was cut by massive
vo'umes of water that collect on the
table lands above, wbich iu times of
heavy rains come roaring and plung
ing down into the disrnal abyss with
the roar of Niagara, shaking the
arlh -around. During such timeB
boulders mid other stones are loos
ened and tossed about as toys, and
thousauds of them are crushed to
re B
2. -
State. 3
Jvinbllliia 1SK.1SK 9,197
rknsas 87 fM 4i!i7l
'ahfori,ia 117,!Nis 117.7.5.
I'uloraU JS.tfU
Cminem taut.-. K2,:IT 77,0 Vi
Jieleware 1S,.tS 1S.U77
Kl-riil: :'0,H;)
Oeoritu 12,:;si; . 4S,:(0'
Idaho ,"!
Illinois 4J4 14t 3W7.Sfi
Iiitiiauti i-2,Si; 2iM,!s
Iowa liHi.liif. 2iy,:l7:i
Khusus 1.7,2I7
Kentucky 17.ri42l lliJ
LonNlttimi K7,.. 2.",:M-"
M.iiUB. 4S,i4 27I
Maryland ll:t.s. 9J,t..
M.-iKiiohuetn 17t!,si:i 5M-!,Ml
Micrdsau 2,lt. 2 , Ties
Minut'KOU J(KI,i7.. li;.7.1-
Mississippi ' 4l,r7 l,4l.
.Missouri 2-7,:lS 2Jli,:il'
Montana 17,fWl IS,SS:
Nebraska 21.7H' ti,KHr.
feV!Ki 711 S!,Sii
N. Hampshire 42.1S1 4"i,iis
New Jersey... 171,01'.' li.Ki"
New York 6i.tms Siw.ia"
.Carolina... l:y,it')l ii,.'Uii
North IiHkoti IT,o-7 I7,:tvi
hin 4(H,ll r is-.
Oregon I4.VJI1 .V,,ot:
l'enusylvanla , Ii4 ilti.oii
Khixle Island. 24,.itf. LT.IK.H
H. Caroliua... " 64,ii W.WI
Soulh UuKota S.siJT :4,hiv,
Tenoessfce l:i.47. Ii.SiH
Texas Hi9,t4.s 77,476
Vermont !ti,:-. 37 .(.
I Virginia lM.Wis . 313,21"
WhsImi.uhi.. as Si: . :H,rfi
I W. Viriliuia... HI i7 ' Sn.-JHS
Woonsin .... 177.4IS It7.S7s
i WyouiluK ' S."i'
Total 6 7H.;iW i,17.ll
X 25
1 4
20 K7il
2 145
l It-VK- liiirri- 1
l.td. son. "Wearer. Bldwell.
Jls-is 5,VJi,242 5,4 10.70S IW.K-Srt Ijnii. 20.K7S lr.
ISSi I.K74.9SO 1,S51,SI 1 76,370 Urtwil. 150,:I9 Ir.
lssejt, 114,052 1.154.410 i'V754r.-hh I0,:t05 Pr.
i:ivmanU'H iilQmlily in IS2. .. .301 J79
Cleveland's plurality ia lsS.. D5 53I
C')evtlaiiil's plurality In lhM 23,0n5
J:rflelil' plnralily It. 111 '. l. 11(4
No Harrison rlw.torial t IrkeMn the rle'd.
J- In I.ouilna the lU-pnlllcarti and I'Ro
plu's wrty havlnfr iKlndiialed atuftktn tlctcet,
011 which there ver live llarrinou t-lt-tor
aud thru Weave- : electorn. the Vote Jor
plurolitjrpariiwiea I f credited tt Harrlieitk
Tutu fjill ta Ibie family doctor.
A Letter From Kev, T. J. Duncan. -
EniToa Herald:-It was a friendly
breeze ihat blew me the opportunity to
visit the vast region whence "the star r.f
empire takes its way." Thirty-hye
years ajro I had spent some years in
Arkansas, but the Lone Star S.ato was
an unexplored re?iou to me. Loaded
with kind wishes from friends at Le.ll
Huekle, and arguments in favor of the
Teimeaseo Metliodii-t,I whirled away.via
Memphis, and Texarkans, to Waco,
Texas. " ... , ,
The Arkansas bottom had been dread
fully damaged by a spiing and fall
overflow, bolating tfie planting and pre
venting the gathering of a meager erop.
it's wealth ol soil, aud grand possibili
ties, awaits the development ol the ages
to come. For want of drainage t ho land
is, iu many places, of less market value
than when the planter uv ned his labor.
It will take combined elt'ort on the part
of the land owners, aided by the State
and General Govermneot, to make tha
improvements necessary to an ideal
development of the country. The high,
and therefore the mne triable lanua,
are in greater demand. It is a fact that
a man can go to the bottoms, spend his
life, and die with a wad of greenbacks
iii one liocket, and a fever cake just
abovo the other, or he can go to the
Uighlawds aud have but little mert to
pray Agur's prayer. The law of com
pensation runs from Tennessee to
Texas. It so much for so much aft the
way from licit) to the frazzle end of the
. , r 1 1.1
ran imuii.o. rrt
x lie Ult-ua .1 ... . ,v - ------- ---
.1... t ..,. in. -iiv I'otLoii lands in tti
11 re
West I suppose the black bottom
lands of Mississippi and Ijouisiana are
etiual to them in the production of cot
ton. Modern improvements have made
the West. 14ailrods, agricultural im
plements, artesian weds, manufacto
ries, and all modern industries hnd in
the West a back ground equal to all
their possibilities. The youn man who
purposes to "go west and grow up with
the country" has no time to stand upon
the order of his going. Towns jump
inio existence as if by mag c, and they
come to stay. The millionaire of to-day
tolls vou, with no expression of amaze
ment in his lace, that he went- west al
ter the war, penniless, and had man
aged to gut a competency lor his old
ae. Sometimes you meet tho other
feilow, aud he tolls you how he did 11 1
The population is an over increasing
wuuuer. 44 ' hat Slate are you from?"
gets to We as familiar as a question, as
howdy uo" is as a greeting.
Almost every elderly gentleman or
ladv is a natiVo of some Middle or Eas
tern State. I may add that the Tennes
seeans of tho West are as proud ot their
nativity as are the F. F. s. who lnvo
found their way to Tennessee.
To the maguiticent uistanecs of the
West may bo attributed much of the
breaath of character which distin
guishes these noble people. Sometimes
this virtue takes ou a vicious lorm.
Societv iu the West is bold and dar
11 id nnt under the moral censor-
.....i viyilance in every instant-
t.,..u ..!, .vn-tcri.es ihe safe guards
Tennessee Society. The Tsatatoriuni
is a popular place of resort. Ihe sexes
join the sport. Like the modern dance
Its votories regard it as "naughty but
nice " aud woe be to the man who ceu
sures its practices. The religion ot the
W est is robust. It has cost the aureh
heavily to extend it there, and right
well has alio been rewarded 111 a wod
roundod and muscular typo ot Chris
tianity. Little men are not so hkel y to
grow in a large country. Ihe West
altords increased facilities, for every
man who will, to be laryo.
Vs the train moved oit from lexar
kana in the glo.miing. 1 saw; a noble
form move tlown tbe isle ot the car. 1
leaped to 1.1 v feet. I seized Ins ono haiul,
in both of mine, aud exclaimed: 44 V hat
in tho world are you do ng out here
in Texas, Metcalfe?" aud pulled him
down iu the seat beside 1110, assuring
ing him that 1 was hardly ever as glad
to oo anybody as I was him. ho
he informed mo ot my mistake it Ma
ill a rude, rugged,, untraiued J""t""
which clearly convinced me that I Had
shot wide of iny mark. Uhe snio .th,
velvety voice of my triei.d and biothcr
i, not .'here. Though the
contour was almost p rtect. Hie verj
. . .1.... , ,1,4 IIIU l.llill. Ill,
unrectorai oroniei !"
u.. 'i'i,.i.ii. horn in Texas, near
tho border, two hundred years ago. and
that ho had neon traveling n
7 . ...,( tt,n niuM and hud
1 rv in 10 lit . wni, -j. -
failed; tnat Tex:. a was the biggest phu-e
111 tho worm, anu ni.n. j -----
it I never could get out. lie also in
formed me that, though he voted ior
fl.irs. Hogg was the biggest man in the
world; that he was much larger than
the car we wero in. Alter appealing tl
me to know 11 1 uau .any ui'" r "
during vegetable about my ;
luons," and being answered 111 the ne
gative. He ventured to ask n.e whence
I eame and whith.-r I went. W hen
iutoj.m'd thatl hailed from iennas-
see, and bird to v aeo, u-w, .
i-....' .1 ,i.., it whs a hundred thousand
......... .....I would take one at
nines aij, " - v4- - 11 . .1-. .1
least a year to reach iU I timidly pke
him where ho lived and he said "Mem-
"Mexia is the way we spun 1., out
we have a way ol prououueuig wu.ua
wo please in Texas." . .
I suggested to him the rigliine-s and
couveuieii.-e ol liboity arrogated. Ihat
: ,.i-.. iniiiioiinced lrom
nanj " - f " " - . V.. ......... olh.
tneenu o. 1 i . -.p,
!; 1 ... to iro back to the root ot a
a and roll a word clear over
the entire territory, from the root to the
, :. 1. .. it mi hanoened. to
some men sometimes, that their tongues
w ere so thick th-.t tneie a- j
rm between them and the root of e
mouth to pass a word over it nt all,
, , ,..,.1 m,,,i uruvdt iust tossing a
" 1 .K.. ,.m,i of tho toinruo and
Word J.oin ". . KJ
lettiio-the pronunciation taiio care 01
itself." He Assured me that he saw the
.. .ii,w;,n. and that he
rt 1 1 It . I it U t'o i..-s,.----T
TAi7i -rw... have a thicker tongue ihan
I..! ha rt iroi . Jifii iiu itT-
' - I ' I ,,-.
II M I I If II II .VV. iv
turned tho odor from his tongue
? n,,..i,l tilled the region
w,if" elfectunl. As he
i. i.,iu ma a heartv good bye. 1
'.1 i.;,.. ti.ut. T would be irhtd to
know him better on both sides of tha
11.. l,.i HtentoriHn state-
P 1... 1 l- Vm,.i t.lm Iront end ot the
'"""i .-:.;;:- the m Texas.- ne
car -11
, - 1 1 : . . . ,
was no Luui'ub , .
The Conferences I attended wi re com-
oosed of noble men -Many o. w.c-
..,.t froin among us to cultivate
lm nanuels lands toward the golden
1,u ' rii li.-n iirilH lel'H. llOW-
4ver. are .'calm., ..v-.-.-. - ,
,.,i,im(.e a transter unless
f"TBr.r...Y Y-.,,.,iir. There we lind
trausfeia lilling api-ointineuts all the
wav froiii lluckle and Ton guv Mission,
to 4iranh station. - .
v ,1 l.urij of hnvs and cirls
IO I ill- L ill ...... - - - - - . '
brought in from the West, to the Atho-
IliiHIlll, IHSUlUUi, ...-v., . ....
" '-C. i...:i, ..iior for Ynumr La
dfJaand other schools 111 Tennessee,
aics, niiu. 1U, p.liicational instl-
ono nusnu .. .-- - ,.. Not
rS a- leaping Into estence
on evorv liana, ana aiu i ... . .-"j
:-T ... ...., nnr older uistitu-
in the United su. ,
est men f met on my trip rnqmred most
tenderly of "Old Soiiney." and showed
nlainlv the touch of this long time
-,.honl. In one of the
iamous i. i"'"i " ... . r. ..
,.... ,i.M,.,.a in White Itiver Confer-
ence. I found a young an Jerhilter who
frml i&ite. chosen
Iiau a iom-it v.... . ------
from among the graduates of Columbia
Female instil uie.
On mv return I spent a Sabbath in the
IHull fitv. laiienuBiwo i
- . 1 ,.i...i;t ninirili. and heard Dr
m..v on Arkansas man, transferred
ri wmk liiii first sermon
IO 1 1 M IU. s-it 1 . . ---- ,
on his fourth j'ear in that charge.
nt he atenned
n, front and nreached grandly, lie
ia comparatively young and has a prom
ising future. . . ,
Jo.)r Memphis', she still struggle
with her city government. Whetlier by
. . 1 ....... t. .it it-., nnuft.
inurueipai vine, -fii.i.u.
nientof spetnal form of governinent,
1 1.. i.l.. .1.1.1 1 1 ia u
she groans, ocm .-- -
. i.itr. It is a commercial een-
r,u".VV.:"VK.,Kn o .-..at citv. lien
ter. n" u -"j .- . .
. ...... r.r tr at Auriirnalii ri in
nerinic au aci-ouio. r --
. r k xrthodiai. T relumed to
these vales of Academus grent.y re-
lreshcil 111 miua ann mmji
.,.o. wit.li riicr noon the work for
which I have ld a " elats A
M.-:..l un.l u ll:..,..V NeW
merry v ui - - r - . -
"Year to the IlKKA(,Dnd its two thou
sand subscribers. ' WVAJ,
Th. Hanrlsomest La4y in Columbia
! Remarked to a friend the other day
A I .. b nu Xtr h a TTI Tt ' a IHt MM 111 IUI bllU
lUBb OUTJ m?" ixy- y -
Throat and Lungs was a superior
vamarlv. M tt KtODOOd Her 4SOUgh 1U-
.i.niiir wliAn AthAr mil rh 4-emedlea had
no effect whatever. Ho toprova thiB
i LttrR Bias 60o. nd 1. foUfc w J.
The Mikado Bold a State Reception,
rreseuta Are'Glren and Heeelired The
Celebration Continue Sereral Days A
Universal lllrthday Onicr Customs.
(Special Correspondence.
San Fbanctsoo. Dec. 17. The greatest
of all Japanese festivals is New Year's.
Formerly it waa reckoned according to
the Chinese calendar, but now the Gre
gorian method is nsed, so the first day
of the Japanese new year is the same as
ours the 1st day of January.
All classes, from the emperor to the
coolie, participate in thtu festival, and
the latter probably enjoys himself more
than the former.
For the mikado the day begins at 5 a.
m., as at that hour he receives the
princes of the blood, who come to offer
their congratulations.
Tbe emperor and certain princes of
the highest rauk pay a visit of rever
ence and respect to the tombs of the
heavenly ancestors and offer branches
of the sakaki tree the emblem of pu
rity sacred to the dead.
This ceremony if so slight a per
formance cau be called a ceremony
is not Buddhist but Shintoist in char
acter, for Shinto is the established na
tional though nearly defunct religion of
All day long the emperor receives his
subjects and the foreign embassadors,
the highest in rank coming earliest in
the day and tbe lowett last.
Presentation at court is held nowa
days according to the etiquette of the
British court that is to say, gentlemen
must wear full dress suits, and ladies
trains six feet long.
On the second or third day the mikado
usually has a magnificent garden party,
wbich is the most interesting of all the
imperial celebration.
Every one gives and receives presents.
Among the wealthy tbe offerings may be
handsome antique lacquer, boxes, costly
satsume vases, magnificent bronzes. The
poor people can boast numerous pres
ents, too, though not 60 expensive per
haps. A little basket of oranges or a
dozen eggs are very popular presents.
Tradesmen send their customers small
offerings,-usually of something in their
line of business. A grocer will give ier
haps a pound of sugar or a little package
of rice.
Every present, large or small, costly
or inexpensive, is accompanied by a lit
tle folded three cornered pajier, a few
inches in size. Sometimes this is of
crimson or gilt paper or sometimes bln
or silver, according to the taste of the
The origin of this custom is very an
cient and curious. In days of old a
piece of dried fish waa sent with each
gift, but gradually people full into a
vicious habit of sending on the same
piece of fish with the next present they
6ent away, as if they received so many of
ferings they could not possibly eat all
the fish that came. Finally matters got
to such a pitch that a geutleman could
frequently 6mell bis present coming
around the corner; so in order to do
away with thu abuse those little pieces
of paper were substituted.
Another custom that seems very
Btrange in our eyes is that of sending
presents of eatables, sweetmeats, inochi
or bean cake, etc. Such dainties aie
sent in pricoloss bowls of cloissono or
sntsunia set ou a lacquer tray. Over all
Is thrown a silk and gold embroidered
square of soft ribbed crape, and the
messenger carries it through the street
held at arm's length. The recipient eats
the contents, and without washing or
cleaning the bowl in any way returns it
and the cover with elaborate thanks.
The little, shops, which look like dry
goods boxes set up on end, are filled
with gay toys, with dolls, kites and bits
of tinsel and dyed features made into
tiny ornaments for the ebony hair of
the brilliantly dressed, powdered aud
rouged little girls.
Acrobats and street actors attract
crowds of not only children, but their
Then there are Punch and Judy
shows, but Punch and Judy are replaced
by fabulous cats, badgers and foxes, who
play all sorts of tricks upon men and
Conjurers and snake charmers reap a
harvest, and the man who makes and
plays bamboo flutes earns a small for
tune. Every one, from little tots of six or
seven to grand dames of sixty or seventy,
plays battledoor and shuttlecock.
And Bnch gorgeous battledoors as were
never before soenl Great, awkward
pieces of board, plain on one side, the
othr elaborately decorated with a f ir
ure of a noted dancer, or geisha, the
hands and face painted on the wood, but
the dress of silk or paper pasted on and
Etanding an inch or more above the
board. The shuttlecock is a gilded seed
fctuck around wjth dyed feathers until
it resembles a flower.
It is a very pretty game to watch, as
most Japanese are very expert at it and
can keep the sunttlecock from falling
to the ground apparently without the
slightest effort.
Eo3s wearing enormous masks like
lions or tigers heads rush out from be
hind house corners and terrify their
surprised playmates. All the city is
given np to amusement and pleasure.
Tlie house decorations are very quaint
and pretty. Across the main entrance a
straw rope with a deep fringe is stretched
to keep out oni, or devils, and the little
pieces of paper fasteued to it are pray
ers for prosperity and good health.
About the center of the rope i fas
tened a crab, a bunch of ferns and some
oranges. Each of these decorations has
its meaning tbe crab signifying a wish
thu t tha Inmate mar liva to D9 SO old
that they will U bent Ilka th crb The
Urns, whlcu are sua vs jmi on new
helm tkat there may be plenty of chil
flrra to carry on the name before the
parents die. The orange is emblematic
of fraitfulnesa and abundance.
Each side of tbe threshold stands a fir
trsa bound to a bamboo. These are
the ptaea of mntual old age the black
fir tha father and the red the mother of
the household and a hope' ia thus indi
catad that the parents may grow old to
gether. The bamboo means a straight
forward aud upright mind.
, On New Year's evo haudfnla of. beans
iwe thrown aliout the rooms and over
tae threshold to exorcise evil spirits who
may bo about.
Bwfera the new year the merchants
endeavor to get in all tho money that is
owed to them, and to piy or settle their
own debts. As a consequence uvmy
things can be bought very cheaply at
the end of the year, for ready money js
the grwat desideratum.
. Men carrying trays of something look
inj lake white worms go through the
streets crying, "ieoba, soba!" the Japa
nese form of macaroni which, eaten
with soy sauce, is a favorite delicacy
witfc the coolies and jiuriknha men.
For their little customers these men
make all sorts of figures of devils, gods
and animals from this paste.
Other men go about with a portable
hibache, or brazier,, and some batter, and
for three sen a couple of children can
obtain the use of tbe brazier and enough
ourinsccr winter costume of Japanese
bcitc kes to make them ill for a
'Er&. fW principal attraction being that
tl qr ae allowed to cook the cakea thein
sefcraa. Tlkangh a considerable quantity of
ga&e, r rice whisky, is drunk, little or no
drwuiennvss ia seen, and no intoxicated
man ar to be met iu the streets. lu
dead the J;uanese are a very temperate
people, drunkenness aud opium smoting
beisj very rare vices among them.
Tie first of tho year is really a sort of
double festival, for the Japanese, like
the Chinese, reckon their age from that
data! A child born twenty-four hours
before New Year's day is called one year
old oil that day, so that it is the birth
day of all the Japanese jieople.
Usually the weather is very cold, and
often there i-i a light fall of snow.
Whan this is the case fhe children are
delighted, 'for then they can indulge in
snowballing and make snow figures of
Daruna, a Chinese sage, who is said In
have eomo from India to China in the
Six 111 century and to have fallen in si
deep a fit of meditation that he sat l-i
the same spot until he lost the use of
his ld.
The wiuter costume of Japanese wom
en consists of heavily wadded dresses,
and the only visible difference lies in a
silk or crape kerchief they wear over
the head, a very becoming arrangement
which requires considerable knack to
put on properly.
Tha new year celebration lasts nearly
a week and only gradually dies out.
The V puhillon of Columbia
Is about 7,000, and we would say at least
one halt are troubled with some ali'ee
tion of the Throat and filings, as those
complaints are, according to statistics,
more numerous than others. We
would advlso all our readers not to neg
lect the opportunity to call on W?ejr
druggist sod -l a" bolt!" of Kemp'i
KaI-hio tor the Throfit find l.urirs
Trial size free. Large botll ode find
Sold by all druggists. febabeow Ij
Iti-foriu of llie Jury Syteui.
Roako&e, Va.,i)ee. 22. An interesting
topic in this and many cilies of tho st:ite
is the reformation of the present jury
system. The inadequate com utilisation
allowed results, it is s:iid, mainly iu se
curing 44profe Monal jurors,'" for compe
tent men are a verso to serving at the ex
pense of their private affairs. It is
thought that six suitable men, proierly
paid, will accomplish more and better
work in a given time.
The same men (professional jurors)
serving frequently led to the agitation
of a reform of tho present system in
order to secure better meu and more
satisfactory service. The main question
seems to be, Can six competent men ren
der better decisions, fecure equity and
justice with more dispatch than twelve
indiffereut men or "standby" jurors can
Diminishing the number of jurors
will, it is held, concentrate tho labor of
cwt and savo valuable time in secur
ijjjr propt-r juries in iniKirtant and excit
ing Wkl. It is further held that tho
rnuKLaii will have a tendency to make
tke kHliviilual jurors more circumspect
iu tkuii- duties and more alive and sensi
tive k their decisions in view of the
hTr responsibility. G.
Stats of Cum, City of Tolf.oo, SJ
Liichs County. t '
Khank J. Cheney makes oath that lie
s the senior partner of the lirui of V. J.
' ll"lil-. V w., ,is,a ..-.-. .... - - - ----
City of Toledo, ominlv aud state afore
said, and that said firm will j ay the
sum of one hundred dollars tor each
end everv cdsf. of catarrh thnt en n not be
cured bv the use ot H U's Catarrh Cnre.
, i . . .i. .1. ,;.,. Iiii.tiiiiu, in l li
c-.n tn i r.tra mr. ti ml siiliscribeit i it
mv prfpence, this 6th dav of December,
A.' 1). 1W. A . W. HI.RA RON,
jSeal. Notary i none,
n.ii. fa i.rrii fur;. s tfi.ken Infema)-
unri nets on tho Hood aud nioeo.is
surfucps ot the system. Send fortesti-
TI T S . . ..... . . w t. i ' .
tiionmls tree. r. iu-jm -
Sl id hy ornggists, 7 . loiouo.o.
oci2l 3y lm I-Ml
Uttla panse-a banr: a wl frl
A n8h a bkip a fe'idily irl
AU plume anil curls mid fuss and frills
A reckless care for bonus or bilU
A lUtlo Bonn of maiden fan
A tlttU cbat of wbut Is done.
& rtain coy. coquuttUli ay.
WUwu freed from tbe paternal coze
A very big aud bouncing boom
A dancing rusb about tbe room
A tw-i&t a leap a Jump a skip
A glidn a ulauce a sudden trip
A maze of souie wild wbirliug thine
Juet too mixed up for anything
A bauii a bump off and away
Aad that's "Ta-ra-ra Uooni-do-ay."
-Boo ton Herald-
To waste your money on vite, dirty,
watery mixtures, compounded by inex
perienced persons, when yon have the
opportunity of testing Otto's CureTreeol
charge. Vh.V will yon continue to Irri
tate your throat and luriKS with that
terrible hack in jr cough when John J.
Hendricks will furni-h you a free sam
ple bottle of thl" guaranteed remedy?
Hold a bottle of Otto's Cure to the light
and obsprv lis beautiful golden color
an J think heavy s.vrnp. t Ltgt psrk
p nd purosi Rooo-fcSTga botue ftoo
marti-iy. i-j
Fatrchild the Only Member of the Old
Cabinet AVho May Jie Keappointed.
Why Whitney Will Not Accept Office.
Iiiaao Puacy Gray's Proppcta.
ISpecial Correspondence.
Washington, Dec. 22. It is difficult
to realise that we are . within three
months aud less of a new administra
tion. In a few weeks the newspapers
will lie filled day after day with gosdip
concerning the formation of the new
president's cabinet. Let us 'anticipate
our frieuds of the daily dispatches a lit
tle and see if we cau throw any light
upon the important and interesting
topic of what Mr. Cleveland ia likely to
do and not to do.
I think I can eay without fear of con
tradiction that Mr. Cleveland is going
to be a very large part of the new ad
ministration himself. . He always waa
accustomed to having his way about
things, and as he grows older aud meets
with new successes it i3 very natural
that this habit should become more no
ticeable. One hears about twenty times
a day in Washington the prediction that
in lesa thau six months Mr. Cleveland
will be the most cordially hated and lu
ridly cursed man in the Democratic party
that is to say, his own party friends
will be cur.-ing him. Tins may be true,
but if it is I imagine that Mr. Cleve
land isu't losing auy sleep about it.
There are numerous and unmistakable
indications that wheu he comes to the
White House for the second time Mr.
Cleveland will take up the cares of his
great office with the supreme satisfac
tion of feeling that he is going to do
what ho pi oases and bother the conse
quences. It is an oild thing, but a president of
the .United States, the most powerful
official of this continent and one of the
greatest rulers .of the world, is under
ordinary circumstances a man who soon
becomes noted for not having his own
way. A president who wants to Ik; re
elected and nearly all presidents do,
sooner or later must bow the knee to a
horde of politicians great and small or
bid farewell to any hope of succeeding
If he stands rtp and fights and has his
own way about things, he will become
unpopular, will be cursed from Maine to
Texas and will not bo renominated or
re-elected. If he succumbs to the. in
fluence of the politiciaus and submits to
their domination, he will advertise him
Belf to the country as a man too pliant
and weak to be trusted with the great
responsibilities of the office. In seeking
a happy mean between the two ex
tremes a president of the United States
is one of the most laiserable, most
harassed and most unhappy mortals on
the face of the earth.
This brings me to a point which 1
have often mado before in these letters.
It is that we are surely coining to a
change in our constitution which will
forbid the re-election of a president. ,
Men of all parties are now agreed that
it is nnwise to choose a man as his own
successor in 1 ho presidential chair. . The
politicians are agreed that it is only un
der exceptional circumstances, such as
war or danger of war, that a president
can be re-elected, even if it is then
desirable. Cleveland tried it and failed;
Harrison tried it and fajled. The trou
ble ia that during his first term a presi
dent necessarily makes so many enemies
that when the campaign for his re-election
comes on he ia inevitably weaker
than his party.
Slill more serious is the influence
which a renomination has upon the pol
iticians and local leaders throughout the
country. They s;iy: 4,Oh, what differ
ence does it make to us whether this
man is elected again or not? Ho didn't
give us au office during tho present term,
and if we turn to and help him to a
second term wo aro (-imply working Ka
ket p in ollice the fe llows who are already
there." But if a new m;m is put up ti e
meu who already hold good jobs turn in
aud work in hope of keeping them, and
the chaps who are ou the outside pull off
their coats iu hope of getting in.
Besides thero is some peculiar quality
in the public mind which welcomes
change. The people become tired of the
very name of a president. They become
tired of gossip about him and stories
which illustrate his character and meth
ods. They would like to see a new sun
rise in tho horizon. They have aii in
stinctive, even if unconscious, craving
for novelty. In four years alxmt all the
sentiment there is in the personality of a
president is dissipated in tho popular
Four years ago the people were a little
weary of - G-rover, whose strong charac
ter and certain mental peculiarities had
at first strangely attracted them. Last
month they gave evidence that the senti
ment which ''Little Ben" had roused iu
them was no longer a force. When you
come to think about it, sentiment is after
all tho biggest thing in the world. It
beats money aud brains all to pieces.
Andrew Jackson obtained his marvel
ous hold upon the people of our earlier
republic because his rude character and
uncouth manners were just suited to fill
and satisfy fhe imagination of the times.
He was a heroic figure, and his clay pijie
aud "By the Eternal!" did more to main
tain him in power than all his craft and
It was the same with Lincoln, the next
president after Jackson who appealed
to the popular imagination. Of course
Lincoln was a great, a wonderful man.
as we see him now, but when he was
proposed for a second term there were
plenty of p oj.le who did not take the
view of him which history takes. Yet
tho sentiment which attached to "Old
Al," and the rail splitting, and the sto
ries, and the anecdotes about his tender
ness of heart aud homeliness of speech
made him invincible iu the face of pow
erful opposition. Of course General
Grant obtained a second term alino.-t
without a struggle. A great military
hero like Grant could never be over
turned ia a ;opular election in this coun
try ia the generation of the struggle in
which ho had distinguished himself.
Mr. Cleveland will come in with the
advantage of four years' exierience and
four years more of observation from the
outside. If Iio cau't make a good presi
dent this time, there is no virtue in op
portunity. There is one thing that I do not think
Mr. Cleveland will do, and that is to ap
point any member of his old cabinet to
a plate in the new miuistry. If there is
any exception to this rule, it will proba
bly be found in the case of Mr. Fair-
child, who was secretary of the treasury
after the death of Manning. Mr. Fair
child is not only a warm personal friend
of the new president, bat he is an able
and experienced finaucier. I hear from
very good sources that if Mr. Fairchild
will make the sacrifice of income neces
sary to enable him to come to Wasbmgy
ton and work four years for Uncle Savu
for a salary that will keep his jVses ahd
nav his house rent aud leave 'hia oher
tu come out oi niaTVivaio
purse he iiv.ay be tusked to taki 14 old
Dot at the head of the treaAu;- jlpari-
tneni, . . ., . -X '
ClevelaaJV former cabinet, W. C. Whit
ney, will not come to Washington with
Mr. Cleveland this time. Shall I bluntly
tell you why? Because Mr. Whitney
does not wish to incur tho risk of quar
reling with his rioud, tbe president
elect, which service iu his cabinet would
involve. This sounds like a queer state
ment, but it is true nevertheless. - If any
man in the world kuows Mr. Cleveland,
it is W. C. Whitney. He knows how
great and strong Cleveland is, and also
how stubborn and unreasonable he is
when the spirit moves him. They man
aged to get through one administration
together aud tho recent campaign, but
iu both of these trials there was often
more ot less danger of rupture.
From whi.t I have heard I think ft
6afe to say Whitney is tho only man who
could have '4managed" Cleveland with
out a row through the last six mouths.
If thero hadu't been so much at stake
for themselves & .d their party tho fur
would have been flying in tho surround
ing atmosphere more than onoe. But
the election is over, and Mr. Cleveland's
future is fixed. He will serve as presi
dent ijur years and after that will re
tire to a well earned rest. He knows
this as well as auy one, t,nd he knows
belter than auy of us how much fun he
is going to have during the next four
years in the solid way of doing what he
likes, irrespective Of Tom, Dick or Harry.
He and Whitney are now good friends,
and Mr. Whitney is wise enough to
avoid putting any unnecessary strains
upon their relations. There is an idea
abroad in the laud that Whitney is to
be the heir of the Cleveland political
estate, and he doesn't want to have auy
TOW with the testator.
Mr. Bayard won't be in the new cab
inet for a good many reasons. Mr.' Bay
ard has lost his grip as a public man
and always was somewhat overrated.
Besides he is not financially able to in
dulge the luxury of a cabinet office.
.Don Dickinson wants to make some
ruouey, too, and "doesn't hanker for the
job of running the postofrice depart
ment. Mr. Dickinson told me the other
day that the postoffice department ia
the most dirticult branch of the entire
government to manage. It apiears to
be well orgauized, and is in most ways,
but the duties of tho postmaster general
are just what they were when tho gov
ernment was started. Technically he is
supposed to do the whole business, and
while this is physically impossible the
law requires him to do so much, to at
tend to so mauy matters in person, to
sign such an enormous number of letters
and documents that a P. M. G. must
work harder than any slave of mine or
I shouldn't be surprised if General Pat
Collins, of Boston, were in the new cab
inet. Cleveland is fond of him, and Col
lins isn't a bit afraid of Cleveland. There
is a strong probability that Governor
Gray, of Indiana, will be a member.
There is a little history about this which
perhaps I shouldn't mention. It is to
the effect that during tho recent cam
paign things didn't look well for Democ
racy in Indiana. The Gray men were
holding back. They had mt the vice
presidency at the Chicago convention
and weren't happy.
Governor Gray win invited to go and
see Mr. Cleveland. Ho went. In order
to get Gray iido good humor Mr. Cleve
land s:iid just u little more thau he had
exjiecttd to say, and now the governor
counts on Veing called to a seat lit the
council board. The truth is, Mr. Cleve
land doesn't want him und yet cannot
just oeo how ho is to get out of it hon
orably. So even the self willed and do-as-you-plcase
Mr. Cleveland cannot al
ways live on Easy street.
I should be very much surprised if
Mr. Carlisle were to be secretary of the
treasury. He is talked of, but he doesn't
want tho honor aud isn't fitted for the
work. He is too great a man to le sec
retary of the treasury. He is a student,
a thinker and an orator not a mau oi
business, not a desk slave, not a trained
executive. In such a place he would be
a conspicuous failure, just as in the sen
ate he is an adornment to American
public life mid intellectuality.
For much the hame reason I should
not think Mr. Cleveland would take
Colonel Morrison, of Illinois, into his
cabinet. Colonel Morrison knows a
good deal about the tariff question and
is one of tho most admirable characters
onr public service has ever produced,
but he has few qualifications for the sec
retaryship of the treasury.
, Where v. ill Jit Cleveland find aaecre
tary of state? It is a queer thing, but in
all our list of present statcsuieu there is
not one that fills the bill for this honor.
Mr. Carlislo would be better for that
than for finnucc but he is too pxr. Sen
ator Gray, of Delaware, comes well to
ward the ideal, but I make my guess a
to the man who will get it Jainej C.
Carter, the leader of the New York b.r.
a great lawyer, a wealthy man, au en
tirely respectable figure aud a wurm
friand of Mr. Cleveland's.
WAI.TF.lt Wrr J.MAN.
How It la Preparing for Twenty-one
World's 'iiiure. at Chicago.
'Sixii iid C'orretimiideiK C.I
Chicago, Dec. 23. On the second
floor of ono of the sky scraping struc
tures that adorn the business portion ol
La Salle street, under the shadow on
the north of the temple that stands as a
monument to tho efforts of the Christinr.
temperance women of this land, and on
the south of the massive pile of marble
and granite in which the' bulls and bears
of the board of trade hold daily high
carnival, is a suite of ofiicea from which
the work of one of the tnont important
adjuncts of the World's fair is being rap
idly pushed forward. Chicago's stock
vard prince has his business habitation
on the floor below, while above are lux
uriously appointed bureans of insurance
companies, legal corporations ' aud pro
moters, the ramifications of whose ma
chinery exteud over many continents
All of them together, however, are
not called upon to receive as many vis
itors or to handle as large an amount ol
mail matter as falls to the share of the
second floor suite in question. In the
matter of mail its daily receipts run
into the hundreds of separate pieces
aud will very soon be reckoned by the
thousand while the autographs already
laid away in its files would l worth a
fortune to the professional numismatist
or private collector. As for the visitors
well, they come and go in a continuous
etream bishops and priests, doctor ol
divinity, lawyers of renown, statesmen
aud publicists, journalists and authors
financiers and social rforiuro. pliy.4
cians and surgeons, scientists, philoso
phers, architects, educators. Ialxr re
formers and so ou throngli an apparently
endless classification of pursuits and
profession and movements..
. . ... .i . .....
CitvTuss or ostentation aiienu iur
of the "World's Congress Arixil
f i r that is the title that may la
6ten 'upon tiie glass doors as they con
atantly oien and close, auu yet u is
performing a great tatk, one bccoml iu
importance only to that of the exposition
itself. Under its auspices the most eml
Dent women and men of the universe
are to be brought together a faw mouths
hence to coiamuue one with another
tipon Baujt'cbAlbiOft without limit, tnt
bi.aa&a ml tuecud t tit wtifit vf
Absolutely Pure.
A cream of tartar baking powder.
Highest of all hi leiivoning strength.
tT. S. i overniiieiil i.ert, Aug. If, 1!.
oct7 lv
Nowadays an international convention
ia an event of note. A socialist gather
ing in Switzerland, a monetary confer
ence at Brussels, a trades congress at
Liverpool, a Federatiun of Labor at Phil
adelphia, all attract attention on both
Bides of tho ocean, and their proceedings
are reported with more or less of detail by
the press of all languages. What, then,
hall be said or what can be thought of
tweuty-oue world's congresses for thai
Is the number whose organization has
been effected to this writiug twenty
one international assemblies, and aoine
of them called upon to consider
so many themes that it will be
necessary for tbem to reassemble into
twenty-one divisions. Two hundred
and fifty, possibly U00. congresses in
all! The idea in these days when,
aa was' said just now, eveu a tangle
congress is an event of worldwide -importance
aud . interest seems to te
chimerical, to be beyond belief or a
oomplishment. And yet each and every
congress will be held just as surely as
on the 1st day of May the touch of an
electric button will sturt the machinery
of the fair iu motion and proclaim to
the world that the Columbian exjiositiou
is an actual, living fact.
It would require columns, if not pngoa,
to tell of what has been done and what
remains to be done by the congress aux
iliary. Soon after the old year has given
place to the new, and before we have
done with "speeding tho parting and
welcoming the coming guest." a half
million of enveloes will go out from
the Chicago postoiUce. They will be di
rected to as many people of eminence In
their respective fields at home ami
abroad, and the contents will ask their
personal participation in the particular
congress with which their interests are
The first mouth of tho fair will wit
ness the inauguration of the opening
congress that relating to women's prog
ress. This will be on May 10. ' Uu ttie
22d tbe representatives of the publt0
press will come together, and, IJO.OOl) ed
itors of as mauy publication are to b
included in the list of iuvitatiitns. Une
Week later the departments. (.Amediefno,
co'-f rising four divisions, will bj in ses
sion. June will witness the rallying or
the friends of temperance, of nioral and
tocial reform and tho representatives of
commerce arid, finance.' Iu July men
and women identified with music lo all
its branches, with literature as authors,
librarians, philologists and advocates of
equitable copyright, and witli education
in all its various phases, will gather to
gether. August will be a busy month, wUU Us
world's conventions of engineers, cf art
ists and architiK;ts, of men who have
made jurisprudence and law reform, k
iticat and economic reform, social sci
ence, international arbitration and city
government a life study. The conven
tions of dentists, pharmacists and those
interested iu medical jurispruder.ee wilt
be held during the second week of the
month, and so will the assemblage of
those identified with scieucp and philos
ophy. September will opeii with the
great labor convention, to be followed
by the world's parliament of religion, (n
which every sect, denomination and
faith from Baptist to Budd'ii4 wi
have its representatives, while in Octii
ber the friends of Sunday rest, of pub
lic health aud the agriculturists of
the country will In afforded an oppor
tunity of taking council together.
The permanent Memorial Ar palace.
Iprwhich all of thn congresses ill l
held, Is rajridly arising on the UkV
front, where formerly the stato exposi
tion building hel undisputed, sway. t
will have two umlieiice rooms, each to
Beat between ,(KX) and 4,0MJ poopla, while
twenty smaller rooms wilj afford accom
modation for from 300 to 700 partici
pants each. Henuy M. Ulmt. j
, . A rreMluc Hint.
Dudely Do you know, Miss Warbler,
that you are tike ona of those ciulual dolls I
Miss Warbler Why nut
Dudely liu-cHUse you must bo prised tc
Miss Warbler I don't remember having
been pressed lutely.
Tableau. Texas Sifting.
(euipumry Mian.
Yabsley Pie here, Mndgel When I let
you have thnt tire pounds six weeks nun,
you said you wanted it for a littlu w hila
Mud go Well. I told the truth. I didn't
have It in mi possession more than half aa
hour. Tit-Bits.
best remedy
for Constipation,
Jaundice, Headache,
Eiliousness, and
r-asy to. i aue
to euro
, all disorders
of the Stomach, ;
; Liver, and , :
Bowels. "
i w j i
m ta
I . i-"-l 1

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